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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887977/cardiovascular-and-psychological-responses-to-voluntary-recall-of-trauma-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Chia-Ying Chou, Roberto La Marca, Andrew Steptoe, Chris R Brewin
Voluntary recall of trauma is a key element in exposure-based psychotherapies and can trigger spontaneous dissociative responses such as flashbacks, depersonalisation, and derealisation. In order to examine the associations between cardiovascular and psychological responses to voluntary recollection of trauma, individuals with PTSD recalled a traumatic memory. Heart rate and heart rate variability were recorded continuously and the episodes when different forms of dissociation were experienced during the recall were identified...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873338/risk-factors-for-peri-traumatic-distress-and-appearance-concerns-in-burn-injured-inpatients-identified-by-a-screening-tool
#2
Ecaterina Oaie, Emma Piepenstock, Lisa Williams
Introduction: Psychosocial screening of burn-injured patients is a National Burn Care Guideline and is increasingly used to identify individuals most in need of support. It can also generate data that can inform our understanding of patient reported concerns following a burn injury. Method: As part of routine care, 461 patients admitted to a burns unit were screened soon after admission using a psychosocial screen designed by the service. The questionnaire included items on pre-existing social support, coping, emotional and psychological difficulties, as well as current trauma symptoms and current level of concern about changed appearance following the burn...
January 2018: Scars, burns & healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736339/post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-are-associated-with-better-performance-on-a-delayed-match-to-position-task
#3
Meghan D Caulfield, Catherine E Myers
Many individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) report experiencing frequent intrusive memories of the original traumatic event (e.g., flashbacks). These memories can be triggered by situations or stimuli that reflect aspects of the trauma and may reflect basic processes in learning and memory, such as generalization. It is possible that, through increased generalization, non-threatening stimuli that once evoked normal memories become associated with traumatic memories. Previous research has reported increased generalization in PTSD, but the role of visual discrimination processes has not been examined...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663846/childhood-trauma-and-dissociative-intimate-partner-violence
#4
Aliya R Webermann, Christopher M Murphy
The present study assesses childhood abuse/neglect as a predictor of dissociative intimate partner violence (IPV) among 118 partner-abusive men. One third (36%) endorsed dissociative IPV, most commonly losing control (18%), surroundings seeming unreal (16%), feeling someone other than oneself is aggressing (16%), and seeing oneself from a distance aggressing (10%). Childhood physical abuse/neglect predicted IPV-specific derealization/depersonalization, aggressive self-states, and flashbacks to past violence...
April 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548023/post-traumatic-reactions-and-their-predictors-among-workers-who-experienced-serious-violent-acts-are-there-sex-differences
#5
Steve Geoffrion, Jane Goncalves, André Marchand, Richard Boyer, Alain Marchand, Marc Corbière, Stéphane Guay
Background: Serious violent acts (e.g. physical violence, robbery, sexual aggression and death threats) are among the most visible and notable examples of workplace violence. Although women are commonly found to be at higher risk for post-traumatic reactions following workplace violence, little is known as regards sex differences concerning the types of post-traumatic reactions and their predictors. Objective: This study aimed to describe sex differences in the post-traumatic reactions of serious violent acts and the predictors of such reactions...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528701/deep-brain-stimulation-for-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-anticipating-potential-effects-on-the-tripartite-self
#6
John Noel M Viaña, Frederic Gilbert
Memory dysfunction and cognitive impairments due to Alzheimer's disease can affect the selfhood and identity of afflicted individuals, causing distress to both people with Alzheimer's disease and their caregivers. Recently, a number of case studies and clinical trials have been conducted to determine the potential of deep brain stimulation as a therapeutic modality for people with Alzheimer's disease. Some of these studies have shown that deep brain stimulation could induce flashbacks and stabilize or even improve memory...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509103/betrayal-of-the-body-group-approaches-to-hypo-sexuality-for-adult-female-sufferers-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#7
Agnes Wohl, Gregory W Kirschen
Hypo-sexuality, self-reported hypoactive sexual desire and/or sexual aversion, is a common symptom experienced by women who were victims of childhood sexual abuse. This symptom may be distressing to the patient herself, and may place strain on her romantic relationships in adulthood. Unfortunately, this problem often remains undiscussed between patient and provider, in part due to the provider's lack of comfort or knowledge regarding how best to address this issue. In this article, we explore several strategies that providers may employ in a group setting in order to help women realize their sexuality while minimizing untoward side effects such as feelings of guilt or shame, or flashbacks...
February 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502529/effects-of-therapeutic-horseback-riding-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-military-veterans
#8
Rebecca A Johnson, David L Albright, James R Marzolf, Jessica L Bibbo, Hayley D Yaglom, Sandra M Crowder, Gretchen K Carlisle, Amy Willard, Cynthia L Russell, Karen Grindler, Steven Osterlind, Marita Wassman, Nathan Harms
BACKGROUND: Large numbers of post-deployment U.S. veterans are diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or traumatic brain injury (TBI), leading to an urgent need for effective interventions to reduce symptoms and increase veterans' coping. PTSD includes anxiety, flashbacks, and emotional numbing. The symptoms increase health care costs for stress-related illnesses and can make veterans' civilian life difficult. METHODS: We used a randomized wait-list controlled design with repeated measures of U...
January 19, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486811/dynamic-networks-of-ptsd-symptoms-during-conflict
#9
Talya Greene, Marc Gelkopf, Sacha Epskamp, Eiko Fried
BACKGROUND: Conceptualizing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as a dynamic system of causal elements could provide valuable insights into the way that PTSD develops and is maintained in traumatized individuals. We present the first study to apply a multilevel network model to produce an exploratory empirical conceptualization of dynamic networks of PTSD symptoms, using data collected during a period of conflict. METHODS: Intensive longitudinal assessment data were collected during the Israel-Gaza War in July-August 2014...
February 28, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436007/survivors-experiences-of-consequences-and-recovery-five-years-after-a-major-bus-crash
#10
Isabelle Doohan, Lina Gyllencreutz, Ulf Björnstig, Britt-Inger Saveman
RATIONALE: There is a lack of long-term follow-up studies focused on injured and uninjured survivors' experiences of the recovery process after major traffic crashes. AIM: To explore all survivors' experiences of long-term physical and psychological consequences and recovery 5 years after a major bus crash. METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN AND JUSTIFICATION: A qualitative design was used to explore experiences in a 5-year follow-up study. RESEARCH METHODS: Participants were 54 survivors of a bus crash with 56 survivors and six fatalities...
February 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373878/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-role-in-autism-remains-elusive-a-flashback-on-the-route-that-has-brought-us-here
#11
Farzaneh Rahmani, Nima Rezaei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347826/acceptability-of-hiv-cure-related-trials-the-challenges-for-physicians-and-people-living-with-hiv-anrs-apsec
#12
Marie Preau, Marjolaine Doumergue, Christel Protiere, Cécile Goujard, Marion Mora, Laurence Meyer, Jean-Daniel Lelievre, François Raffi, Bruno Spire, Olivier Lambotte, Marie Suzan-Monti
Essential HIV cure-related clinical trials (HCRCT) have a potentially high-risk profile in terms of participants' health, which could hinder enrollment by people living with HIV (PLWH) and healthcare professionals (HP). The ANRS-APSEC survey is part of the IAS "Towards an HIV cure" initiative, which promotes multidisciplinary research for a safe, affordable and scalable cure. The study objectives were to understand the psychosocial mechanisms underlying PLWH and HP viewpoints about future HCRCT. Six focus group discussions (three with PLWH (n = 21) and three with HP (n = 30)) were held in three French infectious disease units...
January 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241423/reconsolidation-of-traumatic-memories-for-ptsd-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-74-male-veterans
#13
Richard Gray, Denise Budden-Potts, Frank Bourke
DESIGN: A randomized waitlist-controlled design (n = 74) examined the efficacy of Reconsolidation of Traumatic Memories (RTM) among male veterans with current-month flashbacks and nightmares. Volunteers were randomly assigned to immediate treatment (three 120-minute sessions of RTM), or to a 3-week waiting condition before receiving the RTM treatment. Blinded psychometricians evaluated the symptoms at intake, 2 weeks, and 6 weeks post. Wait-listed participants were re-evaluated and then treated...
December 14, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217323/noninvasive-monitoring-of-physiologic-compromise-in-acute-appendicitis-new-insight-into-an-old-disease
#14
Young Mee Choi, David Leopold, Kristen Campbell, Jane Mulligan, Greg Z Grudic, Steven L Moulton
INTRODUCTION: Physiologic compromise in children with acute appendicitis has heretofore been difficult to measure. We hypothesized that the Compensatory Reserve Index (CRI), a novel adjunctive cardiovascular status indicator, would be low for children presenting with acute appendicitis in proportion to their physiological compromise, and that CRI would rise with fluid resuscitation and surgical management of their disease. METHODS: Ninety-four children diagnosed with acute appendicitis were monitored with a CipherOx CRI™ M1 pulse oximeter (Flashback Technologies Inc...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143889/beyond-pathologizing-harm-understanding-ptsd-in-the-context-of-war-experience
#15
Patricia Benner, Jodi Halpern, Deborah R Gordon, Catherine Long Popell, Patricia W Kelley
An alternative to objectifying approaches to understanding Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) grounded in hermeneutic phenomenology is presented. Nurses who provided care for soldiers injured in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, and sixty-seven wounded male servicemen in the rehabilitation phase of their recovery were interviewed. PTSD is the one major psychiatric diagnosis where social causation is established, yet PTSD is predominantly viewed in terms of the usual neuro-physiological causal models with traumatic social events viewed as pathogens with dose related effects...
March 2018: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058357/identifying-disease-foci-from-static-and-dynamic-effective-connectivity-networks-illustration-in-soldiers-with-trauma
#16
D Rangaprakash, Michael N Dretsch, Archana Venkataraman, Jeffrey S Katz, Thomas S Denney, Gopikrishna Deshpande
Brain connectivity studies report group differences in pairwise connection strengths. While informative, such results are difficult to interpret since our understanding of the brain relies on region-based properties, rather than on connection information. Given that large disruptions in the brain are often caused by a few pivotal sources, we propose a novel framework to identify the sources of functional disruption from effective connectivity networks. Our approach integrates static and time-varying effective connectivity modeling in a probabilistic framework, to identify aberrant foci and the corresponding aberrant connectomics network...
January 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019040/migraine-like-visual-auras-among-traumatized-cambodians-with-ptsd-fear-of-ghost-attack-and-other-disasters
#17
Devon E Hinton, Ria Reis, Joop de Jong
This article profiles visual auras among traumatized Cambodian refugees attending a psychiatric clinic. Thirty-six percent (54/150) had experienced an aura in the previous 4 weeks, almost always phosphenes (48% [26/54]) or a scintillating scotoma (74% [40/54]). Aura and PTSD were highly associated: patients with visual aura in the last month had greater PTSD severity, 3.6 (SD = 1.8) versus 1.9 (SD = 1.6), t = 10.2 (df = 85), p < 0.001, and patients with PTSD had a higher rate of visual aura in the last month, 69% (22/32) versus 13% (7/55), odds ratio 15...
October 10, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990877/parents-descriptions-of-young-children-s-dissociative-reactions-after-trauma
#18
Gabriela Cintron, Alison Salloum, Zoe Blair-Andrews, Eric A Storch
There is limited research on the phenomenology of how young children who have been exposed to trauma express the intrusive symptom of dissociative reactions. The current qualitative study utilized interviews from a semi-structured diagnostic clinical interview with 74 caregivers of young children (ages 3 to 7) who were exposed to trauma to identify parents' descriptions of their children's dissociative reactions during a clinical interview. Based on results from the interview, 45.9% of the children had dissociative reactions (8...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924982/flashback-1997-collection-of-hematopoietic-progenitor-cells-by-peripheral-blood-apheresis-after-stimulation-with-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor
#19
Willy A Flegel, Karen M Byrne, Harvey G Klein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874925/controlled-rhythmic-yogic-breathing-as-complementary-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-military-veterans-a-case-series
#20
Joseph Walker, Deborah Pacik
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a cluster of symptoms in which a person persistently relives a traumatic event, through recurring thoughts, nightmares, and flashbacks for at least 1 month or more. There are various behavioral and medical treatment options for PTSD. Mind-body techniques, such as biofeedback and breathing-based stress reduction, have shown some promise in the treatment of PTSD symptoms. The purpose of this case series was to examine controlled yogic breathing as a complementary treatment of PTSD in military veterans...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
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