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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587478/operative-treatment-of-the-ingrown-toenail-with-a-less-invasive-technique-flashback-to-the-original-winograd-technique
#1
Yalkin Camurcu, Hakan Sofu, Ahmet Issin, Nizamettin Kockara, Hakan Saygili
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of the partial nail plate excision and curettage of nail bed and matrix (the original Winograd technique) in patients with ingrown toenail. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with ingrown toenail who were treated surgically from May 2014 to June 2015, with a minimum follow-up of 1 year were included in this study. Those who had previous ingrown toenail surgery were excluded. Partial nail plate excision with curettage of nail bed and nail matrix was performed for all patients...
June 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556998/sometimes-less-is-more-establishing-the-core-symptoms-of-ptsd
#2
Jessica L Walton, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Amanda M Raines, Desirae N Vidaurri, Nicholas P Allan, Kelly P Maieritsch, C Laurel Franklin
Historically, the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have garnered attention and controversy due to symptom overlap with other disorders. To improve diagnostic specificity, researchers have proposed to reformulate PTSD symptoms into a parsimonious set of core criteria. The core symptoms consisted of recurrent distressing dreams or flashbacks; internal or external avoidance; and hypervigilance or exaggerated startle. The purpose of this study was to examine a previously proposed set of "core" PTSD criteria in identifying cases of PTSD within a veteran sample...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511822/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-and-the-dermatology-patient
#3
Madhulika A Gupta, Patricia Jarosz, Aditya K Gupta
Dermatologic symptoms can be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in several situations: (1) as features of some core PTSD symptoms, such as intrusion symptoms manifesting as cutaneous sensory flashbacks, as autonomic arousal manifesting as night sweats and idiopathic urticaria, and as dissociation manifesting as numbness and dermatitis artefacta; (2) the cutaneous psychosomatic effects of emotional and physical neglect and sexual abuse (eg, infantile eczema, cutaneous self-injury, and body-focused repetitive behaviors such as trichotillomania and skin picking disorder) and eating disorders, which can have dermatologic effects; (3) the direct effect of physical or sexual abuse or catastrophic life events (eg, earthquakes) on the skin; and (4) as a result of significant alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and sympatho-adrenal medullary axes, which can affect neuroendocrine and immune functions, and can lead to exacerbations of stress-reactive inflammatory dermatoses such as psoriasis, chronic urticaria, and atopic dermatitis...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506142/the-frustrated-and-helpless-healer-pathways-approaches-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorders
#4
Donald Moss
Posttraumatic stress disorder is a psychophysiological disorder, characterized by the following: chronic sympathetic nervous activation; persisting perceptual/sensory vigilance for threats; recurrent distressing memories of the event, including intrusive memories, flashbacks lived as if in the present moment, and nightmares; and a persisting negative emotional state including fear and shame. The psychophysiological basis for this disorder calls for psychophysiologically based interventions. This article presents the case narrative of a 29-year-old national guardsman, exposed to combat trauma and later to civilian trauma in public safety work...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419641/neural-correlates-of-experimental-trauma-memory-retrieval
#5
Geraldine A Gvozdanovic, Philipp Stämpfli, Erich Seifritz, Björn Rasch
OBJECTIVES: Traumatic memories such as intrusions and flashbacks play a major role in the development and maintenance of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). A thorough understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying traumatic memories is indispensable for precise diagnosis, for personalized treatment and prevention. In particular, the identification of early neural predictor variables for intrusion development shortly after trauma exposure requires detailed investigation. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Here, we examined the neural correlates of early experimental trauma memory retrieval in a traumatic film paradigm in 42 young healthy females, using both implicit and explicit retrieval tasks...
April 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348911/a-case-of-persistent-generalized-retrograde-autobiographical-amnesia-subsequent-to-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-in-2011
#6
Yuji Odagaki
Functional retrograde autobiographical amnesia is often associated with physical and/or psychological trauma. On 11 March 2011, the largest earthquake on record in Japan took place, and subsequent huge tsunami devastated the Pacific coast of northern Japan. This case report describes a patient suffering from retrograde episodic-autobiographical amnesia for whole life, persisting for even more than five years after the disaster. A Japanese man, presumably in his 40s, got police protection in April 2016 but was unable to respond to question about his own name...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196108/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptom-burden-and-gender-each-affect-generalization-in-a-reward-and-punishment-learning-task
#7
Milen L Radell, Kevin D Beck, Mark W Gilbertson, Catherine E Myers
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can develop following exposure to a traumatic event. Re-experiencing, which includes intrusive memories or flashbacks of the trauma, is a core symptom cluster of PTSD. From an associative learning perspective, this cluster may be attributed to cues associated with the trauma, which have come to elicit symptoms in a variety of situations encountered in daily life due to a tendency to overgeneralize. Consistent with this, prior studies have indicated that both individuals with clinically diagnosed with PTSD, and those with self-reported symptoms who may not meet full diagnostic criteria, show changes in generalization...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161453/rhythms-dysregulation-a-new-perspective-for-understanding-ptsd
#8
Jacques Dayan, Géraldine Rauchs, Bérengère Guillery-Girard
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex syndrome that may occur after exposure to one or more traumatic events. It associates physiological, emotional, and cognitive changes Brain and hormonal modifications contribute to some impairments in learning, memory, and emotion regulation. Some of these biological dysfunctions may be analyzed in terms of rhythms dysregulation that would be expressed through endocrine rhythmicity, sleep organization, and temporal synchrony in brain activity. In the first part of this article, we report studies on endocrine rhythmicity revealing that some rhythms abnormalities are frequently observed, although not constantly, for both cortisol and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158169/pneumocephalus-following-unidentified-dural-puncture-a-case-report-with-an-unusual-neurological-presentation
#9
Helena Dutra Figueiera, Joana Guimaraes, Ana Luisa Sousa, Ana Margarida Regalado
Pneumocephalus is a rare consequence of epidural anesthesia, which may occur following inadvertent or unidentified dural puncture when the loss of resistance to air technique is applied to identify the epidural space. Headache is the most common symptom presented in this condition, usually with sudden onset. This case report describes an unusual presentation of diffuse pneumocephalus after an unidentified dural puncture. The patient (male, 67 years old) was submitted to epidural catheter placement for the treatment of acute exacerbation of ischemic chronic pain using loss of resistance to air technique...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077328/dissociation-between-working-memory-performance-and-proactive-interference-control-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#10
Diane Swick, Julien Cayton, Victoria Ashley, And U Turken
Deficits in working memory (WM) and cognitive control processes have been reported in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in addition to clinical symptoms such as hypervigilance, re-experiencing, and avoidance of trauma reminders. Given the uncontrollable nature of intrusive memories, an important question is whether PTSD is associated with altered control of interference in WM. Some studies also suggest that episodic memory shows a material-specific dissociation in PTSD, with greater impairments in verbal memory and relative sparing of nonverbal memory...
February 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056884/secondary-psychotic-features-in-refugees-diagnosed-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Mette Nygaard, Charlotte Sonne, Jessica Carlsson
BACKGROUND: A substantial amount of refugees (10-30%) suffer from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). In Denmark there are different facilities specialised in psychiatric treatment of trauma-affected refugees. A previously published case report from such a facility in Denmark shows that some patients suffer from secondary psychotic symptoms alongside their PTSD. The aim of this study was to illustrate the characteristics and estimate the prevalence of psychotic features in a clinical population of trauma-affected refugees with PTSD...
January 5, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002832/acute-and-chronic-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-the-emergence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-network-analysis
#12
Richard A Bryant, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Alexander C McFarlane, Derrick Silove, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic
Importance: Little is understood about how the symptoms of posttraumatic stress develop over time into the syndrome of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Objective: To use a network analysis approach to identify the nature of the association between PTSD symptoms in the acute phase after trauma and the chronic phase. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective cohort study enrolled 1138 patients recently admitted with traumatic injury to 1 of 4 major trauma hospitals across Australia from March 13, 2004, to February 26, 2006...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992889/autobiographical-memory-and-its-meaning-in-selected-mental-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Anna Rybak-Korneluk, Hubert M Wichowicz, Krzysztof Żuk, Maciej Dziurkowski
This paper presents the general characteristics of the phenomenon of autobiographical memory (AM), the current knowledge of the subject and describes hitherto identified distortions of AM in mental disorders.AM is the part of memory concerning the personal past of an individual. It includes episodic and semantic memories associated with an identity. It affects an activity and structuring of goals, it is set in human experience and emotions and it helps in creating plans. The evolutionary sig-nificance of AM is probably to facilitate short-term goal-oriented behaviors by comparing them with the previous ones...
October 31, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936411/a-network-analysis-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-correlates-in-u-s-military-veterans
#14
Cherie Armour, Eiko I Fried, Marie K Deserno, Jack Tsai, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVE: Recent developments in psychometrics enable the application of network models to analyze psychological disorders, such as PTSD. Instead of understanding symptoms as indicators of an underlying common cause, this approach suggests symptoms co-occur in syndromes due to causal interactions. The current study has two goals: (1) examine the network structure among the 20 DSM-5 PTSD symptoms, and (2) incorporate clinically relevant variables to the network to investigate whether PTSD symptoms exhibit differential relationships with suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, physical functioning/quality of life (QoL), mental functioning/QoL, age, and sex...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876453/-i-can-t-tell-whether-it-s-my-hand-a-pilot-study-of-the-neurophenomenology-of-body-representation-during-the-rubber-hand-illusion-in-trauma-related-disorders
#15
Daniela Rabellino, Sherain Harricharan, Paul A Frewen, Dalila Burin, Margaret C McKinnon, Ruth A Lanius
BACKGROUND: Early traumatic experiences are thought to be causal factors in the development of trauma-related dissociative experiences, including depersonalization and derealization. The rubber hand illusion (RHI), a well-known paradigm that measures multi-sensorial integration of a rubber hand into one's own body representation, has been used to investigate alterations in the experience of body ownership and of body representation. Critically, however, it has never been studied in individuals with trauma-related disorders...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875034/risk-factors-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-patients-with-cancer
#16
Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Shu-Fen Wu, Shu-Ling Hung, Hsing-Yu Yang, Hong-Yi Tung
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of post-traumatic stress symptoms and to identify demographics, disease history and clinical symptoms that were associated with post-traumatic stress symptoms among patients with gynaecological, breast or colorectal cancer in Taiwan. BACKGROUND: Literature indicated that 7·3-35·2% of patients with cancer had experienced level of post-traumatic stress symptoms. However, the post-traumatic stress symptoms among patients with cancer in Taiwan was not documented...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864444/simultaneous-burst-imaging-of-dual-species-using-planar-laser-induced-fluorescence-at-50%C3%A2-khz-in-turbulent-premixed-flames
#17
Zheming Li, Joakim Rosell, Marcus Aldén, Mattias Richter
Spatially and temporally resolved measurements are of great importance in turbulent premixed flame studies, especially when investigating rapid processes such as when flame local extinction, re-ignition, or flashback occur in a reacting flow. Here, an experimental approach for simultaneously probing two different species at high frame rates (50 kHz) is presented by employing a multi-YAG laser system. The laser radiation at 355 nm generated by a multi-YAG laser system was split into two beam paths: one beam for exciting formaldehyde and the other for pumping an optical parametric oscillator (OPO)...
November 18, 2016: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822679/a-review-of-hallucinogen-persisting-perception-disorder-hppd-and-an-exploratory-study-of-subjects-claiming-symptoms-of-hppd
#18
John H Halpern, Arturo G Lerner, Torsten Passie
Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD) is rarely encountered in clinical settings. It is described as a re-experiencing of some perceptual distortions induced while intoxicated and suggested to subsequently cause functional impairment or anxiety. Two forms exist: Type 1, which are brief "flashbacks," and Type 2 claimed to be chronic, waxing, and waning over months to years. A review of HPPD is presented. In addition, data from a comprehensive survey of 20 subjects reporting Type-2 HPPD-like symptoms are presented and evaluated...
November 8, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810269/a-network-approach-to-the-comorbidity-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder-the-role-of-overlapping-symptoms
#19
Mohammad H Afzali, Matthew Sunderland, Maree Teesson, Natacha Carragher, Katherine Mills, Tim Slade
BACKGROUND: The role of symptom overlap between major depressive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in comorbidity between two disorders is unclear. The current study applied network analysis to map the structure of symptom associations between these disorders. METHODS: Data comes from a sample of 909 Australian adults with a lifetime history of trauma and depressive symptoms. Data analysis consisted of the construction of two comorbidity networks of PTSD/MDD with and without overlapping symptoms, identification of the bridging symptoms, and computation of the centrality measures...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710001/trauma-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-dissociative-experiences-during-men-s-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration
#20
Adam D LaMotte, Christopher M Murphy
Objective: Research with partner-violent men has found that a subset of this population reports dissociative experiences during their violence (e.g., inability to remember violence [despite admission that it had occurred]; flashbacks during violence). However, the literature examining this phenomenon has been primarily limited to clinical observations and case studies, and there is a need for more thorough empirical investigation regarding the prevalence and correlates of dissociative violence among individuals in intimate partner violence (IPV) intervention programs...
October 6, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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