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Daniela Rabellino, Sherain Harricharan, Paul A Frewen, Dalila Burin, Margaret C McKinnon, Ruth A Lanius
BACKGROUND: Early traumatic experiences are thought to be causal factors in the development of trauma-related dissociative experiences, including depersonalization and derealization. The rubber hand illusion (RHI), a well-known paradigm that measures multi-sensorial integration of a rubber hand into one's own body representation, has been used to investigate alterations in the experience of body ownership and of body representation. Critically, however, it has never been studied in individuals with trauma-related disorders...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Shu-Fen Wu, Shu-Ling Hung, Hsing-Yu Yang, Hong-Yu Tung
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the level of PTSS and to identify demographics, disease history, and clinical symptoms that were associated with PTSS among gynecological, breast, or colorectal cancer patients in Taiwan. BACKGROUND: Literature indicated that 7.3 % to 35.2% of patients with cancer had experienced level of post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). However, the PTSS among patients with cancer in Taiwan was not documented. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Zheming Li, Joakim Rosell, Marcus Aldén, Mattias Richter
Spatially and temporally resolved measurements are of great importance in turbulent premixed flame studies, especially when investigating rapid processes such as when flame local extinction, re-ignition, or flashback occur in a reacting flow. Here, an experimental approach for simultaneously probing two different species at high frame rates (50 kHz) is presented by employing a multi-YAG laser system. The laser radiation at 355 nm generated by a multi-YAG laser system was split into two beam paths: one beam for exciting formaldehyde and the other for pumping an optical parametric oscillator (OPO)...
November 18, 2016: Applied Spectroscopy
John H Halpern, Arturo G Lerner, Torsten Passie
Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD) is rarely encountered in clinical settings. It is described as a re-experiencing of some perceptual distortions induced while intoxicated and suggested to subsequently cause functional impairment or anxiety. Two forms exist: Type 1, which are brief "flashbacks," and Type 2 claimed to be chronic, waxing, and waning over months to years. A review of HPPD is presented. In addition, data from a comprehensive survey of 20 subjects reporting Type-2 HPPD-like symptoms are presented and evaluated...
November 8, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
Mohammad H Afzali, Matthew Sunderland, Maree Teesson, Natacha Carragher, Katherine Mills, Tim Slade
BACKGROUND: The role of symptom overlap between major depressive disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in comorbidity between two disorders is unclear. The current study applied network analysis to map the structure of symptom associations between these disorders. METHODS: Data comes from a sample of 909 Australian adults with a lifetime history of trauma and depressive symptoms. Data analysis consisted of the construction of two comorbidity networks of PTSD/MDD with and without overlapping symptoms, identification of the bridging symptoms, and computation of the centrality measures...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Adam D LaMotte, Christopher M Murphy
Objective: Research with partner-violent men has found that a subset of this population reports dissociative experiences during their violence (e.g., inability to remember violence [despite admission that it had occurred]; flashbacks during violence). However, the literature examining this phenomenon has been primarily limited to clinical observations and case studies, and there is a need for more thorough empirical investigation regarding the prevalence and correlates of dissociative violence among individuals in intimate partner violence (IPV) intervention programs...
October 6, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Heather L Nickrand, Cara M Brock
BACKGROUND: Although loss of loved ones is a universal experience, individuals who experience this loss grieve in different ways. Complicated grief involves the development of trauma symptoms, such as flashbacks, anxiety, and fear associated with daily activities after a death that disrupts the healthy grieving process. Daily activities such as eating, meal planning, grocery shopping, managing finances, and household maintenance can become painful and isolating for those experiencing complicated grief...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Ionara Rabelo, Virginia Lee, Mosoka P Fallah, Moses Massaquoi, Iro Evlampidou, Rosa Crestani, Tom Decroo, Rafael Van den Bergh, Nathalie Severy
INTRODUCTION: A consequence of the West Africa Ebola outbreak 2014-2015 was the unprecedented number of Ebola survivors discharged from the Ebola Treatment Units (ETUs). Liberia alone counted over 5,000 survivors. We undertook a qualitative study in Monrovia to better understand the mental distress experienced by survivors during hospitalization and reintegration into their community. METHODS: Purposively selected Ebola survivors from ELWA3, the largest ETU in Liberia, were invited to join focus group discussions...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
Hermann A M Mucke
Among the psychedelic drugs that enjoyed a period of popularity in psychiatric research during the 1950s and 1960s, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is the most prominent one. Psychiatrists of that time had seen LSD not only as a tool for psychotherapy but also as a potential therapeutic for anxiety, depression, alcohol abuse, autism, and even schizophrenia. When it became a quasi-religious epitome of the Hippie counterculture in the mid 1960s, and cases of what we now call hallucinogen persisting perception disorder and acute psychotic "flashbacks" mounted, authorities moved to make LSD illegal...
July 8, 2016: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
Marcelo Montagner Rigoli, Gustavo Ramos Silva, Fernando Rainho de Oliveira, Giovanni Kuckartz Pergher, Christian Haag Kristensen
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a highly prevalent disorder with important social consequences. Several models have been developed with the aim of understanding the mechanisms underlying its symptoms. Intrusions are idiosyncratic symptoms that commonly take the form of involuntary recollection of images or flashbacks about the traumatic event. OBJECTIVE: To review how memory is conceptualized in each of these models and the implications for clinical practice...
June 27, 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Andreas Laddis, Paul F Dell, Marilyn Korzekwa
A total of 75 patients were diagnosed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders-Revised as having dissociative identity disorder (DID), and 100 patients were diagnosed with the Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality as having borderline personality disorder (BPD). Both groups were administered the Multidimensional Inventory of Dissociation (MID). DID patients had significantly higher MID scores than BPD patients, different distributions of MID scores, and different MID subscale profiles in 3 ranges of MID scores (0-15, 15-30, 30-45)...
May 31, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Brian K Barber, Clea A McNeely, Eyad El Sarraj, Mahmoud Daher, Rita Giacaman, Cairo Arafat, William Barnes, Mohammed Abu Mallouh
PURPOSE: This mixed-methods exploratory study identified and then developed and validated a quantitative measure of a new construct of mental suffering in the occupied Palestinian territory: feeling broken or destroyed. METHODS: Group interviews were conducted in 2011 with 68 Palestinians, most aged 30-40, in the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip to discern local definitions of functioning. Interview participants articulated of a type of suffering not captured in existing mental health instruments used in regions of political conflict...
2016: PloS One
C Mole
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Psychological Medicine
María F Coronel, Florencia Labombarda, Susana L González
The present review discusses the potential role of neurosteroids/neuroactive steroids in the regulation of nociceptive and neuropathic pain, and recapitulates the current knowledge on the main mechanisms involved in the reduction of pain, especially those occurring at the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, a crucial site for nociceptive processing. We will make special focus on progesterone and its derivative allopregnanolone, which have been shown to exert remarkable actions in order to prevent or reverse the maladaptive changes and pain behaviors that arise after nervous system damage in various experimental neuropathic conditions...
June 2016: Steroids
Jens Knud Larsen
LSD was introduced in psychiatry in the 1950s. Between 1960 and 1973, nearly 400 patients were treated with LSD in Denmark. By 1964, one homicide, two suicides and four suicide attempts had been reported. In 1986 the Danish LSD Damages Law was passed after complaints by only one patient. According to the Law, all 154 applicants received financial compensation for LSD-inflicted harm. The Danish State Archives has preserved the case material of 151 of the 154 applicants. Most of the patients suffered from severe side effects of the LSD treatment many years afterwards...
June 2016: History of Psychiatry
Heather B MacIntosh, Kara Fletcher, Delphine Collin-Vézina
This study was a thematic analysis of transcripts of interviews of child sexual abuse survivors discussing their experiences of recovered memories. This study included 27 English-speaking participants from 3 major Canadian cities: Montreal, Toronto, and Ottawa. Seven participants identified as male and 20 as female. Participants ranged in age from 31 to 69 with a mean age of 47. The educational background of participants ranged from 9th grade to doctoral levels. Out of the sample of 27, 21 participants reported some period of amnesia for their CSA experiences...
2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
Sara A Jahnke, Walker S Carlos Poston, Christopher K Haddock, Beth Murphy
BACKGROUND: Firefighters must be ready to respond to a broad range of emergencies every duty day. In the course of many of these emergencies, firefighters witness events which have the potential to induce emotional trauma, such as badly injured people, deceased children, and individuals who are highly distraught. Previous research suggests that repeated exposure to these traumas (RET) may have negative impacts on the emotional and mental health of fire service personnel. Research on the mental health of firefighters has been limited to small surveys reporting the prevalence of specific mental health problems such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder among firefighters...
February 15, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Atilla Tekin, Hekim Karadağ, Metin Süleymanoğlu, Merve Tekin, Yusuf Kayran, Gökay Alpak, Vedat Şar
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression are common among populations displaced due to large-scale political conflicts and war. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence and gender-based differences in symptoms of PTSD and depression among Iraqi Yazidis displaced into Turkey. METHOD: The study was conducted on 238 individuals who were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I) and the Stressful Life Events Screening Questionnaire...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Loizos Christodoulou, Lipika Kabiraj, Aditya Saurabh, Nader Karimi
In this paper, it is shown that prior to flashback, small dynamical changes appear in the system. These changes appear as a drift in the recurrence plots and are found to be associated with a gradual increase in the determinism and recurrence rate. Thus, this study indicates that precursors to flame flashback exist and can be detected in the multidimensional phase space reconstructed from pressure measurements acquired during flashback. This observation could have broad academic as well as industrial implications...
January 2016: Chaos
E J Bromet, M J Hobbs, S A P Clouston, A Gonzalez, R Kotov, B J Luft
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic symptomatology is one of the signature effects of the pernicious exposures endured by responders to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster of 11 September 2001 (9/11), but the long-term extent of diagnosed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its impact on quality of life are unknown. This study examines the extent of DSM-IV PTSD 11-13 years after the disaster in WTC responders, its symptom profiles and trajectories, and associations of active, remitted and partial PTSD with exposures, physical health and psychosocial well-being...
March 2016: Psychological Medicine
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