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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332547/the-psychology-of-the-politics-of-rape-political-ideology-moral-foundations-and-attitudes-toward-rape
#1
Michael D Barnett, Emily N Hilz
Previous research has found that conservatives and liberals emphasize different moral foundations. The purpose of these two studies was to investigate whether moral foundations mediate the relationship between political ideology and attitudes toward rape among U.S. college students. In Study 1, moral foundations fully mediated the relationship between political ideology and rape myth acceptance. Study 2 generally replicated the results of Study 1, with binding foundations demonstrating the most consistent mediating effects...
May 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332529/alcohol-related-victim-behavior-and-rape-myth-acceptance-as-predictors-of-victim-blame-in-sexual-assault-cases
#2
Mónica Romero-Sánchez, Barbara Krahé, Miguel Moya, Jesús L Megías
Two studies analyzed the influence of victim behavior, drink type, and observer rape myth acceptance (RMA) on attributions of blame to victims of sexual assault. In Study 1, people higher in RMA blamed the victim more when she accepted rather than rejected the aggressor's invitation to buy her a drink. In Study 2, we analyzed if the effects depended on who offered the invitation for a drink (a friend or aggressor). RMA was more closely related to victim blame when she accepted (vs. rejected) the offer of a drink from the aggressor...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295008/undergraduate-men-s-self-reports-of-sexual-assault-and-perceptions-of-college-campus-acquaintance-rape
#3
M Colleen McDaniel, Dario N Rodriguez
Acquaintance rape is distressingly common on college campuses. Differing models of the perpetration of sexual assault make diverging predictions regarding the degree to which individual differences may distinguish among such sexual offenders and nonoffenders. Much research investigating these issues has primarily sampled students from large, commuter colleges. Such data may not generalize to students in other university settings (e.g., private schools, students in university housing). The present study sought to examine the rate of self-reported sexual assault among college men at a private school at which most students live in university housing...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294942/the-interaction-between-observer-sex-and-sexual-identity-on-attributions-of-blame-with-a-heterosexual-female-victim
#4
Bridget K Diamond-Welch, Olivia Mann, Melissa L Bass, Craig Tollini
This article examines the difference in blame attribution between men and women, heterosexuals and homosexuals, and heterosexual males, heterosexual females, gay males, and lesbians in response to a vignette depicting the acquaintance rape of a heterosexual female ( n = 177). While the levels of empathy for the victim and blaming of the perpetrator were high for every group and blaming of the victim and rape myth acceptance were low for every group, some important trends emerged. Consistent with previous research, women reported higher rates of empathy for the victim, lower rape myth acceptance, and lower victim blaming than did men...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294935/intervening-in-a-sketchy-situation-exploring-the-moral-motivations-of-college-bystanders-of-sexual-assault
#5
Samuel C Gable, Sharon Lamb, Madeline Brodt, Leah Atwell
This mixed-methods research explored the moral motivations of undergraduates who identified as bystanders in a situation of potential sexual assault. In the quantitative analysis, we examined the difference between interveners and noninterveners with regard to their scores on the Moral Foundations Questionnaire-30 Item (MFQ-30), which considers five moral foundations from Moral Foundations Theory (MFT) of care/harm, fairness/cheating, loyalty/betrayal, authority/subversion, and sanctity/degradation, as well as measures of bystander attitudes (BAS-R) and rape-myth acceptance (IRMA, modified)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294932/rape-myth-acceptance-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-mostly-heterosexual-college-students
#6
Meredith G F Worthen
Although there is a wealth of existing research on various correlates and patterns of rape myth acceptance (RMA), including how RMA relates to homophobia (i.e., antigay and antilesbian perspectives) and negativity toward lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) men and women rape victims, no research to date has specifically focused on RMA among LGB and "mostly heterosexual" men and women. The current study examines how gender, sexual identity, personal experiences with rape (i.e., knowing/being a survivor), feminist identity, patriarchal gender norms, attitudes toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, and the interactions among these relate to LGB college students' ( n = 389; 24% gay/lesbian, 19% bisexual, 57% mostly heterosexual) RMA using the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale-Short Form...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294924/an-empirical-exploration-into-the-measurement-of-rape-culture
#7
Nicole L Johnson, Dawn M Johnson
Feminist scholars have long argued the presence of a "rape culture" within the United States; however, limited efforts have been made to quantify this construct. A model of rape culture was first proposed in 1980 and expanded in the 1990s in an effort to quantify rape myth acceptance. This model posits that five underlying components make up a rape culture: traditional gender roles, sexism, adversarial sexual beliefs, hostility toward women, and acceptance of violence. Although these components are proposed as cultural phenomenon and thus distinct from individually held beliefs, they have been exclusively explored on an individual level...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294839/blame-attributions-in-multiple-perpetrator-rape-cases-the-impact-of-sympathy-consent-force-and-beliefs
#8
Kerstin Adolfsson, Leif A Strömwall, Sara Landström
Victims of multiple perpetrator rape (MPR) have been found to be an especially vulnerable group. This study examined effects of MPR and perpetrators' use of force on attributions of victim and perpetrator blame. In two large experiments (total N = 2,928), Swedish community members read scenarios depicting an MPR and subsequently made several ratings of blame, rape myth acceptance (RMA), just world beliefs, sympathy for the victim, perception of consent, and trust in the legal system. Data were analyzed with a multianalytical approach using both analyses of variance as well as exploratory analyses...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294676/religiousness-and-rape-myth-acceptance-risk-and-protective-effects
#9
Samantha Ensz, Peter J Jankowski
This study addressed the lack of research simultaneously examining multiple dimensions of religiousness when predicting rape myth acceptance, and extended prior findings of a mediating role for right-wing authoritarianism (i.e., uncritical submission to authority and aggressive attitude toward those who do not conform to social norms) in the association between religiousness and prejudice. The sample consisted of 99 undergraduate and graduate students ( M age = 31.87 years, 66.7% female, 80.82% White, and 93% Christian affiliated) from a religiously affiliated university in the Midwest United States...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195520/police-officers-rape-myth-acceptance-examining-the-role-of-officer-characteristics-estimates-of-false-reporting-and-social-desirability-bias
#10
Rachel M Venema
This study examines police officers' perceptions of sexual assault and those who report sexual assault to the police, using a revised version of the Rape Myth Acceptance Scale along with a measure of social desirability bias. The study includes survey responses from 174 officers from 1 mid-sized police department in the Great Lakes region. Results show low to moderate levels of rape myth acceptance scores on the Rape Myth Acceptance Scale, with highest scores related to victim lying. Officers report very high estimates of false reporting, indicating some rape myth acceptance...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131332/the-impact-of-rape-acknowledgment-on-survivor-outcomes-the-moderating-effects-of-rape-myth-acceptance
#11
Laura C Wilson, Amie R Newins, Susan W White
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about how rape acknowledgment relates to posttrauma functioning; recent research suggests the effect may depend on additional factors. In the current study, the moderating effect of rape myth acceptance (RMA) on the relationships between rape acknowledgment and mental health outcomes was examined. METHOD: A sample of 181 female rape survivors recruited from a university completed an online survey assessing RMA, rape acknowledgment, depression symptoms, and alcohol use...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983927/when-less-is-more-psychometric-properties-of-norwegian-short-forms-of%C3%A2-the-ambivalent-sexism-scales-asi-and-ami-and-the-illinois-rape-myth-acceptance-irma-scale
#12
Mons Bendixen, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair
This paper reports on the development and the psychometric properties of short forms of Ambivalent Sexism Scales toward women (ASI; Glick & Fiske, 1996) and men (AMI; Glick & Fiske, 1999), and a scale measuring rape stereotypes (IRMA; McMahon & Farmer, 2011). The short form AMI/ASI were applied for examining gender and educational differences in university students (N = 512) and in high school students (N = 1381), and for predicting individual differences in rape stereotypes in the latter. The short forms demonstrated good to excellent psychometric properties across samples of emerging adults...
October 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969492/national-comparisons-of-rape-myth-acceptance-predictors-between-nonathletes-and-athletes-from-multi-institutional-settings
#13
John C Navarro, Richard Tewksbury
Athletes are cited as common perpetrators of sexual victimization and are at greater risk of becoming offenders compared with nonathletes. Demographic, lifestyle, and social characteristics of 624 nonathletes and 101 athletes from 21 U.S. Division I postsecondary educational institutions were assessed, with the updated Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance scale gauging endorsement of rape myths. Results indicate that athletes and nonathletes were similar in the degree of rape myth acceptance, with athletes reporting stronger agreement with rape myths than nonathletes did...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921576/rape-myth-acceptance-in-sexually-assaulted-adolescents-school-contexts-associations-with-depressed-mood-and-alcohol-use
#14
Emily R Dworkin, Stephanie N Sessarego, Samantha L Pittenger, Katie M Edwards, Victoria L Banyard
High school students exposed to sexual assault (SA) are at risk for negative outcomes like depressed mood and high-risk drinking. Although evidence suggests that both social contexts and internalized stigma can affect recovery from SA, no research to date has directly examined the presence of stigma in social contexts such as high schools as a correlate of adjustment after SA. In this study, the self-reported rape myth acceptance (RMA) of 3080 students from 97 grade cohorts in 25 high schools was used to calculate grade-mean and school-mean RMA, which was entered into multilevel models predicting depressed mood and alcohol use among N = 263 SA survivors within those schools...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854124/-i-believe-what-i-see-college-students-use-of-media-issue-engagement-and-perceived-responsibility-regarding-campus-sexual-assault
#15
Jo-Yun Li, Sei-Hill Kim, Jane O'Boyle
The topic of campus sexual assault has received much media attention recently, prompting scholars to examine media effects on students' attitudes and behaviors. A survey of 567 American college students examined how their media exposure is related to issue engagement, perceived responsibility, and acceptance of rape myths. Results indicated that reading newspaper stories about campus sexual assault might contribute to college students' victim blaming. Among other media channels examined, social media were found to be highly correlated with students' engagement with the issue...
September 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529364/rape-is-it-a-lifestyle-or-behavioral-problem
#16
Zeel N Kamdar, Jayendrakumar K Kosambiya, Bansari L Chawada, Mamtarani Verma, Abhinav Kadia
INTRODUCTION: In India, girl is raped every 20 min. The majority of reports reveals youth is vulnerable group for rape victimization. A set of prejudicial, stereotyped, or false beliefs about rape, rape victims, and rapist exist in the community. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: To study the attitude and myths toward rape among college going students of Surat City. MATERIALS AND METHODS: College students of various streams were participated in the study based on attitude toward rape scale (21 items) and updated Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (22 items)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525431/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-prenursing-and-nursing-students-about-sexual-assault
#17
Judith L Strunk
Sexual assault has been identified as a major public health problem in the United States, yet little research has been done regarding nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault. Lack of knowledge, or victim-blaming attitudes held by healthcare providers can be problematic for the care of the sexual assault victim, leaving them feeling upset and distressed after the healthcare encounter. Prenursing and nursing students were surveyed about their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356612/contact-with-counter-stereotypical-women-predicts-less-sexism-less-rape-myth-acceptance-less-intention-to-rape-in-men-and-less-projected-enjoyment-of-rape-in-women
#18
Miriam Taschler, Keon West
Intergroup contact-(positive) interactions with people from different social groups-is a widely researched and strongly supported prejudice-reducing mechanism shown to reduce prejudice against a wide variety of outgroups. However, no known previous research has investigated whether intergroup contact can also reduce sexism against women. Sexism has an array of negative outcomes. One of the most detrimental and violent ones is rape, which is both justified and downplayed by rape myth acceptance. We hypothesised that more frequent, higher quality contact with counter-stereotypical women would predict lower levels of sexism and thus less rape myth acceptance (in men) and less sexualised projected responses to rape (in women)...
2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099723/rape-myth-acceptance-among-students-at-the-university-of-cape-coast-ghana
#19
Sarah D Rominski, Eugene Darteh, Michelle Munro-Kramer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837183/correlates-of-disclosure-cessation-after-sexual-assault
#20
Emily R Dworkin, Nicole Allen
Contacts with responders after sexual assault may influence further disclosure, but this possibility has not been explored empirically. Thus, this study investigates associations between survivors' contacts with responders and their decisions to discontinue disclosure. Fifty-four college students with a history of unwanted sexual experiences described 94 ordered contacts with responders. Results indicate that survivors' perceptions of responsiveness were not associated with continued disclosure, but survivors were more likely to continue disclosing when they perceived more rape myth acceptance from responders and when the assault was more recent...
November 10, 2016: Violence Against Women
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