keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

alcohol education

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088743/socioeconomic-differences-in-adolescent-substance-abuse-treatment-participation-and-long-term-outcomes
#1
Camillia K Lui, Stacy A Sterling, Felicia W Chi, Yun Lu, Cynthia I Campbell
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been consistently linked to poorer access, utilization and outcomes of health care services, but this relationship has been understudied in adolescent substance abuse treatment research. This study examined SES differences in adolescent's treatment participation and long-term outcomes of abstinence and 12-step attendance over five years after treatment. Data are from 358 adolescents (ages 13-18) who were recruited at intake to substance abuse treatment between 2000 and 2002 at four Kaiser Permanente Northern California outpatient treatment programs...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088742/patterns-of-drug-use-and-hiv-infection-among-adults-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#2
Stephanie Shiau, Stephen M Arpadi, Michael T Yin, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Little is known about drug use patterns among people living with HIV in comparison to an uninfected group in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between legal and illegal drug use and HIV infection in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States. METHODS: Public use data files (2005-2014) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were used. Respondents were asked whether a medical professional had ever told them that they had HIV/AIDS...
January 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088538/perceived-parental-alcohol-problems-and-drinking-patterns-in-youth-a-cross-sectional-study-of-69-030-secondary-education-students-in-denmark
#3
Veronica S C Pisinger, Charlotte A Holst, Pernille Bendtsen, Ulrik Becker, Janne S Tolstrup
The aim of the study was to examine whether young people with parental alcohol problems have different drinking patterns than those without parental alcohol problems. Further, we examined whether the association between parental alcohol problems and young people's drinking patterns differed depending on the gender of the child and the parent, and whether more severe parental alcohol problems and cohabitation with the parent with alcohol problems was associated with earlier and heavier drinking patterns. Data came from the Danish National Youth Study 2014, a web-based national survey...
January 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088111/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-screener-gad-7-based-on-a-large-german-general-population-sample
#4
Andreas Hinz, Annette M Klein, Elmar Brähler, Heide Glaesmer, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Kerstin Wirkner, Anja Hilbert
BACKGROUND: The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scales GAD-7 and GAD-2 are instruments for the assessment of anxiety. The aims of this study are to test psychometric properties of these questionnaires, to provide normative values, and to investigate associations with sociodemographic factors, quality of life, psychological variables, and behavioral factors. METHODS: A German community sample (n=9721) with an age range of 18-80 years was surveyed using the GAD-7 and several other questionnaires...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#5
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078788/violence-involvement-among-nightlife-patrons-the-relative-role-of-demographics-and-substance-use
#6
Trond Nordfjaern
The nightlife setting is a risk context for violence involvement that ultimately may cause severe injuries and fatalities. Few studies have examined associations between alcohol and illicit substance use with physical violence involvement among nightlife patrons. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relative role of demographics and substance use characteristics for nightlife violence involvement among Norwegian nightlife patrons. A cross-sectional self-completion survey was conducted outside 12 licensed premises in Oslo (n = 1099, response rate = 76%) and each respondent's BAC level was measured by a breathalyzer and registered on the questionnaire...
January 12, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078169/a-survey-of-energy-drink-consumption-patterns-among-college-students-at-a-mostly-hispanic-university
#7
Ernesto Cabezas-Bou, Jeidiel De León-Arbucias, Nikol Matos-Vergara, Yocasta Álvarez-Bagnarol, Jesús Ortega-Guzmán, Karla Narváez-Pérez, Nelson D Cruz-Bermúdez, Manuel Díaz-Ríos
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine energy drink (ED) consumption patterns among Hispanic college students. We measured the prevalence and frequency of ED consumption according to gender, degree programs, and specific university-related and social situations. In addition, we assessed the frequency of consumption of EDs mixed with alcoholic beverages. Methods: A total of 508 college students from the University of Puerto Rico, the largest Hispanic institution of higher education statewide, completed an online questionnaire...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Caffeine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077222/prediction-of-relapse-after-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-of-gambling-disorder-in-individuals-with-chronic-schizophrenia-a-survival-analysis
#8
Enrique Echeburúa, Montserrat Gómez, Montserrat Freixa
Gambling disorder (GD) in individuals with chronic schizophrenia is relevant because there are higher rates of GD in schizophrenic populations (10%) than in the nonschizophrenic population (1%-5%). In addition, these patients have more severe alcohol use disorder (i.e., meeting at least 6 of the DSM-5 11 criteria for diagnosis of this disorder), higher depression scores, a poor adherence to treatment, and more frequent use of outpatient mental health care. One of the main problems in GD is therapeutic failure (defined as three or more lapse episodes during treatment) or relapse (three or more lapse episodes in the follow-up period)...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076632/-emma-study-a-brazilian-community-based-cohort-study-of-stroke-mortality-and-morbidity
#9
Alessandra Carvalho Goulart
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Stroke has a high burden of disability and mortality. The aim here was to evaluate epidemiology, risk factors and prognosis for stroke in the EMMA Study (Study of Stroke Mortality and Morbidity). DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Prospective community-based cohort carried out in Hospital Universitário, University of São Paulo, 2006-2014. METHODS: Stroke data based on fatal and non-fatal events were assessed, including sociodemographic data, mortality and predictors, which were evaluated by means of logistic regression and survival analyses...
November 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074571/screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-implementation-barriers-facilitators-and-model-migration
#10
Janice Vendetti, Amanda Gmyrek, Donna Damon, Manu Singh, Bonnie McRee, Frances Del Boca
AIMS: To identify barriers and facilitators associated with initial implementation of a US alcohol and other substance use Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) grant program, and to identify modifications in program design that addressed implementation challenges. DESIGN: A mixed-method approach used quantitative and qualitative data, including SBIRT provider ratings of implementation barriers and facilitators, staff interview responses and program documentation...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073952/alcohol-and-coronary-artery-calcification-an-investigation-using-alcohol-flushing-as-an-instrumental-variable
#11
Kyung Eun Yun, Yoosoo Chang, Sung-Cheol Yun, George Davey Smith, Seungho Ryu, Sung-Il Cho, Eun Chul Chung, Hocheol Shin, Young-Ho Khang
BACKGROUND: We examined whether alcohol flushing could be used as an instrumental variable (IV) and investigated the effect of alcohol consumption on coronary calcification using alcohol flushing status as an IV. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data from 24 681 Korean adults (20 696 men and 3985 women) who had been administered a questionnaire assessing alcohol consumption and alcohol flushing, as well as a coronary artery calcium (CAC) measurement. The associations of alcohol flushing status with potential confounders and alcohol consumption were examined...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072926/relationship-between-marital-transitions-health-behaviors-and-health-indicators-of-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#12
Randa M Kutob, Nicole P Yuan, Betsy C Wertheim, David A Sbarra, Eric B Loucks, Rami Nassir, Gihan Bareh, Mimi M Kim, Linda G Snetselaar, Cynthia A Thomson
BACKGROUND: Historically, marital status has been associated with lower mortality and transitions into marriage were generally accompanied by improved health status. Conversely, divorce has been associated with increased mortality, possibly mediated by changes in health behaviors. METHODS: This study uses data from a prospective cohort of 79,094 postmenopausal women participating in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS) to examine the relationship between marital transition and health indicators (blood pressure, waist circumference, body mass index [BMI]) as well as health behaviors (diet pattern, alcohol use, physical activity, and smoking) in a sample of relatively healthy and employed women...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072708/life-threatening-motor-vehicle-crashes-in-bright-sunlight
#13
Donald A Redelmeier, Sheharyar Raza
: Bright sunlight may create visual illusions that lead to driver error, including fallible distance judgment from aerial perspective. We tested whether the risk of a life-threatening motor vehicle crash was increased when driving in bright sunlight.This longitudinal, case-only, paired-comparison analysis evaluated patients hospitalized because of a motor vehicle crash between January 1, 1995 and December 31, 2014. The relative risk of a crash associated with bright sunlight was estimated by evaluating the prevailing weather at the time and place of the crash compared with the weather at the same hour and location on control days a week earlier and a week later...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071621/assessment-of-the-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-efficacy-of-screening-for-oral-head-and-neck-potential-malignant-lesions-in-apparently-healthy-adults-in-jos-nigeria
#14
A A Adoga, O A Silas, J P Yaro, E T Okwori, A A Iduh, C J Mgbachi
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of screening for oral, head and neck cancers (HNCs) in adequately identifying high-risk groups is controversial. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to review our experience with a free oral, HNC-screening program to determine the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants and the effectiveness of this program to improve future programs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional survey of participants in a free oral, HNC screening exercise was performed in the years 2009, 2012, and 2013...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069684/weight-fluctuation-and-cancer-risk-in-post-menopausal-women-the-women-s-health-initiative
#15
Laura M Welti, Daniel P Beavers, Bette J Caan, Haleh Sangi-Haghpekar, Mara Z Vitolins, Kristen M Beavers
BACKGROUND: Weight cycling, defined by an intentional weight loss and subsequent regain, commonly occurs in overweight and obese women and is associated with some negative health outcomes. We examined the role of various weight-change patterns during early to mid- adulthood and associated risk of highly prevalent, obesity-related cancers (breast, endometrial, colorectal) in postmenopausal women. METHODS: 80,943 postmenopausal women (age: 63.4±7.4 years) in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study were categorized by self-reported weight change (weight stable; weight gain; lost weight; weight cycled [1-3, 4-6, 7-10, >10 times]) during early to mid- adulthood (18-50 years)...
January 9, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064151/supervised-disulfiram-s-superior-effectiveness-in-alcoholism-treatment-ethical-methodological-and-psychological-aspects
#16
REVIEW
Colin Brewer, Emmanuel Streel, Marilyn Skinner
Disulfiram (DSF) causes the ALDH-mediated deterrence of alcohol consumption. We review recent meta-analyses showing the superior effectiveness of supervised disulfiram (SD) in alcoholism treatment compared with oral naltrexone or acamprosate (ACP). The success of SD is also consistent with the almost complete absence of alcoholism in Japanese homozygotes for 'inefficient' ALDH. However, SD is an underused treatment and some clinicians have ethical objections to DSF. We examine these objections and argue that they are based on a misunderstanding of how DSF works...
January 7, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063879/the-effect-of-vishram-a-grass-roots-community-based-mental-health-programme-on-the-treatment-gap-for-depression-in-rural-communities-in-india-a-population-based-study
#17
Rahul Shidhaye, Vaibhav Murhar, Siddharth Gangale, Luke Aldridge, Rahul Shastri, Rachana Parikh, Ritu Shrivastava, Suvarna Damle, Tasneem Raja, Abhijit Nadkarni, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: VISHRAM was a community-based mental health programme with the goal of addressing the mental health risk factors for suicide in people from 30 villages in the Amravati district in Vidarbha, central India. We aimed to assess whether implementation of VISHRAM was associated with an increase in the proportion of people with depression who sought treatment (contact coverage). METHODS: A core strategy of VISHRAM was to increase the demand for care by enhancing mental health literacy and to improve the supply of evidence-based interventions for depression and alcohol-use disorders...
January 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063392/differences-in-the-verbal-fluency-working-memory-and-executive-functions-in-alcoholics-short-term-vs-long-term-abstainers
#18
Katarzyna Nowakowska-Domagała, Karolina Jabłkowska-Górecka, Łukasz Mokros, Jacek Koprowicz, Tadeusz Pietras
The aim of the study was to assess differences in verbal fluency, working memory and executive functions in two subgroups of alcohol-dependent patients, those undergoing short-term abstinence (STA) and those undergoing long-term abstinence (LTA), and to compare the level of cognitive functions in patients after long-term abstinence with healthy subjects. The study group consisted of 106 alcohol-dependent patients (53 immediately after drinking at least 3 days and 53 after at least one-year abstinence). The control group comprised 53 subjects, whose age, sex and education levels matched those of the patients in the experimental group...
December 27, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063241/health-risk-factors-associated-with-lifetime-abstinence-from-alcohol-in-the-1979-national-longitudinal-survey-of-youth-cohort
#19
William C Kerr, Camillia K Lui, Edwina Williams, Yu Ye, Thomas K Greenfield, E Anne Lown
BACKGROUND: The choice and definition of a comparison group in alcohol-related health studies remains a prominent issue in alcohol epidemiology due to potential biases in the risk estimates. The most commonly used comparison group has been current abstainers; however, this includes former drinkers who may have quit drinking due to health problems. Lifetime abstention could be the best option, but measurement issues, selection biases due to health and other risk factors, and small numbers in populations are important concerns...
January 7, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060916/nocturia-is-associated-with-slipping-and-falling
#20
So Young Kim, Woojin Bang, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
Several reports have demonstrated associations between falls and nocturia in the elderly. However, little information is available regarding other age groups. This study evaluated the relationship between the frequency of nocturia and falls in men using a large, population-based survey in Korea, and the results were adjusted for various confounding factors. Data from a 2011 Korean community health survey (KCHS) were retrieved for 92,660 men aged 19 to 103 years. Information regarding the history of slips or falls in the past year was collected...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
91285
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"