keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

alcohol education

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526939/awareness-of-cancer-signs-and-barriers-to-help-seeking-a-national-survey
#1
Mohammad Al Qadire
About 27% of cancer patients in Jordan are discovered in advanced stages; this resulted in poor prognosis and survival rates. One possible cause of late presentation is lack of awareness of warning signs and risk factors of cancer. The purpose of this study is to identify the level of awareness of cancer warning signs, risk factors, and barriers to seeking medical advice among the Jordanian public. A cross-sectional survey design was used. A convenience sample of 2292 participants from the Jordanian public was included in the study...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526258/sleep-duration-and-the-associated-cardiometabolic-risk-scores-in-adults
#2
Thirumagal Kanagasabai, Jean-Philippe Chaput
OBJECTIVES: To identify the sleep duration associated with the lowest cardiometabolic risk score in adults and to determine if the association varies by subgroups (eg, sex, age groups, ethnicity, and smoking status). DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the 2005-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. SETTING: Non-institutionalized civil sample from the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Age ≥20 y (N=8827) with sleep and cardiometabolic health data...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525996/cancer-risks-in-a-population-based-study-of-70-570-agricultural-workers-results-from-the-canadian-census-health-and-environment-cohort-canchec
#3
Linda Kachuri, M Anne Harris, Jill S MacLeod, Michael Tjepkema, Paul A Peters, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: Agricultural workers may be exposed to potential carcinogens including pesticides, sensitizing agents and solar radiation. Previous studies indicate increased risks of hematopoietic cancers and decreased risks at other sites, possibly due to differences in lifestyle or risk behaviours. We present findings from CanCHEC (Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort), the largest national population-based cohort of agricultural workers. METHODS: Statistics Canada created the cohort using deterministic and probabilistic linkage of the 1991 Canadian Long Form Census to National Cancer Registry records for 1992-2010...
May 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525612/an-effectiveness-hierarchy-of-preventive-interventions-neglected-paradigm-or-self-evident-truth
#4
Simon Capewell, Ann Capewell
Non-communicable disease prevention strategies usually target the four major risk factors of poor diet, tobacco, alcohol and physical inactivity. Yet, the most effective approaches remain disputed. However, increasing evidence supports the concept of an effectiveness hierarchy. Thus, 'downstream' preventive activities targeting individuals (such as 1:1 personal advice, health education, 'nudge' or primary prevention medications) consistently achieve a smaller population health impact than interventions aimed further 'upstream' (for instance, smoke-free legislation, alcohol minimum pricing or regulations eliminating dietary transfats)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523570/health-behavior-regarding-cardiovascular-diseases-among-nepali-adults
#5
Kritika Poudel, Naomi Sumi
The main aim was to assess Nepali adults' knowledge, health beliefs, and health promoting behaviors regarding cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). A descriptive, cross sectional study was conducted in five wards of Lalitpur Sub-Metropolitan City. A random sample of 300 Nepali individuals aged 20-65 years completed the heart disease knowledge questionnaire and health beliefs related to cardiovascular diseases. The health belief model related to CVDs was used. Sociodemographic and personal information was collected...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523265/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-erectile-dysfunction-among-married-men-in-vietnam
#6
Thang Van Vo, Hue Dinh Hoang, Nhan Phuc Thanh Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Sexuality is an essential part of life; however, erectile dysfunction (ED) has been one of the most common complaints among men with sexual health issues all over the world. ED includes dysfunction in erection and penile erectile pain. In Vietnam, ED is a subject a not readily discussed. Thus, relatively little is known about ED among Vietnamese men. AIMS: To identify the prevalence of ED and its associated variables and the need for treatment of ED among married men in Vietnam...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521730/perceptions-of-problem-drinker-patients-family-members-about-their-own-hazardous-drinking-behaviours-in-chinese-general-hospitals-a-qualitative-study
#7
Chen-Chun Lin, Yun-Fang Tsai, Wen-Ling Yeh, Jung-Ta Kao, Ching-Yen Chen
BACKGROUND: Excessive alcohol use has been associated with health, social and legal problems. Alcohol-related problems have been studied primarily in problem-drinker patients, with few studies on their family members, particularly about their own hazardous or harmful alcohol-drinking behaviours. METHOD: In this qualitative descriptive study, participants were recruited from three hospitals randomly selected from northern and central Taiwan (2:1). Hazardous-drinker patients and their family members were screened using the Chinese version Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (scores ≥8 indicate harmful or hazardous drinkers)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521722/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-and-syphilis-infections-among-military-personnel-in-sierra-leone
#8
Djeneba Audrey Djibo, Foday Sahr, J Allen McCutchan, Sonia Jain, Maria Rosario G Araneta, Stephanie K Brodine, Richard A Shaffer
CONTEXT: HIV and syphilis infections are common in military personnel in sub-Saharan Africa, which impact combat preparedness and increase demands on the military health care system. The prevalence of HIV is estimated at 1.5% among the general population (15-49 years of age) of Sierra Leone, and the estimated syphilis prevalence ranged from 1.5% to 5.2% based on regional studies. We examined the prevalence and risk factors for these two common sexually transmitted infections in the Sierra Leone military personnel...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521713/global-hiv-prevention-testing-and-counseling-in-military-populations
#9
Michael P Grillo, Margo Sloan, Che Wankie, Kelly Woodland, Elizabeth Reader, Bruce Porter, Richard Shaffer, Caroline A Macera, Marc Bulterys
BACKGROUND: Compared with the general population in low- and middle-income countries, military members tend to be male, young, travel more frequently away from their main sexual partners, drink more alcohol and have a consistent source of income. All of these factors may lead to an increased risk of contracting HIV. OBJECTIVE: In response, the Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program advocates for the integration of HIV prevention "building blocks" into military health services to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV among foreign uniformed services...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516817/decreased-but-still-sufficient-iodine-intake-of-children-and-adults-in-the-netherlands
#10
Janneke Verkaik-Kloosterman, Elly J M Buurma-Rethans, Arnold L M Dekkers, Caroline T M van Rossum
Sufficient I intake is important for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, which play an important role in normal growth and development. Our aim was to estimate habitual I intake for the Dutch population and the risk of inadequate or excessive intakes. Further, we aimed to provide an insight into the dietary sources of I and the association with socio-demographic factors. Data from the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey 2007-2010 (n 3819; 7-69 years), and from the Dutch food and supplement composition tables were used to estimate habitual I intake with a calculation model...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515907/factors-influencing-risky-single-occasion-drinking-in-canada-and-policy-implications
#11
Ellen Rafferty, William Ian Andrew Bonner, Jillian Code, Keely McBride, Mustafa Andkhoie, Richa Tikoo, Stephanie McClean, Colleen Dell, Michael Szafron, Marwa Farag
BACKGROUND: Misuse of alcohol, including single risky occasion drinking (RSOD) is associated with a number of health, social and economic consequences. While research demonstrates that many factors contribute to individuals' drinking practices, little is known about risk factors that contribute to RSOD in the Canadian population. The objectives of this study are to examine the patterns of RSOD in Canada, to identify factors associated with RSOD, and to explore policy implications. METHODS: The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) 2009-2010 annual component was used to conduct all the analyses in this paper...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514265/television-viewing-time-and-inflammatory-related-mortality
#12
Megan S Grace, Francis Dillon, Elizabeth Lm Barr, Sarah K Keadle, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan
PURPOSE: Television (TV) viewing time is associated with increased risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality. While TV time is detrimentally associated with key inflammatory markers, the associations of TV time with other inflammatory-related mortality (with a predominant inflammatory, oxidative or infectious component, but not attributable to cancer or cardiovascular causes), are unknown. METHODS: Among 8,933 Australian adults (4,593 never-smokers) from the baseline (1999/2000) Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study (median follow-up, 13...
May 12, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511034/school-collective-occupation-movements-and-substance-use-among-adolescents-a-school-level-panel-design
#13
Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Jay S Kaufman, Esteban Pizarro, José D Marín, Garen Wintemute, Magdalena Cerdá
BACKGROUND: Recently, social movements across the world have demanded reforms to education systems and other institutions. Although such movements have affected large numbers of people across multiple countries, we know little about the impacts they have had on population health. We focus on one example: the massive strikes and collective occupation of secondary schools across Chile, which occurred contemporaneously with a large increase in marijuana use among students in this age group...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511033/comparing-adult-cannabis-treatment-seekers-enrolled-in-a-clinical-trial-with-national-samples-of-cannabis-users-in-the-united-states
#14
Erin A McClure, Jacqueline S King, Aimee Wahle, Abigail G Matthews, Susan C Sonne, Michelle R Lofwall, Aimee L McRae-Clark, Udi E Ghitza, Melissa Martinez, Kasie Cloud, Harvir S Virk, Kevin M Gray
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use rates are increasing among adults in the United States (US) while the perception of harm is declining. This may result in an increased prevalence of cannabis use disorder and the need for more clinical trials to evaluate efficacious treatment strategies. Clinical trials are the gold standard for evaluating treatment, yet study samples are rarely representative of the target population. This finding has not yet been established for cannabis treatment trials. This study compared demographic and cannabis use characteristics of a cannabis cessation clinical trial sample (run through National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network) with three nationally representative datasets from the US; 1) National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2) National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III, and 3) Treatment: Episodes Data Set - Admissions...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510640/increased-risk-of-premature-death-following-teenage-abortion-and-childbirth-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#15
Eerika Jalanko, Suvi Leppälahti, Oskari Heikinheimo, Mika Gissler
Teenage pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of premature death. However, it is not known whether the outcome of pregnancy, i.e. induced abortion or childbirth, affects this risk. A Finnish population-based register study involving a cohort of 13 691 nulliparous teenagers who conceived in 1987-89; 6652 of them underwent induced abortion and 7039 delivered. The control group consisted of 41 012 coeval women without teenage pregnancy. Follow-up started at the end of pregnancy and lasted until 6th June 2013...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509838/long-term-effect-of-a-stigma-reduction-educational-intervention-for-physician-assistants
#16
Kathleen Crapanzano, Richard J Vath
PURPOSE: Stigma towards people with substance use disorders is a common phenomenon with far reaching effects. This study evaluated the long-term effect of using an educational intervention on the attitudes of physician assistant students. METHODS: Physician assistant students received a one-week educational intervention focused on substance abuse. Changes in student attitudes were measured one year later using the Attitude to Mental Health Questionnaire (AMIQ). RESULTS: Significant and sustained improvement was noted in attitudes in the AMIQ score for the opiate use disorder vignette; no significant change was noted in the alcohol use disorder vignette...
June 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506221/the-association-between-urbanization-and-reduced-renal-function-findings-from-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#17
Yosuke Inoue, Annie Green Howard, Amanda L Thompson, Michelle A Mendez, Amy H Herring, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: While chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing public health concern in low- and middle-income countries, such as China, few studies have investigated the association between urbanization and the occurrence of CKD in those countries. METHODS: We investigated the association between urbanization and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), an important CKD risk marker. Data came from the China Health and Nutrition Survey wave 2009, in which we collected fasting serum, individual and household data along with community level urbanization data, which was used to derive a study-specific urbanization measure, in 218 communities across nine provinces...
May 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503508/carbohydrate-composition-associated-with-the-2-year-incidence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adults
#18
Nam H Cho, Ara K Cho, Hyun Kyu Kim, Jong Bae Kim, Kyung Eun Lee, Sung Soo Kim, Yeon-Jung Kim, Hak C Jang, Inkyung Baik
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between macronutrient composition and metabolic syndrome (MetS) incidence in Korean adults. Data were obtained from a cohort of 10,030 members aged 40 to 69 years who were enrolled from the 2 cities (Ansung and Ansan) between 2001 and 2002 to participate in the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study. Of these members, 5,565 participants, who were free of MetS and reported no diagnosis of cardiovascular disease at baseline, were included in this study. MetS was defined using the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III and Asia-Pacific criteria for waist circumference...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501394/-changes-in-hazardous-drinking-in-spanish-adolescent-population-in-the-last-decade-2004-2013-using-a-quantitative-and-qualitative-design
#19
Alejandro Pérez-Milena, Manuel de Dios Redondo-Olmedilla, María Luz Martínez-Fernández, Idoia Jiménez-Pulido, Inmaculada Mesa-Gallardo, Francisco Javier Leal-Helmling
OBJECTIVE: To determine the changes in hazardous drinking in adolescents in the last decade, as well as their motivations and experiences. DESIGN: Firstly, a descriptive design using a self-report questionnaire, and secondly an explanatory qualitative design, with video recordings of discussion groups with content analysis (coding, triangulation of categories and verification of results). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Pupils from an urban High School, administering a questionnaire every 3 years from 2004 to 2013...
May 10, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500922/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-suicide-attempts-among-those-with-mental-and-substance-use-disorders
#20
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti, Steven P Segal
Using the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions data, we examined the associations of ten types of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with (1) lifetime suicide attempts and (2) number and age of attempts among U.S. adults aged 18+. In a case-control design, suicide attempters (5.14% of the full sample) were matched with never attempters (matched sample N=3912) on nine mental and substance use disorders. ACE rates were higher among attempters (3.30 [SE=0.07]) than their matched controls (2...
May 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
keyword
keyword
91285
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"