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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925098/design-and-testing-of-a-smartphone-application-for-real-time-self-tracking-diabetes-self-management-behaviors
#1
Danielle Groat, Hiral Soni, Maria Adela Grando, Bithika Thompson, David Kaufman, Curtiss B Cook
BACKGROUND:  Type 1 diabetes (T1D) care requires multiple daily self-management behaviors (SMBs). Preliminary studies on SMBs rely mainly on self-reported survey and interview data. There is little information on adult T1D SMBs, along with corresponding compensation techniques (CTs), gathered in real-time. OBJECTIVE:  The article aims to use a patient-centered approach to design iDECIDE, a smartphone application that gathers daily diabetes SMBs and CTs related to meal and alcohol intake and exercise in real-time, and contrast patients' actual behaviors against those self-reported with the app...
April 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924835/association-between-dry-eye-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-in-a-korean-adult-population
#2
Sun-Bi Um, Hyungseon Yeom, Na Hyun Kim, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hyung Keun Lee, Il Suh
PURPOSE: This study assessed the association of dry eyes with depression and suicidal ideation in a Korean adult population. METHODS: Data from 16408 participants (6972 men and 9436 women) aged ≥ 19 years included in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted from 2010-2012, were analyzed. For dry eyes, surveys of previous diagnosis of dry eye disease (DED) by an ophthalmologist and experience of subjective dry eye symptoms were separately used...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924801/the-time-has-come-to-eliminate-the-gaps-in-the-under-recognized-burden-of-elder-mistreatment-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-from-rural-eastern-nepal
#3
Uday Narayan Yadav, Man Kumar Tamang, Grish Paudel, Bharat Kafle, Suresh Mehta, Varalakshmi Chandra Sekaran, Jeroen R J H Gruiskens
BACKGROUND: Elder mistreatment is a well-recognized public health issue with complex underlying factors. The current study hypothesized that there is no effect of any of the following factors on any type of elder mistreatment: ethnicity, age group, education status, gender, living arrangement, concentration problems, medication for any disease, income level of caregiver, use of alcohol and tobacco products, and dependence on family or caregivers for daily activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 339 elders adults aged 60 or above residing in a rural part of eastern Nepal between August and November 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923212/statin-medications-and-the-risk-of-gynecomastia
#4
Sean C Skeldon, Bruce Carleton, James Brophy, Mohit Sodhi, Mahyar Etminan
OBJECTIVE: Case reports have suggested an increased risk of gynecomastia with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (i.e. statins). A recent meta-analysis also found that statins decrease circulating testosterone levels in men. We investigated whether statin use was associated with an increased risk of gynecomastia. DESIGN: Case control study. PATIENTS: A cohort of patients from a random sample of 9,053,240 US subjects from the PharMetrics Plus™ health claims database from 2006 to 2016 was created...
June 19, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917174/-disinfection-of-injection-ports-a-systematic-overview-of-optimal-scrub-time
#5
Lars Breimer, Håkan Geijer, Lars Berggren
Central venous catheter bloodstream infections are an important cause of hospital-acquired infection with increased morbidity, mortality and cost. The incidence varies between countries and even hospitals. Needleless connector hubs are used on virtually all intravascular devices and colonization of these is considered the cause of much of the postinsertion catheter-related infections through breaks in aseptic technique and failure to disinfect properly. This systematic review evaluated 165 search hits on hub disinfection practices with particular emphasis on the time of scrubbing the connector for 15 sec but also the impact of measures of education and compliance...
June 15, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916741/combined-sglt1-and-sglt2-inhibitors-and-their-role-in-diabetes-care
#6
Thomas Danne, Torben Biester, Olga Kordonouri
The sodium-glucose cotransporter type 1 (SGLT1) is the primary transporter for absorption of glucose and galactose in the gastrointestinal tract. Inhibition blunts and delays postprandial glucose (PPG) excursion. Sodium-glucose cotransporter type 2 (SGLT2) is expressed in the kidney, where it reabsorbs 90% of filtered glucose. Thus, a dual SGLT1 and SGLT2 inhibition (compared with selective SGLT2 inhibition) could result in lower PPG and robust A1c reduction even in patients with reduced kidney function. Sotagliflozin is an oral potent dual inhibitor of the insulin-independent SGLT1 and SGLT2...
June 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916412/knowledge-of-gestational-alcohol-drinking-risks-results-from-a-survey-among-italian-secondary-school-students
#7
Paolo Berretta, Adele Minutillo, Simona Pichini, Valeria Traverso, Giacomo Toth, Giulia Scaravelli, Roberto De Luca, Roberta Da Rin Della Mora
INTRODUCTION: Ethanol is the most widely used drug worldwide. Its consumption has been increasing, and it is reported even during childbearing. Prenatal exposure to ethanol can lead to irreversible damages of the fetus. Knowledge about this risk could prevent these damages. There is no information about knowledge of the Italian students on this issue. METHODS: Therefore the aim of this study was to describe the awareness of the Italian students attending the last year of secondary school about risk of gestational alcohol drinking for the delivering mother and the fetus...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914861/recruiting-hard-to-reach-populations-for-survey-research-using-facebook-and-instagram-advertisements-and-in-person-intercept-in-lgbt-bars-and-nightclubs-to-recruit-lgbt-young-adults
#8
Jamie Guillory, Kristine F Wiant, Matthew Farrelly, Leah Fiacco, Ishrat Alam, Leah Hoffman, Erik Crankshaw, Janine Delahanty, Tesfa N Alexander
BACKGROUND: Tobacco public education campaigns focus increasingly on hard-to-reach populations at higher risk for smoking, prompting campaign creators and evaluators to develop strategies to reach hard-to-reach populations in virtual and physical spaces where they spend time. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe two novel recruitment strategies (in-person intercept interviews in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender [LGBT] social venues and targeted social media ads) and compares characteristics of participants recruited via these strategies for the US Food and Drug Administration's This Free Life campaign evaluation targeting LGBT young adults who smoke cigarettes occasionally...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914541/family-management-risk-and-protective-factors-for-adolescent-substance-use-in-south-africa
#9
Beatrice Wamuyu Muchiri, Monika M L Dos Santos
BACKGROUND: An increasingly recognised prevention approach for substance use entails a reduction in risk factors, and the enhancement of promotive, or protective factors in individuals and the environment surrounding them during their growth and development. METHODS: This exploratory study evaluated the effect of potential risk and protective factors associated with family management relating to adolescent substance use in South Africa. Exploratory analysis and cumulative odds ordinal logistic regression modelling was performed on the data, while controlling for the influence of demographic and socio-economic characteristics on adolescent substance use...
June 19, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914295/hiv-and-the-dual-burden-of-malnutrition-in-senegal-1994-2012
#10
Noelle A Benzekri, Moussa Seydi, Ibrahima NDoye, Macoumba Toure, Nancy B Kiviat, Papa Salif Sow, Stephen E Hawes, Geoffrey S Gottlieb
The aims of this study were to determine the nutritional status of HIV-positive versus HIV-negative adults in Senegal and to identify predictors of nutritional status among people living with HIV (PLHIV). We conducted a retrospective study using data from individuals enrolled in previous studies in Senegal. Undernutrition was defined as body mass index (BMI) <18.5 and overnutrition was defined as BMI ≥25.0. Subcategories of overnutrition were overweight (defined as BMI 25.0-29.9) and obesity (BMI ≥30...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914024/impact-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-on-mortality-and-cause-of-death-in-the-elderly
#11
Jong Bin Bae, Ji Won Han, Kyung Phil Kwak, Bong Jo Kim, Shin Gyeom Kim, Jeong Lan Kim, Tae Hui Kim, Seung-Ho Ryu, Seok Woo Moon, Joon Hyuk Park, Jong Chul Youn, Dong Young Lee, Dong Woo Lee, Seok Bum Lee, Jung Jae Lee, Jin Hyeong Jhoo, Ki Woong Kim
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a cognitive state that lies on the continuum between normal aging and dementia, and the prevalence of MCI is higher than dementia. However, the risk for mortality of people with MCI has been far less studied than that of people with dementia, and the population attributable risk percent (PAR%) of death attributable to MCI has not been estimated yet. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of MCI on mortality and the cause of death in the elderly, and to estimate the PAR% of deaths attributable to MCI...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912816/comparing-hiv-risk-related-behaviors-between-2-rds-national-samples-of-msm-in-brazil-2009-and-2016
#12
Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Carl Kendall, Laio Magno, Gustavo Machado Rocha, Daniela Riva Knauth, Andrea Fachel Leal, Ines Dourado, Maria Amélia Veras, Ana Maria de Brito, Ligia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
INTRODUCTION: Periodic monitoring of sociobehavior characteristics at a national level is an essential component of understanding the dynamics the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic worldwide, including Brazil. METHODS: This paper compares descriptive sociobehavior characteristics in 2 national cross-sectional HIV biological behavioral surveillance surveys (BBSS) conducted in 2009 and 2016 among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Brazil. Respondent driven sampling (RDS) was used for recruitment in both years...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912814/factors-associated-with-hiv-infection-among-female-sex-workers-in-brazil
#13
Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Giseli Nogueira Damacena, Paulo Roberto Borges de Souza-Júnior, Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Wanessa da Silva de Almeida, Arthur Pate de Souza Ferreira, Orlando da Costa Ferreira-Júnior, Inês Dourado
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are one of the most-at-risk population groups for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This paper aims at identifying the main predictors of HIV infection among FSW recruited in the 2nd Biological and Behavioral Surveillance Survey in 12 Brazilian cities in 2016. METHOD: Data were collected on 4245 FSW recruited by respondent driven sampling (RDS). Weights were inversely proportional to participants' network sizes. To establish the correlates of HIV infection, we used logistic regression models taking into account the dependence of observations resultant from the recruitment chains...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912419/-i-m-not-a-real-boozer-a-qualitative-study-of-primary-care-patients-views-on-drinking-and-its-consequences
#14
Z Khadjesari, F Stevenson, P Toner, S Linke, J Milward, E Murray
Background: The public health message around alcohol is complex, with benefits versus harms, the confusing concept of risk and drinking guidance changing over time. This provides a difficult context for alcohol screening in primary care, with established barriers from the practitioner perspective, but less is known about the patients' perspective. This study explores patients' views on drinking. Methods: Eligible participants were recorded as drinking above low risk levels in primary care...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911430/social-intolerance-risky-sexual-behaviors-and-their-association-with-hiv-knowledge-among-ugandan-adults-results-from-a-national-survey
#15
Damazo T Kadengye, Shona Dalal
Understanding the link between HIV knowledge, risky sexual behaviors, and social intolerance such as stigma and discrimination is important for HIV prevention and treatment program planning. We investigated whether intolerant attitudes and practices among Ugandan adults were associated with HIV-transmission knowledge. We analyzed data from a nationally representative population-based household survey, the 2011 Uganda AIDS Indicator Survey. A total of 15,526 participants who responded to questions on HIV knowledge, social intolerance and risky sexual behavior were included in this analysis...
June 17, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911356/risk-indicators-for-prevalence-extent-and-severity-of-periodontitis-among-rural-indian-population-aged-35-54-years
#16
M Bhat, L G Do, K Roberts-Thomson
AIMS: This study aimed to identify risk indicators associated with periodontitis and the contribution of each of the indicators towards the prevalence, extent and severity of periodontitis in a rural Indian population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to collect data according to National Survey of Adult Oral Health Australia guidelines. A multistage stratified random sampling was followed to select 1401 participants, who were in the age group of 35-54 years...
June 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910014/the-association-between-impulsivity-emotion-regulation-and-symptoms-of-alcohol-use-disorder
#17
Andrzej Jakubczyk, Elisa M Trucco, Maciej Kopera, Paweł Kobyliński, Hubert Suszek, Sylwia Fudalej, Kirk J Brower, Marcin Wojnar
Emotion dysregulation and impulsivity are important factors influencing the development and course of alcohol dependence. However, few empirical studies investigate the association between different aspects of impulsivity (cognitive, attentional, behavioral), emotion regulation, and alcohol use disorder symptoms in the same model. The goal of this study was to assess the association between emotion regulation and different facets of impulsivity among patients with an alcohol use disorder and healthy controls...
August 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910011/misconceptions-preferences-and-barriers-to-alcohol-use-disorder-treatment-in-alcohol-related-cirrhosis
#18
Jessica L Mellinger, G Scott Winder, Melissa DeJonckheere, Robert J Fontana, Michael L Volk, Anna S F Lok, Frederic C Blow
BACKGROUND: While alcohol cessation improves mortality in alcoholic liver disease (ALD), many patients struggle to achieve abstinence. Our aim was to characterize ALD patients' preferences, misconceptions, and barriers to alcohol use treatment options. METHODS: This mixed-methods study included outpatients with a history of alcohol-related cirrhosis or alcoholic hepatitis recruited from a hepatology clinic for a survey or an in-depth semi-structured interview. We purposefully sampled men and women, compensated and decompensated patients to ensure adequate representation of gender and severity of liver disease for the qualitative interviews...
August 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907145/the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-and-risky-drinking-in-denmark-a-cross-sectional-general-population-study
#19
Abdu Kedir Seid, Kim Bloomfield, Morten Hesse
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is regarded as consisting of education, income and employment. However, the relationship of these three components to alcohol use behaviours, such as risky single occasion drinking (RSOD) is unclear. The aim of the present paper is to specify how the three SES components relate to RSOD in a cross-sectional survey sample of the Danish general population. METHOD: Data from a 2011 Danish national representative survey (n = 3600) was analysed by multiple logistic regression to assess the influence of three dimensions of individual SES (education, income, employment) on RSOD...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907087/factors-associated-with-missed-assessments-in-a-2-year-longitudinal-study-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-survivors
#20
Sara E Heins, Amy W Wozniak, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Kristin A Sepulveda, Pedro A Mendez-Tellez, Cheryl Dennison-Himmelfarb, Dale M Needham, Victor D Dinglas
BACKGROUND: To evaluate participant-related variables associated with missing assessment(s) at follow-up visits during a longitudinal research study. METHODS: This is a prospective, longitudinal, multi-site study of 196 acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) survivors. More than 30 relevant sociodemographic, physical status, and mental health variables (representing participant characteristics prior to ARDS, at hospital discharge, and at the immediately preceding follow-up visit) were evaluated for association with missed assessments at 3, 6, 12, and 24-month follow-up visits (89-95% retention rates), using binomial logistic regression...
June 15, 2018: BMC Medical Research Methodology
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