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alcohol education

Paola Zaninotto, G David Batty, Michael Allerhand, Ian J Deary
BACKGROUND: Maintaining cognitive function is an important aspect of healthy ageing. In this study, we examined age trajectories of cognitive decline in a large nationally representative sample of older people in England. We explored the factors that influence such decline and whether these differed by gender. METHODS: Latent growth curve modelling was used to explore age-specific changes, and influences on them, in an 8-year period in memory, executive function, processing speed and global cognitive function among 10 626 participants in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Elisa J Sarmiento, Justin Xavier Moore, Leslie A McClure, Russell Griffin, Mohammad Z Al-Hamdan, Henry E Wang
While air pollution has been associated with health complications, its effect on sepsis risk is unknown. We examined the association between fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) air pollution and risk of sepsis hospitalization. We analyzed data from the 30,239 community-dwelling adults in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort linked with satellite-derived measures of PM2.5 data. We defined sepsis as a hospital admission for a serious infection with ≥2 systemic inflammatory response (SIRS) criteria...
April 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Tulshi D Saha, Bridget F Grant, S Patricia Chou, Bradley T Kerridge, Roger P Pickering, W June Ruan
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the sociodemographic profiles, the intensity of drinking, the severity of alcohol use disorder (AUD), and psychopathology among individuals with specific patterns of concurrent alcohol and drug use and AUD and other drug use disorders (DUDs) comorbidity. METHODS: Data were from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. We examined sociodemographic correlates and psychopathology among individuals with specific patterns of concurrent use of alcohol and drug and AUD-DUD comorbidity relative to alcohol use or AUD only, respectively, using multinomial logistic regression...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Lyndon Bauer, Jeff Smith, Nicole Kajons, Doug Tutt
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Australian surveys indicate that a large proportion of packaged liquor outlets do not check identification for young people before selling alcohol to them. There are a substantial number of presentations to Emergency Departments from young people aged 15 to 17 years. This subgroup is second only to those aged 18 to 24 years of age. In the 15 to 17 age group supply from direct purchase or underage friends who have purchased alcohol, represent substantial sources of alcohol that is more likely to be consumed without parental supervision...
April 24, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Emma Gearon, Anna Peeters, Winda Ng, Allison Hodge, Kathryn Backholer
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the mediating role of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and five dietary behaviours on educational differences in 13-year body mass index (BMI) gain across adulthood. METHODS: Participants from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (4791 women; 3103 men) who maintained or gained BMI over 1990-1994 to 2003-2007 and met our inclusion criteria were selected. Education, potential mediators and confounders (age, alcohol, and smoking) were measured at baseline...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Anne E Visser, James P K Rooney, Fabrizio D'Ovidio, Henk-Jan Westeneng, Roel C H Vermeulen, Ettore Beghi, Adriano Chiò, Giancarlo Logroscino, Orla Hardiman, Jan H Veldink, Leonard H van den Berg
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between physical activity (PA) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in population-based case-control studies in three European countries using a validated and harmonised questionnaire. METHODS: Patients with incident ALS and controls were recruited from five population-based registers in The Netherlands, Ireland and Italy. Demographic and data regarding educational level, smoking, alcohol habits and lifetime PA levels in both leisure and work time were gathered by questionnaire, and quantified using metabolic equivalent of task scores...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Christine Haddad, Souheil Hallit, Mohammad Salhab, Aline Hajj, Antoine Sarkis, Eliane Nasser Ayoub, Hicham Jabbour, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this study was to evaluate treatment adherence to statin and health-related quality of life (QOL) in Lebanese patients with dyslipidemia. Secondary objectives were to examine associations between treatment adherence, QOL, treatment satisfaction, and illness perception. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, conducted in 20 community pharmacies from all districts of Lebanon between August 2016 and April 2017, enrolled 247 adult patients taking any statin...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Chinwendu F Agu, Daniel C Oshi, Steve Weaver, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Tana F Ricketts Roomes, Sarah N Oshi
Background: Underage alcohol use is a pervasive problem with serious health, social and safety consequences. This study was undertaken to assess alcohol use by primary school children in Trinidad and Tobago, and to identify associated risk factors. Methods: We analysed data collected from 40 primary schools in Trinidad and Tobago by the National Alcohol and Drug Abuse Prevention Programme (NADAPP). The sample comprised of children aged 8 -15 years old, in standards 3, 4 and 5. Result: Out of the 2052 children, 648 (31...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Wendel D Abel, Steve Weaver, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Chinwendu F Agu, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Daniel C Oshi, Joy Harrison, Kristen Smith, Gabrielle Mitchell, Ashley Belinfante, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi
Objective: Alcohol is one of the most commonly consumed substances in Jamaica, despite the many health problems associated with excessive alcohol use. The aim of this study was to identify potential risk factors for alcohol binge drinking among Jamaicans, and determine if there were significant gender differences in the associations between identified risk factors and frequent binge drinking. Methods: Data collected from the 2016 National Household Survey Jamaica were analysed. Descriptive and inferential statistics were computed using SPSS...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Steve Weaver, Daniel C Oshi, Wendel D Abel, Tania Rae, Sarah N Oshi, Patrice Whitehorne Smith, Tana Ricketts Roomes, Chinwendu F Agu
Background: Religion sometimes shapes behaviours and experiences of its members including alcohol consumption. The aim of this study was to examine the possible influence of religious affiliation on alcohol consumption in Jamaica since they are predominantly Christians. Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design, we analysed data from National Household Survey 2,016 of 4,623 participants. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed using SPSS. Results: Out of the 4,623 participants, majority 3,244 (70...
April 23, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Maria Didriksen, Richard P Allen, Brendan J Burchell, Lise W Thørner, Andreas S Rigas, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Maria H Nielsen, Poul J Jennum, Thomas Werge, Christian Erikstrup, Ole B Pedersen, Kaspar Nielsen, Mie T Bruun, Kristoffer S Burgdorf, Erik Sørensen, Henrik Ullum
BACKGROUND: Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) is characterized by uncomfortable nocturnal sensations in the legs making sedentary activities and sleep difficult, and is thus linked with psychosocial distress. Due to the symptomatology and neurobiology of RLS (disrupting brain iron and dopamine) it is likely that RLS associates with poorer health-related quality of life (HRQL) and depressive disorder. The objective of this study was to investigate the RLS-HRQL and the RLS-depressive disorder links in a generally healthy population that is not biased by medications...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
Kaumudi J Joshipura, Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Bruce A Dye, Brian G Leroux, Margarita Ramírez-Vick, Cynthia M Pérez
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have shown very modest short-term improvements in glycemic control among participants with diabetes after periodontitis treatment. Few longitudinal studies suggest that periodontitis may be related to prediabetes/diabetes risk. METHODS: We evaluated 1,206 diabetes free participants in the San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study (SOALS) and 941 with complete 3-year follow-up data were included. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) methods were used to assess periodontitis...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Ayla M Tourkmani, Turki J Alharbi, Abdulaziz M Bin Rsheed, Abdulrhamn N AlRasheed, Saad M AlBattal, Osama Abdelhay, Mohamed A Hassali, Alian A Alrasheedy, Nouf G Al Harbi, Abdulaziz Alqahtani
Hypoglycemia is an essential issue for diabetic patients and considered a limiting factor in the glycemic management. Heterogeneity of the diseases in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus can affect the frequency of hypoglycemia, especially when the patient has cardiovascular diseases. There are several factors lead to hypoglycemia sulfonylurea therapy, insulin therapy, delayed or missed a meal, physical exercise, or drug or alcohol consumption. Long-term studies reported that repeated hypoglycemia is increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease...
April 12, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Ingrid van der Mei
OBJECTIVE: Although low sun exposure, low vitamin D, and smoking are established risk factor of multiple sclerosis (MS), there is less evidence on the role of the other lifestyle factors. We examined the association of sun exposure, physical activity, drug abuse, and alcohol intake with MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was population-based incident case-control study in Iran with 547 incident cases and 1057 general population controls (7/8/2013-17/2/2015). Logistic regression was used to analyse the data...
March 31, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Peter Wagura, Aggrey Wasunna, Ahmed Laving, Dalton Wamalwa, Paul Ng'ang'a
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization estimates the prevalence of preterm birth to be 5-18% across 184 countries of the world. Statistics from countries with reliable data show that preterm birth is on the rise. About a third of neonatal deaths are directly attributed to prematurity and this has hindered the achievement of Millennium Development Goal-4 target. Locally, few studies have looked at the prevalence of preterm delivery and factors associated with it. This study determined the prevalence of preterm birth and the factors associated with preterm delivery at Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya...
April 19, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Robyn S Johnston, Julia Stafford, Michelle I Jongenelis, Therese Shaw, Hannah Samsa, Eleanor Costello, Gary Kirby
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Mass media education campaigns targeting parents may influence parent factors that reduce adolescent drinking; however few such campaigns have been evaluated. DESIGN AND METHODS: The Parents, Young People and Alcohol campaign included two phases of mass media advertising, Cogs and I See, to deliver consistent messages across multiple media channels. The campaign targeted Western Australian parents of 12-17 year olds with messages describing alcohol's effect on the developing brain and adolescent physical and mental health...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
Elyse R Grossman, Sarah Gonzalez-Nahm, Natasha Frost, Sara E Benjamin-Neelon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate US state regulations regarding marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol to determine the extent to which states attempt to govern these substances in early care and education (ECE) settings. METHODS: Two independent reviewers assessed regulations enacted by December 2016 for all states and the District of Columbia. Reviewers compared regulations to national standards on the possession or use of marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol in ECE settings. RESULTS: Fewer states regulated marijuana than tobacco or alcohol in ECE settings...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Jeewon Lee, Young-Sook Kwak, Yoon-Jung Kim, Eun-Ji Kim, E Jin Park, Yunmi Shin, Bun-Hee Lee, So Hee Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Inseon Lee, Jung Im Hwang, Dongsik Kim, Soyoung Irene Lee
"Comfort women" refers to young women and girls who were forced into sexual slavery by the Imperial Japanese military during World War II. They were abducted from their homes in countries under Imperial Japanese rule, mostly from Korea, and the rest from China, Philippines, Malaysia, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Netherlands, etc. "Comfort women" endured extreme trauma involving rape, sexual torture, physical abuse, starvation, threats of death, and witnessed many others being tortured and killed...
April 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Griffith A Bell, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Sunni L Mumford, Hyojun Park, James Mills, Erin M Bell, Miranda Broadney, Edwina H Yeung
STUDY QUESTION: Is maternal polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) associated with developmental delays in offspring? SUMMARY ANSWER: Offspring of mothers with PCOS were at higher risk of failure on the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There is growing evidence that offspring of mothers with PCOS may be at higher risk for developmental disorders due to potential exposure to hyperandrogenism and insulin resistance. Few studies exist regarding maternal PCOS and early childhood development in the USA...
April 13, 2018: Human Reproduction
Bárbara Cabral de Sousa, Rebeca Silva Dos Santos, Katiuscy Carneiro Santana, Raquel Souzas, Álvaro Jorge Madeiro Leite, Danielle Souto de Medeiros
OBJECTIVE: To describe the sexual behavior and to identify associated factors in adolescents from rural communities in Bahia, Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, population-based, and household-based study, carried out in 2015 with adolescents aged 10 to 19 years. We described the variables of sexual intercourse in life and in the last 12 months, age at first intercourse, condom use and number of partners, guidance on pregnancy, AIDS, or other sexually transmitted infections, and guidance on how to get condoms...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
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