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Angiotensin 2 AND ROS

Pierre Paradis, Tlili Barhoumi, Muhammad Oneeb Rehman Mian, Julio C Fraulob-Aquino, Asia Rehman, Nourredine Idris-Khodja, Ernesto L Schiffrin
OBJECTIVE: Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) is involved in cardiovascular disease. Whether MMP2 plays a role in hypertension and vascular damage is unknown. We hypothesized that Mmp2 knockout will prevent angiotensin (Ang) II-induced hypertension and vascular injury. DESIGN AND METHOD: Mmp2 knockout (Mmp2) and wild-type (WT) mice were infused with Ang II (1000 ng/kg/min, SC) for 14 days. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured by telemetry, and mesenteric artery (MA) endothelial function and vascular remodeling by pressurized myography...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Feng Zhang, Xingsheng Ren, Mingxia Zhao, Bing Zhou, Ying Han
The proliferation, migration and inflammation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contribute to the pathogenesis and progression of several cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis and hypertension. Angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) and Ang II are identified to be involved in regulating cardiovascular activity. The present study is designed to determine the interaction between Ang-(1-7) and Ang II on VSMCs proliferation, migration and inflammation as well as their underlying mechanisms. We found that Ang-(1-7) significantly suppressed the positive effects of Ang II on VSMCs proliferation, migration and inflammation, as well as on induction of the phosphorylation of Akt and ERK1/2 and increase of superoxide anion level and NAD(P)H oxidase activity in VSMCs, whereas Ang-(1-7) alone had no significant effects...
September 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
Xin Liu, Rui-Wei Gao, Miao Li, Chun-Feng Si, Yong-Peng He, Min Wang, Ying Yang, Qing-Yin Zheng, Chao-Yun Wang
Angiotensin II (AngII) is an important factor that promotes the proliferation of cancer cells, whereas celastrol exhibits a significant antitumor activity in various cancer models. Whether celastrol can effectively suppress AngII mediated cell proliferation remains unknown. In this study, we studied the effect of celastrol on AngII-induced HepG2 cell proliferation and evaluated its underlying mechanism. The results revealed that AngII was able to significantly promote HepG2 cell proliferation via up-regulating AngII type 1 (AT1) receptor expression, improving mitochondrial respiratory function, enhancing nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase activity, increasing the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and pro-inflammatory cytokines...
November 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Pierre Paradis, Tlili Barhoumi, Muhammad Oneeb Rehman Mian, Julio C Fraulob-Aquino, Asia Rehman, Nourredine Idris-Khodja, Ernesto L Schiffrin
OBJECTIVE: Matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) is involved in cardiovascular disease. Whether MMP2 plays a role in hypertension and vascular damage is unknown. We hypothesized that Mmp2 knockout will prevent angiotensin (Ang) II-induced hypertension and vascular injury. DESIGN AND METHOD: Mmp2 knockout (Mmp2) and wild-type (WT) mice were infused with Ang II (1000 ng/kg/min, SC) for 14 days. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured by telemetry, and mesenteric artery (MA) endothelial function and vascular remodeling by pressurized myography...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jiunn-Ren Wu, Jwu-Lai Yeh, Shu-Fen Liou, Zen-Kong Dai, Bin-Nan Wu, Jong-Hau Hsu
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) can cause morbidity and mortality in neonates. Vascular remodeling, characterized by proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells (SMCs), is an essential process for postnatal DA closure. Notch signaling is an important mediator of vascular remodelling but its role in DA is unkonwn. We investigated the effects and underlying mechanisms of γ-secretase inhibitor DAPT, a Notch signaling inhibitor on angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced proliferation and migration of DASMCs. Proliferation and migration of DASMCs cultured from neonatal Wistar rats were induced by Ang II, with or without DAPT pre-treatment...
2016: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Xiaoxiang Guan, Lu Wang, Zhenhong Liu, Xiaofei Guo, Ying Lu, Yanli Peng, Tianhua Liu, Baofeng Yang, Hongli Shan, Yong Zhang, Chaoqian Xu
Pathological cardiac hypertrophy is a main factor leading to heart failure and associated sudden death. Improved understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms should aid better treatment of the disease. This study aimed to test our hypothesis that a microRNA miR-106a played an important role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy through targeting mitofusin 2 (Mfn2), a mitochondrial fusion protein known to be critical in regulating cardiac function. miR-106a was robustly upregulated in hypertrophied myocardium both in vivo and in vitro...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Alejandra Guillermina Miranda-Díaz, Leonardo Pazarín-Villaseñor, Francisco Gerardo Yanowsky-Escatell, Jorge Andrade-Sierra
The increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and the secondary kidney damage produces diabetic nephropathy (DN). Early nephropathy is defined as the presence of microalbuminuria (30-300 mg/day), including normal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) or a mildly decreased GFR (60-89 mL/min/1.73 m(2)), with or without overt nephropathy. The earliest change caused by DN is hyperfiltration with proteinuria. The acceptable excretion rate of albumin in urine is <30 mg/day. Albuminuria represents the excretion of >300 mg/day...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Rafaela G Feresin, Jingwen Huang, DawnKylee S Klarich, Yitong Zhao, Shirin Pourafshar, Bahram H Arjmandi, Gloria Salazar
Activation of angiotensin II (Ang II) signaling during aging increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) leading to vascular senescence, a process linked to the onset and progression of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Consumption of fruits and vegetables, particularly berries, is associated with decreased incidence of CVD, which has mainly been attributed to the polyphenol content of these foods. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the role of blackberry (BL), raspberry (RB), and black raspberry (BRB) polyphenol extracts in attenuating Ang II-induced senescence in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and to determine the molecular mechanisms involved...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
Jingjing Zhao, Juntian Liu, Xiaoming Pang, Xiaolu Zhang, Shuyue Wang, Di Wu
Inflammation plays a key role in many chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases and liver diseases. As a representative inflammatory molecule, C-reactive protein (CRP) is mainly produced in the liver. Hepatic CRP plays a direct role in the inflammatory hepatic diseases and in development of atherosclerosis when entering into the blood circulation. In the present study, we observed the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on Ang II-induced CRP generation in hepatocytes and the molecular mechanism...
November 2016: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Fen Zhang, Chang Liu, Lei Wang, Xi Cao, Ying Ying Wang, Jin Kui Yang
It is well known that the local renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is activated in the diabetic state, which results in an increase in the level of oxidative stress injury to pancreatic β cells. The angiotensin‑converting enzyme 2 (ACE2)/angiotensin (1‑7) [Ang (1‑7)]/Mas axis is a negative regulator of the classical renin‑angiotensin system. In order to investigate the antioxidant effect of Ang (1‑7) on pancreatic β cells, INS‑1 cells were cultured and oxidative stress was induced by treatment with H2O2...
September 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
I-Ching Tsai, Zih-Cian Pan, Hui-Pin Cheng, Chen-Hsiu Liu, Bor-Tyng Lin, Meei Jyh Jiang
Cellular senescence has emerged as an important player in both physiology and pathology. Excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) is known to mediate cellular senescence. NADPH oxidases are major sources for ROS production in the vascular wall; the roles of different NADPH oxidase isoforms in cellular senescence remain unclear, however. We investigated the roles of two NADPH oxidase isoforms in mitochondrial dysfunction during angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced cellular senescence of human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs)...
September 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Mohammed Emehdi Atef, Madhu B Anand-Srivastava
Gqα signaling has been implicated in cardiac hypertrophy. In addition, angiotensin II (Ang II) was also shown to induce its hypertrophic effect through Gqα and PKCδ activation. We recently showed the role of enhanced expression of Gqα/PLCβ1 proteins in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) hypertrophy, however, the role of PKCδ in VSMC hypertrophy in animal model is still lacking. The present study was therefore undertaken to examine the role of PKCδ and the associated signaling mechanisms in VSMC hypertrophy using 16-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR)...
2016: PloS One
Xiao-Mei Wang, Hang Xiao, Ling-Lin Liu, Dang Cheng, Xue-Jun Li, Liang-Yi Si
Cerebrovascular aging has a high relationship with stroke and neurodegenerative disease. In the present study, we evaluated the influence of fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) on angiotensin (Ang II)-mediated cerebrovascular aging in human brain vascular smooth muscle cells (hBVSMCs). Ang II induced remarkable aging-phenotypes in hBVSMCs, including enhanced SA-β-gal staining and NBS1 protein expression. First, we used immunoblotting assay to confirm protein expression of FGF21 receptor (FGFR1) and the co-receptor β-Klotho in cultured hBVSMCs...
August 15, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Yan Liu, Wenjun An, Aibao Gao
BACKGROUND: Cardiorenal syndrome is a complicated and bidirectional interrelationship between the heart and kidneys. Naringenin (NG) is a naturally occurring flavonoid possessing various biological and pharmacological properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We tested whether NG could improve cardiac and renal function in a rat model of cardiorenal syndrome. RESULTS: The results showed that NG-attenuated cardiac remodeling and cardiac dysfunction in rats with cardiorenal syndrome, as evidenced by decrease of left ventricle weight (LVW), increase of body weight (BW), decrease of LVW/BW, decrease of concentrations of serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, type-B natriuretic peptide, aldosterone, angiotensin (Ang) II, C-reactive protein, and urine protein, increase of left ventricular systolic pressure and falling rates of left ventricular pressure (dp/dtmax), and decrease of left ventricular diastolic pressure, left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, and -dp/dtmax...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Fang Wang, Houzao Chen, Yunfei Yan, Yue Liu, Shuyang Zhang, Depei Liu
An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a permanent, localized dilatation of the abdominal aorta. In western countries, the morbidity of AAA is approximately 8%. Currently, pharmacotherapies for AAA are limited. Here, we demonstrate that baicalein (BAI), the main component of the Chinese traditional drug "Huang Qin", attenuates the incidence and severity of AAA in Apoe (-/-) mice infused with angiotensin II (AngII). Mechanically, BAI treatment decreases AngII-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in the aortic wall...
September 2016: Science China. Life Sciences
Hong-Wei Wang, Bing S Huang, Roselyn A White, Aidong Chen, Monir Ahmad, Frans H H Leenen
Activation of angiotensinergic pathways by central aldosterone (Aldo)-mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) pathway plays a critical role in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertension. The subfornical organ (SFO) contains both MR and angiotensin II type 1 receptors (AT1R) and can relay the signals of circulating Ang II to downstream nuclei such as the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), supraoptic nucleus (SON) and rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM). In Wistar rats, subcutaneous (sc) infusion of Ang II at 500ng/min/kg for 1 or 2weeks increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) as measured by dihydroethidium (DHE) staining in a nucleus - specific pattern...
August 4, 2016: Neuroscience
Long Yue, Wang Wang, Yan Wang, Ting Du, Weiping Shen, Huiling Tang, Ying Wang, Hongping Yin
In the current study, we analyzed the functions and mechanisms of Bletilla striata polysaccharide b (BSPb) against Angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in human mesangial cells (HMCs). It was found that BSPb could inhibit generation of Ang II-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activation of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in a dose-dependent manner. Further studies revealed that BSPb effectively blocked upregulation of NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4)...
August 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Zar Chi Thent, Chiranjib Chakraborty, Pasuk Mahakkanukrauh, Nik Kosai, Reynu Rajan, Srijit Das
Recently, there are scientific attempts to devise new drugs in the biotechnology industry in order to treat various diseases including atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is considered to be a leading cause of death throughout the world. Atherosclerosis involves oxidative damage to the cells with production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Development of atheromatous plaques in the arterial wall is a common feature. Specific inflammatory markers pertaining to the arterial wall in atherosclerosis may be useful for both diagnosis and treatment...
May 2, 2016: Current Drug Targets
Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Adeolu Alex Adedapo, Momoh Audu Yakubu
INTRODUCTION: Kolaviron (KV), a biflavonoid extract from Garcinia kola seeds has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, hepato-protective, cardio-protective, nephro-protective and other arrays of chemopreventive capabilities but the mechanism of action is still not completely understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we investigated the anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative potential of KV in cultured Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells (VSMCs)...
March 2016: Pharmacognosy Research
Luz Ibarra-Lara, Leonardo Del Valle-Mondragón, Elizabeth Soria-Castro, Juan C Torres-Narváez, Francisca Pérez-Severiano, María Sánchez-Aguilar, Margarita Ramírez-Ortega, Luz G Cervantes-Pérez, Gustavo S Pastelín-Hernández, Víctor H Oidor-Chan, Gabriela Zarco-Olvera, Alicia Sánchez-Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Arterial high blood pressure is a risk factor for target organ damage; the most susceptible organs are the arteries, brain, kidneys, and heart. The damage mechanisms include oxidative stress and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) overactivity. Therefore, our aim was to study whether clofibrate-induced peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-α) stimulation is able to prevent alterations in cardiac functioning derived from RAS overstimulation in the left ventricle of rats with hypertension secondary to aortic coarctation and to improve antioxidant defenses...
August 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
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