keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Orbital inflammation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617889/erdheim-chester-disease-presenting-with-histiocytic-colitis-and-cytokine-storm
#1
George P Christophi, Yeshika Sharma, Quader Farhan, Umang Jain, Ted Walker, Gregory S Sayuc, Deborah C Rubin
BACKGROUND: Non-Langerhans histiocytosis is a group of inflammatory lymphoproliferative disorders originating from non-clonal expansion of hematopoietic stem cells into cytokine-secreting dendritic cells or macrophages. Erdheim-Chester Disease (ECD) is a rare type of non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis characterized by tissue inflammation and injury caused by macrophage infiltration and histologic findings of foamy histiocytes. Often ECD involves the skeleton, retroperitoneum and the orbits...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606260/-the-stepwise-establishment-of-standardized-treatment-for-the-thyroid-eye-disease
#2
J Qian
Thyroid associated ophthalmopathy is a complex autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the orbital tissue, hyaluronan deposition and tissue remodeling due to a skewed production of preadipocytic fibroblasts and increased adipogenesis in the late stage. Its progression is strongly related to the functional status of thyroid. So far, there is no consensus on staging, grading and treatment worldwide owning to the complexity of its clinical manifestations and therapies. However, it is of great importance to accurately judge its status and make individualized therapeutic regimen...
June 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598870/molecularly-targeted-agents-in-oculoplastic-surgery
#3
Richard C Allen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Significant advances have been made in oncology and rheumatology with the introduction of molecularly targeted agents (MTAs). MTAs consist of monoclonal antibodies and small molecule inhibitors. The purpose of this manuscript is to review the recent applications of MTAs to orbital, lacrimal, and eyelid disease. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of monoclonal antibodies has been described in the treatment of orbital vascular lesions, lymphoma, and squamous cell carcinoma...
June 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594301/orbital-abscess-following-posterior-subtenon-injection-of-triamcinolone-acetonide
#4
Maedbh Rhatigan, Lisa McAnena, Elizabeth McElnea, Paul Connell, Tim Fulcher
Orbital cellulitis is a serious sight threatening and potentially life threatening condition which can be complicated by orbital abscess formation. Posterior subtenon (PST) injection of corticosteroid is commonly used in the treatment of posterior segment inflammation including post-operative macular oedema. We report a case of orbital abscess formation as a late complication of PST triamcinolone acetonide and discuss the presentation, diagnosis and management.
June 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582957/a-case-of-organizing-hematoma-in-a-maxillary-sinus-after-reconstruction-of-a-blow-out-fracture
#5
Sang Hee An, Hyoung Min Park, Il Gyu Kang, Joo Hyun Jung
A 36-year-old man presented because of nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, and postnasal drip. The patient had undergone reconstruction of a blow-out fracture of the orbital floor 12 years before and had sinusitis that likely had resulted from implant migration into the maxillary sinus. The inflammation was successfully resolved, and the implant was removed through a minimally invasive endoscopic sinus surgery technique. On pathologic examination, an organizing hematoma was identified as the cause of the lesion...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570731/consensus-on-diagnostic-criteria-of-idiopathic-orbital-inflammation-using-a-modified-delphi-approach
#6
Ilse Mombaerts, Jurij R Bilyk, Geoffrey E Rose, Alan A McNab, Aaron Fay, Peter J Dolman, Richard C Allen, Martin H Devoto, Gerald J Harris
Importance: Current practice to diagnose idiopathic orbital inflammation (IOI) is inconsistent, leading to frequent misdiagnosis of other orbital entities, including cancer. By specifying criteria, diagnosis of orbital inflammation will be improved. Objective: To define a set of criteria specific for the diagnosis of IOI. Design, Setting, and Participants: A 3-round modified Delphi process with an expert panel was conducted from June 8, 2015, to January 25, 2016...
June 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559724/intra-ocular-medulloepithelioma-as-a-masquerade-for-phpv-and-panophthalmitis-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#7
Neelam Pushker, Mandeep S Bajaj, Ashutosh K Singh, Gautam Lokdarshi, Sameer Bakhshi, Seema Kashyap
A previously diagnosed child of persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) with painless blind eye remained clinically silent for about 3 years follow-up. The child suddenly presented as a case of orbital cellulitis and panopthalmitis with meningitis. No definite mass lesion was detected on ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) scan. Histopathology of the enucleated eye revealed intra-ocular medulloepithelioma as the culprit of sterile panophthalmitis and orbital inflammation...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538611/stabilization-of-visual-function-after-optic-nerve-sheath-fenestration-for-optic-nerve-meningocele
#8
Gina Mahatma, Ama Sadaka, Shauna Berry, Amina Malik, Andrew G Lee
A 10-year-old boy with bilateral colobomatous cavitary disc anomalies presented with a 3-month history of vision loss in his right eye. MRI of the head and orbit revealed bilateral tubular cystic enlargement of the optic nerve/optic sheath complex with thickening of the optic nerves without inflammation or neoplasm, suggestive of bilateral optic nerve meningocele. An optic nerve sheath fenestration was performed OD, and he experienced an improvement and stabilization of vision in his right eye during a 1-year follow-up period...
May 22, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535640/-study-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-combination-with-conventional-mri-signs-for-inflammation-activity-of-chronic-hepatitis-b
#9
H W Ren, H Y Ye, W M An, J H Dong, Y Liu
Objective: To study the correlation between ADC values of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and the pathological grading in inflammation activity of chronic hepatitis B, and combined with conventional MRI features to predict the diagnosis effectiveness. Methods: A total of 142 cases of patients with chronic hepatitis B were selected as inflammatory group in 302 Hospital of PLA from January 2014 to December 2015, while 20 cases of healthy subjects without history of liver disease were chosen as control group...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470654/-dacryoliths-and-iatrogenic-foreign-bodies-as-classical-triggers-for-inflammatory-pseudotumors-of-the-lacrimal-drainage-system
#10
J Heichel, C Neumann, D Bethmann, U Siebolts, T Hammer, H-G Struck
Background Tumors of the lacrimal duct are rare. Inflammatory pseudotumors do not represent neoplasias as such. Chronic inflammation may lead to an angiomatous granulation tissue. Patients The first case presents a 53-year-old male patient suffering a mass of the mediocaudal orbit after an acute dacryocystitis has been cured. Using diagnostic dacryoendoscopy, a large dacryolith was detected. Removing the concrement, via external dacryocystorhinostomy, a polypous tissue appeared which was resected as well. The second case concerns a 29-year-old female patient...
May 3, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468203/antronasal-polyp-extending-to-orbital-fossa
#11
Hanifi Bayaroğullari, Gülen Burakgazi, Şemsettin Okuyucu
Sinonasal infections and nasal polyps can be taken as 2 components of a disease. Polyps due to chronic inflammations of nasal cavity and sinuses are not rare. They may present with various clinical signs and symptoms, while the secondary complications may cause serious problems. They are most commonly treated medically, although surgery is the therapy of choice in some conditions. The complications can be listed as mucocele formation, orbital inflammation, intracranial extension by erosion of the boney structures...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459736/advanced-mri-of-the-optic-nerve
#12
Michael J Hoch, Mary T Bruno, Timothy M Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Clinical orbital MRI protocols are routinely used to study the optic nerves and exclude compressive lesions, infarctions, or inflammation. However, the small caliber and divergent oblique orientations of the optic nerves make it challenging to characterize them well with conventional MRI, especially since adjacent air-filled bony structures distort the MRI signal and motion is a problem even in cooperative, healthy volunteers. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Over the past 3 years we have experimented with multiple novel MRI approaches and sequences to better characterize the optic nerves...
June 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441073/orbital-and-conjunctival-metastasis-from-lobular-breast-carcinoma
#13
Margarita Sánchez Orgaz, Tais Gonzalez Pessolani, José J Pozo Kreilinger, Pilar Zamora, Covadonga Martí Álvarez, Ana Boto-de-Los-Bueis
This article examines the clinical presentation of ocular metastasis from an infiltrating lobular breast carcinoma. We examined a conjunctival biopsy from a 69-year-old woman who developed unilateral conjunctival inflammation together with a neurotrophic corneal ulcer and proptosis. Infiltrating lobular breast carcinoma (ILBC) was diagnosed using routine histology and immunohistochemistry. She had a past history of a hormone receptor-positive infiltrating ILBC 11 years ago with cutaneous and diffuse osteoblastic metastases, and she was kept under treatment with lezotrol...
April 25, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438752/igg4-related-disease-presenting-as-posterior-scleritis-and-vitritis-progressing-to-multifocal-orbital-involvement
#14
Gavin L Reynolds, Jonathan H Norris, Sher Aslam, Srilakshmi Sharma
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a rare, chronic inflammatory condition that may involve nearly every organ system. Originally identified as a cause of autoimmune pancreatitis, its characteristic histological and clinical features have been found in a wide variety of inflammatory presentations, including the eye and orbit. Here we describe an example of a case of IgG4-RD initially presenting as scleritis and vitritis, with further progression to multifocal bilateral orbital involvement. Tissue biopsy of an orbital mass was highly characteristic of IgG4-RD histology and a rapid clinical response to corticosteroids was observed...
April 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430540/demystifying-orbital-emergencies-a-pictorial-review
#15
Viet D Nguyen, Achint K Singh, Wilson B Altmeyer, Bundhit Tantiwongkosi
Imaging of the orbit plays an important role in the workup of orbital emergencies. Orbital imaging is particularly useful in the emergency department, where clinical history and physical examination may be limited or delayed until the exclusion or treatment of more life-threatening conditions. Cross-sectional orbital imaging with multidetector computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is commonly performed in addition to ultrasonography. In an emergent setting, CT is the preferred modality when evaluating for intraorbital foreign bodies, fractures, or calcifications within a mass lesion...
May 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399347/conjunctival-tumors-review-of-clinical-features-risks-biomarkers-and-outcomes-the-2017-j-donald-m-gass-lecture
#16
Carol L Shields, Jason L Chien, Thamolwan Surakiatchanukul, Kareem Sioufi, Sara E Lally, Jerry A Shields
Conjunctival tumors encompass a broad range of diagnoses. The 3 most important malignant tumors include ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) (14%), melanoma (12%), and lymphoma (7%). Conjunctival malignancies are rarely found in children. Regarding OSSN, pre-disposing conditions include chronic solar radiation, immune deficiency (HIV), organ transplant, autoimmune conditions, xeroderma pigmentosum, and chronic exposure to cigarette smoke. OSSN is managed surgically or with topical/injection immunotherapy or chemotherapy...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388345/a-new-cause-of-lacrimal-gland-calcification-retained-metallic-foreign-bodies
#17
Alexander J Brent, Peter M Mota, Gerald Saldanha, Ram Vaidhyanath, Raghavan Sampath
A 49-year-old male presented with a 4 month history of dysaesthesia in the left periorbital region. A CT scan showed a lacrimal gland mass with areas of dense calcification. Biopsies of the left lacrimal gland revealed a silver material with associated chronic granulomatous inflammation and secondary calcification. The histological specimen was sent for X-ray microanalysis. This confirmed the silver material to be aluminium. The metal fragments were subsequently discovered to be from a car aerial, which caused an orbital impaling injury 20 years prior to presentation...
April 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372859/the-wedge-sign-an-imaging-sign-for-aggressive-lacrimal-gland-disease
#18
Daniele Lorenzano, Geoffrey E Rose
PURPOSE: Lacrimal gland carcinoma can form a triangle of tissue back to the orbital apex, intraconal spread apparently being prevented by the intermuscular septum. The "wedge sign" frequency is assessed in lacrimal carcinoma, lacrimal lymphoma, or dacryoadenitis. DESIGN: Retrospective masked review of images from patients with biopsy-proven lacrimal gland pathology. METHODS: For each patient, the presence of a triangle of tissue between the lateral rectus and lateral orbital wall and the superior rectus and the orbital roof was assessed by masked review of computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging...
March 31, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369019/in-vivo-effects-of-retrobulbar-bimatoprost-injection-on-orbital-fat
#19
Kian Eftekhari, M Reza Vagefi, Vivian Lee, James Z Hui, Menglong Zhu, Kimberly Dine, Richard L Anderson, Brigitte Koeberlein, Reas Sulaimankutty, Kenneth S Shindler
PURPOSE: Recent publications have reported the adverse effects of prostaglandin analogues on the periocular tissues. These medications may cause periorbital lipodystrophy, enophthalmos, and deepening of the superior sulcus deformity. While these effects may have adverse consequences for some patients, the atrophy of the periorbital fat may have a useful role in diseases that lead to orbital and periorbital fat hypertrophy such as thyroid eye disease. In this pilot study, the authors investigated the effects of retrobulbar bimatoprost injection on the intraocular pressure and orbital fat in a rat animal model...
March 31, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351925/serum-igg2-and-tissue-igg2-plasma-cell-elevation-in-orbital-igg4-related-disease-igg4-rd-potential-use-in-igg4-rd-assessment
#20
Anita S Y Chan, Hardeep Mudhar, Sunny Yu Shen, Stephanie S Lang, Malee Fernando, Maryam Hazly Hilmy, Naomi Jayne Guppy, Ian Rennie, Lisa Dunkley, Issam Al Jajeh
AIMS: To determine the role of serum and tissue IgG2 in orbital biopsies with the histological features of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) in comparison with non-IgG4-related orbital inflammatory disorders (OID), including autoimmune disorders. METHODS: This is an international (Sheffield, UK, and Singapore) collaborative, retrospective case review of 69 patients (38 from Singapore National Eye Centre and 31 from Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield) with orbital inflammatory biopsies between 2002 and 2016...
March 28, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
keyword
keyword
91277
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"