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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912860/late-style-as-exile-de-colonising-the-life-course
#1
Heike Hartung
In the collection of essays On Late Style, Edward Said reflects on the new idiom achieved by great artists in their work near the end of their lives as "late style." Drawing on Adorno's essay on Beethoven's late style, Said also focuses on the aesthetic aspects of lateness. Defining the late works of artists as "a form of exile," however, Said moves beyond Adorno's aesthetic conception of late style. Highlighting the artist's abandonment of communication with the established social order, who achieves a contradictory, alienated relationship with it instead, Said compares artistic lateness with the experience of the subject in exile...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899710/quantifying-and-exploring-camouflaging-in-men-and-women-with-autism
#2
Meng-Chuan Lai, Michael V Lombardo, Amber Nv Ruigrok, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Bonnie Auyeung, Peter Szatmari, Francesca Happé, Simon Baron-Cohen
Autobiographical descriptions and clinician observations suggest that some individuals with autism, particularly females, 'camouflage' their social communication difficulties, which may require considerable cognitive effort and lead to increased stress, anxiety and depression. Using data from 60 age- and IQ-matched men and women with autism (without intellectual disability), we operationalized camouflaging in adults with autism for the first time as the quantitative discrepancy between the person's 'external' behavioural presentation in social-interpersonal contexts (measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule) and the person's 'internal' status (dispositional traits measured by the Autism Spectrum Quotient and social cognitive capability measured by the 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' Test)...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888382/-say-your-favorite-poet-in-the-world-is-lying-there-eileen-myles-james-schuyler-and-the-queer-intimacies-of-care
#3
Libbie Rifkin
This article closely reads "Chelsea Girls," an autobiographical short story by Eileen Myles that depicts her experience caring for the diabetic, bipolar poet James Schuyler when she was a young writer getting started in East Village in the late 1970s. Their dependency relationship is a form of queer kinship, an early version of the caring relations between lesbians and gay men that HIV/AIDS would demand over the next two decades as chosen families emerged to nurture gay men and lesbians rejected by their families of origin...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886629/transient-epileptic-amnesia-over-twenty-years-long-term-follow-up-of-a-case-series-with-three-detailed-reports
#4
Sharon A Savage, Christopher R Butler, John R Hodges, Adam Z Zeman
PURPOSE: Transient Epileptic Amnesia (TEA) is a form of adult onset temporal lobe epilepsy characterised by ictal amnesia. The amnesic seizures are often accompanied by interical memory disturbance, involving autobiographical amnesia and accelerated long-term forgetting. Short-term follow-up studies suggest a relatively stable cognitive profile once treated, but recent case reports raise concerns regarding the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). The current study reports clinical and cognitive outcome in TEA patients over a 20-year period...
November 14, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886529/autobiographical-and-episodic-memory-deficits-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Jeffrey D Wammes, Tyler J Good, Myra A Fernandes
Those who have suffered a concussion, otherwise known as a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), often complain of lingering memory problems. However, there is little evidence in the behavioral literature reliably demonstrating memory deficits. Thus, in the present study, cognitive profiles including measures of general executive functioning and processing speed, as well as episodic and semantic memory were collected in younger and older adult participants with or without a remote (>1year prior to testing) mTBI...
November 22, 2016: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867366/the-impact-of-perspective-change-as-a-cognitive-reappraisal-strategy-on-affect-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Sophie M A Wallace-Hadrill, Sunjeev K Kamboj
The strategic or deliberate adoption of a cognitively distanced, third-person perspective is proposed to adaptively regulate emotions. However, studies of psychological disorders suggest spontaneous adoption of a third-person perspective reflects counter-productive avoidance. Here, we review studies that investigate the deliberate adoption of a third- or first-person vantage perspective and its impact on affect in healthy people, "sub-clinical" populations and those with psychological disorders. A systematic search was conducted across four databases...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858526/when-bad-things-happen-to-a-protagonist-like-you-the-role-of-self-in-resistance-to-negatively-framed-health-narratives
#7
Hye Kyung Kim, Michael A Shapiro
This study examines when and how shared risk-relevant experience (autobiographic similarity) influences resistance to negatively framed health narratives. We conducted a 2 (narrative perspective: 1st vs. 3rd person) × 2 (processing motive: experiential vs. analytical) randomized experiment with a short narrative depicting the negative effects of an illicitly used study drug. For those autobiographically similar to the study drug user, a 1st-person narration (vs. 3rd-person) produced greater transportation only when participants processed to understand the story (experiential condition), whereas the reverse was found when participants processed for the persuasive message (analytical condition)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846438/mapping-autobiographical-memory-in-schizophrenia-clinical-implications
#8
REVIEW
J J Ricarte, L Ros, J M Latorre, E Watkins
Increasing evidence suggests that impaired autobiographical memory (AM) mechanisms may be associated with the onset and maintenance of psychopathology. However, there is not yet a comprehensive review of the components of autobiographical memory in schizophrenic patients. The first aim of this review is a synthesis of evidence about the functioning of AM in schizophrenic patients. The main autobiographical elements reviewed in schizophrenic patients include the study of overgeneral memory (form); self-defining memories (contents); consciousness during the process of retrieval (awareness), and the abnormal early reminiscence bump (distribution)...
November 9, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842736/-multidimensionality-of-inner-speech-and-its-relationship-with-abnormal-perceptions
#9
William Tamayo-Agudelo, Juan David Vélez-Urrego, Gilberto Gaviria-Castaño, Salvador Perona-Garcelán
BACKGROUND: Inner speech is a common human experience. Recently, there have been studies linking this experience with cognitive functions, such as problem solving, reading, writing, autobiographical memory, and some disorders, such as anxiety and depression. In addition, inner speech is recognised as the main source of auditory hallucinations. OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this study is to establish the factor structure of Varieties of Inner Speech Questionnaire (VISQ) in a sample of the Colombian population...
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829693/practicing-emotionally-biased-retrieval-affects-mood-and-establishes-biased-recall-a-week-later
#10
Janna N Vrijsen, Paula T Hertel, Eni S Becker
Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM) can yield clinically relevant results. Only few studies have directly manipulated memory bias, which is prominent in depression. In a new approach to CBM, we sought to simulate or oppose ruminative processes by training the retrieval of negative or positive words. Participants studied positive and negative word pairs (Swahili cues with Dutch translations). In the positive and negative conditions, each of the three study trials was followed by a cued-recall test of training-congruent translations; a no-practice condition merely studied the pairs...
2016: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829317/personal-semantic-and-episodic-autobiographical-memories-in-korsakoff-syndrome-a-comparison-of-interview-methods
#11
Yvonne C M Rensen, Roy P C Kessels, Ellen M Migo, Arie J Wester, Paul A T M Eling, Michael D Kopelman
OBJECTIVE: The temporal gradient in patients with Korsakoff's syndrome has been of particular interest in the literature, as many studies have found evidence for a steep temporal gradient, but others have observed more uniform remote memory impairment across all past time periods. Inconsistencies might be the result of the nature of remote memory impairment under study (i.e., nonpersonal or autobiographical memory) and of methodological differences in the examination of remote memory loss...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823805/the-effect-of-emotion-on-movement-smoothness-during-gait-in-healthy-young-adults
#12
Gu Eon Kang, M Melissa Gross
This study aimed to investigate the effect of emotion on movement smoothness during gait. We followed an autobiographical memories paradigm to induce four target emotions, neutral emotion, sadness, anger and joy, in eighteen healthy young adults. Participants performed gait trials while feeling the target emotions. We collected gait data using an eight-camera optoelectronic motion capture system. We measured spatiotemporal gait parameters, smoothness of linear movements for the whole body center-of-mass (COM), head, thorax and pelvis in the anterior-posterior (AP), vertical (VT) and mediolateral (ML) directions, and smoothness of angular movements in the sagittal plane for the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822191/commentary-the-dark-side-of-top-level-sport-an-autobiographic-study-of-depressive-experiences-in-elite-sport-performers
#13
COMMENT
Jonathan Males
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821761/learning-and-remembering-real-world-events-after-medial-temporal-lobe-damage
#14
Adam J O Dede, Jennifer C Frascino, John T Wixted, Larry R Squire
The hippocampus is important for autobiographical memory, but its role is unclear. In the study, patients with hippocampal damage and controls were taken on a 25-min walk on the University of California, San Diego, campus during which 11 planned events occurred. Memory was tested directly after the walk. In addition, a second group of controls took the same walk and were tested after 1 mo. Patients with hippocampal damage remembered fewer details than controls tested directly after the walk but remembered a similar number of details as controls tested after 1 mo...
November 22, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821735/autobiographical-memory-future-imagining-and-the-medial-temporal-lobe
#15
Adam J O Dede, John T Wixted, Ramona O Hopkins, Larry R Squire
In two experiments, patients with damage to the medial temporal lobe (MTL) and healthy controls produced detailed autobiographical narratives as they remembered past events (recent and remote) and imagined future events (near and distant). All recent events occurred after the onset of memory impairment. The first experiment aimed to replicate the methods of Race et al. [Race E, Keane MM, Verfaellie M (2011) J Neurosci 31(28):10262-10269]. Transcripts from that study were kindly made available for independent analysis, which largely reproduced the findings from that study...
November 22, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821365/self-defining-memories-in-recently-detoxified-alcohol-dependent-patients
#16
Christine Cuervo-Lombard, Delphine Raucher-Chéné, Sarah Barrière, Martial Van der Linden, Arthur Kaladjian
Patients with alcohol dependence have been shown to be impaired in recalling specific autobiographical events, yet little is known on how changes in the memory of these events may impact their self-representation. In this study, we examined Self-Defining Memories (SDMs), a specific type of autobiographical memory that plays a key role in the construction of personal identity, in 25 patients with alcohol dependence, abstinent from alcohol from 10 days to 6 months, compared to 28 control subjects. We observed that SDMs in patients were significantly less specific and included more reference to alcohol than those of controls...
September 26, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819405/-santiago-ramon-y-cajal-in-literature-cinema-and-television
#17
REVIEW
S Collado-Vazquez, J M Carrillo
INTRODUCTION: The life and work of Santiago Ramon y Cajal has been portrayed in scientific papers, biographical and autobiographical works, comics, films, television series or documentaries that have attempted to reflect upon his life or his contributions to science and to bring him closer to the general public. AIMS: To analyse the different ways Santiago Ramon y Cajal has been represented in literature, cinema and television, and to become more closely acquainted with this scientist through his fictional writings...
November 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816776/mental-imagery-of-positive-and-neutral-memories-a-fmri-study-comparing-field-perspective-imagery-to-observer-perspective-imagery
#18
Maud Grol, Guy Vingerhoets, Rudi De Raedt
Imagery perspective can influence what information is recalled, processing style, and emotionality; however, the understanding of possible mechanisms mediating these observed differences is still limited. We aimed to examine differences between memory recall from a field perspective and observer perspective at the neurobiological level, in order to improve our understanding of what is underlying the observed differences at the behavioral level. We conducted a fMRI study in healthy individuals, comparing imagery perspectives during recall of neutral and positive autobiographical memories...
November 2, 2016: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813234/differential-neural-correlates-of-autobiographical-memory-recall-in-bipolar-and-unipolar-depression
#19
Kymberly D Young, Jerzy Bodurka, Wayne C Drevets
OBJECTIVES: Autobiographical memory (AM) recall is impaired in both bipolar depression (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD). The current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate differences between healthy controls (HCs) and depressed participants with either BD or MDD as they recalled AMs that varied in emotional valence. METHODS: Unmedicated adults in a current major depressive episode who met criteria for either MDD or BD and HCs (n=16/group) underwent fMRI while recalling AMs in response to emotionally valenced cue words...
November 2016: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795454/the-autobiographical-i-shoulder-i-of-ernest-amory-codman-crafting-medical-meaning-in-the-twentieth-century
#20
Caitjan Gainty
This essay offers a reconsideration of the historical significance of Ernest Amory Codman's autobiographical preface to his 1934 text The Shoulder, Rupture of the Supraspinatus Tendon and Other Lesions on or about the Subacromial Bursa and its reception, in its own time and at the end of the twentieth century. It concentrates on the aesthetics of identity and the ways in which these are woven into the political, professional, and cultural contexts of these two periods. It argues finally that Codman's style of life writing, both in the autobiography and throughout his texts, served as an important historical actor that more generally demonstrates the possibilities in approaching the history of medicine from aesthetic angles...
2016: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
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