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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768982/mentalizing-oneself-detecting-reflective-functioning-in-life-narratives
#1
Christin Köber, Magdalena Maria Kuhn, Isabel Peters, Tilmann Habermas
Reflective functioning (RF) is defined as the ability to infer mental states of others and oneself. While RF has been predominantly studied in attachment research, it might also occur in other autobiographical narratives because of its strong connection to self-organization and self-understanding. Therefore, this study took a first step combining research on RF with developmental narrative research. In a longitudinal lifespan study covering up to three measurements across 8 years and six age groups (N = 172), we aimed to detect RF in entire life narratives to explore its development with age and its contribution to causal-motivational coherence of life narratives...
May 16, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768952/meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-rumination-and-reduced-autobiographical-memory-specificity
#2
Connie P Y Chiu, James W Griffith, Bert Lenaert, Filip Raes, Dirk Hermans, Tom J Barry
The CaRFAX model, proposed by Williams J. M. G. (2006. Capture and rumination, functional avoidance, and executive control (CaRFAX): Three processes that underlie overgeneral memory. Cognition and Emotion, 20, 548-568. doi: 10.1080/02699930500450465 ; Williams, J. M. G., Barnhofer, T., Crane, C., Herman, D., Raes, F., Watkins, E., & Dalgleish, T. (2007). Autobiographical memory specificity and emotional disorder. Psychological Bulletin, 133(1), 122-148. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.133.1.122 ) posits that reduced autobiographical memory specificity, a key factor associated with the emergence and maintenance of emotional disorders, may result from heightened rumination...
May 16, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766475/facing-the-language-memory-problem-in-the-study-of-autobiographical-memory
#3
Eleonora Bartoli, Andrea Smorti
This paper discusses the problem of the role of language in autobiographical memory, that is barely considered in studies on autobiographical memories and narratives. As a matter of fact, most of the current studies on autobiographical memory confounded memory and narrative together. The present paper focuses on two main issues. Firstly, it debates how narratives contribute to the construction of autobiographical memories through self-other communication. Secondly, it reflects on how language and communication should be manipulated in studies about autobiographical memory...
May 16, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763431/the-efficacy-of-life-review-therapy-combined-with-memory-specificity-training-lrt-mst-targeting-cancer-patients-in-palliative-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Gitta Kleijn, Birgit I Lissenberg-Witte, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Bas Steunenberg, Kitty Knipscheer-Kuijpers, Vincent Willemsen, Annemarie Becker, Egbert F Smit, Corien M Eeltink, Anna M E Bruynzeel, Maurice van der Vorst, Remco de Bree, C René Leemans, Michiel W M van den Brekel, Pim Cuijpers, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an intervention combining Life Review Therapy (LRT) and Memory Specificity Training (MST) (LRT-MST) to improve ego-integrity and despair among cancer patients in palliative care. METHODS: In this multicentre randomized controlled trial, cancer patients in palliative care were randomized to the intervention group (LRT-MST; n = 55) or waiting-list control group (n = 52). LRT-MST is a 4-session home-based psychological intervention that aims to retrieve specific positive memories, to re-evaluate life events and to reconstruct the story of a patient's life, including the diagnosis of incurable cancer...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757077/investigating-whether-maternal-memory-specificity-is-indirectly-associated-with-child-memory-specificity-through-maternal-reminiscing
#5
Laura Jobson, Kimberly Burford, Breana Burns, Amelia Baldry, Yun Wu
Maternal reminiscing and remembering has a profound influence on the development of children's autobiographical remembering skills. The current study investigated the relationships between maternal memory specificity, maternal reminiscing and child memory specificity. Participants consisted of 40 mother-child dyads. Children's age ranged between 3.5 and 6 years. Mothers and children participated in individual assessments of autobiographical memory specificity. Dyads participated in a joint reminiscing task about three past emotional (happy, sad, stressful) events...
May 14, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750658/when-your-face-describes-your-memories-facial-expressions-during-retrieval-of-autobiographical-memories
#6
Mohamad El Haj, Mohamed Daoudi, Karim Gallouj, Ahmed A Moustafa, Jean-Louis Nandrino
Thanks to the current advances in the software analysis of facial expressions, there is a burgeoning interest in understanding emotional facial expressions observed during the retrieval of autobiographical memories. This review describes the research on facial expressions during autobiographical retrieval showing distinct emotional facial expressions according to the characteristics of retrieved memoires. More specifically, this research demonstrates that the retrieval of emotional memories can trigger corresponding emotional facial expressions (e...
May 11, 2018: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733760/memory-flexibility-training-for-autobiographical-memory-as-an-intervention-for-maintaining-social-and-mental-well-being-in-older-adults
#7
Fiona Leahy, Nathan Ridout, Carol Holland
Autobiographical memory specificity (AMS) reduces with increasing age and is associated with depression, social problem-solving and functional limitations. However, ability to switch between general and specific, as well as between positive and negative retrieval, may be more important for the strategic use of autobiographical information in everyday life. Ability to switch between retrieval modes is likely to rely on aspects of executive function. We propose that age-related deficits in cognitive flexibility impair AMS, but the "positivity effect" protects positively valenced memories from impaired specificity...
May 7, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731735/rescripting-memory-redefining-the-self-a-meta-emotional-perspective-on-the-hypothesized-mechanism-s-of-imagery-rescripting
#8
Alessandra Mancini, Francesco Mancini
Imagery Rescripting (ImRs) is a therapeutic technique that aims to reduce the distress associated with negative memories of early aversive experiences. It consists of prompting patients to rescript the autobiographical memory in line with their unmet needs. In recent years, ImRs was found effective in reducing symptoms of disorders such as depression, social phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and personality disorders. However, the cognitive mechanisms underlying such broad effectiveness are currently an object of debate...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699842/effects-of-appraisal-training-on-responses-to-a-distressing-autobiographical-event
#9
Marcella L Woud, Armin Zlomuzica, Jan C Cwik, Jürgen Margraf, Lorika Shkreli, Simon E Blackwell, Thomas E Gladwin, Thomas Ehring
Dysfunctional appraisals are a key factor suggested to be involved in the development and maintenance of PTSD. Research has shown that experimental induction of a positive or negative appraisal style following a laboratory stressor affects analogue posttraumatic stress symptoms. This supports a causal role of appraisal in the development of traumatic stress symptoms and the therapeutic promise of modifying appraisals to reduce PTSD symptoms. The present study aimed to extend previous findings by investigating the effects of experimentally induced appraisals on reactions to a naturally occurring analogue trauma and by examining effects on both explicit and implicit appraisals...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697040/origins-of-mother-child-reminiscing-style
#10
Elaine Reese, Elizabeth Meins, Charles Fernyhough, Luna Centifanti
Maternal elaborative reminiscing supports preschool children's autobiographical memory, self-concept, and emotion understanding. What are the factors contributing to mothers' elaborative style of reminiscing? In a longitudinal community sample (n = 170 at the final data point), this study explored the role of maternal depression (8-44 months), maternal sensitivity and maternal mind-mindedness (8 months), as well as child factors of joint attention (15 months), attachment security (15 months), and language (26 months) for mother-child reminiscing about a positive (happy) and a negative (scared) event at 44 months...
April 26, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693311/external-details-revisited-a-new-taxonomy-for-coding-non-episodic-content-during-autobiographical-memory-retrieval
#11
Cherie Strikwerda-Brown, Annu Mothakunnel, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet, Muireann Irish
Autobiographical memory (ABM) is typically held to comprise episodic and semantic elements, with the vast majority of studies to date focusing on profiles of episodic details in health and disease. In this context, 'non-episodic' elements are often considered to reflect semantic processing or are discounted from analyses entirely. Mounting evidence suggests that rather than reflecting one unitary entity, semantic autobiographical information may contain discrete subcomponents, which vary in their relative degree of semantic or episodic content...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691941/functional-connections-between-activated-and-deactivated-brain-regions-mediate-emotional-interference-during-externally-directed-cognition
#12
Simone Di Plinio, Francesca Ferri, Laura Marzetti, Gian Luca Romani, Georg Northoff, Vittorio Pizzella
Recent evidence shows that task-deactivations are functionally relevant for cognitive performance. Indeed, higher cognitive engagement has been associated with higher suppression of activity in task-deactivated brain regions - usually ascribed to the Default Mode Network (DMN). Moreover, a negative correlation between these regions and areas actively engaged by the task is associated with better performance. DMN regions show positive modulation during autobiographical, social, and emotional tasks. However, it is not clear how processing of emotional stimuli affects the interplay between the DMN and executive brain regions...
April 24, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687527/amygdala-real-time-fmri-neurofeedback-for-major-depressive-disorder-a-review
#13
Kymberly D Young, Vadim Zotev, Raquel Phillips, Masaya Misaki, Wayne C Drevets, Jerzy Bodurka
Advances in imaging technologies have allowed for the analysis of fMRI data in real-time (rtfMRI), leading to the development of neurofeedback (nf) training. This rtfMRI-nf training utilizes fMRI tomographic localization capacity to allow a person to see and regulate the localized hemodynamic signal from his or her own brain. In this review, we summarize the results of several studies that have developed and applied neurofeedback training to healthy and depressed individuals with the amygdala as the neurofeedback target and the goal to increase the hemodynamic response during positive autobiographical memory recall...
April 23, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674992/memory-modulation-self-improvement-or-self-depletion
#14
Andrea Lavazza
Autobiographical memory is fundamental to the process of self-construction. Therefore, the possibility of modifying autobiographical memories, in particular with memory-modulation and memory-erasing, is a very important topic both from the theoretical and from the practical point of view. The aim of this paper is to illustrate the state of the art of some of the most promising areas of memory-modulation and memory-erasing, considering how they can affect the self and the overall balance of the "self and autobiographical memory" system...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672583/measurement-of-overgeneral-autobiographical-memory-psychometric-properties-of-the-autobiographical-memory-test-in-young-and-older-populations
#15
Laura Ros, Dulce Romero, Jorge J Ricarte, Juan P Serrano, Marta Nieto, Jose M Latorre
The Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) is the most widely used measure of overgeneral autobiographical memory (OGM). The AMT appears to have good psychometric properties, but more research is needed on the influence and applicability of individual cue words in different languages and populations. To date, no studies have evaluated its usefulness as a measure of OMG in Spanish or older populations. This work aims to analyze the applicability of the AMT in young and older Spanish samples. We administered a Spanish version of the AMT to samples of young (N = 520) and older adults (N = 155)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671133/a-test-of-the-functional-avoidance-hypothesis-in-the-development-of-overgeneral-autobiographical-memory
#16
D J Hallford, D W Austin, F Raes, K Takano
Overgeneral memory (OGM) refers to the failure to recall memories of specific personally experienced events, which occurs in various psychiatric disorders. One pathway through which OGM is theorized to develop is the avoidance of thinking of negative experiences, whereby cumulative avoidance may maladaptively generalize to autobiographical memory (AM) more broadly. We tested this, predicting that negative experiences would interact with avoidance to predict AM specificity. In Study 1 (N = 281), negative life events (over six months) and daily hassles (over one month) were not related to AM specificity, nor was avoidance, and no interaction was found...
April 18, 2018: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670138/differential-medial-temporal-lobe-and-parietal-cortical-contributions-to-real-world-autobiographical-episodic-and-autobiographical-semantic-memory
#17
Thackery I Brown, Jesse Rissman, Tiffany E Chow, Melina R Uncapher, Anthony D Wagner
Autobiographical remembering can depend on two forms of memory: episodic (event) memory and autobiographical semantic memory (remembering personally relevant semantic knowledge, independent of recalling a specific experience). There is debate about the degree to which the neural signals that support episodic recollection relate to or build upon autobiographical semantic remembering. Pooling data from two fMRI studies of memory for real-world personal events, we investigated whether medial temporal lobe (MTL) and parietal subregions contribute to autobiographical episodic and semantic remembering...
April 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666262/spatial-and-temporal-heterogeneity-of-neural-responses-in-human-posteromedial-cortex
#18
Amy L Daitch, Josef Parvizi
Neuroimaging evidence supports a role of the default mode network (DMN) in spontaneous thought and goal-driven internally oriented processes, such as recalling an autobiographical event, and has demonstrated its deactivation during focused, externally oriented attention. Recent work suggests that the DMN is not a homogeneous network but rather is composed of at least several subnetworks, which are engaged in distinct functions; however, it is still unclear if these different functions rely on the same neuronal populations...
April 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657190/fighting-for-freedom-by-killing-the-pain
#19
E Ann Jeschke
This symposium includes six personal narratives about military veterans' experiences receiving health care through the Military Health System or the Veterans' Health Administration. Five of the narratives were autobiographical accounts of men's personal experience of care and one of the accounts was written by a wife who watched her husband suffer with chronic pain after leaving the military. There is a good deal of literature in military and veteran's medical research pertaining to psychological and physical trauma rehabilitation; however, there is little reflection on what it is like for injured military personnel or veterans to overcome obstacles while in pain and attempting interface with these governmental health care systems...
2018: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628068/negative-autobiographical-memory-in-depression-reflects-elevated-amygdala-hippocampal-reactivity-and-hippocampally-associated-emotion-regulation
#20
Bruce P Doré, Odile Rodrik, Chelsea Boccagno, Alexa Hubbard, Jochen Weber, Barbara Stanley, Maria A Oquendo, Jeffrey M Miller, M Elizabeth Sublette, J John Mann, Kevin N Ochsner
BACKGROUND: Dysregulated autobiographical recall is observed in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, it is unknown whether people with MDD show abnormalities in memory-, emotion-, and control-related brain systems during reactivity to and regulation of negative autobiographical memories. METHODS: We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to identify neural mechanisms underlying MDD-related emotional responses to negative autobiographical memories and the ability to downregulate these responses using a cognitive regulatory strategy known as reappraisal...
April 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
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