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Total hip arthroplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728076/age-explains-limited-hip-extension-recovery-at-one-year-from-total-hip-arthroplasty
#1
Davide Mazzoli, Erika Giannotti, Maria Longhi, Paolo Prati, Stefano Masiero, Andrea Merlo
BACKGROUND: To investigate the dependency of the one-year recovery in gait after total hip arthroplasty on age and preoperative conditions. METHODS: Longitudinal retrospective study on 20 elderly patients with unilateral total hip arthroplasty consequent to hip osteoarthritis, assessed by gait analysis before surgery (T0), 2weeks (T1), 6 (T2) and 12months (T3) post-surgery. A set of variables assessing primary gait deviations and compensatory mechanisms were extracted from gait analysis data...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724376/sonication-contribution-to-identifying-prosthetic-joint-infection-with-ralstonia-pickettii-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Rares Mircea Birlutiu, Mihai Dan Roman, Razvan Silviu Cismasiu, Sorin Radu Fleaca, Crina Maria Popa, Manuela Mihalache, Victoria Birlutiu
BACKGROUND: In the context of an increase number of primary and revision total hip and total knee arthroplasty performed yearly, an increased risk of complication is expected. Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) remains the most common and feared arthroplasty complication. Ralstonia pickettii is a Gram-negative bacterium, that has also been identified in biofilms. It remains an extremely rare cause of PJI. There is no report of an identification of R. pickettii on an extracted spacer loaded with antibiotic...
July 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723917/evidence-base-and-practice-variation-in-acute-care-processes-for-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-surgeries
#3
Marcel Mayer, Justine Naylor, Ian Harris, Helen Badge, Sam Adie, Kathryn Mills, Joseph Descallar
BACKGROUND: Lack of evidence contributes to unnecessary variation in treatment costs and outcomes. This study aimed to identify from interventions historically used for total knee or hip arthroplasty (TKA, THA): i) if routine use is supported by high-level evidence; ii) whether surgeon use aligns with the evidence. METHODS: Part 1: Systematic search of electronic library databases for systematic reviews and practice guidelines concerning seven acute-care interventions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716026/short-stem-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-in-patients-60%C3%A2-years-or-younger-a-3-to-10-year-follow-up-study
#4
Antonio Capone, Fabrizio Bienati, Stefania Torchia, Daniele Podda, Giuseppe Marongiu
BACKGROUND: In young patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), short-stem total hip arthroplasty (THA) could allow a potential advantage in preserving metaphyseal bone-stock, when revision surgery might become necessary. However, only a few studies have evaluated the outcome of short-stem THAs in ONFH. We reviewed the prospectively collected data of a cementless partial neck-retaining short-stem with ceramic-on-ceramic bearings in ONFH patients. METHODS: Thirty patients (37 hips) younger than 60 years (mean age at surgery, 51...
July 17, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715928/lack-of-evidence-the-anti-stepwise-introduction-of-metal-on-metal-hip-replacements
#5
Aleksi Reito, Lari Lehtovirta, Olli Lainiala, Keijo Mäkelä, Antti Eskelinen
Background and purpose - Orthopedics and especially joint replacement surgery have had more than their fair share of unsuccessful innovations that have violated widely endorsed principles for the introduction of new surgical innovations. We aimed to investigate (1) the trends in the use of the Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR), the ASR hip resurfacing (ASR HRA) and the ASR XL total hip replacement (ASR XL THR) system with very different market approval processes and (2) whether their use was corroborated by clinical trials published in the peer-reviewed literature...
July 18, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715055/risk-of-surgical-site-infections-following-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-results-of-the-ischia-gisio-study
#6
A Agodi, F Auxilia, M Barchitta, M L Cristina, D D'Alessandro, I Mura, M Nobile, C Pasquarella, Gisio Gisio-SItI
BACKGROUND: Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is one of the major complications following insertion of hip or knee prosthesis. The aim of the present study was to describe rates of SSIs and associated risk factors during hip and knee prosthesis procedures in Italian hospitals. METHODS: Italian hospitals were invited to join the ISChIA (Surgical Site Infections in Arthroplasty Surgery) project and participated in the study on a voluntary basis. SSI surveillance was performed according to the Hospitals in Europe Link for Infection Control through Surveillance (HELICS) -SSI protocol...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713527/comparison-of-continuous-femoral-nerve-block-with-and-without-combined-sciatic-nerve-block-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomized-study
#7
Shoji Nishio, Shigeo Fukunishi, Tomokazu Fukui, Yuki Fujihara, Shohei Okahisa, Yu Takeda, Shinichi Yoshiya
In association with the growing interests in pain management, several modalities to control postoperative pain have been proposed and examined for the efficacy in the recent studies. Various modes of peripheral nerve block have been proposed and the effectiveness and safety have been examined for each of those techniques. We have described our clinical experiences, showing that continuous femoral nerve block could provide a satisfactory analgesic effect after total hip arthroplasty (THA) procedure. In this study, we compared the effectiveness and safety of continuous femoral nerve block with and without sciatic nerve blockade on pain control after THA...
June 23, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713523/cementless-one-stage-bilateral-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-osteoarthritis-patients-functional-outcomes-and-complications
#8
Afshin Taheriazam, Amin Saeidinia
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the successful and cost-benefit surgical treatments. One-stage bilateral THA (BTHA) has a large number of advantages, although there are concerns about the higher complications in this procedure. Aim of our study was to evaluate the complications and outcomes of cementless one-stage BTHA in osteoarthritis patients. A total of 147 patients from 2009 till 2012, underwent one-stage BTHA in Milad and Erfan hospitals, Tehran, Iran. A prospective analysis of the functional outcomes and complications of one-stage BTHA through Hardinge approach in patients with osteoarthritis was performed...
June 23, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712802/efficacy-of-a-pelvic-lateral-positioner-with-a-mechanical-cup-navigator-based-on-the-anatomical-pelvic-plane-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#9
Kentaro Iwakiri, Akio Kobayashi, Yoichi Ohta, Yukihide Minoda, Kunio Takaoka, Hiroaki Nakamura
BACKGROUND: The acetabular component orientation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is of critical importance to the good clinical results. However, traditional widely used cup alignment guides for cup placement are reported to be relatively unreliable. The present study aims at comparing a novel cup alignment guide, which can be attached to our anatomical pelvic plane (APP) pelvic lateral positioner for reducing discrepancies in sagittal pelvic tilt and indicate a targeted cup angle based on the APP, with a conventional cup alignment guide...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712798/region-and-insurance-plan-type-influence-discharge-disposition-after-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-evidence-from-the-privately-insured-us-population
#10
Marina Soley-Bori, Rene Soria-Saucedo, Bora Youn, Alex B Haynes, Ryan Macht, Colleen M Ryan, Jeffrey C Schneider, Lewis E Kazis
BACKGROUND: Little is known about regional variation in the use of postacute care services after elective procedures, such as total hip or knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA), and how insurance type may influence it. The goal of this study is to assess the influence of region and insurance arrangements on discharge disposition. METHODS: A representative sample of the privately insured US population with THA or TKA in 2009 or 2010 was obtained from the MarketScan database applying individual-level weights from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711342/birmingham-hip-resurfacing-vs-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-matched-pair-comparison-of-clinical-outcomes
#11
Victor R Ortiz-Declet, David A Iacobelli, Leslie C Yuen, Itay Perets, Austin W Chen, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Birmingham hip resurfacing (BHR) has proven to be a good alternative for younger patients with osteoarthritis. Some have asserted that BHR may yield outcomes which are superior to total hip arthroplasty (THA), and that some studies which failed to show a difference were plagued by ceiling effects and lack of sensitivity of outcome measures. The purpose of this study is to compare outcomes of BHR and THA using the "Forgotten Joint" Score-12 (FJS), a more sensitive score with lesser vulnerability to the ceiling effect...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711340/revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-the-kerboull-acetabular-reinforcement-device-and-structural-allograft-for-severe-defects-of-the-acetabulum
#12
Hiroyuki Makita, Marcel Kerboull, Yutaka Inaba, Taro Tezuka, Tomoyuki Saito, Luc Kerboull
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to review our experience with Kerboull reinforcement device combined with bulk allograft for management of severe acetabular defects. METHODS: We investigated the results of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) in 65 hips of 59 patients (10 male, 49 female) with Paprosky type 3A or 3B acetabular bone defects. Functional outcome was assessed using the Merle d'Aubigne hip score. Post-operative radiographs were examined for evidence of cup loosening...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709759/total-hip-arthroplasty-outcomes-an-18-year-experience-in-a-single-center-is-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-potential-risk-factor-for-adverse-outcomes
#13
Javier Merayo-Chalico, Marco Gónzalez-Contreras, Rigoberto Ortíz-Hernández, Jorge Alcocer-Varela, David Marcial, Diana Gómez-Martín
BACKGROUND: In patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), persistent joint activity and treatment with glucocorticoids are associated with musculoskeletal complications. About 30% of these patients become candidates for surgical treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate postoperative outcomes after total hip arthroplasty (THA) in SLE patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study at a tertiary care center in Mexico City between 1995 and 2013...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709757/current-trends-in-pain-management-in-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasties
#14
EDITORIAL
William A Jiranek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709659/in-vivo-hip-joint-loads-and-pedal-forces-during-ergometer-cycling
#15
P Damm, J Dymke, A Bender, G Duda, G Bergmann
The rising prevalence of osteoarthritis and an increase in total hip replacements calls for attention to potential therapeutic activities. Cycling is considered as a low impact exercise for the hip joint and hence recommended. However, there are limited data about hip joint loading to support this claim. The aim of this study was to measure synchronously the in vivo hip joint loads and pedal forces during cycling. The in vivo hip joint loads were measured in 5 patients with instrumented hip implants. Data were collected at several combinations of power and cadence, at two saddle heights...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709613/a-regional-registry-study-of-216-patients-investigating-if-patient-satisfaction-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-changes-over-a-time-period-of-five-to-20years
#16
Odei Shannak, Jeya Palan, Colin Esler
AIMS: To determine the temporal changes in patient dissatisfaction following primary knee arthroplasty surgery (TKA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three hundred and ninety patients that had previously indicated they were either dissatisfied or unsure with their TKA at one-year post-surgery in our region were mailed a simple questionnaire in addition to the Oxford Knee Score and EQ-5D. RESULTS: A 55% response rate was achieved. The mean follow-up time period was 9...
August 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708201/the-impact-of-trabecular-metal-on-hip-centre-of-rotation-in-revision-and-complex-primary-hip-arthroplasty-a-radiological-review
#17
Carl O'Brien, Cillian J Keogh, Ailish Hannigan, Stephen Brennan, Cian Kennedy, Rehan Gul, James A Harty
INTRODUCTION: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a very successful procedure. Revision THA is becoming increasingly common. Recent developments to improve outcomes include the development of large trabecular metal (TM) acetabular cups and augments. There is a paucity of data on the benefit of these new techniques. METHODS: A single-centre retrospective review consisting of a radiological review of post-op revision THA anteroposterior pelvis. Data collection was performed using the Irish National Orthopaedic Register (INOR) and from a previous project...
July 1, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708200/periacetabular-bone-densitometry-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-highly-porous-titanium-cups-a-2-year-follow-up-prospective-study
#18
Leo Massari, Alessandro Bistolfi, Pier Paolo Grillo, Alda Borré, Gaetano Gigliofiorito, Carlotta Pari, Andrea Francescotto, Piermario Tosco, Davide Deledda, Laura Ravera, Araldo Causero
INTRODUCTION: Trabecular Titanium is an advanced cellular solid structure, composed of regular multiplanar hexagonal interconnected cells that mimic the morphology of the trabecular bone. This biomaterial demonstrated improved mechanical properties and enhanced osteoinduction and osteoconduction in several in vitro and in vivo studies. The aim of this study was to assess Trabecular Titanium osseointegration by measuring periacetabular changes in bone mineral density (BMD) with dual-emission X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
July 1, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707829/-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-younger-than-50-years
#19
Matthieu Zingg, Morgan Gauthier, Didier Hannouche
Total hip replacement can provide pain relief and restore function in patients suffering from hip arthritis, including in those under the age of 50. However, shortened implant longevity in this age group has been a concern because the clinical results after revision surgery are inferior to those after primary hip arthroplasty. Technical choices (approach, implants, type of fixation and bearing couple) must be made to maximise longevity based on published data and thoroughly discussed with the patient. Finally, long term results (clinical outcome and implant longevity) associated with this surgery are such that it appears unnecessary to postpone the surgery once the indication is established...
December 14, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706440/reliability-of-an-integrated-ultrasound-and-stereophotogrammetric-system-for-lower-limb-anatomical-characterisation
#20
Frederick Greatrex, Erica Montefiori, Thomas Grupp, Josef Kozak, Claudia Mazzà
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity analysis for preoperative total knee and hip arthroplasty routines can increase surgery success rate and hence reduce associated costs. Current tools are limited by being invasive, limited to supine analysis, or too expensive. This study aimed to propose and validate a device, OrthoPilot®, based on the combined use of a stereophotogrammetric and ultrasound system which can in vivo and noninvasively measure varus/valgus, flexion/extension, femur and tibia torsion, and femur and tibia lengths...
2017: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
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