keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

phase-3 and carcinoma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149761/crizotinib-achieves-long-lasting-disease-control-in-advanced-papillary-renal-cell-carcinoma-type-1-patients-with-met-mutations-or-amplification-eortc-90101-create-trial
#1
Patrick Schöffski, Agnieszka Wozniak, Bernard Escudier, Piotr Rutkowski, Alan Anthoney, Sebastian Bauer, Jozef Sufliarsky, Carla van Herpen, Lars H Lindner, Viktor Grünwald, Branko Zakotnik, Evelyne Lerut, Maria Debiec-Rychter, Sandrine Marréaud, Michela Lia, Tiana Raveloarivahy, Sandra Collette, Laurence Albiges
PURPOSE: Papillary renal-cell carcinoma type 1 (PRCC1) is associated with MET gene alterations. Our phase II trial prospectively assessed the efficacy and safety of crizotinib in patients with advanced/metastatic PRCC1 with or without MET mutations (MET+ and MET-). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Eligible patients with reference pathology-confirmed PRCC1 received 250 mg oral crizotinib twice daily. Patients were attributed to MET+/MET- sub-cohorts by the sequencing of exons 16-19 of the MET gene in tumour tissue...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149427/the-impact-of-the-national-bowel-screening-program-in-the-netherlands-on-detection-and-treatment-of-endoscopically-unresectable-benign-polyps
#2
C C M Marres, C J Buskens, E Schriever, P C M Verbeek, M W Mundt, W A Bemelman, A W H van de Ven
BACKGROUND: In January 2014, a national bowel cancer screening program started in the Netherlands. The program is being implemented in phases until 2019. Due to this program, an increase in patients referred for a colorectal resection for benign, but endoscopically unresectable polyps, is expected. So far, most resections are performed according to oncological principles despite no pre-operative histological diagnosis of malignancy. The aim of this study was to analyze the increase in referred patients during the first year of the screening program and to compare pathological results and clinical outcome of resections of patients undergoing resection for benign polyps before and after implementation of screening...
November 17, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145543/association-of-ipilimumab-with-safety-and-antitumor-activity-in-women-with-metastatic-or-recurrent-human-papillomavirus-related-cervical-carcinoma
#3
Stephanie Lheureux, Marcus O Butler, Blaise Clarke, Mihaela C Cristea, Lainie P Martin, Katia Tonkin, Gini F Fleming, Anna V Tinker, Hal W Hirte, Daliah Tsoref, Helen Mackay, Neesha C Dhani, Prafull Ghatage, Johanne Weberpals, Stephen Welch, Nhu-An Pham, Vinicius Motta, Valentin Sotov, Lisa Wang, Katherine Karakasis, Smitha Udagani, Suzanne Kamel-Reid, Howard Z Streicher, Patricia Shaw, Amit M Oza
Importance: Based on evidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced immune evasion, immunotherapy may be an attractive strategy in cervical cancer. Ipilimumab is a fully humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4), which acts to downregulate the T-cell immune response. Objective: To assess the safety and antitumor activity of ipilimumab in recurrent cervical cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: A multicenter trial was designed for patients with metastatic cervical cancer (squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma) with measurable disease and progression after at least 1 line of platinum chemotherapy...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142833/the-effect-of-long-term-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-suppressive-therapy-on-the-gonadal-steroid-hormones-of-patients-with-thyroid-carcinoma-after-surgery
#4
Xiaoli Liu, Ying Zhou, Nan Liang, Yang Hong, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Hui Sun
Background: To analyze the effect of long-term thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppressive therapy on the gonadal hormones and related symptoms in patients after surgery. Methods: From 2008 to 2011, totally 238 patients were recruited, who underwent thyroid surgery and subsequent TSH suppression treatment in Department of thyroid Surgery, China-Japan Union hospital, Jilin University. Then their postoperative follow-up data (3-8 years) were collected, including operational method, pathological diagnosis, whether processed radioiodine therapy and the period/dose of TSH suppression treatment...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142404/chalepin-a-compound-from-ruta-angustifolia-l-pers-exhibits-cell-cycle-arrest-at-s-phase-suppresses-nuclear-factor-kappa-b-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-signal-transducer-and-activation-of-transcription-3-stat3-phosphorylation-and-extrinsic-apoptotic-pathway-in-non-small-cell
#5
Jaime Stella Moses Richardson, Norhaniza Aminudin, Sri Nurestri Abd Malek
Background: Plants have been a major source of inspiration in developing novel drug compounds in the treatment of various diseases that afflict human beings worldwide. Ruta angustifolia L. Pers known locally as Garuda has been conventionally used for various medicinal purposes such as in the treatment of cancer. Objective: A dihydrofuranocoumarin named chalepin, which was isolated from the chloroform extract of the plant, was tested on its ability to inhibit molecular pathways of human lung carcinoma (A549) cells...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138340/phase-i-study-of-chimeric-antigen-receptor-modified-t-cells-in-patients-with-egfr-positive-advanced-biliary-tract-cancers
#6
Yelei Guo, Kai-Chao Feng, Yang Liu, Zhiqiang Wu, Hanren Dai, Qing-Ming Yang, Yao Wang, Hejin Jia, Weidong Han
PURPOSE: This study is an expanded and parallel clinical trial of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-specific chimeric antigen receptor-engineered autologous T (CART) cell immunotherapy (NCT01869166) to assess the safety and activity of CART-EGFR cell therapy in EGFR-positive advanced unresectable, relapsed/metastatic biliary tract cancers (BTCs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with EGFR-positive (>50%) advanced unresectable, relapsed/metastatic BTCs were enrolled...
November 14, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137423/expression-of-the-%C3%AE-3-subunit-of-na-k-atpase-is-increased-in-gastric-cancer-and-regulates-gastric-cancer-cell-progression-and-prognosis-via-the-pi3-akt-pathway
#7
Li Li, Ru Feng, Qian Xu, Feiyue Zhang, Tong Liu, Jiang Cao, Sujuan Fei
ATP1B3 encodes the β3 subunit of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase and is located in the q22-23 region of chromosome 3. Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase participates in normal cellular activities but also plays a crucial role in carcinogenesis. In the present study, we found that expression of the β3 subunit of Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase was increased in human gastric cancer tissues compared with that in normal matched tissues and that this increased expression predicted a poor outcome. ATP1B3 expression was elevated at both the mRNA and protein levels in gastric cancer cell lines relative to those in a normal gastric epithelial cell line...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133247/contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-identifies-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-cirrhosis-a-large-multicenter-retrospective-study
#8
Eleonora Terzi, Massimo Iavarone, Maurizio Pompili, Letizia Veronese, Giuseppe Cabibbo, Mirella Fraquelli, Laura Riccardi, Ludovico De Bonis, Angelo Sangiovanni, Simona Leoni, Maria Assunta Zocco, Sandro Rossi, Nicola Alessi, Stephanie R Wilson, Fabio Piscaglia, Alessandro Granito, Veronica Salvatore, Francesco Tovoli, Matteo Angelo Manini, Gian Lodovico Rapaccini, Maria Elena Ainora, Valentina Ravetta, Giorgia Ghittoni, Agostino Ventra, Giuseppe Mogavero
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The use of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhosis was questioned for the risk of false positive diagnosis in case of cholangiocarcinoma. The American College of Radiology has recently released a scheme (CEUS LI-RADS) classifying lesions at risk for HCC investigated by CEUS. Aim of the present study was to validate this LI-RADS scheme for the diagnosis of HCC. METHODS: A total of 1006 nodules in 848 patients with chronic liver disease at risk for HCC collected in 5 Italian centers were retrospectively analyzed...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129687/coatomer-subunit-beta-2-copb2-identified-by-label-free-quantitative-proteomics-regulates-cell-proliferation-and-apoptosis-in-human-prostate-carcinoma-cells
#9
Yuanyuan Mi, Chuanyu Sun, Bingbing Wei, Feiyu Sun, Yijun Guo, Qingfeng Hu, Weihong Ding, Lijie Zhu, Guowei Xia
Label-free quantitative proteomics has broad applications in the identification of differentially expressed proteins. Here, we applied this method to identify differentially expressed proteins (such as coatomer subunit beta 2 [COPB2]) and evaluated the functions and molecular mechanisms of these proteins in prostate cancer (PCA) cell proliferation. Proteins extracted from surgically resected PCA tissues and adjacent tissues of 3 patients were analyzed by label-free quantitative proteomics. The target protein was confirmed by bioinformatics and GEO dataset analyses...
November 9, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129265/does-intra-tumoural-fat-on-mri-predict-visibility-of-small-%C3%A2-3-cm-hepatocellular-carcinomas-during-ultrasound-guided-tumour-ablation
#10
T C H Hui, I K H Huang, W K Lau, U Pua
AIM: To assess if intra-tumoural fat on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) affects the ultrasonographic (US) visibility of small (≤3 cm) hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) during radiofrequency ablation (RFA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained. A retrospective review of all patients who underwent image-guided ablation between 1 January 2010 and 31 April 2015 was performed. Patients with HCC who underwent US RFA were included. Inclusion criteria included small tumours (≤3 cm), treatment-naive cases or new focus of HCC in a different and untreated segment, and pre-procedural MRI...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128908/cetuximab-tpf-radiotherapy-in-oesophageal-cancer
#11
Maria Alsina, Fernando Rivera, Francisco Javier Ramos, Maica Galán, Rafael López, Pilar García-Alfonso, José Enrique Alés-Martinez, Bernardo Queralt, Antonio Antón, Alfredo Carrato, Cristina Grávalos, Maria José Méndez-Vidal, Carlos López, Inmaculada Ruiz de Mena, Josep Tabernero, Jordi Giralt, Enrique Aranda
BACKGROUND: Pre-operative chemoradiotherapy using a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/cisplatin backbone is widely used to improve surgical outcomes in locoregional oesophageal cancer patients, despite a non-negligible failure rate. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated intensification of this approach to improve patient outcomes by adding cetuximab to induction 5-FU/cisplatin/docetaxel (TPF) and to chemoradiotherapy in a phase II study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between November 2006 and April 2009, 50 patients with stage II-IVa squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus or gastro-oesophageal junction initiated three TPF/cetuximab cycles...
November 11, 2017: Targeted Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127587/copanlisib-first-global-approval
#12
Anthony Markham
Bayer are developing copanlisib (Aliqopa™)-a pan-class I phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor-as a treatment for various haematological and solid malignancies. The US FDA has granted copanlisib accelerated approval for the treatment of adults with relapsed follicular lymphoma who have received at least two prior systemic therapies based on the results of a phase II trial. Phase III trials are underway evaluating copanlisib as treatment for relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and in combination with rituximab or rituximab-based chemotherapy or standard immunochemotherapy in patients with relapsed indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma...
November 10, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127567/the-root-of-actinidia-chinensis-inhibits-hepatocellular-carcinomas-cells-through-lamb3
#13
Jiayun Hou, Lingyan Wang, Duojiao Wu
The root of Actinidia chinensis, as traditional Chinese medicine, has been shown to inhibit cell proliferation in numerous cancer cells. However, the mechanisms underlying its inhibitory activity remain unclear. Death rates of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are increasing, but therapies for advanced HCC are not well developed. We choose the extract from root of Actinidia chinensis (ERAC) to treat the HCC cell lines in vitro, displaying distinct effects on cell proliferation, S-phase cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis...
November 10, 2017: Cell Biology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123959/immunological-efficacy-of-glypican-3-peptide-vaccine-in-patients-with-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Nobuhiro Tsuchiya, Toshiaki Yoshikawa, Norihiro Fujinami, Keigo Saito, Shoichi Mizuno, Yu Sawada, Itaru Endo, Tetsuya Nakatsura
We have previously conducted a phase I trial to test the efficacy of a glypican-3 (GPC3) peptide vaccine in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, its immunological mechanism of action remains unclear. Here, we report a pilot study conducted to evaluate the immunological mechanisms of action of this GPC3 peptide vaccine (UMIN-CTR number 000005093). Eleven patients with advanced HCC were vaccinated with the GPC3 peptide in this trial. The primary end point was GPC3 peptide-specific immune response induced by the GPC3 peptide vaccination...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123378/10h-3-6-diazaphenothiazine-induces-g2-m-phase-cell-cycle-arrest-and-caspase-dependent-apoptosis-and-inhibits-cell-invasion-of-a2780-ovarian-carcinoma-cells-through-the-regulation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-birc6-xiap-complexes
#15
Jianxin Zhang, Chen Ming, Wenzhi Zhang, Patrick Nwabueze Okechukwu, Beata Morak-Młodawska, Krystian Pluta, Małgorzata Jeleń, Abdah Md Akim, Kok-Pian Ang, Kah Kooi Ooi
The asymptomatic properties and high treatment resistance of ovarian cancer result in poor treatment outcomes and high mortality rates. Although the fundamental chemotherapy provides promising anticancer activities, it is associated with severe side effects. The derivative of phenothiazine, namely, 10H-3,6-diazaphenothiazine (PTZ), was synthesized and reported with ideal anticancer effects in a previous paper. In this study, detailed anticancer properties of PTZ was examined on A2780 ovarian cancer cells by investigating the cytotoxicity profiles, mechanism of apoptosis, and cell invasion...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119762/-mortality-study-update-of-workers-exposed-to-vinyl-chloride-in-plants-located-in-ferrara-and-ravenna-emilia-romagna-region-northern-italy
#16
Corrado Scarnato, Rossella Rambaldi, Gianpiero Mancini, Sandra Olanda, Maria Rosa Spagnolo, Elisabetta Previati, Valerio Parmeggiani, Salvatore Minisci, Pietro Comba, Roberta Pirastu
OBJECTIVES: to update the mortality study of subjects exposed to vinyl chloride in the phases of synthesis of the monomer and polymerization in the plants of Ferrara and Ravenna (Emilia-Romagna Region, Northern Italy). DESIGN: both for the whole cohort and for the two plants, standardized mortality ratios (SMRs), with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI), were calculated for different death causes, then stratified by duration and latency, periods of the beginning of work and cumulative exposure (ppm-years)...
September 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117515/metformin-and-epothilone-a-treatment-up-regulate-pro-apoptotic-parp-1-casp-3-and-h2ax-genes-and-decrease-of-akt-kinase-level-to-control-cell-death-of-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-ovary-adenocarcinoma-cells
#17
Aneta Rogalska, Barbara Bukowska, Agnieszka Marczak
High mortality rates in ovarian and liver cancer are largely a result of resistance to currently used chemotherapy. Here, we investigated genotoxic and pro-oxidant effects of metformin (MET) and epothilone A (A) in combination with respect to apoptosis in HepG2 and SKOV-3 cancer cells. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) was studied using 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluoresein diacetate, and samples were analyzed for the presence and absence of the N-acetylcysteine (NAC). Expression of genes involved in programmed cell death, oxidative and alkylating DNA damage was measured...
November 5, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115938/carbon-ion-radiotherapy-for-80%C3%A2-years-or-older-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Shintaro Shiba, Takanori Abe, Kei Shibuya, Hiroyuki Katoh, Yoshinori Koyama, Hirohumi Shimada, Satoru Kakizaki, Ken Shirabe, Hiroyuki Kuwano, Tatsuya Ohno, Takashi Nakano
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of carbon ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) for 80 years or older patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Eligibility criteria of this retrospective study were: 1) HCC confirmed by histology or typical hallmarks of HCC by imaging techniques of four-phase multidetector-row computed tomography or dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging; 2) no intrahepatic metastasis or distant metastasis; 3) no findings suggesting direct infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract; 4) performance status ≤2 by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group classification; and 5) Child-Pugh classification A or B...
November 7, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115483/hepatocellular-toxicity-of-oxalicumone-a-via-oxidative-stress-injury-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-healthy-human-liver-cells
#19
Si Shi, Limei Yao, Kunbin Guo, Xiangyu Wang, Qi Wang, Weirong Li
The marine‑derived oxalicumone A (POA) has been demonstrated as a potent anti‑tumor bioactive agent for a variety of human carcinoma, but to the best of our knowledge, remains to be evaluated in healthy liver cells. As many drugs distribute preferentially in the liver, the present study aimed to investigate the effects of POA on apoptosis, oxidative stress and mitochondrial function in L‑02 healthy liver cells. A Cell‑Counting kit‑8 assay demonstrated that POA inhibits the proliferation of L‑02 cells in a dose‑ and time‑dependent manner...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113960/lesion-oxygenation-associates-with-clinical-outcomes-in-premalignant-and-early-stage-head-and-neck-tumors-treated-on-a-phase-1-trial-of-photodynamic-therapy
#20
Peter H Ahn, Jarod C Finlay, Shannon M Gallagher-Colombo, Harry Quon, Bert W O'Malley, Gregory S Weinstein, Ara Chalian, Kelly Malloy, Thomas Sollecito, Martin Greenberg, Charles B Simone, Sally McNulty, Alexander Lin, Timothy C Zhu, Virginia Livolsi, Michael Feldman, Rosemarie Mick, Keith A Cengel, Theresa M Busch
BACKGROUND: We report on a Phase 1 trial of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for superficial head and neck (H&N) lesions. Due to known oxygen dependencies of PDT, translational measurements of lesion hemoglobin oxygen saturation (StO2) and blood volume (tHb) were studied for associations with patient outcomes. METHODS: PDT with aminolevulinc acid (ALA) and escalating light doses was evaluated for high-grade dysplasia, carcinoma-in-situ, and microinvasive carcinomas of the H&N...
November 4, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
keyword
keyword
91258
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"