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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784366/raman-spectroscopy-for-wine-analyses-a-comparison-with-near-and-mid-infrared-spectroscopy
#1
Cláudia A Teixeira Dos Santos, Ricardo N M J Páscoa, Patrícia A L S Porto, António L Cerdeira, J M González-Sáiz, C Pizarro, João A Lopes
Routine wine analysis are commonly employed to ensure the quality and safety standards, and to meet consumers' demands and legal requirements. In the last decades, efforts have been done in order to replace the traditional analytical techniques by vibrational spectroscopic techniques such as near infrared (NIR) and mid infrared (MIR) spectroscopy. The potential of these techniques has already been proved by several studies that revealed their ability for the determination of several wine parameters with high levels of precision and accuracy...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769827/effects-of-a-4-week-very-low-carbohydrate-diet-on-high-intensity-interval-training-responses
#2
Lukas Cipryan, Daniel J Plews, Alessandro Ferretti, Phil B Maffetone, Paul B Laursen
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of altering from habitual mixed Western-based (HD) to a very low-carbohydrate high-fat (VLCHF) diet over a 4-week timecourse on performance and physiological responses during high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Eighteen moderately trained males (age 23.8 ± 2.1 years) consuming their HD (48 ± 13% carbohydrate, 17 ± 3% protein, 35 ± 9% fat) were assigned to 2 groups. One group was asked to remain on their HD, while the other was asked to switch to a non-standardized VLCHF diet (8 ± 3% carbohydrate, 29 ± 15% protein, 63 ± 13% fat) for 4 weeks...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762828/neoplasms-and-renal-transplantation-impact-of-gender-comorbidity-and-age-on-in-hospital-mortality-a-retrospective-study-in-the-region-emilia-romagna-of-italy
#3
F Fabbian, A De Giorgi, R Tiseo, R Cappadona, B Zucchi, M Rubbini, F Signani, A Storari, R De Giorgio, G La Manna, R Manfredini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the relationship between cancer, non-immunologic comorbidity, estimated by International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codification, gender and in-hospital mortality (IHM) in a large sample of renal transplant recipients (RTRs) living in the region Emilia-Romagna (RER) of Italy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated IHM in RTRs admitted between 2000 and 2013 recorded in the RER database...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762253/glucose-tolerance-is-linked-to-postprandial-fuel-use-independent-of-exercise-dose
#4
Nicole M Gilbertson, Natalie Z M Eichner, Monique Francois, Julian M Gaitán, Emily M Heiston, Arthur Weltman, Steven K Malin
PURPOSE: The optimal short-term exercise dose to improve glucose tolerance in relation to metabolic flexibility and/or insulin resistance is unknown. Therefore, we tested if short-term, work-matched continuous (CONT) versus interval (INT) exercise training improves glucose tolerance in part by reducing insulin resistance and increasing metabolic flexibility independent of clinically meaningful fat loss in adults with prediabetes. METHODS: Subjects (age 60.9±1.4y; BMI 33...
May 14, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754194/loss-of-p2x7-receptor-function-dampens-whole-body-energy-expenditure-and-fatty-acid-oxidation
#5
Giacomo Giacovazzo, Savina Apolloni, Roberto Coccurello
The established role of ATP-responsive P2X7 receptor in inflammatory, neurodegenerative, and immune diseases is now expanding to include several aspects of metabolic dysregulation. Indeed, P2X7 receptors are involved in β cell function, insulin secretion, and liability to diabetes, and loss of P2X7 function may increase the risk of hepatic steatosis and disrupt adipogenesis. Recently, body weight gain, abnormal lipid accumulation, adipocyte hyperplasia, increased fat mass, and ectopic fat distribution have been found in P2X7 KO mice...
May 12, 2018: Purinergic Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750451/in-memoriam-professor-dr-rer-nat-bj%C3%A3-rn-manfred-hausen-geboren-am-11-10-1940-in-gotenhafen-westpreu%C3%A3-en-gestorben-am-14-12-2017-in-stade
#6
Johannes Geier, Andreas Kleinheinz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730620/predicting-risk-of-hospitalisation-a-retrospective-population-based-analysis-in-a-paediatric-population-in-emilia-romagna-italy
#7
Daniel Z Louis, Clara A Callahan, Mary Robeson, Mengdan Liu, Jacquelyn McRae, Joseph S Gonnella, Marco Lombardi, Vittorio Maio
OBJECTIVES: Develop predictive models for a paediatric population that provide information for paediatricians and health authorities to identify children at risk of hospitalisation for conditions that may be impacted through improved patient care. DESIGN: Retrospective healthcare utilisation analysis with multivariable logistic regression models. DATA: Demographic information linked with utilisation of health services in the years 2006-2014 was used to predict risk of hospitalisation or death in 2015 using a longitudinal administrative database of 527 458 children aged 1-13 years residing in the Regione Emilia-Romagna (RER), Italy, in 2014...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722255/physiological-demands-of-standing-and-wheelchair-fencing-in-able-bodied-fencers
#8
Xavier Iglesias, Ferran A Rodríguez, Rafael Tarragó, Lindsay Bottoms, Lisímaco Vallejo, Lara Rodríguez-Zamora, Michael Price
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the cardiorespiratory demands of standing and wheelchair (seated) fencing in a group of able-bodied fencers during simulated competitive bouts. METHODS: Participants were ten male able-bodied fencers of regional level with previous training experience in wheelchair fencing. After a standardised warm-up participants performed two series of simulated competitive épée bouts (5 and 15 touches) in a random order, either while standing or while sitting in a wheelchair...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694272/effect-of-mouthguard-use-on-metabolic-and-cardiorespiratory-responses-to-aerobic-exercise-in-males
#9
Michael S Green, Amanda K Benson, Tyler D Martin
PURPOSE: This study investigated the physiological effects of wearing a mouthguard during submaximal treadmill exercise. METHOD: Twenty-four recreationally active males (Mage = 21.3 ± 2.4 years, Mheight = 1.78 ± 0.06 m, Mweight = 81.9 ± 10.6 kg, Mbody mass index = 25.8 ± 3.4 kg·m-2 ) performed incremental, continuous exercise at 2, 4, 6, and 8 mph (3.2, 6.4, 9.7, 12.9 kph) for 5 min at each speed on a motor-driven treadmill on 2 separate occasions in a randomized, crossover, counterbalanced design while wearing or not wearing a self-adaptable "boil and bite" mouthguard...
April 25, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688556/dynamics-of-nutrient-utilization-heat-production-and-body-composition-in-broiler-breeder-hens-during-egg-production
#10
Justina V Caldas, Katie Hilton, Nirun Boonsinchai, Judith A England, Andy Mauromoustakos, Craig N Coon
Changes in heat production (HP) and body composition (BC) in modern broiler breeders can provide means to understand nutrient utilization. Twelve Cobb 500 breeders were evaluated 10 times from 26 to 59 wk of age. The same wired caged breeders were moved to respiratory chambers connected to an indirect calorimetry to obtain oxygen consumption (VO2) and carbon dioxide production (VCO2), HP, and respiratory exchange ratio (RER). The same hens were evaluated for BC using a dual X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). Data were analyzed during light (16 h) and dark (8 h) period using a mixed model to evaluate calorimetry parameters, a factorial design 2 × 10 for normalized calorimetry parameters, and Complete Randomized Design (CRD)-one way ANOVA for BC...
April 24, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673243/the-effect-of-additional-carbohydrate-supplements-for-7-days-after-prolonged-interval-exercise-on-exercise-performance-and-energy-metabolism-during-submaximal-exercise-in-team-sports-athletes
#11
Hun-Young Park, Jisu Kim, Miyoung Park, Nana Chung, Kiwon Lim
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to determine the effectiveness of carbohydrate loading by additional carbohydrate supplements for 7 days after prolonged interval exercise on exercise performance and energy metabolism during submaximal exercise in team-sports athletes. METHODS: Twenty male team-sports athletes (14 soccer and 6 rugby players) volunteered to participate in the study and were equally divided into the experimental group (EXP, n=10) performing additional carbohydrate supplementation for 7 days after prolonged interval exercise until blood glucose level reaches 50 mg/dL or less and the control group (CON, n=10)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663763/catheter-based-left-atrial-appendage-closure
#12
Ketil Lunde, Ahmed Al-Ani, Reidar Bjørnerheim, Anders Hervold, Anders Opdahl, Jan Otto Beitnes
BAKGRUNN: Atrieflimmer er en vanlig tilstand i befolkningen og gir økt risiko for hjerneslag. Antikoagulasjonsbehandling er effektivt for å forebygge tromboembolisme ved atrieflimmer, men av ulike grunner blir mange atrieflimmerpasienter med indikasjon for antikoagulasjonsbehandling ikke behandlet. Kateterbasert lukking av venstre atriums aurikkel er en ny metode for å forebygge hjerneslag ved atrieflimmer. MATERIALE OG METODE: I perioden september 2014-april 2016 gjennomgikk 27 pasienter med atrieflimmer og høy risiko for hjerneslag forsøk på kateterbasert lukking av venstre atriums aurikkel ved Oslo universitetssykehus...
April 17, 2018: Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lægeforening: Tidsskrift for Praktisk Medicin, Ny Række
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658183/determining-the-accuracy-and-reliability-of-indirect-calorimeters-utilizing-the-methanol-combustion-technique
#13
Sepideh Kaviani, Dale A Schoeller, Eric Ravussin, Edward L Melanson, Sarah T Henes, Lara R Dugas, Ronald E Dechert, George Mitri, Paul F M Schoffelen, Pim Gubbels, Asa Tornberg, Stephen Garland, Marco Akkermans, Jamie A Cooper
BACKGROUND: Several indirect calorimetry (IC) instruments are commercially available, but comparative validity and reliability data are lacking. Existing data are limited by inconsistencies in protocols, subject characteristics, or single-instrument validation comparisons. The aim of this study was to compare accuracy and reliability of metabolic carts using methanol combustion as the cross-laboratory criterion. METHODS: Eight 20-minute methanol burn trials were completed on 12 metabolic carts...
April 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645391/%C3%A3-gdv-preistr%C3%A3-ger-stellen-sich-vor-der-wissenschaftspreis-der-%C3%A3-gdv-2017-ging-an-dr-rer-nat-stefan-hainzl-und-dr-rer-nat-patricia-peking-aus-salzburg
#14
Stefan Hainzl, Patricia Peking
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626373/sex-dimorphism-of-substrate-utilization-differences-in-skeletal-muscle-mitochondrial-volume-density-and-function
#15
David Montero, Klavs Madsen, Anne-Kristine Meinild-Lundby, Fredrik Edin, Carsten Lundby
Fat oxidation during exercise is higher in females than males. We sought to determine whether sex differences in substrate metabolism are paralleled by distinct skeletal muscle mitochondrial volume density and oxidative capacity. Whole-body substrate (fat, carbohydrate (CHO)) utilization during submaximal treadmill running was assessed and skeletal muscle biopsies were taken to determine mitochondrial volume density (MitoVD ) and function in healthy young females (n = 12) and males (n = 12) matched by aerobic exercise capacity (VO2max ) and exercise performance...
April 6, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624475/access-to-strong-opioid-analgesics-in-the-context-of-legal-and-regulatory-barriers-in-eleven-central-and-eastern-european-countries
#16
Marjolein J M Vranken, Aukje K Mantel-Teeuwisse, Marie-Hélène D B Schutjens, Willem K Scholten, Saskia Jünger, Dr Rer Medic, Hubert G M Leufkens
BACKGROUND: In 2011-2013, >95% of the global opioid analgesics consumption occurred in three regions, accounting for 15% of the world population. Despite abundant literature on barriers to access, little is known on the correlation between actual access to opioid analgesics and barriers to access, including legal and regulatory barriers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between access to strong opioid analgesics and barriers to access in national legislation and regulations in 11 central and eastern European countries that participated in the Access to Opioid Medication in Europe (ATOME) project...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570580/effects-of-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-in-well-trained-cyclists-aerobic-and-anaerobic-performance
#17
Fábio C Karasiak, Luiz Guilherme A Guglielmo
This study purpose was to analyze the effect of EIMD in gross efficiency and in aerobic and anaerobic cycling performance. Nine well-trained cyclists (30.8 ± 6.4 years, cycling experience 8.4 ± 5.6 years) visited the laboratory 5 times. During the first visit, they performed a maximal incremental test on a cycle ergometer, to identify VO2max (55.2 ± 4.9 mL.kg.min) and maximum aerobic power (Pmax; 327.0 ± 28.5 watts). During the second visit (control), they cycled 5 minutes at 60% of Pmax, 5 minutes at 70% of Pmax, 5 minutes time-trial, and Wingate test...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567826/treatment-and-survival-of-patients-with-colon-cancer-aged-80-years-and-older-a-eurecca-international-comparison
#18
Nina C A Vermeer, Yvette H M Claassen, Marloes G M Derks, Lene H Iversen, Elizabeth van Eycken, Marianne G Guren, Pawel Mroczkowski, Anna Martling, Robert Johansson, Tamara Vandendael, Arne Wibe, Bjorn Moller, Hans Lippert, Johanneke E A Portielje, Gerrit Jan Liefers, Koen C M J Peeters, Cornelis J H van de Velde, Esther Bastiaannet
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer in older patients represents a major public health issue. As older patients are hardly included in clinical trials, the optimal treatment of these patients remains unclear. The present international EURECCA comparison explores possible associations between treatment and survival outcomes in elderly colon cancer patients. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: National data from Belgium, Denmark, The Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden were obtained, as well as a multicenter surgery cohort from Germany...
March 22, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565052/-accessibility-of-home-palliative-care-and-place-of-death-of-cancer-patients-data-analysis-of-the-emilia-romagna-region
#19
Andrea A Martoni, Elena Strocchi
INTRODUCTION: The ANT Foundation is one of the main non-profit organizations providing palliative care in Italy. For more than 30 years, it has developed a comprehensive home palliative care program for cancer patients predominately active in the Bologna province. One of its main achievements has allowed for the majority of patients to be assisted at home during the last weeks of their lives until time of death. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the possible impact of the ANT program on health data relating to the location of where cancer patients die within the Local Health Care system area (AUSL) of Bologna, compared to what happens in the other AUSLs of the Emilia-Romagna Region (ERR) where it is not present...
March 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555580/the-effects-of-morphine-on-gas-exchange-ventilation-pattern-and-ventilatory-responses-to-hypercapnia-and-hypoxia-in-dwarf-caiman-paleosuchus-palpebrosus
#20
Christian Lind Malte, Jonas Bundgaard, Michael Schou Jensen, Mads Frost Bertelsen, Tobias Wang
Morphine and other opioids cause respiratory depression in high doses and lower the ventilatory responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia in mammals. Recent studies indicate that turtles respond similarly, but although they are used routinely for post-surgical analgesia, little is known about the physiological effects of opioids in reptiles. We therefore investigated the effects of morphine (10 and 20 mg kg-1 ) on gas exchange and ventilation in six dwarf caiman (Paleosuchus palpebrosus) using pneumotachography in a crossover design...
March 17, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
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