keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

(lung cancer) and (angiogenesis)

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212278/the-effect-of-the-human-peptide-ghk-on-gene-expression-relevant-to-nervous-system-function-and-cognitive-decline
#1
Loren Pickart, Jessica Michelle Vasquez-Soltero, Anna Margolina
Neurodegeneration, the progressive death of neurons, loss of brain function, and cognitive decline is an increasing problem for senior populations. Its causes are poorly understood and therapies are largely ineffective. Neurons, with high energy and oxygen requirements, are especially vulnerable to detrimental factors, including age-related dysregulation of biochemical pathways caused by altered expression of multiple genes. GHK (glycyl-l-histidyl-l-lysine) is a human copper-binding peptide with biological actions that appear to counter aging-associated diseases and conditions...
February 15, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199967/pre-clinical-evaluation-of-small-molecule-loxl2-inhibitors-in-breast-cancer
#2
Joan Chang, Morghan C Lucas, Lidia E Leonte, Marc Garcia-Montolio, Lukram Babloo Singh, Alison D Findlay, Mandar Deodhar, Jonathan S Foot, Wolfgang Jarolimek, Paul Timpson, Janine T Erler, Thomas R Cox
Lysyl Oxidase-like 2 (LOXL2), a member of the lysyl oxidase family of amine oxidases is known to be important in normal tissue development and homeostasis, as well as the onset and progression of solid tumors. Here we tested the anti-tumor properties of two generations of novel small molecule LOXL2 inhibitor in the MDA-MB-231 human model of breast cancer. We confirmed a functional role for LOXL2 activity in the progression of primary breast cancer. Inhibition of LOXL2 activity inhibited the growth of primary tumors and reduced primary tumor angiogenesis...
February 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197388/inhibition-of-tumor-growth-and-metastasis-by-emmprin-multiple-antigenic-peptide-map-vaccination-is-mediated-by-immune-modulation
#3
Elina Simanovich, Vera Brod, Maya M Rahat, Ella Drazdov, Miriam Walter, Jivan Shakya, Michal A Rahat
Previously, we have identified a new epitope in EMMPRIN, a multifunctional protein that mediates tumor cell-macrophage interactions and induces both MMP-9 and VEGF. Here, we synthesized this epitope as an octa-branched multiple antigenic peptide (MAP) to vaccinate mice implanted with subcutaneous syngeneic colon (CT26), prostate (TRAMP-C2) or renal (RENCA) cell line carcinomas. Vaccination inhibited, and sometimes regressed, tumor growth in a dose-dependent manner, reaching 94%, 71% and 72% inhibition, respectively, at a 50 μg dose (p < 0...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196865/s-palmitoylation-of-junctional-adhesion-molecule-c-regulates-its-tight-junction-localization-and-cell-migration
#4
Pornpun Aramsangtienchai, Nicole A Spiegelman, Ji Cao, Hening Lin
Junctional Adhesion Molecule C (JAM-C) is an immunoglobulin superfamily protein expressed in epithelial cells, endothelial cells, and leukocytes. JAM-C has been implicated in leukocyte transendothelial migration, angiogenesis, cell-adhesion, cell polarity, spermatogenesis and metastasis. Here, we show that JAM-C undergoes S-palmitoylation on two juxtamembrane cysteine residues, Cys264 and Cys265. We have identified DHHC7 as a JAM-C palmitoylating enzyme by screening all known palmitoyltransferases (PATs or DHHCs)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196140/hypoxia-inducible-factors-regulate-the-transcription-of-the-sprouty2-gene-and-expression-of-the-sprouty2-protein
#5
Xianlong Gao, Kristin C Hicks, Paul Neumann, Tarun B Patel
Receptor Tyrosine Kinase (RTK) signaling plays a major role in tumorigenesis and normal development. Sprouty2 (Spry2) attenuates RTK signaling and inhibits processes such as angiogenesis, cell proliferation, migration and survival, which are all upregulated in tumors. Indeed in cancers of the liver, lung, prostate and breast, Spry2 protein levels are markedly decreased correlating with poor patient prognosis and shorter survival. Thus, it is important to understand how expression of Spry2 is regulated. While prior studies have focused on the post-translation regulation of Spry2, very few studies have focused on the transcriptional regulation of SPRY2 gene...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192876/determination-of-16-serum-angiogenic-factors-in-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-using-a-bead-based-multiplex-immunoassay
#6
Agnieszka Klupczynska, Paweł Dereziński, Jan Matysiak, Wojciech Dyszkiewicz, Mariusz Kasprzyk, Zenon J Kokot
The aim of the study was to identify significant abnormalities in angiogenic factor profiles occurring at early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Contrary to the previous studies, our research included patients with only stage I NSCLC, which allowed for estimating the utility of circulating angiogenic factors in early NSCLC detection. The investigation was performed in serum samples collected from individuals with untreated NSCLC (n=41) and a matched control group of healthy individuals (n=61). All patients had histopathologically-confirmed stage IA or IB NSCLC...
February 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179309/importance-of-bevacizumab-maintenance-following-combination-chemotherapy-in-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-xenograft-models
#7
Nobuyuki Ishikura, Mieko Yanagisawa, Mariko Noguchi-Sasaki, Toshiki Iwai, Keigo Yorozu, Mitsue Kurasawa, Masamichi Sugimoto, Kaname Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: Bevacizumab in combination with chemotherapeutics has shown significant survival benefit in clinical studies in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Since bevacizumab was administered as standard treatment until disease progression, the importance of bevacizumab during the maintenance phase was not prospectively investigated in these studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three human NSCLC cell line xenograft models were used to investigate antitumor effect of bevacizumab and tumor microvessel density (MVD) was analyzed...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173828/cancer-cells-increase-endothelial-cell-tube-formation-and-survival-by-activating-the-pi3k-akt-signalling-pathway
#8
Hao-Wei Cheng, Yi-Fang Chen, Jau-Min Wong, Chia-Wei Weng, Hsuan-Yu Chen, Sung-Liang Yu, Huei-Wen Chen, Ang Yuan, Jeremy J W Chen
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis is a hallmark of cancer and plays a critical role in lung cancer progression, which involves interactions between cancer cells, endothelial cells and the surrounding microenvironment. However, the gene expression profiles and the changes in the biological phenotype of vascular endothelial cells after interactions with lung cancer cells remain unclear. METHODS: An indirect transwell co-culture system was used to survey the interaction between human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human lung adenocarcinoma CL1-5 cells, as well as to investigate the morphological and molecular changes of HUVECs...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166197/chemerin-has-a-protective-role-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-inhibiting-the-expression-of-il-6-and-gm-csf-and-mdsc-accumulation
#9
Y Lin, X Yang, W Liu, B Li, W Yin, Y Shi, R He
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is linked to inflammation and immunosuppression. Chemerin is highly expressed in the liver and implicated in the regulation of inflammation. However, the role of chemerin in HCC remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether chemerin is able to influence HCC progression by regulating tumor-associated inflammation. Here we demonstrated that chemerin significantly decreased in blood and tumor tissues of HCC patients, and tumor chemerin levels were inversely associated with the prognosis...
February 6, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165898/elusive-target-of-angiogenesis-in-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Joel W Neal, Heather A Wakelee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160492/a-prognostic-4-gene-expression-signature-for-squamous-cell-lung-carcinoma
#11
Jun Li, Jing Wang, Yanbin Chen, Lijie Yang, Sheng Chen
Squamous cell lung carcinoma (SQCLC), a common and fatal subtype of lung cancer, caused lots of mortalities and showed different outcomes in prognosis. This study was to screen key genes and to figure a prognostic signature to cluster the patients with SQCLC. RNA-Seq data from 550 patients with SQCLC were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Genetically changed genes were identified and analyzed in univariate survival analysis. Genes significantly influencing prognosis were selected with frequency higher than 100 in lasso regression...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153500/endothelin-causes-transactivation-of-the-egfr-and-her2-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#12
Terry W Moody, Irene Ramos-Alvarez, Paula Moreno, Samuel A Mantey, Lisa Ridnour, David Wink, Robert T Jensen
Endothelin (ET)-1 is an important peptide in cancer progression stimulating cellular proliferation, tumor angiogenesis and metastasis. ET-1 binds with high affinity to the ETA receptor (R) and ETBR on cancer cells. High levels of tumor ET-1 and ETAR are associated with poor survival of lung cancer patients. Here the effects of ET-1 on epidermal growth factor (EGF)R and HER2 transactivation were investigated using non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. ETAR mRNA was present in all 10 NSCLC cell lines examined...
January 31, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152501/breast-cancer-cell-cyclooxygenase-2-expression-alters-extracellular-matrix-structure-and-function-and-numbers-of-cancer-associated-fibroblasts
#13
Balaji Krishnamachary, Ioannis Stasinopoulos, Samata Kakkad, Marie-France Penet, Desmond Jacob, Flonne Wildes, Yelena Mironchik, Arvind P Pathak, Meiyappan Solaiyappan, Zaver M Bhujwalla
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a critically important mediator of inflammation that significantly influences tumor angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis. We investigated the role of COX-2 expressed by triple negative breast cancer cells in altering the structure and function of the extracellular matrix (ECM). COX-2 downregulation effects on ECM structure and function were investigated using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy of tumors derived from triple negative MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, and a derived clone stably expressing a short hairpin (shRNA) molecule downregulating COX-2...
January 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149756/anti-angiogenetic-therapies-for-central-nervous-system-metastases-from-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Consuelo Buttigliero, Valentina Bertaglia, Silvia Novello
Central nervous system (CNS) metastases are common in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), occurring in 24% to 44% of patients in the course of their disease and confer significant morbidity and mortality. Systemic therapies have been deemed ineffective in brain metastases (BM) under the hypothesis that the blood-brain barrier (BBB) limits their delivery to the brain. Angiogenesis, which is mainly mediated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway, is crucial for tumor survival, growth and invasion both in primary and metastatic brain lesions...
December 2016: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147314/the-antiangiogenic-role-of-the-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-interleukin-31
#15
Shiri Davidi, Ella Fremder, Tal Kan, Ziv Raviv, Michael Timaner, Nathan Karin, Dov Hershkovitz, Ami Arohneim, Yuval Shaked
Pro-inflammatory cytokines in the tumor microenvironment are known for their ability to either inhibit or promote cancer progression. Here we evaluated the role of Interleukin-31 (IL31), a protein belonging to the pro-inflammatory IL-6 cytokine family which has been characterized in autoimmune disease, in tumorigenesis. We show that IL31 and its receptor, IL31RA, are highly expressed in various human and mouse cancer cell lines, as well as in tumor specimens from cancer patients. MC38 murine colon carcinoma cells depleted of IL31 exhibit an increase in invasive and migratory properties in vitro, effects that are reversed by supplementing the cells with exogenous IL31...
January 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138259/advances-in-antiangiogenic-treatment-of-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Hongyang Lu, Zhiming Jiang
Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), a poorly differentiated neuroendocrine malignancy, has a rapid growth rate, strong aggressiveness, early metastases, and poor prognosis. Angiogenesis greatly contributes to the metastatic process of SCLC, which has a higher vascularization compared with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). SCLC might constitute an ideal malignancy for assessing new antiangiogenic drugs and therapeutic strategies. Combining bevacizumab with paclitaxel has therapeutic benefits in chemoresistant, relapsed SCLC...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123567/inhibitory-effect-of-dexamethasone-on-residual-lewis-lung-cancer-cells-in-mice-following-palliative-surgery
#17
Ningbo Sun, Huaijun Ji, Wei Wang, Qiang Zhu, Ming Cao, Qi Zang
Previous studies found that glucocorticoids were closely associated with the oncogenesis and development of numerous types of tumors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of dexamethasone on the growth and angiogenesis of Lewis lung cancer cells in mice who received palliative surgery. Lewis lung carcinoma cells were inoculated subcutaneously into the right axilla of C57BL/6 mice. When tumor diameter reached 0.5 cm, 2 weeks later, palliative surgery was performed, and the mice were randomly divided into 3 groups with 6 animals in each group (control group, cisplatin group and dexamethasone group)...
January 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123472/microrna-376b-promotes-breast-cancer-metastasis-by-targeting-hoxd10-directly
#18
Ning An, Xinmei Luo, Ming Zhang, Ruilian Yu
Breast cancer is the most common malignant disease in women, and metastasis formed at distant anatomic sites was the major cause of cancer-related mortality. Thus, a novel therapy target and progression biomarker for breast cancer metastasis was necessary. microRNA (miR)-376b has been demonstrated to regulate angiogenesis; however, its role in cancer metastasis remains elusive. In the present study, the expression of miR-376b in normal breast tissue, JC and 4T1 cells was determined by qPCR. Furthermore, in vitro and in vivo experiments were performed to determine the effect of miR-376b on breast cancer metastasis...
January 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119812/inhalable-oridonin-loaded-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-large-porous-microparticles-for-in-situ-treatment-of-primary-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#19
Lifei Zhu, Miao Li, Xiaoyan Liu, Lina Du, Yiguang Jin
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for about 85% of all lung cancers. Traditional chemotherapy for this disease leads to serious side effects. Here we prepared an inhalable oridonin-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic)acid (PLGA) large porous microparticle (LPMP) for in situ treatment of NSCLC with the emulsion/solvent evaporation/freeze-drying method. The LPMPs were smooth spheres with many internal pores. Despite a geometric diameter of ~10 µm, the aerodynamic diameter of the spheres was only 2.72 µm, leading to highly efficient lung deposition...
January 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117425/the-role-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-small-airway-remodelling-in-a-rat-model-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
Lu Wang, Zhibo Xu, Bin Chen, Wei He, Jingxian Hu, Liting Zhang, Xianzhong Liu, Fang Chen
Small-airway remodelling is one of the most remarkable pathological features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), in which angiogenesis plays a critical role that contributes to disease progression. The endothelial cell-specific mitogen vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), as well as its receptors, VEGFR1, VEGFR2, are thought to be the major mediators of pathological angiogenesis, and sunitinib exhibits anti-angiogenesis property through VEGF blockage and has been widely used to treat various cancers...
January 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
91241
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"