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Isolated sphenoid sinus lesions

Fakih Cihat Eravcı, Alper Ceylan, Mehmet Göcek, Fikret İlerı, Süleyman Sabri Uslu, Metin Yılmaz, Yusuf Kızıl
Background/aim: Isolated sphenoid sinus-derived lesions are rare and generally present with unclear symptoms. We are sharing our experience to be mindful of such lesions in differential diagnosis and to help accomplish successful treatment while avoiding revisions and complications.Materials and methods: Data from patients who underwent isolated sphenoid sinus surgeries (ISSs) were retrospectively extracted from the period of January 2005 to August 2015. Demographic data, chief complaints and presenting symptoms, imaging findings, surgical management, and results were evaluated...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Supranee Fooanant, Salita Angkurawaranon, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Kannika Roongrotwattanasiri, Saisawat Chaiyasate
OBJECTIVE: To review and report diseases of the sphenoid sinus from the literature and from a university hospital. METHODS: Inpatients' data were retrospectively gathered and reviewed from January 2006 to June 2016. Clinical data, imaging, organisms, and pathological reports were collected. Pathology was divided into infection/inflammation, tumor, and miscellaneous. A literature review was performed with the search term "isolated sphenoid disease" in PubMed. Original primary studies with 20 patients or more were reviewed...
2017: International Journal of Otolaryngology
William J Moss, Andrey Finegersh, Aria Jafari, Bharat Panuganti, Charles S Coffey, Adam DeConde, Jacob Husseman
BACKGROUND: Isolated sphenoid sinus opacifications (ISSOs) represent a relatively uncommon disease with the potential for serious complications. To better understand this disease, we performed a systematic review to further characterize the underlying pathologies, associated symptoms, and treatment outcomes of patients with ISSOs. METHODS: A systematic review of ISSO case series was performed utilizing the Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases in accordance with guidelines established by PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses)...
October 12, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Mathew R Voisin, Sanskriti Sasikumar, Jeremy H Russell, Gelareh Zadeh
The authors report a case of a 22-year-old otherwise healthy female who presented following a head injury during a bar altercation, with no associated loss of consciousness and an unknown mechanism of injury. Examination revealed an isolated 1cm laceration on the right upper eyelid, superior to her medial canthus. She experienced diplopia on right horizontal gaze due to a left internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) with an associated left conjugate horizontal gaze palsy, collectively described as a left one-and-a-half syndrome...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Bobby A Tajudeen, Edward C Kuan, Nithin D Adappa, Joseph K Han, Rakesh K Chandra, James N Palmer, David W Kennedy, Marilene B Wang, Jeffrey D Suh
Background An ectopic pituitary adenoma presenting as a clival or sphenoid mass is a rare clinical occurrence that may mislead the clinician and result in unnecessary interventions or potential medicolegal consequences. Here, we present one of the largest multi-institutional case series and review the literature with an emphasis on radiological findings and critical preoperative workup. Methods Retrospective chart review. Results Nine patients were identified with ectopic pituitary adenomas of the sphenoid or clivus...
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Nishanth Sadashiva, B N Nandeesh, Dhaval Shukla, Dhananjaya Bhat, Sampath Somanna, Bhagavatula Indira Devi
INTRODUCTION: The sphenoid sinus is often neglected because of its difficult access. The deep position of the sphenoid sinus hinders early diagnosis of pathologies in that location. Delayed diagnosis can cause serious complications due to proximity to many important structures. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to demonstrate different pathologies which can affect the sphenoid sinus and elucidate the findings. METHODS: Cases of isolated sphenoid sinus lesions encountered in the neurosurgical setting which had rare pathologies are discussed...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Yu-Hsuan Lin, Po-Chin Wang, Yaoh-Shiang Lin
Sinonasal organized hematoma (SNOH) is rarely encountered in clinical practice. The disease demonstrates a high tendency for occurrence in East Asian individuals, and in the majority of cases, is located in the maxillary sinus. The current report presents the case of an 81-year-old female who developed a space-occupying lesion, which masqueraded as a skull base malignancy, following surgery for the treatment of isolated sphenoid sinus aspergilloma. Subsequent endoscopic endonasal surgery confirmed the diagnosis of an OH of the sphenoid sinus...
June 2016: Oncology Letters
J Massoubre, N Saroul, J-E Vokwely, B Lietin, T Mom, L Gilain
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to retrospectively review the postoperative results of transnasal transostial sphenoidotomy in 79 patients with isolated chronic sphenoid sinusitis operated between 1995 and 2013 and evaluate the recurrence rate due to postoperative closure of the sphenoidotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine patients, 44 women and 35 men (M:F sex ratio: 0.79) aged 10 to 84 years (mean age: 48), were included. The most common presenting symptom was headache in 61% of cases...
September 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Suha Beton, Hazan Basak, Emre Ocak, Babur Kucuk, Irfan Yorulmaz, Cem Meco
Isolated sphenoid sinus disease (ISSD) describes a wide spectrum of pathologies including inflammatory, vascular, bony dysplastic, and neoplastic diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency with which a neoplastic process was diagnosed in patients of ISSD and patient management strategies. A retrospective analysis was conducted for all ISSD patients who underwent surgery between January 2005 and January 2014 at a tertiary center. The clinical characteristics, radiologic studies, operative findings, endoscopic surgical techniques, pathology results, and treatment outcomes of the patients were analyzed...
January 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To present the first case in the English literature of a sphenoid xanthoma. METHODS: Case Report DISCUSSION: A 36 year-old Hispanic female with past medical history of Hashimoto's hypothyroidism and family history of hyperlipidemia that presented with a 1-year history of sporadic left sided epistaxis. A paranasal sinus Computed Tomography (CT) was performed revealing a soft tissue lesion infiltrating the left sphenoid sinus. Patient underwent endoscopic sinus sphenoidotomy with intraoperative findings of a yellow-tan, friable soft tissue mass filling the left sphenoid sinus...
April 2015: Boletín de la Asociación Médica de Puerto Rico
Hai-Yu Hong, Yan-Ni Li, Yun-Ping Fan, Shao-Yan Feng, Jie-Bing Gao
The aim of this study was to develop a less invasive trans-septal approach for the endoscopic management of sphenoid sinus lesions. We performed a septal-assisted surgical procedure for endoscopic sphenoidectomy in 38 patients with isolated or combined sphenoidal sinus lesions, including fungal balls, mucoceles, purulent cystic sphenoidal sinusitis, etc. The posterior portion of the nasal septum became flexible after removal of the vomer and the sphenoidal rostrum. The superior portion of the common meatus was expanded to accommodate the endoscope after the septum was repositioned contra-laterally...
August 2015: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Jae-Heon Lee, Hyun-Jik Kim, Young-Ho Hong, Kyung-Soo Kim
OBJECTIVES: Differential diagnosis is essential, since secondary headache due to paranasal sinus lesions are similar in headache characteristics to primary headache. However, since patients visiting the emergency department due to acute severe headache are primarily treated by neurologists, paranasal sinuses lesions and anatomical variations of the nasal cavity causing the headache are commonly overlooked because of the clinician's lack of knowledge about rhinosinugenic headache. This study investigated the prevalence of paranasal sinus lesions and anatomical variations that may cause secondary headaches in patients who were diagnosed as primary headache and treated by neurologists in the emergency room...
June 2015: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
Tomislav Sajko, Živko Gnjidić, Nikolina Sesar, Maša Malenica
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous appearance of sphenoid sinus aspergilloma and pituitary adenoma is a very rare finding. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients with sellar and sphenoid sinus mass lesions who underwent trans-sphenoidal surgery was performed. Demographic data, medical history, predisposing factors, clinical picture, neurological status and radiological findings were reviewed. All patients underwent a trans-sphenoidal microsurgical treatment, and acquired specimens underwent both histopathological and microbiological analysis...
September 2015: Acta Neurochirurgica
Luiz Augusto Nascimento, Flávio Aurélio Parente Settanni, José Franscisco de Góis Filho, Isabela Naria Dias Sanchez, Bruna Barros Cavalcante, João Noberto Stávale
Introduction Schwannoma of the olfactory groove is an extremely rare tumor that can share a differential diagnosis with meningioma or neuroblastoma. Objectives The authors present a case of giant schwannoma involving the anterior cranial fossa and ethmoid sinuses. Case Report The patient presented with a 30-month history of left nasal obstruction, anosmia, and sporadic ipsilateral bleeding. Computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses revealed expansive lesion on the left nasal cavity extending to nasopharynx up to ethmoid and sphenoid sinuses bilaterally with intraorbital and parasellar extension to the skull base...
January 2015: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Davide Giordano, Daniele Perano, Sylvia Marchi, Maria Gabriella Raso, Verter Barbieri
BACKGROUND: Sphenoid sinus lesions are rare entities, occurring in 2 - 3% out of all paranasal sinus lesions. Isolated oculomotor nerve palsy due to acute sphenoid sinusitis is very rare, with only few cases reported in literature. METHODS: Retrospective report about a case of isolated acute sphenoid sinusitis in a child with a left-sided third cranial nerve paralysis as the only sign at presentation. RESULTS: Isolated oculomotor nerve palsy can be the initial sign of an isolated acute sphenoid sinusitis in children and it requires a high index of suspicion in order to avoid a delay in diagnosis...
December 17, 2014: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Cem Burak Kalaycı, Halime Cevik
A case of isolated sphenoid fungal sinusitis in an elderly diabetic patient is described. A coexisting mass lesion located in the sellar region was detected incidentally. Coincidence of these two entities represents a potential surgical disaster which may result in direct intracranial spread of fungal infection.
September 2014: Acta Radiologica Short Reports
Sarmad Alazzawi, Tengku Shahrizal, Narayanan Prepageran, Jayalakshmi Pailoor
Isolated sphenoid sinus lesions are an uncommon entity and present with non-specific symptoms. In this case report, the patient presented with a history of headaches for a duration of one month without sinonasal symptoms. A computed tomography scan showed a soft tissue mass occupying the sphenoid sinus. An endoscopic biopsy revealed fungal infection. Endoscopic wide sphenoidotomy with excision of the sphenoid sinus lesion was then performed however, the microbiological examination post-surgery did not show any fungal elements...
2014: Qatar Medical Journal
A S Elhamshary, H E Romeh, M F Abdel-Aziz, S M Ragab
OBJECTIVE: To develop an algorithm for selecting the optimal endoscopic approach for benign sphenoid lesions. METHODS: Charts of 392 patients were reviewed and categorised according to disease nature and extent as follows: group 1 comprised isolated sphenoid sinus lesion cases, group 2 consisted of pansinus lesion cases and group 3 comprised lateral sphenoid recess lesion cases. Surgical approaches, difficulties and complications were noted. RESULTS: A transnasal approach was employed in 40...
September 2014: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Rached Jomaa, Mohamed Habib Sfar, Samia Younes Mhenni, Saleh Jenzri, Saida Jerbi, Baha Zantour, Riad Messoud
We report a case of 15-yr-old child that was presented with headache, polyuria, polydipsia, recent ocular motor and abducens nerve palsies and rapid visual loss. He had a long history of progressive symmetric muscular weakness predominant in the lower limb girdle. Water deprivation revealed central diabetes insipidus. Hormonal explorations demonstrated preserved pituitary function with mild hyperprolactinemia at 21.5 ng/ml (N: 2.6 to 13.1 ng/ml). Magnetic resonance imaging showed an extensive isosignal T1 and hyposignal T2 enhanced lesion infiltrating the pituitary gland, optic-chiasmal hypothalamic region, cavernous sinus, cerebrum tent and sphenoid and temporal meningeal spaces...
2009: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
M F Inci, F Ozkan, A Aksoy, M Kelleş
Paranasal sinus fungus ball is within the non-invasive forms and is characterized by the presence of aggregated hyphae that do not invade the sinus mucosa. Mucoceles are benign, expansile, cyst-like lesions of the paranasal sinuses. The mucoid secretions of mucoceles are usually sterile. However, secondary infections, mostly bacterial, may lead to the development of pyocoeles. Although an association between a fungus ball and a mucocele is rare in the paranasal sinuses, this disease entity should be considered in the differential diagnosis of expansile, cystic sinus lesions...
November 2013: JBR-BTR: Organe de la Société Royale Belge de Radiologie (SRBR)
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