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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334454/aurophilic-interactions-in-l-au-x-%C3%A2-l-au-x-dimers-calibration-by-experiment-and-theory
#1
Erik Andris, Prokopis Andrikopoulos, Jiří Schulz, Jan Turek, Aleš Růžička, Jana Roithová, Lubomír Rulíšek
Attractive metallophilic (aurophilic, argentophilic, cuprophilic, …) interactions play an important role in arrangement and stabilization of oligonuclear metal ion complexes. We report a combined experimental and theoretical assessment of aurophilic interactions in closed-shell gold(I) dimers. The experimental binding energies were obtained for charged [(LH)AuCl]+…[(L')AuCl] dimers (L is either a phosphine or a N-heterocyclic carbene ligand) in the gas phase. These energies served for benchmarking of correlated quantum chemical calculations (CCSD(T)-calibrated SCS-MP2/CBS method) that were then applied to neutral [(L)AuX]…[(L')AuX] dimers (X = Cl, Br, I)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334152/dynamic-coordination-of-eu-iminodiacetate-to-control-fluorochromic-response-of-polymer-hydrogels-to-multistimuli
#2
Gengsheng Weng, Srinivas Thanneeru, Jie He
New fluorochromic materials that reversibly change their emission properties in response to their environment are of interest for the development of sensors and light-emitting materials. A new design of Eu-containing polymer hydrogels showing fast self-healing and tunable fluorochromic properties in response to five different stimuli, including pH, temperature, metal ions, sonication, and force, is reported. The polymer hydrogels are fabricated using Eu-iminodiacetate (IDA) coordination in a hydrophilic poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide) matrix...
January 15, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332825/development-of-gd3-immobilized-glutathione-coated-magnetic-nanoparticles-for-highly-selective-enrichment-of-phosphopeptides
#3
Dandan Jiang, Xiqian Li, Jiutong Ma, Qiong Jia
In this study, we designed a gadolinium-based immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography material for the selective enrichment of phosphopeptides. Gadolinium ion was immobilized on the surface of glutathione-coated magnetic nanoparticles through a facile and effective synthetic route. The adsorbent integrated the advantages of superparamagnetism of Fe3O4 core, good biological compatibility of glutathione, and strong interaction between gadolinium ion and phosphopeptides. It was employed to enrich phosphopeptides from standard protein digests coupled with MALDI-TOF MS...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332822/constituting-fully-integrated-colorimetric-analysis-system-for-fe-iii-on-multifunctional-nitrogen-doped-moo3-cellulose-paper
#4
Fan Lin, Jiabai Cai, Yuehai Li, Huiwu Yu, Shunxing Li
Using ammonium molybdate and thiourea as precursors, nitrogen-doped MoO3 was produced by a one-step carbonization and then fixed into the cellulose filter paper (NMCP) with acrylic resin as a fixative. NMCP was designed as a multifunctional nanocomposite, i.e., solid phase adsorbent for Fe(III) preconcentration, photocatalyst for iron species transformation and color interference removal, and colorimetric sensor for Fe(III) determination. After photocatalysis, the complex of Fe-humic substances could be transformed into Fe(III) ions, the interference of colored organic matter (e...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332797/electrodialytic-in-line-preconcentration-for-ionic-solute-analysis
#5
Shin-Ichi Ohira, Takayuki Yamasaki, Takumi Koda, Yuko Kodama, Kei Toda
Preconcentration is an effective way to improve analytical sensitivity. Many types of methods are used for enrichment of ionic solute analytes. However, current methods are batchwise and include procedures such as trapping and elution. In this manuscript, we propose in-line electrodialytic enrichment of ionic solutes. The method can enrich ionic solutes within seconds by quantitative transfer of analytes from the sample solution to the acceptor solution under an electric field. Because of quantitative ion transfer, the enrichment factor (the ratio of the concentration in the sample and to that in the obtained acceptor solution) only depends on the flow rate ratio of the sample solution to the acceptor solution...
April 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331822/synthesis-of-uio-66-oh-zirconium-metal-organic-framework-and-its-application-for-selective-extraction-and-trace-determination-of-thorium-in-water-samples-by-spectrophotometry
#6
Zahra Safaei Moghaddam, Massoud Kaykhaii, Mostafa Khajeh, Ali Reza Oveisi
In this study, a zirconium-based metal-organic framework (Zr-MOF), named UiO-66-OH, was synthesized by the solvo-thermal method and characterized by Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). This Zr-MOF was then employed as a sorbent for selective extraction and preconcentration of thorium ions after their complexation with 2‑(2,4‑dihydroxyphenyl)‑3,5,7‑trihydroxychromen‑4‑one (morin) from environmental water samples prior to its spectrophotometrical determination...
January 5, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331719/regulated-effects-of-prorocentrum-donghaiense-lu-exudate-on-nickel-bioavailability-when-cultured-with-different-nitrogen-sources
#7
Xu-Guang Huang, Shun-Xing Li, Feng-Jiao Liu, Wang-Rong Lan
Exudates by marine phytoplankton and metals coexist in the seawater, but little is known about their interaction. In this study, cultures of Prorocentrum donghaiense Lu were grown in urea and ammonium, and then exposed to different Ni ion levels in order to study the effects of Ni ions on algal growth. The regulatory mechanisms of P. donghaiense Lu for coping with different Ni ion levels was investigating by characterizing dissolved organic carbon (DOC), carbohydrate and protein content released per cell, hydropathy properties (hydrophilic and hydrophobic fractions) and thiol compounds (cysteine-like or glutathione-like)...
January 10, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331134/coarse-grained-model-of-nanoscale-segregation-water-diffusion-and-proton-transport-in-nafion-membranes
#8
Aleksey Vishnyakov, Runfang Mao, Ming-Tsung Lee, Alexander V Neimark
We present a coarse-grained model of the acid form of Nafion membrane that explicitly includes proton transport. This model is based on a soft-core bead representation of the polymer implemented into the dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) simulation framework. The proton is introduced as a separate charged bead that forms dissociable Morse bonds with water beads. Morse bond formation and breakup artificially mimics the Grotthuss hopping mechanism of proton transport. The proposed DPD model is parameterized to account for the specifics of the conformations and flexibility of the Nafion backbone and sidechains; it treats electrostatic interactions in the smeared charge approximation...
January 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331014/biochemical-characterization-of-recombinant-thermostable-cohnella-sp-a01-%C3%AE-glucanase
#9
Meysam Rezaie, Saeed Aminzadeh, Farid Heidari, Masoud Mashhadi Akbar Boojar, Ali Asghar Karkhane
Background: Typically, non-cellulytic glucanase, including fungi and yeast cell wall hydrolyzing enzymes, are release by some symbiotic fungi and plants during the mycoparasitic fungi attack on plants. These enzymes are known as the defense mechanisms of plants. This study intends to investigate the biochemical properties of β-1,6-glucanase (bg16M) from native thermophilic bacteria, Cohnella A01. Methods: bg16M gene was cloned and expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3)...
January 13, 2018: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330894/structure-function-and-evolution-of-the-hemerythrin-like-domain-superfamily
#10
Claudia Alvarez-Carreño, Vikram Alva, Arturo Becerra, Antonio Lazcano
Hemerythrin-like proteins have generally been studied for their ability to reversibly bind oxygen through their binuclear non-heme iron centers. However, in recent years, it has become increasingly evident that some members of the hemerythrin-like superfamily also participate in many other biological processes. For instance, the binuclear non-heme iron site of YtfE, a hemerythrin-like protein involved in the repair of iron centers in Escherichia coli, catalyzes the reduction of nitric oxide to nitrous oxide, and the human F-box/LRR-repeat protein 5, which contains a hemerythrin-like domain, is involved in intracellular iron homeostasis...
January 13, 2018: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330650/a-cold-adapted-endoglucanase-from-camel-rumen-with-high-catalytic-activity-at-moderate-and-low-temperatures-an-anomaly-of-truly-cold-adapted-evolution-in-a-mesophilic-environment
#11
Kamran Khalili Ghadikolaei, Javad Gharechahi, Kamahldin Haghbeen, Kambiz Akbari Noghabi, Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh, Hossein Shahbani Zahiri
Endoglucanases are important enzymes in plant biomass degradation. They have current and potential applications in various industrial sectors including human and animal food processing, textile, paper, and renewable biofuel production. It is assumed that the cold-active endoglucanases, with high catalytic rates in moderate and cold temperatures, can improve the cost-effectiveness of industrial processes by lowering the need for heating and, thus, energy consumption. In this study, the endoglucanase CelCM3 was procured from a camel rumen metagenome via gene cloning and expression in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3)...
January 12, 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330185/the-mgte-homolog-fici-acts-as-a-secondary-ferrous-iron-importer-in-shewanella-oneidensis-strain-mr-1
#12
Brittany D Bennett, Kaitlyn E Redford, Jeffrey A Gralnick
The transport of metals into and out of cells is necessary for the maintenance of appropriate intracellular concentrations. Metals are needed for incorporation into metalloproteins but become toxic at higher concentrations. Many metal transport proteins have been discovered in bacteria, including the Mg2+ transporter-E (MgtE) family of passive Mg2+/Co2+ cation-selective channels. Low sequence identity exists between members of the MgtE family, indicating that substrate specificity may differ among MgtE transporters...
January 12, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329813/effects-of-metal-ions-in-tea-polysaccharides-on-their-in-vitro-antioxidant-activity-and-hypoglycemic-activity
#13
Minghao Fan, Xun Sun, Yilin Qian, Ying Xu, Dongfeng Wang, Yanping Cao
Total tea polysaccharides (TTPS) were extracted from two kinds of pruning leaves of tea plant and fractionated into neutral tea polysaccharides (TPSI) and acidic tea polysaccharides (TPSII) by anion exchange resin D315. Some physicochemical properties, including structure, monosaccharide composition, and molecular weight distribution, as well as the 4 in vitro antioxidant activities and inhibitory effects on α-glucosidase of above polysaccharides before and after removing metal ions were investigated. By comparing TTPS and TPSII, we found that they exhibited different antioxidant activities and inhibitory actions against α-glucosidase after their metal ions were removed...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329710/hydride-generation-coupled-with-thioglycolic-acid-coated-gold-nanoparticles-as-simple-and-sensitive-headspace-colorimetric-assay-for-visual-detection-of-sb-iii
#14
Tesfaye Tolessa, Zhi-Qiang Tan, Jing-Fu Liu
Antimony (Sb) is a toxic element which causes different health problems including cardiac problems and lung cancer in humans, and its levels in surface water can be noticeably increased to 100 μg/L typically in the proximity of anthropogenic sources. Thus, besides instrumental techniques, it is of great significance to develop a simple, sensitive and selective analytical method for direct analysis of Sb(III) at trace level without the need of any expensive and/or complicated instrumentations and sample preparation processes...
April 3, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329014/nanoadsorbents-based-on-conducting-polymer-nanocomposites-with-main-focus-on-polyaniline-and-its-derivatives-for-removal-of-heavy-metal-ions-dyes-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Ehsan Nazarzadeh Zare, Ahmad Motahari, Mika Sillanpää
Water contamination by toxic heavy metal ions and dyes remains a serious public health problem for humans, so attention on specific methods and technologies to remove heavy metal ions and dyes from wastewaters/aqueous solutions are desired. Numerous adsorbents have been reported for the removal of heavy metal ions/dyes from wastewaters/aqueous solutions. Polyaniline (PANI) and its derivatives, as conducting polymers, are good adsorbents to remove various kinds of heavy metal ions and dyes from wastewaters/aqueous solutions...
January 9, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328620/thermal-stability-of-mixed-cation-metal-halide-perovskites-in-air
#16
Wanliang Tan, Andrea Ruth Bowring, Andrew C Meng, Michael D McGehee, Paul C McIntyre
We study the thermal stability in air of the mixed cation organic inorganic lead halide perovskites Cs0.17FA0.83Pb(I0.83Br0.17)3 and Cs0.05(MA0.17FA0.83)0.95Pb(I0.83Br0.17)3. For the latter compound, containing both MA+ and FA+ ion, thermal decomposition of the perovskite phase was observed to occur in two stages. The first stage of decomposi-tion occurs at an increased rate compared to the second stage and is only observed at relatively low temperatures (T<150 °C). For the second stage, we find the decomposition rate and the activation energy both have similar values for Cs0...
January 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328617/sinter-resistant-and-highly-active-sub-5-nm-bimetallic-au-cu-nanoparticle-catalyst-encapsulated-in-silica-for-high-temperature-carbon-monoxide-oxidation
#17
Navid Zanganeh, Vamshi Krishna Guda, Hossein Toghiani, Jason M Keith
A novel gold-copper based silica encapsulated mixed metal oxide (MMO) core-shell catalyst - with sub 5-nm MMO particles - was successfully synthesized via a reverse micelle process. The SiO2 encapsulated MMO catalyst was reduced under hydrogen flow to produce Au-Cu@SiO2 catalyst. XRD and XPS characterization confirmed the presence of Au-Cu nanocomposites in the catalyst while TEM characterization revealed the core-shell structure of the catalyst with the presence of sub 5-nm Au-Cu nanoparticle cores inside SiO2 shells...
January 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328530/fusing-planar-group-to-a-pi-bowl-electronic-and-molecular-structure-aromaticity-and-solid-state-packing-of-naphthocorannulene-and-its-anions
#18
Zheng Zhou, Sarah Spisak, Qi Xu, Andrey Rogachev, Zheng Wei, Massimo Marcaccio, Marina A Petrukhina
Molecular and electronic structure, reduction and coordination abilities of a PAH having a planar naphtho-group fused to the corannulene bowl have been investigated for the first time using a combination of theoretical and experimental tools. A direct comparison of naphtho[2,3-a]corannulene (C28H14, 1) with parent corannulene (C20H10, 2) revealed the effect of framework topology change on electronic properties and aromaticity of 1. Two reversible one-electron reduction processes with the formal reduction potentials at -2...
January 12, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327926/electrochemical-reaction-mechanism-of-the-mos2-electrode-in-a-lithium-ion-cell-revealed-by-in-situ-and-operando-x-ray-absorption-spectroscopy
#19
Liang Zhang, Dan Sun, Jun Kang, Jun Feng, Hans A Bechtel, Lin-Wang Wang, Elton J Cairns, Jinghua Guo
As a typical transition metal dichalcogenide, MoS2 offers numerous advantages for nanoelectronics and electrochemical energy storage due to its unique layered structure and tunable electronic properties. When used as the anode in lithium-ion cells, MoS2 undergoes intercalation and conversion reactions in sequence upon lithiation, and the reversibility of the conversion reaction is an important but still controversial topic. Here, we clarify unambiguously that the conversion reaction of MoS2 is not reversible and the formed Li2S is converted to sulfur in the first charge process...
January 12, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327748/four-new-metal-organic-frameworks-based-on-diverse-secondary-building-units-sensing-and-magnetic-properties
#20
Yang-Tian Yan, Wen-Yan Zhang, Fang Zhang, Feng Cao, Rui-Feng Yang, Yao-Yu Wang, Lei Hou
Four new metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), {[Zn3(L)(OH)(H2O)5]·NMP·2H2O}n (1), {[H2N(Me)2][Zn2(L)(H2O)]·DMF·H2O}n (2), {[Co5(L)2(H2O)11]·2H2O}n (3) and {[Mn5(L)2(H2O)12]·6H2O}n (4), were assembled employing a symmetrical V-shaped rigid multicarboxylic acid ligand H5L (H5L = 2,4-di(3',5'-dicarboxylphenyl)benzoic acid) with different metal ions, resulting in versatile frameworks as well as various types of coordination modes of H5L. 1 forms a three-dimensional (3D) 4-connected sra net based on trinuclear [Zn3(μ3-OH)(μ2-COO)(μ1-COO)4] clusters, while 2 displays a 3D (4,6)-connected net based on two types of binuclear [Zn2(μ2-COO)2(μ1-COO)4] and [Zn2(μ2-COO)4] clusters...
January 12, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
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