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Metal ions

Wolfgang Tress
Metal halide perovskites are promising candidates for many classes of different optoelectronic devices. Apart from being a semiconductor, they additionally show ionic conductivity. It expresses itself in slow response times, reversible degradation, and hysteresis in the current-voltage characteristics of solar cells. This Perspective gives a condensed overview about experiments and theory on ion migration in metal halide perovskites focusing on its effects in solar cells. Apart from being a potential stability concern for photovoltaics, ion migration paired with the excellent optoelectronic properties of this material offers opportunities for novel devices such as optically controlled memristors and switchable diodes...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Liubov Matkovska, Maksym Iurzhenko, Yevgen Mamunya, Igor Tkachenko, Valeriy Demchenko, Volodymyr Synyuk, Andriy Shadrin, Gisele Boiteux
The article is concerned with hybrid amorphous polymers synthesized basing on epoxy oligomer of diglycide aliphatic ester of polyethylene glycol that was cured by polyethylene polyamine and lithium perchlorate salt. Structural peculiarities of organic-inorganic polymer composites were studied by differential scanning calorimetry, wide-angle X-ray spectra, infrared spectroscopic, scanning electron microscopy, elemental analysis, and transmission and reflective optical microscopy. On the one hand, the results showed that the introduction of LiClO4 salt into epoxy polymer leads to formation of the coordinative metal-polymer complexes of donor-acceptor type between central Li(+) ion and ligand...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Aviv Meir, Ahmad Abdelhai, Yoni Moskovitz, Sharon Ruthstein
Bacterial cells have developed sophisticated systems to deal with the toxicity of metal ions. Escherichia coli CusCFBA is a complex efflux system, responsible for transferring Cu(I) and Ag(I) ions; this system, located in the periplasm, involves four proteins, CusA, CusB, CusC, and CusF. CusA, CusB, and CusC are connected to one another in an oligomerization ratio of 3:6:3 CusA/CusB/CusC to form the CusCBA periplasm membrane transporter. CusB is an adaptor protein that connects the two membrane proteins CusA (inner membrane) and CusC (outer membrane)...
June 20, 2017: Biophysical Journal
Hyun Deog Yoo, Sang-Don Han, Igor L Bolotin, Gene M Nolis, Ryan D Bayliss, Anthony K Burrell, John T Vaughey, Jordi Cabana
The energy density of rechargeable batteries utilizing metals as anodes surpasses Li-ion batteries, which employ carbon instead. Among possible metals, magnesium represents a potential alternative to the conventional choice, lithium, in terms of storage density, safety, stability, and cost. However, a major obstacle for metal-based batteries is the identification of electrolytes that show reversible deposition/dissolution of the metal anode and support reversible intercalation of ions into a cathode. Traditional Grignard-based Mg electrolytes are excellent toward reversible deposition of Mg, but their limited anodic stability and compatibility with oxide cathodes hinder their applicability in Mg batteries with higher voltage...
June 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Laura C Merrill, Jennifer L Schaefer
Magnesium batteries are a promising alternative to lithium-ion batteries due to the widespread abundance of magnesium and its high specific volumetric energy capacity. Ethereal solvents such as tetrahydrofuran (THF) are commonly used for magnesium-ion electrolytes due the chemical compatibility with magnesium metal, but the volatile nature of THF is a concern for practical application. Herein, we investigate magnesium bis(hexamethyldisilazide) plus aluminum chloride (Mg(HMDS)2-AlCl3) electrolytes in THF, diglyme, and tetraglyme at varying temperature...
June 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Bin He, Ren Liu, Jiabin Ren, Caijian Tang, Yijun Zhong, Yong Hu
Metal ion doping and nanocoating to CdS photocatalyst have been proved to be effective strategies to inhibit photocorrosion and improve photocatalytic performance. In this study, carbon-coated Cu+-doped CdS nanocomposites (C-Cu-CdS) with a stable petalous structure and highly uniform size distribution were successfully synthesized via a facile one-step solvothermal method. Both Cu+ doping and carbon coating to the CdS photocatalyst are realized in this one-step strategy. Benefiting from the unique core-shell structure and metal ion doping, the as-prepared C-Cu-CdS catalyst exhibits significantly enhanced photostability and visible-light-driven photocatalytic efficiency...
June 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Jiří Brus, Martina Urbanová, Jiri Czernek, Miroslava Pavelkova, Katerina Kubova, Jakub Vyslouzil, Sabina Abbrent, Rafal Konefal, Jiri Horsky, David Vetchy, Jan Vysloužil, Pavel Kulich
Alginate gels are an outstanding biomaterial widely applicable in tissue engineering, medicine, and pharmacy for cell transplantation, wound healing and efficient bioactive agent delivery, respectively. This contribution provides new and comprehensive insight into the atomic-resolution structure and dynamics of polyvalent ion-crosslinked alginate gels in microbead formulations. By applying various advanced solid-state NMR (ssNMR) spectroscopy techniques, we verified the homogenous distribution of the crosslinking ions in the alginate gels and the high degree of ion exchange...
June 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
Zhao-Feng Wu, Liao-Kuo Gong, Xiao-Ying Huang
Here we report a fluorescent magnesium coordination polymer (Mg-CP), namely, [CH3-dpb]2[Mg3(1,4-NDC)4(μ-H2O)2(CH3OH)(H2O)]·1.5H2O (1, 1,4-H2NDC = 1,4-naphthalene dicarboxylic acid, dpb = 1,4-bis(pyrid-4-yl)benzene). Compound 1 possesses a three-dimensional (3D) host-guest structure constructed by the 1,4-NDC linkers bridging the linear trinuclear secondary building units of [Mg3(COO)8(μ-H2O)2]. The dpb molecules were in situ reacted with CH3OH resulting in photochromic cations of [CH3-dpb](+) that acted as guests located in the channels parallel to the b-axis...
June 21, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Hao Chen, Hanyan Xu, Bingna Zheng, Siyao Wang, Tieqi Huang, Fan Guo, Weiwei Gao, Chao Gao
Aluminum metal foil is the optimal choice as an anode material for aluminum-ion battery for its key advantages such as high theoretical capacity, safety and low cost. However, the metallic nature of aluminum foil is very likely to induce severe dendrite growth with further electrode disintegration and cell failure, which is inconsistent with the previous reports. Here, we discover that it is aluminum oxide film that efficiently restricts the growth of crystalline Al dendrite and thus improves the cycling stability of Al anode...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Rajesh Patidar, Babulal Rebary, Dhruti A Sanghani, Gopala Ram Bhadu, Parimal Paul
Two green methods (microwave and hydrothermal) were employed for the preparation of water dispersible fluorescent carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) from activated charcoal. Microwave and hydrothermally synthesized carbon nanoparticles, (MW-CNPs) and (HT-CNPs), respectively were characterized by microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. A detailed study of their fluorescence characteristics was made. MW-CNPs and HT-CNPs were tested for metal ion selectivity in aqueous medium. MW-CNPs showed selectivity for Fe(3+) among the tested metal ions and important studies such as for interference, linear range and limit of detection were carried out...
June 21, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Antonio Magrì, Giovanni Tabbì, Raffaella Breglia, Luca De Gioia, Piercarlo Fantucci, Maurizio Bruschi, Raffaele P Bonomo, Diego La Mendola
The angiogenin protein (Ang) is a member of the vertebrate-specific secreted ribonucleases and one of the most potent angiogenic factors known. Ang is a normal constituent of human plasma and its concentration increases under some physiological and pathological conditions to promote neovascularization. Ang was originally identified as an angiogenic tumour factor, but its biological activity has been found to extend from inducing angiogenesis to promoting cell survival in different neurodegenerative diseases...
June 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Hehua Liu, Fusheng Shen, Phensinee Haruehanroengra, Qingqing Yao, Yunshan Cheng, Yiqing Chen, Chun Yang, Jing Zhang, Baixing Wu, Qiang Luo, Ruixue Cui, Jixi Li, Jinbiao Ma, Jia Sheng, Jianhua Gan
Metallo-base pairs have been extensively utilized in many research fields, including genetic code extension, novel therapeutics development, and various nanodevice designs. Compared to other cations, AgI is more flexible in pairing with natural base pairs. Herein, we present a DNA structure containing two C-AgI-C pairs and one first time reported G-AgI-G pair in a short 8mer DNA strand. This structure not only discloses the detailed insights into these AgI-base pairing patterns in DNA, but also represents the first nonhelical DNA structure driven by the heavy metal ions, further contributing to the structural diversity of DNA...
June 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Sumathi Poomalai, Anju Kannan Padinjareveetil, Sivaraj Ramasamy, Tamil Selvan Govindaraj, Mosae Selvakumar Paulraj, Israel Vijayaraj Muthu Vijayan Enoch
Ion-induced change in fluorescence is a straight-forward method for detection of toxic metal ions showing immediate response. Cadmium ions are toxic to the environment. We report in this paper a piperidine-4-one-based fluorescent chemosensor of Cd(2+) ions, designed and synthesized by a simple method. The compound is characterized using infra-red (IR) and (1) H-NMR spectral techniques. The chemosensor showed Cd(2+) ion selectivity and sensitivity in aqueous solution. The stoichiometry and the binding constants were determined using fluorescence spectroscopy...
June 21, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Masaru Sakamaki, Shunichi Aikawa, Yasumasa Fukushima
The commercially available natural organic dye, carminic acid (CA), an anthraquinone derivative bearing hydroxyl and carboxyl groups as recognition sites was found to be a colorimetric probe for Pb(2+) in perfect aqueous solution under neutral conditions with specific selectivity and high sensitivity. Upon addition of Pb(2+), the absorption maximum of CA showed a large red shift, and the resulted color change from red to purple could be easily identified even by the naked eye. The chemical stoichiometric ratio between CA and Pb(2+) was determined to be 1:2 through Job plot, Pb(2+) titration, and kinetic experiments...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
Mohamed E Mahmoud, Gehan M El Zokm, Aida E M Farag, Mohamed S Abdelwahab
A novel marine fungus was isolated and classified as Aspergillus flavus strain EGY11. The heat-inactivated form of isolated Aspergillus flavus was investigated and evaluated as a new eco-friendly and highly efficient biosorbent for removal of toxic heavy metals such as Cd(II), Hg(II), and Pb(II) from aqueous solutions. The SEM morphological studies of biosorbent-loaded metal ions confirmed their direct binding on the surface of heat-inactivated Aspergillus flavus. The metal biosorption capacity values were determined and optimized by the batch technique in the presence of various experimental controlling factors such as pH, contact time, biosorbent dosage, initial metal ion concentration, and coexisting species...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Han Xiao, Joshua P Pender, Mackenzie Meece-Rayle, J Pedro de Souza, Kyle C Klavetter, Heonjoo Ha, Jie Lin, Adam Heller, Christopher J Ellison, Charles Buddie Mullins
We report the synthesis and properties of a low-density (~5 mg/cm3) and highly-porous (99.6% void space) three-dimensional reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) nanocomposite aerogel as the scaffold for cathode materials in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The rGO-PAA is both simple and starts from readily-available graphite and PAA thereby providing a scalable fabrication procedure. The scaffold can support as much as a 75 mg/cm2 loading of LiFePO4 (LFP) in a ~ 430 µm thick layer, and the porosity of the aerogel is tunable by compression; the flexible aerogel can be compressed 30-fold (i...
June 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Amy J Spark, Ivan S Cole, Adam S Best, David W Law, Liam P Ward
Buried steel infrastructure can be a source of iron ions for bacterial species, leading to microbiologically influence corrosion (MIC). Localised corrosion of pipelines due to MIC is one of the key failure mechanisms of buried steel pipelines. In order to better understand the mechanisms of localised corrosion in soil, semi-solid agar has been developed as an analogue for soil. Here, Pseudomonas fluorescens has been introduced to the system to understand how bacteria interact with steel. Through electrochemical testing including open circuit potentials, potentiodynamic scans, anodic potential holds and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy it has been shown that P...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Qinghua Xu, Yulu Wang, Liqiang Jin, Yu Wang, Menghua Qin
A novel nanocomposite based on black wattle (BW) tannin and nanocellulose was prepared and applied in heavy metal ions adsorptive removal from aqueous solutions. Firstly, nanocrystalline cellulose was oxidized by sodium periodate to get dialdehyde nanocellulose (DANC). BW tannin was then covalently immobilized onto DANC, which was used as both the matrix and crosslinker, to obtain tannin-nanocellulose (TNCC) composite. The resulting nanocomposite was characterized using FTIR, AFM, and TG. The successful immobilization was confirmed by the chromogenic reaction between FeCl3 and TNCC and FT-IR analysis...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Damien McCarthy, Grant C Edwards, Mae S Gustin, Andrew Care, Matthieu B Miller, Anwar Sunna
Soils contaminated with mercury (Hg) have proved expensive and logistically difficult to remediate. Research continues into finding suitable environmentally-friendly and efficient ways of achieving this end. Bioremediation is an option, which employs the strategies microorganisms have evolved to deal with Hg. One microbial strategy involves uptake and intracellular volatilisation of mercuric ions, which passively diffuse from the cell and back into the atmosphere. In this work, Pseudomonas veronii cells grown to stationary phase were immobilised in a xanthan gum-based biopolymer via encapsulation...
June 14, 2017: Chemosphere
Wei-Quan Lin, Yuan-Yuan Peng, Lang Tong, Jian-Hua Jia, Jun-Liang Liu, Yan-Cong Chen, Wen-Bin Chen, Ming-Liang Tong
Hydrothermal reactions of metal nitrates and ligand bis(5-(pyridine-2-yl)-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)methane (H2L1) on same condition gave three cluster compounds, {Cr2}, {Zn12} and {Fe8}. Notably, methylene group of H2L1 was in situ oxidized either to hydroxymethylated (L2-O)3- in the metallo-ring {Zn12} or to a rigid carbonylated (L3=O)2- in the screw-type {Fe8}. In light of comparative experiment results, NO3- was deduced to be of a catalytic role in ligand oxidation. Metal ions could be regarded as an "induced" tool for clusters generation in self-assembly process...
June 20, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
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