keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

haemorrhage control

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231242/predicting-ebola-infection-a-malaria-sensitive-triage-score-for-ebola-virus-disease
#1
Mary-Anne Hartley, Alyssa Young, Anh-Minh Tran, Harry Henry Okoni-Williams, Mohamed Suma, Brooke Mancuso, Ahmed Al-Dikhari, Mohamed Faouzi
BACKGROUND: The non-specific symptoms of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) pose a major problem to triage and isolation efforts at Ebola Treatment Centres (ETCs). Under the current triage protocol, half the patients allocated to high-risk "probable" wards were EVD(-): a misclassification speculated to predispose nosocomial EVD infection. A better understanding of the statistical relevance of individual triage symptoms is essential in resource-poor settings where rapid, laboratory-confirmed diagnostics are often unavailable...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218409/development-of-haemostatic-decontaminants-for-treatment-of-wounds-contaminated-with-chemical-warfare-agents-3-evaluation-of-in-vitro-topical-decontamination-efficacy-using-damaged-skin
#2
Helen L Lydon, Charlotte A Hall, Christopher H Dalton, J Kevin Chipman, John S Graham, Robert P Chilcott
Previous studies have demonstrated that haemostatic products with an absorptive mechanism of action retain their clotting efficiency in the presence of toxic materials and are effective in decontaminating chemical warfare (CW) agents when applied to normal, intact skin. The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess three candidate haemostatic products for effectiveness in the decontamination of superficially damaged porcine skin exposed to the radiolabelled CW agents, soman (GD), VX and sulphur mustard (HD)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214798/intensive-blood-pressure-lowering-in-patients-with-acute-intracerebral-haemorrhage-clinical-outcomes-and-haemorrhage-expansion-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-trials
#3
Gregoire Boulouis, Andrea Morotti, Joshua N Goldstein, Andreas Charidimou
INTRODUCTION: It is unclear whether intensive lowering of blood pressure (BP) at the acute phase of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is beneficial. We performed a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) to assess whether intensive BP lowering in patients with acute ICH is safe and effective in improving clinical outcomes. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane databases for relevant RCTs and calculated pooled OR for 3-month mortality (safety outcome) and 3-month death or dependency (modified Rankin Scale (mRs) ≥3;efficacy outcome), in patients with acute ICH randomised to either intensive BP-lowering or standard BP-lowering treatment protocols...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209998/cervical-pessary-for-prevention-of-preterm-birth-a-meta-analysis
#4
Xin-Hang Jin, Dan Li, Li-Li Huang
To investigate the efficacy of cervical pessary placement in preventing preterm birth and perinatal morbidity and mortality in asymptomatic women with a singleton pregnancy and a short cervix, we searched literature in relevant databases. The meta-analysis of the 3 included trials (1412 women) showed cervical pessary placement did not reduce the risk of spontaneous preterm birth <34 weeks in these women (risk ratio (RR), 0.71; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.21-2.43, P = 0.59; I(2) = 90%). The sensitivity analyses by excluding one trial at one time showed the same results...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209206/rethinking-the-role-of-alpha-toxin-in-clostridium-perfringens-associated-enteric-diseases-a-review-on-bovine-necro-haemorrhagic-enteritis
#5
REVIEW
Evy Goossens, Bonnie R Valgaeren, Bart Pardon, Freddy Haesebrouck, Richard Ducatelle, Piet R Deprez, Filip Van Immerseel
Bovine necro-haemorrhagic enteritis is an economically important disease caused by Clostridium perfringens type A strains. The disease mainly affects calves under intensive rearing conditions and is characterized by sudden death associated with small intestinal haemorrhage, necrosis and mucosal neutrophil infiltration. The common assumption that, when causing intestinal disease, C. perfringens relies upon specific, plasmid-encoded toxins, was recently challenged by the finding that alpha toxin, which is produced by all C...
February 16, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208943/role-of-prophylactic-tranexamic-acid-in-reducing-blood-loss-during-elective-caesarean-section-a-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Sj Dhivya Lakshmi, Reena Abraham
INTRODUCTION: Obstetric haemorrhage accounts for 20-25% of maternal mortality and morbidity. Anti-fibrinolytics are being widely used in field of surgery. It is also used to reduce heavy menstrual blood loss. AIM: To analyse the effectiveness of Tranexamic Acid (TXA) in reducing blood loss during elective caesarean section. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This interventional, randomized, parallel group study was done in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecolgy, PSG IMSR, Coimbatore, from June 2014 to May 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198598/coblation-%C3%A2-intracapsular-tonsillectomy-tonsillotomy-in-children-a-prospective-study-of-500-consecutive-cases-with-long-term-follow-up
#7
A W Hoey, N M Foden, S Hadjisymeou Andreou, F Noonan, A K Chowdhury, Greig S R, E L Sproson, D Allin, N Amin, K M Wouters, N E Jonas, D J Tweedie
OBJECTIVES: Intracapsular tonsillectomy (tonsillotomy) has been used internationally, mainly in the management of obstructive sleep apnoea, rather than recurrent tonsillitis, with little published data evaluating its use for this latter indication. We present long-term prospective data from 500 paediatric cases undergoing Coblation(®) intracapsular tonsillectomy, for both obstructive and infective indications. DESIGN: Prospective case series, March 2013-January 2016, all with completed follow up...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198084/single-dose-intravenous-iron-infusion-or-oral-iron-for-treatment-of-fatigue-after-postpartum-haemorrhage-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
C Holm, L L Thomsen, A Norgaard, J Langhoff-Roos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of a single-dose intravenous infusion of iron isomaltoside compared with current treatment practice with oral iron measured by physical fatigue in women after postpartum haemorrhage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-centre, open-label, randomized controlled trial. Participants received intravenous iron (n = 97) or oral iron (n = 99), and completed the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and haematological and iron parameters were measured...
February 15, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192263/cholesterol-reducing-agents-for-treatment-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-haemorrhage-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
T Akhigbe, A Zolnourian, D Bulters
BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal haemorrhage induced cerebral vasospasm; DIND, poor neurological outcome and mortality are major causes of mortality and morbidity. The effects of cholesterol lowering agents in these patients remain controversial. This up to date systematic review and meta-analyses aimed to evaluate the efficacy of statin use in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage METHODS: Systematic review of literature conducted using electronic database searched up to September 2016 included Cochrane Central Register of Controlled trials in the Cochrane library, Medline, Embase and Science Citation Index Expanded database to identify relevant studies...
February 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182249/fixed-dose-subcutaneous-low-molecular-weight-heparins-versus-adjusted-dose-unfractionated-heparin-for-the-initial-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism
#10
REVIEW
Lindsay Robertson, Lauren E Jones
BACKGROUND: Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) have been shown to be effective and safe in preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE). They may also be effective for the initial treatment of VTE. This is the third update of the Cochrane Review first published in 1999. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fixed dose subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin compared to adjusted dose unfractionated heparin (intravenous or subcutaneous) for the initial treatment of people with venous thromboembolism (acute deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism)...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179452/risk-factors-for-post-thyroidectomy-hemorrhage-a-meta-analysis
#11
Jinhao Liu, Wei Sun, Wenwu Dong, Zhihong Wang, Ping Zhang, Ting Zhang, Hao Zhang
Background Post-thyroidectomy haemorrhage is a rare but potentially life-threatening and unpredictable complication of thyroid surgery. In this study, we analysed the potential risk factors for the occurrence of post-thyroidectomy haemorrhage. Methods The PubMed and SCIE databases were comprehensively searched for studies published before June 30, 2016. In this study, all patients underwent an open thyroidectomy, and RevMan 5.3 software was used to analyse the data. Results Twenty-five studies and 455242 patients were included in this meta-analysis, and post-thyroidectomy haemorrhage occurred in 6573 patients (incidence rate=1...
February 8, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177294/lactococcus-garvieae-an-emerging-bacterial-pathogen-of-fish
#12
REVIEW
C M Meyburgh, R R Bragg, C E Boucher
Lactococcus garvieae is the causative agent of lactococcosis, a hyperacute, haemorrhagic septicaemia of fish. This bacterium is also considered an emerging zoonotic pathogen, as reports of human infection are increasing. Significant economic loss in aquaculture is suffered as a result of lactococcosis, as numerous freshwater and marine species of commercial interest are affected. Development of antibiotic resistance in L. garvieae to several chemotherapeutic agents complicates and restricts treatment options...
February 8, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150348/management-of-acute-ischaemic-stroke-in-patients-with-dementia
#13
REVIEW
A Subic, P Cermakova, B Norrving, B Winblad, M von Euler, M G Kramberger, M Eriksdotter, S Garcia-Ptacek
An estimated 10% of stroke patients have an underlying dementia. As a consequence, health professionals often face the challenge of managing patients with dementia presenting with an acute stroke. Patients with dementia are less likely to receive thrombolysis (0.56-10% vs. 1-16% thrombolysis rates in the general population), be admitted to a stroke unit or receive some types of care. Anticoagulation for secondary stroke prevention is sometimes withheld, despite dementia not being listed as an exclusion criterion in current guidelines...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141899/intravenous-midazolam-infusion-for-sedation-of-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#14
REVIEW
Eugene Ng, Anna Taddio, Arne Ohlsson
BACKGROUND: Proper sedation for neonates undergoing uncomfortable procedures may reduce stress and avoid complications. Midazolam is a short-acting benzodiazepine that is used increasingly in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). However, its effectiveness as a sedative in neonates has not been systematically evaluated. OBJECTIVES: Primary objeciveTo assess the effectiveness of intravenous midazolam infusion for sedation, as evaluated by behavioural and/or physiological measurements of sedation levels, in critically ill neonates in the NICU...
January 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133525/antioxidant-and-antiapoptotic-effects-of-erdosteine-in-a-rat-model-of-ovarian-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#15
Vedat Ugurel, Ahmet Cagatay Cicek, Mustafa Cemek, Selim Demirtas, A Tuba Kocaman, Turan Karaca
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the protective effect of erdosteine, an antiapoptotic and antioxidant agent, on torsion-detorsion evoked histopathological changes in experimental ovarian ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen female Wistar albino rats were used in control, IR, and IR+Edosteine (IR-E) groups, (n=6 in each). The IR-E group received the erdosteine for seven days before the induction of torsion/retorsion, (10 mg/kg/days). The IR and IR-E groups were exposed to right unilateral adnexal torsion for 3 hr...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130787/insufficient-evidence-for-shaken-baby-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
: Shaken baby syndrome has typically been associated with findings of subdural haematoma, retinal haemorrhages and encephalopathy, which are referred to as the triad. During the last decade, however, the certainty with which the triad can indicate that an infant has been violently shaken has been increasingly questioned. The aim of this study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the triad in detecting that an infant had been shaken. The literature search was performed using PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library up to October 15, 2015...
January 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126667/the-ability-of-lipopolysaccharide-lps-of-pasteurella-multocida-b-2-to-induce-clinical-and-pathological-lesions-in-the-nervous-system-of-buffalo-calves-following-experimental-inoculation
#17
Ali Dhiaa Marza, Faez Firdaus Jesse Abdullah, Ihsan Muneer Ahmed, Eric Lim Teik Chung, Hayder Hamzah Ibrahim, Mohd Zamri-Saad, Abdul Rahman Omar, Md Zuki Abu Bakar, Abdul Aziz Saharee, Abdul Wahid Haron, Mohammed Jwaid Alwan, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of P. multocida B:2, a causative agent of haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) in cattle and buffaloes, is considered as the main virulence factor and contribute in the pathogenesis of the disease. Recent studies provided evidences about the involvement of the nervous system in pathogenesis of HS. However, the role of P. multocida B:2 immunogens, especially the LPS is still uncovered. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the role of P. multocida B:2 LPS to induce pathological changes in the nervous system...
January 23, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125090/loss-of-gcn5-leads-to-increased-neuronal-apoptosis-by-upregulating-e2f1-and-egr-1-dependent-bh3-only-protein-bim
#18
Yanna Wu, Shanshan Ma, Yong Xia, Yangpeng Lu, Shiyin Xiao, Yali Cao, Sidian Zhuang, Xiangpeng Tan, Qiang Fu, Longchang Xie, Zhiming Li, Zhongmin Yuan
Cellular acetylation homeostasis is a kinetic balance precisely controlled by histone acetyl-transferase (HAT) and histone deacetylase (HDAC) activities. The loss of the counterbalancing function of basal HAT activity alters the precious HAT:HDAC balance towards enhanced histone deacetylation, resulting in a loss of acetylation homeostasis, which is closely associated with neuronal apoptosis. However, the critical HAT member whose activity loss contributes to neuronal apoptosis remains to be identified. In this study, we found that inactivation of GCN5 by either pharmacological inhibitors, such as CPTH2 and MB-3, or by inactivation with siRNAs leads to a typical apoptosis in cultured cerebellar granule neurons...
January 26, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118491/the-association-between-exercise-induced-pulmonary-haemorrhage-and-race-day-performance-in-thoroughbred-racehorses
#19
E J Crispe, G D Lester, C J Secombe, D I Perera
BACKGROUND: Exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) is commonly implicated as a cause of poor athletic performance but there is limited and conflicting evidence for this association. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if EIPH, based on endoscopic examination after racing, is associated with a variety of novel and established performance parameters. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, observational cross sectional study. METHODS: Thoroughbred racehorses competing between 2012-2015 were examined on-course no earlier than 30 minutes after racing...
January 24, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116446/dart-bid-for-loco-regionally-advanced-nsclc-summary-of-acute-and-late-toxicity-with-long-term-follow-up-experiences-with-pulmonary-dose-constraints
#20
Karl Wurstbauer, Franz Zehentmayr, Heinz Deutschmann, Karin Dagn, Ann-Katrin Exeli, Peter Kopp, Peter Porsch, Birgit Maurer, Michael Studnicka, Felix Sedlmayer
BACKGROUND: To report acute and late toxicity with long-term follow-up, and to describe our experiences with pulmonary dose constraints. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2009, 150 patients with 155 histologically/cytologically proven non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC; tumor stages II, IIIA, IIIB in 6, 55 and 39%, respectively) received the following median doses: primary tumors 79.2 Gy (range 72.0-90.0 Gy), lymph node metastases 59.4 Gy (54.0-73.8 Gy), nodes electively 45 Gy; with fractional doses of 1...
January 23, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
keyword
keyword
91228
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"