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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538066/radial-forearm-osteocutaneous-free-flap-for-reconstruction-of-hard-palate-with-alveolar-defect
#1
Euicheol C Jeong, Sehoon Yoon, Young Ho Jung
The radial forearm free flap is beneficial for reconstruction of large palatal defect with oronasal fistula.A 51-year-old male patient who had anterior palate defect including alveolus after the radiation therapy of malignant cancer on the nasopharyngeal area undertook the radial forearm osteocutaneous free flap to close the oronasal fisula and restore the alveolar arch. The small radial bone segment was fixed in the alveolar defect and vascular anastomoses were performed with facial vessels in neck. The donor site was closed with split thickness skin graft...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532969/lip-reconstruction-using-a-functioning-serratus-anterior-free-flap-preliminary-study
#2
A O Gundeslioglu, E C Karadag, I Inan, L Jasharllari, M N Selimoglu, F Guney, B Yuruten, M Bekerecioglu
Reconstructive surgery to the lips requires the replacement of defective tissues with similarly functioning tissues. While non-dynamic free tissue transfers provide adequate lower lip reconstruction, improved benefits may be obtained with innervated free muscle flaps. This study reports the use of innervated serratus anterior muscle free flaps for lip reconstruction in five patients. All patients had squamous cell carcinoma of either the upper or lower lip. After resection of the tumours, the resultant defects comprised two-thirds of the lips...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526903/compartmental-tongue-resection-with-submental-island-flap-reconstruction-for-large-carcinoma-of-the-oral-tongue
#3
Sameh Roshdy, Mohamed Elbadrawy, Ashraf Khater, Tamer Fady, Hend A El-Hadaad, Nazem Shams, Hany M Elbarbary
BACKGROUND: Tongue resection is a surgical challenge because of its adverse effects on language articulation, swallowing, respiration, the eventual quality of life, and poor prognosis of advanced disease. To date, the currently accepted standard treatment has been based on excision of the primary lesion with a 1.5-2-cm circumferential macroscopic margin. Compartmental tongue surgery (CTS) is a surgical technique that removes an anatomo-functional compartment containing the primary tumor...
May 19, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516962/design-of-a-customised-bridging-mandibular-prosthesis-for-complex-reconstruction-a-pilot-study
#4
A Tarsitano, S Battaglia, A Sandi, C Marchetti
The gold standard for mandibular reconstruction is universally recognised and consists of the replacement of the bony part of the mandible with a bony microvascular free flap supported by a reconstructive plate. Although this procedure is feasible and reproducible in most patients, at times poor oncological prognosis or poor performance status force surgeons to consider other reconstructive solutions. In these cases, the main alternative in reconstructing a mandibular defect is represented by bridging plates combined with soft tissue flaps...
June 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513412/-multidisciplinary-approach-of-facial-injuries
#5
L Dubois, R Schreurs, O Lapid, P Saeed, G F Adriaensen, F M Hoefnagels, V M de Jong
BACKGROUND: Approximately one quarter of polytrauma patients has facial injuries, which usually lead to loss of form and function. Several specialties are involved in the acute and reconstructive phases of facial injuries, such as oral and maxillofacial surgery, otorhinolaryngology, plastic surgery, ophthalmology and dentistry. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 25-year-old man with severe facial injuries was brought to the shock room after sustaining high-energy trauma. He had a panfacial fracture that required reconstruction...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509671/complications-in-facial-mohs-defect-reconstruction
#6
Angelique M Berens, Sarah R Akkina, Sapna A Patel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent literature in regards to complications after reconstruction of Mohs defects, outline common pitfalls and to discuss the literature on avoiding complications as outlined per aesthetic subunit. RECENT FINDINGS: Complications in facial Mohs reconstruction commonly consist of infection, wound necrosis and dehiscence, hematoma and suboptimal scarring. However, site-specific complications such as hairline or eyebrow distortion, eyelid retraction or ectropion, nasal contour abnormality, alar retraction, nasal valve compromise, significant facial asymmetry or even oral incompetence must also be considered...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507862/eyelid-reconstruction-using-oral-mucosa-and-ear-cartilage-strips-as-sandwich-grafting
#7
Naoto Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Ogi, Satoshi Yanagibayashi, Ryuichi Yoshida, Megumi Takikawa, Akio Nishijima, Tomoharu Kiyosawa
BACKGROUND: The eyelid structure can be divided into an inner layer and an outer layer. Reconstruction of a full-thickness eyelid defect is accomplished by full-thickness composite tissue transfer or combined layered reconstruction. We present a new technique for inner layer reconstruction using ear cartilage and oral mucosa. METHODS: The oral mucosa graft is harvested from the inner side of the lower lip to fit the defect size and shape. The ear cartilage graft is harvested as a rectangular strip...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507858/reconstructing-discontinuous-facial-defects-with-simultaneous-ulnar-perforator-free-flaps
#8
Carissa M Thomas, Mofiyinfolu Sokoya, Frederic W-B Deleyiannis
Multiple, simultaneous skin cancers of the face are common. This is the first description of reconstructing discontinuous facial defects (i.e., separate sites of the face) with simultaneous ulnar perforator flaps. The distinct innovations of this multiple flap design are the ability to restrict the harvest site to one extremity, to obtain vein and arterial grafts from the same extremity, and to create multiple flaps with minimal hirsutism and bulk. We present a case of a 57-year-old male with multiple basal cell carcinomas who underwent wide local excisions of the right upper lip and cheek and of the left lower eyelid and infraorbital cheek...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499713/long-term-outcomes-of-oesophageal-atresia-without-or-with-proximal-tracheooesophageal-fistula-gross-types-a-and-b
#9
A I Koivusalo, S J Sistonen, H G Lindahl, R J Rintala, M P Pakarinen
PURPOSE: Because of an extended gap between esophageal pouches a variety of methods are employed to treat oesophageal atresia (OA) without (type A) or with (type B) proximal tracheooesophageal fistula. This retrospective observational study describes their single centre long-term outcomes from 1947 to 2014. METHODS: Of 693 patients treated for OA 68 (9.7%) had type A (n=58, 8.3%) or B (n=10, 1.4%). Hospital records were reviewed. Main outcome measures were survival and oral intake...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499536/recognizing-and-managing-common-urogynecologic-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Denise M Elser
Many women experience urogynecologic or pelvic floor disorders, especially urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. The obstetrician/gynecologist is often the first health care professional to evaluate and treat these disorders. Treatments include pelvic floor muscle training, behavioral therapies, oral medications, neuromodulation, intradetrusor medications, and surgery. When approaching the woman with symptomatic prolapse, familiarity with pessaries and various surgical procedures aid in counseling...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494483/the-cost-of-major-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery
#11
Rahul Jayakar, Jenny Choi, Craig MacKinnon, Swee Tan
AIM: This study quantified the cost of major head and neck cancer (HNC) surgery. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing major HNC surgery between July 2007 and June 2012 were identified from our head and neck database. Patient demographics, tumour type, site, stage and types of resection and reconstruction, length of stay and surgical complications occurring within six months of initial surgery were retrospectively analysed. The actual cost of initial surgical treatment and hospital income were calculated...
May 12, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490040/individualized-plastic-reconstruction-strategy-for-patients-with-ectodermal-dysplasia-syndrome
#12
Yikang Hou, Yunbo Jin, Xiaoxi Lin, Gang Chai, Yan Zhang, Zuoliang Qi
Ectodermal dysplasia syndrome is a hereditary disease of ectodermal origin. Appearances of nail dystrophy, alopecia or hypotrichosis, saddle nose deformity, and palmoplantar hyperkeratosis are usually associated with a lack of sweat glands as well as partial or complete absence of teeth. These manifestations are usually corrected only with oral rehabilitation by mounting dentures. In this study, plastic rehabilitation was developed to correct the special features of patients with ectodermal dysplasia. Four men and 1 woman with ectodermal dysplasia syndrome were treated...
June 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476702/bilobed-platysma-myocutaneous-flap-in-reconstruction-of-mandibular-region-cutaneous-defect
#13
Yuhang Sun, Jinjie Sun, Xiaohui Dong, Guofeng Zhang, Jing An, Haojun Yuan
Reconstruction of large cutaneous defects is a challenging task for plastic surgeons. When the skin defect is only part of the complex defects after expansion resection of oral cancer and neck dissection should be done at the same time, it is a daunting task to obtain a cosmetic post-operative appearance. We designed bilobed platysma myocutaneous flaps to reconstruct the mandibular region cutaneous defects. And at the same time, the incessant of the bilobed flap can be a combined incision of platysma myocutaneous flap and neck dissection and can be used to expose fully the region of neck dissection and to supply a large enough platysma flap to reconstruct the mandibular skin defect...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474080/-assessment-of-life-quality-of-for-patients-after-tongue-reconstruction-with-radial-forearm-free-flap-anterolateral-thigh-perforator-flap-or-submental-island-flap
#14
Yang Zhao, Jing-Zhou Xiang, Fa-Yu Liu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate operation-related factors and quality of life (QOL) for patients after tongue reconstruction with radial forearm free flap (RFFF), anterolateral thigh perforator flap (ALT) or submental island flap (SIF). METHODS: Totally 59 patients, diagnosed as tongue carcinoma, received glossectomy and simultaneous reconstruction with free flaps including RFFF, ALT or SIF in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hospital of Stomatology, China Medical University from October 2004 to October 2014...
February 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469829/combination-prosthetic-design-providing-a-superior-retention-for-mid-facial-defect-rehabilitation-a-case-report
#15
Supassra Nilanonth, Prana Shakya, Natdhanai Chotprasert, Theerathavaj Srithavaj
Large maxillofacial defects from malignant tumor treatment are rarely rehabilitated by surgical reconstruction alone. Ameloblastic carcinoma, a rare aggressive odontogenic malignant tumor, requires wide surgical excision to gain a tumor-free margin. In the post-surgical defect, prosthetic rehabilitation is the treatment of choice to restore function and esthetics. Moreover, an intra-oral prosthesis such as an obturator restores speech, mastication and deglutition. Retention of the obturator is a major problem while rehabilitating large defects...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468195/clinical-application-of-a-pedicled-forearm-flap-in-the-reconstruction-after-oral-cancer-resection
#16
Xiaoqiang Zhao, Youmei Zhang, Shuai Fu, Changbin Zhang, Ming Li, Yong Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical application of a pedicled forearm flap in the reconstruction of soft tissue defects after oral cancer resection. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 31 patients with oral cancer in the Affiliated Stomatology Hospital of Kunming Medical University. The patients underwent repair of soft tissue defects, resulting from oral cancer resection, using a pedicled forearm flap. Patients were followed up for 3 months to 3 years to observe the survival rate of the pedicled forearm flap and the recovery of the patient's appearance and oral function...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465526/%C3%AF-development-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-of%C3%AF-%C3%AF-%C3%AF-a-facescan-3d-facial-reconstruction-technology-method%C3%A2-for-quantitative-evaluation%C3%A2-of-cheilitis-granulomatosa
#17
Chang-Qing Mu, Shi-Qin Wang, Yang Liu, Chun-Lei Li, Xiao-Sheng Hu, Hong Hua
We explored the applicability of Facescan three-dimensional (3D) facial reconstruction technology for adjunctive diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation of cheilitis granulomatosa (CG) in 33 patients with CG and 29 healthy controls at the Dept. of Oral Medicine, Peking University, School and Hospital of Stomatology (PKUSS), from January 2015 to May 2016. The Facescan structured-light 3D facial reconstruction scanner was used to scan the scope of lips in both groups, in order to acquire 3D morphological data of the lips...
May 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461046/prosthetic-rehabilitation-following-lateral-resection-of-the-mandible-with-a-long-cantilever-implant-supported-fixed-prosthesis-a-3-year-clinical-report
#18
Georgios Maroulakos, William W Nagy, Ayman Ahmed, Ioli I Artopoulou
This clinical report describes the prosthetic management of the surgical reconstruction of a patient after mandibular resection. Complete oral rehabilitation was achieved with a maxillary complete denture and a mandibular implant-supported fixed prosthesis with a custom titanium framework and a long unilateral cantilever.
April 28, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459758/speech-and-swallowing-outcomes-following-oral-cavity-reconstruction
#19
Camilla Dawson, Laith Al-Qamachi, Timothy Martin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review explores speech and swallowing outcomes following oral cavity reconstruction for treatment of head and neck cancer, with focus on articles published within 2015-2016. RECENT FINDINGS: There is limited recent evidence that explores functional outcomes following oral cavity surgery in the literature; therefore, an overview of the literature describing surgical interventions and their associated functional outcomes is timely. SUMMARY: We discuss the challenges associated with achieving adequate surgical margins, alongside optimal functional outcomes...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456427/-how-to-make-your-own-custom-cutting-guides-for-both-mandibular-and-fibular-stair-step-osteotomies
#20
K Rem, R Bosc, H De Kermadec, B Hersant, J-P Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: Using tailored cutting guides for osteocutaneous free fibula flap in complex mandibular reconstruction after cancer resection surgery constitutes a substantial improvement. Autonomously conceiving and manufacturing the cutting guides within a plastic surgery department with computer-aided design (CAD) and three-dimensional (3D) printing allows planning more complex osteotomies, such as stair-step osteotomies, in order to achieve more stable internal fixations. METHODS: For the past three years, we have been producing by ourselves patient-tailored cutting guides using CAD and 3D printing...
April 26, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
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