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Colin G Murphy, Michel P Bonnin, Antoine H Desbiolles, Yannick Carrillon, Tarik Aїt Si Selmi
BACKGROUND: Varus inclination of the uncemented stem is not necessarily a technical error. The proximal femoral anatomy of hips with a coxa vara deformity frequently predisposes varus inclination. METHODS: We reviewed a series of 200 patients undergoing primary uncemented THA with the Corail® hip system. Preoperative data were based on patient demographics, diagnosis, and radiographic information (preoperative templating-CT measurements), and compared postoperative alignment for each stem and type of stem used...
October 15, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Robert K Whittaker, Harry S Hothi, Antti Eskelinen, Gordon W Blunn, John A Skinner, Alister J Hart
Material loss from the head-stem taper junction of total hip arthroplasty (THA) is implicated in adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD); the mechanisms for this are multi-factorial. We investigated the relationship between the roughness of the 'as manufactured' taper surface and the wear rate from this junction. 50 retrieved Pinnacle metal-on-metal (MOM) bearings paired with a Corail stem were included in the study. Multivariable statistical analysis was performed to determine the influence of taper roughness on material loss rate after controlling for other confounding surgical, implant and patient factors...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
José-Luis Barnay, Andre Cabie, Sylvie Abel, Emilie Javelle, Odile Troisgros, Patrick René-Corail
Arboviruses cause very recurrent epidemics, the oldest Dengue, known especially outside the flu-like syndrome with high fever mainly impacting vulnerable populations, may be responsible for severe hemorrhagic fevers, but also a few cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome. In 2014, the French Antilles occurred an outbreak of Chikungunya, following that of the Reunion's outbreak. During this period have been described, the articular and musculo-squellettic lesions, responsible for loss of autonomy in populations already carriers of chronic inflammatory joint damage or mechanical, but also a heavy impact on the autonomy of elderly and frail people...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Munnan Al-Najjim, Usman Khattak, Juluis Sim, Iain Chambers
INTRODUCTION: Measurement of early subsidence of uncemented femoral stems can be used to evaluate the likelihood of long term stem component loosening and therefore clinical failure. Our aim was to evaluate the factors associated with subsidence in collared and uncollared versions of the Corail femoral stem. METHODS: 121 hips in 113 consecutive patients were studied, operated on by two surgeons in our hospital differing in their choice of Corail stem. This gave two groups of patients with 66 hips having collared stems and 55 hips having uncollared...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics
Olav Reikerås
PURPOSE: Femoral component revision with either cemented or proximally coated stems has been disappointing, but revision with extensively coated stems has been promising. Our purpose was to evaluate the long-term outcome using an extensively hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated stem in femoral revisions surgery. METHODS: During 1988-1993 we performed 66 femoral revisions in 65 patients (49 women), mean age 58 (range, 28-86) years. We used a grit-blasted straight stem made of TiAl6V4 designed for press-fit insertion (Landos Corail; Landanger, Chaumont, France)...
April 30, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Gulraj S Matharu, Fiona Berryman, Lesley Brash, Paul B Pynsent, Ronan B C Treacy, David J Dunlop
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether blood metal ions could effectively identify patients with metal-on-metal hip implants with two common designs (Birmingham Hip Resurfacing [BHR] and Corail-Pinnacle) who were at risk of adverse reactions to metal debris. METHODS: This single-center, prospective study involved 598 patients with unilateral hip implants (309 patients with the BHR implant and 289 patients with the Corail-Pinnacle implant) undergoing whole blood metal ion sampling at a mean time of 6...
April 20, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
A Merini, A Viste, R Desmarchelier, M-H Fessy
INTRODUCTION: Implant neck fracture involving a non-modular femoral stem is rare in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Occasional cases have been reported following laser etching of the Corail(tm) stem, but risk factors have not been precisely determined. We therefore performed a retrospective study on a series of Corail(tm) stems with laser neck etching, in order to: (1) determine the exact implant neck fracture rate at 10 years, and (2) identify associated risk factors. HYPOTHESIS: Laser etching increases the rate of implant neck fracture...
February 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Jens G Boldt, Jean-Claude Cartillier, Alain Machenaud, Jean-Pierre Vidalain
We present a prospective study focused on radiographic long-term outcomes and bone remodeling at a mean of 17.0 years (range: 15 to 20) in 208 cementless fully HA-coated femoral stems (Corail, DePuy International Ltd, Leeds, UK). Total hip replacements in this study were performed by three members of the surgeon design group between 1986 and 1991. Radiographic evaluation focused on periprosthetic osteolysis, bone remodeling, osseous integration, subsidence, metaphyseal or diaphyseal load transfer, and femoral stress shielding...
November 2015: Surgical Technology International
Jean-Christophe Bel, Jean-Paul Carret
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether minimal invasive surgery (MIS) in elderly patients with neck of femur fractures would reduce the peri-operative complications and improve the post-operative ambulation and length of hospital stay in his cohort of patients. Forty elderly patients were treated with either total hip arthroplasty (THA) or bipolar prosthesis using MIS transgluteal approach. A matched reference group treated with a conventional surgical approach formed the control group. All procedures were performed by the same surgeon...
January 2015: Injury
O Cantin, A Viste, R Desmarchelier, J-L Besse, M H Fessy
BACKGROUND: Restoring the native hip anatomy increases hip prosthesis survival, whereas increased femoral lateralisation creates high torque stresses that may alter prosthesis fixation. After finding lucent lines around cementless lateralised stems (Corail™, DePuy Synthes, St Priest, France) in several patients, we evaluated the effects of lateralisation in a large case-series. The objective of our study was to compare lateralised vs standard stems of identical design in terms of radiological osteo-integration and survival...
November 2015: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Pierre-Emmanuel Baurand, Nicolas Capelli, Annette de Vaufleury
The study explores the relevance of coupling Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and a High-Resolution capillary electrophoresis System (HRS) method for assessing the genotoxic potential of the wide variety commercial formulations of pesticides. Using this technique, the genotoxic potential of a glyphosate-based herbicide (Roundup Flash(®) (RU)) and two fungicide formulations based on tebuconazole and copper (Corail(®) and Bordeaux mixture (BM), respectively) was evaluated on terrestrial snail embryos...
November 15, 2015: Journal of Hazardous Materials
F Simon, E Javelle, A Cabie, E Bouquillard, O Troisgros, G Gentile, I Leparc-Goffart, B Hoen, F Gandjbakhch, P Rene-Corail, J-M Franco, E Caumes, B Combe, S Poiraudeau, F Gane-Troplent, F Djossou, T Schaerverbeke, A Criquet-Hayot, P Carrere, D Malvy, P Gaillard, D Wendling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Veenesh Selvaratnam, Vishwanath Shetty, Vishal Sahni
The purpose of this study was to assess whether subsidence occurs in collarless Corail hip replacement (CCHR) and to ascertain the extent and timing of subsidence if present. Retrospective case notes analysis was performed. Sixty eight patients who had CCHR were identified from our database. Male to female ratio was 32:36. Their mean age was 74.2 years (range 37-95 years). Indications for surgery were osteoarthritis in 64 (94%) patients, rheumatoid arthritis in two (3%) patients and avascular necrosis in two (3%) patients...
2015: Open Orthopaedics Journal
M W Pennington, R Grieve, J H van der Meulen
There is little evidence on the cost effectiveness of different brands of hip prostheses. We compared lifetime cost effectiveness of frequently used brands within types of prosthesis including cemented (Exeter V40 Contemporary, Exeter V40 Duration and Exeter V40 Elite Plus Ogee), cementless (Corail Pinnacle, Accolade Trident, and Taperloc Exceed) and hybrid (Exeter V40 Trilogy, Exeter V40 Trident, and CPT Trilogy). We used data from three linked English national databases to estimate the lifetime risk of revision, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and cost...
June 2015: Bone & Joint Journal
M P Bonnin, C C Neto, T Aitsiselmi, C G Murphy, N Bossard, S Roche
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the geometry of the proximal femur and the incidence of intra-operative fracture during uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA). We studied the pre-operative CT scans of 100 patients undergoing THA with an uncemented femoral component. We measured the anteroposterior and mediolateral dimensions at the level of division of the femoral neck to calculate the aspect ratio of the femur. Wide variations in the shape of the femur were observed, from round, to very narrow elliptic...
June 2015: Bone & Joint Journal
Harry S Hothi, Robert K Whittaker, Jay M Meswania, Gordon W Blunn, John A Skinner, Alister J Hart
The clinical importance of material loss at the head-stem junction is unknown. Comparison of retrievals with different stem types can provide the opportunity to understand the importance of the taper junction. This was a case-control study involving 20 retrieved 36 mm metal-on-metal Pinnacle (DePuy) hips that were paired with either a Corail (n = 10) or S-ROM (n = 10) stem. The median head taper material loss rate for the Corail group was 0.238 (0.0002-2.178) mm(3)/year and was significantly greater than the S-ROM group (p = 0...
January 2015: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Martin C Bone, Raghavendra P Sidaginamale, James K Lord, Susan C Scholes, Thomas J Joyce, Anthony V F Nargol, David J Langton
In contrast to the articulating and taper surfaces of failed total hip replacements, volumetric wear analysis of trunnions is not routinely performed. Metal wear particles from the trunnion may contribute not only to the failures of metal-on-metal total hip replacements but also to all hip replacements utilising metal trunnions. A validation study was performed with the material removed in stages from the trunnions of an Exeter V40 stem, a Corail stem and an Accolade stem to simulate different magnitudes of wear...
January 2015: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Gulraj S Matharu, Fiona Berryman, Lesley Brash, Paul B Pynsent, Ronan B Treacy, David J Dunlop
PURPOSE: Most factors considered to affect blood metal ions following metal-on-metal hip replacement are based on hip resurfacing patients. The study aims were to determine which factors affect blood metal ion concentrations following metal-on-metal total hip replacement (MoM THR). METHODS: All unilateral MoM THR patients at one centre with whole-blood cobalt (Co) and chromium (Cr) concentrations measured up to May 2013 were included. Blood sampling was at a mean of 4...
September 2015: International Orthopaedics
G Grammatopoulos, H A Wilson, B J L Kendrick, E C Pulford, J Lippett, M Deakin, A J Andrade, G Kambouroglou
National Institute of Clinical Excellence guidelines state that cemented stems with an Orthopaedic Data Evaluation Panel (ODEP) rating of > 3B should be used for hemiarthroplasty when treating an intracapsular fracture of the femoral neck. These recommendations are based on studies in which most, if not all stems, did not hold such a rating. This case-control study compared the outcome of hemiarthroplasty using a cemented (Exeter) or uncemented (Corail) femoral stem. These are the two prostheses most commonly used in hip arthroplasty in the UK...
January 2015: Bone & Joint Journal
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