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addictions, alcohol, drugs, mental health

Mohammad Rafi Bazrafshan, Farkhondeh Sharif, Zahra Molazem, Arash Mani
BACKGROUND: Research shows that parents have an immense influence over their children's behavior during adolescence. Adolescents who grow up with parents who are addicted to drugs and alcohol are more likely to turn to self-destructive behaviors such as suicide attempts. Because addiction in Iran is a primarily masculine phenomenon and in traditional Iranian culture, the father is responsible for family affairs and is recognized as the family provider, paternal addiction affects adolescent children...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
Evdokia Misouridou, Danai Papadatou
Addiction treatment centers often fail to involve families in treatment. The aim of the present study was to explore the challenges that Greek mental health professionals encounter in their work with parents of drug and alcohol abusers. A qualitative study design was adopted, and five focus group discussions were conducted with 27 drug and alcohol professionals. The thematic analysis of their accounts revealed the key difficulties that professionals encounter in their collaboration with parents that included parental lack of involvement or over-engagement in treatment, unrealistic expectations, ambivalence or opposition to change, ethical dilemmas, and alliance issues, as well as collaboration challenges among therapists...
November 2, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Karen E van den Hondel, Anne Linde Saaltink, Peter Paul M Bender
BACKGROUND: Forensic physicians are responsible for first-line medical care of detainees (individuals held in custody) in the police station. The Dutch police law contains a 'duty of care', which gives the police responsibility for the apparent mentally ill and/or confused people they encounter during their work. The police can ask a forensic physician to do a primary psychiatric assessment of any apparent mentally ill detainee. The forensic physician determines if the apparent mentally ill behavior of the detainee is due to a somatic illness, or has a psychiatric cause for which the detainee needs admission to a psychiatric hospital...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Carlos Roncero, Néstor Szerman, Antonio Terán, Carlos Pino, José María Vázquez, Elena Velasco, Marta García-Dorado, Miguel Casas
BACKGROUND: There is a need to evaluate the professionals' perception about the consequences of the lack of therapeutic adherence in the evolution of patients with co-occurring disorders. METHODS: An online survey, released on the Socidrogalcohol [Spanish Scientific Society for Research on Alcohol, Alcoholism and other Drug Addictions] and Sociedad Española de Patología Dual [the Spanish Society of Dual Pathology] web pages, was answered by 250 professionals who work in different types of Spanish health centers where dual diagnosis patients are assisted...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Anthony Zehetner, Popi Iatrou, Basiliki Lampropoulos, Natalie Phillips
AIM: To evaluate Teenlink, a wide-ranging medical and psychological health service addressing the needs of children and adolescents in substance-using families, who are at increased risk of developmental and psychosocial problems. METHODS: Retrospective record review of 124 children, from 92 families seen over a 13 year period. RESULTS: Polysubstance use and mental illness were common amongst parents. Children often presented with emotional and behavioural problems...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Ayesha Sajid, Aaron Whiteman, Richard L Bell, Marion S Greene, Eric A Engleman, R Andrew Chambers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fourfold increases in opioid prescribing and dispensations over 2 decades in the U.S. has paralleled increases in opioid addictions and overdoses, requiring new preventative, diagnostic, and treatment strategies. This study examines Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) tracking as a novel measure of opioid addiction treatment outcomes in a university-affiliated integrated mental health-addiction treatment clinic. METHODS: Repeated measure parametrics examined PDMP and urine drug screening (UDS) data before and after first injection for all patients (N = 68) who received at least one long-acting naltrexone injection (380 mg/IM) according to diagnostic groupings of having either (i) alcohol (control); (ii) opioid; or (iii) combined alcohol and opioid use disorders...
October 2016: American Journal on Addictions
G Dorard, C Bungener, O Phan, Y Edel, M Corcos, S Berthoz
BACKGROUND: The use of illicit substances, in particular cannabis, among French adolescents and young adults has become an important public health concern. A better understanding of the mechanisms involved in pathological substance use is nowadays critical. Psychiatric comorbidities have been previously reported in adult substance abusers but are less documented in adolescents, especially regarding cannabis dependence. OBJECTIVES: We investigated mental health problems in adolescents and young adults, seeking treatment for their problematic cannabis use, comparatively to healthy controls, taking into account the participant's gender and age...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
Maria Beatriz Brisola-Santos, João Guilherme de Mello E Gallinaro, Felipe Gil, Bernardo Sampaio-Junior, Matheus Cheibub David Marin, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Kimber Paschall Richter, Ira David Glick, Danilo Antonio Baltieri, João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite scientific evidence that marijuana impairs performance and mental health, there is evidence that some athletes are at higher risk for use. This review aims to identify possible risk factors associated with marijuana use in athletes. METHODS: A search was conducted in the PubMed database with the keywords: (marijuana OR cannabis OR tetrahydrocannabinol OR delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol OR THC) AND (sports OR sport OR athlete OR athletes)...
October 2016: American Journal on Addictions
Irena Milosevic, Susan M Chudzik, Susan Boyd, Randi E McCabe
This paper presents the development and preliminary evaluation of an integrated group cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) for comorbid mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders. The 12-session, manualized treatment was developed collaboratively by a mental health program in a teaching hospital and a community-based addictions service and administered in both settings. Results from an uncontrolled effectiveness trial of 29 treatment completers suggest that integrated group CBT may reduce stress and alcohol use symptoms and improve substance refusal self-efficacy...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Thiago M Fidalgo, Zila M Sanchez, Sheila C Caetano, Lucas O Maia, Elisaldo A Carlini, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Studies have highlighted psychosocial factors associated with drug use among adolescents. Association of specific psychiatric comorbidity with substance use has not been properly established in Brazil. This study aimed to investigate alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use by 15-18-year-old high school Brazilian students and to estimate associations with psychiatric symptoms. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 4,034 students from 128 public and private schools in São Paulo State was carried out using a two-step probability sample...
August 2016: American Journal on Addictions
Naveed Zafar Janjua, Amanda Yu, Margot Kuo, Maria Alvarez, Darrel Cook, Jason Wong, Mark W Tyndall, Mel Krajden
BACKGROUND: We characterized the twin epidemics of new and prevalent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in British Columbia, Canada to inform prevention, care and treatment programs. METHODS: The BC Hepatitis Testers Cohort (BC-HTC) includes individuals tested for HCV, HIV or reported as a case of HBV, HCV, HIV or active TB between 1990-2013 linked with data on their medical visits, hospitalizations, cancers, prescription drugs and mortality. Prevalent infection was defined as being anti-HCV positive at first test...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Torgeir Gilje Lid, Geir Egil Eide, Ingvild Dalen, Eivind Meland
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether information regarding potentially alcohol-related health incidents recorded in electronic patient records might aid in earlier identification of alcohol use disorders. DESIGN: We extracted potentially alcohol-related information in electronic patient records and tested if alcohol-related diagnoses, prescriptions of codeine, tramadol, ethylmorphine, and benzodiazepines; elevated levels of gamma-glutamyl-transferase (GGT), and mean cell volume (MCV); and new sick leave certificates predicted specific alcohol use disorder...
September 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
L Simmat-Durand, N Vellut, C Lejeune, M Jauffret-Roustide, S Mougel, L Michel, M Planche
: Pathways from alcoholism to recovery are documented; less often are those from drug addiction to alcoholism. Biographical approaches allow analyzing how people change their uses and talk about their trajectories of recovery. METHODS: Three hundred and forty-one people (34% women) in the Paris area were questioned on their trajectories with a biographical questionnaire. Some open questions were aimed to understand the connection they made between events in their lives, how recovered they felt and what they considered strengths or obstacles...
June 29, 2016: L'Encéphale
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Natasha Ramzan, Stephanie L Baird
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the odds of suicide attempts among those with arthritis compared with those without and to see what factors attenuate this association and (2) to identify which factors are associated with suicide attempts among adults with arthritis. Secondary data analysis of the nationally representative 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH) was performed. For objective 1, those with and without arthritis were included (n = 21,744). For objective 2, only individuals who had arthritis (n = 4885) were included...
September 2016: Rheumatology International
Shouq A Sadah, Moloud Shahbazi, Matthew T Wiley, Vagelis Hristidis
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of patients from diverse demographic groups share and search for health-related information on Web-based social media. However, little is known about the content of the posted information with respect to the users' demographics. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to analyze the content of Web-based health-related social media based on users' demographics to identify which health topics are discussed in which social media by which demographic groups and to help guide educational and research activities...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Vera B Egorova, Nadezhda V Savvina, Yana A Munkhalova, Tatyana G Dmitrieva, Sardana V Markova, Sargylana U Artamonova
INTRODUCTION: According to the state policy in the field of health care, one of the priority directions is the improving of medical care for children's population [1]. It should be noted, that the state of health of the population and the development of society as a whole is largely determined by the level of adolescents health who have a significant impact on the health of the nation as a whole, and form the cultural, intellectual, industrial and reproductive potential [2, 3]. THE AIM: This article analyzes the health status indicators of adolescent population of the Republic Sakha (Yakutia), including the dynamics of the disease, including socially conditioned diseases, disability and mortality among the teenage population...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
A Ali, A Carré, C Hassler, S Spilka, A Vanier, C Barry, S Berthoz
BACKGROUND: The prevention of addictions in young people is a challenge for Mental and Public Health policies, and requires specific risk-screening tools. Specific personality traits, as assessed using the Substance Use Risk Profile Scale (SURPS), could play a key role in the onset and escalation of substance use. This study aimed to examine (1) measurement invariance across age and gender (2) the effects of age and gender on associations between SURPS scores and the most frequently-consumed substances...
June 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Ansuman Panigrahi, Madhulita Panigrahi, Aditya Prasad Padhy, Sai Chandan Das
The mental health of women residing in slum areas is a neglected and important public health concern. The present cross-sectional study was undertaken during 2012-13 to assess frequently occurring mental disorders and associated factors among married women 15-45 years of age, residing in slum areas of Bhubaneswar, India. A multistage, cluster, random sampling design was applied to select the study areas. The presence of a mental disorder was determined using a validated, self-reported questionnaire, developed by the World Health Organization...
April 22, 2016: Women & Health
Yun Han, Veronique Lin, Fei Wu, Yih-Ing Hser
BACKGROUND: Few studies have focused on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs), despite indications of increasing substance abuse among AAPIs in recent years. OBJECTIVES: This prospective longitudinal study examined gender differences among AAPIs in treatment. METHODS: The study included 567 (177 women, 390 men) AAPI patients drawn from two prior studies, one with 32 community treatment programs in 13 California counties (CalTOP, 3, 9 months), and another project including 36 treatment sites in 5 California counties (TSI, 3, 12 months)...
May 11, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Deborah Wise-Harris, Daniel Pauly, Deborah Kahan, Jason Tan de Bibiana, Stephen W Hwang, Vicky Stergiopoulos
The experiences of individuals with mental illness and addictions who frequently present to hospital emergency departments (EDs) have rarely been explored. This study reports findings from self-reported, quantitative surveys (n = 166) and in-depth, qualitative interviews (n = 20) with frequent ED users with mental health and/or substance use challenges in a large urban centre. Participants presented to hospital for mental health (35 %), alcohol/drug use (21 %), and physical health (39 %) concerns and described their ED visits as unavoidable and appropriate, despite feeling stigmatized by hospital personnel and being discharged without expected treatment...
March 9, 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
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