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Orbital lymphoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027822/mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-with-intraocular-and-orbital-involvement-case-presentation-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Kenn Freedman, Sudhir Shenoy
Primary ocular lymphomas are typically confined to either the eye or the orbit. Rarely, in immune-competent patients, lymphomas affect both the eye and the orbit simultaneously. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas are the most common ocular lymphomas. They usually present primarily in the orbit but sometimes can present primarily in intraocular tissue. MALT lymphomas that occur initially in the uvea can sometimes spread to the adjacent orbit. We report a case of progressively enlarging MALT lymphoma in a 62-year-old immune-competent patient causing a severe mass effect in the orbit and simultaneously presenting with intraocular involvement...
October 13, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993856/-malignant-lymphomas-of-the-eye
#2
REVIEW
F Fend, D Süsskind, C Deuter, S E Coupland
The eye and the ocular adnexae are rare sites for malignant non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Based on their anatomical location, intraocular lymphomas must be discerned from NHL of adnexal structures including conjunctiva, lacrimal gland, and orbit. Whereas the latter group mostly consists of indolent extranodal marginal zone B‑cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) type or secondary manifestations of systemic NHL, most primary intraocular lymphomas are classified as diffuse large B‑cell lymphomas (DLBCL) and are considered a variant of primary DLBCL of the central nervous system...
October 9, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973119/optic-nerve-infiltration-in-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma
#3
Guido Ahle, Valérie Touitou, Nathalie Cassoux, Marie Bouyon, Catherine Humbrecht, Hélène Oesterlé, Alexander Baraniskin, Carole Soussain, Ludovic Nguyen-Them, Claude Gaultier, Khê Hoang-Xuan, Caroline Houillier
Importance: Visual impairment in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is caused mostly by intraocular lymphomatous involvement (vitritis and retinal infiltration), whereas optic nerve infiltration (ONI) is a rare condition. Objective: To describe the clinical presentation of ONI, its imaging characteristics, and outcome. Design, Setting and Participants: A total of 752 patients diagnosed with PCNSL were retrospectively identified from the databases of 3 French hospitals from January 1, 1998, through December 31, 2014...
October 2, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966461/natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-invading-the-orbit-and-globe
#4
Lance J Lyons, Ivan Vrcek, Marie Somogyi, Kevin Taheri, Joan H Admirand, Saradha Chexal, Demetrius F Loukas, Tanuj Nakra
Natural killer/T-cell lymphomas are extremely rare and carry high mortality rates. Epidemiologically, these cancers tend to affect mainly Asian and South American patients and are associated with Epstein-Barr virus seropositivity. This report details a 78-year-old Vietnamese woman who presented initially with vitritis of unknown cause, but later developed proptosis and conjunctival involvement as her disease spread. Biopsies of the orbit, ethmoid sinus, and conjunctiva were found to be significant for natural killer/T-cell lymphoma...
October 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910871/-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-in-children-and-adolescents-a-clinicopathologic-study-of-5-cases
#5
J Hu, J L Xie, Z J Zhou, X G Zhou
Objective: To investigate the pathological features and clinical manifestations of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma in children and adolescents. Methods: Five cases of MALT lymphoma in children were investigated by morphology and immunophenotyping along with clinical follow-up. Results: Five cases of MALT lymphoma occurred in the antrum, orbit, parotid gland and nasopharynx. All patients had no B symptoms and only one patient showed a local mass with ulcer. One case presented with cervical lymph node enlargement, and 4 cases showed no evidence of lymphadenopathy...
September 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902011/meibomian-gland-dysfunction-associated-with-periocular-radiotherapy
#6
Young Jun Woo, JaeSang Ko, Yong Woo Ji, Tae-Im Kim, Jin Sook Yoon
PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of periocular radiotherapy on meibomian glands. METHODS: We evaluated 28 patients (40 eyes) who received radiotherapy (RT group) for conjunctival or orbital lymphoma and 30 age-matched control subjects (60 eyes). Subjects underwent slit-lamp examination of the eyelids, Schirmer test, meibography, and evaluation of tear film breakup time (TBUT), Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) scores, meibomian glands evaluation (meiboscore, meibum expressibility, and lid margin abnormality scores), and tear film lipid layer thickness using an ocular surface interferometer...
September 8, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898915/-current-therapies-in-superficial-malignant-tumors
#7
Simone Luisa Scholz, Anja Eckstein, Dirk Dekowski, Joachim Esser, Henrike Westekemper, Klaus P Steuhl
This article is a review of diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities in common epibulbar malignant tumors, such as basal cell carcinoma, conjunctival lymphoma, squamous cell carcinoma and conjunctival melanoma. Most importantly, for every tumor patient there is a detailed anamnesis, split lamp examination and photo documentation. Further regular controls after therapy are required due to the risk of recurrences.Basal cell carcinoma is the most common tumor of the periocular skin, divided into three subtypes (nodular, superficial and morphea)...
September 12, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892915/myeloid-sarcoma-presenting-as-nasal-and-orbital-mass-an-initial-manifestation-of-an-acute-myeloid-leukaemia
#8
Amita Jain Gupta, Shramana Mandal, Richa Gupta, Nita Khurana, Achal Gulati
Myeloid sarcoma is an extramedullary manifestation of Acute Myeloid Leukaemia and sometimes is the only indicator of the disease. The incidence varies between 3-9.1% of acute leukaemia cases. The blast infiltration is seen most commonly in skin, lymph node, gastrointestinal tract, bone, soft tissue though can involve any body site usually as a solitary lesion and is rarely seen in nasal cavity. We present two cases of myeloid sarcoma presenting as a nasal mass in a six year old girl and other as orbital mass in 32-year-old as an initial manifestation of acute myeloid leukaemia...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880986/association-of-disease-location-and-treatment-with-survival-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-of-the-eye-and-ocular-adnexal-region
#9
Aseef H Ahmed, C Stephen Foster, Carol L Shields
Importance: Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the ocular region is rare, and the utility of surgery and radiation therapy remains unresolved. Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics and determine factors associated with overall survival in primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL) and ocular adnexal (OA)-uveal DLBCL. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective analysis included 396 patients with ophthalmic DLBCL from January 1, 1973, through December 31, 2014, using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870925/usefulness-of-flow-cytometry-in-diagnosis-of-igg4-related-ophthalmic-disease-and-extranodal-marginal-zone-b-cell-lymphoma-of-the-ocular-adnexa
#10
Satoru Kase, Kan Ishijima, Takehiko Uraki, Yuka Suimon, Yasuo Suzuki, Manabu Kase, Susumu Ishida
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although flow cytometry (FCM) is used to evaluate cell surface markers of various leucocyte populations quantitatively, little is known about the usefulness of FCM in lymphoproliferative disorders of the ocular adnexa. The aim of this study was to disclose results of FCM, which were compared among IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD), idiopathic orbital inflammation (IOI), and extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (EMZL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862259/lateral-canthotomy-orbitotomy-a-rapid-approach-to-the-orbit
#11
S Hamed-Azzam, D H Verity, G E Rose
PurposeThe lateral compartment of the orbit can readily be accessed through a horizontal lateral canthotomy without the need to swing the lid or remove bone. In this paper the technique, accessible orbital territory, and duration of surgery are presented.Patients and methodsRetrospective, non-interventional descriptive case series for patients who underwent a lateral canthotomy to access pathology within the lateral orbit.ResultsA series of 18 patients are included, all presenting with pathology lateral to, or within, the optic nerve...
September 1, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859023/isolated-third-cranial-nerve-palsy-leading-to-the-diagnosis-of-disseminated-burkitt-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Arens Taga, Marco Russo, Irene Florindo, Giovanni Pavesi
INTRODUCTION: Dysfunction of the third cranial nerve can result from lesions anywhere along its course between the midbrain and the orbit. Lymphoma is a rare cause of isolated oculomotor nerve palsy (OMP), with only 19 cases reported in the literature. We describe a case of an isolated OMP leading to the diagnosis of disseminated Burkitt lymphoma (BL). CASE REPORT: A 37-year-old man presented with acute onset diplopia and right ptosis and was found to have a right pupillary sparing OMP...
September 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855986/treatment-of-relapsed-extranodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-with-bortezomib-plus-fludarabine
#13
Chen Chen, Hongmin He
Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma (ENKL) is a rare entity, associated with an aggressive clinical behavior and poor prognosis. The optimal treatment strategies, particularly for relapsed patients, have not been clearly determined. A 40-year-old female ENKL patient with orbital involvement as the first presentation was initially suspected to have an orbital pseudotumor. When the patient developed disease progression following treatment with methylprednisolone, biopsy of the orbital mass was performed. Histopathological examination of the biopsy specimen was consistent with the diagnosis of ENKL (Ann Arbor stage IE)...
October 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845330/mantle-cell-lymphoma-presenting-with-acute-bilateral-ophthalmoplegia
#14
Yaran Koban, Hatice Özlece, Orhan Ayar, Mustafa Koç, Hüseyin Çelik, Zeliha Yazar, Ayşe Burcu
A 72-year-old woman presented with acute onset of double vision, bilateral complete blepharoptosis, and nearly complete ophthalmoplegia. Orbital and brain magnetic resonance imaging were normal. Further investigation revealed bicytopenia with hepatosplenomegaly. Liver biopsy revealed mantle cell lymphoma. Cytology later showed the presence of mantle cells in cerebrospinal fluid analysis. Her ophthalmoplegia improved from her first cycle of systemic and intrathecal chemotherapy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case in the literature of mantle cell lymphoma with central nervous system involvement presenting with ophthalmoplegia...
August 2017: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845014/-a-case-of-nasal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma
#15
Yi Zhan, Guangcheng Zhang, Jian Liu, Shuangyan Luo, Qianjin Lu, Rong Xiao, Guiying Zhang
A 29-year-old male patient with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, a nasal type lymphoma with involvement of skin as the first symptom, was reported. The patient presented with swelling in the left side of the nose and suffered intermittent fever for 1 month. The fester in the oral mucosa and skin under the left nostril and redness, and the swelling on the orbit of the left eye lasted for 1 week. Physical examination showed that the left side of nose was swelling, and the skin below the left nostril was anabrotic and crusted...
July 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838088/management-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-a-history-of-cancer-the-orbit-af-registry
#16
Chiara Melloni, Peter Shrader, Joseph Carver, Jonathan P Piccini, Laine Thomas, Gregg C Fonarow, Jack Ansell, Bernard Gersh, Alan S Go, Elaine Hylek, Irving M Herling, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Anthony F Yu, Eric D Peterson, Peter R Kowey
Aims: The presence of cancer can complicate treatment choices for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) increasing both the risk of thrombotic and bleeding events. Methods and results: Using data from Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation, we aimed to characterize AF patients with cancer, to describe their management and to assess the association between cancer and cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. Among 9749 patients, 23.8% had history of cancer (57% solid malignancy, 1...
July 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837797/ocular-adnexal-lymphoma-dissimilar-to-systemic-lymphoma
#17
Tal J Rubinstein, Hassan A Aziz, Claudine Bellerive, Bryan S Sires, Andrew W Hing, Gabriel Habermehl, Eric Hsi, Arun D Singh
Ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL) and intraocular lymphoma, whether occurring simultaneously or sequentially, are often similar to associated systemic lymphoma. We describe 4 cases of OAL or intraocular lymphoma with dissimilar systemic lymphoma. Two of the cases represent Richter transformation of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small cell lymphoma (CLL/SLL) into diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The third patient developed conjunctival extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (EMZL) following treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma...
August 21, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829660/the-impact-of-igg-4-rod-on-the-diagnosis-of-orbital-tumors-a-retrospective-analysis
#18
Aleza Andron, Avner Hostovsky, Akshay Gopinathan Nair, Oded Sagiv, Ginette Schiby, Guy Ben- Simon
This study was to determine the prevalence of immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related orbital disease (IgG4-ROD) among patients who have previously undergone biopsy and were diagnosed to have idiopathic orbital inflammatory disease (IOID) or orbital lymphoproliferative disease (OLD), namely, lymphoma and benign reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (BRLH). This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. The charts and slides of all patients who underwent biopsies and were histopathologically diagnosed to have either IOID or OLD were reviewed...
August 22, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829109/adult-orbital-and-adnexal-xanthogranulomatous-disease
#19
Michael J Davies, Kevin Whitehead, Gary Quagliotto, Dominic Wood, Rajan S Patheja, Timothy J Sullivan
PURPOSE: Adult xanthogranulomatous disease of the orbit and ocular adnexa is a rare disease that can cause serious morbidity and mortality. Ophthalmologists are commonly the first clinicians to come in contact with affected patients and an understanding of the clinical features is essential. DESIGN: We present a retrospective case series of patients seen in the oculoplastic unit of a large tertiary referral hospital over a 20-year period. METHODS: The clinical files of 7 patients with adult xanthogranulomatous disease of the orbit and ocular adnexa were reviewed...
September 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821195/atypical-igg4-plasmacytic-proliferations-and-lymphomas-characterization-of-11-cases
#20
Jacob R Bledsoe, Zachary S Wallace, Vikram Deshpande, Joshua R Richter, Jason Klapman, Andrew Cowan, John H Stone, Judith A Ferry
Objectives: To report the clinicopathologic features of monotypic immunoglobulin G4+ (IgG4+) lymphoid and plasmacytic proliferations. Methods: Cases were identified from the pathology files. Pathology and clinical materials were reviewed. Results: Eleven cases of monotypic IgG4+ proliferations were identified at nodal, orbital, or salivary sites. Six cases (three men, three women; age, 57-94 years) met criteria for lymphoma or plasma cell neoplasia...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
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