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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087577/umbrella-an-innovative-integrated-sexual-health-service-in-birmingham-uk
#1
Suzanne Jewell, Kate Campbell, Kulsum Jaffer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069090/effects-of-recombinant-human-growth-hormone-for-osteoporosis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Hayden F Atkinson, Rebecca F Moyer, Daniel Yacoub, Dexter Coughlin, Trevor B Birmingham
Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy of recombinant human growth hormone (GH) on bone mineral density (BMD) in persons age 50 and older, with normal pituitary function, with or at risk for developing osteoporosis. We systematically reviewed randomized clinical trials (RCTs), searching six databases, and conducted meta-analyses to examine GH effects on BMD of the lumbar spine and femoral neck. Data for fracture incidence, bone metabolism biomarkers, and adverse events were also extracted and analysed. Thirteen RCTs met the eligibility criteria...
January 10, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066793/characterizing-failure-to-establish-hepatitis-c-care-of-baby-boomers-diagnosed-in-the-emergency-department
#3
Ricardo A Franco, E Turner Overton, Ashutosh R Tamhane, Jordan M Forsythe, Joel B Rodgers, Julie K Schexnayder, Deanne Guthrie, Suneetha Thogaripally, Anne Zinski, Michael S Saag, Michael J Mugavero, Henry E Wang, James W Galbraith
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) are high-yield sites for hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening, but data regarding linkage to care (LTC) determinants are limited. METHODS: Between September 2013 and June 2014, 4371 baby boomers unaware of their HCV status presented to the University of Alabama at Birmingham ED and underwent opt-out screening. A linkage coordinator facilitated referrals for positive cases. Demographic data, International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes, and clinic visits were collected, and patients were (retrospectively) followed up until February 2015...
October 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065635/meals-enhancing-nutrition-after-discharge-findings-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled%C3%A2-trial
#4
David R Buys, Anthony D Campbell, Alice Godfryd, Kellie Flood, Elizabeth Kitchin, Meredith L Kilgore, Sally Allocca, Julie L Locher
BACKGROUND: After older adults experience episodes of poor health or are hospitalized, they may not return to premorbid or prehospitalization eating behaviors. Furthermore, poor nutrition increases hospital readmission risk, but evidence-based interventions addressing these risks are limited. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study's objective was to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled trial assessing a post-discharge home-delivered meal program's impact on older adults' nutritional intake and hospital readmissions and to assess patient acceptability and satisfaction with the program...
January 5, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036132/diagnostic-accuracy-of-salivary-and-serum-free-light-chain-assays-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#5
Pulukool Sandhya, Pamela Christudoss, Jayakanthan Kabeerdoss, Santosh K Mandal, Ramya Aithala, Gowri Mahasampath, Victoria Job, Debashish Danda
OBJECTIVE: To estimate levels of salivary and serum free light chains (FLCs) and explore its utility as a biomarker in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: Patients with pSS classified by American European Consensus group 2002 or American College of Rheumatology 2012 criteria between January 2015 and August 2015 were included. Healthy staff and non-first degree relatives of patients constituted controls. Serum and salivary FLCs were measured by immunoturbidometry using FREELITE(™) Human Kappa(κ) and Lambda(λ) Free Kit (Binding site, Birmingham, UK), on a Roche Modular P800...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032260/engaging-an-urban-african-american-community-to-deliver-cognitive-health-education-to-breast-cancer-survivors
#6
Jennifer Bail, Timiya S Nolan, Jacqueline B Vo, Silvia Gisiger-Camata, Karen Meneses
Little is known about cognitive changes among African American (AA) breast cancer survivors (BCS). Here, we report our experience with engagement of leaders of urban AA churches in Birmingham, Alabama to deliver and evaluate Think Well: Healthy Living to Improve Cognitive Function, an educational cognitive health program for BCS. The Think Well team engaged leaders of urban AA churches using a 7-step process: 1) identify leaders, 2) develop connection with leaders, 3) assess AA community preferences, 4) tailor for cultural relevance, 5) plan seminars, 6) deliver seminars, and 7) evaluate cultural relevance and overall program quality...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012056/pachymeningitis-in-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-case-series-with-earlier-onset-in-younger-patients-and-literature-review
#7
Violeta Higuera-Ortiz, Abraham Reynoso, Natllely Ruiz, Rosa Delia Delgado-Hernández, Gilberto Gómez-Garza, Luis Felipe Flores-Suárez
The objective of this study is to describe the characteristics of patients with pachymeningitis (PM) in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) from Latin America, including three young patients. This is a retrospective case series. Patients were classified according to the ACR criteria, the 2012 Chapel Hill Consensus Conference Nomenclature and the EMA algorithm. Demographic, clinical, serological, and neuroimaging characteristics are described. Thirteen patients (nine females, four males) were identified. Mean age ± SD of PM diagnosis was 35...
December 23, 2016: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012019/birmingham-epidermolysis-severity-score-and-vitamin-d-status-are-associated-with-low-bmd-in-children-with-epidermolysis-bullosa
#8
G Rodari, S Guez, F Manzoni, K K Chalouhi, E Profka, S Bergamaschi, S Salera, G Tadini, F M Ulivieri, A Spada, C Giavoli, S Esposito
: Bone status impairment represents a complication of generalized forms of epidermolysis bullosa (EB); however, the prevalence and the main determinants of this event in localized forms remain poorly defined. Birmingham epidermolysis bullosa severity (BEBS) score and 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels are strongly associated with low bone mass, suggesting that vitamin D may play a potential beneficial role in bone health. Further longitudinal studies are needed in order to confirm this hypothesis...
December 23, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004499/codeine-an-old-drug-with-new-precautions
#9
EDITORIAL
Patrick K Birmingham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002355/honest-labor-bears-a-lovely-face-will-late-life-unemployment-impact-health-and-satisfaction-in-retirement
#10
Maren Wright Voss, Wendy Church Birmingham, Lori Wadsworth, Wei Chen, Jerry Bounsanga, Yushan Gu, Man Hung
OBJECTIVE: Unemployment among older adults during recessionary cycles has been tied to early retirement decisions and negative health outcomes. This study explored episodes of unemployment experienced between age 50 and retirement as predictors of retirement age and health outcomes. METHODS: A total of 1540 participants from the U.S. Health and Retirement Study aged 50 years and older who transitioned from workforce to retirement were analyzed with descriptive statistics and multiple regression controlling for unemployment, demographics, and health status...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999526/cme-cne-article-a-framework-of-care-in-multiple-sclerosis-part-1-updated-disease-classification-and-disease-modifying-therapy-use-in-specific-circumstances
#11
Scott D Newsome, Philip J Aliotta, Jacquelyn Bainbridge, Susan E Bennett, Gary Cutter, Kaylan Fenton, Fred Lublin, Dorothy Northrop, David Rintell, Bryan D Walker, Megan Weigel, Kathleen Zackowski, David E Jones
: Activity Available Online: To access the article, post-test, and evaluation online, go to http://www.cmscscholar.org. TARGET AUDIENCE: The target audience for this activity is physicians, physician assistants, nursing professionals, and other health-care providers involved in the management of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Apply new information about MS to a comprehensive individualized treatment plan for patients with MSIntegrate the team approach into long-term planning in order to optimize rehabilitation care of patients with MSAccreditation Statement: This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of the Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers (CMSC), Nurse Practitioner Alternatives (NPA), and Delaware Media Group...
November 2016: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974371/patients-perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-prevention-of-hospital-acquired-thrombosis-a-qualitative-study
#12
Patricia N Apenteng, David Fitzmaurice, Ian Litchfield, Sian Harrison, Carl Heneghan, Alison Ward, Sheila Greenfield
OBJECTIVE: To examine patients' understanding of hospital-associated thrombosis, and their experiences of thromboprophylaxis. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with 31 patients requiring venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis following a recent hospital admission. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically using framework analysis. SETTING: 4 hospitals in Birmingham and Oxford...
December 13, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974346/nominal-isomers-incorrect-spellings-of-medicines-eluding-researchers-variants-in-the-spellings-of-drug-names-in-pubmed-a-database-review
#13
Robin E Ferner, Jeffrey K Aronson
OBJECTIVE:  To examine how misspellings of drug names could impede searches for published literature. DESIGN:  Database review. DATA SOURCE:  PubMed. REVIEW METHODS:  The study included 30 drug names that are commonly misspelt on prescription charts in hospitals in Birmingham, UK (test set), and 30 control names randomly chosen from a hospital formulary (control set). The following definitions were used: standard names-the international non-proprietary names, variant names-deviations in spelling from standard names that are not themselves standard names in English language nomenclature, and hidden reference variants-variant spellings that identified publications in textword (tw) searches of PubMed or other databases, and which were not identified by textword searches for the standard names...
December 14, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972241/insights-for-care-comparison-of-healthcare-utilisation-and-cost-impact-of-managing-diabetes-patients-with-hypoglycaemia-to-patients-with-heart-failure-or-stroke-using-real-world-evidence-data-from-an-urban-healthcare-system-in-birmingham-uk
#14
D Chapman, S Song, R Foxcroft, F Bidgoli, H Ronte, S Bellary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968867/development-of-the-theory-based-chinese-primary-school-children-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviour-changes-intervention-chirpy-dragon-development-of-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Bai Li, Wei Jia Liu, Kar Keung Cheng, Miranda Pallan, Kalar Hemming, Emma Frew, Rong Lin, Wei Liu, Peymane Adab
BACKGROUND: The rate of increase in prevalence of childhood obesity in mainland China exceeds the trends observed in other countries. Effective, culturally appropriate prevention interventions are urgently needed to control the epidemic. However, previous programmes lacked rigorous development and evaluation. Using the framework set out by the UK Medical Research Council (MRC), we developed a complex childhood obesity prevention intervention for Chinese primary school children. METHODS: Several different methodologies were employed and iteratively combined in the development process...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968843/differences-in-perceived-causes-of-childhood-obesity-between-migrant-and-local-communities-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#16
Bai Li, Rong Lin, Wei Liu, Jingyi Chen, Weijia Liu, Kar Keung Cheng, Miranda Pallan, Peymane Adab, Laura Jones
BACKGROUND: In China, obesity has traditionally affected the more affluent urban children, but the problem is spreading to a wider social group, including children who have migrated from rural to urban areas. Customised interventions are needed to prevent further growth in the prevalence of obesity among these migrant children. Exploring the perceptions of key stakeholders regarding the causes of childhood obesity can provide valuable insights, but no qualitative studies have addressed this issue...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965865/cultural-adaptation-of-a-children-s-weight-management-programme-for-bangladeshi-and-pakistani-families-in-the-uk-a-cluster-randomised-feasibility-study-protocol
#17
Miranda Pallan, Tania Griffin, Emma Lancashire, Kiya Hurley, Jacqueline Blissett, Emma Frew, Paramjit Gill, Laura Griffith, Karla Hemming, Kate Jolly, Eleanor McGee, Charlene Mulhern, Jayne Parry, Janice L Thompson, Peymane Adab
BACKGROUND: Group-based children's weight management programmes are widely available in the UK and evidence shows that these are effective in the short-term. No programmes have been specifically developed to meet the cultural requirements of UK minority ethnic communities. South Asian children are a high-risk group for obesity and its consequences; therefore, the study aim is to adapt an existing weight management programme for children aged 4-11 years and their families to ensure cultural relevance to Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities, and undertake a feasibility study of the adapted programme...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959713/prevention-of-bleeding-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-undergoing-pci
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
C Michael Gibson, Roxana Mehran, Christoph Bode, Jonathan Halperin, Freek W Verheugt, Peter Wildgoose, Mary Birmingham, Juliana Ianus, Paul Burton, Martin van Eickels, Serge Korjian, Yazan Daaboul, Gregory Y H Lip, Marc Cohen, Steen Husted, Eric D Peterson, Keith A Fox
Background In patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with placement of stents, standard anticoagulation with a vitamin K antagonist plus dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with a P2Y12 inhibitor and aspirin reduces the risk of thrombosis and stroke but increases the risk of bleeding. The effectiveness and safety of anticoagulation with rivaroxaban plus either one or two antiplatelet agents are uncertain. Methods We randomly assigned 2124 participants with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who had undergone PCI with stenting to receive, in a 1:1:1 ratio, low-dose rivaroxaban (15 mg once daily) plus a P2Y12 inhibitor for 12 months (group 1), very-low-dose rivaroxaban (2...
22, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940591/granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-according-to-geographic-origin-and-ethnicity-clinical-biological-presentation-and-outcome-in-a-french-population
#19
Benjamin Terrier, Agnès Dechartres, Christophe Deligny, Pascal Godmer, Pierre Charles, Gilles Hayem, Bertrand Dunogué, Michel de Bandt, Pascal Cohen, Xavier Puéchal, Claire Le Jeunne, Serge Arfi, Luc Mouthon, Loïc Guillevin
OBJECTIVES: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) mainly affects white Europeans, but rarely GPA may also affect non-Europeans. This study aimed to describe GPA clinical-biological presentation and outcome in black sub-Saharan Africans and Afro-Caribbeans and in North Africans. METHODS: Among 914 GPA patients included in the French Vasculitis Study Group database, geographic origin and ethnicity were known for 760. Clinical-biological presentations and outcomes of white Europeans vs black sub-Saharans and Afro-Caribbeans and vs North Africans were analysed...
December 10, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940395/the-effectiveness-of-gynaecology-teaching-associates-in-teaching-pelvic-examination-to-medical-students-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Aisha Janjua, P Smith, J Chu, N Raut, S Malick, I Gallos, R Singh, S Irani, J K Gupta, J Parle, T J Clark
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether teaching female pelvic examinations using gynaecological teaching associates (GTAs); women who are trained to give instruction and feedback on gynaecological examination technique, improves the competence, confidence and communication skills of medical students compared to conventional teaching. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Ten University of Birmingham (UoB) affiliated teaching hospitals in the UK...
November 10, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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