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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667559/improving-the-rhinomanometry-technique-using-benzoin-tincture
#1
F Arslan, Ü Yıldızoğlu, A Durmaz, S Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: In order to achieve a faster and more reliable anterior rhinomanometric evaluation, nasal skin was prepared using benzoin tincture solution, which provides simpler and better adhesion of the foam tape to the nasal skin. METHOD: Two consecutive anterior rhinomanometry measurements were made, one with and one without benzoin tincture application. RESULTS: The average time taken to perform classic foam tape anterior rhinomanometry without benzoin tincture application was 281...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644906/does-heating-up-saline-for-nasal-irrigation-improve-mucociliary-function-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#2
Suthanma Nimsakul, Saran Ruxrungtham, Supinda Chusakul, Jesada Kanjanaumporn, Songklot Aeumjaturapat, Kornkiat Snidvongs
Background Mucociliary function is affected by temperature. Exposure to cold air may impair ciliary beat frequency. While saline nasal irrigation improves in ciliary beat activity, there is no evidence supporting the use of heated saline irrigation in treating patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Objective To compare the effects of heated saline to room-temperature saline nasal irrigation on mucociliary clearance in chronic rhinosinusitis patients. Methods Adult patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were randomized into two groups receiving either heated saline or room-temperature saline nasal irrigation...
March 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575694/the-correlation-between-active-anterior-rhinomanometry-results-and-nasal-obstruction-symptoms-scores-after-inferior-turbinate-reduction-a-prospective-cohort-study-about-sixty-five-patients
#3
Céline Desvant, Joséphine Guislain, Claire Vandenhende-Szymanski, Geoffrey Mortuaire
Subjective relief of nasal obstruction is not correlated with resistance improvement. Rhinomanometric analysis by itself is insufficient to assess inferior turbinoplasty outcomes. Inferior turbinoplasty is a reliable approach to improve persistent nasal obstruction in chronic nasal dysfunction linked to inferior turbinate hypertrophy. Microdebrider-assisted turbinoplasty seems to be more effective in mucosal volume reduction than radiofrequency turbinoplasty. The change in subjective improvement in nasal airflow after 3 months of follow-up does not appear to be related to the surgical technique of inferior turbinate reduction...
March 24, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552871/ent-tests-for-assessing-the-allergic-patient
#4
C Cavaliere, D Rosati, D Messineo, S Masieri
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a disease that afflicts a large percentage of the world population. It concerns both allergists and otolaryngologists, therefore it is important for both specialists to be aware of the characteristics of a patient who suffers from AR. Often, patients complain of nasal breathing difficulty only, initially not reporting any other symptoms typical of AR. In this brief review, the most important investigations, physical examination, nasal endoscopy, nasal peak flow and rhinomanometry, are described...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513257/association-of-breathing-patterns-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-nasal-obstruction
#5
Adam Gałązka, Ewa Migacz, Andrzej Kukwa, Anna Czarnecka, Antoni Krzeski, Wojciech Kukwa
INTRODUCTION: In the general population, nasal obstruction is a common complaint. However, an objective evaluation of nasal obstruction is difficult. Nose examination, computed tomography (CT), acoustic rhinometry, and anterior rhinomanometry do not accurately reflect the discomfort reported by patients with nasal obstruction. In patients with nasal obstruction, this study evaluated nasal breathing with a unique device for continuous nasal-oral spirometry - a nasal-oral flow analyzer (NOFA); moreover, quality of life was compared between patients with normal nasal breathing on NOFA and of those with impaired nasal breathing on NOFA...
February 28, 2018: Otolaryngologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497453/gene-and-protein-expression-of-cxcr4-in-adult-and-elderly-patients-with-chronic-rhinitis-pharyngitis-or-sinusitis-undergoing-thermal-water-nasal-inhalations
#6
Monica Neri, Luigi Sansone, Luisa Pietrasanta, Aliaksei Kisialiou, Eloisa Cabano, Marina Martini, Matteo A Russo, Donatella Ugolini, Marco Tafani, Stefano Bonassi
Background: Chronic rhinitis, pharyngitis and sinusitis are common health problems with a significant impact on public health, and are suspected to be influenced by ageing factors. Nasal inhalation with thermal water may be used to reduce symptoms, inflammation and drug intake. A pre-post clinical study was conducted in 183 consecutive adult and elderly patients with chronic rhinitis, pharyngitis or sinusitis, to evaluate whether thermal water nasal inhalations could improve their symptoms, clinical signs and rhinomanometry measurements, and influence inflammatory biomarkers levels in nasal epithelial cells...
2018: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381259/nasal-valve-evaluation-in-the-mexican-hispanic-mestizo-nose
#7
Elizabeth Jasso-Ramírez, Fernando Sánchez Y Béjar, Fernando Arcaute Aizpuru, Irene E Maulen Radován, Héctor de la Garza Hesles
BACKGROUND: Our aim in this study was to determine the angle of the internal nasal valve in Mexican patients with the "mestizo nose" feature and without nasal obstructive symptoms. The work was prospective, comparative, and observational in nature and included patients >14 years of age who were seen in the Otolaryngology Department at the Los Angeles Lomas Hospital between April and May 2016. METHODS: The angle of the internal nasal valve was measured in 30 patients without obstructive symptoms...
January 30, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360426/rhinofibroscopic-and-rhinomanometric-evaluation-of-patients-with-maxillary-contraction-treated-with-rapid-maxillary-expansion-a-prospective-pilot-study
#8
Luca Di Vece, Tiziana Doldo, Giacomo Faleri, Maria Picciotti, Lorenzo Salerni, Alessandro Ugolini, Cecilia Goracci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate through nasal fiber optic endoscopy and rhinomanometry the patency of upper nasal airways in patients treated with rapid palatal expansion Study design: 30 patients (12 males and 18 females) aged 7-11 years with transverse maxillary constriction underwent rhinomanometric and fiberoptic examination before (T0) and after rapid palatal expansion (T1).The amount of nasopharynx obstruction was quantified with reference to the full choanal surface...
2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353289/the-new-agreement-of-the-international-riga-consensus-conference-on-nasal-airway-function-tests
#9
K Vogt, G Bachmann-Harildstad, A Lintermann, A Nechyporenko, F Peters, K D Wernecke
The report reflects an agreement based on the consensus conference of the International Standardization Committee on the Objective Assessment of the Nasal Airway in Riga, 2nd Nov. 2016. The aim of the conference was to address the existing nasal airway function tests and to take into account physical, mathematical and technical correctness as a base of international standardization as well as the requirements of the Council Directive 93/42/EEC of 14 June 1993 concerning medical devices. Rhinomanometry, acoustic rhinometry, peak nasal inspiratory flow, Odiosoft-Rhino, optical rhinometry, 24-h measurements, computational fluid dynamics, nasometry and the mirrow test were evaluated for important diagnostic criteria, which are the precision of the equipment including calibration and the software applied; validity with sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, reliability with intra-individual and inter-individual reproducibility and responsiveness in clinical studies...
January 21, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345622/position-paper-on-nasal-obstruction-evaluation-and-treatment
#10
REVIEW
A Valero, A M Navarro, A Del Cuvillo, I Alobid, J R Benito, C Colás, G de Los Santos, R Fernández Liesa, A García-Lliberós, R González-Pérez, A Izquierdo-Domínguez, A Jurado-Ramos, M M Lluch-Bernal, J R Montserrat Gili, J Mullol, A Puiggròs Casas, M C Sánchez-Hernández, F Vega, J M Villacampa, M Armengot-Carceller, M T Dordal
Nasal obstruction (NO) is defined as the subjective perception of discomfort or difficulty in the passage of air through the nostrils. It is a common reason for consultation in primary and specialized care, and it may affect up to 30-40% of the population. It affects the quality of life (it especially disturbs sleep) and lowers work efficiency. The aim of this document is to agree on how to treat NO, establish a methodology for evaluating and diagnosing it, and define an individualized approach to its treatment...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341484/nasal-ventilation-is-an-important-factor-in-evaluating-the-diagnostic-value-of-nasal-nitric-oxide-in-allergic-rhinitis
#11
Jing Hou, Hongfei Lou, Yang Wang, Fei He, Feifei Cao, Chengshuo Wang, Luo Zhang
BACKGROUND: The role of nasal nitric oxide (NO) in the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis (AR) is controversial. The aim of this study was to identify factors that may affect levels of nasal NO in AR patients and evaluate the role of nasal NO in the diagnosis of AR. METHODS: Seventy-five AR patients and 31 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. AR symptom scores were assessed using the visual analog scale. Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) was detected by enzyme-linked immunoassay, nasal NO was measured using a chemiluminescence analyzer, and nasal airway resistance (NAR) was assessed by active anterior rhinomanometry...
January 17, 2018: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202563/topical-hyaluronic-acid-in-rhinitis-medicamentosa-could-our-perspective-be-changed
#12
M Casale, P Vella, A Moffa, L Sabatino, V Rinaldi, V Grimaldi, F Salvinelli
This study was designed to prospectively evaluate the role of nebulized hyaluronic acid (HA) administered for 10 days as treatment for patients with rhinitis medicamentosa (RM). RM is a pathological condition of the nasal mucosa induced by prolonged, excessive or improper use of topical decongestants. It is characterized by persistent nasal congestion that can lead the patient to increase the frequency of application and the quantity of the substance being applied, resulting in dependence on topical nasal decongestants...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165311/should-nasal-function-be-considered-prior-to-tympanoplasty
#13
Metin Yüksel Akyıldız, Ömer Afşın Özmen, Uygar Levent Demir, Fikret Kasapoğlu, Hamdi Hakan Coşkun, Oğuz İbrahim Basut, Deniz Sığırlı
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between nasal airway function and Eustachian tube (ET) functions and their impact on tympanoplasty in patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group (CSOM group) consisted of 33 patients scheduled to undergo tympanoplasty for CSOM. Two control groups were formed: a nasal septal deviation (NSD) group of 25 patients scheduled to undergo nasal surgery for NSD, and a control group of 25 healthy individuals with no otologic or rhinologic symptoms...
November 21, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069383/effects-on-nasal-airflow-and-resistance-using-two-different-rme-appliances-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Farhan Bazargani, Anders Magnuson, Björn Ludwig
Objectives: To evaluate and compare the effects of tooth-borne (TB) and tooth-bone-borne (TBB) rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on nasal airflow and resistance. Material and methods: Fifty-four consecutive patients who met the eligibility criteria were recruited from September 2010 to December 2015. Of these 54 subjects, 40 agreed to participate in the part of the study involving evaluation of nasal flow and resistance. The 40 subjects were allocated to either the TB group, mean age 9...
October 21, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055966/comparison-between-unilateral-pnif-and-rhinomanometry-in-the-evaluation-of-nasal-cycle
#15
A L Pendolino, E Nardello, V J Lund, P Maculan, B Scarpa, A Martini, G Ottaviano
BACKGROUND: Human unilateral nasal airflow shows spontaneous changes over a period of hours due to the alternating congestion and decongestion of the venous sinuses within the nasal turbinates and nasal septum. The aim of the present study was to compare PNIF and unilateral PNIF with nasal resistances measured by means of AAR in the evaluation of the nasal cycle. METHODS: PNIF, unilateral PNIF and AAR measurements were randomly performed in 20 non-smokers, non-asthmatic volunteers, with a SNOT 22 score lower than 1...
October 22, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990834/eustachian-tube-evaluation-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#16
Giuseppe Magliulo, Marco de Vincentiis, Giannicola Iannella, Andrea Ciofalo, Alessandra Manno, Benedetta Pasquariello, Diletta Angeletti, Annalisa Pace, Giampiero Gulotta, Antonella Polimeni
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the presence of Eustachian Tube Dysfunction (ETD) in Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients. Correlate the ET function and the severity of the sleep apnea syndrome. Correlate nasal resistance and nasal mucociliary clearance with the onset of ETD in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients affected by OSA were enrolled in our clinical prospective study. Thirty patients were also investigated as a control group. All of the analyzed subjects underwent ENT examination, anterior rhinomanometry and test for mucociliary transport time...
February 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967532/outcomes-of-septorhinoplasty-a-new-approach-comparing-functional-and-aesthetic-results
#17
T Radulesco, M Penicaud, L Santini, J-M Thomassin, P Dessi, J Michel
The aim of this study was to compare objective and subjective functional results of septorhinoplasty with subjective aesthetic results. A prospective study was performed including global and subgroup analyses (primary versus secondary septorhinoplasty). Three instruments were used to evaluate pre- and postoperative results: rhinomanometry for the objective functional analysis, the Nasal Symptom Obstruction Evaluation (NOSE) scale for the subjective functional analysis, and the Rhinoplasty Outcome Evaluation (ROE) scale for the subjective aesthetic analysis...
February 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922249/impact-of-septoplasty-on-eustachian-tube-functions
#18
Metin Yüksel Akyildiz, Ömer Afşin Özmen, Uygar Levent Demir, Fikret Kasapoğlu, Hamdi Hakan Coşkun, Oğuz Ibrahim Basut, Deniz Siğirli
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of nasal septum deviation (NSD) and septoplasty on eustachian tube (ET) functions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was designed as a prospective controlled study and conducted in a tertiary referral center. A study group of 25 patients who were scheduled for septoplasty for NSD; and a control group of 25 healthy individuals having no ear or nose symptoms were formed. Tympanometric analysis of ET function, subjective and objective analysis of nasal functions with acoustic rhinometry and rhinomanometry were performed...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877858/effects-of-surgical-treatment-of-hypertrophic-turbinates-on-the-nasal-obstruction-and-the-quality-of-life
#19
Katharina Stölzel, Marie Bandelier, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Heidi Olze, Steffen Dommerich
PURPOSE: Chronic hyperplasia of the inferior nasal concha is accompanied by a nasal obstruction; however, there is no standardised surgical treatment for this condition. Here, we compared the outcome of three surgical techniques frequently used to treat the hyperplasia of inferior turbinates: turbinectomy with lateralization, submucosal electrocautery and laser cautery additional to septoplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and nine patients participated in this prospective randomized study upon signing written consent...
November 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859710/the-effect-of-closed-septorhinoplasty-on-nasal-functions-and-on-external-and-internal-nasal-valves-a-prospective-study
#20
Giancarlo Pecorari, Giuseppe Riva, Francesca Antonella Bianchi, Giovanni Cavallo, Francesca Revello, Marco Bironzo, Laura Verzè, Massimiliano Garzaro, Guglielmo Ramieri
BACKGROUND: Because nasal function and shape are so closely intertwined, quantitative assessments can better define their relationship and how they are affected by septorhinoplasty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to perform an analysis of the nasal airflow resistances and a three-dimensional (3D) evaluation of the soft-tissue changes after closed septorhinoplasty. METHODS: Before surgery (T0) and 6 months after closed septorhinoplasty (T1), 30 patients underwent symptoms evaluation by means of the Italian version of the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation scale, endoscopic fiberoptic nasal examination, and visual analog scale for subjective assessment of nasal obstruction...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
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