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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325563/can-objective-measurements-of-the-nasal-form-and-function-represent-the-clinical-picture-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#1
Roshan Peroz, Mats Holmström, Maria Mani
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate the potential correlations between objective measurements of nasal function and self-assessed nasal symptoms or clinical findings at nasal examination among adults treated for unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), respectively. METHODS: All UCLP patients born between 1960 and 1987 (n = 109) treated at a tertiary referring center were invited. Participation rate was 76% (n = 83) at a mean of 37 years after the initial surgery...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279671/functional-results-in-airflow-improvement-using-a-flip-flap-alar-technique-our-experience
#2
Arianna Di Stadio, Carlo Macro
INTRODUCTION: Pinched nasal point can be arising as congenital malformation or as results of unsuccessfully surgery. The nasal valve alteration due to this problem is not only an esthetic problem but also a functional one because can modify the nasal airflow. Several surgical techniques were proposed in literature, we proposed our. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is the evaluation of nose airway flow using our flip-flap technique for correction of pinched nasal tip...
February 21, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278356/computational-fluid-dynamics-and-trigeminal-sensory-examinations-of-empty-nose-syndrome-patients
#3
Chengyu Li, Alexander A Farag, James Leach, Bhakthi Deshpande, Adam Jacobowitz, Kanghyun Kim, Bradley A Otto, Kai Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The precise pathogenesis of empty nose syndrome (ENS) remains unclear. Various factors such as nasal aerodynamics and sensorineural dysfunction have been suspected, although evidence is limited. This study reported the first examination of both nasal aerodynamics and trigeminal sensory factors in actual ENS patients. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case control. METHODS: We enrolled six patients diagnosed with ENS. Three patients had pre- and post-inferior turbinate (IT) reduction computed tomography scans, which allowed comparison of their nasal aerodynamics changes through computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation...
March 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278341/association-of-oral-antireflux-medication-with-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-and-nasal-resistance
#4
Elif Dagli, Alper Yüksel, Mesut Kaya, Kadriye Serife Ugur, Fatma Cansel Turkay
Importance: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is thought to be a potential exacerbating factor in upper airway diseases. Objective: To describe the effect of pharmacologic therapy of laryngopharyngeal reflux on nasal resistance. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective observational study performed between August 30, 2014, and October 1, 2015, at a tertiary care academic center including 50 patients with Reflux Symptom Index higher than 13 and Reflux Finding Score higher than 7 and 50 controls with no history of LPR and nasal disease...
March 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238743/clinical-validation-of-a-house-dust-mite-environmental-challenge-chamber-model
#5
P Zieglmayer, P Lemell, K W Chen, R Schmutz, R Zieglmayer, O Pfaar, F Horak, S Vrtala
Mite allergy causes significant socioeconomic burden. Environmental allergen exposure can be difficult to assess, and topical challenge offers limited value. In our investigation we evaluated a challenge chamber system in terms of correlation between mite allergen concentration and rhinitis symptoms, retest reproducibility as well as inter chamber variability. Data was obtained from adult mite allergic subjects from 4 different studies. Total nasal symptom score (TNSS) data was analysed for dose finding. TNSS and active anterior rhinomanometry (RMM) data was analyzed for retest reproducibility and inter chamber variability...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231372/radiofrequency-turbinate-volume-reduction-vs-radiofrequency-assisted-turbinectomy-for-nasal-obstruction-caused-by-inferior-turbinate-hypertrophy
#6
Saumitra Kumar, Trivender Singh Anand, Indranil Pal
Radiofrequency procedures are a well-accepted treatment for nasal obstruction. We conducted a randomized, noncontrolled study to compare the effectiveness of submucosal bipolar radiofrequency turbinate volume reduction (RFTVR) and bipolar radiofrequency-assisted turbinectomy (RFaT) in patients presenting with nasal obstruction caused by inferior turbinate hypertrophy. A total of 30 patients-15 males and 15 females, aged 15 to 60 years (mean: 32)-were randomly divided into one of the two homogeneous treatment groups...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224626/intranasal-trigeminal-function-in-patients-with-empty-nose-syndrome
#7
Iordanis Konstantinidis, Evangelia Tsakiropoulou, Angelos Chatziavramidis, Christos Ikonomidis, Konstantinos Markou
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Trigeminal nerve mediates the perception of nasal airflow. This study examines whether impaired intranasal trigeminal function is a part of the paradoxical nasal obstruction sensation in patients with empty nose syndrome (ENS). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-control study in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: Three groups were examined: 1) ENS patients with previous bilateral near total inferior turbinectomy, 2) patients who underwent near total inferior turbinate removal (ITR) without ENS symptoms, and 3) control participants...
February 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204865/prediction-of-human-sensory-irritation-due-to-ethyl-acrylate-the-appropriateness-of-time-weighted-average-concentration%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-time-models-for-varying-concentrations
#8
Stefan Kleinbeck, Michael Schäper, Anna Zimmermann, Meinolf Blaszkewicz, Thomas Brüning, Christoph van Thriel
Human data about the potency of ethyl acrylate to evoke sensory irritation is currently not available. Therefore, we conducted an experimental exposure study and the magnitude of chemosensory effects in healthy human volunteers was mathematically modeled by combining the factors current concentration (c) and duration/time (t). In a repeated-measures design, 19 subjects were exposed for 4 h to constant and varying concentrations (including peaks of 5 and 10 ppm) of ethyl acrylate with either a 2.5 or 5 ppm time-weighted average (TWA) concentration...
February 15, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177332/a-comparative-study-on-oxidative-stress-role-in-nasal-breathing-impairment-and-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome
#9
D Passali, G Corallo, A Petti, M Longini, F M Passali, G Buonocore, L M Bellussi
Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a sleep disorder that leads to metabolic abnormalities and increased cardiovascular risk. This study aimed to define the expression and clinical significance of biomarkers involved in oxidative stress in patients with OSAS. A prospective study was designed to compare outcomes of oxidative stress laboratory tests in three groups of subjects. The study involved the recruitment of three groups of subjects, 10 patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome with AHI > 30; 10 patients suffering from snoring at night with AHI < 15; 10 patients with nasal respiratory impairment with AHI < 5...
December 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060383/clinimetric-properties-of-the-glasgow-health-status-inventory-glasgow-benefit-inventory-peak-nasal-inspiratory-flow-and-4-phase-rhinomanometry-in-adults-with-nasal-obstruction
#10
M M H T van Egmond, N van Heerbeek, E L M Ter Haar, M M Rovers
BACKGROUND: The validity of many measurement instruments frequently used in rhinology is unknown. This study describes clinimetric properties of well-known subjective and objective outcomes, i.e., the Glasgow Health Status Inventory, Glasgow Benefit Inventory, Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow, and 4-Phase Rhinomanometry, in adults with nasal obstruction. METHODOLOGY: Construct validity and responsiveness were determined in 111 patients. Inter-rater and intra-rater reliability were analysed in 30 patients...
January 6, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029166/influence-of-cooling-face-masks-on-nasal-air-conditioning-and-nasal-geometry
#11
J Lindemann, T Hoffmann, A Koehl, E M Walz, F Sommer
INTRODUCTION: Nasal geometries and temperature of the nasal mucosa are the primary factors affecting nasal air conditioning. Data on intranasal air conditioning after provoking the trigeminal nerve with a cold stimulus simulating the effects of an arctic condition is still missing. The objective was to investigate the influence of skin cooling face masks on nasal air conditioning, mucosal temperature and nasal geometry. METHODS: Standardized in vivo measurements of intranasal air temperature, humidity and mucosal temperature were performed in 55 healthy subjects at defined detection sites before and after wearing a cooling face mask...
December 28, 2016: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017262/correlation-between-acoustic-rhinometry-computed-rhinomanometry-and-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-mouth-breathers-with-transverse-maxillary-deficiency
#12
Raquel Harumi Uejima Satto Sakai, Fernando Augusto Lima Marson, Emerson Taro Inoue Sakuma, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Eulália Sakano
INTRODUCTION: To provide clinical information and diagnosis in mouth breathers with transverse maxillary deficiency with posterior crossbite. Numerous exams can be performed; however, the correlation among these exams remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between acoustic rhinometry, computed rhinomanometry, and cone-beam computed tomography in mouth breathers with transverse maxillary deficiency. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 30 mouth breathers with transverse maxillary deficiency (7-13 y...
November 25, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004533/new-olfactometric-findings-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
G C Passali, F Bove, L Vargiu, A R Bentivoglio, R Anzivino, E De Corso, J Galli, M Rigante, M Pandolfini, B Sergi, M Giuliani, F Cianfrone, G Paludetti, A Fasano
OBJECTIVES: To investigate in Parkinson's disease-affected patients a correlation between hyposmia and gastrointestinal dysfunction and their possible identical etiopathogenesis. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: ENT and neurology departments (Gemelli Hospital, Rome, Italy). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 78 patients with diagnosis of PD according to the UK Brain Bank criteria. INCLUSION CRITERIA: informed consent and olfactory testing executed; exclusion criteria: signs of dementia according to the DSM-IV criteria; Mini Mental State Examination score ≤26; head trauma; central neurological disorders, nasal or systemic diseases potentially affecting olfactory function...
December 22, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994291/the-discrepancy-between-subjective-and-objective-findings-after-septoplasty
#14
Sekib Umihanic, Fuad Brkic, Munevera Osmic, Sefika Umihanic, Suad Imamovic, Samir Kamenjakovic, Samir Hodzic
INTRODUCTION: Surgical and medical treatments of nasal obstruction are a common parts of otolaryngologist practice. The definitive treatment of deviated nasal septum is septoplasty. AIM: In this study was to evaluate the values of subjective parameters, and active anterior rhinomanometry parameters prior and three months after the septoplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the subjective parameters ("NOSE" scale), the active anterior rhinomanometry parameters according to International Committee on Standardization of Rhinomanometry, on 40 patients...
October 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978879/-subjective-and-objective-evaluation-and-correlation-analysis-of-pre-and-post-operation-in-patients-with-structural-nasal-obstruction
#15
X P Yuan, Q R Guo, C L Geng, Y Liu, M Wang, Z M Xing
Objective: To analyze the subjective and objective results and the correlation of nasal obstruction because of nasal structural variation pre and post operation, and to provide clinical evidence for surgery and curative effect. Methods: Three groups were included in this study: group 1 were 78 patients with structural rhinitis, group 2 were 72 patients with chronic sinusitis (without nasal polyp) and group 3 were healthy controls of 75 cases. Assessment of nasal obstruction was achieved by visual analog scale (VAS), and objective measurement was achieved by rhinomanometry and acoustic rhinometry...
December 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941548/nasal-septal-chain-suture-a-new-suturing-technique
#16
Abdullah Durmaz
As a new technique for suturing the nasal septum, the nasal septal chain suture has been described in this study, and compared with nasal packing and the quilting suture technique in terms of patient comfort after septoplasty. A total of 75 patients were evaluated in 3 groups: Merocel nasal packing group, absorbable quilting suture group, and nonabsorbable nasal septal chain suture group. The symptoms of these patients were evaluated using the nasal obstruction symptom evaluation (NOSE) scale and rhinomanometry measurements...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918749/correlation-of-nasal-mucosal-temperature-with-subjective-nasal-patency-in-healthy-individuals
#17
Ryan S Bailey, Kevin P Casey, Sachin S Pawar, Guilherme J M Garcia
Importance: Historically, otolaryngologists have focused on nasal resistance to airflow and minimum airspace cross-sectional area as objective measures of nasal obstruction using methods such as rhinomanometry and acoustic rhinometry. However, subjective sensation of nasal patency may be more associated with activation of cold receptors by inspired air than with respiratory effort. Objective: To investigate whether subjective nasal patency correlates with nasal mucosal temperature in healthy individuals...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893197/importance-to-question-sinonasal-symptoms-and-to-perform-rhinoscopy-and-rhinomanometry-in-cystic-fibrosis-patients
#18
J M Bock, M Schien, C Fischer, L Naehrlich, M Kaeding, O Guntinas-Lichius, A Gerber, C Arnold, J G Mainz
OBJECTIVES: Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients almost regularly reveal sinonasal pathology. The purpose of this study was to assess association between objective and subjective measurements of sinonasal involvement comparing nasal airflow obtained by active anterior rhinomanometry (AAR), nasal endoscopic findings, and symptoms assessed with the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-20 (SNOT-20). METHODS: Nasal cavities were explored by anterior rigid rhinoscopy and findings were compared to inspiratory nasal airflow measured by AAR to quantify nasal patency and subjective health-related quality of life in sinonasal disease obtained with the SNOT-20 questionnaire...
November 28, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870310/paradoxical-increase-in-nasal-airway-resistance-after-topical-nasal-decongestion-does-it-really-exist-a-retro-and-prospective-study
#19
S Swoboda, H L Thulesius, M Jessen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence and reproducibility of paradoxically increased nasal airway resistance after decongestion of the nasal mucosa as well as to identify patient-related factors associated with it. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of all rhinomanometric measurements carried out at one ENT department in Sweden in the time between 1990 and 2010. In the baseline material, 207 of 4435 patients (4.7%) showed a paradoxically increased nasal airway resistance >20%...
December 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803882/pale-nasal-mucosa-affects-airflow-limitations-in-upper-and-lower-airways-in-asthmatic-children
#20
Chikako Motomura, Hiroshi Odajima, Atsunobu Yamada, Naohiko Taba, Yoko Murakami, Sankei Nishima
BACKGROUND: Severe asthmatics are thought to have severer rhinitis than mild asthmatics. A pale nasal mucosa is a typical clinical finding in subjects with severe allergic rhinitis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether a pale nasal mucosa affects airflow limitations in the upper and lower airways in asthmatic children. METHODS: Rhinomanometry, nasal scraping, and spirometry were performed in 54 asthmatic children (median age, 10 years)...
October 2016: Asia Pacific Allergy
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