Read by QxMD icon Read


V Luzzi, G Di Carlo, M Saccucci, G Ierardo, E Guglielmo, M Fabbrizi, A M Zicari, M Duse, F Occasi, G Conti, E Leonardi, A Polimeni
OBJECTIVE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is among the most common diseases and includes a group of pathological conditions that form a severity continuum from primary snoring (PS) to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). SDB presents a multifactorial etiology and in children, it is often linked to adenotonsillar hypertrophy, which may lead to an alteration of the breathing pattern. Therefore, several studies hinted at the existence of a correlation between SDB and the alteration of craniofacial growth...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Francesco Mozzanica, Roberto Gera, Chiara Bulgheroni, Federico Ambrogi, Antonio Schindler, Francesco Ottaviani
INTRODUCTION: This study was performed to evaluate the correlation between the objective and subjective sensation of nasal patency, assessed through a validated questionnaire, the Italian version of the NOSE scale, and the rhinomanometric results in a large cohort of patients complaining about nasal obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was obtained from a total of 233 adult patients, (123 males, 110 females, with a mean age of 43.7 years) with a diagnosis of septal deviation and complaining about nasal obstruction...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Annabelle M Watts, Nicholas P West, Peter K Smith, Allan W Cripps, Amanda J Cox
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic upper respiratory disease affecting 10-30% of the population worldwide. It associated with significant economic and medical burden. Probiotics have received attention in recent years as a novel strategy to treat infectious/immune conditions, including AR. However, substantiation of these health claims by regulatory bodies has been rejected due, in part, to inadequate clinical trial design. While randomized controlled trials are considered the gold standard for assessing clinical efficacy, such trials require a priori preclinical data on effect size, which may be a reason for the conflicting results in the probiotic and AR literature...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Desiderio Passali, Giacomo Gabelli, Giulio Cesare Passali, Roberto Magnato, Stefan Platzgummer, Lorenzo Salerni, Salvatore Lo Cunsolo, Alexandra Joos, Luisa Maria Bellussi
Allergic rhinitis is a common nasal disorder with a high impact on quality of life, high social costs in therapies, and a natural development towards asthma. Pharmacological therapy is based on several genres of medications, of which intranasal corticosteroids are currently the most widespread. Thermal water treatment has traditionally been used as adjunctive treatment for chronic rhinitis and sinusitis. The present study was carried out to assess the clinical efficacy of nasal inhalation of radioactive oligomineral water vapours from the Merano hot spring and to compare it with the clinical efficacy of mometasone furoate nasal spray...
2016: International Journal of Otolaryngology
Nirupama S Wijesuriya, Chaminda Lewis, Jane E Butler, Bonsan B Lee, Amy S Jordan, David J Berlowitz, Danny J Eckert
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is highly prevalent in people with tetraplegia. Nasal congestion, a risk factor for OSA, is common in people with tetraplegia. The purpose of this study was to quantify objective and perceived nasal resistance and its stability over four separate days in people with tetraplegia and OSA (n=8) compared to able-bodied controls (n=6). Awake nasal resistance was quantified using gold standard choanal pressure recordings (days 1 and 4) and anterior rhinomanometry (all visits). Nasal resistance (choanal pressure) was higher in people with tetraplegia versus controls (5...
October 3, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
W T Li, X Z Chen, W J Tu, Z Z Huang, L H Chang, J Wang, G H Zhang
Objective: To investigate the psychopathological characteristics in patients with deviation of nasal septum. Methods: Between May 2015 and December 2015, fourty-four patients with deviated nasal septum and 37 patients with vocal cord polyp as control were included in this study. Psychological characteristics were evaluated by a series of questionnaire instruments including symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90), self-rating depression scale (SDS) and self-rating anxiety scale (SAS). Visual analogue scale (VAS) and rhinomanometry through front nostril were used to evaluate nasal symptom...
September 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Edyta Krzych-Fałta, Konrad Furmanczyk, Bolesław Samolinski, Barbara Piekarska, Piotr Samel-Kowalik, Agnieszka Lipiec, Filip Raciborski, Adam Sybilski
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the reference values for nasal inspiratory flow in the study population in Poland as part of the project on Epidemiology of Allergic Diseases in Poland (ECAP). MATERIALS AND METHOD: The study subjects were a group of 4,137 people: 1,136 children aged 6-7 years (561 girls and 575 boys), 1,123 adolescents aged 13-14 years (546 girls, 577 boys) and 1,878 adults (1,145 women, 733 men), residing in seven large Polish cities...
September 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Johannes A Veit, Melanie Nordmann, Britta Dietz, Fabian Sommer, Jörg Lindemann, Nicole Rotter, Jens Greve, Achim von Bomhard, Thomas K Hoffmann, Ricarda Riepl, Marc O Scheithauer
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Septal deviation and hypertrophic inferior turbinates are a frequent cause of nasal breathing disorders. The goal of this study was to prove the effectiveness and safety of three current turbinoplasty techniques. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective, three-arm, single-blinded, single-center, randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomly assigned to either anterior turbinoplasty (ATP) (n = 20), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) (n = 19; Celon Pro Breath), or novel submucous radial diode laser ablation (DLA) (n = 21; ELVeS Radial PainLess, wavelength = 1,470 nm), each in combination with standard septoplasty...
September 16, 2016: Laryngoscope
Markus Stenner, Mario Koopmann, Claudia Rudack
Although septorhinoplasty is the most commonly performed operation in plastic surgery, and the surgical plan as well as its outcome is directly related to the configuration of the anatomical structures in the nose, these are not routinely assessed preoperatively. The aim of our study was to evaluate the nasal soft tissue and cartilaginous structures by means of high-resolution ultrasonography to set up clinical correlations and standard values. We examined 44 patients before septorhinoplasty by high-resolution ultrasonography in noncontact mode...
September 15, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Seyed Esmail Hassanpour, Ataollah Heidari, Seyed Mehdi Moosavizadeh, Mohammad Reza Tarahomi, Ali Goljanian, Sanaz Tavakoli
BACKGROUND: Although the assignment and suturing of the spreader graft to the septum is a routine part of rhinoplasty, it is a time wasting procedure and some problems may occur. Rather, autospreader flap is a new method that the dorsal part of the upper lateral cartilage is used as its own graft. In the present study, we intended to compare the functional and aesthetic outcomes of these two techniques of rhinoplasty. METHODS: In a clinical trial, patients who referred to 15 Khordad Hospital for elective rhinoplasty during 2013-2014 were enrolled...
May 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
Peter Valentin Tomazic, Claus Gerstenberger, Bettina Rant, Ulrike Nemetz, Christiana Brezjak-Kahlert, Axel Wolf, Kurt Freudenschuss, Gerald Wolf
Inferior turbinate hypertrophy is a common cause of nasal obstruction. We conducted a prospective study to correlate subjective and objective parameters in assessing the effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Our initial study population was made up of 10 patients who presented with nasal obstruction; 1 patient was lost to follow-up, leaving us with 7 women and 2 men, aged 26 to 65 years (mean: 37.9 ± 12.8), and 16 turbinates (7 bilateral, 1 right, and 1 left). Visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, Nasal Obstruction and Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) questionnaire scores, rhinomanometry results, and CT- and MRI-based volumetry were obtained before RFA and 6 months afterward...
August 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Maryam Jalessi, Mohammad Farhadi, Alimohamad Asghari, Maryam Hosseini, Elahe Amini, Seyyed Behzad Pousti
BACKGROUND: Nose is used as a corridor in endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EETSA) for pituitary adenoma. Thus, it may affect the nasal airway patency, function and sinonasal-related quality of life. The aim of this study is to objectively and subjectively evaluate these effects. METHODS: In this prospective study, 43 patients with pituitary adenoma who were candidates for EETSA from March 2012 to October 2013 were enrolled. The patients were evaluated preoperatively using acoustic rhinometry and rhinomanometry (with/without the use of decongestant drops) and asked to complete the 22-Item Sinonasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) questionnaire...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Handan Duman, Ilknur Bostanci, Serap Ozmen, Mahmut Dogru
BACKGROUND: It is important to understand that allergic rhinitis, whether seasonal or perennial, may be difficult to distinguish clinically from the nonallergic forms of rhinitis. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the presence of local allergic rhinitis (LAR) in children who have allergic rhinitis symptoms in the absence of skin test positivity and specific IgE by performing a nasal provocation test (NPT). METHODS: Our study followed a case-controlled, prospective design...
2016: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Lino Di Rienzo Businco, Antonella Mattei, Salvatore Laurino, Anna Maria Angelone, Maria Lauriello, Domenico Crescenzi, Di Mario Alessia, Marco Radici, Andrea Di Rienzo Businco
BACKGROUND: Allergic and chronic rhinosinusitis is a disabling pathological condition with an 8% prevalence in the European population and 5% in the Italian one. The ethmoidal sinus is the first one involved in the inflammation. The typical surgical procedure to manage ethmoidal sinusitis is an endoscopic antero-posterior ethmoidectomy. Recently introduced on the European market balloon called Relieva Stratus MicroFlow Spacer can be inserted within the ethmoid, with a local slow release of a steroid drug...
April 30, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
Anke Schlüter, Yahya Ahmadipour, Trutz Vogelsang, Ilonka Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Bernadette Kleist, Patrick Weller, Laura Holtmann, Stefan Mattheis, Stephan Lang, Christoph Bergmann, Oliver Mueller
The endoscopic transnasal route for the surgical removal of tumors in the sellar region is frequently associated with nasal complications such as synechiae or impaired nasal breathing. In this study, we investigated the impact of septal splints on avoiding surgery-related co-morbidities. 49 patients in whom endoscopic transnasal, transsphenoidal surgery for sellar tumors was performed between 2012 and 2014 were studied. In 30 of these, nasal septal splints were applied at the end of surgery to both sides of the septum and left in situ for 10 days (group 1), 19 patients received no splints (group 2)...
June 30, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Zheng Zhu, Yanqing Xie, Weijie Guan, Y I Gao, Shu Xia, Jianxin Liang, Jinping Zheng
Cysteinyl leukotrienes (LT) play a vital role in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis (AR), but few studies have investigated the nasal mucosal physiological response to LTs in AR patients. The aim of the present study was to establish the methodology and investigate the diagnostic value and safety of a leukotriene D4 (LTD4) nasal provocation test. LTD4 nasal provocation tests were performed in 26 AR patients and 16 normal control subjects. Nasal airway responsiveness was assessed by calculating the concentration of LTD4 required to cause a 60% increase in nasal airway resistance (PC60NAR-LTD4), which was measured using rhinomanometry and a composite symptom score...
July 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Kazım Tekin, Medine Kara, Oğuz Güçlü, Halil Erdoğan, Fevzi Sefa Dereköy
OBJECTIVE: Chronic otitis media (COM) is a disorder characterized by perforation of the eardrum and hearing loss following chronic inflammation of the middle ear cavity, ossicules, and mastoid cells. Eustachian dysfunction plays an important role in COM etiopathogenesis and postoperative prognosis. The determinants of postoperative prognosis are still being researched. This study aimed to research the prognostic value of acoustic rhinometry (ARM) and rhinomanometry (RMM) in COM surgery in terms of eradication of the infection after operation, graft success, and hearing gain in operated cases...
April 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Farah Dayana Zahedi, Salina Husain, Balwant Singh Gendeh
A prospective single blinded interventional study was held in Otorhinolaryngology Clinic, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre in August 2010 until November 2012 to evaluate the functional outcome of septorhinoplasty objectively and subjectively. Objective assessment was done using rhinomanometry and subjective assessment using Nasal Obstruction Symptoms Evaluation (NOSE) scale and Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaires (HRQOL) in Rhino Surgery. All measurements were taken preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
G F Wandalsen, A I Mendes, F Matsumoto, D Solé
OBJECTIVES: To standardize acoustic rhinometry (AR) in nasal provocation tests (NPTs) with histamine in children and adolescents. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional validation to compare AR with anterior active rhinomanometry (AAR) during histamine NPT in 20 children and adolescents with persistent allergic rhinitis and 20 controls. Changes in total nasal resistance (AAR) were compared with changes in nasal volume in the first 5 cm (V5). RESULTS: Compared with controls, patients with rhinitis had significantly higher mean total nasal resistance (0...
2016: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Ramzi Maalouf, Emilie Bequignon, Marie Devars du Mayne, Françoise Zerah-Lancner, Daniel Isabey, Andre Coste, Bruno Louis, Jean-François Papon
Nasal valve collapse is a dynamic abnormality that is currently diagnosed purely on the basis of clinical features and thus subject to certain interpretation. The aim of this study was to develop a new and reliable functional test to objectively characterize nasal valve collapse. This was an observational prospective study including consecutive patients referred to our center for exploration of chronic nasal congestion. The patients were classified into two groups according to their symptoms and clinical abnormalities: the nasal valve collapse (NV+) group when nasal valve collapse was clinically detected during moderate forced inspiration and/or when the feeling of nasal congestion improved during passive nasal lateral cartilage abduction (n = 32); and the no-nasal valve collapse (NV-) group for the others (n = 23)...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"