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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512017/a-case-of-autoimmune-severe-acquired-von-willebrand-syndrome-type-3-like
#1
Chakri Gavva, Prapti Patel, Yu-Min Shen, Eugene Frenkel, Ravi Sarode
Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is the most common congenital bleeding disorder and is due to quantitative or qualitative defects of von Willebrand factor (VWF). Acquired defects of VWF, termed acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS), are due to a host of different mechanisms. Autoantibody-mediated AVWS may be associated with lymphoproliferative or immunological disorders, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). A large majority of AVWS cases are type 1 or type 2A-like and patients tend to have a mild to moderate bleeding tendency...
April 27, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511156/the-role-of-the-persistent-enterovirus-infection-in-development-of-acute-stroke
#2
Natalia G Andriushkova, Nataliia S Turchyna, Vadym A Poniatowski, Ludmyla V Dolinchuk, Valentyna V Melnyk, Volodymyr P Shyrobokov, Nataliia V Zakharchenko
INTRODUCTION: The role of enteroviruses in development of dilated cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction, myocarditis, pericarditis is known. THE AIM: To examine the role of chronic enterovirus infections in development of acute stroke. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Blood samples from 72 patients with acute stroke (study group) and 35 patients without vascular disease (control group) were investigated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction for the presence of enterovirus RNA, by using virological method to detect enteroviruses, by ELISA for the levels of IgM and IgG antibodies to enteroviruses...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506576/-clinical-characteristics-and-follow-up-of-patients-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-confirmed-myopericarditis-a-retrospective-study
#3
Q de Hemptinne, F Picard, V Spagnoli, M Renard
INTRODUCTION: Pericarditis are frequently associated with some degree of concomitant myocardial involvement. Predominant pericarditis with limited myocardial involvement are named myopericarditis. Data regarding myopericarditis are scarce. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients admitted between 2002 and 2011 with magnetic resonance imaging confirmed myopericarditis. RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients were included. Eighty-one percent were men, with median age of 32 years...
May 12, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496510/constrictive-pericarditis-and-primary-amenorrhea-with-syndactyly-in-an-iranian-female-mulibrey-nanism-syndrome
#4
Tahereh Davarpasand, Maryam Sotoudeh Anvari, Mohammad Naderan, Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Hossein Ahmadi
Mulibrey nanism is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome caused by a mutation in the TRIM37 gene with severe growth retardation and multiple organ involvement. Early diagnosis is important because 50% of the patients develop congestive heart failure owing to constrictive pericarditis, and this condition plays a critical role in the final prognosis. A 37-year-old female patient presented with symptoms of dyspnea on exertion and shortness of breath. She had severe growth failure and craniofacial dysmorphic feature...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495543/trans-pericardal-color-doppler-ultra-sound-cdus-to-asses-blood-flow-in-the-visceral-branches-during-type-a-dissection-procedures-complicated-with-mesenteric-malperfusion
#5
Luigi Muzzi, Giulio Tommasino, Giulia Guaccio, Enrico Tucci, Franco Roviello, Eugenio Neri
Aortic dissection is a complex disease associated with high mortality and morbidity. Among the different possible clinical presentations, type A aortic dissection complicated at the onset by mesenteric malperfusion is characterized by poor outcome compared to patients not presenting such complication. We report the case of a patient with acute type A aortic dissection presenting with mesenteric malperfusion, in whom trans-pericardial color doppler ultra sound (CDUS) examination was used to assess intra and post-operative blood flow in the mesenteric artery...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491729/late-presentation-of-constrictive-pericarditis-after-limited-epicardial-ablation-for-inappropriate-sinus-tachycardia
#6
Adam Oesterle, Amita Singh, Husam Balkhy, Aliya N Husain, Deborah Moyer, Roderick Tung, Hemal M Nayak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: HeartRhythm Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486324/case-report-and-review-of-management-of-penetrating-trauma-and-cardiac-pericarditis
#7
Elizabeth Thomas, Pamela Golden, Vicki Moran
Acute pericarditis is the most common form of pericardial disease worldwide and it has many potential etiologies. This case study examines a patient admitted for multiple gunshot wounds who developed acute pericarditis postpericardial drain removal. The initial penetrating abdominal trauma, along with facial injuries and a suspected myocardial infarction, led to confusion in which the initial etiology of pericarditis was missed, creating a delay in overall patient care and extended length of stay.
May 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484098/fibrinous-pericarditis-secondary-to-bacterial-infection-in-a-cat
#8
Michihito Tagawa, Chihiro Kurashima, Genya Shimbo, Hiroshi Omura, Kenji Koyama, Noriyuki Horiuchi, Yoshiyasu Kobayashi, Keiko Kawamoto, Kazuro Miyahara
A three-year-old spayed domestic short-haired cat presented for evaluation of weight loss, cardiomegaly and pleural effusion. Echocardiographic examination demonstrated a thickened pericardium with mild pericardial effusion and a large volume of pleural effusion characterized by exudate. Although the cat was treated with antibiotics, the clinical symptoms did not improve. The cat developed dyspnea and died on day 7. Necropsy revealed a large amount of modified transudates ascites, pleural effusion and markedly dilated pericardium...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476433/intelligent-use-of-advanced-capabilities-of-diagnostic-ecg-algorithms-in-a-monitoring-environment
#9
Reza Firoozabadi, Richard E Gregg, Saeed Babaeizadeh
A large number of ST-elevation notifications are generated by cardiac monitoring systems, but only a fraction of them is related to the critical condition known as ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in which the blockage of coronary artery causes ST-segment elevation. Confounders such as acute pericarditis and benign early repolarization create electrocardiographic patterns mimicking STEMI but usually do not benefit from a real-time notification. A STEMI screening algorithm able to recognize those confounders utilizing capabilities of diagnostic ECG algorithms in variation analysis of ST segments helps to avoid triggering a non-actionable ST-elevation notification...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473276/cardiac-tamponade-secondary-to-purulent-pericarditis-diagnosed-with-the-aid-of-emergency-department-ultrasound
#10
Mackenzie Gabler
Purulent pericarditis is a rare but devastating disease process and even when treated, carries a poor prognosis. Cardiac tamponade is the most severe complication of purulent pericarditis and without acute surgical intervention, is often fatal. Diagnosis requires pericardiocentesis; however, early consideration of the disease and its complications in the emergency department (ED) can be life-saving. Here, we present a case of an intravenous drug user who presented with altered mental status and a rectal temperature of 105...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472265/volumous-multiloculated-tuberculous-pericarditis-in-a-patient-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#11
João Gonçalves Almeida, Ana Isabel Azevedo, José Ribeiro, Vasco Gama Ribeiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470013/pyogenic-pericarditis-and-cardiac-tamponade-due-to-streptococcus-anginosus-in-a-combat-theater
#12
Ryan C Maves, Michael S Tripp, Tracy Franzos, Scott C Wallace, Benjamin J Drinkwine, Todd C Villines
Streptococcus anginosus group pericarditis is rare. A 24-year-old male soldier presented for care at a military clinic in Afghanistan with shock and cardiac tamponade requiring emergent pericardial drainage and aeromedical evacuation. We review the patient's case, the need for serial pericardial drainage, and the available literature on this disorder.
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461794/surgical-treatment-of-constrictive-pericarditis
#13
REVIEW
Burak Can Depboylu, Parmeseeven Mootoosamy, Nicola Vistarini, Ariane Testuz, Ismail El-Hamamsy, Mustafa Cikirikcioglu
Constrictive pericarditis is the final stage of a chronic inflammatory process characterized by fibrous thickening and calcification of the pericardium that impairs diastolic filling, reduces cardiac output, and ultimately leads to heart failure. Transthoracic echocardiography, computed tomography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging each can reveal severe diastolic dysfunction and increased pericardial thickness. Cardiac catheterization can help to confirm a diagnosis of diastolic dysfunction secondary to pericardial constriction, and to exclude restrictive cardiomyopathy...
April 2017: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456362/pericardial-interstitial-cell-senescence-responsible-for-pericardial-structural-remodeling-in-idiopathic-and-postsurgical-constrictive-pericarditis
#14
Lin Han, Xin Li, Guanxin Zhang, Zhiyun Xu, Dejun Gong, Fanglin Lu, Xiaohong Liu
OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic and postsurgical constrictive pericarditis is characterized by pericardial structural remodeling that involves fibrosis, calcification, and inflammation. This study aimed to determine whether cell senescence was responsible for pericardial structural remodeling. METHODS: Pericardial interstitial cells derived from patients with idiopathic or postsurgical pericarditis (pericarditis cells) were harvested. Timing of senescence and differences in telomere length were compared between age- and sex-matched controls (nonpericarditis cells)...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449020/s-pneumoniae-purulent-pericarditis-in-the-setting-of-community-acquired-pneumonia
#15
Andrew Chatfield, Timothy Glenie, Sarah Fitzsimons, Krish Chaudhuri, Khang-Li Looi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431690/elevated-hemi-diaphragms-as-a-cause-of-st-segment-elevation-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Manmohan Singh, Aditya Sood, Mobeen Ur Rehman, Mahmoud Othman, Luis Afonso
While ST-segment elevation (STE) on ECG is widely recognized as representing myocardial infarction or injury such as coronary occlusion or pericarditis, STE may occasionally ensue from non-cardiac etiologies. Indeed, gastrointestinal disorders causing STE are not well documented in the literature. We present a case wherein extreme abdominal distension and hemi-diaphragm elevation resulted in extrinsic cardiac and epicardial coronary compression manifesting as STE. Subsequent relief of the abdominal distension resulted in resolution of STE representing a noncoronary cause of STE...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414673/purulent-pericarditis-due-to-an-infected-pacemaker-lead
#17
Teresa Backes
INTRODUCTION: Intravenous drug users have a substantially increased risk of infective endocarditis, especially in the setting of implanted cardiac devices. Purulent pericarditis is a rare occurrence that can occur iatrogenically or through direct or hematogenous spread. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 75 year old man with a past medical history significant for hepatitis C, IV drug abuse, and sick sinus syndrome status post pacemaker was brought in by EMS with a chief complaint of diaphoresis and chest pain...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407841/cardiovascular-comorbidity-in-inflammatory-rheumatological-conditions
#18
Jürgen Braun, Klaus Krüger, Bernhard Manger, Matthias Schneider, Christof Specker, Hans Joachim Trappe
BACKGROUND: Approximately 1.5 million adults in Germany suffer from an inflammatory rheumatological condition. The most common among these are rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthritis-above all axial spondyloarthritis, including ankylosing spondylitis (Bekhterev's disease) and psoriatic arthritis. These systemic inflammatory diseases often affect the heart as well. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles retrieved by a selective literature search, on current European guidelines, and on the authors' clinical experience...
March 24, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405937/new-cardiac-imaging-algorithms-to-diagnose-constrictive-pericarditis-versus-restrictive-cardiomyopathy
#19
REVIEW
Ahmad Mahmoud, Manish Bansal, Partho P Sengupta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Echocardiography is the mainstay in the diagnostic evaluation of constrictive pericarditis (CP) and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM), but no single echocardiographic parameter is sufficiently robust to accurately distinguish between the two conditions. The present review summarizes the recent advances in echocardiography that promise to improve its diagnostic performance for this purpose. The role of other imaging modalities such as cardiac computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and invasive hemodynamic assessment in the overall diagnostic approach is also discussed briefly...
May 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399010/pleural-effusions-in-acute-idiopathic-pericarditis-and-postcardiac-injury-syndrome
#20
José M Porcel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pleural effusions are frequent in the context of acute idiopathic pericarditis and following pericardiotomy, but they have seldom been characterized. This review summarizes their most relevant clinical features. RECENT FINDINGS: In acute idiopathic pericarditis, pleural effusions tend to be left-sided and, if bilateral, they are usually larger on the left. Less than 5% are unilateral right-sided. About 90% of the effusions occupy less than one-third of the hemithorax, and 99% meet Light's exudative criteria with a predominance of lymphocytes in three fourths of the cases...
April 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
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