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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231436/myocardial-homing-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-following-intrapericardial-application-and-amplification-by-inflammation-an-experimental-pilot-study
#1
Nina Jung, Heinz Rupp, Rembert Koczulla, Claus Vogelmeier, Peter Alter
Recent studies demonstrated potential effects of stem cells on cardiac function in heart failure. However, influences of the technique of application remained undetermined. In the present study, the pericardial sac was used as depot for fluorescent-labeled mesenchymal stem cells in rats. To evaluate influences of inflammation on cell homing, a sterile pericarditis was induced by talc. It is shown that intrapericardial stem cells application is sufficient to provide myocardial penetration. The extent of homing was amplified by inflammation in a talc-induced pericarditis...
February 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229823/cardiovascular-complications-in-paediatric-onset-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-saudi-arabian-patients
#2
Ahmad S Azhar, Omneyah Mohamed Awlia, Mohammed A Muzaffer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and types of cardiovascular complications in Saudi patients with paediatric-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (pSLE). METHODS: Retrospective record review of pSLE patients following from January 2014 to September 2015 at the rheumatology clinic of King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah. Laboratory data such as C-reactive protein (CRP), antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-double stranded DNA antibody (anti-dsDNA), C3 and C4 complements, were collected...
February 10, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229822/myocardial-performance-index-in-active-and-inactive-paediatric-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#3
Anant Khositseth, Wasana Prangwatanagul, Kanchana Tangnararatchakit, Soamarat Vilaiyuk, Nantawan Su-Angka
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cardiac structure and function in paediatric SLE patients without clinical evidence of cardiovascular disease in active and inactive diseases. METHODS: Patients aged ≤20 years who fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of active SLE underwent transthoracic echocardiography to evaluate cardiac structure and function, and were then followed up echocardiographically every 3-4 months until SLE disease was inactive. Patients with heart failure, myocarditis, pericarditis, endocarditis, coronary artery disease, or abnormal structural heart disease were excluded...
February 3, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228965/surgical-treatment-of-left-ventricular-wall-rupture-regarded-as-a-consequence-of-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy
#4
Taalaibek Kudaiberdiev, Irina Akhmedova, Gulzada Imanalieva, Ildar Abdildaev, Kilichbek Jooshev, Jamalbek Ashimov, Azamat Mirzabekov, Janibek Gaybildaev
OBJECTIVE: We present the case of possible reverse type of TCM in a female patient presented with progressive left ventricular dysfunction and its rupture in pericardium. METHODS: The detailed history, physical examination, laboratory tests, electrocardiography, serial echocardiography, coronary angiography with left ventriculography were performed to diagnose possible Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in 63-year old woman admitted to our center with complaints of dyspnea, lightheadedness, weakness and signs of hypotension and history of inferior myocardial infarction, acute left ventricular aneurysm, and effusive pericarditis and pleuritis, developed after emotional stress 5 months ago...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228308/systematic-review-of-non-invasive-cardiovascular-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-constrictive-pericarditis
#5
Sivakumar Ardhanari, Bharath Yarlagadda, Vishal Parikh, Kevin C Dellsperger, Anand Chockalingam, Sudarshan Balla, Senthil Kumar
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis (CP) can be challenging. It can be nearly impossible to distinguish CP from other causes of right heart failure. Although various imaging modalities help in the diagnosis, no test is definitive. Several reviews have addressed the role of various imaging techniques in the diagnosis of CP but a systematic review has not yet been published. OBJECTIVE: Our intention was to study the ability of various non-invasive imaging modalities to diagnose CP in patients with surgically confirmed disease and to apply our findings to develop a clinically useful diagnostic algorithm...
January 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222993/effusive-constrictive-pericarditis-in-autoimmune-polyglandular-syndrome-type-ii
#6
David McNamara, Haru Yamamoto, Venetia Sarode, Vlad G Zaha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222655/a-cytologic-diagnosis-of-braf-v600e-erdheim-chester-disease-on-pericardial-fluid
#7
P Chasseur, M Kyriakopoulou, B Vokaer, I Beukinga, R Casado Arroyo, E Cogan, B Couturier
We report the case of a 74-year-old woman admitted to the emergency unit for resting dyspnea. Clinical presentation, cardiac MRI and echocardiography were consistent with cardiac tamponade requiring emergency pericardiocentesis. Cytologic examination of the pericardial fluid revealed the presence of CD68(pos) CD1a(neg) S100(neg) foamy histiocytes (Fig. 1). Additional investigations complied with the diagnosis of Erdheim-Chester histiocytosis. Treatment with αIFN was initiated but the patient developed severe neutropenia that contraindicated further administration...
February 22, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214508/surgical-management-of-pericardial-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Douglas R Johnston
Disease of the pericardium represents a relatively rare indication for cardiac surgery, and there exist no widely accepted guidelines for surgical management. As such, the surgical approach to the pericardium has relied largely on institutional experience with a slow evolution based on published studies. In particular, management of pericardial constriction has varied widely from surgeon to surgeon and institution to institution, in large part due to a perception of inherent high risk to the procedure. This review covers the current practice of surgery for disease of the pericardium, with particular focus on the evolution of indications for pericardiectomy, new applications in inflammatory or relapsing pericarditis, and the progressive refinement in surgical technique and operative planning which have led to significantly improved outcomes in experienced centers...
January 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213948/hourglass-shaped-right-ventricle-and-localized-constrictive-pericarditis
#9
Alper Karakus, Hasan Ari, Sencer Camci, Selma Ari, Ahmet Tutuncu, Mehmet Melek
Constrictive pericarditis is characterized by thick pericardial fibrosis and frequent calcification that progressively impairs diastolic filling of the heart. The diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis has been challenging even though multiple diagnostic modalities have been developed. The diagnosis of constructive pericarditis is especially difficult in localized constrictive pericarditis which is extremely rare. We report a case of localized constrictive pericarditis with a 3D multislice cardiac computed tomography (CT) finding of the constrictive band causing strangulation and hourglass shaping of the right ventricle...
February 18, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212053/transthoracic-echocardiography-pitfalls-and-limitations-as-delineated-at-cardiac-ct-and-mr-imaging
#10
Sachin B Malik, Natalie Chen, Rex A Parker, Joe Y Hsu
Transthoracic echocardiography ( TTE transthoracic echocardiography ) is a critical tool in the field of clinical cardiology. It often serves as one of the first-line imaging modalities in the evaluation of cardiac disease owing to its low cost, portability, widespread availability, lack of ionizing radiation, and ability to evaluate both anatomy and function of the heart. Consequently, a large majority of patients undergoing a cardiac computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examination will have a TTE transthoracic echocardiography available for review...
February 17, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210926/a-fatal-suppurative-pneumonia-in-piglets-caused-by-a-pathogenic-coagulase-positive-strain-of-staphylococcus-hyicus
#11
Mingyue Wang, Junying Hu, Lisai Zhu, Chunguang Guo, Haibing Lu, Changming Guo, Xin Li, Xinping Wang
Staphylococcus hyicus is one of the opportunistic pathogens that cause infections to animals. Early studies have demonstrated that S. hyicus is the causative agents of exudative epidermitis in pigs, arthritis in horses and chicken, mastitis in cow, and bacteremia, sepsis and multiple organ failure in humans. Here, we report the isolation and identification of a representative S. hyicus isolate, named JLHN15, from a pig farm with a disease characterized by bacteremia, suppurative pneumonia and fibrinous pericarditis...
February 16, 2017: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210567/-bread-and-butter-fibrinous-pericarditis
#12
Pedro Mansueto Melo de Souza, Adriele Machado Dos Santos, Eurides Martins Paulino, Carlos Gustavo Hirth, Conceição Aparecida Dornelas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208036/streptococcus-pyogenes-pericarditis-in-a-healthy-adult-a-common-organism-in-an-uncommon-site
#13
Lauren C Giudicatti, Gar-Hing Lee, Claire Italiano, Nik Stoyanov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191535/association-of-serum-intact-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-with-left-ventricular-mass-and-different-echocardiographic-findings-in-patients-on-hemodialysis
#14
Amir Ahmad Nassiri, Monir Sadat Hakemi, Reza Safar-Pour, Ali Ahmadi, Maryam Tohidi, Babak Sharif Kashani, Fatemeh Esfehani, Soudabeh Alatab
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) through the assessment of left ventricular (LV) mass and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) in patients on hemodialysis, this study was done. METHODS: All patients on hemodialysis who are older than 18 years and in whom hemodialysis vintage was at least 6 months were enrolled. All patients were on hemodialysis thrice a week for 4 h using low-flux dialysis filters, polysulfone membranes, reverse osmosis purified water, and bicarbonate-base hemodialysis solution...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185680/recurrent-pericarditis
#15
M Imazio, A Battaglia, L Gaido, F Gaita
Recurrent pericarditis is the most troublesome complication of pericarditis occurring in 15 to 30% of cases. The pathogenesis is often presumed to be immune-mediated although a specific rheumatologic diagnosis is commonly difficult to find. The clinical diagnosis is based on recurrent pericarditis chest pain and additional objective evidence of disease activity (e.g. pericardial rub, ECG changes, pericardial effusion, elevation of markers of inflammation, and/or imaging evidence of pericardial inflammation by CT or cardiac MR)...
February 6, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180099/the-importance-of-complete-pericardiectomy-and-the-role-of-the-apical-suction-device-in-chronic-constrictive-pericarditis
#16
Sang Yoon Kim, Kwon Joong Na, Kyung-Hwan Kim
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the preoperative attributes and clinical impacts of complete pericardiectomy in chronic constrictive pericarditis. METHODS: A total of 26 patients were treated from January 2001 to December 2013. The pericardium was resected as widely as possible. When excessive bleeding or hemodynamic instability occurred intraoperatively, a cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB; n=3, 11.5%) or an apical suction device (n=8, 30.8%) was used...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168067/necrotizing-liver-granuloma-abscess-and-constrictive-aspergillosis-pericarditis-with-central-nervous-system-involvement-different-remarkable-phenotypes-in-different-chronic-granulomatous-disease-genotypes
#17
Sanem Eren Akarcan, Neslihan Karaca, Guzide Aksu, Halil Bozkaya, Mehmet Fatih Ayik, Yasemin Ozdemir Sahan, Mehmet Arda Kilinc, Zafer Dokumcu, Cenk Eraslan, Emre Divarci, Hudaver Alper, Necil Kutukculer
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immune deficiency causing predisposition to infections with specific microorganisms, Aspergillus species and Staphylococcus aureus being the most common ones. A 16-year-old boy with a mutation in CYBB gene coding gp91(phox) protein (X-linked disease) developed a liver abscess due to Staphylococcus aureus. In addition to medical therapy, surgical treatment was necessary for the management of the disease. A 30-month-old girl with an autosomal recessive form of chronic granulomatous disease (CYBA gene mutation affecting p22(phox) protein) had invasive aspergillosis causing pericarditis, pulmonary abscess, and central nervous system involvement...
2017: Case Reports in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151876/late-onset-radiation-induced-constrictive-pericarditis-and-cardiomyopathy-after-radiotherapy-a-case-report
#18
Xiao-Feng Zhuang, Yan-Min Yang, Xiao-Lu Sun, Zhong-Kai Liao, Jie Huang
INTRODUCTION: Radiation-induced heart disease (RIHD) is a serious side effect of cancer treatment, including coronary artery disease, valvular cardiac dysfunction, cardiomyopathy, aortopathy, and chronic constrictive pericarditis. Herein, this case we present was diagnosed as radiation-induced constrictive pericarditis and cardiomyopathy by means of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and transthoracic echocardiogram, finally confirmed by pathology after performing heart transplant operation...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146196/-cardiobacterium-hominis-pericarditis-an-unusual-case
#19
José Salinas, Ailyn Irígoin, Mario Calvo, Carla Concha, Leopoldo Ardiles
The case of a male patient under hemodialytic therapy, who developed right heart failure is presented. Echocardiography revealed pericardial effusion, constrictive pattem in the right cavities, septation, without valvular damage and preserved systolic and diastolic function. Pericardial drainage and extensive pericardiectomy was performed obtaining cultures of pericardial tissue positive for an HACEK group organism, Cardiobacterium hominis, with repeatedly negative blood cultures. This is a rare clinical presentation of isolated bacterial pericarditis by an atypical microorganism, without associated endocarditis...
December 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135875/contemporary-management-of-pericardial-effusion-practical-aspects-for-clinical-practice
#20
Massimo Imazio, Luca Gaido, Alberto Battaglia, Fiorenzo Gaita
A pericardial effusion (PE) is a relatively common finding in clinical practice. It may be either isolated or associated with pericarditis with or without an underlying disease. The aetiology is varied and may be either infectious (especially tuberculosis as the most common cause in developing countries) or non-infectious (cancer, systemic inflammatory diseases). The management is essentially guided by the hemodynamic effect (presence or absence of cardiac tamponade), the presence of concomitant pericarditis or underlying disease, and its size and duration...
January 30, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
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