Read by QxMD icon Read

Wisdom exemplars

Irina Danileiko, Michael D Lee
We apply the "wisdom of the crowd" idea to human category learning, using a simple approach that combines people's categorization decisions by taking the majority decision. We first show that the aggregated crowd category learning behavior found by this method performs well, learning categories more quickly than most or all individuals for 28 previously collected datasets. We then extend the approach so that it does not require people to categorize every stimulus. We do this using a model-based method that predicts the categorization behavior people would produce for new stimuli, based on their behavior with observed stimuli, and uses the majority of these predicted decisions...
November 2, 2017: Cognitive Science
Kristyn E Sylvia, Gregory E Demas
Sickness is typically characterized by fever, anorexia, cachexia, and reductions in social, pleasurable, and sexual behaviors. These responses can be displayed at varying intensities both within and among individuals, and the adaptive nature of sickness responses can be demonstrated by the context-dependent nature of their expression. The study of sickness has become an important area of investigation for researchers in a wide range of areas, including psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) and ecoimmunology (EI). The general goal of PNI is to identify key interactions among the nervous, endocrine and immune systems and behavior, and how disruptions in these processes might contribute to disease states...
December 1, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
Chao S Hu, Michel Ferrari, Ru-De Liu, Qin Gao, Ethan Weare
OBJECTIVES: This is the first study on the Mainland Chinese implicit theory of wisdom. To understand the role of culture and social changes in the implicit theory of wisdom, cultural and generational differences were explored. METHOD: Two generations of Mainland Chinese, 50 older adults (age 60-80 years) and 50 younger adults (age 20-30 years), were interviewed individually. Participants first nominated personal acquaintances and historical figures as wisdom exemplars and then gave their own definition of wisdom...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Nic M Weststrate, Michel Ferrari, Monika Ardelt
Psychological research on wisdom has flourished in the last 30 years, much of it investigating laypeople's implicit theories of wisdom. In three studies, we took an exemplar and prototype approach to implicit wisdom theories by asking participants to nominate one or more cultural-historical figures of wisdom. Study 1 revealed that individuals draw from a wide range of wisdom exemplars, with substantial agreement on the most iconic figures. In Study 2, multidimensional scaling analysis of exemplars revealed practical, philosophical, and benevolent prototypes; follow-up analyses indicated that prototypes differed in familiarity, likability, and perceived wisdom...
May 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Justine E Owens, Martha Menard, Margaret Plews-Ogan, Lawrence G Calhoun, Monika Ardelt
Chronic pain remains a daunting clinical challenge, affecting 30% of people in the United States and 20% of the global population. People meeting this challenge by achieving wellbeing while living with pain are a virtually untapped source of wisdom about this persistent problem. Employing a concurrent mixed-methods design, we studied 80 people living with chronic pain with "positive stories to tell" using semi-structured interviews and standardized questionnaires. In-depth interviews focused on what helped, what hindered, how they changed, and advice for others in similar circumstances...
January 2016: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
Margaret Plews-Ogan, Natalie May, Justine Owens, Monika Ardelt, Jo Shapiro, Sigall K Bell
PURPOSE: Confronting medical error openly is critical to organizational learning, but less is known about what helps individual clinicians learn and adapt positively after making a harmful mistake. Understanding what factors help doctors gain wisdom can inform educational and peer support programs, and may facilitate the development of specific tools to assist doctors after harmful errors occur. METHOD: Using "posttraumatic growth" as a model, the authors conducted semistructured interviews (2009-2011) with 61 physicians who had made a serious medical error...
February 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Eloise Balasco Cathcart, Miriam Greenspan
AIM: To illustrate through the interpretation of one representative nurse manager's narrative how the methodology of practice articulation gives language to the ways practical wisdom develops in leadership practice and facilitates learning. BACKGROUND: Patricia Benner's corpus of research has demonstrated that reflection on clinical narratives comes closer than other pedagogical methods to replicating and enhancing the experiential learning required for the development of practical wisdom...
October 2013: Journal of Nursing Management
Cheryl Mixon Smith, Sheri Reynolds Noviello
The infusion of humor in the classroom through faculty-developed skits is a teaching-learning strategy that engages nursing students in the learning process. Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Theory for Adult Learners provides the framework for the use of humor as a strategy in higher education. Three exemplars are presented with a description of the specific strategy, an objective for each strategy, and the effect of the strategy on student engagement in nursing education. In the exemplars, the authors provide "ready to use" ideas with some "pearls of wisdom" for other faculty interested in developing similar learning activities...
September 2012: Nurse Educator
Chaya Greenberger
The Swedish sociologist Tornstam perceives old age as the peak of human maturation whose favorable culmination is gerotranscendence. The latter is characterized by breaking out of one's finite existence and uniting with a greater world with respect to past, present, and future. Tornstam relates to gerotranscendent roots in Eastern cultures; this study will examine how gerotranscendence finds expression in Jewish sources. Varied Jewish texts speak to how the wisdom that accrues from life experience enables one to rise above physical decline and enrich relationships via self, fellow man, and cosmos...
June 2012: Journal of Religion and Health
Constantin A Landes, Bettina Glasl, Björn Ludwig, Jörg Rieger, Robert Sader
This report documents successful tooth autotransplantation to a free iliac crest graft in an exemplar case. A 14-year-old male patient was operated thrice with increasing amounts of resection for recurrent odontogenic myxoma. When mandibular continuity resection finally was performed, a free iliac crest block autotransplant was used for reconstruction. Upon metal removal 5 months later, 3 wisdom teeth with two-thirds complete root development were transplanted to the free graft and retained by fixed orthodontic appliances including skeletal anchorage with orthodontic microscrews...
September 2008: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Beverly Rossman
Traditionally, women have relied upon the wisdom and experience of other women to learn about mothering and breastfeeding. In the United States, however, this once-standard mother-to-mother interaction was almost nonexistent by the mid-20th century. Recent advances in the understanding of the benefits of breastfeeding for maternal and child health have led most professional organizations to advocate breastfeeding as the norm of infant feeding. Promotional breastfeeding efforts over the past 3 decades include strategies to strengthen support for breastfeeding in the health care system and in the community...
November 2007: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Ann M Begley
Abstract The teaching of ethics is discussed within the context of insights gleaned from ancient Greek ethics, particularly Aristotle and Plato and their conceptions of virtue (arete, meaning excellence). The virtues of excellence of character (moral virtue) and excellence of intelligence (intellectual virtue), particularly practical wisdom and theoretical wisdom, are considered. In Aristotelian ethics, a distinction is drawn between these intellectual virtues: experience and maturity is needed for practical wisdom, but not for theoretical wisdom...
October 2006: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
E Harrison
Intolerable human suffering and the role of the ancestor: literary criticism as a means of analysis This essay explores the experience of intolerable human suffering in Toni Cade Bambara's novel, The Salt Eaters. The method of analysis is literary criticism, a technique that shares many of the same goals as other types of inquiry. It employs close reading to illuminate the novel's meaning(s), thereby revealing information about the nature of intolerable human suffering. Morrison's characteristics of black art is the literary and cultural framework that guides the analysis of Bambara's novel...
September 2000: Journal of Advanced Nursing
P Castillo Pérez
We start with a short introduction about the concept of "bad promotional practices" within the Pharmaceutical Industry's (PHI) communication, giving rise to the birth of so-called "un-representatives" (un'rep). Taking the self-control model from the "Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry" (ABPI), based upon the "code of practice" as a paradigma, we comment about those who notify presumed code's breaches besides the assessment process and penalties that are usually imposed. We also considered the possibility that sometimes the physician instead of being a prosecutor is accused, by the PHI, of supposed "Medical Deonthological Code's" Infringement...
May 1993: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"