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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933054/imaging-correlates-of-behavioral-impairments-an-experimental-pet-study-in-the-rat-pilocarpine-epilepsy-model
#1
Valentina Di Liberto, R Maarten van Dijk, Matthias Brendel, Ann-Marie Waldron, Christina Möller, Ines Koska, Isabel Seiffert, Fabio Gualtieri, Franz Josef Gildehaus, Barbara von Ungern-Sternberg, Magdalena Lindner, Sibylle Ziegler, Rupert Palme, Rainer Hellweg, Peter Gass, Peter Bartenstein, Heidrun Potschka
Psychiatric comorbidities are prevalent in patients with epilepsy and greatly contribute to the overall burden of disease. The availability of reliable biomarkers to diagnose epilepsy-associated comorbidities would allow for effective treatment and improved disease management. Due to their non-invasive nature, molecular imaging techniques such as positron emission tomography (PET) are ideal tools to measure pathologic changes. In the current study we investigated the potential of [18 F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose ([18 F]FDG) and 2'-methoxyphenyl-(N-2'-pyridinyl)-p-18 F-fluoro-benzamidoethylpiperazine ([18 F]MPPF) as imaging correlates of neurobehavioral comorbidities in the pilocarpine rat model of epilepsy...
June 19, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908672/changing-the-neurology-policy-landscape-in-the-united-states-misconceptions-and-facts-about-epilepsy
#2
David C Grabowski, Jesse Fishman, Imane Wild, Bruce Lavin
Epilepsy has a relatively high prevalence, and diagnosis and treatment are often challenging. Seizure freedom without significant side effects is the ultimate goal for both physicians and patients, but not always achievable. In those cases, the treatment goals of patients and providers may differ. In the United States, many clinicians continue to prescribe older AEDs, even though newer AEDs have a more desirable safety and tolerability profile, fewer drug-drug interactions, and are associated with lower epilepsy-related hospital visits...
May 26, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908384/assessing-depression-severity-with-a-self-rated-vs-rater-administered-instrument-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#3
Shirin Jamal-Omidi, Christine Collins, Erin Fulchiero, Hongyan Liu, Kari Colon-Zimmermann, Edna Fuentes-Casiano, Curtis Tatsuoka, Kristin A Cassidy, Samden Lhatoo, Martha Sajatovic
RATIONALE: Up to 30-50% of individuals with epilepsy have depressive symptoms, which often complicate seizure management and reduce overall quality of life. To identify and manage depressive symptoms appropriately, clinicians need standardized instruments that can accurately identify and monitor those with clinically significant depression. The self-reported 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) has been used relatively widely to screen and monitor depression in epilepsy. The rater-administered Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) is a rater-administered instrument widely used in depression treatment trials but less widely applied in epilepsy...
June 13, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908383/cognition-mood-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-among-low-literacy-adults-living-with-epilepsy-in-rural-kenya-a-preliminary-study
#4
Patrick N Mwangala, Symon M Kariuki, Moses K Nyongesa, Paul Mwangi, Esther Chongwo, Charles R Newton, Amina Abubakar
Epilepsy is frequently associated with neurocognitive impairments, mental health, and psychosocial problems but these are rarely documented in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine the neurocognitive outcomes, depressive symptoms, and psychosocial adjustments of people with epilepsy (PWE) in Kilifi, Kenya. We evaluated the impact of these outcomes on health-related quality of life. Self-report, interviewer-administered measures of depression (Major Depression Inventory) and quality of life (RAND SF-36) were administered to 63 PWE and 83 community controls...
June 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886239/anticonvulsive-effects-of-protodioscin-against-pilocarpine-induced-epilepsy
#5
Shiwei Song, Abul Fajol, Yan Chen, Baogang Ren, Songsheng Shi
Epilepsy is associated with increased morbidity and mortality together and places a large financial burden on individuals and society. To evaluate the anticonvulsant action of protodioscin (PDSN) in experiments with animals with pilocarpine-induced convulsions. We assessed the activity of PDSN in pilocarpine induced seizures in combination with different agents which are acting via diverse receptors, such as atropine, memantine, nimodipine, diazepam, and flumazenil, to determine the exact receptors responsible for the action of PDSN...
June 7, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886019/affiliate-stigma-and-caregiver-burden-in-intractable-epilepsy
#6
Barbara Hansen, Magdalena Szaflarski, E Martina Bebin, Jerzy P Szaflarski
Intractable epilepsy can be challenging for patients and for their families. Disability rates in patients are high, causing tremendous physical and emotional burden on family caregivers. Additionally, caregivers may experience affiliate stigma, where they perceive and internalize the negative societal views of a condition and exhibit a psychological response. Affiliate stigma has been rarely studied in caregivers of those with intractable epilepsy. This study examined the relationship between affiliate stigma and the levels of burden experienced by caregivers, as well as how these levels may vary between those caring for children and adults...
June 7, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881796/advocacy-for-children-with-epilepsy-leveraging-the-wha-resolution-advocacy-task-force-commission-of-pediatrics-international-league-against-epilepsy
#7
REVIEW
Jo M Wilmshurst, Alla Guekht, Mary Secco, J Helen Cross, Emilio Perucca
In May 2015 the World Health Assembly (WHA) approved the Resolution on the Global Burden of Epilepsy. This report addresses how the Resolution can be leveraged to improve the care of children with epilepsy worldwide. Children with epilepsy have unique needs and face unique challenges from stigma at all levels of society. Children lack a voice to lobby for their own needs, including their right to have access to education. Effective leadership and governance should be enhanced through the support of stakeholders empowered to counsel, advise, and lobby for appropriate care...
June 2018: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875195/laboratory-diagnosis-of-neurocysticercosis-taenia-solium
#8
Hector H Garcia, Seth E O'Neal, John Noh, Sukwan Handali
Neurocysticercosis accounts for approximately 30% of all epilepsy cases in most developing countries. Immunodiagnosis of cysticercosis is complex and strongly influenced by the course of infection, the disease burden and cyst location, and the immune response of the host. The main approach to immunodiagnosis should thus be to evaluate whether the serological results are consistent with the diagnosis suggested by imaging. Antibody detection is performed using lentil-lectin purified parasite antigens in an enzyme-linked immunoelectrotransfer blot format while antigen detection uses a monoclonal antibody-based ELISA...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809229/could-physical-activity-practice-minimize-the-economic-burden-of-epilepsy
#9
Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Marília Santos Andrade, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797181/tumor-related-epilepsy-epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-management
#10
REVIEW
Dillon Y Chen, Clark C Chen, John R Crawford, Sonya G Wang
INTRODUCTION: Seizure is a common comorbidity in patients with brain tumor. It may be the presenting symptom or develop after the tumor diagnosis. The underlying pathophysiology of brain tumor-related epilepsy remains poorly understood. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review of Pubmed English articles from 1980-2017 was performed to summarize current knowledge and treatment options of brain tumor-related epilepsy. RESULTS: Multiple factors have been found to contribute to tumor-related epilepsy, including tumor type, speed of tumor growth, location, and tumor burden...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29795651/functional-disruption-of-stress-modulatory-circuits-in-a-model-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#11
Aynara C Wulsin, Ana Franco-Villanueva, Christian Romancheck, Rachel L Morano, Brittany L Smith, Benjamin A Packard, Steve C Danzer, James P Herman
Clinical data suggest that the neuroendocrine stress response is chronically dysregulated in a subset of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), potentially contributing to both disease progression and the development of psychiatric comorbidities such as anxiety and depression. Whether neuroendocrine dysregulation and psychiatric comorbidities reflect direct effects of epilepsy-related pathologies, or secondary effects of disease burden particular to humans with epilepsy (i.e. social estrangement, employment changes) is not clear...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791941/understanding-refugees-health
#12
Martin Müller, Dana Khamis, David Srivastava, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, Carmen Andrea Pfortmueller
According to the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), 65.6 million people have been forcibly displaced worldwide. Several factors have a major influence on asylum seekers' health; so, their health profile is markedly different from that of the population in the country of asylum. The aim of this study is to review the major issues physicians need to be aware of when treating asylum seekers, with a special focus on the neurological problems of asylum seekers and refugees. The major impact factors on refugees' health are linked to experiences and exposure (1) in the country of origin, (2) in refugee camps and en route to Europe, and (3) in the process of immigration into the host country and living in European asylum centers...
April 2018: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783981/implementing-integrated-services-for-people-with-epilepsy-in-primary-care-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#13
Raquel Catalao, Tigist Eshetu, Ruth Tsigebrhan, Girmay Medhin, Abebaw Fekadu, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: In order to tackle the considerable treatment gap for epilepsy in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), a task sharing model is recommended whereby care is integrated into primary health services. However, there are limited data on implementation and impact of such services in LMICs. Our study aimed to explore the perspectives of service users and caregivers on the accessibility, experience and perceived impact of epilepsy treatment received in a task-shared model in a rural district of Ethiopia...
May 21, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770117/clinical-application-of-epilepsy-genetics-in-africa-is-now-the-time
#14
Alina I Esterhuizen, Gemma L Carvill, Rajkumar S Ramesar, Symon M Kariuki, Charles R Newton, Annapurna Poduri, Jo M Wilmshurst
Over 80% of people with epilepsy live in low- to middle-income countries where epilepsy is often undiagnosed and untreated due to limited resources and poor infrastructure. In Africa, the burden of epilepsy is exacerbated by increased risk factors such as central nervous system infections, perinatal insults, and traumatic brain injury. Despite the high incidence of these etiologies, the cause of epilepsy in over 60% of African children is unknown, suggesting a possible genetic origin. Large-scale genetic and genomic research in Europe and North America has revealed new genes and variants underlying disease in a range of epilepsy phenotypes...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753296/mortality-specific-comorbidity-among-inpatients-with-epilepsy-a-preliminary-cross-sectional-study-in-west-china
#15
Yang Si, Xiaoqiang Xiao, Hongbin Sun
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the current condition of mortality-specific comorbidity among hospitalized patients with epilepsy (PWE). METHODS: The discharge abstract records of PWE from over 730,000 admissions were extracted from the hospital medical database. Fourteen mortality-related comorbidities from an epilepsy-specific index (ESI) were selected for the present assessment. The hospital-based prevalence of these comorbidities was estimated...
May 9, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750358/a-population-based-cost-effectiveness-study-of-early-genetic-testing-in-severe-epilepsies-of-infancy
#16
Katherine B Howell, Stefanie Eggers, Kim Dalziel, Jessica Riseley, Simone Mandelstam, Candace T Myers, Jacinta M McMahon, Amy Schneider, Gemma L Carvill, Heather C Mefford, Ingrid E Scheffer, A Simon Harvey
OBJECTIVE: The severe epilepsies of infancy (SEI) are a devastating group of disorders that pose a major care and economic burden on society; early diagnosis is critical for optimal management. This study sought to determine the incidence and etiologies of SEI, and model the yield and cost-effectiveness of early genetic testing. METHODS: A population-based study was undertaken of the incidence, etiologies, and cost-effectiveness of a whole exome sequencing-based gene panel (targeted WES) in infants with SEI born during 2011-2013, identified through electroencephalography (EEG) and neonatal databases...
May 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750339/pre-and-postsurgical-cognitive-trajectories-and-quantitative-mri-changes-in-rasmussen-syndrome
#17
Sarah R Rudebeck, Sara Shavel-Jessop, Sophia Varadkar, Tamsin Owen, J Helen Cross, Faraneh Vargha-Khadem, Torsten Baldeweg
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the longitudinal cognitive trajectory, before and after surgery, of Rasmussen syndrome (RS), a rare disease characterized by focal epilepsy and progressive atrophy of one cerebral hemisphere. METHOD: Thirty-two patients (mean age = 6.7 years; 17 male, 16 left hemispheres affected) were identified from hospital records. The changes in intelligence scores during 2 important phases in the patients' journey to treatment were investigated: (1) during the preoperative period (n = 28, mean follow-up 3...
May 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724486/computer-based-monitoring-and-evaluation-of-epilepsy-related-health-variables-and-their-impact-on-treatment-decision
#18
Melanie Bergmann, Manuela Prieschl, Gerald Walser, Gerhard Luef, Gerhard Rumpold, Iris Unterberger
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of electronic patient-reported outcomes (ePROs) with focus on epilepsy-specific quality of life, psychiatric and psychosocial burden, drug side effects, and patient satisfaction via the Computer-based Health Evaluation System (CHES) and to evaluate their impact on treatment regimen. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy undergoing prolonged video-electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring at the Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University were included and randomized to an intervention group (questionnaire results accessible to the physicians) and a control group (questionnaire results inaccessible to the physicians)...
April 30, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709879/change-in-illness-perception-is-associated-with-short-term-seizure-burden-outcome-following-video-eeg-confirmation-of-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures
#19
David K Chen, Shirine Majmudar, Aarthi Ram, Holly C Rutherford, Melissa Fadipe, Callie B Dunn, Robert L Collins
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate whether potential changes in the patient's illness perception can significantly influence short-term seizure burden following video-electroencephalography (EEG) confirmation/explanation of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). METHODS: Patients with PNES were dichotomized to two groups based on a five-point Symptom Attribution Scale: (a) those who prior to diagnosis perceived their seizures to be solely ("5") or mainly ("4") physical in origin (physical group) and (b) the remainder of patients with PNES (psychological group)...
June 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702412/vagus-nerve-stimulation-for-6-to-12-year-old-children-with-refractory-epilepsy-impact-on-seizure-frequency-and-parenting-stress-index
#20
Hueng-Chuen Fan, Ting-Rong Hsu, Kai-Ping Chang, Shyi-Jou Chen, Jeng-Dau Tsai
OBJECTIVES: Refractory epilepsy (RE) is frequently associated with neuropsychological impairment in children and may disrupt their social development. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) had been reported to have beneficial effects on behavioral outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare Parenting Stress Index (PSI) scores before and after VNS device implantation in children with RE, especially those who experienced seizure frequency reduction. METHODS: We conducted a one-group pretest-posttest study in school age children with RE...
June 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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