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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018647/burden-of-arrhythmias-in-epilepsy-patients-a-nationwide-inpatient-analysis-of-1-4-million-hospitalizations-in-the-united-states
#1
Rupak Desai, Chintan Rupareliya, Upenkumar Patel, Syeda Naqvi, Smit Patel, Abhishek Lunagariya, Zabeen Mahuwala
Arrhythmias have been one of the common complications in epilepsy patients and have also been the reason for death. However, limited data exist about the burden and outcomes of arrhythmias by subtypes in epilepsy. Our study aims at evaluating the burden and differences in outcomes of various subtypes of arrhythmias in epilepsy patient population. The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from 2014 was examined for epilepsy and arrhythmias related discharges using appropriate International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes...
August 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990527/epilepsy-comorbidities-and-treatments
#2
Alla Guekht
BACKGROUND: An increasing amount of evidence suggests an association between epilepsy and multiple somatic and psychiatric conditions, which is more significant than in the general population. Furthermore, a bidirectional association has been established between epilepsy and several conditions, notably depression and suicide, cerebrovascular disease, stroke, dementia and migraine, which is best explained by the presence of common underlying mechanisms and risk factors. Gaining knowledge about these common mechanisms can provide insight into new therapeutic targets, screening and preventive measures...
October 9, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985613/preventable-complications-in-epilepsy-admissions-the-july-effect
#3
Natalie S Pierson, Daniel R Kramer, Timothy Wen, Lianne Ho, Arati Patel, Daniel Donoho, Vivek Mehta, Christianne Heck, Brian Lee, William J Mack, Charles Y Liu
BACKGROUND: Inpatient hospital stays for patients with epilepsy represent a significant burden on patients and society. Identifying factors that contribute to such costs aides in developing effective strategies to address this burden. July admissions have been associated with higher rates of complications and worse outcomes, attributed to the presence of new physicians. This study aims to evaluate whether epilepsy patients admitted in July have higher preventable complication rates and mortality than during the rest of the year...
September 20, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983445/impact-of-cocaine-use-on-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-insights-from-nationwide-inpatient-sample-in-the-united-states
#4
Rupak Desai, Upenkumar Patel, Chintan Rupareliya, Sandeep Singh, Manan Shah, Rikinkumar S Patel, Smit Patel, Zabeen Mahuwala
Cocaine is the third most common substance of abuse after cannabis and alcohol. The use of cocaine as an illicit substance is implicated as a causative factor for multisystem derangements ranging from an acute crisis to chronic complications. Vasospasm is the proposed mechanism behind adverse events resulting from cocaine abuse, acute ischemic strokes (AIS) being one of the few. Our study looked into in-hospital outcomes owing to cocaine use in the large population based study of AIS patients. Using the national inpatient sample (NIS) database from 2014 of United States of America, we identified AIS patients with cocaine use using International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes...
August 2, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982809/understanding-the-health-economic-burden-of-patients-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-tsc-with-epilepsy-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-the-uk-clinical-practice-research-datalink-cprd
#5
Charles Shepherd, Matthias Koepp, Melissa Myland, Keyur Patel, Cristiana Miglio, Vathani Siva, Elizabeth Gray, Maureen Neary
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is highly prevalent in tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), a multi-system genetic disorder. The clinical and economic burden of this condition is expected to be substantial due to treatment challenges, debilitating co-morbidities and the relationship between TSC-related manifestations. This study estimated healthcare resource utilisation (HCRU) and costs for patients with TSC with epilepsy (TSC+E) in the UK. METHODS: Patients with TSC+E in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) linked to Hospital Episodes Statistics were identified from April 1997 to March 2012...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977140/air-pollution-and-risk-of-hospitalization-for-epilepsy-the-role-of-farm-use-of-nitrogen-fertilizers-and-emissions-of-the-agricultural-air-pollutant-nitrous-oxide
#6
Keith Fluegge, Kyle Fluegge
The link between various air pollutants and hospitalization for epilepsy has come under scrutiny. We have proposed that exposure to air pollution and specifically the pervasive agricultural air pollutant and greenhouse gas, nitrous oxide (N2O), may provoke susceptibility to neurodevelopmental disorders. Evidence supports a role of N2O exposure in reducing epileptiform seizure activity, while withdrawal from the drug has been shown to induce seizure-like activity. Therefore, we show here that the statewide use of anthropogenic nitrogen fertilizers (the most recognized causal contributor to environmental N2O burden) is significantly negatively associated with hospitalization for epilepsy in all three pre-specified hospitalization categories, even after multiple pollutant comparison correction (p<...
September 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958777/incidence-of-sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-in-community-based-cohort-in-china
#7
Yan Ge, Ding Ding, Qing Zhang, Bin Yang, Taiping Wang, Beixu Li, Jie Wang, Jianfeng Luo, Patrick Kwan, Wenzhi Wang, Zhen Hong, Josemir W Sander
OBJECTIVE: Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is associated with the high premature mortality observed among people with epilepsy. It is, however, considered a rare event in China, probably because of lack of awareness and limitation of studies in the country. We aimed to provide some initial estimation of the burden of SUDEP in China. METHODS: We established a large Chinese community-based cohort of people with epilepsy between January 2010 and December 2011...
September 25, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954894/enhanced-interlaminar-excitation-or-reduced-superficial-layer-inhibition-in-neocortex-generates-different-spike-and-wave-like-electrographic-events-in-vitro
#8
Stephen P Hall, Roger D Traub, Natalie E Adams, Mark O Cunningham, Ian Schofield, Alistair J Jenkins, Miles A Whittington
Acute In vitro models have revealed a great deal of information about mechanisms underlying many types of epileptiform activity. However, few examples exist that shed light on spike and wave (SpW) patterns of pathological activity. SpW are seen in many epilepsy syndromes, both generalised and focal, and manifest across the entire age spectrum. They are heterogeneous in terms of their severity, symptom burden and apparent anatomical origin (thalamic, neocortical or both), but any relationship between this heterogeneity and underlying pathology remains elusive...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936065/high-frequency-of-depressive-symptoms-among-adults-with-epilepsy-results-from-a-hospital-based-study
#9
Syam C Chandrasekharan, Vikas Menon, Vaibhav Wadwekar, Pradeep Pankajakshan Nair
CONTEXT: Assessment of comorbid burden of depression and associated factors among adult people living with epilepsy (PWE) has the potential to inform clinical evaluation and management to improve outcomes. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine frequency of depressive symptoms and factors associated with it among PWE attending a tertiary care hospital. SETTING AND DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted in the outpatient clinic of a tertiary care center...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932874/-epilepsy-new-diagnostic-tools-old-drugs-therapeutic-consequences-of-epilepsy-genetics
#10
REVIEW
M Tacke, B A Neubauer, L Gerstl, T Roser, J Rémi, I Borggraefe
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in the field of epilepsy genetics have led to an increased fraction of patients with epilepsies where the etiology of the disease could be identified. Nevertheless, there is some criticism regarding the use of epilepsy genetics because in many cases the identification of a pathogenetic mutation does not lead to an adaptation of therapy or to an improved prognosis. In addition, the interpretation of genetic results might be complicated due to the considerable numbers of variants of unclear significance...
September 20, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931491/global-regional-and-national-burden-of-neurological-disorders-during-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#11
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Comparable data on the global and country-specific burden of neurological disorders and their trends are crucial for health-care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study provides such information but does not routinely aggregate results that are of interest to clinicians specialising in neurological conditions. In this systematic analysis, we quantified the global disease burden due to neurological disorders in 2015 and its relationship with country development level...
November 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928712/metabolomics-as-a-tool-for-the-characterization-of-drug-resistant-epilepsy
#12
Federica Murgia, Antonella Muroni, Monica Puligheddu, Lorenzo Polizzi, Luigi Barberini, Gianni Orofino, Paolo Solla, Simone Poddighe, Francesco Del Carratore, Julian L Griffin, Luigi Atzori, Francesco Marrosu
PURPOSE: Drug resistance is a critical issue in the treatment of epilepsy, contributing to clinical emergencies and increasing both serious social and economic burdens on the health system. The wide variety of potential drug combinations followed by often failed consecutive attempts to match drugs to an individual patient may mean that this treatment stage may last for years with suboptimal benefit to the patient. Given these challenges, it is valuable to explore the availability of new methodologies able to shorten the period of determining a rationale pharmacologic treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923090/mapping-occurrence-of-taenia-solium-taeniosis-cysticercosis-and-areas-at-risk-of-porcine-cysticercosis-in-central-america-and-the-caribbean-basin
#13
Uffe Christian Braae, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Fortune Sithole, Ziqi Wang, Arve Lee Willingham
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to map the occurrence of Taenia solium taeniosis/cysticercosis at national level within Central America and the Caribbean basin, and to map the distribution of porcine cysticercosis at first-level administrative subdivision level (department level) and the porcine population at risk. This zoonotic parasite is believed to be widely endemic across most of Latin America. However, there is little information readily available for Central America and the Caribbean basin...
September 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917500/economic-evaluation-of-childhood-epilepsy-in-a-resource-challenged-setting-a-preliminary-survey
#14
Aliyu Ibrahim, Umar Isa Umar, Umar Musa Usman, Lukman Femi Owolabi
BACKGROUND: Considerable disease variability exists between patients with epilepsy, and the societal costs for epilepsy care are overall high, because of high frequency in the general population especially in children from developing countries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study where children with established diagnosis of epilepsy were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Prevalence-based costs were stratified by patients' sociodemographic characteristics and socioeconomic scores (SES)...
September 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894505/increased-mitochondrial-mass-and-cytosolic-redox-imbalance-in-hippocampal-astrocytes-of-a-mouse-model-of-rett-syndrome-subcellular-changes-revealed-by-ratiometric-imaging-of-jc-1-and-rogfp1-fluorescence
#15
Dörthe F Bebensee, Karolina Can, Michael Müller
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with mutations in the MECP2 gene. Mostly girls are affected, and an apparently normal development is followed by cognitive impairment, motor dysfunction, epilepsy, and irregular breathing. Various indications suggest mitochondrial dysfunction. In Rett mice, brain ATP levels are reduced, mitochondria are leaking protons, and respiratory complexes are dysregulated. Furthermore, we found in MeCP2-deficient mouse (Mecp2(-/y) ) hippocampus an intensified mitochondrial metabolism and ROS generation...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886496/convulsive-status-epilepticus-in-a-quaternary-hospital-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-picu-in-south-africa-an-8-year-review
#16
Yavini Reddy, Yusentha Balakrishna, Lawrence Mubaiwa
PURPOSE: Convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to describe the clinical profile, aetiology, neuroimaging and EEG findings as well as outcome of children with CSE in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of electronic records of children with CSE admitted to the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) over an 8-year period from January 2007 to December 2014. RESULTS: Seventy six patients were admitted to the PICU with CSE and 55(72%) had refractory status epilepticus...
October 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870567/tele-neurology-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Fred S Sarfo, Sheila Adamu, Dominic Awuah, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: The rapid advancement in telecommunications on the African continent has opened up avenues for improving medical care to underserved populations. Although the greatest burden of neurological disorders is borne by Low-and-Middle Income Countries (LMICs) including sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), there is a profound paucity of neurologists to serve the population. Telemedicine presents a promising avenue for effective mobilization and utilization of the few neurologists in Africa. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the published literature on the use of telemedicine for improved care and outcomes for patients with neurological disorders in SSA...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865255/parent-use-of-cannabis-for-intractable-pediatric-epilepsy-everyday-empiricism-and-the-boundaries-of-scientific-medicine
#18
Elisa J Sobo
Cannabis is an increasingly sought-after remedy for US children with intractable (biomedically uncontrollable) epilepsy. However, like other complementary-alternative medicine (CAM) modalities, and particularly as a federally illegal, stigmatized substance, it is unsanctioned by mainstream medicine. Parents are largely on their own when it comes to learning about, procuring, dispensing, and monitoring treatments. Exploring how they manage is crucial to better assist them. Moreover, it can illuminate how 'research' done on the ground by laypeople variously disrupts and reinforces lay-expert and science-non-science divides...
August 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860106/web-based-mindfulness-interventions-for-people-with-physical-health-conditions-systematic-review
#19
Kirsti I Toivonen, Kristin Zernicke, Linda E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are becoming increasingly popular for helping people with physical health conditions. Expanding from traditional face-to-face program delivery, there is growing interest in Web-based application of MBIs, though Web-based MBIs for people with physical health conditions specifically have not been thoroughly reviewed to date. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to review Web-based MBIs for people with physical health conditions and to examine all outcomes reported (eg, efficacy or effectiveness for physical changes or psychological changes; feasibility)...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855148/ivermectin-treatment-in-patients-with-onchocerciasis-associated-epilepsy-protocol-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Robert Colebunders, Michel Mandro, Deby Mukendi, Housseini Dolo, Patrick Suykerbuyk, Marieke Van Oijen
BACKGROUND: Many studies have reported an association between epilepsy, nodding syndrome (NS), and onchocerciasis (river blindness). A high prevalence of epilepsy has been noted particularly in onchocerciasis hyperendemic areas where onchocerciasis is not or insufficiently controlled with mass ivermectin distribution. There is evidence that increasing the coverage of ivermectin reduces the incidence of epilepsy, and anecdotal evidence suggests a reduction in seizure frequency in onchocerciasis-associated epilepsy (OAE) patients who receive ivermectin...
August 30, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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