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maxillofacial pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785160/observational-study-of-the-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-jaws
#1
Andreea Elena Lungu, Madalina Anca Lazar, Andrada Tonea, Horatiu Rotaru, Rares Calin Roman, Mindra Eugenia Badea
Introduction: The bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw was first referred to in 2003. Bisphosphonates action is focused on the osteoclasts. The drastic inhibition of the osteoclastic function is harmful for the jaws which are the only bones of the human skeleton in relative contact with the external environment. The adverse effects of the bisphosphonate-related therapy include the pathology for which they are prescribed, the atypical fractures in pathological bone. Method: The aim of this research was to analyze the risk factors and the treatment methods in case of osteonecrosis of the jaws...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784601/the-anatomage-table-and-the-placement-of-titanium-mesh-for-the-management-of-orbital-floor-fractures
#2
Matteo Brucoli, Francesca Boccafoschi, Paolo Boffano, Emanuele Broccardo, Arnaldo Benech
OBJECTIVE: The anatomy of the head and neck region is complex as are its implications for maxillofacial pathologic conditions and their surgical treatments. We hypothesize that the assessment of the surgical management of orbital floor fractures by using titanium mesh could represent an appropriate first experimental field for the use of the Anatomage Table in maxillofacial surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Patients with unilateral orbital floor fractures were searched for in the hospital database of Novara University Hospital, Novara, Italy...
May 2, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783259/classifications-of-temporomandibular-disorders-and-patients-examination-protocols-comparative-analysis-by-the-convenience-of-their-daily-use-in-clinical-practice
#3
Ulyana D Telishevska, Oksana D Telishevska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:The problem of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is relevant in today's world and is considered one of the most common pathologies causing nonodontogenic pain syndromes of maxillofacial region. The morbidity of temporomandibular disorders is 27 to 76% among patients who seek dental care. There is now a significant number of classifications of TMD, however, clinically convenient, morphologically and pathogenetically substantiated classification of temporomandibular joint's (TMJ) conditions has not yet been developed...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783235/-statistical-information-about-the-inflammatory-processes-of-the-jaw-facial-part-in-children
#4
Pavlo I Tkachenko, Serhii O Bilokon, Nataliia M Lokhmatova, Vitalina O Dobroskok, Olha B Dolenko, Nataliia M Korotych, Yuliia V Popelo
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The acute and chronic inflammatory processes prevail in the structure of the dental surgical diseases in children. Notably, various forms of lymphadenitis, adenophlegmon and odontogenous osteomyelitis dominate in the specialized surgical units; however, it is not possible to resolve a number of organizational problems without clear understanding of the statistical situation. The aim: The paper is aimed at the analysis of the incidence rate of major nosological forms of the acute suppurative inflammations of the maxillofacial area in children for the prospective planning of arrangements to provide them with high-quality specialized care...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764480/a-stepped-approach-for-the-management-of-symptomatic-internal-derangement-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#5
Candan Efeoglu, Aylin Sipahi Calis, Huseyin Koca, Esra Yuksel
BACKGROUND: Internal derangement is the clinical and pathological condition of disc displacement of the temporomandibular joint. Management of these cases involve conservative and surgical treatment options. Minimally invasive surgical procedures namely arthrocentesis and arthroscopy are promising techniques in the management of internal derangement. However patient selection algorithms, indications for minimally invasive procedures and details of the techniques should be further studied for safe and cost effective management of these cases...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747315/-value-of-pet-ct-in-the-prognosis-of-extranodal-nk-t-cell-lymphoma
#6
G H Dong, Y Li, H F Wan, C Y He, L Yang, J W Wang, L P Gong, Y H Zhao, Z F Gao, H G Liu
Objective: To explore the value of Positron-Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) in the prognosis of extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma. Methods: The patients of NK/T cell lymphoma diagnosed from January 2007 to July 2016 in Department of Pathology of Beijing Tongren Hospital were enrolled in this study. Seventy-two in-hospital patients were examined on the invasion of adjecent tissue or organ by PET/CT. The PET/CT results were analyzed retrospectively. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the prognostic value of the positive results by PET/CT on overall survival (OS)...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731561/postoperative-pathologic-assessment-of-surgical-margins-in-oral-cancer-a-contemporary-review
#7
REVIEW
Arpan K Shah
Adequacy of resection margins is of utmost importance for decisions regarding postoperative treatment and prediction of prognosis in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. However, there are differences in opinions about various basic concepts of surgical margins in oral and maxillofacial pathology. Fundamental issues such as concepts of positive or negative surgical margins and impact of epithelial dysplasia at margin require clarification to standardize the practice of postoperative margin surveillance...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706483/introduction-to-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-pathology-focus-issue-on-preneoplastic-oral-epithelial-lesions
#8
EDITORIAL
Paul C Edwards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701199/-concurrent-nodal-and-extranodal-lymphoma-misdiagnosed-as-metastatic-gingival-carcinoma-a-case-report
#9
Wu Zhou, Xieshan Huang, Jingxin Han, Zijia Wang
Early diagnosis of malignant lymphoma is often difficult since the clinical manifestation of the lymphoma occurred in the maxillofacial region is very similar to that of the squamous cell carcinoma. When the pathological diagnosis is not clear, the surgeon is easy to misdiagnose and lead to mistreatment. A patient visited the Affiliated Haikou Hospital of Xiangya School of Medicine, Central South Universily for gingival mass with an ipsilateral submaxillary enlargement. The clinical manifestation and preoperative MRI are very prone to squamous cell carcinoma with metastasis, so we did not take a preoperative pathological examination...
March 28, 2018: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691554/-retrospective-analysis-of-896-cases-of-parotid-gland-tumor
#10
Zhi-Guo Zhao, Dan Gao, Jin Wang, Li-Ping Zhang
PURPOSE: To review the clinical data of patients undergoing operation, in order to summarize the incidence, proportion, clinical examination and diagnostic methods of parotid tumors. METHODS: Eight hundred and ninty-six cases of parotid gland tumors were collected from 2008 January to 2015 July from department of oral and maxillofacial surgery in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University. A retrospective study of the clinical data was carried out, including age, gender, tumor location, diagnostic methods and pathological results...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681480/outcome-of-endodontic-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-the-literature-part-3-comparison-of-endodontic-microsurgical-techniques-with-2-different-root-end-filling-materials
#11
REVIEW
Meetu R Kohli, Homayon Berenji, Frank C Setzer, Su-Min Lee, Bekir Karabucak
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of root-end preparation and filling material on endodontic surgery outcome. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to determine the outcome of resin-based endodontic surgery (RES, the use of high-magnification preparation of a shallow and concave root-end cavity and bonded resin-based root-end filling material) versus endodontic microsurgery (EMS, the use of high-magnification ultrasonic root-end preparation and root-end filling with SuperEBA [Keystone Industries, Gibbstown, NJ], IRM [Dentsply Sirona, York, PA], mineral trioxide aggregate [MTA], or other calcium silicate cements)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678441/acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-lymphoma-of-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-region
#12
Celeste Sánchez-Romero, Hélder Antônio Rebelo Pontes, Flávia Sirotheau Corrêa Pontes, André Caroli Rocha, Román Carlos, Javier C Rendón, Oslei Paes de Almeida, Felipe Paiva Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (ALL/LBL) of the oral and maxillofacial region (OMF). STUDY DESIGN: Cases diagnosed as ALL/LBL of the OMF region were retrieved from the files of 2 Brazilian and 1 Guatemalan oral pathology services from 2005 to 2017. Microscopic and immunohistochemical features of each case were reviewed and fully described, and clinical data were retrieved from the pathology reports...
January 31, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656422/role-of-lactoferrin-and-lactoferrin-derived-peptides-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Kabilan Velliyagounder, Dania Bahdila, Siddhi Pawar, Daniel H Fine
The oral cavity harbors different taxonomic groups, the evolutionary co-existence of which develops the oral ecosystem. These resident microorganisms can alter the balance between the physiologic and pathologic conditions that affect the host, both locally and systemically. This highly sophisticated nature of the oral cavity poses a significant therapeutic challenge. Numerous human and animal studies have been conducted to potentiate the efficacy and competence of current treatments of pathologic conditions as well as to develop novel therapeutic modalities...
April 14, 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629322/oral-pathology-in-forensic-investigation
#14
REVIEW
Thorakkal Shamim
Forensic odontology is the subdiscipline of dentistry which analyses dental evidence in the interest of justice. Oral pathology is the subdiscipline of dentistry that deals with the pathology affecting the oral and maxillofacial regions. This subdiscipline is utilized for identification through oral and maxillofacial pathologies with associated syndromes, enamel rod patterns, sex determination using exfoliative cytology, identification from occlusal morphology of teeth, and deoxyribonucleic acid profiling from teeth...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603711/management-of-a-severe-cervicofacial-odontogenic-infection
#15
Ana Km Tormes, Manoela M De Bortoli, Rui M Júnior, Emanuel Ss Andrade
INTRODUCTION: Odontogenic infections originate from a tooth or from its supporting structures, generally secondary to a pulp necrosis, periodontal disease, pericoronitis, apical lesions, or complications of dental procedures, which can be restricted to the alveolus or can reach the jaws and face through maxillofacial spaces. These are the most common conditions which affect the head and neck regions. AIM: The aim of this study is to report a severe case of a cervicofacial odontogenic infection while discussing the most relevant aspects...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574813/paediatric-oral-maxillofacial-surgery
#16
J M Shand
Children have differences in their physiology, anatomy and they are continuing to grow and develop. The management of pathology, trauma, deformity and upper airway obstruction in the young growing patient has to take into account these factors in the treatment planning for these conditions. It is important for Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons to understand the potential impact of disease or injury on the developing facial skeleton and dentition. This chapter will provide an overview of the some of the major components of paediatric maxillofacial surgery and their management...
March 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563362/difficulties-in-diagnosis-of-sialolithiasis-a-case-series
#17
Svitlana Veniaminivna Kolomiiets, Kristina Oleksandrivna Udaltsova, Tetiana Andriivna Khmil, Alina Mykolaiivna Yelinska, Olena Anatoliivna Pisarenko, Viktoriya Ihorivna Shynkevych
Sialolithiasis is one of the most common and extensively obstructive disorders of the major salivary glands. Here, we report 3 cases of sialolithiasis in the submandibular salivary gland showing symptomatic similarities to other dental and non-dental disorders of the maxillofacial area. How the various clinical features of this condition and findings on 3D-CT may lead to a misdiagnosis are also discussed. In the first case, that of a 45-year-old woman, a final diagnosis of a non-radiopaque submandibular sialolith allowed the initially indicated surgical extraction of a malerupted and semi-impacted right mandibular 3rd molar to be abandoned...
2018: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561950/a-multicenter-study-of-biopsied-oral-and-maxillofacial-lesions-in-a-brazilian-pediatric-population
#18
Leni Verônica de Oliveira Silva, José Alcides Almeida Arruda, Stephanie Joana Martelli, Camila de Nazaré Alves de Oliveira Kato, Laiz Fernanda Mendes Nunes, Ana Carolina Uchoa Vasconcelos, Sandra Beatriz Chaves Tarquinio, Ana Paula Neutzling Gomes, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Ricardo Alves Mesquita, Marcia Maria Fonseca da Silveira, Ana Paula Veras Sobral
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral and maxillofacial lesions among children from representative regions of Brazil. A retrospective descriptive study was conducted. Biopsy records comprising the period from 2000 to 2015 were obtained from the archives of three Brazilian oral pathology referral centers. A total of 32,506 biopsy specimens were analyzed, and specimens from 1,706 children aged 0-12 years were selected. Gender, age, anatomical location and histopathological diagnosis were evaluated...
March 15, 2018: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535965/comparison-of-accuracy-between-panoramic-radiography-cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-ultrasonography-in-detection-of-foreign-bodies-in-the-maxillofacial-region-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Mehrdad Abdinian, Maedeh Aminian, Samad Seyyedkhamesi
Objectives: Foreign bodies (FBs) account for 3.8% of all pathologies of the head and neck region, and approximately one third of them are missed on initial examination. Thus, FBs represent diagnostic challenges to maxillofacial surgeons, rendering it necessary to employ an appropriate imaging modality in suspected cases. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, five different materials, including wood, metal, glass, tooth and stone, were prepared in three sizes (0...
February 2018: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534521/epilepsy-surgery-for-skull-base-temporal-lobe-encephaloceles-should-we-spare-the-hippocampus-from-resection
#20
Firas Bannout, Sheri Harder, Michael Lee, Alexander Zouros, Ravi Raghavan, Travis Fogel, Kenneth De Los Reyes, Travis Losey
The neurosurgical treatment of skull base temporal encephalocele for patients with epilepsy is variable. We describe two adult cases of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with spheno-temporal encephalocele, currently seizure-free for more than two years after anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) and lesionectomy sparing the hippocampus without long-term intracranial electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring. Encephaloceles were detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and confirmed by maxillofacial head computed tomography (CT) scans...
March 12, 2018: Brain Sciences
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