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Inflammatory bowel syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092305/prevalence-and-impact-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-irritable-bowel-syndrome-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-ccfa-partners
#1
Maisa I Abdalla, Robert S Sandler, Michael D Kappelman, Christopher F Martin, Wenli Chen, Kristen Anton, Millie D Long
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients with persistent symptoms despite no or minimal inflammation are frequently described as having an overlap of IBD and irritable bowel syndrome (IBD-IBS). Limited data are available on how IBS impacts the individual patient with IBD. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of IBD-IBS and investigate its impact on patient-reported outcomes. METHOD: We performed a cross-sectional analysis within the CCFA Partners Study...
January 12, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091973/mechanisms-on-spasmolytic-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-of-a%C3%A2-herbal-medicinal-product-consisting-of-myrrh-chamomile-flower-and-coffee-charcoal
#2
Cica Vissiennon, Karl-Heinz Goos, Jürgen Arnhold, Karen Nieber
Inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome are chronic gastrointestinal disorders which are associated with a lifelong therapeutic need. The disease results in physical, psychological, and social problems with an impact on partnership, sexuality, education, and career. Thus, the number of patients and health care professionals relying on traditional and complementary medicines and especially phytotherapy for the treatment of these chronic conditions is increasing over recent years. One traditional herbal medicinal product consisting of chamomile flower, myrrh, and coffee charcoal has been widely used in clinical practice within this indication area...
January 13, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079624/damage-of-the-mucus-layer-the-possible-shared-critical-common-cause-for-both-inflammatory-bowel-disease-ibd-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs
#3
Xiaofa Qin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078997/lipoprotein-a-and-cardiovascular-risk-the-show-must-go-on
#4
Niki Katsiki, Khalid Al-Rasadi, Dimitri P Mikhailidis
Lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)] is an independent but moderate, predictor for coronary heart disease (CHD) prevalence and severity. Several established and emerging cardiovascular (CV) risk factors including age, gender, ethnicity, smoking, dyslipidemia, hypertension, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, alcohol consumption, arterial stiffness and hyperuricemia have been linked to Lp(a) metabolism. Apart from CHD, Lp(a) has been also associated with non-cardiac vascular diseases and diseases associated with increased CV risk such as chronic kidney disease, metabolic syndrome, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, erectile dysfunction, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, inflammatory bowel diseases and human immunodeficiency virus infection...
January 12, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078206/infectious-atopic-and-inflammatory-diseases-childhood-adversities-and-familial-aggregation-are-independently-associated-with-the-risk-for-mental-disorders-results-from-a-large-swiss-epidemiological-study
#5
Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross, Aleksandra Aleksandrowicz, Stephanie Rodgers, Margot Mutsch, Anja Tesic, Mario Müller, Wolfram Kawohl, Wulf Rössler, Erich Seifritz, Enrique Castelao, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Caroline Vandeleur, Roland von Känel, Rosa Paolicelli, Markus A Landolt, Cornelia Witthauer, Roselind Lieb, Martin Preisig
AIM: To examine the associations between mental disorders and infectious, atopic, inflammatory diseases while adjusting for other risk factors. METHODS: We used data from PsyCoLaus, a large Swiss Population Cohort Study (n = 3720; age range 35-66). Lifetime diagnoses of mental disorders were grouped into the following categories: Neurodevelopmental, anxiety (early and late onset), mood and substance disorders. They were regressed on infectious, atopic and other inflammatory diseases adjusting for sex, educational level, familial aggregation, childhood adversities and traumatic experiences in childhood...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068788/a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-lactobacillus-helveticus-and-bifidobacterium-longum-for-the-symptoms-of-depression
#6
Amy R Romijn, Julia J Rucklidge, Roeline G Kuijer, Chris Frampton
OBJECTIVES: This trial investigated whether probiotics improved mood, stress and anxiety in a sample selected for low mood. We also tested whether the presence or severity of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms, and levels of proinflammatory cytokines, brain-derived neurotrophic factor and other blood markers, would predict or impact treatment response. METHOD: Seventy-nine participants (10 dropouts) not currently taking psychotropic medications with at least moderate scores on self-report mood measures were randomly allocated to receive either a probiotic preparation (containing Lactobacillus helveticus and Bifidobacterium longum) or a matched placebo, in a double-blind trial for 8 weeks...
January 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067588/health-benefits-of-fiber-fermentation
#7
Wendy J Dahl, Nicole C Agro, Åsa M Eliasson, Kaley L Mialki, Joseph D Olivera, Carley T Rusch, Carly N Young
Although fiber is well recognized for its effect on laxation, increasing evidence supports the role of fiber in the prevention and treatment of chronic disease. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the health benefits of fiber and its fermentation, and describe how the products of fermentation may influence disease risk and treatment. Higher fiber intakes are associated with decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and some forms of cancer. Fiber may also have a role in lowering blood pressure and in preventing obesity by limiting weight gain...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061847/role-of-intestinal-microbiota-and-metabolites-on-gut-homeostasis-and-human-diseases
#8
REVIEW
Lan Lin, Jianqiong Zhang
BACKGROUND: A vast diversity of microbes colonizes in the human gastrointestinal tract, referred to intestinal microbiota. Microbiota and products thereof are indispensable for shaping the development and function of host innate immune system, thereby exerting multifaceted impacts in gut health. METHODS: This paper reviews the effects on immunity of gut microbe-derived nucleic acids, and gut microbial metabolites, as well as the involvement of commensals in the gut homeostasis...
January 6, 2017: BMC Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058009/visceral-hypersensitivity-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome-the-role-of-proteases
#9
REVIEW
Hannah Ceuleers, Hanne Van Spaendonk, Nikita Hanning, Jelena Heirbaut, Anne-Marie Lambeir, Jurgen Joossens, Koen Augustyns, Joris G De Man, Ingrid De Meester, Benedicte Y De Winter
Proteases, enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of peptide bonds, are present at high concentrations in the gastrointestinal tract. Besides their well-known role in the digestive process, they also function as signaling molecules through the activation of protease-activated receptors (PARs). Based on their chemical mechanism for catalysis, proteases can be classified into several classes: serine, cysteine, aspartic, metallo- and threonine proteases represent the mammalian protease families. In particular, the class of serine proteases will play a significant role in this review...
December 21, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053879/lysozyme-association-with-circulating-rna-extracellular-vesicles-and-chronic-stress
#10
Sarah K Abey, Yuana Yuana, Paule V Joseph, Natnael D Kenea, Nicolaas H Fourie, LeeAnne B Sherwin, Gregory E Gonye, Paul A Smyser, Erin S Stempinski, Christina M Boulineaux, Kristen R Weaver, Christopher K E Bleck, Wendy A Henderson
BACKGROUND: Stress has demonstrated effects on inflammation though underlying cell-cell communication mechanisms remain unclear. We hypothesize that circulating RNAs and extracellular vesicles (EVs) in patients with chronic stress contain signals with functional roles in cell repair. METHODS: Blood transcriptome from patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome versus controls were compared to identify signaling pathways and effectors. Plasma EVs were isolated (size-exclusion chromatography) and characterized for effectors' presence (immunogold labelling-electron microscopy)...
June 2017: BBA Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035549/prevalence-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Ikuko Takahara, Fuminao Takeshima, Tatsuki Ichikawa, Toshihisa Matsuzaki, Hidetaka Shibata, Satoshi Miuma, Yuko Akazawa, Hisamitsu Miyaaki, Naota Taura, Kazuhiko Nakao
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There has been increased interest in sleep disorders in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Studies in North America and Europe reported that the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) is much higher in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) than in the general population. The aim of this study was to reveal the prevalence and clinical features of RLS in Japanese patients with IBD and investigate the influence of RLS on sleep quality and quality of life (QOL)...
December 29, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028368/nodular-lymphoid-hyperplasia-a-marker-of-low-grade-inflammation-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#12
Anna Chiara Piscaglia, Lucrezia Laterza, Valentina Cesario, Viviana Gerardi, Rosario Landi, Loris Riccardo Lopetuso, Giovanni Calò, Giovanna Fabbretti, Massimo Brisigotti, Maria Loredana Stefanelli, Antonio Gasbarrini
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (NLH) in adult patients undergoing colonoscopy and its association with known diseases. METHODS: We selected all cases showing NLH at colonoscopy in a three-year timeframe, and stratified them into symptomatic patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-type symptoms or suspected inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and asymptomatic individuals undergoing endoscopy for colorectal cancer screening. Data collection included medical history and final diagnosis...
December 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027214/ibd-like-features-in-syndromic-diarrhea-trichohepatoenteric-syndrome
#13
Veronica B Busoni, Julie Lemale, Beatrice Dubern, Fernando Frangi, Patrice Bourgeois, Marina Orsi, Catherine Badens, Alexandre Fabre
BACKGROUND: Very early onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEOIBD) (inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] before 6 years of age) may manifest as a monogenic disease affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Syndromic diarrhea/trichohepatoenteric syndrome (SD/THE), a rare disorder caused by alteration of a complex involved in RNA degradation, has been reported to present with some degree of colitis and in some cases an IBD-like presentation. METHODS: We reviewed clinical and biological data of 4 previously published cases and added detailed data of 2 new cases of SD/THE with an IBD-like presentation...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024986/the-natural-history-of-diminutive-and-small-colorectal-polyps-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Jasper L A Vleugels, Yark Hazewinkel, Paul Fockens, Evelien Dekker
BACKGROUND: Diminutive (1-5 mm) and small (6-9 mm) polyps comprise 90% of detected lesions during colonoscopy and rarely contain advanced histology or colorectal cancer (CRC). Routine removal of these lesions results in a significant burden to colonoscopy programs. At the same time, the risk for progression of these polyps to CRC is unclear. We performed a systematic review to explore the natural history of diminutive and small colorectal polyps. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for studies investigating the natural history of colorectal polyps...
December 23, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018589/a-case-report-of-small-bowel-perforation-secondary-to-cytomegalovirus-related-immune-reconstitution-inflammatory-syndrome-in-an-aids-patient
#15
Eva María Gutiérrez-Delgado, Hiram Villanueva-Lozano, Miguel J García Rojas-Acosta, Ivett C Miranda-Maldonado, Javier Ramos-Jiménez
Non-traumatic small bowel perforation is rare in adults but carries a high morbidity and mortality. The diagnosis is made on clinical suspicion, and the most common causes in developing countries are infectious diseases, being cytomegalovirus infection in immunocompromised patients the main etiology. We describe a patient with a recently diagnosed advanced stage HIV infection and an intestinal perforation associated with cytomegalovirus immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome after highly active antiretroviral therapy initiation...
January 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008786/a-probiotic-combination-attenuates-experimental-colitis-through-inhibition-of-innate-cytokine-production
#16
M S Kim, J S Byun, Y S Yoon, D Y Yum, M J Chung, J C Lee
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a severe immune cell-mediated syndrome characterised by extensive inflammatory and effector mucosal responses leading to tissue destruction in the colon and small intestine. The leading hypothesis is that dysbiosis of the gut flora causes an excessive immune response and inflammation in the gastrointestinal track. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can correct dysbiosis of the normal microbiota. In the current study, the therapeutic potential of seven LAB strains in combination to treat IBD was evaluated using experimental colitis model...
December 23, 2016: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002536/a-case-of-sweet-s-syndrome-associated-with-uveitis-in-a-young-male-with-ulcerative-colitis
#17
Ligia Ariana Bancu, Corina Ureche, Nicoleta Maria Crăciun, Dorin Marian
Sweet's syndrome is rare acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis whose onset is either idiopathic or associated with other underlying conditions, such as infections, autoimmune diseases, pregnancy, use of certain medications, or malignancy. We report the case of a young male with known history of ulcerative colitis and abrupt onset of high fever, malaise, blurred vision and eruption of painful erythematous nodules and papules, localized on the head, neck, trunk and upper limbs. Ophthalmological examination established the diagnosis of anterior uveitis...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000477/probiotic-effectiveness-nutrition-in-cancer-treatment-and-prevention
#18
Débora Mara Kich, Angélica Vincenzi, Fernanda Majolo, Claucia Fernanda Volken de Souza, Márcia Inês Goettert
Among the neoplasias, colorectal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in men and women. The increasing incidence of this type of cancer is due to the increase in the population's life expectancy, by the increase in chronic inflammatory bowel diseases, primarily ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, and the change in eating habits. The American Cancer Society (2011) shows that diet might be responsible for approximately 30% of cancer cases in developed countries, moreover when considering only colorectal cancer, the number can reach 30% to 50%...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999087/selye-s-general-adaptation-syndrome-stress-induced-gastro-duodenal-ulceration-and-ibd
#19
George Fink
Hans Selye in a note to Nature in 1936 initiated the field of stress research by showing that rats exposed to nocuous stimuli responded by way of a "general adaptation syndrome" (GAS). One of the main features of the GAS was the "formation of acute erosions in the digestive tract, particularly in the stomach, small intestine and appendix". This provided experimental evidence for the view based on clinical data that gastro-duodenal (peptic) ulcers could be caused by stress. This hypothesis was challenged by Marshall and Warren's Nobel-prize (2005) winning discovery of a causal association between Helicobacter pylori and peptic ulcers...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990120/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-their-derivatives-therapeutic-value-for-inflammatory-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-colorectal-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Arkadiusz Michalak, Paula Mosińska, Jakub Fichna
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are bioactive lipids which modulate inflammation and immunity. They gained recognition in nutritional therapy and are recommended dietary supplements. There is a growing body of evidence suggesting the usefulness of PUFAs in active therapy of various gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. In this review we briefly cover the systematics of PUFAs and their metabolites, and elaborate on their possible use in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) with focus on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and colorectal cancer (CRC)...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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