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Inflammatory bowel syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811706/therapeutic-potential-of-flavonoids-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-comprehensive-review
#1
REVIEW
Ali Salaritabar, Behrad Darvishi, Farzaneh Hadjiakhoondi, Azadeh Manayi, Antoni Sureda, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Leo R Fitzpatrick, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Anupam Bishayee
The inflammatory process plays a central role in the development and progression of numerous pathological situations, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), autoimmune and neurodegenerative diseases, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disorders. IBDs involve inflammation of the gastrointestinal area and mainly comprise Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Both pathological situations usually involve recurring or bloody diarrhea, pain, fatigue and weight loss. There is at present no pharmacological cure for CD or UC...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806140/adherent-invasive-e-coli-enhances-colonic-hypersensitivity-and-p2x-receptors-expression-during-post-infectious-period
#2
Amandine Lashermes, Ludivine Boudieu, Julie Barbier, Benoit Sion, Agathe Gelot, Nicolas Barnich, Denis Ardid, Frédéric Antonio Carvalho
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) are related gastrointestinal disorders characterized by abdominal pain associated with colonic hypersensitivity (CHS). Studies in humans have reported an abnormal colonization of Adherent-Invasive E. coli (AIEC) in the ileum of Crohn's disease (CD) patients associated with overexpression of the bacterial colonizing receptor CEACAM6. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether AIEC reference strain LF82 could induce intestinal impairment during infectious and/or post-infectious periods and subsequently the development of CHS...
August 14, 2017: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805460/case-study-of-homeopathic-bowel-nosode-remedies-for-dysbiotic-japanese-patients
#3
Yoko Uchiyama-Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The composition of intestinal microbiota is very important in human health. Gastrointestinal disturbances are among the symptoms commonly reported by individuals diagnosed with chronic diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease, autism, and chronic fatigue syndrome. The effects of probiotics and prebiotics for dysbiosis have been reported in many studies. Bowel nosodes are homeopathic remedies made from human gut microbiota. OBJECTIVE: Bowel nosodes made from the intestinal bacteria of European patients from the 1900s were administered to Japanese patients suffering from gastrointestinal disturbances, such as constipation and diarrhea, to determine their therapeutic efficacy...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802472/complementary-and-integrative-gastroenterology
#4
REVIEW
Joshua Korzenik, Anna K Koch, Jost Langhorst
Complementary and integrative medicine is developing within gastroenterology, expanding options particularly for inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and reflux esophagitis. This article encompasses new developments in complementary integrative medicine with an emphasis on herbal therapies. Studies of potential therapies have been advancing with increasing sophistication. The best studied with the most promising results in ulcerative colitis is the use of curcumin both for the induction and maintenance of remission...
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800668/-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-risk-stratification-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-pregnancy-and-the-puerperium
#5
Panagiotis Tsikouras, Georg-Friedrich von Tempelhoff, Werner Rath
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a leading cause of direct maternal deaths in the developed countries. The incidence of VTE has increased significantly during the past two decades. The absolute risk of VTE is estimated 0.6-2.2 per 1000 deliveries. Compared with age-matched non-pregnant women, the daily risk of VTE is increased 7- to 10-fold for antepartum VTE, but it is 15- to 35-fold for postpartum VTE. The incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) during the first 6 weeks postpartum is nearly 15-fold higher compared to the incidence in pregnancy, and remains significantly increased up to 12 weeks postpartum...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798906/cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis
#6
REVIEW
Rebecca Ichord
Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare but serious cerebrovascular disorder affecting children from the newborn period through childhood and adolescence. The incidence is estimated at 0.6/100,000/year, with 30-50% occurring in newborns. Causes are diverse and are highly age dependent. Acute systemic illness is the dominant risk factor among newborns. In childhood CSVT, acute infections of the head and neck such as mastoiditis are most common, followed by chronic underlying diseases such as nephrotic syndrome, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796920/recommendations-for-the-management-of-comorbidity-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#7
E Dauden, P Lazaro, M D Aguilar, A J Blasco, C Suarez, I Marin, R Queiro, J Bassas-Vila, A Martorell, J García-Campayo
BACKGROUND: The association between hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and some diseases is becoming relevant in recent years. Providing appropriate management of HS from an early stage requires to include prompt diagnosis and treatment of concomitant diseases and to prevent any potential comorbidity. This approach should consider the adverse events of the drugs used to treat HS potentially related to the onset of a comorbidity. OBJECTIVE: To provide the dermatologist with an accurate, easily used tool that will inform the diagnosis of HS comorbidity, and to facilitate decision-making regarding the referral and treatment of patient with HS-associated comorbidity...
August 10, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783205/successful-treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-with-ground-ledipasvir-sofosbuvir-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease-and-short-bowel-syndrome
#8
Johann von Felden, Christoph Scheurich, Jin Yamamura, Diana M Brainard, Erik Mogalian, Ansgar W Lohse, Julian Schulze-Zur-Wiesch
We read the comprehensive review by Gitto et al. entitled 'NS5A inhibitors for the treatment of hepatitis C infection' (CHC) with great interest (1). Indeed, the development of direct acting antivirals (DAAs) now enables successful treatment of formerly difficult-to-treat patient populations (e.g. cirrhosis or chronic kidney disease). However, little is known about the use of DAAs in patients with short bowel syndrome, e.g. following inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), because these patients are yet excluded from clinical trials (2)...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783162/classification-of-common-human-diseases-derived-from-shared-genetic-and-environmental-determinants
#9
Kanix Wang, Hallie Gaitsch, Hoifung Poon, Nancy J Cox, Andrey Rzhetsky
In this study, we used insurance claims for over one-third of the entire US population to create a subset of 128,989 families (481,657 unique individuals). We then used these data to (i) estimate the heritability and familial environmental patterns of 149 diseases and (ii) infer the genetic and environmental correlations for disease pairs from a set of 29 complex diseases. The majority (52 of 65) of our study's heritability estimates matched earlier reports, and 84 of our estimates appear to have been obtained for the first time...
August 7, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782197/early-life-adversity-epigenetics-and-visceral-hypersensitivity
#10
REVIEW
S Liu, S I Hagiwara, A Bhargava
Abdominal pain is associated with many gastrointestinal dysfunctions, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional dyspepsia, and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Visceral hypersensitivity is a key reason for development of abdominal pain that presents in these gastrointestinal disorders/diseases. The pathogenesis of visceral hypersensitivity is complex and still far from being fully understood. In animal studies, visceral hypersensitivity has been linked to several early-life adverse (ELA) events. In humans, IBD, functional dyspepsia, and IBS can have adult onset, though the adverse events that lead to visceral hypersensitivity are largely uncharacterized...
September 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777367/-antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-and-sedative-effects-of-melatonin-results-of-clinical-trials
#11
REVIEW
D I Burchakov, Yu B Uspenskaya
A literature review of clinical trials and systematic reviews on the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of melatonin is presented. The results of animal studies and recent publications on the effects of melatonin in humans are summarized. Melatonin protects the cardiovascular system from destructive effects of ischemia/reperfusion, when the drug has been timely administered, has a neuroprotective effect in newborns with asphyxia. It is an effective drug in complex treatment of irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel diseases (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774868/role-of-g-protein-coupled-receptors-microrna-interactions-in-gastrointestinal-pathophysiology
#12
Ivy Ka Man Law, David Miguel Padua, Dimitrios Ilopoulos, Charalabos Pothoulakis
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) make up the largest transmembrane receptor superfamily in the human genome and are expressed in nearly all gastrointestinal (GI) cell types. Coupling of GPCRs and their respective ligands activates various phosphotransferase in the cytoplasm, and thus, activation of GPCR signaling in intestine regulates many cellular and physiological processes. Studies in microRNAs (miRNAs) demonstrate that they represent critical epigenetic regulators of different pathophysiologic responses in different organs and cell types in humans and animals...
August 3, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774781/estrogen-signaling-deregulation-related-with-local-immune-response-modulation-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#13
REVIEW
Damian Jacenik, Adam I Cygankiewicz, Jakub Fichna, Anna Mokrowiecka, Ewa Małecka-Panas, Wanda M Krajewska
The etiology and pathogenesis underlying irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a common gastrointestinal disorder are still unclear. Cumulating data suggest dysregulation of inflammatory and immune response pathways and changes of epithelial barrier function. The role of estrogens albeit varied, in responses of immune system is well documented. The aim of this study was to investigate estrogen receptors engagment in IBS subtypes, i.e. constipation predominant (IBS-C) and diarrhea predominant (IBS-D). Furthermore, we analyzed whether estrogen signaling is accompanied by alteration in expression of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and microRNAs that can regulate among others genes involved in immune responses...
July 31, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765701/levels-and-activities-of-von-willebrand-factor-and-metalloproteinase-with-thrombospondin-type-1-motif-number-13-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#14
Dorota Cibor, Danuta Owczarek, Saulius Butenas, Kinga Salapa, Tomasz Mach, Anetta Undas
AIM: To evaluate the levels of von Willebrand factor (VWF) and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type-1 motif, number 13 (ADAMTS13) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and correlate them with the disease activity. METHODS: Consecutive patients with IBD aged 18 years or older were enrolled in the study. Forty-seven patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), 38 with Crohn's disease (CD), and 50 healthy controls were included. The white blood cell count, haematocrit, platelet count, fibrinogen, partial activated thromboplastin time, C-reactive protein, albumin, VWF antigen level (VWF:Ag), VWF ristocetin cofactor activity (VWF:RCo), VWF collagen-binding activity (VWF:CB), and ADAMTS13 antigen level (ADAMTS13:Ag) and activity (ADAMTS13act) were measured...
July 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752373/skin-manifestations-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-and-spondyloarthritides
#15
REVIEW
Carolyn Jean Chua-Aguilera, Burkhard Möller, Nikhil Yawalkar
Extra-articular manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and various spondyloarthritides including psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease-associated spondyloarthritis often involve the skin and may occur before or after diagnosis of these rheumatic diseases. Cutaneous manifestations encompass a wide range of reactions that may have a notable negative impact not only on the physical but especially on the emotional and psychosocial well-being of these patients...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737507/leukotrienes-and-sex-strange-bedfellows
#16
Lewis J Smith
Leukotrienes are proinflammatory lipid mediators that have been shown to be upregulated in several diseases, including asthma, aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD), inflammatory bowel disease, and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Leukotrienes have been explored as therapeutic targets for these diseases and others; however, leukotriene inhibitors have had limited success in the clinic. There are noted differences in the incidence of leukotriene-mediated diseases in males and females, but sex as a factor in the response to leukotriene inhibitors has not been fully explored...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735301/effect-of-faecal-calprotectin-assay-variability-on-the-management-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-potential-role-of-faecal-s100a12
#17
Simon John Whitehead, Clare Ford, Rousseau Mariano Gama, Ala Ali, Brian McKaig, Jenna Louise Waldron, Helen Steed, Matthew James Brookes
AIMS: To prospectively evaluate whether between-assay variability of different faecal calprotectin (f-Cp) assays influences diagnostic accuracy for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in a cohort of patients with confirmed IBD and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). To also evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of faecal S100A12 (f-S100A12) against f-Cp in the same patient cohort and assess whether f-S100A12 offers additional diagnostic value. METHODS: F-Cp using four commercially available f-Cp assays, f-S100A12 and blood biomarkers were measured in patients, recruited from the local IBD clinic, who had established IBS or active ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD)...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732069/saccharomyces-boulardii-cncm-i-745-supplementation-reduces-gastrointestinal-dysfunction-in-an-animal-model-of-ibs
#18
Paola Brun, Melania Scarpa, Chiara Marchiori, Gloria Sarasin, Valentina Caputi, Andrea Porzionato, Maria Cecilia Giron, Giorgio Palù, Ignazio Castagliuolo
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effect of Saccharomyces boulardii CNCM I-745 on intestinal neuromuscular anomalies in an IBS-type mouse model of gastrointestinal motor dysfunctions elicited by Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV-1) exposure. METHODS: Mice were inoculated intranasally with HSV-1 (102 PFU) or vehicle at time 0 and 4 weeks later by the intragastric (IG) route (108 PFU). Six weeks after IG inoculum, mice were randomly allocated to receive oral gavage with either S...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724171/beta-glucan-inositol-and-digestive-enzymes-improve-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#19
R Spagnuolo, C Cosco, R M Mancina, G Ruggiero, P Garieri, V Cosco, P Doldo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a mixture of beta-glucan, inositol and digestive enzymes in improving gastrointestinal symptoms in patients affected by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted at the IBD Unit of the University of Catanzaro. Forty-three IBD patients with IBS symptoms were included in the study. IBD diagnosis was performed by clinical, endoscopic, histological and radiological criteria...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723981/intestinal-microbiota-in-digestive-diseases
#20
Maria do Carmo Friche Passos, Joaquim Prado Moraes-Filho
BACKGROUND: In recent years, especially after the development of sophisticated metagenomic studies, research on the intestinal microbiota has increased, radically transforming our knowledge about the microbiome and its association with health maintenance and disease development in humans. Increasing evidence has shown that a permanent alteration in microbiota composition or function (dysbiosis) can alter immune responses, metabolism, intestinal permeability, and digestive motility, thereby promoting a proinflammatory state...
July 6, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
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