keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

IGF-1R

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440508/expression-levels-of-microrna%C3%A2-455-and-its-potential-functions-by-targeting-igf%C3%A2-1r-in-melanoma
#1
Hui Wang, Liang Yu, Xiujuan Shan
Melanoma has the highest fatality and malignancy of all skin cancers. In cancer, microRNAs (miRNAs) act as tumor suppressors or oncogenes, and inactivation of oncogenic miRNAs or restoration of tumor suppressor miRNAs has potential for cancer treatment. In the present study, miR‑455 expression levels were examined in melanoma tissues and cell lines, and miR‑455 was significantly downregulated in melanoma compared with matched normal tissues or normal epidermal melanocytes. In addition, increasing miR‑455 expression in melanoma cells reduced cell proliferation and invasion...
April 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440057/overcoming-linsitinib-intrinsic-resistance-through-inhibition-of-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#2
Junzhou Wu, Kaiyan Chen, Fanrong Zhang, Jiaoyue Jin, Nan Zhang, Dan Li, Lisha Ying, Wei Chen, Herbert Yu, Weimin Mao, Dan Su
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) inhibitor Linsitinib, in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and to characterize special biomarker to screen Linsitinib-sensitive patients as well as explore the molecular-resistant mechanism to Linsitinib in ESCC. Our study evaluated the sensitivity of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) inhibitor, Linsitinib in ESCC cells with MTT assay. After Linsitinib treatment, the expressions of downstream signaling molecules and apoptosis pathways were measured by western blot...
April 24, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438613/stress-altered-synaptic-plasticity-and-damp-signaling-in-the-hippocampus-pfc-axis-elucidating-the-significance-of-igf-1-igf-1r-camkii%C3%AE-expression-in-neural-changes-associated-with-a-prolonged-exposure-therapy
#3
Olalekan M Ogundele, Philip J Ebenezer, Charles C Lee, Joseph Francis
Traumatic stress patients showed significant improvement in behavior after a prolonged exposure to an unrelated stimulus. This treatment method attempts to promote extinction of the fear memory associated with the initial traumatic experience. However, the subsequent prolonged exposure to such stimulus creates an additional layer of neural stress. Although the mechanism remains unclear, prolonged exposure therapy (PET) likely involve changes in synaptic plasticity, neurotransmitter function and inflammation; especially in parts of the brain concerned with the formation and retrieval of fear memory (Hippocampus and Prefrontal Cortex: PFC)...
April 21, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437555/polymorphisms-of-alui-and-hin1i-loci-of-the-igf-1r-gene-and-their-genetic-effects-on-growth-traits-in-bian-chickens
#4
P F Wu, D Wang, C F Jin, X Q Zhang, H Q Wu, L Zhang, F X Ding, K Z Xie, G X Zhang
Growth traits are important economic traits in broiler chicken production. AluI and Hin1I loci are two restriction sites, which are respectively located in exons 2 and 3 of the IGF-1R gene. These two loci are significantly related to the growth traits in Jinghai Yellow chickens. In this study, a correlation analysis was performed between these two loci and the growth traits of Bian chickens. The results showed a G376A mutation at the AluI site and a C919A mutation at the Hin1I site, which respectively resulted in three genotypes AA, AB, and BB in exon 2 and three genotypes CC, CD, and DD in exon 3...
April 20, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435295/silencing-cdr1as-inhibits-colorectal-cancer-progression-through-regulating-microrna-7
#5
Wentao Tang, Meiling Ji, Guodong He, Liangliang Yang, Zhengchuan Niu, Mi Jian, Ye Wei, Li Ren, Jianmin Xu
An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) can regulate gene expression through interacting with microRNAs. In this study, we analyzed the expression of antisense to CDR1as in colorectal cancer (CRC). CDR1as had a higher expression in CRC tissues compared to adjacent, normal mucosa and was positively associated with tumor size, T stage, lymph node metastasis, and poor overall survival (OS). Downregulation of CDR1as suppressed CRC cell proliferation and invasion and increased microRNA-7 (miR-7) expression...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433634/dual-sphingosine-kinase-inhibitor-ski-ii-enhances-sensitivity-to-5-fluorouracil-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-via-suppression-of-osteopontin-and-fak-igf-1r-signalling
#6
Petra Grbčić, Ivana Tomljanović, Marko Klobučar, Sandra Kraljević Pavelić, Ksenija Lučin, Mirela Sedić
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths globally. Although 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is used as the first choice treatment for advanced HCC, it exerts poor efficacy and is associated with acquired and intrinsic resistance. Sphingosine kinases (Sphk) 1 and 2 play tumour-promoting roles in different cancer types including HCC and thus represent promising pharmacological targets. In the present study, we have investigated for the first time the anticancer efficacy and underlying molecular mechanisms of combined administration of 5-FU and dual Sphk1/Sphk2 inhibitor SKI-II (4-[[4-(4-chlorophenyl)-1,3-thiazol-2-yl]amino]phenol) in HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells...
April 19, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427228/mir-29a-regulated-er-positive-breast-cancer-cell-growth-and-invasion-and-is-involved-in-the-insulin-signaling-pathway
#7
Zhi-Hua Li, Qiu-Yun Xiong, Liang Xu, Peng Duan, Qianwen Ou Yang, Ping Zhou, Jian-Hong Tu
Increasing amounts of evidence show that insulin can activate different insulin signaling pathways to promote breast cancer growth and invasion. miR-29a plays crucial roles in decreasing glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, as well as in regulating breast cancer cell proliferation and EMT. However, the mechanism responsible for the regulatory effects of miR-29a on breast cancer growth and invasion and the relationship between these effects and insulin signaling remains unclear. Herein, we showed that human insulin increased miR-29a expression in ER-positive breast cancer cells and that miR-29a facilitated the ability of insulin to promote breast cancer cell proliferation and migration...
March 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427155/update-of-igf-1-receptor-inhibitor-ganitumab-dalotuzumab-cixutumumab-teprotumumab-and-figitumumab-effects-on-cancer-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Xiao Qu, Zhinan Wu, Wei Dong, Tiehong Zhang, Liguang Wang, Zhaofei Pang, Wei Ma, Jiajun Du
BACKGROUND: Prognostic studies of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor(IGF-1R) inhibitors in cancer therapy had promising results in infratests, which exhibited that IGF-1R signalling was crucial in cancer cells growth. However, the conclusion of later clinical trials revealed a dim future for IGF-1R inhibitors to treat cancer. We conducted this analysis to figure out how IGF-1R inhibitors acted in clinical cancer therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We searched up-to-date studies about the single agent of IGF-1R inhibitors or combination with other therapies in solid tumor...
February 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414818/tgf%C3%AE-smad3-regulates-proliferation-and-apoptosis-through-irs-1-inhibition-in-colon-cancer-cells
#9
Katie L Bailey, Ekta Agarwal, Sanjib Chowdhury, Jiangtao Luo, Michael G Brattain, Jennifer D Black, Jing Wang
In this study, we have uncovered a novel crosstalk between TGFβ and IGF-1R signaling pathways. We show for the first time that expression and activation of IRS-1, an IGF-1R adaptor protein, is decreased by TGFβ/Smad3 signaling. Loss or attenuation of TGFβ activation leads to elevated expression and phosphorylation of IRS-1 in colon cancer cells, resulting in enhanced cell proliferation, decreased apoptosis and increased tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. Downregulation of IRS-1 expression reversed Smad3 knockdown-mediated oncogenic phenotypes, indicating that TGFβ/Smad3 signaling inhibits cell proliferation and increases apoptosis at least partially through the inhibition of IRS-1 expression and activation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414146/tissue-distribution-of-a-therapeutic-monoclonal-antibody-determined-by-large-pore-microdialysis
#10
Satyawan B Jadhav, Vipada Khaowroongrueng, Matthias Fueth, Michael B Otteneder, Wolfgang Richter, Hartmut Derendorf
Therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) exhibit limited distribution to the target tissues. Determination of target tissue interstitial concentration of mAbs is an important aspect in the assessment of their pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) relationship especially for mAbs targeting membrane bound receptors. The pharmacokinetics of R7072, a full length mAb (IgG) targeting human insulin like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) was evaluated following a single intravenous (IV) dose at 1, 6.25 and 25 mg/kg in healthy female SCID-beige mice...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413517/isoflurane-anesthesia-induces-liver-injury-by-regulating-the-expression-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1
#11
Yingxian Zhu, Xiaoyu Xiao, Guowei Li, Juyuan Bu, Wenying Zhou, Shaopeng Zhou
It has been suggested that isoflurane may cause perioperative liver injury. However, the mechanism of its action remains unknown. The purpose of the present study was to determine this possible mechanism. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into one of three groups (all n=12): Control group (exposed to mock anesthesia), isoflurane group (exposed to 2% isoflurane for 90 min), and isoflurane + insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) group (exposed to 2% isoflurane for 90 min and then treated with IGF-1). Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blotting were conducted to determine the levels of expression of IGF-1 and its receptor IGF-R...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407838/-effects-of-maternal-folate-deficiency-on-the-methylation-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-system-in-the-offspring-rats
#12
Meng-Meng Wu, Fan Yang, Yi Qu, De-Zhi Mu
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of maternal folate deficiency on fetal growth and development and the methylation profiles of insulin-like growth factor system in the offspring rats. METHODS: Twenty-two Sprague-Dawley female rats were randomly assigned to two groups: a folate deficient group (n=12) and a control group (n=10). They were fed with folate deficient and normal diet respectively. Dams were mated after 2 weeks of feeding. Eight female rats from each group were pregnant...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394654/inhibiting-igf-1r-attenuates-cell-proliferation-and-vegf-production-in-igf-1r-over-expressing-egfr-mutant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#13
Chang Dong Yeo, Young Ae Kim, Hwa Young Lee, Jin Woo Kim, Sang Haak Lee, Seung Joon Kim, Soon Seog Kwon, Yong Hyun Kim, Seok Chan Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to demonstrate the role of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in IGF-1R expressed epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human lung adenocarcinoma PC9, HCC827, and H1975 cells were exposed to a combination of IGF-1, gefitinib, or linsitinib. Cell viability was assessed by the MTT assay. The expression of EGFR, IGF-1R, AKT, extracellular regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), cleaved poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP), cleaved caspase 3, and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α were measured by Western blot...
February 2017: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382169/integration-of-receptor-tyrosine-kinases-determines-sensitivity-to-pi3k%C3%AE-selective-inhibitors-in-breast-cancer
#14
Yi-Chao Xu, Xiang Wang, Yi Chen, Si-Meng Chen, Xin-Ying Yang, Yi-Ming Sun, Mei-Yu Geng, Jian Ding, Ling-Hua Meng
PI3Kα-selective inhibitor BYL719 is currently in phase II/III clinical trial for the treatment of breast cancer, but highly variable response has been observed among patients. We sought to discover predictive biomarker for the efficacy of BYL719 by dissecting the proliferative signaling pathway mediated by PI3K in breast cancer. BYL719 concurrently inhibited the phosphorylation of AKT and ERK in PIK3CA-mutated human breast cancer cells. PI3K-regulated ERK phosphorylation was independent of canonical PDK1/AKT/mTOR pathway, while it was associated with RAF/MEK...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369940/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-the-igf-irs-pathway-are-associated-with-outcome-in-mcrc-patients-enrolled-in-the-fire-3-trial
#15
Marta Schirripa, Wu Zhang, Volker Heinemann, Shu Cao, Satoshi Okazaki, Dongyun Yang, Fotios Loupakis, Martin D Berger, Yan Ning, Yuji Miyamoto, Mitsukuni Suenaga, Roel F Gopez, Jordan D West, Diana Hanna, Afsaneh Barzi, Alfredo Falcone, Sebastian Stintzing, Heinz-Josef Lenz
The Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)/IGF-receptor pathway with its scaffolding proteins Insulin Receptor Substrate (IRS)1 and IRS2 are crucial regulators of metabolism and progression in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). The goal of the study was the identification of predictive and prognostic markers among IRS1, IRS2, IGF1 and IGF-1R SNPs in mCRC patients enrolled in the FIRE-3 trial. Four SNPs of IRS (IRS1 rs1801278, rs1801123; IRS2 rs1805097, rs2289046) and 4 SNPs of IGF1-IGFR1 (rs6214, rs6220, rs2946834, rs2016347) were analyzed by PCR/direct-sequencing in the FIRE-3 trial...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364785/stable-silencing-of-igf1r-using-lentiviral-mediated-shrna-in-hek293t-cells
#16
L Nasehi, M H Ghahremani, K Yavari, J Hadjati, A Fallah, B Abdolhossein Zadeh, Z Saltanatpour
Insulin-like growth factors are among the peptide mitogens that regulate cell proliferation and differentiation as well as mediator of antiapoptotic signals. The imbalance between the expression and activities of these molecules may lead to malignancy in cells. Evidences have suggested the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) signaling pathway as a therapeutic target in the management and treatment of cancer. In this present study, we have generated silencing stable clones of HEK cells using six different pGIPZ (lentiviral vector) shRNAs targeted to human IGF-1R gene and a pGIPZ non-silencing shRNAmir lentiviral vector (as negative control)...
February 28, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362176/co-delivery-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-specific-sirna-and-doxorubicin-using-chitosan-based-nanoparticles-enhanced-anticancer-efficacy-in-a549-lung-cancer-cell-line
#17
Hajar Shali, Mahdi Shabani, Fatemeh Pourgholi, Mahsa Hajivalili, Leili Aghebati-Maleki, Farhad Jadidi-Niaragh, Behzad Baradaran, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour Akbari, Vahid Younesi, Mehdi Yousefi
Here, we investigated the effects of dual delivery of IGF-1R siRNA and doxorubicin by chitosan nanoparticles on viability of A549 lung cancer cells line by utilization of MTT and qRT-PCR. Furthermore apoptosis and migration of treated cells were assessed by Annexin-PI and wound healing assays, respectively. The chitosan nanoparticles had about 176 nm size with zeta potential and polydispersive index about 11 mV and 0.3, respectively. The IGF-1R siRNA had synergistic effect on DOX-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in tumour cells...
March 31, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346855/tshr-igf-1r-cross-talk-not-igf-1r-stimulating-antibodies-mediates-graves-ophthalmopathy-pathogenesis
#18
Christine C Krieger, Susanne Neumann, Bernice Marcus-Samuels, Marvin C Gershengorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329136/chronic-resveratrol-treatment-inhibits-mrc5-fibroblast-sasp-related-protumoral-effects-on-melanoma-cells
#19
Beatrice Menicacci, Anna Laurenzana, Anastasia Chillà, Francesca Margheri, Silvia Peppicelli, Elisabetta Tanganelli, Gabriella Fibbi, Lisa Giovannelli, Mario Del Rosso, Alessandra Mocali
Cellular senescence is related to organismal aging and is observed after DNA damaging cancer therapies, that induce tumor-suppressive modifications, but it is characterized by a strong increase in secreted factors, termed the "senescence-associated secretory phenotype" (SASP). Particularly, SASP from stroma senescent fibroblasts creates a cancer-favoring microenvironment, providing targets for anti-cancer interventions. In the present article, chronic treatment (5 weeks) with 5 µM resveratrol has been used to modulate senescence-related protumoral features of MRC5 fibroblasts, reducing SASP-related interleukins IL1α, IL1β, IL6, and IL8; transforming-growth-factor-β (TGFβ); matrix metallo-proteinases MMP3 and MMP2; urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA); receptor proteins uPAR, IL6R, insulin growth factor receptor-1 (IGF-1R), TGFβ-R2, and CXCR4...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328831/expression-characteristics-of-proteins-of-igf-1r-p-akt-and-survivin-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Yuerong Yan, Fengqiu Hu, Weilu Wu, Ruiting Ma, Hui Huang
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is related to increased risk of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) is increased in patients with T2DM. The increased IGF-1R may be responsible for the development of PTC. In this study, we investigated the expression of phosphorylation of Akt (p-Akt)/survivin pathway activated by IGF-1R in PTC subjects with and without diabetes.Clinicopathological data of 20 PTC patients with T2DM were retrospectively analyzed and compared with those of 21 PTC subjects without diabetes...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
keyword
keyword
91160
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"