keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Big Five

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687415/how-mentor-support-interacts-with-mother-and-teacher-support-in-predicting-youth-academic-adjustment-an-investigation-among-youth-exposed-to-big-brothers-big-sisters-of-canada-programs
#1
Simon Larose, Geneviève Boisclair-Châteauvert, David J De Wit, David DuBois, Gizem Erdem, Ellen L Lipman
This study examines three potential contributions (i.e., additive only, hierarchical compensatory, and hierarchical conditional) of mentor support to youth academic adjustment, taking into account interactions with support from mothers and teachers. We derived data from a larger study of the Big Brothers Big Sisters (BBBS) of Canada community mentoring program. The sample included 427 youth (average age 9.8 years; 64% girls, 56% White) who received one-to-one community-based mentoring for at least three months...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683685/future-time-perspective-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Dorien T A M Kooij, Ruth Kanfer, Matt Betts, Cort W Rudolph
The ability to foresee, anticipate, and plan for future desired outcomes is crucial for well-being, motivation, and behavior. However, theories in organizational psychology do not incorporate time-related constructs such as Future Time Perspective (FTP), and research on FTP remains disjointed and scattered, with different domains focusing on different aspects of the construct, using different measures, and assessing different antecedents and consequences. In this review and meta-analysis, we aim to clarify the FTP construct, advance its theoretical development, and demonstrate its importance by (a) integrating theory and empirical findings across different domains of research to identify major outcomes and antecedents of FTP, and (b) empirically examining whether and how these variables are moderated by FTP measures and dimensions...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676605/meta-analysis-of-big-five-personality-traits-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Jennifer Lodi-Smith, Jonathan D Rodgers, Sara A Cunningham, Christopher Lopata, Marcus L Thomeer
The present meta-analysis synthesizes the emerging literature on the relationship of Big Five personality traits to autism spectrum disorder. Studies were included if they (1) either (a) measured autism spectrum disorder characteristics using a metric that yielded a single score quantification of the magnitude of autism spectrum disorder characteristics and/or (b) studied individuals with an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis compared to individuals without an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis and (2) measured Big Five traits in the same sample or samples...
April 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674989/short-scales-for-the-assessment-of-personality-traits-development-and-validation-of-the-portuguese-ten-item-personality-inventory-tipi
#4
Andreia Nunes, Teresa Limpo, César F Lima, São Luís Castro
The importance of quickly assessing personality traits in many studies prompted the development of brief scales such as the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI), a measure of five personality traits (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness). In the current study, we present the Portuguese version of TIPI and examine its psychometric properties, based on a sample of 333 Portuguese adults aged 18 to 65 years. The results revealed reliability coefficients similar to the original version (α = 0...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673604/concurrence-of-big-data-analytics-and-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Nishita Mehta, Anil Pandit
BACKGROUND: The application of Big Data analytics in healthcare has immense potential for improving the quality of care, reducing waste and error, and reducing the cost of care. PURPOSE: This systematic review of literature aims to determine the scope of Big Data analytics in healthcare including its applications and challenges in its adoption in healthcare. It also intends to identify the strategies to overcome the challenges. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of the articles was carried out on five major scientific databases: ScienceDirect, PubMed, Emerald, IEEE Xplore and Taylor & Francis...
June 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668345/prevalence-and-psychosocial-correlates-of-party-drug-use-and-associated-problems-among-university-students-in-the-netherlands
#6
Laura E Kunst, Winifred A Gebhardt
BACKGROUND: Recent developments in drug use patterns call for an investigation of current party-drug use and associated problems among college students, who appear to be an important target population for harm reduction interventions. OBJECTIVES: In addition to reporting on party-drug use prevalence, we investigated whether initial use and continuation of party-drug use among students was associated with demographic, personality and psychosocial factors. METHODS: An online questionnaire was administered to 446 students from a Dutch university, inquiring about party-drug use, demographic characteristics, social norms and personality (big five, impulsiveness, aggression)...
April 18, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665419/widespread-associations-between-trait-conscientiousness-and-thickness-of-brain-cortical-regions
#7
Gary J Lewis, David Alexander Dickie, Simon R Cox, Sherif Karama, Alan C Evans, John M Starr, Mark E Bastin, Joanna M Wardlaw, Ian J Deary
The neural correlates of human personality have been of longstanding interest; however, most studies in the field have relied on modest sample sizes and few replicable results have been reported to date. We investigated relationships between personality and brain gray matter in a sample of generally healthy, older (mean age 73 years) adults from Scotland drawn from the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936. Participants (N = 578) completed a brain MRI scan and self-reported Big Five personality trait measures. Conscientiousness trait scores were positively related to brain cortical thickness in a range of regions, including bilateral parahippocampal gyrus, bilateral fusiform gyrus, left cingulate gyrus, right medial orbitofrontal cortex, and left dorsomedial prefrontal cortex...
April 14, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660937/personality-modulates-the-efficacy-of-art-intervention-on-chronic-pain-in-a-population-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Isabelle Rouch, Elodie Pongan, Yohana Leveque, Barbara Tillmann, Béatrice Trombert, Jean Claude Getenet, Nicolas Auguste, Pierre Krolak-Salmon, Bernard Laurent, Jean-Michel Dorey
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) mainly occurs in elderly individuals. Comorbidities and chronic pain are frequent in this population. Previous studies revealed that personality modulates both chronic pain (CP) andADoccurrence and evolution. Moreover, as pain treatments can induce side-effects, non-drugs treatments, such as art interventions, are interesting alternative therapies for decreasing CP in these patients. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the potential role of personality traits on art intervention efficacy for reducing CP in a population of patients with mild AD...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659143/rasopathies-are-associated-with-a-distinct-personality-profile
#9
Varoona Bizaoui, Jessica Gage, Rita Brar, Katherine A Rauen, Lauren A Weiss
Personality is a complex, yet partially heritable, trait. Although some Mendelian diseases like Williams-Beuren syndrome are associated with a particular personality profile, studies have failed to assign the personality features to a single gene or pathway. As a family of monogenic disorders caused by mutations in the Ras/MAPK pathway known to influence social behavior, RASopathies are likely to provide insight into the genetic basis of personality. Eighty subjects diagnosed with cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome, Costello syndrome, neurofibromatosis type 1, and Noonan syndrome were assessed using a parent-report BFQ-C (Big Five Questionnaire for Children) evaluating agreeableness, extraversion, conscientiousness, intellect/openness, and neuroticism, along with 55 unaffected sibling controls...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656437/structural-correlates-of-openness-and-intellect-implications-for-the-contribution-of-personality-to-creativity
#10
Oshin Vartanian, Christopher J Wertz, Ranee A Flores, Erin L Beatty, Ingrid Smith, Kristen Blackler, Quan Lam, Rex E Jung
Openness/Intellect (i.e., openness to experience) is the Big Five personality factor most consistently associated with individual differences in creativity. Recent psychometric evidence has demonstrated that this factor consists of two distinct aspects-Intellect and Openness. Whereas Intellect reflects perceived intelligence and intellectual engagement, Openness reflects engagement with fantasy, perception, and aesthetics. We investigated the extent to which Openness and Intellect are associated with variations in brain structure as measured by cortical thickness, area, and volume (N = 185)...
April 15, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655946/big-data-handling-mechanisms-in-the-healthcare-applications-a-comprehensive-and-systematic-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Asma Pashazadeh, Nima Jafari Navimipour
Healthcare provides many services such as diagnosing, treatment, prevention of diseases, illnesses, injuries, and other physical and mental disorders. Large-scale distributed data processing applications in healthcare as a basic concept operates on large amounts of data. Therefore, big data application functions are the main part of healthcare operations, but there was not any comprehensive and systematic survey about studying and evaluating the important techniques in this field. Therefore, this paper aims at providing the comprehensive, detailed, and systematic study of the state-of-the-art mechanisms in the big data related to healthcare applications in five categories, including machine learning, cloud-based, heuristic-based, agent-based, and hybrid mechanisms...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642722/the-personality-motivational-and-need-based-background-of-problematic-tinder-use
#12
Gábor Orosz, Mária Benyó, Bernadett Berkes, Edina Nikoletti, Éva Gál, István Tóth-Király, Beáta Bőthe
Background and aims Tinder is a geo-located online dating application, which is present in almost 200 countries and has 10 million daily users. The aim of the present research was to investigate the motivational, personality, and basic psychological need-related background of problematic Tinder use. Methods After qualitative pretest and item construction, in Study 1 (N = 414), confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to corroborate the different motivational factors behind Tinder use. In Study 2 (N = 346), the associations between Big Five traits, Tinder motivations, and problematic Tinder use were examined with structural equation modeling (SEM)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626345/the-personalities-of-danish-mps-trait-and-aspect-level-differences
#13
Asbjørn Sonne Nørgaard, Robert Klemmensen
OBJECTIVE: To study personality traits of Danish parliamentarians (MPs) and examine elite-voter congruence and elite differentiation. Whereas previous political elite studies have focused only on the Big Five level we include aspect-level differences. METHOD: In a highly representative survey of Danish MPs (N=81, response rate= 46.3 pct.) and a representative study of Danish voters (N=3,612) we used the 60-item NEO-PI-R short version to examine personality differences on the Big Five level and, based on the NEO-BFAS, the aspect level...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626341/toward-understanding-the-relationship-between-personality-and-well-being-states-and-traits
#14
Carly Magee, Jeremy C Biesanz
INTRODUCTION: Although there is a robust connection between dispositional personality traits and well-being, relatively little research has comprehensively examined the ways in which all Big Five personality states are associated with short-term experiences of well-being within individuals. OBJECTIVES: To address three central questions about the nature of the relationship between personality and well-being states: First, to what extent do personality and well-being states covary within individuals? Second, to what extent do personality and well-being states influence one another within individuals? Finally, are these within-person relationships moderated by dispositional personality traits and well-being? METHODS: Two experience sampling studies (N = 161 and N = 146) were conducted over two weeks...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623415/what-have-we-learned-in-minimally-invasive-colorectal-surgery-from-nsqip-and-nis-large-databases-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Gabriela Batista Rodríguez, Andrea Balla, Santiago Corradetti, Carmen Martinez, Pilar Hernández, Jesús Bollo, Eduard M Targarona
BACKGROUND: "Big data" refers to large amount of dataset. Those large databases are useful in many areas, including healthcare. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) and the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) are big databases that were developed in the USA in order to record surgical outcomes. The aim of the present systematic review is to evaluate the type and clinical impact of the information retrieved through NISQP and NIS big database articles focused on laparoscopic colorectal surgery...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615950/personality-influences-the-relationship-between-primary-emotions-and-religious-spiritual-well-being
#16
Michaela Hiebler-Ragger, Jürgen Fuchshuber, Heidrun Dröscher, Christian Vajda, Andreas Fink, Human F Unterrainer
The study of human emotions and personality provides valuable insights into the parameters of mental health and well-being. Affective neuroscience proposes that several levels of emotions - ranging from primary ones such as LUST or FEAR up to higher emotions such as spirituality - interact on a neural level. The present study aimed to further explore this theory. Furthermore, we hypothesized that personality - formed by bottom-up primary emotions and cortical top-down regulation - might act as a link between primary emotions and religious/spiritual well-being...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608073/is-self-regard-a-sociometer-or-a-hierometer-self-esteem-tracks-status-and-inclusion-narcissism-tracks-status
#17
Nikhila Mahadevan, Aiden P Gregg, Constantine Sedikides
What adaptive function does self-regard serve? Sociometer theory predicts that it positively tracks social inclusion. A new theory, hierometer theory, predicts that it positively tracks social status. We tested both predictions with respect to two types of self-regard: self-esteem and narcissism. Study 1 (N = 940), featuring a cross-sectional design, found that both status and inclusion covaried positively with self-esteem, but that status alone covaried positively with narcissism. These links held independently of gender, age, and the Big Five personality traits...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603251/community-water-fluoridation-online-an-analysis-of-the-digital-media-ecosystem
#18
Mohammad Helmi, Mary Kate Spinella, Brittany Seymour
OBJECTIVES: Research demonstrates the safety and efficacy of community water fluoridation (CWF). Yet, the digitization of communication has triggered the spread of inaccurate information online. The purpose of this study was to analyze patterns of CWF information dissemination by a network of sources on the web. METHODS: We used Media Cloud, a searchable big data platform of over 550 million stories from 50 thousand sources, along with tools to analyze that archive...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594204/infrastructure-and-distributed-learning-methodology-for-privacy-preserving-multi-centric-rapid-learning-health-care-eurocat
#19
Timo M Deist, A Jochems, Johan van Soest, Georgi Nalbantov, Cary Oberije, Seán Walsh, Michael Eble, Paul Bulens, Philippe Coucke, Wim Dries, Andre Dekker, Philippe Lambin
Machine learning applications for personalized medicine are highly dependent on access to sufficient data. For personalized radiation oncology, datasets representing the variation in the entire cancer patient population need to be acquired and used to learn prediction models. Ethical and legal boundaries to ensure data privacy hamper collaboration between research institutes. We hypothesize that data sharing is possible without identifiable patient data leaving the radiation clinics and that building machine learning applications on distributed datasets is feasible...
June 2017: Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593627/the-bright-the-dark-and-the-blue-face-of-narcissism-the-spectrum-of-narcissism-in-its-relations-to-the-metatraits-of-personality-self-esteem-and-the-nomological-network-of-shyness-loneliness-and-empathy
#20
Radosław Rogoza, Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska, Maria M Kwiatkowska, Katarzyna Kwiatkowska
Grandiose and vulnerable narcissism seem to be uncorrelated in empirical studies, yet they share at least some theoretical similarities. In the current study, we examine the relation between grandiose (conceptualized as admiration and rivalry) and vulnerable narcissism in the context of the Big Five personality traits and metatraits, self-esteem, and their nomological network. To this end, participants ( N = 314) filled in a set of self-report measures via an online survey. Rivalry was positively linked with both admiration and vulnerable narcissism...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
9116
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"