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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724480/neuroticism-and-the-overlap-between-autistic-and-adhd-traits-findings-from-a-population-sample-of-young-adult-australian-twins
#1
Shin-Ho Park, Adam J Guastella, Michael Lynskey, Arpana Agrawal, John N Constantino, Sarah E Medland, Yun Ju C Song, Nicholas G Martin, Lucía Colodro-Conde
Neuroticism, a 'Big Five' personality trait, has been associated with sub-clinical traits of both autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The objective of the current study was to examine whether causal overlap between ASD and ADHD traits can be accounted for by genetic and environmental risk factors that are shared with neuroticism. We performed twin-based structural equation modeling using self-report data from 12 items of the Neo Five-Factor Inventory Neuroticism domain, 11 Social Responsiveness Scale items, and 12 Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale items obtained from 3,170 young adult Australian individual twins (1,081 complete pairs)...
August 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713502/the-effect-of-personality-traits-on-undergraduate-dental-students-performance-in-multiple-mini-interviews
#2
Lana Ahmed Shinawi, Sumer Madani Alaki, Ibrahim Yamany, Mona Hassan Ahmed Hassan
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini interviews (MMI) is a structured student selection method where applicants rotate around a series of stations that do not require previously learned knowledge. The Big Five Inventory (BFI) is a tool often used to measure personality traits commonly used in applicant selection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to assess the effect of personality traits using the BFI on undergraduate dental students' performance in MMI. METHODS: This research was conducted at The Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713320/social-media-membership-browsing-and-profile-updating-in-a-representative-u-s-sample-independent-and-interdependent-effects-of-big-five-traits-and-aging-and-social-factors
#3
Tim Bogg
Guided by cybernetic perspectives on personality, the present work used a representative sample of U.S. adults (N = 992) to examine Big Five personality traits and social and aging factors as predictors of social media network membership and past-month browsing/searching and profile updating among members. The results showed adults who were less extraverted and less neurotic and who reported greater physical limitations were less likely to be members. Moreover, extraverted adults without partners were more likely to be members than introverted adults without partners...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710592/shame-on-me-self-conscious-emotions-and-big-five-personality-traits-and-their-relations-to-anxiety-disorders-symptoms-in-young-non-clinical-adolescents
#4
Peter Muris, Cor Meesters, Mike van Asseldonk
This study explored the relations between self-conscious emotions, personality traits, and anxiety disorders symptoms in non-clinical youths. One-hundred-and-eighteen adolescents aged 12-15 years completed the brief shame and guilt questionnaire for children (BSGQ-C) and items of the youth self-report (YSR) to measure shame and guilt, the big five personality questionnaire for children, and the youth anxiety measure for DSM-5. Results for shame indicated that this self-conscious emotion-either measured by the BSGQ-C or the YSR-was uniquely and positively associated with a broad range of anxiety disorders symptoms, and correlated positively with neuroticism and negatively with extraversion...
July 14, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706496/the-mediation-effect-of-coping-style-on-the-relations-between-personality-and-life-satisfaction-in-chinese-adolescents
#5
Le Xu, Ru-De Liu, Yi Ding, Xiaohong Mou, Jia Wang, Ying Liu
Previous findings showed the associations between each of the Big Five personality trait and adolescents' life satisfaction were different. Some traits (extraversion and neuroticism) correlated with adolescents' life satisfaction, while other traits did not have the same associations with adolescents' life satisfaction. In order to explain why the Big Five traits differed in their associations with adolescents' life satisfaction, the present study verified the relations between each of the Big Five personality traits and life satisfaction, and demonstrated the mediating effects of coping style on the relations between these personality traits and life satisfaction in a sample of 2,357 Chinese adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697704/radio-gaga-intra-team-communication-of-australian-rules-football-umpires-effect-of-radio-communication-on-content-structure-and-frequency
#6
Timothy J Neville, Paul M Salmon, Gemma J M Read
Intra-team communication plays an important role in team effectiveness in various domains including sport. As such, it is a key consideration when introducing new tools within systems that utilise teams. The difference in intra-team communication of Australian Rules Football (AFL) umpiring teams was studied when umpiring with or without radio communications technology. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted to analyse the verbal communication of seven umpiring teams (20 participants) grouped according to their experience with radio communication...
July 12, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694221/nordic-walking-for-the-management-of-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Manca, Daniele Dragone, Franca Deriu, Paolo Solla, Claudio Secci, Marco Monticone, Giuseppe Mercuro
BACKGROUND: It is well known that physical exercise is the main therapeutic element of rehabilitation programs for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). As traditional forms of exercise can guarantee significant health benefits, the emergence of non-conventional physical activities, such as Nordic walking (NW), may add positive effects. OBJECTIVE: To appraise the available evidence on the main effects of NW in the rehabilitation programs for people with PD and to propose a design for upcoming research that might improve the uniformity of future trials...
July 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693712/calibrating-a-new-item-pool-to-adaptively-assess-the-big-five
#8
María D Nieto, Francisco J Abad, Alejandro Hernández-Camacho, Luis E Garrido, Juan R Barrada, David Aguado, Julio Olea
BACKGROUND: Even though the Five Factor Model (FFM) has been the dominant paradigm in personality research for the past two decades, very few studies have measured the FFM adaptively. Thus, the purpose of this research was the building of a new item pool to develop a computerized adaptive test (CAT) for personality assessment. METHOD: A pool of 480 items that measured the FFM facets was developed and applied to 826 participants. Facets were calibrated separately and item selection was performed being mindful of the preservation of unidimensionality of each facet...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692138/the-2025-big-g-geriatrician-defining-job-roles-to-guide-fellowship-training
#9
Deborah Simpson, Rosanne M Leipzig, Karen Sauvigné
Changes in health care that are already in progress, including value- and population-based care, use of new technologies for care, big data and machine learning, and the patient as consumer and decision maker, will determine the job description for geriatricians practicing in 2025. Informed by these future certainties, 115 geriatrics educators attending the 2016 Donald W. Reynolds Foundation Annual meeting identified five 2025 geriatrician job roles: complexivist; consultant; health system leader and innovator; functional preventionist; and educator for big "G" and little "g" providers...
July 10, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690582/decreased-openness-to-experience-is-associated-with-migraine-type-headaches-in-subjects-with-lifetime-depression
#10
Mate Magyar, Xenia Gonda, Dorottya Pap, Andrea Edes, Attila Galambos, Daniel Baksa, Natalia Kocsel, Edina Szabo, Gyorgy Bagdy, Rebecca Elliott, Gyongyi Kokonyei, Gabriella Juhasz
INTRODUCTION: Migraine and depression frequently occur as comorbid conditions, and it has been hypothesized that migraine with and without depression may have a different genetic background. A distinct personality trait constellation has been described in migraineurs. Less attention, however, was paid to personality differences in migraineurs with and without depression which may also shed light on differences in the neurobiological, background. The aim of our study was to investigate big five personality traits, headaches, and lifetime depression (DEP) in a large European general population sample...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686561/-the-concept-of-temperament-and-its-contribution-to-the-understanding-of-the-bipolar-spectrum
#11
I Koufaki, V Polizoidou, K N Fountoulakis
The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,The present article attempts first to provide a historical overview of the concept of temperament,since its foundation by Polybos (4th century B.C.) and the school of Cos, its predominant role in theshaping of the anthropological and humanitarian sciences, until the modern theoretical formulations,such as those proposed by Robert Cloninger and Hagop Akiskal. Secondly, recent literature ispresented, which suggests a strong link of different temperament structures to mental health andpsychopathology...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680697/personality-traits-neuroticism-and-openness-as-well-as-early-abnormal-eye-conditions-as-predictors-of-the-occurrence-of-eye-problems-in-adulthood
#12
Helen Cheng, Adrian Furnham
This study set out to examine the associations between psychological, biomedical and socio-demographic factors in childhood and adulthood associated with the occurrence of self-reported eye conditions in adulthood. In total, 5706 participants with complete data on parental social class at birth, cognitive ability accessed at age 11 years, abnormal eye conditions by the age of 16 years diagnosed by medical professionals, educational qualifications obtained at age 33 years, the Big Five Factor personality traits measured at age 50 years, current occupational levels and self-reported eye conditions at age 54 years were included in the study...
April 2017: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680397/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-the-correlations-between-resting-state-oscillations-in-multiple-frequency-bands-and-big-five-traits
#13
Shigeyuki Ikeda, Hikaru Takeuchi, Yasuyuki Taki, Rui Nouchi, Ryoichi Yokoyama, Yuka Kotozaki, Seishu Nakagawa, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Kunio Iizuka, Yuki Yamamoto, Sugiko Hanawa, Tsuyoshi Araki, Carlos Makoto Miyauchi, Kohei Sakaki, Takayuki Nozawa, Susumu Yokota, Daniele Magistro, Ryuta Kawashima
Recently, the association between human personality traits and resting-state brain activity has gained interest in neuroimaging studies. However, it remains unclear if Big Five personality traits are represented in frequency bands (~0.25 Hz) of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activity. Based on earlier neurophysiological studies, we investigated the correlation between the five personality traits assessed by the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), and the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) at four distinct frequency bands (slow-5 (0...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679881/big-data-big-problems-a-healthcare-perspective
#14
Mowafa S Househ, Bakheet Aldosari, Abdullah Alanazi, Andre W Kushniruk, Elizabeth M Borycki
Much has been written on the benefits of big data for healthcare such as improving patient outcomes, public health surveillance, and healthcare policy decisions. Over the past five years, Big Data, and the data sciences field in general, has been hyped as the "Holy Grail" for the healthcare industry promising a more efficient healthcare system with the promise of improved healthcare outcomes. However, more recently, healthcare researchers are exposing the potential and harmful effects Big Data can have on patient care associating it with increased medical costs, patient mortality, and misguided decision making by clinicians and healthcare policy makers...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667716/components-of-metabolic-syndrome-at-22-years-of-age-findings-from-pune-low-birth-weight-study
#15
Sudha Chaudhari, Madhumati Otiv, Mahendra Hoge, Anand Pandit, Mohammed Sayyed
BACKGROUND: To study the early markers of Metabolic syndrome in a cohort of low birth weight (LBW) children followed up since birth, at the age of 22 years. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary-care hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Neonates weighing less than 2000 g discharged from a neonatal special care unit were followed up prospectively; 153 cases and 77 controls were assessed at 22 years of age. METHODS: Fasting, 30 minute and 120 minute glucose and insulin after a bolus of 75g of glucose was determined...
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661360/the-swiss-society-of-microbiology-small-bugs-big-questions-and-cool-answers
#16
Gilbert Greub, Christof Holliger, Dominique Sanglard, Jacques Schrenzel, Volker Thiel, Patrick Viollier
The Swiss Society for Microbiology (SSM) represents around 700 scientists working in the fields of medical (human and veterinary), microbial biotechnology as well as fundamental, environmental, and food microbiology. Five sections: Clinical Microbiology, Environmental Microbiology, Mycology, Prokaryotic Biology, and Virology reflects the main interests of the membership.
December 21, 2016: Chimia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659979/the-cognitive-and-psychological-factors-personality-driving-behavior-and-mental-illnesses-as-predictors-in-traffic-violations
#17
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Hamid Soori, Maryam Ghanizadeh
Objective: Driving is a complex behavior and is affected by several factors. This cohort study aimed at representing the main determinants such as personality features, driving behavior, and mental illnesses on driving violation based on logistic regression. Method: In this cohort study, 800 heavy truck and lorry drivers were recruited. Participants were selected from those individuals who referred to Imam Sajjad hospital in Tehran, Iran during fall 2013 to summer 2015. Manchester Driving Behavior Questionnaire (MDBQ), Big Five Personality Test (NEO Personality Inventory), and SADS (Semi-Structural Interview) were used in this study...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659132/identification-and-profiling-of-growth-related-micrornas-in-chinese-perch-siniperca-chuatsi
#18
Jiagang Tu, Changxu Tian, Peiqi Zhao, Junxiao Sun, Min Wang, Qixue Fan, Yongchao Yuan
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small non-coding RNAs that play important roles in the regulation of diverse biological processes in eukaryotes. Chinese perch (Siniperca chuatsi) is one of the most economically important fish species widely cultured in China. Growth is an extremely important characteristic in fish. Individual differences in body size are common in Siniperca chuatsi, which significantly influence the aquaculture production of Siniperca chuatsi. However, the underline growth-related regulatory factors, such as miRNAs, are still unknown...
June 28, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657783/big-five-personality-traits-of-cybercrime-victims
#19
Steve G A van de Weijer, E Rutger Leukfeldt
The prevalence of cybercrime has increased rapidly over the last decades and has become part of the everyday life of citizens. It is, therefore, of great importance to gain more knowledge on the factors related to an increased or decreased likelihood of becoming a cybercrime victim. The current study adds to the existing body of knowledge using a large representative sample of Dutch individuals (N = 3,648) to study the relationship between cybercrime victimization and the key traits from the Big Five model of personality (i...
July 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654683/a-data-analysis-framework-for-biomedical-big-data-application-on-mesoderm-differentiation-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cells
#20
Benjamin Ulfenborg, Alexander Karlsson, Maria Riveiro, Caroline Améen, Karolina Åkesson, Christian X Andersson, Peter Sartipy, Jane Synnergren
The development of high-throughput biomolecular technologies has resulted in generation of vast omics data at an unprecedented rate. This is transforming biomedical research into a big data discipline, where the main challenges relate to the analysis and interpretation of data into new biological knowledge. The aim of this study was to develop a framework for biomedical big data analytics, and apply it for analyzing transcriptomics time series data from early differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells towards the mesoderm and cardiac lineages...
2017: PloS One
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