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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902907/thermal-stability-study-of-five-newcastle-disease-attenuated-vaccine-strains
#1
Zineb Boumart, Jihane Hamdi, Samira Daouam, Amal Elarkam, Khalid Omari Tadlaoui, Mehdi El Harrak
Newcastle disease (ND) is a big concern throughout the world because of the devastating losses that can occur with commercial and backyard poultry. The major problem in many countries is the loss of the vaccine's effectiveness due to inadequate use or storage conditions, particularly in hot climates. In the present study, stability of the five, most-used NDV vaccine strains (I-2, LaSota, B1, Clone 30 [C30], and VG-GA) was tested comparatively at different storage temperatures (4 and 37 C for the freeze-dried form and 4, 24, 37, and 45 C for the freeze-dried vaccine reconstituted in diluents)...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899608/tfbsbank-a-platform-to-dissect-the-big-data-of-protein-dna-interaction-in-human-and-model-species
#2
Dongsheng Chen, Sanjie Jiang, Xiaoyan Ma, Fang Li
Genome-wide transcription factors (TFs) binding data has been extensively generated in the past few years, which poses a great challenge to data interpretation. Therefore, comprehensive and dedicated functional annotation databases for TF-DNA interaction are in great demands to manage, explore and utilize those invaluable data resources. Here, we constructed a platform 'TFBSbank' which houses the annotation of 1870 chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) datasets of 585 TFs in five species (human, mouse, fly, worm and yeast)...
November 28, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899373/influence-of-geolocation-and-ethnicity-on-the-phenotypic-expression-of-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-at-diagnosis-in-8310-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-big-data-sj%C3%A3-gren-project-consortium
#3
Pilar Brito-Zerón, Nihan Acar-Denizli, Margit Zeher, Astrid Rasmussen, Raphaele Seror, Elke Theander, Xiaomei Li, Chiara Baldini, Jacques-Eric Gottenberg, Debashish Danda, Luca Quartuccio, Roberta Priori, Gabriela Hernandez-Molina, Aike A Kruize, Valeria Valim, Marika Kvarnstrom, Damien Sene, Roberto Gerli, Sonja Praprotnik, David Isenberg, Roser Solans, Maureen Rischmueller, Seung-Ki Kwok, Gunnel Nordmark, Yasunori Suzuki, Roberto Giacomelli, Valerie Devauchelle-Pensec, Michele Bombardieri, Benedikt Hofauer, Hendrika Bootsma, Johan G Brun, Guadalupe Fraile, Steven E Carsons, Tamer A Gheita, Jacques Morel, Cristina Vollenveider, Fabiola Atzeni, Soledad Retamozo, Ildiko Fanny Horvath, Kathy Sivils, Thomas Mandl, Pulukool Sandhya, Salvatore De Vita, Jorge Sanchez-Guerrero, Eefje van der Heijden, Virginia Fernandes Moça Trevisani, Marie Wahren-Herlenius, Xavier Mariette, Manuel Ramos-Casals
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the influence of geolocation and ethnicity on the clinical presentation of primary Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) at diagnosis. METHODS: The Big Data Sjögren Project Consortium is an international, multicentre registry designed in 2014. By January 2016, 20 centres from five continents were participating. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: We included 7748 women (93%) and 562 men (7%), with a mean age at diagnosis of primary SjS of 53 years...
November 29, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898268/descriptive-analysis-of-in-vitro-cutting-of-swine-mitral-cusps-comparison-of-high-power-laser-and-scalpel-blade-cutting-techniques
#4
Nathali Cordeiro Pinto, Pablo Maria Alberto Pomerantzeff, Alessandro Deana, Denise Zezell, Carolina Benetti, Vera Demarchi Aiello, Luciana Almeida Lopes, Fabio Biscegli Jatene, M Cristina Chavantes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The most common injury to the heart valve with rheumatic involvement is mitral stenosis, which is the reason for a big number of cardiac operations in Brazil. Commissurotomy is the traditional technique that is still widely used for this condition, although late postoperative restenosis is concerning. This study's purpose was to compare the histological findings of porcine cusp mitral valves treated in vitro with commissurotomy with a scalpel blade to those treated with high-power laser (HPL) cutting, using appropriate staining techniques...
November 30, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894458/personality-and-global-cognitive-decline-in-japanese-community-dwelling-elderly-people-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#5
Yukiko Nishita, Chikako Tange, Makiko Tomida, Rei Otsuka, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata
OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal associations between the big five personality and changes in global cognitive function among community-dwelling elderly people involved in the National Institute for Longevity Sciences - Longitudinal Study of Aging. METHODS: The participants were 594 individuals (age range 60-81years) and followed for 10years and tested six times. Personality was assessed by the Japanese version of NEO five factor inventory at baseline. Cognitive function was assessed by the Japanese version of Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) at all visits...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893259/adolescent-conscientiousness-predicts-lower-lifetime-unemployment
#6
Mark Egan, Michael Daly, Liam Delaney, Christopher J Boyce, Alex M Wood
Existing research on Big Five personality and unemployment has relied on personality measures elicited after the respondents had already spent years in the labor market, an experience that could change personality. We clarify the direction of influence by using the British Cohort Study (N = 4,206) to examine whether conscientiousness and other Big Five personality traits at age 16-17 predict unemployment over age 16-42. Our hypothesis that higher conscientiousness in adolescence would predict lower unemployment was supported...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893219/integrating-the-context-appropriate-balanced-attention-model-and-reinforcement-sensitivity-theory-towards-a-domain-general-personality-process-model
#7
Michael D Collins, Chris J Jackson, Benjamin R Walker, Peter J O'Connor, Elliroma Gardiner
Over the last 40 years or more the personality literature has been dominated by trait models based on the Big Five (B5). Trait-based models describe personality at the between-person level but cannot explain the within-person mental mechanisms responsible for personality. Nor can they adequately account for variations in emotion and behavior experienced by individuals across different situations and over time. An alternative, yet understated, approach to personality architecture can be found in neurobiological theories of personality, most notably reinforcement sensitivity theory (RST)...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891043/time-perspectives-predict-mood-states-and-satisfaction-with-life-over-and-above-personality
#8
Maciej Stolarski, Gerald Matthews
The present study aimed to test the incremental validity of Time Perspective (TP) scales in predicting satisfaction with life and mood, over and above the Big Five personality traits. It also investigated whether the new TP construct of Future Negative perspective contributed to prediction of these outcomes. Participants (N = 265) completed four measures: Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), UWIST Mood Adjective Checklist (UMACL), a modified Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI), and NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)...
2016: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877143/personality-development-during-teacher-preparation
#9
Roisin P Corcoran, Joanne O'Flaherty
Objective: The purpose of this 3-year longitudinal study was to examine pre-service teachers' personality trajectories as measured by the IPIP Big-Five factor markers during teacher preparation. The relationship between students' personality traits, social desirability, and prior academic attainment was also examined. Method: This 3-year longitudinal study invited participants from the first year of a 4-year undergraduate (UG) pre-service teacher education program, the class of 2017. The sample consisted of 305 students...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876245/perioperative-medicine-and-taiwan-national-health-insurance-research-database
#10
REVIEW
C C Chang, C C Liao, T L Chen
"Big data", characterized by 'volume', 'velocity', 'variety', and 'veracity', being routinely collected in huge amounts of clinical and administrative healthcare-related data are becoming common and generating promising viewpoints for a better understanding of the complexity for medical situations. Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), one of large and comprehensive nationwide population reimbursement databases in the world, provides the strength of sample size avoiding selection and participation bias...
November 18, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873568/can-big-five-facets-distinguish-between-hedonic-and-eudaimonic-well-being-a-dominance-analysis
#11
Rosario J Marrero, Mar Rey, Juan Andrés Hernández-Cabrera
In this study, the aim was to analyze the relative importance of Five-Factor Model (FFM) personality facets for eudaimonic or psychological well-being (PWB) and hedonic or subjective well-being (SWB) through dominance analyses. The participants were 1,403 adult residents of Spain (mean age 37.2 years, SD = 13.9). As expected, facets captured a substantial proportion of the variance in PWB and SWB, with PWB being better predicted than SWB (explaining around 36-55% of the variance of PWB vs. 25% of the variance of SWB)...
November 22, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868069/early-inflammatory-response-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rabbits-using-uspio-and-gd-enhanced-mri
#12
Lin Ouyang, Si Zeng, Gang Zheng, Guang Ming Lu
Purpose. To monitor the inflammatory response (IR) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) before and after the rehabilitation of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in rabbits using USPIO- and Gd-enhanced MRI. Materials and Methods. Twenty white big-eared rabbits with mild TBI (mTBI) were randomly and equally divided into four groups. Rabbits were sacrificed for the brain specimens immediately after the last MRI-monitoring. Sequences were tse-T1WI, tse-T2WI, Gd-T1WI, and USPIO-T1WI. Dynamical MRI presentations were evaluated and compared with pathological findings for each group...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866197/rs56288038-c-g-in-3-utr-of-irf-1-regulated-by-mir-502-5p-promotes-gastric-cancer-development
#13
Bo Wang, Huan Yang, Liqin Shen, Ji Wang, Wangyang Pu, Zhigang Chen, Xudong Shen, Jinxiang Fu, Zhixiang Zhuang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) has been shown to function as a transcriptional activator or repressor of a variety of target genes. However, its upstream, non-coding RNA-related regulatory capacity remains unknown. In this study, we focus on the miRNA-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 3'untranslated region (UTR) of IRF-1 to further investigate the functional relationship and potential diagnostic value of the SNPs and miRNAs among Chinese gastric cancer (GC) patients...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863156/influence-of-interpersonal-traits-on-patient-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#14
Joshua M Levy, Jess C Mace, Timothy L Smith, Zachary M Soler
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) measure health states in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and have become the dominant metrics of treatment outcomes. Interpersonal traits (IPTs) are patient-specific factors that include personality type, perceived social support, and trust in physicians. The association of IPTs on treatment outcomes among patients with CRS has not been described previously, and IPTs may represent major clinical factors influencing treatment outcomes...
November 11, 2016: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861642/symptoms-of-dry-eye-disease-and-personality-traits
#15
Sho Ichinohe, Tsutomu Igarashi, Daisuke Nakajima, Masafumi Ono, Hiroshi Takahashi
The essential targets of dry eye disease (DED) treatments include both objective signs and subjective symptoms. However, due to the numerous subjective symptoms, it is understandable why little association has been found between the signs and symptoms. Although psychological influences on the subjective symptoms have been reported, little is known about the influence of personality traits. The present study analyzed the relationship between the signs/symptoms of DED and the personality traits of patients using a cross-sectional design...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855431/predictors-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-6-9-weeks-after-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study-public-mental-health-perspective
#16
Azijada Srkalović Imširagić, Dražen Begić, Iris Sarajlić, Irena Rojnić Palavra, Mirjana Orban
BACKGROUND: There are numerous benefits of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) on mother and child wellbeing. The objective was to find out whether depression, posttraumatic stress disorder and personality traits at the time of delivery are associated with EBF six to nine weeks after delivery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The targeted population were women who delivered in Croatian largest University maternity hospital. The scores of The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), The Big Five Inventory (BFI) and The Impact of Events Scale (revised) - IES-R three to five days after childbirth were measured to predict self-reported EBF status six to nine weeks after the delivery...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853543/life-history-factors-personality-and-the-social-clustering-of-sexual-experience-in-adolescents
#17
Abram J van Leeuwen, Ruth Mace
Adolescent sexual behaviour may show clustering in neighbourhoods, schools and friendship networks. This study aims to assess how experience with sexual intercourse clusters across the social world of adolescents and whether predictors implicated by life history theory or personality traits can account for its between-individual variation and social patterning. Using data on 2877 adolescents from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, we ran logistic multiple classification models to assess the clustering of sexual experience by approximately 17...
October 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848978/the-impact-of-heterogeneity-and-awareness-in-modeling-epidemic-spreading-on-multiplex-networks
#18
Marialisa Scatà, Alessandro Di Stefano, Pietro Liò, Aurelio La Corte
In the real world, dynamic processes involving human beings are not disjoint. To capture the real complexity of such dynamics, we propose a novel model of the coevolution of epidemic and awareness spreading processes on a multiplex network, also introducing a preventive isolation strategy. Our aim is to evaluate and quantify the joint impact of heterogeneity and awareness, under different socioeconomic conditions. Considering, as case study, an emerging public health threat, Zika virus, we introduce a data-driven analysis by exploiting multiple sources and different types of data, ranging from Big Five personality traits to Google Trends, related to different world countries where there is an ongoing epidemic outbreak...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835704/preliminary-identification-of-coping-profiles-relevant-to-surrogate-decision-making-in-the-icu
#19
Jorie M Butler, Eliotte L Hirshberg, Ramona O Hopkins, Emily L Wilson, James F Orme, Sarah J Beesley, Kathryn Kuttler, Samuel M Brown
OBJECTIVE: The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is a stressful environment for families of critically ill patients and these individuals are at risk to develop persistent psychological morbidity. Our study objective was to identify individual differences in coping with stress and information presentation preferences of respondents exposed to a simulated ICU experience. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a university and two community populations. Participants completed questionnaires that measured demographic information and characteristics that may be relevant to an individual's ICU experience...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834535/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-comorbidity-trajectories-associated-with-traumatic-brain-injury-in-veterans-of-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-wars
#20
Mary Jo Pugh, Erin P Finley, Chen-Pin Wang, Laurel A Copeland, Carlos A Jaramillo, Alicia A Swan, Christine A Elnitsky, Luci K Leykum, Eric M Mortensen, Blessen A Eapen, Polly H Noel, Jacqueline A Pugh
OBJECTIVES: To identify and validate trajectories of comorbidity associated with traumatic brain injury in male and female Iraq and Afghanistan war Veterans (IAV). METHODS: Derivation and validation cohorts were compiled of IAV who entered the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) care and received 3 years of VA care between 2002-2011. Chronic disease and comorbidities associated with deployment including TBI were identified using diagnosis codes. A latent class analysis (LCA) of longitudinal comorbidity data was used to identify trajectories of comorbidity...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
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