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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916983/mandibular-reconstruction-for-pediatric-patients
#1
Loreto Castellon, Daniel Jerez, Jaime Mayorga, Alejandra Gallego, Carlos Fuenzalida, German Laissle
: Mandibular reconstruction in pediatric patients is controversial. The scant pediatric experience and the infrequent occurrence of this type of pathology in children complicate therapeutic decisions. The literature contains different treatment protocols and describes the bone graft alternatives to be used. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This is a retrospective review of patients under the age of 15 who were subjected to resection and reconstruction. RESULTS: A total of 18 patients were included in the study: 8 women and 10 men...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907204/a-simulation-model-of-nail-bed-suture-and-nail-fixation-description-and-preliminary-evaluation
#2
Ida Giurin, Jean Bréaud, Virginie Rampal, Olivier Rosello, Federico Solla
BACKGROUND: Wounds of the finger nail bed represent a frequent injury, especially in children. Residents often learn nail bed repair on patients without prior training. We aimed to develop and evaluate a "low-fidelity" simulation model of nail bed repair. METHODS: The model consists of a false nail on a plastic finger and a hydrocolloid dressing, which is pasted on the nail bed site and cut horizontally. This model allows nail bed suture and nail fixation...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902949/the-consideration-of-future-consequences-and-health-behaviour-a-meta-analysis
#3
Lisa Murphy, Samantha Dockray
The aim of this meta-analysis was to quantify the direction and strength of associations between the Consideration of Future Consequences (CFC) scale and intended and actual engagement in three categories of health-related behaviour: health risk, health promotive, and illness preventative/detective behaviour. A systematic literature search was conducted to identify studies that measured CFC and health behaviour. In total, sixty-four effect sizes were extracted from 53 independent samples. Effect sizes were synthesised using a random-effects model...
June 14, 2018: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899312/research-on-vegetable-pest-warning-system-based-on-multidimensional-big-data
#4
Changzhen Zhang, Jiahao Cai, Deqin Xiao, Yaowen Ye, Mohammad Chehelamirani
Pest early warning technology is part of the prerequisite for the timely and effective control of pest outbreaks. Traditional pest warning system with artificial mathematical statistics, radar, and remote sensing has some deficiency in many aspects, such as higher cost, weakness of accuracy, low efficiency, and so on. In this study, Pest image data was collected and information about four major vegetable pests ( Bemisia tabaci ( Gennadius ), Phyllotreta striolata ( Fabricius ), Plutella xylostella ( Linnaeus ), and Frankliniella occidentalis ( Pergande ) ( Thysanoptera , Thripidae )) in southern China was extracted...
June 13, 2018: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897260/leader-follower-attachment-implications-for-personality-assessment-in-organizational-contexts
#5
Hal S Shorey, Jason S Chaffin
As a life-span theory of personality that is supported by more than 40 years of empirical research, attachment theory and associated measures have contributed immensely to our understanding of emotion regulation, social dynamics, and behavior. Nevertheless, little attention has been given to how attachment dynamics influence relationships at work or the extent to which adult attachment patterns are mirrored in leaders' perceptions and behaviors toward their direct reports. Moreover, attachment measures that use romantic relationships as their referent might not be appropriate for use in organizational settings with executive clients...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888390/a-pilot-study-of-change-in-cerebral-activity-during-personality-rating-by-questionnaire-and-personal-computer
#6
Emi Sato, Kouhei Matsuda
The purpose of this study was to examine cerebral blood flow in the frontal cortex area during personality self-rating tasks. Our two hypotheses were (1) cerebral blood flow varies based on personality rating condition and (2) cerebral blood flow varies based on the personality traits. This experiment measured cerebral blood flow under 3 personal computer rating conditions and 2 questionnaire conditions. Comparing the rating conditions, the results of the t-test indicated that cerebral blood flow was higher in the questionnaire condition than it was in the personal computer condition...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884159/implementing-interprofessional-learning-curriculum-how-problems-might-also-be-answers
#7
Maree O'Keefe, Helena Ward
BACKGROUND: Despite interprofessional learning (IPL) being widely recognised as important for health care professions, embedding IPL within core curriculum remains a significant challenge. The aim of this study was to identify tensions associated with implementing IPL curriculum for educators and clinical supervisors, and to examine these findings from the perspective of activity theory and the expansive learning cycle (ELC). METHODS: We interviewed 12 faculty staff and ten health practitioners regarding IPL...
June 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882872/facebook-addiction-onset-predictors
#8
Roberta Biolcati, Giacomo Mancini, Virginia Pupi, Valeria Mugheddu
Worldwide, Facebook is becoming increasingly widespread as a communication platform. Young people especially use this social networking site daily to maintain and establish relationships. Despite the Facebook expansion in the last few years and the widespread acceptance of this social network, research into Facebook Addiction (FA) is still in its infancy. Hence, the potential predictors of Facebook overuse represent an important matter for investigation. This study aimed to deepen the understanding of the relationship between personality traits, social and emotional loneliness, life satisfaction, and Facebook addiction...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878796/linking-big-five-personality-traits-to-sexuality-and-sexual-health-a-meta-analytic-review
#9
Mark S Allen, Emma E Walter
This meta-analytic review addresses whether the major dimensions of trait personality relate to components of human sexuality. A comprehensive literature search identified 137 studies that met inclusion criteria (761 effect sizes; total n = 420,595). Pooled mean effects were computed using inverse-variance weighted random effects meta-analysis. Mean effect sizes from 100 separate meta-analyses provided evidence that personality relates to theoretically predicted components of sexuality and sexual health. Neuroticism was positively related to sexual dissatisfaction (r+ = ...
June 7, 2018: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861519/associations-between-personality-and-distress-tolerance-among-trauma-exposed-young-adults
#10
Nadia Chowdhury, Salpi Kevorkian, Sage E Hawn, Ananda B Amstadter, Danielle Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Erin C Berenz
Low distress tolerance (DT) is related to negative mental health outcomes, particularly among trauma-exposed populations, who are at greater risk for mental health problems. However, little is known about potential etiological factors underlying the development of perceived (i.e., self-report) or behaviorally assessed DT. The present study examined associations between Big Five personality factors (i.e., openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, & neuroticism) and multiple measures of DT...
January 1, 2018: Personality and Individual Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849153/a-small-amount-of-mini-charged-dark-matter-could-cool-the-baryons-in-the-early-universe
#11
Julian B Muñoz, Abraham Loeb
The dynamics of our Universe is strongly influenced by pervasive-albeit elusive-dark matter, with a total mass about five times the mass of all the baryons1,2 . Despite this, its origin and composition remain a mystery. All evidence for dark matter relies on its gravitational pull on baryons, and thus such evidence does not require any non-gravitational coupling between baryons and dark matter. Nonetheless, some small coupling would explain the comparable cosmic abundances of dark matter and baryons 3 , as well as solving structure-formation puzzles in the pure cold-dark-matter models 4 ...
May 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806202/a-look-into-the-relationship-between-personality-traits-and-basic-values-a-longitudinal-investigation
#12
Michele Vecchione, Guido Alessandri, Sonia Roccas, Gian Vittorio Caprara
OBJECTIVE: The present study examines the longitudinal association between basic personal values and the Big Five personality traits. METHOD: A sample of 546 young adults (57% females) with a mean age of 21.68 years (SD = 1.60) completed the Portrait Values Questionnaire and the Big Five Questionnaire at three-time points, each separated by an interval of four years. Cross-lagged models were used to investigate the possible reciprocal relations between traits and values, after the stability of the variables was taken into account...
May 27, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806150/personality-and-political-preferences-over-time-evidence-from-a-multi-wave-longitudinal-study
#13
Pierce D Ekstrom, Christopher M Federico
OBJECTIVE: To investigate how the relations between the Big Five personality traits and political preferences develop over a campaign. METHOD: We rely on a 6-wave nationwide longitudinal survey from the 2008 U.S. election that included 20,000 respondents. Mean age: 49 (SD=15). 53% of respondents were women, 47% men. 82% were White, 8% Black, 6% Hispanic/Latino, 1% Asian, 1% Native American, and 2% other. Survey weights were applied to approximate a representative sample of the U...
May 27, 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793544/consistency-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-people-living-with-hiv-latent-statetrait-analysis
#14
Marcin Rzeszutek, Ewa Gruszczyńska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine the consistency of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among people living with HIV (PLWH) by breaking down the variance of repeated HRQoL measures into trait, state, and method components and to test the stability of HRQoL over time. In addition, we wanted to examine whether HRQoL trait components are related to personality traits, while controlling for selected socio-medical variables. METHODS: Three assessments were performed with a six-month lag on each assessment...
May 24, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792523/personality-homophily-and-geographic-distance-in-facebook
#15
Nyala Noë, Roger M Whitaker, Stuart M Allen
Personality homophily remains an understudied aspect of social networks, with the traditional focus concerning sociodemographic variables as the basis for assortativity, rather than psychological dispositions. We consider the effect of personality homophily on one of the biggest constraints to human social networks: geographic distance. We use the Big five model of personality to make predictions for each of the five facets: Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism...
May 24, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792501/optimizing-the-length-width-and-balance-of-a-personality-scale-how-do-internal-characteristics-affect-external-validity
#16
Christopher J Soto, Oliver P John
How well can scores on a personality scale predict criteria such as behaviors and life outcomes? This question concerns external validity, which is a core aspect of personality assessment. The present research was conducted to examine how external validity is influenced by a trait scale's internal characteristics, such as its length (number of items), width (breadth of content), and balance (between positively and negatively keyed items). Participants completed the Big Five Inventory-2 (BFI-2), and were also assessed on a set of self-reported and peer-reported validity criteria...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792092/the-relationship-between-narcissism-and-personality-traits-of-the-five-factor-model-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#17
Marc Allroggen, Peter Rehmann, Eva Schürch, Carolyn C Morf, Michael Kölch
Introduction: Narcissism is seen as a multidimensional construct that consists of two manifestations: grandiose and vulnerable narcissism. In order to define these two manifestations, their relationship to personality factors has increasingly become of interest. However, so far no studies have considered the relationship between different phenotypes of narcissism and personality factors in adolescents. Method: In a cross-sectional study, we examine a group of adolescents (n = 98; average age 16...
May 24, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787593/improving-the-effectiveness-of-performance-feedback-by-considering-personality-traits-and-task-demands
#18
Victor Swift, Jordan B Peterson
Although performance feedback is widely employed as a means to improve motivation, the efficacy and reliability of performance feedback is often obscured by individual differences and situational variables. The joint role of these moderating variables remains unknown. Accordingly, we investigate how the motivational impact of feedback is moderated by personality and task-difficulty. Utilizing three samples (total N = 916), we explore how Big Five personality traits moderate the motivational impact of false positive and negative feedback on playful, neutral, and frustrating puzzle tasks, respectively...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781730/the-positive-side-of-effort-a-review-of-the-impact-of-motivation-and-engagement-on-neuropsychological-performance
#19
Benjamin D Hill, Stephen L Aita
Almost the entirety of research on effort in clinical neuropsychology has focused on negative aspects of effort in neuropsychological assessment, with most work over the last 20 years emphasizing feigned cognitive impairment. In contrast, few studies have explored trait-level positive influences on motivation and engagement in regard to neuropsychological testing. This paper reviews potential constructs associated with positive aspects of effort in neuropsychological testing, including conation, grit, Need for Cognition, and personality factors from the Five Factor Model of personality (Big Five)...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781694/family-medicine-training-in-africa-views-of-clinical-trainers-and-trainees
#20
Louis S Jenkins, Klaus Von Pressentin
BACKGROUND:  This article reports on the findings of a workshop held at the joint 5th World Organisation of Family Doctors (WONCA) Africa and 20th National Family Practitioners Conference in Tshwane, South Africa, in 2017. Postgraduate training for family medicine in Africa takes place in the clinical workspace at the bedside or next to the patient in the clinic, district hospital or regional hospital. Direct supervisor observation, exchange of reflection and feedback, and learning conversations between the supervisor and the registrar are central to learning and assessment processes...
April 12, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
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