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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818820/opportunities-of-mhealth-in-preconception-care-preferences-and-experiences-of-patients-and-health-care-providers-and-other-involved-professionals
#1
Matthijs R Van Dijk, Maria Ph Koster, Ageeth N Rosman, Regine Pm Steegers-Theunissen
BACKGROUND: The importance of the preconception period and preconception care (PCC) are broadly acknowledged and the potential benefits regarding health promotion have been studied extensively. PCC provides the opportunity to identify, prevent, and treat modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors to optimize the health of couples trying to become pregnant. The prevalence of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors in these couples is high, but the uptake of PCC remains low. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify the preferences and experiences of women and men (patients) trying to become pregnant and of health care providers and other involved professionals regarding mobile health (mHealth), in particular the coaching platform Smarter Pregnancy, and its potential role in PCC...
August 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817642/data-sharing-as-social-dilemma-influence-of-the-researcher-s-personality
#2
Stephanie B Linek, Benedikt Fecher, Sascha Friesike, Marcel Hebing
It is widely acknowledged that data sharing has great potential for scientific progress. However, so far making data available has little impact on a researcher's reputation. Thus, data sharing can be conceptualized as a social dilemma. In the presented study we investigated the influence of the researcher's personality within the social dilemma of data sharing. The theoretical background was the appropriateness framework. We conducted a survey among 1564 researchers about data sharing, which also included standardized questions on selected personality factors, namely the so-called Big Five, Machiavellianism and social desirability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813478/development-and-validation-of-a-multi-dimensional-measure-of-intellectual-humility
#3
Mark Alfano, Kathryn Iurino, Paul Stey, Brian Robinson, Markus Christen, Feng Yu, Daniel Lapsley
This paper presents five studies on the development and validation of a scale of intellectual humility. This scale captures cognitive, affective, behavioral, and motivational components of the construct that have been identified by various philosophers in their conceptual analyses of intellectual humility. We find that intellectual humility has four core dimensions: Open-mindedness (versus Arrogance), Intellectual Modesty (versus Vanity), Corrigibility (versus Fragility), and Engagement (versus Boredom). These dimensions display adequate self-informant agreement, and adequate convergent, divergent, and discriminant validity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810502/brief-report-how-short-is-too-short-an-ultra-brief-measure-of-the-big-five-personality-domains-implicates-agreeableness-as-a-risk-for-all-cause-mortality
#4
Benjamin P Chapman, Ari J Elliot
Controversy exists over the use of brief Big Five scales in health studies. We investigated links between an ultra-brief measure, the Big Five Inventory-10, and mortality in the General Social Survey. The Agreeableness scale was associated with elevated mortality risk (hazard ratio = 1.26, p = .017). This effect was attributable to the reversed-scored item "Tends to find fault with others," so that greater fault-finding predicted lower mortality risk. The Conscientiousness scale approached meta-analytic estimates, which were not precise enough for significance...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801323/transvaginal-postpartum-manual-removal-of-a-prolapsed-submucous-leiomyoma-initially-diagnosed-hybrid-predominantly-intramural
#5
Wael Elgonaid, Reem Belkhir, Vincent Boama
We present a rare case of a large infarcted submucous fibroid removed manually after a normal vaginal delivery. This patient was known to have a large postero-fundal hybrid predominantly intramural uterine fibroid, measuring 11 x 10 cm in diameter and diagnosed 2 years prior to last conception. Thirty-five days postpartum, she presented with severe lower abdominal pain and foul smell per vaginum. Abdominal examination revealed a very tender bulky uterus at 24 weeks size, and vaginal examination revealed a big fleshy smelly mass with friable surface just bulging from a dilated cervix...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799885/state-resident-neuroticism-accounts-for-life-satisfaction-differences-between-conservative-and-liberal-states-of-the-usa
#6
Stewart J H McCann
Past research indicates associations between higher conservatism and higher life satisfaction, lower neuroticism and higher life satisfaction, and higher conservatism and lower neuroticism. Qualified deduction led to the following hypothesis: Neuroticism can account for the association between higher conservatism and higher life satisfaction. The 50 American states served as the units of analysis. Responses of 619,397 residents to the 44-item Big Five Inventory in an internet survey conducted from 1999 to 2005 provided mean neuroticism scores for each state...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796983/the-quality-of-life-among-middle-school-adolescents-in-krakow
#7
Agnieszka Magiera, Agata Sowa, Ryszard Jacek, Agnieszka Pac
AIM: The aim of the study was to describe the quality of life of Polish adolescents living in a big city and to investigate whether there are differences in this respect between girls and boys. Moreover, we would like to compare the results concerning the quality of life of the screened adolescents from Krakow with those of their European peers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The survey was carried out in 2013-2015 in 17 middle schools in Krakow based on anonymous auditorium questionnaires...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795158/replication-and-characterization-of-cadm2-and-msra-genes-on-human-behavior
#8
Brian Boutwell, David Hinds, Jorim Tielbeek, Ken K Ong, Felix R Day, John R B Perry
Progress identifying the genetic determinants of personality has historically been slow, with candidate gene studies and small-scale genome-wide association studies yielding few reproducible results. In the UK Biobank study, genetic variants in CADM2 and MSRA were recently shown to influence risk taking behavior and irritability respectively, representing some of the first genomic loci to be associated with aspects of personality. We extend this observation by performing a personality "phenome-scan" across 16 traits in up to 140,487 participants from 23andMe for these two genes...
July 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792703/study-of-myoc-gene-mutation-in-poag-patients-in-zahedan-iran
#9
Mehrnaz Narooie-Nejad, Ava Rasouli, Mahdieh Mousavi, Mohammad R Rohani
BACKGROUND: The second cause of blindness in the world is glaucoma that begins with visual impairments and, in many cases, ends with irreversible visual loss. Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the most common type of glaucoma, which causes irreversible optic nerve damage in adults. Glaucoma shows an unknown etiology, but there is strong evidence regarding the role of genetic factors in disease establishment. For determination of the role of MYOC gene mutations in the development of POAG in Zahedan, Iran, screening of this gene was performed...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790947/the-high-five-associations-of-the-five-positive-factors-with-the-big-five-and-well-being
#10
Alejandro C Cosentino, Alejandro Castro Solano
The study of individual differences in positive characteristics has mainly focused on moral traits. The objectives of this research were to study individual differences in positive characteristics from the point of view of the layperson, including non-moral individual characteristics, and to generate a replicable model of positive factors. Three studies based on a lexical approach were conducted. The first study generated a corpus of words which resulted in a refined list of socially shared positive characteristics...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780715/innovation-in-neurosurgery-less-than-ideal-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
I S Muskens, S J H Diederen, J T Senders, A H Zamanipoor Najafabadi, W R van Furth, A M May, T R Smith, A L Bredenoord, M L D Broekman
BACKGROUND: Surgical innovation is different from the introduction of novel pharmaceuticals. To help address this, in 2009 the IDEAL Collaboration (Idea, Development, Exploration, Assessment, Long-term follow-up) introduced the five-stage framework for surgical innovation. To evaluate the framework feasibility for novel neurosurgical procedure introduction, two innovative surgical procedures were examined: the endoscopic endonasal approach for skull base meningiomas (EEMS) and the WovenEndobridge (WEB device) for endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms...
August 6, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769751/neuronal-correlates-of-individual-differences-in-the-big-five-personality-traits-evidences-from-cortical-morphology-and-functional-homogeneity
#12
Ting Li, Xu Yan, Yuan Li, Junjie Wang, Qiang Li, Hong Li, Junfeng Li
There have been many neuroimaging studies of human personality traits, and it have already provided glimpse into the neurobiology of complex traits. And most of previous studies adopt voxel-based morphology (VBM) analysis to explore the brain-personality mechanism from two levels (vertex and regional based), the findings are mixed with great inconsistencies and the brain-personality relations are far from a full understanding. Here, we used a new method of surface-based morphology (SBM) analysis, which provides better alignment of cortical landmarks to generate about the associations between cortical morphology and the personality traits across 120 healthy individuals at both vertex and regional levels...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756337/epilepsy-related-romantic-and-sexual-relationship-problems-and-concerns-indications-from-internet-message-boards
#13
Wendy R Miller, Amanda N Gesselman, Justin R Garcia, Doyle Groves, Janice M Buelow
The objective of this study was to, utilizing a Big Data set and innovative methods, explore romantic and sexual relationship-related concerns among people with epilepsy and their partners. We applied Word Adjacency Graph modeling to more than 2000 message board posts, and five distinct categories of romantic and sexual relationship-related concerns emerged. We conclude that persons with epilepsy are at particular risk for the experience of decrements in their romantic and sexual relationships, which can negatively impact their self-management and overall health...
July 27, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752994/mo-6-doping-in-li3vo4-anode-for-li-ion-batteries-significantly-improve-the-reversible-capacity-and-rate-performance
#14
Youzhong Dong, He Duan, Kyu-Sung Park, Yanming Zhao
Consider the almost insulator for pure Li3VO4 with a band gap of 3.77 eV, to significantly improve the electrical conductivity, the novel Li3V1-xMoxO4 (x = 0.00, 0.01, 0.02, 0.05, and 0.10) anode materials were prepared successfully by simple sol-gel method. Our calculations show that, by substitute Mo(6+) for V(5+), the extra electron occupied the V 3p empty orbital and caused the Fermi level shift up into the conduction band, where the Mo-doped Li3VO4 presents electrical conductor. The V/I curve measurements show that, by Mo doping in V site, the electronic conductivity of the Li3VO4 was increased by 5 orders of magnitude...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746388/the-role-of-personality-in-health-care-use-results-of-a-population-based-longitudinal-study-in-germany
#15
André Hajek, Jens-Oliver Bock, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of personality in health care use longitudinally. METHODS: Data were derived from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), a nationally representative, longitudinal cohort study of German households starting in 1984. Concentrating on the role of personality, we used data from the years 2005, 2009 and 2013. Personality was measured by using the GSOEP Big Five Inventory (BFI-S). Number of physician visits in the last 3 months and hospital stays in the last year were used as measures of health care use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746379/confirmation-of-independent-introductions-of-an-exotic-plant-pathogen-of-cornus-species-discula-destructiva-on-the-east-and-west-coasts-of-north-america
#16
Kristie Mantooth, Denita Hadziabdic, Sarah Boggess, Mark Windham, Stephen Miller, Guohong Cai, Joseph Spatafora, Ning Zhang, Meg Staton, Bonnie Ownley, Robert Trigiano
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) and C. nuttallii (Pacific dogwood) are North American native tree species that belong to the big-bracted group of dogwoods. Cornus species are highly valued for their ornamental characteristics, and have fruits that contain high fat content for animals. Also, they are an important understory tree in natural forests. Dogwood anthracnose, caused by Discula destructiva, was observed in the late 1970s on the east and west coasts of the United States and by 1991 had quickly spread throughout most of the native ranges of C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745427/relationship-between-work-family-balance-and-job-satisfaction-among-employees-in-china-a-moderated-mediation-model
#17
Yue Yu, Yuchen Wang, Jianxin Zhang
Previous studies have revealed the association between work-family balance and job satisfaction. The present research further explored the underlying mechanism of this association and aimed to provide a moderated mediation model to explain if personality traits moderate the relationship between work-family balance and job satisfaction through work engagement. A cross-sectional study was conducted in which 263 employees from a petrochemical enterprise in China completed self-report questionnaires including the Work-Family Balance Scale, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, the Big Five Inventory-10, and the Job Satisfaction Scale...
July 26, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742408/risk-competence-in-dealing-with-alcohol-and-other-drugs-in-adolescence
#18
Ede Nagy, Rolf Verres, Dennis Grevenstein
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase for the development substance use patterns. We propose that individual competence in dealing with psychoactive substances is crucial for the development of healthy substance use behavior and prevention of substance misuse or addiction. OBJECTIVES: We present a new concept of health related skills in dealing with alcohol and other drugs in adolescence, its operationalization and validation. Our conception of risk competence (RICO) consists of the four major factors being Reflective, Informed, Self-Controlled and Life-Oriented, and their sub-facets...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736483/predicting-romantic-interest-at-zero-acquaintance-evidence-of-sex-differences-in-trait-perception-but-not-in-predictors-of-interest
#19
Sally G Olderbak, Frederic Malter, Pedro Sofio Abril Wolf, Daniel N Jones, Aurelio José Figueredo
We evaluated five competing hypotheses about what predicts romantic interest. Through a half-block quasi-experimental design, a large sample of young adults (i.e., responders; n = 335) viewed videos of opposite-sex persons (i.e., targets) talking about themselves and responders rated the targets' traits and their romantic interest in the target. We tested whether similarity, dissimilarity, or overall trait levels on mate value, physical attractiveness, life history strategy, and the Big-Five personality factors predicted romantic interest at zero acquaintance, and whether sex acted as a moderator...
January 2017: European Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732750/personality-predicts-the-vibrancy-of-colour-imagery-the-case-of-synaesthesia
#20
Shyla R Hossain, Julia Simner, Alberta Ipser
In this study we show that personality traits predict the physical qualities of mentally generated colours, using the case of synaesthesia. Developmental grapheme-colour synaesthetes have the automatic lifelong association of colours paired to letters or digits. Although these colours are internal mental constructs, they can be measured along physical dimensions such as saturation and luminance. The personality of synaesthetes can also be quantified using self-report questionnaires relating, for example, to the five major traits of Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, and Openness to Experience...
July 1, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
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