keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Altruism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024875/social-networking-online-to-recover-from-opioid-use-disorder-a-study-of-community-interactions
#1
Alexandra R D'Agostino, Allison R Optican, Shaina J Sowles, Melissa J Krauss, Kiriam Escobar Lee, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
BACKGROUND: Social media has increasingly become a venue for health discourse and support, particularly for vulnerable individuals. This study examines user-generated content of an online Reddit community targeting individuals recovering from opiate addiction. METHODS: 100 Reddit posts and their comments were collected from the online community on August 19, 2016. Posts were qualitatively coded for opioid use disorder (OUD) criteria as outlined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), as well as other common themes...
October 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020785/-how-is-the-czech-oocyte-donor-the-analysis-of-their-profile
#2
T Rumpíková, I Oborná, S Bělašková, D Rumpík
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate (a) the basic socio-demographic characteristics of Czech oocytes donors, (b) their attitudes towards anonymous or nonanonymous donation and (c) their motivations to donate oocytes. DESIGN: Original article. SETTING: Clinic of Reproductive Medicine and Gynecology Zlin. METHODS: A total of 215 oocytes donors participated in this study, which was undertaken in years 2015-2016...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983952/general-and-professional-values-of-student-nurses-and-nurse-educators
#3
Olga Riklikiene, Laima Karosas, Snieguole Kaseliene
AIM: To explore and compare the self-reported general and professional values in undergraduate student nurses and nurse educators in Lithuania. BACKGROUND: Contemporary nursing requires strong moral motivation and clear values as nurses confront many ethical dilemas in their practice. Students acquire essential values of the nursing profession through the appropriate role modeling of their educators. Nursing students seek to become capable in providing ethical and professional patient care while their educators attempt to model desired behaviors...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971831/selfless-giving-in-medicine-a-study-of-altruistic-attitudes-among-medical-students
#4
S Sanjai, Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
INTRODUCTION: An important virtue in the medical profession is altruism, which makes a doctor serve without an excess of expectation of return. OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of altruism and factors influencing altruism among medical students at a medical college in Chennai. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 224 students from the first, third and fourth years. We prepared a questionnaire which contained questions from the previously validated Altruistic Personality Scale...
September 19, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966396/relatives-in-residence-relatedness-of-household-members-drives-schooling-differentials-in-mozambique
#5
Sara Lopus
Children typically receive investments from their fathers, but absent fathers often invest at low levels. In fathers' absence, what types of non-fathers invest heavily in children? This paper investigates educational participation as a reflection of childhood investments on Ibo Island, Mozambique, where only one third of school-aged children live with their biological fathers. Father-present children generally attended school at the highest rates. Stepchildren and father-absent relatives (e.g. grandchildren, nieces) attended school at comparably high rates if any co-residing children were father-present...
August 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966013/more-on-altruism-moral-behavior-and-assent-by-children-for-research
#6
EDITORIAL
Richard Shader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955406/the-global-lung-function-initiative-gli-network-bringing-the-world-s-respiratory-reference-values-together
#7
REVIEW
Brendan G Cooper, Janet Stocks, Graham L Hall, Bruce Culver, Irene Steenbruggen, Kim W Carter, Bruce Robert Thompson, Brian L Graham, Martin R Miller, Gregg Ruppel, John Henderson, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso, Sanja Stanojevic
The Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) Network has become the largest resource for reference values for routine lung function testing ever assembled. This article addresses how the GLI Network came about, why it is important, and its current challenges and future directions. It is an extension of an article published in Breathe in 2013 [1], and summarises recent developments and the future of the GLI Network. KEY POINTS: The Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) Network was established as a result of international collaboration, and altruism between researchers, clinicians and industry partners...
September 2017: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943990/motivators-and-barriers-of-tamoxifen-use-as-risk-reducing-medication-amongst-women-at-increased-breast-cancer-risk-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
B Meiser, W K T Wong, M Peate, C Julian-Reynier, J Kirk, G Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Selective estrogen receptor modulators, such as tamoxifen, reduce breast cancer risk by up to 50% in women at increased risk for breast cancer. Despite tamoxifen's well-established efficacy, many studies show that most women are not taking up tamoxifen. This systematic literature review aimed to identify the motivators and barriers to tamoxifen use 's amongst high-risk women. METHODS: Using MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Embase plus reviewing reference lists of relevant articles published between 1995 and 2016, 31 studies (published in 35 articles) were identified, which addressed high-risk women's decisions about risk-reducing medication to prevent breast cancer and were peer-reviewed primary clinical studies...
2017: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932961/enrolling-genomics-research-participants-through-a-clinical-setting-the-impact-of-existing-clinical-relationships-on-informed-consent-and-expectations-for-return-of-research-results
#9
Courtney Berrios, Cynthia A James, Karen Raraigh, Juli Bollinger, Brittney Murray, Crystal Tichnell, Carolyn D Applegate, Amanda L Bergner
Genetic counselors working in a clinical setting may find themselves recruiting, enrolling, and returning results for genomic research, and existing clinical relationships with study participants may impact these research interactions. We present a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews of participants enrolled in a genome sequencing/exome sequencing (GS/ES) study at the same institution where they receive clinical care. Interviews were coded for motivations to participate and expectations of this research...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913979/physical-pain-increases-interpersonal-trust-in-females
#10
C Wang, J Gao, Y Ma, C Zhu, X-W Dong
BACKGROUND: People behave and interact with others differently when experiencing physical pain. Pain has dramatic effects on one's emotional responses, cognitive functions and social interaction. However, little has been known about whether and how physical pain influences interpersonal trust in social interaction. In the present study, we examined the influence of physical pain on trusting behaviour. METHODS: A total of 112 healthy participants were recruited and assigned to physical pain condition (induced by Capsaicin) and control condition (with hand cream), respectively...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901604/are-children-rational-decision-makers-when-they-are-asked-to-value-their-own-health-a-contingent-valuation-study-conducted-with-children-and-their-parents
#11
Carla Guerriero, John Cairns, Fabrizio Bianchi, Liliana Cori
Despite the importance of including children's preferences in the valuation of their own health benefits, no study has investigated the ability of children to understand willingness-to-pay (WTP) questions. Using a contingent valuation method, we elicit children's and parents' WTP to reduce children's risk of an asthma attack. Our results suggest that children are able to understand and value their own health risk reductions, and their ability to do so improves with age. Child age was found to be inversely related to parents' and children's WTP...
September 13, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899811/group-selection-in-behavioral-evolution
#12
REVIEW
Howard Rachlin
How may patterns of behavior change over an organism's lifetime? The answer is that they evolve (behavioral evolution) as species evolve over generations (biological evolution). In biological evolution, under certain conditions, groups of cooperative organisms would be selected over groups of non-cooperative organisms, even when cooperation imposes a cost to individuals. Analogously, in behavioral evolution, patterns of acts may be selected even when each individual act in the pattern is costly. Although there is considerable debate among biologists whether the conditions for group selection are met in biological evolution, it is argued here that they are met in behavioral evolution (as well as in cultural evolution)...
September 9, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899565/local-neighbors-as-positives-regional-neighbors-as-negatives-competing-channels-in-the-relationship-between-others-income-health-and-happiness
#13
John Ifcher, Homa Zarghamee, Carol Graham
That well-being is decreasing in others' income is termed the "relative income hypothesis" (RIH) by scholars of subjective well-being (SWB) and has substantial empirical support. Some studies, however, present evidence of both positive and negative explanatory channels in the relationship between others' income and SWB. We develop a theoretical framework integrating four distinct channels through which neighbors' income can affect utility: public goods, cost of living, expectations of future income, and direct effects (RIH or altruism)...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889088/participation-in-randomised-controlled-trials-perspectives-of-psychiatric-patients-and-key-relatives
#14
Donae Elizabeth George, Saumil Dholakia, Prathap Tharyan
This study assessed the perspectives of adults who had acute nonorganic psychiatric disorders and were admitted in a private, not for- profit medical college hospital, and also of their key relatives, on randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Structured questionnaires and audio-recorded interviews were used for the purpose. We explored their willingness and motivation to participate in two hypothetical RCTs with different risks and burdens. The transcripts of the interviews were analysed using the principles of grounded theory and framework analysis...
August 1, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884418/altruism-and-religion-a-new-paradigm-for-organ-donation
#15
Aviad Rabinowich, Alan Jotkowitz
Activity of NGO's supporting living donor kidney donations can affect the shortage of kidneys. Matnat Chaim is a Jewish orthodox organization active in Israel since 2009. This is a voluntary organization with aims to shorten and eliminate the waiting list for kidneys. Since the beginning of its activity, it has said to play a key role in 379 kidney transplantations. In 2015, out of 174 live donor kidney transplantations that took place in Israel, Matnat Chaim had a key role in 88 of them (50.6%). We found some ethical issues concerning the organization's activity...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880880/volunteer-motivators-for-participating-in-hiv-vaccine-clinical-trials-in-nairobi-kenya
#16
Borna A Nyaoke, Gaudensia N Mutua, Rose Sajabi, Delvin Nyasani, Marianne W Mureithi, Omu A Anzala
BACKGROUND: 1.5 million Kenyans are living with HIV/AIDS as per 2015 estimates. Though there is a notable decline in new HIV infections, continued effort is still needed to develop an efficacious, accessible and affordable HIV vaccine. HIV vaccine clinical trials bear risks, hence a need to understand volunteer motivators for enrolment, retention and follow-up. Understanding the factors that motivate volunteers to participate in a clinical trial can help to strategize, refine targeting and thus increase enrolment of volunteers in future HIV vaccine clinical trials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878990/human-altruism-evolution-and-moral-philosophy
#17
William J FitzPatrick
This paper has two central aims. The first is to explore philosophical complications that arise when we move from (i) explaining the evolutionary origins of genetically influenced traits associated with human cooperation and altruism, to (ii) explaining present manifestations of human thought, feeling and behaviour involving cooperation and altruism. While the former need only appeal to causal factors accessible to scientific inquiry, the latter must engage also with a distinctive form of explanation, i.e. reason-giving explanation, which in turn raises important philosophical questions, the answers to which will affect the nature of the ultimate explanations of our moral beliefs and related actions...
August 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877515/neural-congruence-between-intertemporal-and-interpersonal-self-control-evidence-from-delay-and-social-discounting
#18
Paul F Hill, Richard Yi, R Nathan Spreng, Rachel A Diana
Behavioral studies using delay and social discounting as indices of self-control and altruism, respectively, have revealed functional similarities between farsighted and social decisions. However, neural evidence for this functional link is lacking. Twenty-five young adults completed a delay and social discounting task during fMRI scanning. A spatiotemporal partial least squares analysis revealed that both forms of discounting were well characterized by a pattern of brain activity in areas comprising frontoparietal control, default, and mesolimbic reward networks...
September 4, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867430/thoughts-about-journals-altruism-impact-factors-marijuana-and-the-physician-labeling-rule
#19
EDITORIAL
Richard I Shader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865941/a-field-study-of-the-association-between-cd38-gene-and-altruistic-behavior-empathic-response-as-a-mediator
#20
Jinting Liu, Pingyuan Gong, Hong Li, Xiaolin Zhou
Inspired by the enhancement effects of oxytocin on empathic responses and altruistic behaviors, we conducted a field study with a real fundraising event and investigated to what extent oxytocin pathway genes (CD38 and OXTR) modulate individual differences in charitable donation. Participants were informed that a teacher in their university was diagnosed with uremia and could not afford the cost of medication. They were given the opportunity to donate any amount of money and report their empathic responses to the misfortune of the teacher...
August 12, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
keyword
keyword
9115
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"