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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148175/treatment-efficacy-of-a-probiotic-preparation-for-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-a-pilot-trial
#1
Elina Manzhalii, Oleksandr Virchenko, Tetyana Falalyeyeva, Tetyana Beregova, Wolfgang Stremmel
AIM: To evaluate the therapeutic effect of a probiotic cocktail containing lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, and Streptococcus thermophilus on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). METHODS: In this open-label trial, 75 patients with NASH fed a low-fat/low-calorie diet were randomly divided into the control group (n = 37) and the experimental group (n = 38) also receiving the probiotic cocktail once daily for 12 weeks. RESULTS: All patients were diagnosed with fatty liver by ultrasound examination and had elevated levels of gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and slightly increased body mass index (BMI) and cholesterol levels...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146053/usefulness-of-a-direct-immunofluorescence-in-the-diagnosis-of-plaque-type-oral-lichen-planus
#2
Patricia Alejandra Masquijo-Bisio, Mariana Silvia Gandolfo, Alicia Keszler, Maria Elina Itoiz, María Luisa Paparella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145765/epidemiological-and-treatment-related-factors-contribute-to-improved-outcome-of-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-finland
#3
Lauri Jouhi, Elina Halme, Heikki Irjala, Kauko Saarilahti, Petri Koivunen, Matti Pukkila, Jaana Hagström, Caj Haglund, Paula Lindholm, Pasi Hirvikoski, Samuli Vaittinen, Anna Ellonen, Jukka Tikanto, Henry Blomster, Jussi Laranne, Reidar Grénman, Antti Mäkitie, Timo Atula
BACKGROUND: Treatment for oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) has changed, as the proportion of human papilloma virus (HPV)-related disease has increased. We evaluated nationwide information on its management and outcome during the treatment paradigm change period. METHODS: We included all patients diagnosed and treated for OPSCC at the five Finnish university hospitals from 2000 to 2009. Patient records and pathology registries provided the clinicopathological data...
November 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145536/the-effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-newly-diagnosed-type-1-diabetes-patients-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
Elina Gregoriou, Ioannis Mamais, Irene Tzanetakou, Giagkos Lavranos, Stavri Chrysostomou
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of vitamin D supplementation in patients newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (T1D) assessed by insulin needs and changes in glycemic indices, as evidenced by randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: A total of 7 RCTs were retrieved from PubMed/Medline and EBSCO databases by MeSH term search, and were reviewed systematically. The RCTs included examined the effects of alphacalcidole (n = 2), cholecalciferol (n = 2), and calcitriol (n = 3) supplementation on changes in daily insulin dose (DID), fasting Cpeptide (FCP), stimulated C-peptide (SCP), and HbA1c...
July 2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138440/structural-basis-for-dna-recognition-of-a-single-stranded-dna-binding-protein-from-enterobacter-phage-enc34
#5
Elina Cernooka, Janis Rumnieks, Kaspars Tars, Andris Kazaks
Modern DNA sequencing capabilities have led to the discovery of a large number of new bacteriophage genomes, which are a rich source of novel proteins with an unidentified biological role. The genome of Enterobacter cancerogenus bacteriophage Enc34 contains several proteins of unknown function that are nevertheless conserved among distantly related phages. Here, we report the crystal structure of a conserved Enc34 replication protein ORF6 which contains a domain of unknown function DUF2815. Despite the low (~15%) sequence identity, the Enc34 ORF6 structurally resembles the gene 2...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132251/hearing-impairment-is-common-among-saami-adults-in-northern-finland
#6
Venla Lohi, Pasi Ohtonen, Pekka Aikio, Martti Sorri, Elina Mäki-Torkko, Samuli Hannula
The Saami are the only indigenous population in Europe and their traditional living area is northern Scandinavia. Hearing impairment (HI) among Saami has not been studied before. The objective was to investigate the presence and type of HI among Saami adults, aged 49-77 years (median age 61 years), living in northern Finland. In addition, the presence of self-reported hearing difficulties, difficulties to hear in background noise and tinnitus were studied. An epidemiological, cross-sectional study encompassing a structured interview, otological examination and audiometry was performed...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127226/risk-of-sudden-cardiac-death-in-relation-to-season-specific-cold-spells-a-case-crossover-study-in-finland
#7
Niilo R I Ryti, Elina M S Mäkikyrö, Harri Antikainen, Eeva Hookana, M Juhani Junttila, Tiina M Ikäheimo, Marja-Leena Kortelainen, Heikki V Huikuri, Jouni J K Jaakkola
OBJECTIVE: To test a priori hypothesis of an association between season-specific cold spells and sudden cardiac death (SCD). METHODS: We conducted a case-crossover study of 3614 autopsy-verified cases of SCD in the Province of Oulu, Finland (1998-2011). Cold spell was statistically defined by applying an individual frequency distribution of daily temperatures at the home address during the hazard period (7 days preceding death) and 50 reference periods (same calendar days of other years) for each case using the home coordinates...
November 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125566/botulinum-toxin-in-management-of-limb-tremor
#8
REVIEW
Elina Zakin, David Simpson
Essential tremor is characterized by persistent, usually bilateral and symmetric, postural or kinetic activation of agonist and antagonist muscles involving either the distal or proximal upper extremity. Quality of life is often affected and one's ability to perform daily tasks becomes impaired. Oral therapies, including propranolol and primidone, can be effective in the management of essential tremor, although adverse effects can limit their use and about 50% of individuals lack response to oral pharmacotherapy...
November 10, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125455/ictv-virus-taxonomy-profile-pleolipoviridae
#9
Dennis H Bamford, Maija K Pietilä, Elina Roine, Nina S Atanasova, Ana Dienstbier, Hanna M Oksanen, Ictv Report Consortium
Members of the family Pleolipoviridae (termed pleolipoviruses) are pseudo-spherical and pleomorphic archaeal viruses. The enveloped virion is a simple membrane vesicle, which encloses different types of DNA genomes of approximately 7-16 kbp (or kilonucleotides). Typically, virions contain a single type of transmembrane (spike) protein at the envelope and a single type of membrane protein, which is embedded in the envelope and located in the internal side of the membrane. All viruses infect extremely halophilic archaea in the class Halobacteria (phylum Euryarchaeota)...
November 10, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116794/time-resolved-fluorescence-spectroscopy-reveals-fine-structure-and-dynamics-of-poly-l-lysine-and-polyethylenimine-based-dna-polyplexes
#10
Ekaterina S Lisitsyna, Tiia-Maaria Caroline Ketola, Emmanuelle Morin-Picardat, Huamin Liang, Martina Hanzlikova, Arto Urtti, Marjo Yliperttula, Elina Vuorimaa-Laukkanen
Structural dynamics of the polyethyleneimine - DNA and poly(L-lysine) - DNA complexes (polyplexes) was studied by steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technique. During the formation of the DNA polyplexes the negative phosphate groups (P) of DNA are bound by the positive amine groups (N) of the polymer. At N/P ratio 2 nearly all the DNA's P-groups are bound by the polymer N groups: these complexes form the core of the polyplexes. The excess polymer, added to this system to increase the N/P ratio to the values giving efficient gene delivery, forms a positively charged shell around the core polyplex...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105503/gc%C3%A3-gc-qms-analyses-of-campomanesia-guazumifolia-cambess-o-berg-essential-oils-and-their-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-activity
#11
Anaí L Dos Santos, Allan Dos S Polidoro, Cláudia A L Cardoso, Margareth Batistote, Maria do Carmo Vieira, Rosângela A Jacques, Elina B Caramão
The present study investigated the essential oil obtained from Campomanesia guazumifolia (Cambess.) O. Berg, an aromatic plant used in Brazilian folk medicine. The chemical composition was performed by GC×GC/qMS. The antioxidant and antimicrobial activities were evaluated by DPPH and BCB and, MIC assays, respectively. Sixty-eight compounds were identified in the oil, where the major compounds were bicyclogermacrene (15%), globulol (5%) and spathulenol (5%). Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (29 compounds) and oxygenated sesquiterpenes (20 compounds) were the most representative classes of terpenes...
November 5, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090639/platelet-rich-concentrate-in-serum-free-medium-enhances-cartilage-specific-extracellular-matrix-synthesis-and-reduces-chondrocyte-hypertrophy-of-human-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-encapsulated-in-alginate
#12
Shani Samuel, Raja Elina Ahmad, Thamil Selvee Ramasamy, Puvanan Karunanithi, Sangeetha Vasudevaraj Naveen, Tunku Kamarul
Platelet-rich concentrate (PRC), used in conjunction with other chondroinductive growth factors, have been shown to induce chondrogenesis of human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSC) in pellet culture. However, pellet culture systems promote cell hypertrophy and the presence of other chondroinductive growth factors in the culture media used in previous studies obscures accurate determination of the effect of platelet itself in inducing chondrogenic differentiation. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the effect of PRC alone in enhancing the chondrogenic differentiation potential of human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSC) encapsulated in three-dimensional alginate constructs...
November 1, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090309/procedural-motor-learning-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#13
Teenu Sanjeevan, Elina Mainela-Arnold
Purpose: Specific language impairment (SLI) is a developmental disorder that affects language and motor development in the absence of a clear cause. An explanation for these impairments is offered by the procedural deficit hypothesis (PDH), which argues that motor difficulties in SLI are due to deficits in procedural memory. The aim of this study was to test the PDH by examining the procedural motor learning abilities of children with and without SLI. Method: Thirteen children with SLI and 14 age-matched typically developing children completed the following procedural measures: (a) a knot-tying task as a measure of motor sequencing and (2) a mirror-drawing task as a measure of visual-motor adaptation...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084218/concerted-regulation-of-npc2-binding-to-endosomal-lysosomal-membranes-by-bis-monoacylglycero-phosphate-and-sphingomyelin
#14
Giray Enkavi, Heikki Mikkolainen, Burçin Güngör, Elina Ikonen, Ilpo Vattulainen
Niemann-Pick Protein C2 (npc2) is a small soluble protein critical for cholesterol transport within and from the lysosome and the late endosome. Intriguingly, npc2-mediated cholesterol transport has been shown to be modulated by lipids, yet the molecular mechanism of npc2-membrane interactions has remained elusive. Here, based on an extensive set of atomistic simulations and free energy calculations, we clarify the mechanism and energetics of npc2-membrane binding and characterize the roles of physiologically relevant key lipids associated with the binding process...
October 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061226/scientific-overview-on-csci-citac-annual-general-meeting-and-2016-young-investigators-forum
#15
Tianwei E Zhou, Kristen I Barton, Elina Cook, Matthew G K Benesch, Nicholas Jette, Christophe Moderie, Katarina Ondrusova, Caitlin Lees, Patrick E Steadman, Tina B Marvasti, Sara Mirali, Peter J Liu, Ege M Babadagli, Kara J Abraham, Kirill J Zaslavsky
The 2016 Annual General Meeting of the Canadian Society of Clinician Investigators (CSCI) and Clinician Investigator Trainee Association of Canada/Association des Cliniciens-Chercheurs en Formation du Canada (CITAC/ACCFC) was a national conference held in Toronto November 21-23, 2016, in conjunction with The University of Toronto Clinician Investigator Program Research Day. The theme for this year's meeting was "Mapping Your Career as a Clinician-Scientist"; emphasizing essential skills for developing a fruitful career as clinician-scientist...
October 19, 2017: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055951/cell-wall-treated-lactococcus-lactis-increases-the-plasmid-transfer-efficiency-of-internal-ribosome-entry-site-incorporated-lactococcal-bicistronic-vector-into-df1-cells
#16
Nurulfiza Mat Isa, Nur Elina Abdul Mutalib, Noorjahan Banu Alitheen, Adelene Ai-Lian Song, Raha Abdul Rahim
This study demonstrates that cell wall treatment of Lactococcus lactis harbouring the internal ribosome entry site-incorporated lactococcal bicistronic vector pNZ:VIG mediated the delivery of genes into an eukaryotic cell line, DF1 cells, through bactofection. Bactofection analysis showed that the pNZ:VIG plasmid in L. lactis can be transferred into DF1 cells and that both the VP2 and gfp genes cloned in the plasmid can be transcribed and translated. The protein band relative to the Mr of VP2 protein (49 kDa) was successfully detected via Western blot analysis, while green fluorescence was successfully detected using a fluorescence microscope...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048527/the-evolution-of-dark-matter-in-the-mitogenome-of-seed-beetles
#17
Ahmed Sayadi, Elina Immonen, Christian Tellgren-Roth, Göran Arnqvist
Animal mitogenomes are generally thought of as being economic and optimized for rapid replication and transcription. We use long-read sequencing technology to assemble the remarkable mitogenomes of four species of seed beetles. These are the largest circular mitogenomes ever assembled in insects, ranging from 24,496 to 26,613 bp in total length, and are exceptional in that some 40% consists of non-coding DNA. The size expansion is due to two very long intergenic spacers (LIGSs), rich in tandem repeats. The two LIGSs are present in all species but vary greatly in length (114-10,408 bp), show very low sequence similarity, divergent tandem repeat motifs, a very high AT content and concerted length evolution...
October 1, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044041/viral-haemorrhagic-septicaemia-virus-vhsv-id-infections-are-detected-more-consistently-using-syndromic-vs-active-surveillance
#18
Pia Vennerström, Elina Välimäki, Tapani Lyytikäinen, Maria Hautaniemi, Gabriele Vidgren, Perttu Koski, Anna-Maija Virtala
The eradication of viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus (VHSV Id) from Finnish brackish-water rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss farms located in the restriction zone in the Province of Åland, Baltic Sea, failed several times in the 2000s. The official surveillance programme was often unable to find VHSV-positive populations, leading to the misbelief in the fish farming industry that virus eradication could be achieved. The ability of 3 other surveillance programmes to detect infected fish populations was compared with the official programme...
October 18, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043803/identification-of-privileged-antichlamydial-natural-products-by-a-ligand-based-strategy
#19
Elina Karhu, Janne Isojärvi, Pia Vuorela, Leena Hanski, Adyary Fallarero
The obligate intracellular pathogen Chlamydia pneumoniae remains a difficult target for antimicrobial therapy. Owing to the permeability barrier placed by bacterial and host vacuolar membranes, as well as the propensity of the bacterium for persistent infections, treatment failures are common. Despite the urgent need for new antichlamydial compounds, their discovery is challenged by the technically demanding assay procedures and lack of validated targets. An alternative strategy of using naturally occurring compounds and their derivatives against C...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043640/quantitative-analysis-of-the-rates-for-repeat-mediated-genome-instability-in-a-yeast-experimental-system
#20
Elina A Radchenko, Ryan J McGinty, Anna Y Aksenova, Alexander J Neil, Sergei M Mirkin
Instability of repetitive DNA sequences causes numerous hereditary disorders in humans, the majority of which are associated with trinucleotide repeat expansions. Here, we describe a unique system to study instability of triplet repeats in a yeast experimental setting. Using fluctuation assay and the novel program FluCalc we are able to accurately estimate the rates of large-scale expansions, as well as repeat-mediated mutagenesis and gross chromosomal rearrangements for different repeat sequences.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
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