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Andreas Zietzer, Eva Elina Buschmann, Doreen Janke, Lulu Li, Michèle Brix, Heike Meyborg, Philipp Stawowy, Constantin Jungk, Ivo Buschmann, Philipp Hillmeister
AIM: Physical activity is a potent way to impede vascular aging. However, patients who suffer from peripheral artery disease (PAD) are often unable to exercise adequately. For those patients, we have developed individual shear rate therapy (ISRT), which is an adaptation of external counterpulsation and enhances endovascular fluid shear stress to increase collateral growth (arteriogenesis). To evaluate the effects of physical exercise and ISRT on the telomere biology of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), we conducted two clinical trials...
October 22, 2016: Acta Physiologica
Pedro Pereira Rizzato, Maria Elina Bichuette
The laterosensory system is a mechanosensory modality involved in many aspects of fish biology and behavior. Laterosensory perception may be crucial for individual survival, especially in habitats where other sensory modalities are generally useless, such as the permanently aphotic subterranean environment. In the present study, we describe the laterosensory canal system of epigean and subterranean species of the genus Ituglanis (Siluriformes: Trichomycteridae). With seven independent colonizations of the subterranean environment in a limited geographical range coupled with a high diversity of epigean forms, the genus is an excellent model for the study of morphological specialization to hypogean life...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Morphology
Daniel Jaeger, Christian Pilger, Henning Hachmeister, Elina Oberländer, Robin Wördenweber, Julian Wichmann, Jan H Mussgnug, Thomas Huser, Olaf Kruse
Oleaginous photosynthetic microalgae hold great promise as non-food feedstocks for the sustainable production of bio-commodities. The algal lipid quality can be analysed by Raman micro-spectroscopy, and the lipid content can be imaged in vivo in a label-free and non-destructive manner by coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy. In this study, both techniques were applied to the oleaginous microalga Monoraphidium neglectum, a biotechnologically promising microalga resistant to commonly applied lipid staining techniques...
October 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
Mikko J Peltola, Tiina Mäkelä, E Juulia Paavonen, Elina Vierikko, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Tiina Paunio, Jari K Hietanen, Anneli Kylliäinen
Maternal prenatal anxiety is associated with infants' temperamental negative affectivity (NA), but it is unclear to what extent children vary in their susceptibility to prenatal influences. We tested a hypothesis that infants' respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), an index of parasympathetic vagal tone and a potential marker of differential susceptibility to environmental influences, moderates the effects of maternal prenatal anxiety on the development of infant NA. Prenatal anxiety was assessed during the last trimester of pregnancy in a low-risk community sample...
October 20, 2016: Developmental Psychobiology
Elina Järvinen, Markus Holmberg, Marja-Liisa Sumelahti
The objective of this study was to assess long-term use, adherence and efficacy of injectable disease modifying agents (DMAs). Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients diagnosed during 2002-2010 with early treatment start and at least one year in first choice medication were included in a large university district in Finland. Annualized relapse rates (ARR) during each treatment period were studied, and number of switches by medication evaluated. Use of health care facilities during 2002-2010 was assessed. In the study were included 113 MS patients; 15 (13%) switched medication...
September 30, 2016: Neurology International
Ivanka S Nenova, Mariana Y Valcheva, Elina A Beleva, Dora Y Tumbeva, Marianna P Yaneva, Emilia L Rancheva, Zhanet G Grudeva-Popova
INTRODUCTION: Autoimmune disorders have been documented in solid tumors and malignant hematological disorders. They are very common and well studied in lymphomas which are associated with immune imbalance. They are less common in solid tumors and are categorized as paraneoplastic syndromes with unclear pathogenesis. AIM: The aim of the present study was to find the frequency of autoimmune phenomena in solid tumors of various origin, location and status of the tumor...
September 1, 2016: Folia Medica
Meir H Scheinfeld, R Joshua Dym, Seymour Sprayregen, Elina Jerschow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Radiology
Elina Varis, Ville Pettilä, Meri Poukkanen, Stephan M Jakob, Sari Karlsson, Anders Perner, Jukka Takala, Erika Wilkman
Hyperlactatemia predicts mortality in patients with sepsis and septic shock, and its normalization is a potential treatment goal. We investigated the association of blood lactate and its changes over time with 90-day mortality in septic shock. We performed a post hoc analysis of 513 septic shock patients with admission blood lactate measurements in the prospective, observational, multicenter FINNAKI study. Repetitive lactate measurements were available in 496 patients for analyses of change in lactate values during ICU stay...
October 17, 2016: Shock
Jonas Frodlund, Henrik Harder, Elina Mäki-Torkko, Torbjörn Ledin
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the vestibular function after cochlear implantation with different types of electrode arrays. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic tertiary referral center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty three adults underwent first cochlear implantation. Three consecutive series of patients: Group 1 (n = 13) implanted with a precurved electrode, Group 2 (n = 15) implanted with a straight electrode, Group 3 (n = 15) implanted with a flexible electrode...
September 30, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Elina Tor, Carole Steketee, Donna Mak
Objectives: To evaluate the merit of the Clinical Audit Project (CAP) in an assessment program for undergraduate medical education using a systematic assessment validation framework. Methods: A cross-sectional assessment validation study at one medical school in Western Australia, with retrospective qualitative analysis of the design, development, implementation and outcomes of the CAP, and quantitative analysis of assessment data from four cohorts of medical students (2011- 2014)...
September 24, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
Elina Elveborg Lindskog
BACKGROUND: The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has suffered from war and lingering conflicts in East DRC and has one of the highest infant mortality rates in the world. Prior research has documented increases in infant and child mortality associated with war, but the empirical evidence is limited in several respects. Measures of conflict are quite crude or conflict is not tightly linked to periods of exposure to infant death. Few studies have distinguished between the effects of war on neonatal versus post-neonatal infants...
October 6, 2016: BMC Public Health
Boris Vassilev, Riku Louhimo, Elina Ikonen, Sampsa Hautaniemi
A modern biomedical research project can easily contain hundreds of analysis steps and lack of reproducibility of the analyses has been recognized as a severe issue. While thorough documentation enables reproducibility, the number of analysis programs used can be so large that in reality reproducibility cannot be easily achieved. Literate programming is an approach to present computer programs to human readers. The code is rearranged to follow the logic of the program, and to explain that logic in a natural language...
2016: PloS One
Igor E Agranovski, Evgeny V Usachev, Elina Agranovski, Olga V Usacheva
AIMS: A portable bioaerosol monitor is highly demanded technology in many areas including air quality control, occupational exposure assessment and health risk evaluation, environmental studies and, especially, in defence and bio-terrorism applications. Our recent groundwork allowed us to formulate the concept of a portable bioaerosol monitor, which ought to be light, user friendly, reliable and capable of detecting airborne pathogens within 1 -1.5 hours at the spot. METHODS AND RESULTS: Conceptually, the event of bioaerosol concentration burst is determined by triggers, commencing representative air sampling with sequential real-time PCR confirmation of the targeted microorganism presence in the air...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Veronika K Jaeger, Elina G Wirz, Yannick Allanore, Philipp Rossbach, Gabriela Riemekasten, Eric Hachulla, Oliver Distler, Paolo Airò, Patricia E Carreira, Alexandra Balbir Gurman, Mohammed Tikly, Serena Vettori, Nemanja Damjanov, Ulf Müller-Ladner, Jörg H W Distler, Mangtao Li, Ulrich A Walker
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare and clinically heterogeneous autoimmune disorder characterised by fibrosis and microvascular obliteration of the skin and internal organs. Organ involvement mostly manifests after a variable period of the onset of Raynaud's phenomenon (RP). We aimed to map the incidence and predictors of pulmonary, cardiac, gastrointestinal (GI) and renal involvement in the early course of SSc. METHODS: In the EUSTAR cohort, patients with early SSc were identified as those who had a visit within the first year after RP onset...
2016: PloS One
Elina Bengtsson, Malin Persson, Mohammad A Rahman, Saroj Kumar, Hideyo Takatsuki, Alf Månsson
Actin filaments have key roles in cell motility but are generally claimed to be passive interaction partners in actin-myosin-based motion generation. Here, we present evidence against this static view based on an altered myosin-induced actin filament gliding pattern in an in vitro motility assay at varied [MgATP]. The statistics that characterize the degree of meandering of the actin filament paths suggest that for [MgATP] ≥ 0.25 mM, the flexural rigidity of heavy meromyosin (HMM)-propelled actin filaments is similar (without phalloidin) or slightly lower (with phalloidin) than that of HMM-free filaments observed in solution without surface tethering...
October 4, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Thiago R Bjerk, Eliana W de Menezes, Marcelo B Pereira, Elina B Caramão, Edilson V Benvenutti, Cláudia A Zini
Silica gel containing silver ions was prepared and characterized. Silica was organofunctionalized with 3-mercaptopropyl group by using grafting reaction followed by silver ions adsorption (silver covalently bonded to mercaptopropyl silca gel, Ag-MPSG). The organofunctionalization and silver coordination were observed by transmission infrared spectroscopy and elemental analyses (CHN and EDS). The textural characteristics were studied by N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms. Additionally, optical properties were studied by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Yoko Shigeno-Nakazawa, Takuma Kasai, Sewon Ki, Elina Kostyanovskaya, Jana Pawlak, Junya Yamagishi, Noriaki Okimoto, Makoto Taiji, Mariko Okada, Jody Westbrook, Yoko Satta, Takanori Kigawa, Akira Imamoto
CRK and CRKL adapter proteins play essential roles in development and cancer through their SRC homology 2 and 3 (SH2 and SH3) domains. To gain insight into the origin of their shared functions, we have investigated their evolutionary history. We propose a term, crk/crkl ancestral (crka), for orthologs in invertebrates before the divergence of CRK and CRKL in the vertebrate ancestor. We have isolated two orthologs expressed in the choanoflagellate Monosiga brevicollis, a unicellular relative to the metazoans...
September 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
Momoko Horikoshi, Robin N Beaumont, Felix R Day, Nicole M Warrington, Marjolein N Kooijman, Juan Fernandez-Tajes, Bjarke Feenstra, Natalie R van Zuydam, Kyle J Gaulton, Niels Grarup, Jonathan P Bradfield, David P Strachan, Ruifang Li-Gao, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Eskil Kreiner, Rico Rueedi, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Diana L Cousminer, Ying Wu, Elisabeth Thiering, Carol A Wang, Christian T Have, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Natalia Vilor-Tejedor, Peter K Joshi, Eileen Tai Hui Boh, Ioanna Ntalla, Niina Pitkänen, Anubha Mahajan, Elisabeth M van Leeuwen, Raimo Joro, Vasiliki Lagou, Michael Nodzenski, Louise A Diver, Krina T Zondervan, Mariona Bustamante, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Josep M Mercader, Amanda J Bennett, Nilufer Rahmioglu, Dale R Nyholt, Ronald C W Ma, Claudia H T Tam, Wing Hung Tam, Santhi K Ganesh, Frank J A van Rooij, Samuel E Jones, Po-Ru Loh, Katherine S Ruth, Marcus A Tuke, Jessica Tyrrell, Andrew R Wood, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Denise M Scholtens, Lavinia Paternoster, Inga Prokopenko, Peter Kovacs, Mustafa Atalay, Sara M Willems, Kalliope Panoutsopoulou, Xu Wang, Lisbeth Carstensen, Frank Geller, Katharina E Schraut, Mario Murcia, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Gonneke Willemsen, Emil V R Appel, Cilius E Fonvig, Caecilie Trier, Carla M T Tiesler, Marie Standl, Zoltán Kutalik, Sílvia Bonàs-Guarch, David M Hougaard, Friman Sánchez, David Torrents, Johannes Waage, Mads V Hollegaard, Hugoline G de Haan, Frits R Rosendaal, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Susan M Ring, Gibran Hemani, George McMahon, Neil R Robertson, Christopher J Groves, Claudia Langenberg, Jian'an Luan, Robert A Scott, Jing Hua Zhao, Frank D Mentch, Scott M MacKenzie, Rebecca M Reynolds, William L Lowe, Anke Tönjes, Michael Stumvoll, Virpi Lindi, Timo A Lakka, Cornelia M van Duijn, Wieland Kiess, Antje Körner, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Harri Niinikoski, Katja Pahkala, Olli T Raitakari, Eleftheria Zeggini, George V Dedoussis, Yik-Ying Teo, Seang-Mei Saw, Mads Melbye, Harry Campbell, James F Wilson, Martine Vrijheid, Eco J C N de Geus, Dorret I Boomsma, Haja N Kadarmideen, Jens-Christian Holm, Torben Hansen, Sylvain Sebert, Andrew T Hattersley, Lawrence J Beilin, John P Newnham, Craig E Pennell, Joachim Heinrich, Linda S Adair, Judith B Borja, Karen L Mohlke, Johan G Eriksson, Elisabeth Widén, Mika Kähönen, Jorma S Viikari, Terho Lehtimäki, Peter Vollenweider, Klaus Bønnelykke, Hans Bisgaard, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Albert Hofman, Fernando Rivadeneira, André G Uitterlinden, Charlotta Pisinger, Oluf Pedersen, Christine Power, Elina Hyppönen, Nicholas J Wareham, Hakon Hakonarson, Eleanor Davies, Brian R Walker, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Struan F A Grant, Allan A Vaag, Debbie A Lawlor, Timothy M Frayling, George Davey Smith, Andrew P Morris, Ken K Ong, Janine F Felix, Nicholas J Timpson, John R B Perry, David M Evans, Mark I McCarthy, Rachel M Freathy
Birth weight (BW) has been shown to be influenced by both fetal and maternal factors and in observational studies is reproducibly associated with future risk of adult metabolic diseases including type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease. These life-course associations have often been attributed to the impact of an adverse early life environment. Here, we performed a multi-ancestry genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis of BW in 153,781 individuals, identifying 60 loci where fetal genotype was associated with BW (P < 5 × 10(-8))...
September 28, 2016: Nature
Rebecca Straus Farber, Robert Gross, Elina Zakin, Michelle Fabian
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) patients may be at increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) not only due to ambulatory disability but also due to systemic autoimmune and inflammatory mechanisms altering the hemostatic balance. OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of VTE in NMOSD versus multiple sclerosis (MS) patients hospitalized for acute relapses. METHODS: Hospital admissions for MS or NMOSD exacerbations were retrospectively identified...
September 26, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Santiago Alvarez-Arango, Angela Hou, Michelle A Lowes, Elina Jerschow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
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