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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931171/motivating-parent-support-for-physical-activity-the-role-of-framed-persuasive-messages
#1
Rebecca Bassett-Gunter, Rachael Stone, Jocelyn Jarvis, Amy Latimer-Cheung
Parent support for physical activity (PA) is a behavior unto itself that requires motivation. Persuasive messages may be one method for motivating parent support for their children's PA. Message framing is one strategy for optimizing the impact of messages. The current study examined the relative effectiveness of gain- versus loss-framed messages for encouraging parent support for children's PA. Regardless of message frame, parents had an increase in social cognitive antecedents (e.g. perceived behavioral control, intentions) and support for children's PA following message exposure...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930946/evaluating-the-traditional-day-and-night-shift-in-an-acute-care-surgery-fellowship-is-the-swing-shift-a-better-choice
#2
Paul J Chestovich, Christopher F McNicoll, Nichole K Ingalls, Deborah A Kuhls, Douglas R Fraser, Shawna L Morrissey, John J Fildes
BACKGROUND: Fellowship trainees in Acute Care Surgery require experience in the management of complex and operative trauma cases. Trauma center staffing usually follows standard 12 or 24 hour shifts, with resident and fellow trainees following a similar schedule. Although trauma admissions can be generally unpredictable, we analyzed temporal trends of trauma patient arrival times to determine the best time frame to maximize trainee experience during each day. METHODS: We reviewed ten years (2007-2016) of trauma registry data for blunt and penetrating trauma activations...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930932/complex-training-the-effect-of-exercise-selection-and-training-status-on-postactivation-potentiation-in-rugby-league-players
#3
David J Scott, Massimiliano Ditroilo, Phil A Marshall
Scott, DJ, Ditroilo, M, and Marshall, PA. Complex training: the effect of exercise selection and training status on postactivation potentiation in rugby league players. J Strength Cond Res 31(10): 2694-2703, 2017-This study compared the postactivation potentiation (PAP) response of the hex bar deadlift (HBD) and back squat (BS) exercises. The PAP response between different levels of athletes was also compared. Ten professional and 10 amateur rugby league players performed 2 experimental sessions. Participants performed a countermovement jump (CMJ) before and 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, and 16 minutes after a conditioning activity (CA) that contained 1 set of 3 repetitions at 93% 1 repetition maximum of either HBD or BS...
October 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930765/encouraging-reflexivity-in-a-residency-leadership-development-program-expanding-outside-the-competency-approach
#4
Justin T Clapp, Emily K B Gordon, Dimitry J Baranov, Beulah Trey, Felice Y Tilin, Lee A Fleisher
PROBLEM: While leadership development is increasingly a goal of academic medicine, it is typically framed as competency acquisition, which can limit its focus to a circumscribed set of social behaviors. This orientation may also reinforce the cultural characteristics of academic medicine that can make effective leadership difficult, rather than training leaders capable of examining and changing this culture. Expanding leadership development so it promotes social reflexivity presents a way to bolster some of the weaknesses of the competency paradigm...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930644/the-blur-of-pleasure-appetitively-appealing-stimuli-decrease-subjective-temporal-perceptual-acuity
#5
Kevin H Roberts, Grace Truong, Alan Kingstone, Rebecca M Todd
Anecdotal reports that time "flies by" or "slows down" during emotional events are supported by evidence that the motivational relevance of stimuli influences subsequent duration judgments. Yet it is unknown whether the subjective quality of events as they unfold is altered by motivational relevance. In a novel paradigm, we measured the subjective experience of moment-to-moment visual perception. Participants judged the temporal smoothness of high-approach positive images (desserts), negative images (e.g., of bodily mutilation), and neutral images (commonplace scenes) as they faded to black...
September 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930165/timeliness-of-childhood-primary-immunization-and-risk-factors-related-with-delays-evidence-from-the-2014-zhejiang-provincial-vaccination-coverage-survey
#6
Yu Hu, Qian Li, Yaping Chen
Background: this study aimed to assess both immunization coverage and timeliness, as well as reasons for non-vaccination, and identity the risk factors of delayed immunization, for the vaccines scheduled during the first year of life, in Zhejiang province, east China. Methods: A cluster survey among children aged 24-35 months was conducted. Demographic information and socio-economic characteristics of the selected child, the mother, and the household were collected. Immunization data were transcribed from immunization cards...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930064/increasing-alcohol-taxes-analysis-of-case-studies-from-illinois-maryland-and-massachusetts
#7
Rebecca L Ramirez, David H Jernigan
OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of alcohol taxes in reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related problems is well established in research, yet increases in U.S. state alcohol taxes are uncommon. This study examined how alcohol tax increases occurred recently in three U.S. states, what public health's role was, and what can be learned from those experiences. METHOD: Review of available documentation and news media content analysis provided context and, along with snowball sampling, helped identify proponents, opponents, and neutral parties in each state...
September 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929946/egalitarian-from-homophile-to-helicophile-in-post-ww2-america
#8
Diederik F Janssen
The presidency of gender in the Anglo-American taxonomy of sexualities has historically been haunted by the irruption of "other" parameters of medicalization, censure and caesura, not in the least absolute and relative measures of age. Where today's clinical psychologists feel the need to age-specify adult homosexuality in such Hirschfeldian terms as androphilia, however, the felt need is indeed still essentially clinical. That cosmopolitan expressions such as homosexual, LGB or queer rarely require such specifications relies on a protracted and today arguably complete disarticulation of sex/gender and age/maturity as parameters of sexual orientation, accreditation and mobilization...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929857/the-mentorship-imperative-for-health-leadership
#9
Nadia Batara, Tony Woolgar
Mentorship plays an important role in supporting the career development of health leaders. An examination of mentorship programs in different organizational settings provides a frame of reference to discuss and explore personal and professional mentorship experiences. Specifically, between October 2015 and April 2016, the Emerging Health Leaders (EHL) National Health Leadership Conference (NHLC) working group collaborated on an environmental scan of mentorship programs and activities to understand innovations in mentorship...
May 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929734/label-free-and-high-throughput-detection-of-biomolecular-interactions-using-a-flatbed-scanner-biosensor
#10
Ugur Aygun, Oguzhan Avci, Elif Seymour, Hakan Urey, M Selim Ünlu, Ayca Yalcin Ozkumur
Fluorescence based microarray detection systems provide sensitive measurements, however variation of probe immobilization and poor repeatability negatively affect the final readout, and thus quantification capability of these systems. Here, we demonstrate a label-free and high-throughput optical biosensor that can be utilized for calibration of fluorescence microarrays. The sensor employs a commercial flatbed scanner, and we demonstrate transformation of this low cost (100 USD) system into an Interferometric Reflectance Imaging Sensor through hardware and software modifications...
September 20, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929648/-cloning-and-expression-analysis-of-tocopherol-cyclase-gene-in-carthamus-tinctorius
#11
Li-Li Guan, Qi Cui, Yu-Tong Han, Yun-Yun Wu, Ren-Ge Hu, Tian-Yao Gu, Hai-Yan Li, Xiao-Kun Li
The tocopherol cyclase was one of the key enzymes in plant vitamin E biosynthesis pathway. According to the study of Carthamus tinctorius transcriptome data,the Tocopherol cyclase gene was obtained using RT-PCR techniques and named CtTC . Bioinformatics analysis showed theopen reading frame (ORF)of CtTC was 1 524 bp. The putative protein contained 507 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 62.9 kDa and theoretically isoelectric point was 5.01.Signal peptide analysis showed that it was a non secretory protein, and there was no signal peptide...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929627/strategies-and-challenges-in-identifying-function-for-thousands-of-sorf-encoded-peptides-in-meiosis
#12
Ina Hollerer, Andrea Higdon, Gloria A Brar
Recent genomic analyses have revealed pervasive translation from formerly unrecognized short Open Reading Frames (sORFs) during yeast meiosis. Despite their short length, which has caused these regions to be systematically overlooked by traditional gene annotation approaches, meiotic sORFs share many features with classical genes, implying the potential for similar types of cellular functions. We found that sORF expression accounts for ∼10-20% of the cellular translation capacity in yeast during meiotic differentiation and occurs within well-defined time windows, suggesting the production of relatively abundant peptides with stage-specific meiotic roles from these regions...
September 20, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929273/complete-genome-sequence-of-a-novel-lytic-bacteriophage-isolated-from-ralstonia-solanacearum
#13
Jingfang Su, Hongwei Sun, Junjie Liu, Zhaokui Guo, Guoquan Fan, Gang Gu, Guanghua Wang
A lytic podophage RSPI1 was isolated from tobacco field soil collected in Fujian Province, South China using host bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum Tb15-14. Whole genome sequencing of this phage was performed using the high-throughput Ion Torrent PGM Sequencer. The complete genome of RSPI1 was 43,211 bp in length with a mean DNA G + C content of 61.5%. A total of 48 open reading frames were identified with lengths ranging from 132 bp to 5,061 bp, of which, 11, 12 and 25 were identified as functional, structural and unknown genes, respectively...
September 19, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929096/contaminants-in-foods-of-animal-origin-in-cameroon-a-one-health-vision-for-risk-management-from-farm-to-fork
#14
REVIEW
Guy B Pouokam, B U Saha Foudjo, Chi Samuel, Philomina Fankam Yamgai, A Kamda Silapeux, Joel Taguemkam Sando, G Fankam Atonde, Chiara Frazzoli
Foods of animal origin represent an important share in the diet of Cameroonian populations. Cameroon is known to be a food basket in the west and central Africa sub-region, and an important supplier of foods on the international markets. In the meantime, food importation is continuously increasing to meet the high demand of a more westernized segment of the population. Cereals, fish, sea products, eggs, honey, shrimps, chicken, and feed ingredients are important share in the international trade of agricultural products...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929013/constructing-three-emotion-knowledge-tests-from-the-invariant-measurement-approach
#15
Ana R Delgado, Gerardo Prieto, Debora I Burin
BACKGROUND: Psychological constructionist models like the Conceptual Act Theory (CAT) postulate that complex states such as emotions are composed of basic psychological ingredients that are more clearly respected by the brain than basic emotions. The objective of this study was the construction and initial validation of Emotion Knowledge measures from the CAT frame by means of an invariant measurement approach, the Rasch Model (RM). Psychological distance theory was used to inform item generation...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928679/determinants-of-judgments-of-explanatory-power-credibility-generality-and-statistical-relevance
#16
Matteo Colombo, Leandra Bucher, Jan Sprenger
Explanation is a central concept in human psychology. Drawing upon philosophical theories of explanation, psychologists have recently begun to examine the relationship between explanation, probability and causality. Our study advances this growing literature at the intersection of psychology and philosophy of science by systematically investigating how judgments of explanatory power are affected by (i) the prior credibility of an explanatory hypothesis, (ii) the causal framing of the hypothesis, (iii) the perceived generalizability of the explanation, and (iv) the relation of statistical relevance between hypothesis and evidence...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928641/comparison-of-navigation-related-brain-regions-in-migratory-versus-non-migratory-noctuid-moths
#17
Liv de Vries, Keram Pfeiffer, Björn Trebels, Andrea K Adden, Ken Green, Eric Warrant, Stanley Heinze
Brain structure and function are tightly correlated across all animals. While these relations are ultimately manifestations of differently wired neurons, many changes in neural circuit architecture lead to larger-scale alterations visible already at the level of brain regions. Locating such differences has served as a beacon for identifying brain areas that are strongly associated with the ecological needs of a species-thus guiding the way towards more detailed investigations of how brains underlie species-specific behaviors...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928075/expression-and-functional-characterization-of-interferon-regulatory-factors-4-8-and-9-in-large-yellow-croaker-larimichthys-crocea
#18
Jingteng Tang, Lihua Jiang, Wei Liu, Bao Lou, Changwen Wu, Jianshe Zhang
Interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-4, 8, and 9 are essential in host defense against pathogens. Here, the full-length coding sequence (CDS), protein structure, and immune response of IRF4/8/9 (lc IRF4/8/9) were characterized in large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea). The open reading frame of lcIRF4, lcIRF8 and lcIRF9 encoded putative proteins of 463,422 and 406 amino acids, respectively. These IRFs share high sequence homology with other vertebrate IRFs and were constitutively expressed in all examined tissues...
September 16, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927930/biodegradable-and-adjustable-sol-gel-glass-based-hybrid-scaffolds-from-multi-armed-oligomeric-building-blocks
#19
Christian Kascholke, Stephan Hendrikx, Tobias Flath, Dzmitry Kuzmenka, Hans-Martin Dörfler, Dirk Schumann, Mathias Gressenbuch, F Peter Schulze, Michaela Schulz-Siegmund, Michael C Hacker
Biodegradability is a crucial characteristic to improve the clinical potential of sol-gel-derived glass materials. To this end, a set of degradable organic/inorganic class II hybrids from a tetraethoxysilane(TEOS)-derived silica sol and oligovalent cross-linker oligomers containing oligo(D,L-lactide) domains was developed and characterized. A series of 18 oligomers (Mn: 1100-3200 Da) with different degrees of ethoxylation and varying length of oligoester units was established and chemical composition was determined...
September 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927698/biochemistry-of-mitochondrial-coenzyme-q-biosynthesis
#20
REVIEW
Jonathan A Stefely, David J Pagliarini
Coenzyme Q (CoQ, ubiquinone) is a redox-active lipid produced across all domains of life that functions in electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation and whose deficiency causes human diseases. Yet, CoQ biosynthesis has not been fully defined in any organism. Several proteins with unclear molecular functions facilitate CoQ biosynthesis through unknown means, and multiple steps in the pathway are catalyzed by currently unidentified enzymes. Here we highlight recent progress toward filling these knowledge gaps through both traditional biochemistry and cutting-edge 'omics' approaches...
September 16, 2017: Trends in Biochemical Sciences
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