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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930875/the-kinetic-determinants-of-reactive-strength-in-highly-trained-sprint-athletes
#1
Jamie Douglas, Simon Pearson, Angus Ross, Mike McGuigan
The purpose of this study was to determine the braking and propulsive phase kinetic variables underpinning reactive strength in highly trained sprint athletes in comparison to a non-sprint trained control group. Twelve highly trained sprint athletes and twelve non-sprint trained participants performed drop jumps (DJs) from 0.25m, 0.50m and 0.75m onto a force plate. One familiarization session was followed by an experimental testing session within the same week. Reactive strength index (RSI), contact time, flight time, and leg stiffness were determined...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920556/the-effects-of-limb-dominance-and-a-short-term-high-intensity-exercise-protocol-on-both-landings-of-the-vertical-drop-jump-implications-for-the-vertical-drop-jump-as-a-screening-tool
#2
Enda F Whyte, Patrick Kennelly, Oliver Milton, Chris Richter, Siobhán O'Connor, Kieran A Moran
The effectiveness of vertical drop jumps (VDJs) to screen for non-contact ACL injuries is unclear. This may be contributed to by discrete point analysis, which does not evaluate patterns of movement. Also, limited research exists on the second landing of VDJs, potential lower limb performance asymmetries and the effect of fatigue. Statistical parametric mapping investigated the main effects of landing, limb dominance and a high intensity, intermittent exercise protocol (HIIP) on VDJ biomechanics. Twenty-two male athletes (21...
September 18, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912731/long-term-athletic-development-in-youth-alpine-ski-racing-the-effect-of-physical-fitness-ski-racing-technique-anthropometrics-and-biological-maturity-status-on-injuries
#3
Lisa Müller, Carolin Hildebrandt, Erich Müller, Christian Fink, Christian Raschner
Alpine ski racing is known to be a sport with a high risk of injuries. Because most studies have focused mainly on top-level athletes and on traumatic injuries, limited research exists about injury risk factors among youth ski racers. The aim of this study was to determine the intrinsic risk factors (anthropometrics, biological maturity, physical fitness, racing technique) for injury among youth alpine ski racers. Study participants were 81 youth ski racers attending a ski boarding school (50 males, 31 females; 9-14 years)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902120/competition-intensity-and-fatigue-in-elite-fencing
#4
Anthony N Turner, Liam Kilduff, Geoff Marshall, James Phillips, Angelo Noto, Conor Buttigieg, Marcela Gondek, Frank Hills, Lygeri Dimitriou
As yet, no studies have characterised fencing competitions. Therefore in elite male foilists and across two competitions, we investigated their countermovement jump (CMJ) height, testosterone (T), cortisol (C), alpha-amylase (AA), immunoglobulin A (IgA), heart rate (HR), blood lactate (BL) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE). Average (± SD) scores for RPE, BL and HR (average, max and percentage of time ≥ 80% HRmax) were highest in the knockout bouts compared to poules (8.5 ± 1.3 vs. 5.7 ± 1.3, 3.6 ± 1...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900562/a-biomechanical-comparison-among-three-kinds-of-rebound-type-jumps-in-female-collegiate-athletes
#5
Miki Nariai, Naruto Yoshida, Atsushi Imai, Kazumichi Ae, Ryo Ogaki, Hirokazu Suhara, Hitoshi Shiraki
BACKGROUND: Single-legged drop jumps (SDJ), single-legged repetitive jumps (SRJ), and single-legged side hops (SSH) are often used as plyometric training and functional performance tests. Differences in the kinetics and kinematic characteristics of lower extremity joints during these jumps are unclear. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the joint motion and mechanical work of the takeoff leg from foot contact to foot-off during SDJ, SRJ, and SSH in the sagittal and frontal planes in female athletes...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895621/optimum-drop-jump-height-in-division-iii-athletes-under-75-of-vertical-jump-height
#6
Hsien-Te Peng, Cong Toai Khuat, Thomas W Kernozek, Brian J Wallace, Shin-Liang Lo, Chen-Yi Song
Our purpose was to evaluate the vertical ground reaction force, impulse, moments and powers of hip, knee and ankle joints, contact time, and jump height when performing a drop jump from different drop heights based on the percentage of a performer's maximum vertical jump height (MVJH). Fifteen male Division III athletes participated voluntarily. Eleven synchronized cameras and two force platforms were used to collect data. One-way repeated-measures analysis of variance tests were used to examine the differences between drop heights...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885934/medical-encounters-during-a-joint-canadian-u-s-exercise-in-the-high-arctic-exercise-arctic-ram
#7
Wendy Sullivan-Kwantes, Paul Dhillon, Len Goodman, Joseph J Knapik
The Arctic Ram Exercise was conducted in February 2016, near Resolute Bay on Cornwallis Island in Nunavut, Canada, to demonstrate the ability of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) to rapidly deploy to the arctic as an immediate response team. This report describes medical problems experienced by the 187 CAF and 28 U.S. forces involved in the exercise. Sixty-six airborne soldiers performed tactical static line jumps and linked up with soldiers on the ground for the exercise. Medical events were recorded by medics on the drop zone and by medical personnel at the Unit Medical Station in Resolute Bay...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874277/corrigendum-to-the-effect-of-the-stability-threshold-on-time-to-stabilization-and-its-reliability-following-a-single-leg-drop-jump-landing-j-biomech-49-3-2016-496-501
#8
Duncan P Fransz, Arnold Huurnink, Vosse A de Boode, Idsart Kingma, Jaap H van Dieën
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855343/medical-support-to-military-airborne-training-and-operations
#9
Kerry J Starkey, J Lyon, E Sigman, H J Pynn, G Nordmann
INTRODUCTION: Airborne operations enable large numbers of military forces to deploy on the ground in the shortest possible time. This however must be balanced by an increased risk of injury. The aim of this paper is to review the current UK military drop zone medical estimate process, which may help to predict the risk of potential injury and assist in planning appropriate levels of medical support. METHOD: In spring 2015, a British Airborne Battlegroup (UKBG) deployed on a 7-week overseas interoperability training exercise in the USA with their American counterparts (USBG)...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846505/development-and-validation-of-a-portable-and-inexpensive-tool-to-measure-the-drop-vertical-jump-using-the-microsoft-kinect-v2
#10
Aaron D Gray, Brad W Willis, Marjorie Skubic, Zhiyu Huo, Swithin Razu, Seth L Sherman, Trent M Guess, Amirhossein Jahandar, Trevor R Gulbrandsen, Scott Miller, Nathan J Siesener
BACKGROUND: Noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury in adolescent female athletes is an increasing problem. The knee-ankle separation ratio (KASR), calculated at initial contact (IC) and peak flexion (PF) during the drop vertical jump (DVJ), is a measure of dynamic knee valgus. The Microsoft Kinect V2 has shown promise as a reliable and valid marker-less motion capture device. HYPOTHESIS: The Kinect V2 will demonstrate good to excellent correlation between KASR results at IC and PF during the DVJ, as compared with a "gold standard" Vicon motion analysis system...
August 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840276/two-dimensional-motion-analysis-of-dynamic-knee-valgus-identifies-female-high-school-athletes-at-risk-of-non-contact-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#11
Hitoaki Numata, Junsuke Nakase, Katsuhiko Kitaoka, Yosuke Shima, Takeshi Oshima, Yasushi Takata, Kengo Shimozaki, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
PURPOSE: Female athletes are at greater risk of non-contact ACL injury. Three-dimensional kinematic analyses have shown that at-risk female athletes have a greater knee valgus angle during drop jumping. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between knee valgus angle and non-contact ACL injury in young female athletes using coronal-plane two-dimensional (2D) kinematic analyses of single-leg landing. METHODS: Two hundred ninety-one female high school athletes newly enrolled in basketball and handball clubs were assessed...
August 24, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839003/acute-hypoxia-in-a-simulated-high-altitude-airdrop-scenario-due-to-oxygen-system-failure
#12
William Ottestad, Tor Are Hansen, Gaurav N Pradhan, Jan Stepanek, Lars Øivind Høiseth, Jan Ivar Kåsin
High Altitude High Opening (HAHO) is a military operational procedure in which parachute jumps are performed at high altitude requiring supplemental oxygen, putting personnel at risk of acute hypoxia in the event of oxygen equipment failure. This study was initiated by the Norwegian Army in order to evaluate potential outcomes during failure of oxygen supply, and to explore physiology during acute severe hypobaric hypoxia. A simulated HAHO without supplemental oxygen was carried out in a hypobaric chamber with decompression to 30 000 ft (9144 m) and then recompression to ground level with a descent rate of 1000 ft/min (305 m/min)...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820857/kinematic-and-neuromuscular-measures-of-intensity-during-plyometric-jumps
#13
David Cristóbal Andrade, Oscar Manzo, Ana Rosa Beltrán, Cristian Álvarez, Rodrigo Del Rio, Camilo Toledo, Jason Moran, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo
The aim of this study was to assess jumping performance and neuromuscular activity in lower limb muscles after drop jumps (DJ) from different drop heights (intensity) and during continuous jumping (fatigue), using markers such as reactive strength, jump height, mechanical power and surface electromyography (sEMG). The eccentric (EC) and concentric (CON) sEMG from the medial gastrocnemius (MG), biceps femoris (BF) and rectus (R) muscles were assessed during all tests. In a cross-sectional, randomized study, eleven volleyball players (age 24...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768338/combined-effects-of-fatigue-and-surface-instability-on-jump-biomechanics-in-elite-athletes
#14
Olaf Prieske, Marie Demps, Melanie Lesinski, Urs Granacher
The present study aimed to examine the effects of fatigue and surface instability on kinetic and kinematic jump performance measures. Ten female and 10 male elite volleyball players (18±2 years) performed repetitive vertical double-leg box jumps until failure. Pre and post fatigue, jump height/performance index, ground reaction force and knee flexion/valgus angles were assessed during drop and countermovement jumps on stable and unstable surfaces. Fatigue, surface condition, and sex resulted in significantly lower drop jump performance and ground reaction force (p≤0...
September 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767248/spreading-dynamics-of-molten-polymer-drops-on-glass-substrates
#15
Yichuan Zhang, Carlos A Fuentes, Robin Koekoekx, Christian Clasen, Aart W Van Vuure, Joël De Coninck, David Seveno
Wetting dynamics drive numerous processes involving liquids in contact with solid substrates with a wide range of geometries. The spreading dynamics of organic liquids and liquid metals at, respectively, room temperature and >1000 °C have been studied extensively, both experimentally and numerically; however, almost no attention has been paid to the wetting behavior of molten drops of thermoplastic polymers, despite its importance, for example, in the processing of fiber-reinforced polymer composites. Indeed, the ability of classical theories of dynamic wetting, that is, the hydrodynamic and the molecular-kinetic theories, to model these complex liquids is unknown...
August 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766333/monitoring-hydrogen-exchange-during-protein-folding-by-fast-pressure-jump-nmr-spectroscopy
#16
T Reid Alderson, Cyril Charlier, Dennis A Torchia, Philip Anfinrud, Ad Bax
A method is introduced that permits direct observation of the rates at which backbone amide hydrogens become protected from solvent exchange after rapidly dropping the hydrostatic pressure inside the NMR sample cell from denaturing (2.5 kbar) to native (1 bar) conditions. The method is demonstrated for a pressure-sensitized ubiquitin variant that contains two Val to Ala mutations. Increased protection against hydrogen exchange with solvent is monitored as a function of time during the folding process. Results for 53 backbone amides show narrow clustering with protection occurring with a time constant of ca...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745469/reliability-of-bounce-drop-jump-parameters-within-elite-male-rugby-players
#17
Lisa Costley, Eric Wallace, Michael Johnston, Rodney Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The aims of the study were to investigate the number of familiarisation sessions required to establish reliability of the bounce drop jump (BDJ) and subsequent reliability once familiarisation is achieved. METHOD: Seventeen trained male athletes completed 4 BDJs in 4 separate testing sessions. Force-time data from a 20 cm BDJ was obtained using two force plates (ensuring ground contact < 250 ms). Subjects were instructed to 'jump for maximal height and minimal contact time' while the best and average of four jumps were compared...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730881/comparison-of-jump-landing-protocols-with-biodex-balance-system-as-measures-of-dynamic-postural-stability-in-athletes
#18
Zarko Krkeljas
The objective of the study was to determine whether a relationship exists between the two common methods for assessing postural stability in athletes: the time-to-stabilisation (TTS) via force-plate and the Biodex Balance System (BBS). The conditions under which these measurements assess dynamic postural control may not provide sufficient feedback to practitioners. Fourty-four amateur soccer players with no history of musculoskeletal disorders volunteered for the study. Pearson correlation was used to compare the anterior-posterior (AP), medio-lateral (ML), and the overall stability indexes measured by BBS, with the corresponding parameters of TTS assessed via force plate...
July 21, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723822/biomechanical-differences-in-female-basketball-and-soccer-players-during-multi-directional-jump-landings
#19
Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford, Randy J Schmitz, Scott E Ross, Terry A Ackerman, Sandra J Shultz
Anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention programs are less successful in basketball than soccer and may be due to distinct movement strategies that these athletes develop from sport-specific training. The purpose of this study was to identify biomechanical differences between female basketball and soccer players during multi-directional jump landings. Lower extremity biomechanics of eighty-nine female athletes who played competitive basketball (n=40) or soccer (n=49) at the middle- or high-school level were analyzed with three-dimensional motion analysis during a drop vertical jump (DVJ), double- (SAG-DL) and single-leg forward jump (SAG-SL), and double- (FRONT-DL) and single-leg (FRONT-SL) lateral jump...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723816/importance-of-physical-qualities-for-speed-and-change-of-direction-ability-in-elite-female-soccer-players
#20
Stacey Emmonds, G Nicholson, C Beggs, B Jones, A Bissas
The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of physical qualities for speed and change of direction (CoD) ability in female soccer players. Data were collected on 10 female soccer players who were part of a professional English Women's Super League team. Player assessments included anthropometric (stature and body mass), body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), speed (10m, 30m sprint), CoD ability (505 agility), aerobic (Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test), lower-body strength (bilateral knee extensions) and power (countermovement jump [CMJ], squat jump [SJ], 30cm drop jump [DJ]) measures...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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