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Health seeking behaviour

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910258/the-role-of-individual-and-personality-factors-in-controlling-risky-behaviours-related-to-aids-proposing-a-causal-model
#1
Mansour Rezaei, Ali Zakiei, Soheyla Reshadat, Seyed Ramin Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Investigating previous studies show that personality traits have an important role in controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS; therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between AIDS health literacy, personality traits and mental health and controlling risky behaviours related to AIDS through self-efficacy. METHODS: The statistical population includes all the young people in western provinces of Iran, 2015. Data analysis was carried out for a sample of 756 participants (59% female)...
December 2, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905916/study-protocol-a-dose-escalating-phase-2-study-of-oral-lisdexamfetamine-in-adults-with-methamphetamine-dependence
#2
Nadine Ezard, Adrian Dunlop, Brendan Clifford, Raimondo Bruno, Andrew Carr, Alexandra Bissaker, Nicholas Lintzeris
BACKGROUND: The treatment of methamphetamine dependence is a continuing global health problem. Agonist type pharmacotherapies have been used successfully to treat opioid and nicotine dependence and are being studied for the treatment of methamphetamine dependence. One potential candidate is lisdexamfetamine, a pro-drug for dexamphetamine, which has a longer lasting therapeutic action with a lowered abuse potential. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety of lisdexamfetamine in this population at doses higher than those currently approved for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or binge eating disorder...
December 1, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903561/keeping-weight-off-study-protocol-of-an-rct-to-investigate-brain-changes-associated-with-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction
#3
Carl Fulwiler, Julia A Siegel, Jeroan Allison, Milagros C Rosal, Judson Brewer, Jean A King
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a growing epidemic fuelled by unhealthy behaviours and associated with significant comorbidities and financial costs. While behavioural interventions produce clinically meaningful weight loss, weight loss maintenance is challenging. This may partially be due to failure to target stress and emotional reactivity. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) reduces stress and emotional reactivity and may be a useful tool for behaviour change maintenance. This study seeks to provide a mechanistic understanding for clinical trials of the benefits of MBSR for weight loss maintenance by examining changes in functional connectivity (FC) and the association of these changes with clinical outcomes...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896894/perspectives-of-resettled-african-refugees-on-accessing-medicines-and-pharmacy-services-in-queensland-australia
#4
Kim Bellamy, Remo Ostini, Nataly Martini, Therese Kairuz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the barriers to accessing medicines and pharmacy services among refugees in Queensland, Australia, from the perspectives of resettled African refugees. METHODS: A generic qualitative approach was used in this study. Resettled African refugees were recruited via a purposive snowball sampling method. The researcher collected data from different African refugee communities, specifically those from Sudanese, Congolese and Somalian communities...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894287/towards-a-preventive-strategy-for-complaints-of-arm-neck-and-or-shoulder-cans-the-role-of-help-seeking-behaviour
#5
Vivian E J Bruls, Nicole W H Jansen, Rob A de Bie, Caroline H G Bastiaenen, IJmert Kant
BACKGROUND: When developing an effective early preventive strategy for employees and students with CANS (Complaints of Arm, Neck or Shoulder, not caused by acute trauma or systemic disease), insight in help seeking behaviour and knowledge of factors associated with help seeking behaviour within the target population, is a prerequisite. The aim of this study was to examine whether perceived hindrance is associated with help seeking behaviour, specifically in employees and students identified with CANS...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894043/treatment-seeking-in-cannabis-dependence-the-role-of-social-cognition
#6
Zoe E Papinczak, Jason P Connor, Gerald F X Feeney, Ross McD Young, Matthew J Gullo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Relatively few cannabis dependent individuals seek treatment and little is known about the determinants of treatment seeking. Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) provides a useful framework for examining human behaviour and motivation which may be helpful in explaining treatment seeking. This study examined the differences in cannabis outcome expectancies and cannabis refusal self-efficacy between treatment seekers and non-treatment seekers with cannabis dependence. DESIGN: Non-treatment seekers were referred to an illicit drug diversion program...
November 14, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891362/health-seeking-behaviour-among-tuberculosis-patients-in-india-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Janmejaya Samal
INTRODUCTION: The Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme's (RNTCP) passive case finding approach strongly influence the health seeking behaviour of patients and the timing of health seeking as well. AIM: A systematic review was carried out to understand the health seeking behaviour, related delays and the knowledge and attitude regarding Tuberculosis (TB) and the health services linked with it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A manual search strategy was adopted using PUBMED and Google Scholar search engines to obtain research papers in the said subject...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888784/the-influence-of-a-preceptor-student-daily-feedback-tool-on-clinical-feedback-practices-in-nursing-education-a-qualitative-study
#8
Louise Allen, Elizabeth Molloy
BACKGROUND: Feedback in clinical education is essential for the development of competent nurses. When the process is enacted well, it offers measured performance against standards required by the nursing health profession, promoting learning and behavioural change. Despite this, health literature describes numerous barriers to effective feedback processes. OBJECTIVE: A qualitative descriptive design was used to determine whether the introduction of a Daily Feedback Tool addressing some of the barriers to effective feedback, influenced nursing students and clinical supervisors (preceptors) experiences in nursing clinical education...
November 19, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882795/mental-health-and-wellbeing-focus-on-men-s-health
#9
Sarah Patrick, Steve Robertson
All nurses have a responsibility to ensure that they actively promote both mental and physical health and wellbeing. This article aims to bring together current thinking and evidence about nursing and men's mental health promotion. Key areas of concern outlined are the high rate of suicide in men, the expression of depression in men and the problems of masculinity when related to seeking help for mental health. The article highlights the importance of language and the normalising of distressing feelings when working with men and suggests that nurses need to recognise how men can experience depression differently, actively identify and address suicidal thinking, and provide gender-sensitive interventions...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876076/bladder-outlet-obstruction-a-rare-complication-of-the-neglected-schistosome-schistosoma-haematobium-two-case-reports-and-public-health-challenges
#10
Valirie Ndip Agbor, Tsi Njim, Franklin Ngu Mbolingong
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a severe parasitic infestation with debilitating complications and is the third most devastating tropical disease in the world. It is one of the neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) with a high disease-burden. We present two rare cases of bladder outlet obstruction: one which led to a chronic kidney disease and ultimately death and a second which recovered after treatment with praziquantel. CASE PRESENTATIONS: A 72 year old male presented with lower urinary tract symptoms which culminated in an episode of acute urinary retention...
November 22, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871303/geographically-weighted-regression-of-knowledge-and-behaviour-determinants-to-anti-malarial-recommending-and-dispensing-practice-among-medicine-retailers-in-western-kenya-capacitating-targeted-interventions
#11
Andria Rusk, Linda Highfield, J Michael Wilkerson, Melissa Harrell, Andrew Obala, Benjamin Amick
BACKGROUND: Most patients with malaria seek treatment first in retail drug shops. Myriad studies have examined retailer behaviours and characteristics to understand the determinants to these behaviours. Geospatial methods are helpful in discovering if geographic location plays a role in the relationship between determinants and outcomes. This study aimed to discover if spatial autocorrelation exists in the relationship between determinants and retailer behaviours, and to provide specific geographic locations and target behaviours for tailoring future interventions...
November 21, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871282/a-mother-s-choice-a-qualitative-study-of-mothers-health-seeking-behaviour-for-their-children-with-acute-diarrhoea
#12
Lucy Cunnama, Ayako Honda
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea presents a considerable health risk to young children and is one of the leading causes of infant mortality. Although proven cost-effective interventions exist, South Africa is yet to reach the Sustainable Development Goals set for the elimination of preventable under-five mortality and water-borne diseases. The rural study area in the Eastern Cape of South Africa continues to have a parallel health system comprising traditional and modern healthcare services. It is in this setting that this study aimed to qualitatively examine the beliefs surrounding and perceived quality of healthcare accessed for children's acute diarrhoea...
November 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870319/stem-cell-research-the-role-of-information-seeking-and-scanning
#13
Sara Nelissen, Jan Van den Bulck, Marijke Lemal, Kathleen Beullens
BACKGROUND: The mass media have held an ongoing debate about stem cell research. However, few studies have investigated how individuals obtain information on stem cell research and whether this affects their knowledge and perspectives on stem cell research. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate whether (i) cancer-diagnosed and non-diagnosed individuals differ in terms of their acquisition of stem cell research information, (ii) whether this information acquisition is associated with stem cell research knowledge and perspectives and (iii) whether having had a cancer diagnosis moderates these associations...
December 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870318/interactions-and-user-perceived-helpfulness-in-diet-information-social-questions-answers
#14
Yin Zhang, Peilin Wang
BACKGROUND: Online health information seeking using social questions and answers (Social Q&A) sites has been increasingly popular in recent years. It calls for better understanding of health information seeking behaviour and interactions between information seekers and information providers. OBJECTIVES: The study investigates how diet information seekers interact with information providers on WebMD Answers, which is a Social Q&A site devoted to health-related topics, and examines the factors that constitute a 'helpful' answer from an information seeker's perspective...
December 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858512/paradoxes-of-personal-responsibility-in-mental-health-care
#15
Richard Lakeman
Personal responsibility is widely considered important in mental health recovery as well as in popular models of alcohol and drug treatment. Neo-liberal socio-political rhetoric around consumerism in health care often assumes that people are informed and responsible for their own choices and behaviour. In the mental health care context and especially in emergency or crisis settings, personal responsibility often raises particular paradoxes. People often present whose behaviour does not conform to the ideals of the responsible consumer; they may seek and/or be granted absolution from irresponsible behaviour...
November 18, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855083/consumption-of-energy-drinks-by-children-and-young-people-a-rapid-review-examining-evidence-of-physical-effects-and-consumer-attitudes
#16
Shelina Visram, Mandy Cheetham, Deborah M Riby, Stephen J Crossley, Amelia A Lake
OBJECTIVE: To examine patterns of energy drink consumption by children and young people, attitudes towards these drinks, and any associations with health or other outcomes. DESIGN: Rapid evidence assessment and narrative synthesis. DATA SOURCES: 9 electronic bibliographic databases, reference lists of relevant studies and searches of the internet. RESULTS: A total of 410 studies were located, with 46 meeting the inclusion criteria...
October 8, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854311/care-seeking-for-diarrhoea-in-southern-malawi-attitudes-practices-and-implications-for-diarrhoea-control
#17
Salule Masangwi, Neil Ferguson, Anthony Grimason, Tracy Morse, Lawrence Kazembe
This paper examined care-seeking behaviour and its associated risk factors when a family member had diarrhoea. Data was obtained from a survey conducted in Chikwawa, a district in Southern Malawi. Chikwawa is faced with a number of environmental and socioeconomic problems and currently diarrhoea morbidity in the district is estimated at 24.4%, statistically higher than the national average of 17%. Using hierarchically built data from a survey of 1403 households nested within 33 communities, a series of two level binary logistic regression models with Bayesian estimation were used to determine predictors of care-seeking behaviour...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852328/a-pilot-program-of-knowledge-translation-and-implementation-for-newborn-resuscitation-using-us-peace-corps-volunteers-in-rural-madagascar
#18
Kristin Close, Michele Karel, Michelle White
BACKGROUND: Prevention of adverse perinatal outcome using the Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) neonatal resuscitation algorithm can reduce perinatal mortality in low income settings. Mercy Ships is a non-governmental organisation providing free healthcare education in sub-Saharan Africa and in an attempt to reach more rural areas of Madagascar with our neonatal resuscitation training we designed a novel approach in collaboration with US Peace Corps Volunteers (PCV). PCVs work in rural areas and contribute to locally determined public health initiatives...
November 16, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835999/serial-survey-shows-community-intervention-may-contribute-to-increase-in-knowledge-of-tuberculosis-in-30-districts-of-india
#19
Badri Thapa, Banuru Muralidhara Prasad, Sarabjit S Chadha, Jamie Tonsing
BACKGROUND: Correct knowledge about Tuberculosis (TB) is essential for appropriate healthcare seeking behaviour and to accessing diagnosis and treatment services timely. There are several factors influencing knowledge about TB. The present study was conducted to assess the change in community knowledge of Tuberculosis (TB) and its association with respondent's socio-demographic characteristics in two serial knowledge-attitude-practice surveys. METHODS: Community level interventions including community meetings with youth groups, village health committees and self-help groups and through mass media activities were undertaken to create awareness and knowledge about TB and service availability...
November 11, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830250/all-that-glitters-is-not-gold-consumer-health-informatics-and-education-in-the-era-of-social-media-and-health-apps-findings-from-the-yearbook-2016-section-on-consumer-health-informatics
#20
L Fernandez-Luque, P Staccini
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the state of the art published during the year 2015 in the areas related to consumer health informatics and education with a special emphasis on unintended consequences of applying mobile and social media technologies in that domain. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of articles published in PubMed with a predefined set of queries, which lead to the selection of over 700 potential relevant articles. Section editors screened those papers on the title, abstract, and finally complete paper basis, taking into account the papers' relevance for the section topic...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
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