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Health seeking behaviour

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788530/need-for-long-term-care-in-children-is-increasingly-caused-by-disorders-of-psychological-development-changes-in-the-care-causing-diagnoses-according-to-german-social-code-sgb-xi-between-2009-2014
#1
Julia Christiane Beck-Ripp, Holger Dressel
AIM OF THE STUDY: There is an ongoing discussion on the increasing number of children with mental and developmental disorders, with some even needing long-term care according to the German Social Code XI. This study was performed to identify the main diagnoses justifying such care in children and to analyse their prevalence over time. METHODS: The diagnoses justifying long-term care were evaluated using care assessments of Bavarian children and adolescents between 2009 to 2014 by the medical service of statutory health insurance...
May 22, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785890/family-networks-and-healthy-behaviour-evidence-from-nepal
#2
Jolene Skordis, Noemi Pace, Marcos Vera-Hernandez, Imran Rasul, Emla Fitzsimons, David Osrin, Dharma Manandhar, Anthony Costello
Models of household decision-making commonly focus on nuclear family members as primary decision-makers. If extended families shape the objectives and constraints of households, then neglecting the role of this network may lead to an incomplete understanding of health-seeking behaviour. Understanding the decision-making processes behind care-seeking may improve behaviour change interventions, better intervention targeting and support health-related development goals. This paper uses data from a cluster randomised trial of a participatory learning and action cycle (PLA) through women's groups, to assess the role of extended family networks as a determinant of gains in health knowledge and health practice...
May 22, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781699/conceptualisation-of-african-primal-health-care-within-mental-health-care
#3
Neo E Nare, Abel J Pienaar, Ditaba D Mphuthi
BACKGROUND:  It is believed by western education systems that the first contact should be with the nurse in primary health care. However, it is not the case. Therefore, the researcher attempts to correct this misconception by conceptualising the correct beginning of health seeking behaviour in an indigenous African community, namely African Primal Health Care (APHC). 'Primal' was coined during a colloquium by Dr Mbulawa and Seboka team members; however no formal conceptualisation took place, only operational definition...
March 22, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780764/gender-differences-in-the-relationship-between-built-environment-and-non-communicable-diseases-a-systematic-review
#4
Joanna Sara Valson, V Raman Kutty
Non-communicable diseases are on the rise globally. Risk factors of non-communicable diseases continue to be a growing concern in both developed and developing countries. With significant rise in population and establishment of buildings, rapid changes have taken place in the built environment. Relationship between health and place, particularly with non-communicable diseases has been established in previous literature. This systematic review assesses the current evidence on influence of gender in the relationship between built environment and non-communicable diseases...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778101/prevalence-of-self-reported-symptoms-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-knowledge-and-sexual-behaviour-among-youth-in-semi-rural-tanzania-in-the-period-of-adolescent-friendly-health-services-strategy-implementation
#5
Ramadhani Abdul, Annette A M Gerritsen, Mary Mwangome, Eveline Geubbels
BACKGROUND: Global evidence shows that sexually transmitted infections (STIs) prevalence and sexual risk behaviours are high among youth, and knowledge about STIs is low. In Tanzania, there is limited recent evidence regarding these issues. The aim of this study was to describe the health seeking behaviour of youth reporting STI symptoms in semi-rural Tanzania and to evaluate the association of socio-demographic characteristics, STI knowledge and sexual risk behaviour with STI symptom reporting...
May 19, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776349/randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-cannabinoid-replacement-therapy-nabiximols-for-the-management-of-treatment-resistant-cannabis-dependent-patients-a-study-protocol
#6
Anjali K Bhardwaj, David J Allsop, Jan Copeland, Iain S McGregor, Adrian Dunlop, Marian Shanahan, Raimondo Bruno, Nghi Phung, Mark Montebello, Craig Sadler, Jessica Gugusheff, Melissa Jackson, Jennifer Luksza, Nicholas Lintzeris
BACKGROUND: The cannabis extract nabiximols (Sativex®) effectively supresses withdrawal symptoms and cravings in treatment resistant cannabis dependent individuals, who have high relapse rates following conventional withdrawal treatments. This study examines the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of longer-term nabiximols treatment for outpatient cannabis dependent patients who have not responded to previous conventional treatment approaches. METHODS/DESIGN: A phase III multi-site outpatient, randomised, double-blinded, placebo controlled parallel design, comparing a 12-week course of nabiximols to placebo, with follow up at 24 weeks after enrolment...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773123/circumstances-of-child-deaths-in-mali-and-uganda-a-community-based-confidential-enquiry
#7
Merlin L Willcox, Elias Kumbakumba, Drissa Diallo, Vincent Mubangizi, Peter Kirabira, Florence Nakaggwa, Birungi Mutahunga, Chiaka Diakité, Eugene Dembélé, Mamadou Traoré, Pierre Daou, Drissa Bamba, Amadou Traoré, Diafara Berthé, Nick Wooding, Kieran Dinwoodie, Sarah Capewell, Hamish Foster, Rowena Neville, Joseph Ngonzi, Jerome Kabakyenga, David Mant, Anthony Harnden
BACKGROUND: Interventions to reduce child deaths in Africa have often underachieved, causing the Millennium Development Goal targets to be missed. We assessed whether a community enquiry into the circumstances of death could improve intervention effectiveness by identifying local avoidable factors and explaining implementation failures. METHODS: Deaths of children younger than 5 years were ascertained by community informants in two districts in Mali (762 deaths) and three districts in Uganda (442 deaths) in 2011-15...
June 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765776/what-is-the-impact-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-healthcare-facilities-on-care-seeking-behaviour-and-patient-satisfaction-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence-from-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Maha Bouzid, Oliver Cumming, Paul R Hunter
Patient satisfaction with healthcare has clear implications on service use and health outcomes. Barriers to care seeking are complex and multiple and delays in seeking care are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We sought to assess the relationship between water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) provision in healthcare facilities (HCF) and patient satisfaction/care seeking behaviour in low-income and middle-income countries. Pubmed and Medline Ovid were searched using a combination of search terms...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760253/deprescribing-benzodiazepine-receptor-agonists-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline
#9
Kevin Pottie, Wade Thompson, Simon Davies, Jean Grenier, Cheryl A Sadowski, Vivian Welch, Anne Holbrook, Cynthia Boyd, Robert Swenson, Andy Ma, Barbara Farrell
OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based guideline to help clinicians make decisions about when and how to safely taper and stop benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZRAs); to focus on the highest level of evidence available and seek input from primary care professionals in the guideline development, review, and endorsement processes. METHODS: The overall team comprised 8 clinicians (1 family physician, 2 psychiatrists, 1 clinical psychologist, 1 clinical pharmacologist, 2 clinical pharmacists, and 1 geriatrician) and a methodologist; members disclosed conflicts of interest...
May 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758443/health-care-seeking-behaviour-during-pregnancy-delivery-and-the-postnatal-period-in-bangladesh-assessing-the-compliance-with-who-recommendations
#10
M Mazharul Islam, Mohammad Shahed Masud
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends four antenatal care (ANC) visits, delivery in a health facility and three postnatal care (PNC) visits for women to optimize the maternal health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To examine the level and determinants of maternal health care seeking behaviour during pregnancy, delivery and the postnatal period, and assess the compliance with the WHO recommended levels of care in Bangladesh. DESIGN/SETTING: The study is based on secondary analysis of the data obtained from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS)...
April 30, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749785/reducing-restrictive-practice-in-adult-services-not-only-an-issue-for-mental-health-professionals
#11
Greg Hext, Louise L Clark, Andreas Xyrichis
Reducing 'restrictive practices' is an issue of national importance, pertinent to all NHS sectors, yet there is poor awareness of the issue in mainstream adult services. Such practices potentially restrict a person's rights to choice, self-determination, privacy and freedom. Challenging behaviour is often the result of unmet needs, communication difficulties or diagnostic overshadowing, but there is a common misconception that patients exhibit such behaviours because of their impaired intellectual abilities or mental health problems...
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731288/the-impact-of-drug-policy-liberalisation-on-willingness-to-seek-help-for-problem-drug-use-a-comparison-of-20-countries
#12
Isabella Benfer, Renee Zahnow, Monica J Barratt, Larissa Maier, Adam Winstock, Jason Ferris
BACKGROUND: While the impact of changing drug policies on rates of drug use has been investigated, research into how help-seeking behaviour changes as drug policies become more public-health focused is limited. This paper investigates reported changes in confidence to utilise drug services following hypothetical changes in national drug policy among a sample of individuals who report recent illicit drug use. We predict that liberalising national drug policy will increase the propensity for people who take illegal drugs to utilise health services...
May 3, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721330/attitudes-of-people-working-in-mental-health-non-governmental-organisations-in-australia-a-comparison-with-other-mental-health-professionals
#13
Grenville Rose, Courtney von Hippel, Loren Brener, Bill von Hippel
Research suggests that stigma impacts help-seeking behaviour and health outcomes for people affected by mental illness. This study compared the attitudes of Australian non-governmental organisation support workers towards people with mental illness with those of other health professionals. Three hundred and seventy four support workers were randomly allocated to answer questions about one of the six vignettes. Results indicated that non-governmental organisation support workers held more positive attitudes towards people with mental illness than those of general practitioners, psychiatrists and psychologists measured in prior research...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720112/emotional-predictors-of-bowel-screening-the-avoidance-promoting-role-of-fear-embarrassment-and-disgust
#14
Lisa M Reynolds, Ian P Bissett, Nathan S Consedine
BACKGROUND: Despite considerable efforts to address practical barriers, colorectal cancer screening numbers are often low. People do not always act rationally, and investigating emotions may offer insight into the avoidance of screening. The current work assessed whether fear, embarrassment, and disgust predicted colorectal cancer screening avoidance. METHODS: A community sample (N = 306) aged 45+ completed a questionnaire assessing colorectal cancer screening history and the extent that perceptions of cancer risk, colorectal cancer knowledge, doctor discussions, and a specifically developed scale, the Emotional Barriers to Bowel Screening (EBBS), were associated with previous screening behaviours and anticipated bowel health decision-making...
May 3, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717630/knowledge-and-causal-attributions-for-mental-disorders-in-hiv-positive-children-and-adolescents-results-from-rural-and-urban-uganda
#15
W Nalukenge, F Martin, J Seeley, E Kinyanda
Increasing availability of antiretroviral treatment (ART) has led HIV to be considered a chronic disease, shifting attention to focus on quality of life including mental wellbeing. We investigated knowledge and causal attributions for mental disorders in HIV-positive children and adolescents in rural and urban Uganda. This qualitative study was nested in an epidemiological mental health study among HIV-positive children and adolescents aged 5-17 years in rural and urban Uganda. In-depth interviews were conducted with caregivers of HIV-positive children (5-11 years) and adolescents (12-17 years) in HIV care...
May 2, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713532/lifestyle-causes-of-male-infertility
#16
Damayanthi Durairajanayagam
Objective: To examine the potential effects of lifestyle factors on male reproductive health. Evidence of a global decline in human sperm quality over recent decades has been accumulating. Environmental, occupational, and modifiable lifestyle factors may contribute to this decline. This review focuses on key lifestyle factors that are associated with male infertility such as smoking cigarettes, alcohol intake, use of illicit drugs, obesity, psychological stress, advanced paternal age, dietary practices, and coffee consumption...
March 2018: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705756/cohort-profile-china-respiratory-illness-surveillance-among-pregnant-women-crisp-2015-2018
#17
Liling Chen, Suizan Zhou, Zhongwei Zhang, Yan Wang, Lin Bao, Yayun Tan, Falin Sheng, Ying Song, Ran Zhang, A Danielle Iuliano, Mark G Thompson, Carolyn M Greene, Jun Zhang
PURPOSE: We established the China Respiratory Illness Surveillance among Pregnant women (CRISP) to conduct active surveillance for influenza-associated respiratory illness during pregnancy in China from 2015 to 2018. Among annual cohorts of pregnant women, we assess the incidence of acute respiratory illness (ARI), influenza-like illness (ILI), laboratory-confirmed influenza virus infection and the seroconversion proportion during the winter influenza season. We also plan to examine the effect of influenza virus infection on adverse pregnancy, delivery and infant health outcomes with cumulative data from the three annual cohorts...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690897/a-qualitative-study-of-safe-abortion-and-post-abortion-family-planning-service-experiences-of-women-attending-private-facilities-in-kenya
#18
Suzanne Penfold, Susy Wendot, Inviolata Nafula, Katharine Footman
BACKGROUND: To inform improvements in safe abortion and post-abortion family planning (PAFP) services, this study aimed to explore the pathways, decision-making, experiences and preferences of women receiving safe abortion and post-abortion family planning (PAFP) at private clinics in western Kenya. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 22 women who had recently used a safe abortion service from a private clinic. Interviews explored abortion-seeking behaviour and decision-making, abortion experience, use and knowledge of contraception, experience of PAFP counselling, and perceived facilitators of and challenges to family planning use...
April 24, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690829/psychosocial-characteristics-of-primary-care-seeking-long-distance-truck-drivers-in-kenya-and-associations-with-hiv-testing
#19
Matthew L Romo, Gavin George, Joanne E Mantell, Eva Mwai, Eston Nyaga, Jacob O Odhiambo, Kaymarlin Govender, Elizabeth A Kelvin
The 90-90-90 strategy from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) to end the AIDS epidemic by 2020 includes, as its first goal, to have 90% of all people living with HIV to know their status. Achieving this goal will depend on effectively reaching high risk populations, which include mobile populations such as truck drivers. This study aimed to characterise a sample of 305 truck drivers recruited from 2 roadside wellness clinics in Kenya in terms of anticipated HIV stigma, self-efficacy, fatalism, gender equity, sensation seeking, and self-esteem, and then determine the association of these psychosocial characteristics with HIV testing behaviour...
April 24, 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689385/pre-travel-health-seeking-practices-of-umrah-pilgrims-departing-from-assiut-international-airport-egypt
#20
Mirette M Aziz, Hosnia S Abd El-Megeed, Mennat Allah M Abd Ellatif
OBJECTIVES: to assess the health seeking practices and their determinants among Umrah pilgrims departing from Assiut international Airport. METHODS: We interviewed 300 pilgrims departing from Assiut International Airport while they were in the departure lounge, using a semi-structured questionnaire. RESULTS: Only 60%, 46.3% and 46.3% of Umrah pilgrims believed in importance of pre-travel vaccination, seeking health information, and health examination, respectively...
April 22, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
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