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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917115/comparisons-of-depression-anxiety-well-being-and-perceptions-of-the-built-environment-amongst-adults-seeking-social-intermediate-and-market-rent-accommodation-in-the-former-london-olympic-athletes-village
#1
Bina Ram, Aparna Shankar, Claire M Nightingale, Billie Giles-Corti, Anne Ellaway, Ashley R Cooper, Angie Page, Steven Cummins, Daniel Lewis, Peter H Whincup, Derek G Cook, Alicja R Rudnicka, Christopher G Owen
The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) study provides a unique opportunity to examine differences in mental health and well-being amongst adults seeking social, intermediate (affordable rent), and market-rent housing in a purpose built neighbourhood (East Village, the former London 2012 Olympic Athletes' Village), specifically designed to encourage positive health behaviours. Multi-level logistic regression models examined baseline differences in levels of depression, anxiety and well-being across the housing groups...
September 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911750/effect-of-counselling-on-health-care-seeking-behaviours-and-rabies-vaccination-adherence-after-dog-bites-in-haiti-2014-15-a-retrospective-follow-up-survey
#2
Melissa Dominique Etheart, Maxwell Kligerman, Pierre Dilius Augustin, Jesse D Blanton, Benjamin Monroe, Ludder Fleurinord, Max Millien, Kelly Crowdis, Natael Fenelon, Ryan MacLaren Wallace
BACKGROUND: Haiti has an integrated bite case management (IBCM) programme to counsel animal-bite victims on the risk of rabies and appropriate treatment, as well as the Haiti Animal Rabies Surveillance Program (HARSP) to examine the animals. We assessed the usefulness of the IBCM programme to promote best practices for rabies prophylaxis after exposure in a low-income rabies-endemic setting. METHODS: We did a retrospective follow-up survey of randomly selected bite victims who were counselled by Haiti's IBCM programme between May 15, 2014, and Sept 15, 2015...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911351/comprehensive-understanding-of-health-seeking-behaviour-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-in-china
#3
Y Jiang, B Cao, N Ohmagari, A-H Wu, Y-X Liu, L-P Guo
SETTING: In China, there were 918 000 tuberculosis (TB) cases in 2015 alone. The primary challenge facing TB control is the allocation of limited health care resources. OBJECTIVE: To gain a comprehensive understanding of the first choice of health care facility among Chinese patients with suspected pulmonary TB (PTB) and the number of visits required to make the diagnosis. DESIGN: Relevant full-text articles in three Chinese and one English literature databases up to November 2016 were reviewed...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910284/caretakers-perspectives-of-paediatric-tb-and-implications-for-care-seeking-behaviours-in-southern-mozambique
#4
Carolina Mindu, Elisa López-Varela, Yara Alonso-Menendez, Yolanda Mausse, Orvalho Joaquim Augusto, Kizito Gondo, Jose Múñoz, Jahit Sacarlal, Alberto L García-Basteiro, Pedro L Alonso, Khátia Munguambe
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important public health concern, especially in poorly resourced settings. TB diagnosis is challenging, particularly for children, who are the most vulnerable to its' impacts. Lack of knowledge and awareness of the disease compromises prompt diagnosis and treatment compliance. OBJECTIVE: To gain insights regarding caretakers' knowledge of the aetiology and prevention of paediatric TB in southern Mozambique, to describe their care-seeking behaviours and to assess the acceptability of diagnostic procedures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904815/predictors-help-seeking-behaviour-and-treatment-coverage-for-depression-in-adults-in-sehore-district-india
#5
Rahul Shidhaye, Tanica Lyngdoh, Vaibhav Murhar, Sandesh Samudre, Thomas Krafft
BACKGROUND: National Mental Health Survey found that in India, the point prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) was 2.7% and the treatment gap was 85.2%, whereas in Madhya Pradesh the point prevalence of MDD was 1.4% and the treatment gap was 80%. AIMS: To describe the baseline prevalence of depression among adults, association of various demographic and socioeconomic variables with depression and estimation of contact coverage for the same. METHOD: Population-based cross-sectional survey of 3220 adults in Sehore district of Madhya Pradesh, India...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901920/regulatory-models-and-model-behaviours
#6
Kathy Wilkie, John Tzountzouris
We appreciate the thoughtful and thought-provoking commentaries to our lead paper (Wilkie and Tzountzouris 2017) in this issue. Clearly, the question of how to best enable the behaviours of healthcare professionals to optimize their impact on our healthcare system is a complex one. We approach the question from the position of a health regulatory authority with a recognition that we cannot act alone. In our response to the valuable contributions to this issue of Healthcare Papers, we seek to educe the common themes that are presented...
2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899449/the-provider-perspective-investigating-the-effect-of-the-electronic-patient-reported-outcome-epro-mobile-application-and-portal-on-primary-care-provider-workflow
#7
Parminder K Hans, Carolyn Steele Gray, Ashlinder Gill, James Tiessen
Aim This qualitative study investigates how the Electronic Patient-Reported Outcome (ePRO) mobile application and portal system, designed to capture patient-reported measures to support self-management, affected primary care provider workflows. BACKGROUND: The Canadian health system is facing an ageing population that is living with chronic disease. Disruptive innovations like mobile health technologies can help to support health system transformation needed to better meet the multifaceted needs of the complex care patient...
September 13, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891109/strengthening-community-mental-health-competence-a-realist-informed-case-study-from-dehradun-north-india
#8
Kaaren Mathias, Jeph Mathias, Isabel Goicolea, Michelle Kermode
Few accounts exist of programmes in low- and middle-income countries seeking to strengthen community knowledge and skills in mental health. This case study uses a realist lens to explore how a mental health project in a context with few mental health services, strengthened community mental health competence by increasing community knowledge, creating safer social spaces and engaging partnerships for action. We used predominantly qualitative methods to explore relationships between context, interventions, mechanisms and outcomes in the "natural setting" of a community-based mental health project in Dehradun district, Uttarakhand, North India...
September 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881219/-it-is-not-a-quick-fix-structural-and-contextual-issues-that-affect-implementation-of-integrated-health-and-well-being-services-a-qualitative-study-from-north-east-england
#9
M Cheetham, S Visram, R Rushmer, G Greig, E Gibson, B Khazaeli, A Wiseman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to examine the factors affecting the design, commissioning and delivery of integrated health and well-being services (IHWSs), which seek to address multiple health-related behaviours, improve well-being and tackle health inequalities using holistic approaches. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative studies embedded within iterative process evaluations. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews conducted with 16 key informants as part of two separate evaluations of IHWSs in North East England, supplemented by informal observations of service delivery...
September 4, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877842/improving-health-literacy-about-dementia-among-older-chinese-and-vietnamese-australians
#10
Betty Haralambous, Paulene Mackell, Xiaoping Lin, Marcia Fearn, Briony Dow
The number of older people in the population is increasing faster than for any other age group. This population growth, while positive, is associated with increasing incidence of chronic and progressive diseases such as dementia. This requires older people to navigate services that may not be designed to meet their needs. This issue can be further amplified in culturally and linguistically diverse populations who often have limited English language proficiency and limited knowledge of diseases such as dementia...
September 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876677/surgical-infections-at-a-regional-hospital-in-gauteng-reasons-for-delay-to-care-and-profile-of-pathology
#11
N Patel, G P Candy, C Jann-Kruger
BACKGROUND: Infection is a common cause for the admission of surgical patients who were initially seen and managed at the primary health care level. Delay to care significantly increases the health care burden of surgical sepsis on affected individuals, the health system and society. METHOD: A prospective descriptive study was performed by means of a confidential questionnaire presented to qualifying patients between February 2014 and October 2016. No minors were included in the study...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871020/intermittent-catheter-users-symptom-identification-description-and-management-of-urinary-tract-infection-a-qualitative-study
#12
Ikumi Okamoto, Jacqui Prieto, Miriam Avery, Katherine Moore, Mandy Fader, Samantha Sartain, Bridget Clancy
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the views of intermittent catheter (IC) users regarding urinary tract infection (UTI) symptom presentation, terminology for describing signs and symptoms, the cause of UTI and management strategies. DESIGN: Qualitative study with semi-structured interviews. The transcribed text was analysed thematically. SETTING: 12 general practitioner (GP) surgeries in Hampshire and Dorset, UK. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 30 IC users, aged over 18, using IC for at least 3 months who had at least one self-reported UTI since starting IC...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870185/the-contribution-of-female-community-health-volunteers-fchvs-to-maternity-care-in-nepal-a-qualitative-study
#13
Sarita Panday, Paul Bissell, Edwin van Teijlingen, Padam Simkhada
BACKGROUND: In resource-poor settings, the provision of basic maternity care within health centres is often a challenge. Despite the difficulties, Nepal reduced its maternal mortality ratio by 80% from 850 to an estimated 170 per 100,000 live births between 1991 and 2011 to achieve Millennium Development Goal Five. One group that has been credited for this is community health workers, known as Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs), who form an integral part of the government healthcare system...
September 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868957/development-of-the-soss-d-a-scale-to-measure-stigma-of-occupational-stress-and-burnout-in-medical-doctors
#14
Bonnie A Clough, Michael J Ireland, Sonja March
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress and burnout are highly prevalent among doctors, with stigma identified as a barrier to help-seeking in this population. However, there has been a lack of a standardised tool to measure stigma of occupational stress and burnout among doctors. AIMS: The aim of the current study was to develop and investigate the psychometric properties of the Stigma of Occupational Stress Scale for Doctors (SOSS-D). METHOD: An online questionnaire package was completed by 200 (38 male, 162 female) doctors...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867421/dsm-5-illness-anxiety-disorder-and-somatic-symptom-disorder-comorbidity-correlates-and-overlap-with-dsm-iv-hypochondriasis
#15
Jill M Newby, Megan J Hobbs, Alison E J Mahoney, Shiu Kelvin Wong, Gavin Andrews
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability, validity and utility of DSM-5 illness anxiety disorder (IAD) and somatic symptom disorder (SSD), and explore their overlap with DSM-IV Hypochondriasis in a health anxious sample. METHODS: Treatment-seeking patients with health anxiety (N=118) completed structured diagnostic interviews to assess DSM-IV Hypochondriasis, DSM-5 IAD, SSD, and comorbid mental disorders, and completed self-report measures of health anxiety, comorbid symptoms, cognitions and behaviours, and service utilization...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860226/early-detection-of-perceived-risk-among-users-of-a-uk-travel-health-website-compared-with-internet-search-activity-and-media-coverage-during-the-2015-2016-zika-virus-outbreak-an-observational-study
#16
Jakob Petersen, Hilary Simons, Dipti Patel, Joanne Freedman
OBJECTIVES: The Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in the Americas in 2015-2016 posed a novel global threat due to the association with congenital malformations and its rapid spread. Timely information about the spread of the disease was paramount to public health bodies issuing travel advisories. This paper looks at the online interaction with a national travel health website during the outbreak and compares this to trends in internet searches and news media output. METHODS: Time trends were created for weekly views of ZIKV-related pages on a UK travel health website, relative search volumes for 'Zika' on Google UK, ZIKV-related items aggregated by Google UK News and rank of ZIKV travel advisories among all other pages between 15 November 2015 and 20 August 2016...
August 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859666/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-to-increase-awareness-of-mental-health-and-well-being-in-athletes-coaches-and-officials
#17
Gavin Breslin, Stephen Shannon, Tandy Haughey, Paul Donnelly, Gerard Leavey
BACKGROUND: The aim of the current study was to conduct a systematic review determining the effect of sport-specific mental health awareness programs to improve mental health knowledge and help-seeking among sports coaches, athletes and officials. The second aim was to review the study quality and to report on the validity of measures that were used to determine the effectiveness of programs. METHODS: Sport-specific mental health awareness programs adopting an experimental or quasi-experimental design were included for synthesis...
August 31, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855961/the-mental-health-and-help-seeking-behaviour-of-resettled-afghan-refugees-in-australia
#18
Shameran Slewa-Younan, Anisa Yaser, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, Haider Mannan, Caroline A Smith, Jonathan M Mond
BACKGROUND: Psychological trauma, in particular, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, are highly prevalent among resettled refugees. However, little is known regarding the mental health status and associated help-seeking behaviour of resettled Afghan refugees in Australia. METHODS: A sample of 150 resettled Afghan refugees (74 males; mean age 32.8 years, SD = 12.2) living in Adelaide, South Australia were recruited. Self-reported measures of PTSD, depression, exposure to traumatic events, functional impairment, self-recognition of PTSD symptomatology and help-seeking behaviours were completed...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854951/health-seeking-behaviour-among-suspected-cases-of-cholera-in-cameroonian-health-districts-in-lake-chad-basin
#19
Martin Ndinakie Yakum, Jerome Ateudjieu, Etienne Guenou, Ebile Akoh Walter, Malathi Ram, Amanda K Debes, Anthony Chebe Njimbia, Sonia Sonkeng Nafack, David A Sack
BACKGROUND: Cholera outbreaks are recurrent in Cameroon and despite the efforts put together during epidemics, they are always associated with a high case fatality. Inadequate demand for health care is one of the major factors that might be responsible for the high case fatality. This study was conducted to describe the health seeking behaviour of suspected cases of cholera in four health districts of the Far North Cameroon. METHODS: We conducted a health facility based descriptive study involving suspected cases of cholera received in health facilities...
August 30, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854877/demand-side-financing-for-maternal-and-newborn-health-what-do-we-know-about-factors-that-affect-implementation-of-cash-transfers-and-voucher-programmes
#20
Benjamin M Hunter, Susan F Murray
BACKGROUND: Demand-side financing (DSF) interventions, including cash transfers and vouchers, have been introduced to promote maternal and newborn health in a range of low- and middle-income countries. These interventions vary in design but have typically been used to increase health service utilisation by offsetting some financial costs for users, or increasing household income and incentivising 'healthy behaviours'. This article documents experiences and implementation factors associated with use of DSF in maternal and newborn health...
August 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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