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pericarditis y lupus

J W Lee, D J Park, J H Kang, S E Choi, Y R Yim, J E Kim, K E Lee, L Wen, T J Kim, Y W Park, Y K Sung, S S Lee
OBJECTIVES: The survival rate of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus has improved in the last few decades, but the rate of hospitalization and health care costs for these patients remain higher than in the general population. Thus, we evaluated the rate of hospitalization and associated risk factors in an inception cohort of Korean patients with lupus. METHODS: Of the 507 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus enrolled in the KORean lupus NETwork, we investigated an inception cohort consisting of 196 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus presenting within 6 months of diagnosis based on the American College of Rheumatology classification criteria...
March 21, 2016: Lupus
M Pio, Y M Afassinou, S Pessinaba, K E Mossi, A Kotosso, S Baragou, E G Akue, A M Ephoevi-Ga, B Atta, K E Ehlan, F Damorou
OBJECTIVE: to describe the course and the etiologic, prognostic, and therapeutic aspects of effusive pericarditis (EP) in Togo. MATERIAL ANDMETHODS: Prospective and longitudinal study conducted at the cardiology department of Sylvanus Olympio Teaching Hospital of Lome from February 1, 2011, to January 31, 2014, of patients hospitalized for EP, confirmed by Doppler echocardiography. RESULTS: The study included 38 patients. The hospital incidence rate of EP was 2...
January 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
J Zhao, W Bai, P Zhu, X Zhang, S Liu, L Wu, L Ma, L Bi, X Zuo, L Sun, C Huang, X Tian, M Li, Y Zhao, X Zeng
OBJECTIVES: To investigate both the prevalence and clinical characteristics of serositis in Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a large cohort in the Chinese SLE Treatment and Research group (CSTAR) database. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study of patients with SLE was conducted based on the data from the CSTAR registry. Serositis was defined according to the 1999 revised American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for SLE - that is, pleuritis/pleural effusion and/or pericarditis/pericardial effusion detected by echocardiography, chest X-ray or chest computerized tomography (CT) scan...
May 2016: Lupus
S Demir, B Artim-Esen, Y Şahinkaya, Ö Pehlivan, N Alpay-Kanıtez, A Omma, B Erer, S Kamalı, A Gül, O Aral, L Öcal, M İnanç
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have increased rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) that are one of the major causes of mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the frequencies of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and CVD in SLE patients and investigate the link between these and clinical features of SLE. METHODS: A total of 311 SLE patients were consecutively assessed for cumulative organ damage (SDI/SLICC scores), history of CVD and MetS as defined by the National Cholesterol Educational Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III)...
February 2016: Lupus
M Li, Q Wang, J Zhao, Z Li, Z Ye, C Li, X Li, P Zhu, Z Wang, Y Zheng, X Li, M Zhang, Z Tian, Y Liu, J He, F Zhang, Y Zhao, X Zeng
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and risk factors for PAH in patients registered in the Chinese SLE Treatment and Research group (CSTAR) database, the first online registry of Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study of patients with SLE was conducted using the CSTAR registry. Resting transthoracic echocardiography was used to estimate pulmonary artery pressure (PAP); PAH was defined as systolic PAP (PASP)≥40 mmHg...
September 2014: Lupus
J T Merrill, R Burgos-Vargas, R Westhovens, A Chalmers, D D'Cruz, D J Wallace, S C Bae, L Sigal, J-C Becker, S Kelly, K Raghupathi, T Li, Y Peng, M Kinaszczuk, P Nash
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate abatacept therapy in patients with non-life-threatening systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and polyarthritis, discoid lesions, or pleuritis and/or pericarditis. METHODS: In a 12-month, multicenter, exploratory, phase IIb randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, SLE patients with polyarthritis, discoid lesions, or pleuritis and/or pericarditis were randomized at a ratio of 2:1 to receive abatacept (∼10 mg/kg of body weight) or placebo...
October 2010: Arthritis and Rheumatism
Y Kamata, M Iwamoto, Y Aoki, Y Kishaba, T Nagashima, H Nara, T Kamimura, A Tanaka, T Yoshio, H Okazaki, S Minota
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is often complicated by pericarditis with effusion, which generally responds well to glucocorticoid. We report herein a Japanese patient with SLE who showed a sign of cardiac tamponade and severe chest and back pain because of massive intractable pericardial effusion. Pulse glucocorticoid and pulse cyclophosphamide gained marginal effects. Pericardial effusion accumulated again soon after ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis and drainage. Pericardial fenestration performed surgically as a last resort, for draining pericardial fluid into the pleural space, was very effective, and only a much smaller amount of fluid was observed in the space thereafter in comparison with the volume before the surgery...
November 2008: Lupus
A Tincani, C B Rebaioli, M Taglietti, Y Shoenfeld
Cardiac involvement is one of the main complications substantially contributing to the morbidity and mortality of patients suffering from systemic autoimmune diseases. All the anatomical heart structures can be affected, and multiple pathogenic mechanisms have been reported. Non-organ-specific autoantibodies have been implicated in immune complex formation and deposition as the initial triggers for inflammatory processes responsible for Libman-Sacks verrucous endocarditis, myocarditis and pericarditis. Anti-phospholipid antibodies have been associated with thrombotic events in coronary arteries, heart valve involvement and intra-myocardial vasculopathy in the context of primary and secondary anti-phospholipid syndrome...
October 2006: Rheumatology
M Funauchi, H Shimadzu, C Tamaki, T Yamagata, Y Nozaki, M Sugiyama, S Ikoma, K Kinoshita
Survival rate and causes of death according to the period of diagnosis and four accompanying organ disorders were analyzed in 306 Japanese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. The survival rate was gradually improved, and the survival rate during 5- and 10-year periods of the patients diagnosed in 1990-2004 was 94 and 92%, 20-year period of those in 1980-1989 was 77%, 30-year period of those in 1975-1979 was 71%, respectively. Survival rate of those with serositis, pulmonary hypertension, and positive family history tended to be reduced, while that of the cases with neuropsychiatric disorder and renal disorder was significantly reduced...
January 2007: Rheumatology International
Y-H Yeh, P-H Chu, C-H Yeh, Y-J Jan Wu, M-H Lee, S-M Jung, C-T Kuo
Although cardiac tamponade is an important and emergent complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), purulent pericarditis is rare despite the high frequency of pericardial effusion in SLE. We describe the first SLE case of Haemophilus influenzae type-f pericarditis with cardiac tamponade with SLE as the initial presentation. The pathophysiology and therapy are discussed.
November 2004: International Journal of Clinical Practice
M Iwai, Y Harada, M Ishii, S Tanaka, A Muramatsu, T Mori, T Nakashima, T Okanoue, S Hirohata
We report a female patient with systemic lupus erythematous (SLE), hyperbilirubinemia and high serum value of ALT. International autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) score showed definite AIH before treatment, but autoantibodies could not make a differential diagnosis of AIH and SLE-associated hepatitis. Liver biopsy showed periportal hepatitis with lymphoplasmacytic infiltration, but neither parenchymal collapse nor rosette formation could be found. Pericarditis, pleuritis and nephritis were improved as well as liver injury after administration of prednisolone, and no repeated attack has been present these 4 years...
September 2003: Clinical Rheumatology
Y H You, C L Wu
To know the clinical characteristics of male patients with systemic lupus erythema(SLE), the clinical and laboratory indications of 46 male SLE patients were analysed and compared with those of 269 females. The results showed that: 1. There was family history in 21.28% of male patients. 2. As compared with female SLE patients, pleurisy, pericarditis, lupus nephritis(LN), proteinuria, renal failure, the incidence of types, V-LN and the positive rate of Sm antibody were more common in males while facial erythema, Raynaud's phenomenon and photoallergy were less in male...
October 28, 2000: Hunan Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Hunan Yike Daxue Xuebao, Bulletin of Hunan Medical University
M R Azizah, S S Ainol, N C Kong, Y Normaznah, M N Rahim
An analysis of the clinical and serological features of 12 male and 122 female patients with SLE was done to determine whether sex related differences exist. We found a lower incidence of mucocutaneous symptoms and arthritis but an increased incidence of discoid lesions, pleuritis and pericarditis in males at disease onset. During the disease course, there was a lower incidence of arthritis, a similar prevalence of mucocutaneous symptoms but an increased incidence of pleuritis in males with a trend towards renal involvement...
September 2001: Medical Journal of Malaysia
K Mutoh, Y Hidaka, Y Hirose, M Kimura
An epileptic male to whom zonisamide and ethosuximide had been administered exhibited fever, pericarditis, pleuritis, arthralgia, and elevated titers of antinuclear antibody and anti-DNA-antibody at 5 years, 11 months of age. It was suggested that zonisamide induced the systemic lupus erythematosus symptoms because the antinuclear antibody titers began to rise after zonisamide was administered, and clinical recovery and a decrease in the anti-DNA-antibody levels promptly followed the discontinuation of the drug...
October 2001: Pediatric Neurology
K K Colburn, L M Green, A K Wong, A L Wong
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by autoantibodies, including antibodies to the nucleosides of DNA. Guanosine is the most immunogenic nucleoside. In this study serum antiguanosine antibody levels were compared with disease activity, determined by their SLEDI score, in 86 patients with SLE. Sera from these patients were tested, by ELISA, for autoantibodies to guanosine, single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), and double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). Anti-double-stranded DNA levels were also measured by RIA. Resultant values from these assays were correlated with SLE disease activity, and compared with specific features of SLE...
2001: Lupus
T Koga, Y Kubota, H Kiryu, J Nakayama, S Takeda, K Kono
A 71-year-old Japanese woman is reported as a case of late onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with lichen planus (LP)-like eruption and cardiac tamponade. As an initial symptom, our patient had cutaneous lesions clinically and histologically resembling LP, and then the passage of time allowed for the development of additional criteria (lymphopenia, pericarditis) until the diagnosis of SLE could be made. Our case suggests that LP-like eruptions may be one of the unusual variations of late onset SLE and elderly patients with LP-like eruptions should be carefully followed until a final diagnosis can be clearly made...
December 2000: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
M Meissner, Y Sherer, Y Levy, H Chwalinska-Sadowska, P Langevitz, Y Shoenfeld
The use of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) has been reported as an immunomodulating agent in several autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Herein we report a SLE patient with severe clinical presentation that included pericarditis, pleural effusion, nephrotic range proteinuria, leukopenia, and lymphopenia. The patient received one course of high-dose IVIg (2.8 g/kg body weight), and within a week of post-IVIg therapy, her condition significantly improved. One-month post-IVIg there were decreased proteinuria, elevated leukocytes and lymphocytes count, decrease in antinuclear and anti-dsDNA antibodies, and disappearance of pericarditis and pleuritis...
2000: Rheumatology International
D Y Wang, P C Yang, W L Yu, S H Kuo, N Y Hsu
The antinuclear antibodies (ANA) test has been a cornerstone of the evaluation of connective tissue disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of the ANA test in pleural or pericardial effusions of unknown causes. Over a 3-yr period, a total of 126 pleural fluid and 30 pericardial fluid samples were analysed. ANA tests were performed using a commercially available kit. The ANA kit used an indirect immunofluorescent antibody method with a human epithelial (HEP-2) cell line as substrate...
June 2000: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
D Y Wang, P C Yang, W L Yu, D C Shiah, H W Kuo, N Y Hsu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pleural or pericardial effusions, or both, are commonly encountered, but the differential diagnosis is sometimes difficult. We evaluated the diagnostic value of effusion immunofluorescent antinuclear antibody (ANA) titer, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) latex agglutination slide test, and cytologic LE cell examination in patients with pleural and/or pericardial effusions of various etiologies. METHODS: A total of 153 pleural and/or pericardial effusion specimens were collected by aspiration from 152 patients (14 SLE and 138 non-SLE patients)...
May 2000: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
M Hortal, T Camou, R Palacio, H Dibarboure, A García
OBJECTIVES: Since 1987, the Reference Laboratory of the Ministry of Health of Uruguay has been monitoring infections due to Streptococcus pneumoniae in patients under 5 years of age, in those between 5 to 14 years of age, and in adults. The purpose of the present study was to retrospectively analyze a 10-year collection of invasive S. pneumoniae isolates from children 5 to 14 years of age and adults. METHODS: The Reference Children's Hospital, Pasteur Hospital, and two private hospitals in Montevideo as well as four hospitals located in other representative areas of the country participated in the pneumococcal surveillance program...
2000: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
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