keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fatty acid binding protein

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777200/a-map-of-the-pgc-1%C3%AE-and-nt-pgc-1%C3%AE-regulated-transcriptional-network-in-brown-adipose-tissue
#1
Ji Suk Chang, Sujoy Ghosh, Susan Newman, J Michael Salbaum
Transcriptional coactivator PGC-1α and its splice variant NT-PGC-1α play crucial roles in regulating cold-induced thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT). PGC-1α and NT-PGC-1α are highly induced by cold in BAT and subsequently bind to and coactivate many transcription factors to regulate expression of genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis, fatty acid oxidation, respiration and thermogenesis. To identify the complete repertoire of PGC-1α and NT-PGC-1α target genes in BAT, we analyzed genome-wide DNA-binding and gene expression profiles...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775936/from-hit-to-lead-structure-based-discovery-of-naphthalene-1-sulfonamide-derivatives-as-potent-and-selective-inhibitors-of-fatty-acid-binding-protein-4
#2
Ding-Ding Gao, Hui-Xia Dou, Hai-Xia Su, Ming-Ming Zhang, Ting Wang, Qiu-Feng Liu, Hai-Yan Cai, Hai-Peng Ding, Zhuo Yang, Wei-Liang Zhu, Ye-Chun Xu, He-Yao Wang, Ying-Xia Li
Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) plays a critical role in metabolism and inflammatory processes and therefore is a potential therapeutic target for immunometabolic diseases such as diabetes and atherosclerosis. Herein, we reported the identification of naphthalene-1-sulfonamide derivatives as novel, potent and selective FABP4 inhibitors by applying a structure-based design strategy. The binding affinities of compounds 16dk, 16do and 16du to FABP4, at the molecular level, are equivalent to or even better than that of BMS309403...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772707/pimt-ncoa6ip-deletion-in-the-mouse-heart-causes-delayed-cardiomyopathy-attributable-to-perturbation-in-energy-metabolism
#3
Yuzhi Jia, Ning Liu, Navin Viswakarma, Ruya Sun, Mathew J Schipma, Meng Shang, Edward B Thorp, Yashpal S Kanwar, Bayar Thimmapaya, Janardan K Reddy
PIMT/NCOA6IP, a transcriptional coactivator PRIP/NCOA6 binding protein, enhances nuclear receptor transcriptional activity. Germline disruption of PIMT results in early embryonic lethality due to impairment of development around blastocyst and uterine implantation stages. We now generated mice with Cre-mediated cardiac-specific deletion of PIMT (csPIMT-/- ) in adult mice. These mice manifest enlargement of heart, with nearly 100% mortality by 7.5 months of age due to dilated cardiomyopathy. Significant reductions in the expression of genes (i) pertaining to mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes I to IV; (ii) calcium cycling cardiac muscle contraction ( Atp2a1 , Atp2a2 , Ryr2 ); and (iii) nuclear receptor PPAR- regulated genes involved in glucose and fatty acid energy metabolism were found in csPIMT-/- mouse heart...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771917/the-differentiation-of-preadipocytes-and-gene-expression-related-to-adipogenesis-in-ducks-anas-platyrhynchos
#4
Shasha Wang, Yang Zhang, Qi Xu, Xiaoya Yuan, Wangcheng Dai, Xiaokun Shen, Zhixiu Wang, Guobin Chang, Zhiquan Wang, Guohong Chen
Meat quality is closely related to adipose tissues in ducks, and adipogenesis is controlled by a complex network of transcription factors tightly acting at different stages of differentiation especially in ducks. The aim of this study was to establish the preadipocyte in vitro culture system and understand the biological characteristics of expansion of duck adipocyte tissue at the cellular and molecular level. We isolated pre-adipocytes from the subcutaneous fat of three breeds of duck and differentiated them into mature adipocytes using a mixture of insulin, rosiglitazone, dexamethasone, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, and oleic acid over 0,2, 4, 6, and 8 days...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771764/intestinal-fatty-acid-binding-protein-as-a-marker-of-necrosis-and-severity-in-acute-pancreatitis
#5
Juozas Kupčinskas, Rolandas Gedgaudas, Hannes Hartman, Tomi Sippola, Outi Lindström, Colin Johnson, Sara Regnér
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to study intestinal fatty acid binding protein (i-FABP) as a potential biomarker in predicting severity of acute pancreatitis (AP). METHODS: In a prospective multicenter cohort study plasma levels of i-FABP were measured in 402 patients with AP. Severity of AP was determined based on the 1992 Atlanta Classification. RESULTS: Admission levels of plasma i-FABP were significantly higher in patients with pancreatic necrosis, in patients having systemic complications, in patients treated invasively, in patients treated in the intensive care unit, in patients with severe AP, and in deceased patients...
May 17, 2018: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770799/heart-type-fatty-acid-binding-protein-h-fabp-as-a-biomarker-for-acute-myocardial-injury-and-long-term-post-ischemic-prognosis
#6
REVIEW
Xiao-Dong Ye, Yi He, Sheng Wang, Gordon T Wong, Michael G Irwin, Zhengyuan Xia
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a life-threatening event. Even with timely treatment, acute ischemic myocardial injury and ensuing ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) can still be difficult issues to tackle. Apart from radiological and other auxiliary examinations, laboratory tests of applicable cardiac biomarkers are also necessary for early diagnosis and close monitoring of this disorder. Heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP), which mainly exists inside cardiomyocytes, has recently emerged as a potentially promising biomarker for myocardial injury...
May 17, 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769740/identification-of-a-s-aureus-virulence-factor-by-activity-based-protein-profiling-abpp
#7
Christian S Lentz, Jessica R Sheldon, Lisa A Crawford, Rachel Cooper, Megan Garland, Manuel R Amieva, Eranthie Weerapana, Eric P Skaar, Matthew Bogyo
Serine hydrolases play diverse roles in regulating host-pathogen interactions in a number of organisms, yet few have been characterized in the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus. Here we describe a chemical proteomic screen that identified ten previously uncharacterized S. aureus serine hydrolases that mostly lack human homologs. We termed these enzymes fluorophosphonate-binding hydrolases (FphA-J). One hydrolase, FphB, can process short fatty acid esters, exhibits increased activity in response to host cell factors, is located predominantly on the bacterial cell surface in a subset of cells, and is concentrated in the division septum...
May 16, 2018: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768040/myristate-induced-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-requires-ceramide-synthases-5-6-and-generation-of-c14-ceramide-in-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#8
Songhwa Choi, Justin M Snider, Nicole Olakkengil, Johana M Lambert, Andrea K Anderson, Jessica S Ross-Evans, L Ashley Cowart, Ashley J Snider
Saturated fatty acids (SFAs) have been shown to induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and chronic inflammatory responses, as well as alter sphingolipid metabolism. Disruptions in ER stress and sphingolipid metabolism have also been implicated in intestinal inflammation. Therefore, to elucidate the roles of SFAs in ER stress and inflammation in intestinal epithelial cells, we examined myristate (C14:0) and palmitate (C16:0). Myristate, but not palmitate, induced ER stress signaling, including activation of inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) and X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1) signaling...
May 16, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765362/tachyplesin-causes-membrane-instability-that-kills-multidrug-resistant-bacteria-by-inhibiting-the-3-ketoacyl-carrier-protein-reductase-fabg
#9
Cunbao Liu, Jialong Qi, Bin Shan, Yanbing Ma
Tachyplesin is a type of cationic β-hairpin antimicrobial peptide discovered in horseshoe crab approximately 30 years ago that is well known for both its potential antimicrobial activities against multidrug-resistant bacteria and its cytotoxicity to mammalian cells. Though its physical interactions with artificial membranes have been well studied, details of its physiological mechanism of action the physiological consequences of its action remain limited. By using the DNA-binding fluorescent dye propidium iodide to monitor membrane integrity, confocal microscopy to assess the intracellular location of FITC-tagged tachyplesin, and RNA sequencing of the differentially expressed genes in four Gram-negative bacteria ( Escherichia coli, Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumoniae , and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ) treated with lethal or sublethal concentrations of tachyplesin, we found that compared with levofloxacin-treated bacteria, tachyplesin-treated bacteria showed significant effects on the pathways underlying unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763591/scp-2-scp-x-ablation-in-fabp1-null-mice-differentially-impacts-hepatic-endocannabinoid-level-depending-on-dietary-fat
#10
Gregory G Martin, Drew R Seeger, Avery L McIntosh, Sarah Chung, Sherrelle Milligan, Danilo Landrock, Lawrence J Dangott, Mikhail Y Golovko, Eric J Murphy, Ann B Kier, Friedhelm Schroeder
Dysregulation of the hepatic endocannabinoid (EC) system and high fat diet (HFD) are associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Liver cytosol contains high levels of two novel endocannabinoid binding proteins-liver fatty acid binding protein (FABP1) and sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2). While Fabp1 gene ablation significantly increases hepatic levels of arachidonic acid (ARA)-containing EC and sex-dependent response to pair-fed high fat diet (HFD), the presence of SCP-2 complicates interpretation. These issues were addressed by ablating Scp-2/Scp-x in Fabp1 null mice (TKO)...
May 12, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762715/effect-of-diet-type-and-added-copper-on-growth-performance-carcass-characteristics-energy-digestibility-gut-morphology-and-mucosal-mrna-expression-of-finishing-pigs
#11
Kyle F Coble, Derris D Burnett, Joel M DeRouchey, Mike D Tokach, John M Gonzalez, Fangzhou Wu, Steve S Dritz, Robert D Goodband, Jason C Woodworth, John R Pluske
A total of 757 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050; initially 27.6 kg body weight) were used in a 117-d experiment to determine the effects of added Cu from tribasic copper chloride and diet type on growth performance, carcass characteristics, energy digestibility, gut morphology, and mucosal mRNA expression of finishing pigs. Pens of pigs were allotted to 1 of 4 dietary treatments, balanced on average pen weight in a randomized complete block design with 26 to 28 pigs per pen and 7 replications per treatment. Treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial with main effects of diet type, a corn-soybean meal-based diet (corn-soy) or a high byproduct diet (byproduct) with 30% distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) and 15% bakery meal, and added Cu (0 or 150 mg/kg added Cu)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762690/intestinal-integrity-biomarkers-in-early-antiretroviral-treated-perinatally-hiv-1-infected-infants
#12
Wei Li A Koay, Jane C Lindsey, Priyanka Uprety, Mutsa Bwakura-Dangarembizi, Adriana Weinberg, Myron J Levin, Deborah Persaud
Biomarkers of intestinal integrity (intestinal fatty acid binding protein (iFABP) and zonulin), were compared in early antiretroviral-treated, HIV-1-infected (HIV+; n=56) African infants and HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU; n=53) controls. Despite heightened inflammation and immune activation in HIV+ infants, iFABP and zonulin levels at three months of age were not different from those in HEU infants, and largely not correlated with inflammatory and immune activation biomarkers. However, zonulin levels increased, and became significantly higher in HIV+ compared to HEU infants by five months of age despite ART-suppression...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761376/measurement-of-urinary-biomarkers-in-a-case-of-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-and-uveitis-syndrome-during-glucocorticoid-treatment
#13
Masafumi Sugiyama
Tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU) is a rare syndrome in which idiopathic interstitial nephritis coexists with chronic recurrent uveitis. This syndrome often represents systemic disorders such as arthralgia, rash, prolonged fever, anaemia and ocular symptoms that require medication including glucocorticoid administration. Recently, novel urinary biomarkers, such as kidney injury molecule-1, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and liver-type fatty acid-binding protein, were shown to be associated with tubulointerstitial damage and were elevated in interstitial nephritis...
May 14, 2018: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760092/noncatalytic-chalcone-isomerase-fold-proteins-in-humulus-lupulus-are-auxiliary-components-in-prenylated-flavonoid-biosynthesis
#14
Zhaonan Ban, Hao Qin, Andrew J Mitchell, Baoxiu Liu, Fengxia Zhang, Jing-Ke Weng, Richard A Dixon, Guodong Wang
Xanthohumol (XN) and demethylxanthohumol (DMX) are specialized prenylated chalconoids with multiple pharmaceutical applications that accumulate to high levels in the glandular trichomes of hops ( Humulus lupulus L.). Although all structural enzymes in the XN pathway have been functionally identified, biochemical mechanisms underlying highly efficient production of XN have not been fully resolved. In this study, we characterized two noncatalytic chalcone isomerase (CHI)-like proteins (designated as HlCHIL1 and HlCHIL2) using engineered yeast harboring all genes required for DMX production...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759071/metformin-attenuates-triglyceride-accumulation-in-hepg2-cells-through-decreasing-stearyl-coenzyme-a-desaturase-1-expression
#15
Xiaopeng Zhu, Hongmei Yan, Mingfeng Xia, Xinxia Chang, Xi Xu, Liu Wang, Xiaoyang Sun, Yan Lu, Hua Bian, Xiaoying Li, Xin Gao
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has increased worldwide. Metformin decreases triglyceride (TG) accumulation in hepatocytes in vivo and in vitro. Stearyl-coenzyme A desaturase 1 (SCD1) knockout mice also show decreased liver TG accumulation; however, whether SCD1 plays a role in the effect of metformin on TG accumulation is unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether SCD1 mediated the effect of metformin on TG accumulation...
May 14, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757674/eicosapentaenoic-acid-induces-dna-demethylation-in-carcinoma-cells-through-a-tet1-dependent-mechanism
#16
Veronica Ceccarelli, Virginia Valentini, Simona Ronchetti, Lorenza Cannarile, Monia Billi, Carlo Riccardi, Laura Ottini, Vincenzo Nicola Talesa, Francesco Grignani, Alba Vecchini
In cancer cells, global genomic hypomethylation is found together with localized hypermethylation of CpG islands within the promoters and regulatory regions of silenced tumor suppressor genes. Demethylating agents may reverse hypermethylation, thus promoting gene re-expression. Unfortunately, demethylating strategies are not efficient in solid tumor cells. DNA demethylation is mediated by ten-eleven translocation enzymes (TETs). They sequentially convert 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), which is associated with active transcription; 5-formylcytosine; and finally, 5-carboxylcytosine...
May 14, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757606/monobody-mediated-alteration-of-lipase-substrate-specificity
#17
Shun-Ichi Tanaka, Tetsuya Takahashi, Akiko Koide, Riki Iwamoto, Satoshi Koikeda, Shohei Koide
Controlling catalytic properties of enzymes remain an important challenge in chemistry and biotechnology. We have recently established a strategy for altering enzyme specificity in which the addition of proxy monobodies, synthetic binding proteins, modulates the specificity of an otherwise unmodified enzyme. Here, in order to examine its broader applicability we employed the strategy on Candida rugosa lipase 1 (CRL1), an enzyme with a tunnel-like substrate binding site. We successfully identified proxy monobodies that restricted the substrate specificity of CRL1 toward short-chain fatty acids...
May 14, 2018: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755604/probiotics-strains-modulate-gut-microbiota-and-lipid-metabolism-in-mule-ducks
#18
Maxime Even, Stéphane Davail, Mikael Rey, Annabelle Tavernier, Marianne Houssier, Marie Dominique Bernadet, Karine Gontier, Géraldine Pascal, Karine Ricaud
Background: Livestock production should respond to societal, environmental and economic changes. Since 2006 and the ban on antibiotics as growth factors in European Union, the use of probiotics has become widespread and has demonstrated the effect of intestinal microbiota on the performance of farm animals. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of supplementation with Lactobacillus salivarius (as a probiotics strain or combined with other strains) on zootechnical performance, metabolic and immune gene expression and intestinal microbiota diversity in mule ducks using high-throughput sequencing and real-time PCR...
2018: Open Microbiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754444/peptidome-analysis-reveals-novel-serum-biomarkers-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-china
#19
Juan Yang, Yanni Chen, Xiaofan Xiong, Xiaobo Zhou, Lin Han, Ei Ni, Wenjing Wang, Xiaofei Wang, Lingyu Zhao, Dongdong Shao, Chen Huang
PURPOSE: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological and developmental disorder that begins early in childhood and lasts throughout one's life. Early diagnosis is essential for ASD since early treatment can enable children with ASD to make significant gains in language and social skills, but remains challenging since there are currently no specific biomarkers of ASD. The study aimed to identify serum biomarkers for ASD. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Serum of Han Chinese children with ASD (n = 68) and age-matched healthy controls (n = 80) was analyzed using magnetic bead-based separation combined with mass spectrum...
May 13, 2018: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750937/the-potential-role-of-a-turbidimetric-heart-type-fatty-acid-binding-protein-assay-to-aid-in-the-interpretation-of-persistently-elevated-non-changing-cardiac-troponin-i-concentrations
#20
Peter A Kavsak, Craig Ainsworth, Donald M Arnold, Terry Scott, Lorna Clark, Josko Ivica, Katharine Mackett, Richard Whitlock, Andrew Worster
BACKGROUND: Elevated and non-changing high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) concentrations may suggest a process other than acute injury, possibly due to chronic condition(s) causing the elevation, an analytical error/interference or the formation of macrocomplexes. Heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) might be useful in this setting to identify the etiology of abnormally high and non-changing cTn concentrations which could aid clinical decision making in the hospital setting...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
9112
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"