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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918654/cold-water-immersion-and-contrast-water-therapy-do-not-improve-short-term-recovery-following-resistance-training
#1
Christos K Argus, James R Broatch, Aaron C Petersen, Remco Polman, David J Bishop, Shona Halson
PURPOSE: An athlete's ability to recover quickly is important when there is limited time between training and competition. As such, recovery strategies are commonly used to expedite the recovery process. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of both cold water immersion (CWI) and contrast water therapy (CWT) compared to control on short-term recovery (<4h) following a single full-body resistance training session. METHODS: Thirteen males (age, 26 ± 5 years; weight, 79 ± 7 kg; height, 177 ± 5 cm) were assessed for perceptual (fatigue and soreness) and performance measures (maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) of the knee extensors, weighted and unweighted countermovement jumps) prior to and immediately following the training session...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701967/wearable-technology-for-athletes-information-overload-and-pseudoscience
#2
Shona L Halson, Jonathan M Peake, John P Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643743/resistance-exercise-augments-postprandial-overnight-muscle-protein-synthesis-rates
#3
Jorn Trommelen, Andrew M Holwerda, Imre W K Kouw, Henning Langer, Shona L Halson, Ian Rollo, Lex B Verdijk, Luc J C van Loon
INTRODUCTION: We have previously shown that protein ingestion prior to sleep increases overnight muscle protein synthesis rates. Whether prior exercise further augments the muscle protein synthetic response to pre-sleep protein ingestion remains to be established. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether resistance-type exercise performed in the evening increases the overnight muscle protein synthetic response to pre-sleep protein ingestion. METHODS: Twenty four healthy young men were randomly assigned to ingest 30 g intrinsically L-[1-C]-phenylalanine and L-[1-C]-leucine labeled casein protein before going to sleep with (PRO+EX: n=12) or without (PRO: n=12) prior resistance-type exercise performed in the evening...
September 23, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632195/effect-of-compression-socks-worn-between-repeated-maximal-running-bouts
#4
Ned Brophy-Williams, Matthew W Driller, Cecilia M Kitic, James W Fell, Shona L Halson
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of wearing compression socks between repeated running bouts on perceptual, physiological and performance-based parameters. METHODS: Twelve well-trained male runners (mean ± SD; 5km time 19:24 ± 1:19 mm:ss) recorded their perceptions on the efficacy of compression socks for recovery prior to completion of two experimental sessions. Each session consisted of two 5km running time trials (TT1 and TT2) on a treadmill, with a one-hour recovery period between each TT...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584178/protein-ingestion-before-sleep-provides-precursors-for-post-exercise-overnight-de-novo-muscle-protein-synthesis-88-board-4-june-1-9-30-am-11-30-am
#5
Jorn Trommelen, Andrew M Holwerda, Imre W K Kouw, Shona L Halson, Lex B Verdijk, Luc J C van Loon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584175/exercise-enhances-the-overnight-muscle-protein-synthetic-response-to-pre-sleep-protein-feeding-in-older-males-85-board-1-june-1-9-30-am-11-30-am
#6
Andrew M Holwerda, Imre W K Kouw, Jorn Trommelen, Shona L Halson, Will K W H Wodzig, Lex B Verdijk, Luc J C van Loon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441380/superior-inhibitory-control-and-resistance-to-mental-fatigue-in-professional-road-cyclists
#7
Kristy Martin, Walter Staiano, Paolo Menaspà, Tom Hennessey, Samuele Marcora, Richard Keegan, Kevin G Thompson, David Martin, Shona Halson, Ben Rattray
PURPOSE: Given the important role of the brain in regulating endurance performance, this comparative study sought to determine whether professional road cyclists have superior inhibitory control and resistance to mental fatigue compared to recreational road cyclists. METHODS: After preliminary testing and familiarization, eleven professional and nine recreational road cyclists visited the lab on two occasions to complete a modified incongruent colour-word Stroop task (a cognitive task requiring inhibitory control) for 30 min (mental exertion condition), or an easy cognitive task for 10 min (control condition) in a randomized, counterbalanced cross-over order...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294485/cold-water-immersion-for-athletic-recovery-one-size-does-not-fit-all
#8
Jessica M Stephens, Shona Halson, Joanna Miller, Gary J Slater, Christopher D Askew
The use of cold water immersion (CWI) for post-exercise recovery has become increasingly prevalent in recent years, however there is a dearth of strong scientific evidence to support the optimisation of protocols for performance benefits. While the increase in practice and popularity of CWI has led to multiple studies and reviews in the area of water immersion, this research has predominantly focused on performance outcomes associated with post-exercise CWI. Studies to date have generally shown positive results with enhanced recovery of performance...
June 13, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27281811/physical-activity-performed-in-the-evening-increases-the-overnight-muscle-protein-synthetic-response-to-presleep-protein-ingestion-in-older-men
#9
Andrew M Holwerda, Imre Wk Kouw, Jorn Trommelen, Shona L Halson, Will Kwh Wodzig, Lex B Verdijk, Luc Jc van Loon
BACKGROUND: The age-related decline in skeletal muscle mass is partly attributed to anabolic resistance to food intake. Dietary protein ingestion before sleep could be used as a nutritional strategy to compensate for anabolic resistance. OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed whether physical activity performed in the evening can augment the overnight muscle protein synthetic response to presleep protein ingestion in older men. METHODS: In a parallel group design, 23 healthy older men (mean ± SEM age: 71 ± 1 y) were randomly assigned to ingest 40 g protein intrinsically labeled with l-[1-(13)C]-phenylalanine and l-[1-(13)C]-leucine before going to sleep with (PRO+EX) or without (PRO) performing physical activity earlier in the evening...
July 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26794719/the-validity-of-activity-monitors-for-measuring-sleep-in-elite-athletes
#10
Charli Sargent, Michele Lastella, Shona L Halson, Gregory D Roach
OBJECTIVES: There is a growing interest in monitoring the sleep of elite athletes. Polysomnography is considered the gold standard for measuring sleep, however this technique is impractical if the aim is to collect data simultaneously with multiple athletes over consecutive nights. Activity monitors may be a suitable alternative for monitoring sleep, but these devices have not been validated against polysomnography in a population of elite athletes. DESIGN: Participants (n=16) were endurance-trained cyclists participating in a 6-week training camp...
October 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612841/stealing-sleep-is-sport-or-society-to-blame
#11
EDITORIAL
Shona L Halson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26275673/sleep-hygiene-and-recovery-strategies-in-elite-soccer-players
#12
REVIEW
Mathieu Nédélec, Shona Halson, Barthélémy Delecroix, Abd-Elbasset Abaidia, Said Ahmaidi, Gregory Dupont
In elite soccer, players are frequently exposed to various situations and conditions that can interfere with sleep (e.g., playing night matches interspersed with 3 days; performing activities demanding high levels of concentration close to bedtime; use of products containing caffeine or alcohol in the period preceding bedtime; regular daytime napping throughout the week; variable wake-up times or bedtime), potentially leading to sleep deprivation. We outline simple, practical, and pharmaceutical-free sleep strategies that are coordinated to the constraints of elite soccer in order to promote sleep...
November 2015: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26206724/stress-sleep-and-recovery-in-elite-soccer-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Mathieu Nédélec, Shona Halson, Abd-Elbasset Abaidia, Said Ahmaidi, Gregory Dupont
In elite soccer, players are frequently exposed to various situations and conditions that can interfere with sleep, potentially leading to sleep deprivation. This article provides a comprehensive and critical review of the current available literature regarding the potential acute and chronic stressors (i.e., psychological, sociological and physiological stressors) placed on elite soccer players that may result in compromised sleep quantity and/or quality. Sleep is an essential part of the recovery process as it provides a number of important psychological and physiological functions...
October 2015: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25790844/sleep-anxiety-and-electronic-device-use-by-athletes-in-the-training-and-competition-environments
#14
Georgia Romyn, Elisa Robey, James A Dimmock, Shona L Halson, Peter Peeling
This study subjectively assessed sleep quality and quantity, state anxiety and electronic device use during a 7-day training week (TRAIN) and a 7-day competitive tournament (COMP). Eight state-level netball players used wrist-watch actigraphy to provide indirect sleep measures of bedtime, wake time, sleep duration, sleep onset latency, sleep efficiency, wake after sleep onset and fragmentation index. State anxiety was reported using the anxiety sub-scale in the Profile of Mood States-Adolescents. Before bed duration of electronic device use and the estimated time to sleep after finishing electronic device use was also recorded...
2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25695553/when-failure-is-not-an-option-creating-excellence-in-sport-through-insights-from-special-forces
#15
EDITORIAL
Shona L Halson, Jeffery G Nichols
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25530213/confounding-compression-the-effects-of-posture-sizing-and-garment-type-on-measured-interface-pressure-in-sports-compression-clothing
#16
Ned Brophy-Williams, Matthew William Driller, Cecilia Mary Shing, James William Fell, Shona Leigh Halson, Shona Louise Halson
The purpose of this investigation was to measure the interface pressure exerted by lower body sports compression garments, in order to assess the effect of garment type, size and posture in athletes. Twelve national-level boxers were fitted with sports compression garments (tights and leggings), each in three different sizes (undersized, recommended size and oversized). Interface pressure was assessed across six landmarks on the lower limb (ranging from medial malleolus to upper thigh) as athletes assumed sitting, standing and supine postures...
2015: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25337897/bengt-saltin-a-role-model-for-more-than-a-generation-of-scientists
#17
EDITORIAL
Carl Foster, Stephen Seiler, Aaron Coutts, Shona Halson, Franco Impellizzeri, Jos de Koning, Renate M Leithäuser, Michael McGuigan, Iñigo Mujika, David Pyne, Ralph Beneke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25222347/the-impact-of-training-schedules-on-the-sleep-and-fatigue-of-elite-athletes
#18
Charli Sargent, Michele Lastella, Shona L Halson, Gregory D Roach
In any sport, successful performance requires a planned approach to training and recovery. While sleep is recognized as an essential component of this approach, the amount and quality of sleep routinely obtained by elite athletes has not been systematically evaluated. Data were collected from 70 nationally ranked athletes from seven different sports. Athletes wore wrist activity monitors and completed self-report sleep/training diaries for 2 weeks during normal training. The athletes also recorded their fatigue level prior to each training session using a 7-point scale...
December 2014: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25200666/monitoring-training-load-to-understand-fatigue-in-athletes
#19
REVIEW
Shona L Halson
Many athletes, coaches, and support staff are taking an increasingly scientific approach to both designing and monitoring training programs. Appropriate load monitoring can aid in determining whether an athlete is adapting to a training program and in minimizing the risk of developing non-functional overreaching, illness, and/or injury. In order to gain an understanding of the training load and its effect on the athlete, a number of potential markers are available for use. However, very few of these markers have strong scientific evidence supporting their use, and there is yet to be a single, definitive marker described in the literature...
November 2014: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25177205/the-effects-of-transmeridian-travel-and-altitude-on-sleep-preparation-for-football-competition
#20
Michele Lastella, Gregory D Roach, Shona L Halson, Christopher J Gore, Laura A Garvican-Lewis, Charli Sargent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
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