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Esophagus and foreign body

Chun Woo Lim, Min Hwan Park, Hyun Jeong Do, Jung-Sook Yeom, Ji Sook Park, Eun Sil Park, Ji Hyun Seo, Jung Je Park, Jae Young Lim, Chan Hoo Park, Hyang-Ok Woo, Hee-Shang Youn
PURPOSE: The management and clinical course in pediatric patients who had ingested foreign body were investigated retrospectively to evaluate the frequency and factor associated with successful removal of fishbone foreign body. METHODS: Based on the medical records of patients younger than 15 years old who visited emergency room because of foreign body ingestion from January 1999 to December 2012, the authors reviewed clinical characteristics including type of ingested foreign bodies, time to visits, managements and complications...
September 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
Ken-Ichi Mizuno, Kazuya Takahashi, Kentaro Tominaga, Yuki Nishigaki, Hiroki Sato, Satoshi Ikarashi, Kazunao Hayashi, Takashi Yamamoto, Yutaka Honda, Satoru Hashimoto, Kenya Kamimura, Manabu Takeuchi, Junji Yokoyama, Yuichi Sato, Masaaki Kobayashi, Shuji Terai
Background. Dentures and dental instruments are frequently encountered ingested foreign bodies. The aim of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of endoscopically removing ingested dental objects. Methods. Twenty-nine consecutive patients with 29 dental objects who were treated at the Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital from August 2009 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Characteristics of the patients and the ingested dental objects, the clinical features and findings of radiological imaging tests, and outcomes of endoscopic removal were analyzed...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Jaime P Rodrigues, Rolando Pinho, Joao Carvalho
A 57-year-old man with a past medical history of total laryngectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx was admitted to our institution 5 months after the procedure, for surgical resection of a local recurrence of the tumor. In the postoperative period, endoscopically guided placement of a nasogastric tube was scheduled, after previous failed attempts. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed an anastomotic dehiscence, 13 cm distal to the incisors, and a foreign body penetrating through the esophageal wall, 20cm distal to the incisors...
October 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Noah Kondamudi, Haamid Chamdawala, Iona Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Excessive or persistent crying is a common presentation to the pediatric emergency department, and often poses a diagnostic dilemma to emergency physicians. There are several reasons for excessive or persistent crying in children, ranging from benign causes like hunger, to life-threatening causes such as intussusception. CASE REPORT: We report an interesting case of a toddler whose cause of excess crying, with no detectable clinical clues, was eventually attributed to a foreign body in the esophagus...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Rachel S Kennedy, Rebecca A Starker, Kelly A Feldman, Jun Tashiro, Eduardo A Perez, Fernando G Mendoza, Juan E Sola
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In pediatric cases of ingested foreign bodies, gastrointestinal foreign bodies (GIFB) have distinct factors contributing to longer and more costly hospitalizations. METHODS: Patients admitted with ingested foreign bodies were identified in the Kids' Inpatient Database (1997-2009). RESULTS: Overall, 7480 cases were identified. Patients were most commonly <5years of age (44%), male (54%), and Caucasian (57%). A total of 2506 procedures were performed, GI surgical procedures (57%) most frequently, followed by GI endoscopy (24%), esophagoscopy (11%), and bronchoscopy - in cases of inhaled objects (9%)...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Selcuk Disibeyaz, Erkin Oztas, Ufuk B Kuzu, Mustafa Ozdemir
Most ingested foreign bodies are best treated with endoscopically. If the sharp-pointed objects embedded in the esophageal wall, it may not be able to be removed by conventional endoscopic devices and surgery is required. Herein, we described a new technique for the extraction of both ends embedded sharp-pointed objects in the esophageal wall.
October 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Il Hwan Park, Hyun Kyo Lim, Seung Woo Song, Kwang Ho Lee
Esophageal perforation is a very rare occurrence because accidental swallowing of foreign bodies is uncommon in adults. Thus, perforation due to swallowing of a foreign body and subsequent development of mediastinitis is rarely encountered by physicians. We experienced such a case and described an adult male patient who had perforated esophagus after accidentally swallowing a mussel shell. The patient visited our emergency department complaining of painful dysphagia for 4 days. A review of history revealed that he consumed a spicy seafood noodle soup containing mussel shells 4 days ago...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Andreia Albuquerque, Margarida Marques, Guilherme Macedo
A 59-year-old female was admitted due to the suspicion of food impactation after having eaten bread. An upper endoscopy revealed an indeterminate, bluish foreign body in the mid esophagus that was extracted with a forceps. After removal, it was clear that it was a puzzle piece. The patient then recalled that she had been playing with a puzzle with her granddaughter, while eating bread.
September 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Kavita Dedhia, Yue-Fang Chang, Rachel Leonardis, David H Chi
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with the passage of coins. To determine the need for repeat preoperative chest x-ray (CXR) for esophageal coin foreign body. SETTING: Academic tertiary care center. DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patient information was retrieved from an Institutional Review Board-approved database. We identified 1359 children with esophageal coin foreign bodies from 2001 to 2013...
August 30, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Christina Lamkin, Lawrence R Hamner
A patient who presented with chest pain, shortness of breath, and a purulent pericardial effusion became hemodynamically unstable after recurrent accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac despite treatment. Surgical exploration revealed an aortic ulcer created by an ingested porcupine quill that perforated the esophagus. Sharp foreign body ingestion is extremely rare but poses devastating complications, and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with otherwise unexplained chest pain...
September 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Shinya Inoue, Kenichi Hashizume, Kiyoshi Koizumi, Kentaro Hotoda, Hiroharu Shinozaki
We treated a patient in whom a permanent epicardial pacemaker lead penetrated the esophageal wall 26 years after the index pacemaker implantation. A 28-year-old man with loss of appetite and weight loss underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and was found to have a foreign body protruding into the esophagus. Computed tomography revealed an epicardial lead penetrating the esophageal wall. He had undergone pacemaker implantation with permanent epicardial leads when he was 2 years old. The lead was surgically removed...
September 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Hiroshi Sakaida, Kazuki Chiyonobu, Hajime Ishinaga, Kazuhiko Takeuchi
Foreign body ingestion is a commonly encountered clinical problem. In particular, sharp foreign bodies lodged in the esophagus or hypopharynx can cause complications and require urgent removal. Removal by flexible esophagogastroduodenoscopy or rigid esophagoscopy is the treatment of choice and has high success rates, but cases in which these methods are unsuccessful must be treated with an external incision. A 62-year-old man was referred for a fish bone lodged in the hypopharynx that could not be removed by flexible esophagogastroduodenoscopy...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Monisha Sudarshan, Malik Elharram, Jonathan Spicer, David Mulder, Lorenzo E Ferri
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of new treatment paradigms for esophageal perforation, the management of this highly morbid condition is evolving. We reviewed our experience to investigate the modern management and outcomes of esophageal perforations with a focus on operatively repaired patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of all esophageal perforations was conducted between August 2003 and January 2016. RESULTS: A total of 48 patients were identified, with iatrogenic injury in 19 (40%), spontaneous perforation in 18 (38%), and traumatic/foreign body causes in 11 (23%)...
October 2016: Surgery
Chen-Sheng Lin, Cheng-Wen Lin
A subclavian artery-esophageal fistula usually occurs on the right side of an aberrant subclavian artery. It also rarely appears in the site between a non-aberrant subclavian artery and the esophagus due to the ingestion of a foreign body. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding in the case of a subclavian artery-esophageal fistula is rare but often fatal. Here, we report on a 62-year-old male patient with a left subclavian arteryesophageal fistula complicated by hemorrhagic shock. He swallowed a foreign body at a birthday party...
June 2016: BioMedicine
Heung Up Kim
Fish bone foreign body (FFB) is the most frequent food-associated foreign body (FB) in adults, especially in Asia, versus meat in Western countries. The esophageal sphincter is the most common lodging site. Esophageal FB disease tends to occur more frequently in men than in women. The first diagnostic method is laryngoscopic examination. Because simple radiography of the neck has low sensitivity, if perforation or severe complications requiring surgery are expected, computed tomography should be used. The risk factors associated with poor prognosis are long time lapse after FB involvement, bone type, and longer FB (>3 cm)...
July 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
Hayley Paradise, Kyle G Mathews, Eli B Cohen
A 6-year-old neutered male, Golden retriever presented with regurgitation and excitement-induced coughing. Two years prior, extra-thoracic tracheal collapse was diagnosed and extra-luminal tracheal ring prostheses were placed. Radiographs at presentation showed mineralized and undulant cervical tracheal cartilages. A dorsally broad-based soft tissue opacity bulged into the caudal cervical tracheal lumen. Esophageal dysmotility and barium accumulation were identified at this level on contrast esophography. Computed tomography showed migration of a prosthetic tracheal ring, resulting in perforation of the esophagus...
July 25, 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Ayman E Eskander, Happy K Sawires, Basel A Ebeid
BACKGROUND: There was a lack of data about foreign body (FB) ingestion among Middle-East children. We conducted a retrospective analysis of FB ingestion among Egyptian children and determined the predictors that affect the occurrence of complications. METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out on 1546 patients' ≤ 13 years old, presented with FB ingestion and were in need of endoscopic removal of FB. RESULTS: There were 711 males (46%) and 835 females (54%) (mean age 4...
July 21, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Kenneth N Hiller, Carin A Hagberg
Initial management of ingested esophageal foreign bodies involves airway assessment, determination of the requirement for and timing of therapeutic intervention, risk mitigation during removal, and identification of all indicated equipment for retrieval. Long, sharp-pointed objects lodged in the esophagus require emergent attention and should be retrieved endoscopically, if perforation has not occurred. Inducing general anesthesia and rapidly securing the airway can minimize the risk of aspiration, mitigate any effects of tracheal compression, avoid the potential of exacerbating existing trauma, and provide optimal conditions for removal of long, sharp-pointed esophageal foreign bodies...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Aurora Burgos, Luis Rábago, Paloma Triana
The best modality for foreign body removal has been the subject of much controversy over the years. We have read with great interest the recent article by Souza Aguiar Municipal Hospital, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, describing their experience with the management of esophageal foreign bodies in children. Non-endoscopic methods of removing foreign bodies (such as a Foley catheter guided or not by fluoroscopy) have been successfully used at this center. These methods could be an attractive option because of the following advantages: Shorter hospitalization time; easy to perform; no need for anesthesia; avoids esophagoscopy; and lower costs...
May 10, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Patrick Heger, Tim F Weber, Johannes Rehm, Anita Pathil, Frank Decker, Peter Schemmer
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal foreign bodies are an important and serious cause of morbidity and mortality in both children and adults. Due to the possibility of serious complications, i.e. perforation, necrosis, mediastinitis, and fistulation, rapid and accurate diagnostic measures with subsequent therapy are necessary. CASE REPORT: We are reporting a case of a 55-year-old, mentally impaired patient that has swallowed a foreign body, which subsequently became lodged in his esophagus...
May 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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