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subjective global assessment in oncology patient

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019951/chemotherapy-related-toxicity-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-precachectic-oncologic-patients-with-or-without-high-protein-nutritional-support-a-prospective-randomized-study
#1
Monika Ziętarska, Joanna Krawczyk-Lipiec, Leszek Kraj, Renata Zaucha, Sylwia Małgorzewicz
BACKGROUND: Cancer disease is usually associated with impaired nutritional status, which is one of the factors contributing to deterioration of the results of surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to determine whether nutritional support with high protein (ONS) in adult oncologic patients in the first step of cancer cachexia-asymptomatic precachexia, has an influence on the toxicity of systemic therapy. However, secondary endpoints were established: to determine whether high protein ONS influences the nutritional status, the quality of life, and the performance status...
October 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017827/subjective-global-assessment-sga-score-could-be-a-predictive-factor-for-radiation-pneumonitis-in-lung-cancer-patients-with-normal-pulmonary-function-treated-by-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-and-concurrent-chemotherapy
#2
Li Ma, WenFeng Ye, QiWen Li, Bin Wang, GuangYu Luo, ZhaoLin Chen, SuPing Guo, Bo Qiu, Hui Liu
INTRODUCTION: To investigate the relationship between malnutrition and the severity of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients with lung cancer with normal baseline pulmonary function and lungs' V20 < 35% treated by intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and concurrent chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 patients with lung cancer who received definitive IMRT (≥ 60 Gy) and concurrent chemotherapy were enrolled. In the condition of normal baseline pulmonary function and strict constraints of the irradiation dose to normal lung tissues, we recorded Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group score; concurrent chemotherapy; clinical stage; the level of albumin (ALB), hemoglobin, and C-reactive protein; Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) scores; radiation esophagitis grade; V20 of lungs; and mean lung dose...
September 19, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745676/-anxiety-in-women-undergoing-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#3
G Ch Geraybeyli, G F Mamedzade, N V Gasimov, T S Guliyeva, K Munir
AIM: To assess anxiety level and factors contributing to its development in patients undergoing surgical treatment for breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The subjects of the study were 72 women, aged 20-80 years, with the diagnosis of primary breast cancer. The Basic Psycho-Oncological Documentation Scale (PO-BADO), the European Organization for Research, and the Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire and its Breast Cancer Module (EORTC QLQ-C30; BR-23), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were used...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693149/comparison-of-different-methods-for-nutrition-assessment-in-patients-with-tumors
#4
Hongzhen Du, Bingbing Liu, Ying Xie, Jinli Liu, Yujia Wei, Huanyu Hu, Bin Luo, Zengning Li
Nutrition screening to identify patients at risk of malnutrition is vital for cancer patients because of the high prevalence of malnutrition in this population. The aim of the present study was to compare different methods of nutrition assessment in patients with tumors. From June 2013 to June 2014, we conducted an observational multicenter study to compare the assessment of nutritional status in patients with tumors by anthropometry, biochemical indicators, nutritional risk screening (NRS-2002) and patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA)...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688694/nutritional-changes-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer-during-treatment
#5
L Arribas, L Hurtós, M Taberna, I Peiró, E Vilajosana, A Lozano, S Vazquez, R Mesia, N Virgili
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to evaluate changes in body composition and nutritional status that occur throughout the oncological treatment in head and neck cancer patients. METHODS: A prospective cohort observational study in patients diagnosed with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) that underwent treatment with induction chemotherapy (iCT) followed by chemoradiotherapy or bioradiotherapy were invited to participate. All patients had dietetic counseling from the diagnosis and a close monitoring throughout the treatment implementing nutritional support as needed...
August 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593776/-ultrasound-staging-of-stage-i-ii-endometrial-cancer-analysis-of-own-file-in-the-years-2012-2016
#6
O Míka, J Kožnarová, P Sak
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the presented study was to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasound staging of early stage endometrial cancer depending on grading, evaluation of ultrasound examination accuracy growing overtime with gained experience of examiners and comparison of subjective versus objective modalities of deep myometrial invasion assessment in the file of patients who were referred in The Oncogyneacologic Center, Department of Gyneacology and Obstetrics in České Budějovice. DESIGN: Retrospective study...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535359/association-between-nutrition-status-and-survival-in-elderly-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#7
Katia Barao, Mariana Abe Vicente Cavagnari, Patricia Silva Fucuta, Nora Manoukian Forones
BACKGROUND: Aging patients with cancer have a higher risk of mortality and treatment-associated morbidity than younger patients. Nutrition status may play an important role in cancer mortality. We aimed to evaluate the survival time of elderly patients with colorectal cancer and its association with body mass index (BMI), the patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), and phase angle (PA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: BMI, PG-SGA, and PA were determined for all patients (n = 250) at first assessment...
October 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303380/nutritional-and-functional-factors-as-prognostic-of-surgical-cancer-patients
#8
Jéssica Härter, Silvana Paiva Orlandi, Maria Cristina Gonzalez
PURPOSE: We evaluated phase angle, sarcopenia, and handgrip strength as prognostic factors of postoperative morbimortality in patients with cancer. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a prospective study with 60 oncology patients admitted for elective surgery between November 2015 and May 2016. We calculated the standardized phase angle (SPA) and the skeletal mass index of the subjects based on their bioelectrical impedance tests. Handgrip strength (HGS) was measured using a hydraulic dynamometer...
August 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149567/minimalist-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-biopsy-of-mediastinal-tumors
#9
Federico Tacconi, Paola Rogliani, Benedetto Cristino, Francesco Gilardi, Leonardo Palombi, Eugenio Pompeo
BACKGROUND: Mediastinal tumors often require surgical biopsy to achieve a precise and rapid diagnosis. However, subjects with mediastinal tumors may be unfit for general anesthesia, particularly when compression of major vessels or airways does occur. We tested the applicability in this setting of a minimalist (M) uniportal, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) strategy carried out under locoregional anesthesia in awake patients (MVATS). METHODS: We analyzed in a comparative fashion including propensity score matching, data from a prospectively collected database of patients who were offered surgical biopsy for mediastinal tumors through either MVATS or standard VATS...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049261/nutrition-assessment-and-its-relationship-with-performance-and-glasgow-prognostic-scores-in-vietnamese-patients-with-esophageal-cancer
#10
Tran Chau Quyen, Jongjit Angkatavanich, Tran Van Thuan, Vo Van Xuan, Le Danh Tuyen, Do Anh Tu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the nutritional status of patients with esophageal cancer, and to investigate its relationship with performance status and prognosis. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This clinical, cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2014 to February 2015 at National Cancer Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam. Stage III/IV esophageal cancer patients were assessed for their nutritional status (patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) and SGA scores, BMI, mid-arm circumference (MAC), energy and protein intakes, weight changes, Karnofsky and Eastern cooperative oncology group performance scores (KPS/ECOG), and Glasgow prognostic score (GPS)...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751743/nutriscore-a-new-nutritional-screening-tool-for-oncological-outpatients
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Lorena Arribas, Laura Hurtós, Maria José Sendrós, Inmaculada Peiró, Neus Salleras, Eduard Fort, Jose Manuel Sánchez-Migallón
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to design a new nutritional screening tool (NUTRISCORE) to detect nutritional risk in outpatients with cancer. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted. We randomly selected outpatients receiving onco-specific, palliative, or symptomatic treatment for malignant neoplasms (including solid tumors and hematologic malignancies). These patients were assessed using the NUTRISCORE tool, the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), and the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) to detect risk for malnutrition...
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487607/body-mass-index-is-a-poor-predictor-of-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-patients
#12
F Baccaro, A Sanchez
OBJECTIVE: Comparison between Subjective Global Assessment and Body Mass Index to determine the nutritional status in patients admitted in an Internal Medicine Service. METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal, observational study of a population of 152 patients, using the Subjective Global Assessment and Body Mass Index. Plasma levels of albumin, functional capacity weight and income conditions were determined. Statistics: methods of chi-square test for univariate analysis, non-parametric tests and logistic regression were used...
October 2015: Nigerian Journal of Medicine: Journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27362999/chemotherapy-dose-intensity-predicted-by-baseline-nutrition-assessment-in-gastrointestinal-malignancies-a-multicentre-analysis
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Kelsey A Klute, Julianna Brouwer, Minaxi Jhawer, Hayley Sachs, Anatasia Gangadin, Allyson Ocean, Elizabeta Popa, Tong Dai, Guojiao Wu, Paul Christos, Manish A Shah
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is prevalent in cancer patients and is associated with inferior outcomes. We examined the association between malnutrition, as measured by the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), and chemotherapy dose reduction in patients with gastrointestinal malignancies. We hypothesised that malnutrition, defined by a patient's baseline SGA, would be associated with a greater degree of chemotherapy dose-reduction, with the implication of greater chemotherapy related toxicity...
August 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27277044/semiautomated-segmentation-of-head-and-neck-cancers-in-18f-fdg-pet-scans-a-just-enough-interaction-approach
#14
Reinhard R Beichel, Markus Van Tol, Ethan J Ulrich, Christian Bauer, Tangel Chang, Kristin A Plichta, Brian J Smith, John J Sunderland, Michael M Graham, Milan Sonka, John M Buatti
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to develop, validate, and compare a highly computer-aided method for the segmentation of hot lesions in head and neck 18F-FDG PET scans. METHODS: A semiautomated segmentation method was developed, which transforms the segmentation problem into a graph-based optimization problem. For this purpose, a graph structure around a user-provided approximate lesion centerpoint is constructed and a suitable cost function is derived based on local image statistics...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27116013/photobiomodulation-for-the-management-of-radiation-dermatitis-the-dermis-trial-a-pilot-study-of-mls-%C3%A2-laser-therapy-in-breast-cancer-patients
#15
Sandrine Censabella, Stefan Claes, Jolien Robijns, Paul Bulens, Jeroen Mebis
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and acceptability of photobiomodulation using MLS(®) laser therapy (LT) in the management of acute radiation dermatitis (RD). METHODS: We compared two successive groups of breast cancer patients undergoing identical radiotherapy regimens post-lumpectomy. Both groups received our standard skin care but the second group received six additional LT sessions (beam area 19.635 cm(2), 0.168 W/cm(2), 4 J/cm(2)), starting at fraction 20 of radiotherapy (control and LT group, N = 41 and 38, respectively)...
September 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27095352/patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-short-form-pg-sga-sf-is-a-valid-screening-tool-in-chemotherapy-outpatients
#16
Jessica Abbott, L Teleni, D McKavanagh, J Watson, A L McCarthy, E Isenring
PURPOSE: In the oncology population where malnutrition prevalence is high, more descriptive screening tools can provide further information to assist triaging and capture acute change. The Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment Short Form (PG-SGA SF) is a component of a nutritional assessment tool which could be used for descriptive nutrition screening. The purpose of this study was to conduct a secondary analysis of nutrition screening and assessment data to identify the most relevant information contributing to the PG-SGA SF to identify malnutrition risk with high sensitivity and specificity...
September 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26945569/subjective-taste-and-smell-changes-in-treatment-naive-people-with-solid-tumours
#17
L Spotten, C Corish, C Lorton, P Ui Dhuibhir, N O'Donoghue, B O'Connor, M Cunningham, N El Beltagi, C Gillham, D Walsh
PURPOSE: Taste and smell changes (TSCs) are common in head and neck (H&N) cancer and during and after chemotherapy (CT) and radiotherapy (RT). It is an area that has been under-investigated, particularly in the treatment-naive, but can negatively impact nutritional status. This study examined the prevalence, severity and characteristics of TSCs in people with non-H&N solid tumours, before CT and RT, and their relationship with co-occurring symptoms. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was conducted...
July 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26745056/evaluation-of-nutritional-status-of-cancer-patients-during-treatment-by-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-a-hospital-based-study
#18
Dibyendu Sharma, Ravi Kannan, Ritesh Tapkire, Soumitra Nath
Cancer patients frequently experience malnutrition. Cancer and cancer therapy effects nutritional status through alterations in the metabolic system and reduction in food intake. In the present study, fifty seven cancer patients were selected as subjects from the oncology ward of Cachar Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Silchar, India. Evaluation of nutritional status of cancer patients during treatment was carried out by scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). The findings of PG-SGA showed that 15...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26715429/academic-leagues-a-brazilian-way-to-teach-about-cancer-in-medical-universities
#19
Diogo Antonio Valente Ferreira, Renata Nunes Aranha, Maria Helena Faria Ornellas de Souza
BACKGROUND: Performance of qualified professionals committed to cancer care on a global scale is critical. Nevertheless there is a deficit in Cancer Education in Brazilian medical schools (MS). Projects called Academic Leagues (AL) have been gaining attention. However, there are few studies on this subject. AL arise from student initiative, arranged into different areas, on focus in general knowledge, universal to any medical field. They are not obligatory and students are responsible for the organizing and planning processes of AL, so participation highlights the motivation to active pursuit of knowledge...
2015: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26563776/assessing-the-feasibility-of-a-mobile-health-supported-clinical-decision-support-system-for-nutritional-triage-in-oncology-outpatients-using-arden-syntax
#20
Jeroen S de Bruin, Christian Schuh, Walter Seeling, Eva Luger, Michaela Gall, Elisabeth Hütterer, Gabriela Kornek, Bernhard Ludvik, Friedrich Hoppichler, Karin Schindler
BACKGROUND: Nutritional screening procedures followed by regular nutrition monitoring for oncological outpatients are no standard practice in many European hospital wards and outpatient settings. As a result, early signs of malnutrition are missed and nutritional treatment is initiated when patients have already experienced severe weight loss. OBJECTIVE: We report on a novel clinical decision support system (CDSS) for the global assessment and nutritional triage of the nutritional condition of oncology outpatients...
October 22, 2015: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
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