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Surgical skin closure

Or Friedman, Ehud Arad, Oded Ben Amotz
In the pursuit of success in sports, some athletes are not deterred by health risks associated with the (mis)use of black market preparations of dubious origin as performance-enhancing agents. Several studies published in the recent years demonstrated that anabolic-androgenic steroids, but also stimulants and growth hormones, are misused by numerous recreational athletes from all over the world. Trenbolone is an anabolic steroid routinely used in the finishing phase of beef production to improve animal performance and feed efficiency...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Mona Taleb, Lydia Choi, Steve Kim
BACKGROUND: After wide local excision of cutaneous melanoma, large defects not amenable to simple primary closure are often covered with skin grafts. We report our experience using the rhomboid and keystone flaps to immediately close large axial and extremity wounds after potentially curative surgery for non-head and neck melanomas. METHODS: Between January 2011 and September 2016, demographic, operative, pathologic, and outcome data were prospectively collected on 60 patients who underwent wide local excision of melanoma followed by immediate flap reconstruction...
October 19, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Steven F Shannon, Matthew T Houdek, Cody C Wyles, Brandon J Yuan, William W Cross, Joseph R Cass, Stephen A Sems
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate which primary wound closure technique for ankle fractures affords the most robust perfusion as measured by laser-assisted indocyanine green angiography (LA-ICGA): Allgöwer-Donati or vertical mattress. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized. SETTING: Level 1 Academic Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Thirty patients undergoing open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) for ankle fractures were prospectively randomized to Allgöwer-Donati (n=15) or vertical mattress (n=15) closure...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
María-Luisa Martínez, Eduardo Escario, Enrique Poblet, David Sánchez, Fernando-Francisco Buchón, Ander Izeta, Francisco Jimenez
BACKGROUND: A prominent role of hair follicle-derived cells in epidermal wound closure is now well established but clinical translation of basic research findings is scarce. Although skin punch grafts have been used as a therapeutic intervention to improve healing of chronic leg ulcers, they are normally harvested from nonhairy areas, thus not taking advantage of the reported role of the hair follicle as a wound-healing promoter. OBJECTIVE: We sought to substantiate the role of hair follicles in venous leg ulcer healing by transplanting hair follicle-containing versus nonhairy punch grafts...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Jonathan H Huang, Matt Broggi, Adeboye O Osunkoya, Viraj A Master
Primary scrotal cancer is a rare urologic malignancy with various histologic subtypes. Management and outcomes are not designed optimally. Surgical excision is the recommended treatment for localized scrotal cancer, with assessment of the margins for disease. Closure of the defect can be performed with primary closure, skin grafts, flaps, or by secondary intention. Analysis of outcomes suggests that high-risk scrotal cancer may have a worse prognosis compared with penile cancer, and low-risk scrotal cancer may have a comparable prognosis...
November 2016: Urologic Clinics of North America
Moti Harats, Amnon Lam, Michael Maller, Rachel Kornhaber, Josef Haik
BACKGROUND: Cold plasma skin welding is a novel technology that bonds skin edges through soldering without the use of synthetic materials or conventional wound approximation methods such as sutures, staples, or skin adhesives. The cold plasma welding system uses a biological solder applied to the edges of a skin incision, followed by the application of cold plasma energy. The objectives of this study were to assess the feasibility of a cold plasma welding system in approximating and fixating skin incisions compared with conventional methods and to evaluate and define optimal plasma welding parameters and histopathological tissue response in a porcine model...
September 29, 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Kazuhiro Imamura, Kensuke Adachi, Ritsuko Sasaki, Satoko Monma, Sadaaki Shioiri, Yasuji Seyama, Masaru Miura, Yoshihiko Morikawa, Tetsuji Kaneko
BACKGROUND: The incisional surgical site infection (SSI) is an extremely common complication following open abdominal surgery and imposes a considerable treatment and cost burden. METHOD: We conducted a multicenter open-label randomized controlled trial at three Tokyo Metropolitan medical institutions. We enrolled adult patients who underwent either an elective or an emergency open laparotomy. Eligible patients were allocated preoperatively to undergo wound closure with either subcuticular sutures or staples...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Dominik Duscher, Michael S Pollhammer, Raphael Wenny, Andreas Shamiyeh, Manfred Schmidt, Georg M Huemer
INTRODUCTION: Surgical wound closure is often complicated by suture-related issues. The recent introduction of knotless barbed sutures may address the shortcomings of conventional sutures and offer the additional benefit of reduced operating time. In this paper, we describe our experience with barbed sutures for body-contouring procedures. We share technical insights and evaluate postoperative complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective assessment of prospectively collected data over a period of more than 5 years was undertaken...
October 3, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Fabian Medved, Robert Haas, Cedric Bösch, Roderick F Pronk, Till Fischborn, Hans-Eberhard Schaller, Laurenz Weitgasser
PURPOSE: Rodent in vivo models that successfully generate new adipose, muscle, or vascular tissue in a tissue-engineering chamber (TEC) has advanced in the last decade. In this article, technical refinements in these operative foreign body implantations have been described to improve the execution of animal models in a way so that they can reduce wastage of time and resources. MATERIALS & METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were studied and randomly divided into two equal sized groups...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Owen T Skinner, Laura C Cuddy, James G Coisman, Jennifer L Covey, Gary W Ellison
Perineal wounds in dogs present a challenge due to limited local availability of skin for closure and constant exposure to fecal contaminants. This report describes temporary rectal stenting in two dogs following severe perineal wounds. Dog 1 presented with a 4 × 4 cm full-thickness perineal slough secondary to multiple rectal perforations. A 12 mm internal diameter endotracheal tube was placed per-rectum as a temporary stent to minimize fecal contamination. The stent was removed 18 days after placement, and the perineal wound had healed at 32 days post-stent placement, when a minor rectal stricture associated with mild, intermittent tenesmus was detected...
September 29, 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
R L Lassiter, E L Simmerman, J Sol Oh, C J Mentzer, N E Burkart, S B Holsten
OBJECTIVE: Necrotising soft tissue infection is a rare surgical emergency, which requires immediate and aggressive surgical debridement. Following control of the infection, patients are often left with large defects, with wound reconstruction and closure creating significant challenges. Here we describe a case of extensive thoracoabdominal necrotising soft tissue infection and provide a discussion on the standard of care and treatment based on a current literature review. METHOD: A 53-year-old female presented with bilious and feculent discharge from her surgical incision two weeks after a total abdominal hysterectomy...
October 2016: Journal of Wound Care
Conrad Harrison, Cian Wade, Sinclair Gore
A best evidence topic was written according to the structured protocol. The three part question addressed was: [In patients undergoing closure of surgical wounds with sutures] does [keeping the wound dry for the first 48 h after closure] [reduce the incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs)]? 4 relevant papers were culled from the literature and appraised. The authors, date, country, population, study type, main outcomes, key results and study weaknesses were tabulated. Current NICE guidelines recommend cleaning surgical wounds with sterile saline only for the first 48 h following skin closure...
November 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
L Zikmund
AIM: In the contemporary medicine, strong emphasis is put on early closing of body surface defects, which contributes to good and early healing, but, of course, closes the entrance gate for possible infection as well. The easiest closing of the defect is the direct suture of the emerged wound. But some defects are of such an extent, so their closure is necessary to handle other way than simple suture, e.g. by rotating flap plastic surgery. In the paper are evaluated results of flap surgery technique in 56 patients...
2016: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
Sneha A Patel, Jackeline Iacovella, Rhonda S Cornell
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Corynebacterium striatum (C. striatum) is known to colonize the skin and mucous membranes of most normal human hosts. While it is frequently isolated in clinical laboratories, the clinical significance of C. striatum is often unknown with respect to diabetic foot infections with osteomyelitis. There have been very few studies published on this topic, and even fewer that report on treatment courses. To our knowledge, there has been no study published reporting diabetic foot osteomyelitis with isolation of C...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Ewa Sztuczka, Marek Jackowski, Wioletta Żukowska
UNLABELLED: Wound healing is a complex and time-phased process. The occurrence of numerous negative conditions as well as external factors have a significant influence on the risk of potential complications. Preparing the patient for surgery, attention should be paid to a number of factors determining the proper healing process. The aim of the study was to compare the results of the early period of surgical wound healing process with access via laparotomy using techniques, which are self-adaptive sutures and mechanical staplers used for skin closure...
September 1, 2016: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Yutaro Yamashita, Hiroaki Nagae, Ichiro Hashimoto
Pilonidal sinus is a cystic disease that occurs most often in the sacrococcygeal region. Surgical excision and coverage with a skin flap require postoperative bed rest. Most affected patients are young adults who find it difficult to obtain adequate postoperative bed rest owing to their work. The purpose of this study is to review the effectiveness of our ambulatory surgery procedure for pilonidal sinus, which involves tract excision and open treatment followed by at-home irrigation. We reviewed the 9 cases of chronic pilonidal sinus treated at our out-patient clinic by ambulatory surgery consisting of open excision without skin closure...
2016: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
Masahide Gondo, Hajime Matsumura, Katsueki Watanabe
BACKGROUND: The presence of cortical bone, tendon that has been exposed by defects, may result in infection or osteomyelitis. In such cases, perifascial areolar tissue grafting (PATG) may be performed as a minimally invasive surgical procedure. However, perifascial areolar tissue (PAT) is located deep in the subcutaneous layer. It was considered that grafting of the superficial vascular network might enable less invasive surgery. This study reports use of subdermal areolar tissue (SAT) and superficial fascia (SF) to close avascular areas...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Connie Harris, R Gary Sibbald, Asfandyar Mufti, Ranjani Somayaji
PURPOSE: To present a 10-step approach to the assessment and treatment of pilonidal sinus disease (PSD) and related wounds based on the Harris protocol, expert opinion, and a current literature review. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. OBJECTIVES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to: ABSTRACT: Pilonidal sinus disease (PSD) is a common problem in young adults and particularly in males with a deep natal or intergluteal cleft and coarse body hair...
October 2016: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
Tabitha L Schrufer-Poland, Maria P Ruiz, Samuel Kassar, Christopher Tomassian, Stacey D Algren, John D Yeast
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a significant difference in composite wound complications among traditional closure techniques versus absorbable subcuticular staple closure. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a retrospective cohort study of cesarean sections performed from January through September of 2014. Composite wound complications included surgical site infection, separation, and fluid collection. Medical records were reviewed and data including the patient demographics, comorbidities, closure type and wound complications were recorded...
August 3, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Hazem Elmoghazy, Mohamed M Hussein, Elnisr Mohamed, Abdelbasset Badawy, Gamal Alsagheer, Ahmed Mamdouh Abd Elhamed
BACKGROUND: Several techniques have been used to repair mid-penile hypospadias; however, high failure rates and major complications have been reported. In this study, we describe a novel technique using a well-vascularized flap of the inner and outer preputial skin. METHODS: A total of 110 male children with hypospadias underwent repair by our technique between 2008 and 2015. The inclusion criteria were children with mid-penile or slightly more proximal hypospadias, with or without ventral chordae, and an intact prepuce of the cobra eyes variety...
September 13, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
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