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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050433/effect-of-the-addition-of-glycosaminoglycans-on-bone-and-cartilaginous-development-of-broiler-chickens
#1
Sarah Sgavioli, Elaine T Santos, Liliana L Borges, Giuliana M Andrade-Garcia, Diana M C Castiblanco, Vitor R Almeida, Rodrigo G Garcia, Antônio C Shimano, Irenilza A Nääs, Silvana M Baraldi-Artoni
Locomotion issues in broiler production may decrease performance (carcass yield and traits) and lead to high financial losses. This study evaluates the addition of glucosaminoglycans in broiler diets to minimize the lack of proper bone development and joint weakening. The experiment was conducted using 2,160 broilers randomly distributed in a factorial pattern (3 × 3) using 3 levels of glucosamine sulfate (0, 0.12, and 0.24%) and 3 levels of chondroitin sulfate addition (0, 0.08, and 0.16%). Eight repetitions were used for each treatment, distributed in 72 pens with 30 broilers each...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050426/influence-of-hot-exposure-on-12-week-old-turkey-hen-physiology-welfare-and-meat-quality-and-16-week-old-turkey-tom-core-body-temperature-when-crated-at-transport-density
#2
C J Vermette, Z A Henrikson, K V Schwean-Lardner, T G Crowe
The influence of hot conditions on 12-week-old turkey hens and 16-week-old toms while crated at transport density was evaluated. Forty-eight hens and 48 toms (8 birds per flock × 3 flocks × 2 humidity levels) were used in neutral treatments (trt; 20°C), and 16 hens and 16 toms (8 birds per flock × 1 flock × 2 humidity levels) were used in the hot trt (35°C). Birds were placed in crates at a transport stocking density of approximately 83 kg/m2, then inside a pre-conditioned chamber for 8 hours. Live shrink, core body temperature (CBT), heterophil/lymphocyte (H/L) ratio, and breast and thigh pH and color were recorded...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050425/sodium-butyrate-improved-performance-while-modulating-the-cecal-microbiota-and-regulating-the-expression-of-intestinal-immune-related-genes-of-broiler-chickens
#3
C Bortoluzzi, A A Pedroso, J J Mallo, M Puyalto, W K Kim, T J Applegate
This study evaluated the effect of sodium butyrate (SB) on performance, expression of immune-related genes in the cecal tonsils, and cecal microbiota of broiler chickens when dietary energy and amino acids concentrations were reduced. Day-old male Ross 708 broiler chicks were fed dietary treatments in a 3 × 2 factorial design (8 pens per treatment) with 3 dietary formulations (control diet; reduction of 2.3% of amino acids and 60 kcal/kg; and reduction of 4.6% of amino acids and 120 kcal/kg) with or without the inclusion of 0...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050410/effect-of-feeding-soybean-meal-and-differently-processed-peas-on-intestinal-morphology-and-functional-glucose-transport-in-the-small-intestine-of-broilers
#4
I Röhe, F Goodarzi Boroojeni, J Zentek
Peas are locally grown legumes being rich in protein and starch. However, the broad usage of peas as a feed component in poultry nutrition is limited to anti-nutritional factors, which might impair gut morphology and function. This study investigated the effect of feeding raw or differently processed peas compared with feeding a soybean meal-based control diet (C) on intestinal morphology and nutrient transport in broilers. A total of 360 day-old broiler chicks were fed with one of the following diets: The C diet, and 3 diets containing raw peas (RP), fermented peas (FP) and enzymatically pre-digested peas (EP), each supplying 30% of dietary crude protein...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050409/the-effect-of-space-allowance-and-cage-size-on-laying-hens-housed-in-furnished-cages-part-ii-behavior-at-the-feeder
#5
T M Widowski, L J Caston, T M Casey-Trott, M E Hunniford
Standards for feeder (a.k.a. feed trough) space allowance (SA) are based primarily on studies in conventional cages where laying hens tend to eat simultaneously, limiting feeder space. Large furnished cages (FC) offer more total space and opportunities to perform a greater variety of behaviors, which may affect feeding behavior and feeder space requirements. Our objective was to determine the effects of floor/feeder SA on behavior at the feeder. LSL-Lite hens were housed in FC equipped with a nest, perches, and a scratch mat...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050408/effect-of-space-allowance-and-cage-size-on-laying-hens-housed-in-furnished-cages-part-i-performance-and-well-being
#6
T M Widowski, L J Caston, M E Hunniford, L Cooley, S Torrey
There are few published data on the effects of housing laying hens at different densities in large furnished cages (FC; a.k.a. enriched colony cages). The objective of this study was to determine the effects of housing laying hens at 2 space allowances (SA) in 2 sizes of FC on measures of production and well-being. At 18 wk of age, 1,218 LSL-Lite hens were housed in cages furnished with a curtained nesting area, perches, and scratch mat, and stocked at either 520 cm2 (Low) or 748 cm2 (High) total floor space...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050405/comparative-effects-of-in-ovo-versus-subcutaneous-administration-of-the-marek-s-disease-vaccine-and-pre-placement-holding-time-on-the-processing-yield-of-ross-708-broilers
#7
E D Peebles, T M Barbosa, T S Cummings, J Dickson, S K Womack, P D Gerard
Effects of the in ovo (i.o.) or subcutaneous (s.c.) method of administration (moa) of the Marek's disease (MD) vaccine and 4 or 18 h pre-placement holding time (pht) on the processing yield of male broilers through 49 d of age (doa) were investigated. Ross 708 broiler hatching eggs (3,900) were either i.o.-vaccinated at 18 d of incubation or chicks from eggs that were not i.o.-vaccinated were s.c.-vaccinated at hatch. The i.o. injections (50 μL) were delivered by a commercial multi-egg injector and s.c. injections (200 μL) were delivered by an automatic pneumatic s...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050345/differential-diagnosis-of-hemangiomas-from-spinal-osteolytic-metastases-using-3-0-t-mri-comparison-of-t1-weighted-imaging-chemical-shift-imaging-diffusion-weighted-and-contrast-enhanced-imaging
#8
Yan-Jie Shi, Xiao-Ting Li, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Yu-Liang Liu, Lei Tang, Ying-Shi Sun
The retrospective study investigated accuracy of quantitative evaluation of T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) with and without fat suppression (FS), chemical-shift, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and enhanced imaging at 3.0 T MRI for distinguishing spinal hemangiomas from metastases. 27 patients with 33 spinal hemangiomas (15 atypical hemangiomas) and 26 patients with 71 metastases were recruited. T1WI, FS T1WI, in- and out-phase, DWI and enhanced T1WI were acquired. Signal intensities (SIs) of lesions were obtained...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050330/mir-196a2-and-lung-cancer-in-chinese-non-smoking-females-a-genetic-association-study-and-expression-analysis
#9
Zhihua Yin, Zhigang Cui, Yangwu Ren, Lingzi Xia, Hang Li, Baosen Zhou
BACKGROUND: The common polymorphism rs11614913 in miR-196a2 might be associated with lung cancer risk for non-smoking females in northeast China. METHODS: The genotypes of rs11614913 in miR-196a2 were determined by a case-control study including 1003 patients with lung cancer and 1003 healthy controls. The tissues were detected to assess the miRNA expression. Secondary structures of miR-196a2 were predicted. RESULTS: There was a significant association between miR-196a2 rs11614913 and lung cancer risk in Chinese non-smoking females...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050321/interaction-among-cyp2c8-gpiiia-and-p2y12-variants-increase-susceptibility-to-ischemic-stroke-in-chinese-population
#10
Xingyang Yi, Jing Lin, Yanfen Wang, Ju Zhou, Qiang Zhou
PURPOSE: Genetic variants in cytochrome P450 (CYP), platelet membrane receptor (P2Y12, P2Y1), and glycoprotein IIIa (GPIIIa) genes are associated with the efficacy of clopidogrel and adverse clinical events on ischemic stroke (IS) patients. However, few studies have assessed whether gene-gene interactions among these genes influence the risk of IS. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of fifteen variants with IS and to determine whether these gene-gene interactions increase the risk of IS...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050296/reverse-phase-protein-array-identification-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-subtypes-and-comparison-with-mrna-molecular-subtypes
#11
Hiroko Masuda, Yuan Qi, Shuying Liu, Naoki Hayashi, Takahiro Kogawa, Gabriel N Hortobagyi, Debu Tripathy, Naoto T Ueno
BACKGROUND: Reverse phase protein array (RPPA) analysis, allows investigation of potential targets at the functional protein level,. We identified TNBC subtypes at the protein level using RPPA and compared them with mRNA molecular subtypes (TNBCtype, TNBCtype-4, and PAM50) that is unique in its availability of both RPPA and mRNA analyses. METHODS: We classified the samples from 80 TNBC patients using both k-means and hierarchical consensus clustering analysis and performed Ingenuity Pathway Analysis...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050294/the-density-of-mast-cells-c-kit-and-tryptase-correlates-with-each-other-and-with-angiogenesis-in-pancreatic-cancer-patients
#12
Michele Ammendola, Cosmo Damiano Gadaleta, Adam Enver Frampton, Tullio Piardi, Riccardo Memeo, Valeria Zuccalà, Maria Luposella, Rosa Patruno, Nicola Zizzo, Pietro Gadaleta, Patrick Pessaux, Rosario Sacco, Giuseppe Sammarco, Girolamo Ranieri
Literature data suggest that inflammatory cells such as mast cells (MCs) are involved in angiogenesis. MCs can stimulate angiogenesis by releasing of well identified pro-angiogenic cytokines stored in their cytoplasm. In particular, MCs can release tryptase, a potent in vivo and in vitro pro-angiogenic factor. Nevertheless, few data are available concerning the role of MCs positive to tryptase in primary pancreatic cancer angiogenesis. This study analyzed the correlation between mast cells positive to c-Kit receptor (c-Kit(+) MCs), the density of MCs expressing tryptase (MCD-T) and microvascular density (MVD) in primary tumor tissue from patients affected by pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050287/association-between-the-mvk-and-mmab-polymorphisms-and-serum-lipid-levels
#13
Liu Miao, Rui-Xing Yin, Shang-Ling Pan, Shuo Yang, De-Zhai Yang, Wei-Xiong Lin
Maonan ethnic group is a relatively conservative and isolated minority in China. Little is known about the association of the mevalonate kinase (MVK), methylmalonic aciduria (cobalamin deficiency) cblB type (MMAB) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and serum lipid levels. This study aimed to determine the association between four SNPs in the MVK/MMAB and serum lipid levels. Genotyping of the rs3759387, rs877710, rs7134594 and rs9593 SNPs was performed in 1264 Maonan subjects and 1251 Han participants. Allele and genotype frequencies of the selected SNPs were different between the two populations (P < 0...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050285/high-dose-atorvastatin-reduces-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#14
Changqing Lu, Helei Jia, Zhentao Wang
We systematically searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and China National Knowledge Infrastructure from the inception to March 31, 2017, identified relevant trials about efficacy of high-does Atorvastatin for patients with percutaneous coronary intervention. Twelve studies with the number of 2801 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Compared with control group, high-does Atorvastatin significantly reduced the risk of myocardial infarction in patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (Relative risk =0...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050281/il-23r-and-il-17a-polymorphisms-correlate-with-susceptibility-of-ankylosing-spondylitis-in-a-southwest-chinese-population
#15
Bin Yang, Yuanwei Xu, Xinle Liu, Zhuochun Huang, Lanlan Wang
The association between the IL-23R and IL-17A polymorphisms and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in the Southwest Chinese Population is still unclear. The purpose of this study is to detect the association between IL-23R and IL-17A polymorphisms and AS. A case-control study consisting of 486 AS patients and 480 healthy controls was performed. We used the high-resolution melting methods (HRM) to genotype five selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs6693831, rs7517847, rs1884444, rs10889677 in the IL-23R gene and rs2275913 in the IL-17A gene...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050280/standardized-tumor-volume-an-independent-prognostic-factor-in-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#16
Ting Liu, Jun Lv, Yutao Qin
The study evaluated the prognostic effect of standardized tumor volume in patients with advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Between Jan 1, 2009 and December 30, 2012, 143 patients diagnosed with NPC in UICC stage III-IVb by histopathology were enrolled in the study. These patients underwent intensity-modulated radiotherapy combined with concurrent chemotherapy. The three-dimensional images of tumor volume were reconstructed automatically by the treatment planning system...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050244/the-prognostic-impacts-of-tea-domain-tead-transcription-factor-polymorphisms-in-chinese-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients
#17
Haiyan Xia, Juan Wen, Weiyong Zhao, Dongying Gu, Zhibin Hu, Jinfei Chen, Zhi Xu
TEA domain (TEAD) transcription factors play an important role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development and progression by regulating the expression of a number of genes. However, the association of their genetic variations with HCC prognosis remains elusive. Seven potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms in TEAD1-4 (rs2304733, rs10831923, rs12104362, rs3745305, rs11756089, rs2076173, rs7135838) were genotyped from 331 hepatitis B virus positive HCC patients using the Sequenom MassARRAY iPLEX platform...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050216/high-number-of-chromosomal-copy-number-aberrations-inversely-relates-to-t-11-19-q21-p13-translocation-status-in-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-of-the-salivary-glands
#18
Johannes H Matse, Enno C I Veerman, Jan G M Bolscher, C René Leemans, Bauke Ylstra, Elisabeth Bloemena
Although rare, mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is one of the most common malignant salivary gland tumors. The presence of the t(11;19)(q21;p13) translocation in a subset of MECs has raised interest in genomic aberrations in MEC. In the present study we conducted genome-wide copy-number-aberration analysis by micro-array comparative-genomic-hybridization on 27 MEC samples. Low/intermediate-grade MECs had significantly fewer copy-number-aberrations compared to high-grade MECs (low vs high: 3.48 vs 30; p = 0.0025; intermediate vs high: 5...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050188/-sturge-weber-syndrome-in-port-wine-stain-patients-a-retrospective-study-on-the-clinical-features-and-screening-strategy
#19
Y Wu, R J Yu, X X Lin, W Y Guo
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) in the patients with Port-wine stain (PWS). Methods: A total of 279 PWS patients, 164 males, 115 females with a median age of first visit 17.00 (4.75, 56.00) months. Most of the PWS patients were referred to the Ophthalmology Department for screening eye problems when the cutaneous angiomas involved the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve distribution. The intraocular pressure (IOP), cup to disk ratio (C/D), corneal condition and other essential measurements were examined to screen glaucoma or choroidal hemangioma...
October 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050187/-cytokine-analysis-of-aqueous-humor-in-aids-patients
#20
W J Kong, C G Guo, L Y Xie, W B Wei, H W Dong, C Chen, K F Du
Objective: To explore the Cytokine of aqueous humor in AIDS patients with different eye diseases. Methods: A case-control study including 38 patients who was diagnosed as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(AIDS) at Infectious Center and Department of Ophthalmology in Beijing You'an Hospital, Capital Medical University. And 16 cases of 38 patients were cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR), 14 cases were HIV-related retinal disease, and 8 cases presented as normal. A series of tests were performed including vision acuity check, intraocular pressure, fundus photography, blood cell count of CD4+ T lymphocyte and the content of cytokines in aqueous humor by Luminex 200(TM) liquid chip analyzer...
October 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
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