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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903901/core-binding-factor-cbf-is-required-for-epstein-barr-virus-ebna3-proteins-to-regulate-target-gene-expression
#1
Kostas Paschos, Quentin Bazot, Guiyi Ho, Gillian A Parker, Jonathan Lees, Geraint Barton, Martin J Allday
ChIP-seq performed on lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs), expressing epitope-tagged EBNA3A, EBNA3B or EBNA3C from EBV-recombinants, revealed important principles of EBNA3 binding to chromatin. When combined with global chromatin looping data, EBNA3-bound loci were found to have a singular character, each directly associating with either EBNA3-repressed or EBNA3-activated genes, but not with both. EBNA3A and EBNA3C showed significant association with repressed and activated genes. Significant direct association for EBNA3B loci could only be shown with EBNA3B-repressed genes...
November 29, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26969667/comprehensive-profiling-of-ebv-gene-expression-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-through-paired-end-transcriptome-sequencing
#2
Lijuan Hu, Zhirui Lin, Yanheng Wu, Juqin Dong, Bo Zhao, Yanbing Cheng, Peiyu Huang, Lihua Xu, Tianliang Xia, Dan Xiong, Hongbo Wang, Manzhi Li, Ling Guo, Elliott Kieff, Yixin Zeng, Qian Zhong, Musheng Zeng
The latent expression pattern of Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) genes in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) has been extensively investigated, and the expression of several lytic genes in NPC has been reported. However, comprehensive information through EBV transcriptome analysis in NPC is limited. We performed paired-end RNA-seq to systematically and comprehensively characterize the expression of EBV genes in NPC tissue and C666-1 NPC cell line, which consistently carries EBV. In addition to the transcripts restricted to type II latency infection, the type III latency EBNA3s genes and a substantial number of lytic genes, such as BZLF1, BRLF1, and BMRF1, were detected through RNA-seq and were further verified in C666-1 cells and NPC tissue through realtime PCR...
March 2016: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26861404/the-role-of-gammaherpesviruses-in-cancer-pathogenesis
#3
REVIEW
Hem Chandra Jha, Shuvomoy Banerjee, Erle S Robertson
Worldwide, one fifth of cancers in the population are associated with viral infections. Among them, gammaherpesvirus, specifically HHV4 (EBV) and HHV8 (KSHV), are two oncogenic viral agents associated with a large number of human malignancies. In this review, we summarize the current understanding of the molecular mechanisms related to EBV and KSHV infection and their ability to induce cellular transformation. We describe their strategies for manipulating major cellular systems through the utilization of cell cycle, apoptosis, immune modulation, epigenetic modification, and altered signal transduction pathways, including NF-kB, Notch, Wnt, MAPK, TLR, etc...
2016: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26719268/epstein-barr-virus-nuclear-antigen-3-ebna3-proteins-regulate-ebna2-binding-to-distinct-rbpj-genomic-sites
#4
Anqi Wang, Rene Welch, Bo Zhao, Tram Ta, Sündüz Keleş, Eric Johannsen
UNLABELLED: Latent infection of B lymphocytes by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in vitro results in their immortalization into lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs); this latency program is controlled by the EBNA2 viral transcriptional activator, which targets promoters via RBPJ, a DNA binding protein in the Notch signaling pathway. Three other EBNA3 proteins (EBNA3A, EBNA3B, and EBNA3C) interact with RBPJ to regulate cell gene expression. The mechanism by which EBNAs regulate different genes via RBPJ remains unclear...
March 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26428372/the-ebna3-family-two-oncoproteins-and-a-tumour-suppressor-that-are-central-to-the-biology-of-ebv-in-b-cells
#5
REVIEW
Martin J Allday, Quentin Bazot, Robert E White
Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigens EBNA3A , EBNA3B and EBNA3C are a family of three large latency-associated proteins expressed in B cells induced to proliferate by the virus. Together with the other nuclear antigens (EBNA-LP, EBNA2 and EBNA1), they are expressed from a polycistronic transcription unit that is probably unique to B cells. However, compared with the other EBNAs, hitherto the EBNA3 proteins were relatively neglected and their roles in EBV biology rather poorly understood. In recent years, powerful new technologies have been used to show that these proteins are central to the latency of EBV in B cells, playing major roles in reprogramming the expression of host genes affecting cell proliferation, survival, differentiation and immune surveillance...
2015: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25855980/the-ebna3-family-of-epstein-barr-virus-nuclear-proteins-associates-with-the-usp46-usp12-deubiquitination-complexes-to-regulate-lymphoblastoid-cell-line-growth
#6
Makoto Ohashi, Amy M Holthaus, Michael A Calderwood, Chiou-Yan Lai, Bryan Krastins, David Sarracino, Eric Johannsen
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear proteins EBNA3A, EBNA3B, and EBNA3C interact with the cell DNA binding protein RBPJ and regulate cell and viral genes. Repression of the CDKN2A tumor suppressor gene products p16(INK4A) and p14(ARF) by EBNA3A and EBNA3C is critical for EBV mediated transformation of resting B lymphocytes into immortalized lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs). To define the composition of endogenous EBNA3 protein complexes, we generated lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) expressing flag-HA tagged EBNA3A, EBNA3B, or EBNA3C and used tandem affinity purification to isolate each EBNA3 complex...
April 2015: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25787276/genome-diversity-of-epstein-barr-virus-from-multiple-tumor-types-and-normal-infection
#7
Anne L Palser, Nicholas E Grayson, Robert E White, Craig Corton, Samantha Correia, Mohammed M Ba Abdullah, Simon J Watson, Matthew Cotten, John R Arrand, Paul G Murray, Martin J Allday, Alan B Rickinson, Lawrence S Young, Paul J Farrell, Paul Kellam
UNLABELLED: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects most of the world's population and is causally associated with several human cancers, but little is known about how EBV genetic variation might influence infection or EBV-associated disease. There are currently no published wild-type EBV genome sequences from a healthy individual and very few genomes from EBV-associated diseases. We have sequenced 71 geographically distinct EBV strains from cell lines, multiple types of primary tumor, and blood samples and the first EBV genome from the saliva of a healthy carrier...
May 2015: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25198529/tcr-cd4-cd8-t-cells-in-antigen-specific-mhc-class-i-restricted-t-cell-responses-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#8
Raija K Ahmed, Thomas Poiret, Aditya Ambati, Lalit Rane, Mats Remberger, Birgitta Omazic, Nalini K Vudattu, Jacek Winiarski, Ingemar Ernberg, Rebecca Axelsson-Robertson, Isabelle Magalhaes, Chiara Castelli, Olle Ringden, Markus Maeurer
Human TCRαβ(+) CD4(-)CD8(-) double-negative (DN) T cells represent a minor subset in peripheral blood, yet are important in infectious diseases and autoimmune responses. We examined the frequency of DN T cells in 17 patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (aHSCT) at 1, 2, 3, 6, and 12 months post-aHSCT and show that these cells increase early after aHSCT and decrease with time after aHSCT. DN T cells reside in the terminally differentiated effector (CD45RA(+)CCR7(-)) T-cell population and are polyclonal, determined by T-cell receptor Vβ CDR3 analysis...
October 2014: Journal of Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25092922/epstein-barr-virus-nuclear-antigen-3a-protein-regulates-cdkn2b-transcription-via-interaction-with-miz-1
#9
Quentin Bazot, Thibaut Deschamps, Lionel Tafforeau, Maha Siouda, Pascal Leblanc, Marie L Harth-Hertle, Chantal Rabourdin-Combe, Vincent Lotteau, Bettina Kempkes, Massimo Tommasino, Henri Gruffat, Evelyne Manet
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen 3 family of protein is critical for the EBV-induced primary B-cell growth transformation process. Using a yeast two-hybrid screen we identified 22 novel cellular partners of the EBNA3s. Most importantly, among the newly identified partners, five are known to play direct and important roles in transcriptional regulation. Of these, the Myc-interacting zinc finger protein-1 (MIZ-1) is a transcription factor initially characterized as a binding partner of MYC. MIZ-1 activates the transcription of a number of target genes including the cell cycle inhibitor CDKN2B...
September 2014: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24094498/combination-of-epstein-barr-virus-nuclear-antigen-1-3-and-lytic-antigen%C3%A2-bzlf1-peptide-pools-allows-fast-and-efficient-stimulation-of-epstein-barr-virus-specific-t-cells-for-adoptive-immunotherapy
#10
Yingying Wang, Lamia Aïssi-Rothe, Jean Marc Virion, Marcelo De Carvalho Bittencourt, Neslihan Ulas, Sandra Audonnet, Alexandra Salmon, Laurence Clement, Veronique Venard, Helène Jeulin, Jean-François Stoltz, Veronique Decot, Danièle Bensoussan
BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is a major cause of morbidity following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. EBV-infected B cells may not respond to rituximab treatment and may lead to a life-threatening post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder. Adoptive cellular immunotherapy using EBV-lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCL) as stimulating antigen has proved effective in restoring specific immunity. However, EBV presents several immunodominant antigens, and developing a swift and effective clinical-grade immunotherapy relies on the definition of a Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) universal stimulating antigen...
January 2014: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23560877/detection-of-epstein-barr-virus-specific-memory-cd4-t-cells-using-a-peptide-based-cultured-enzyme-linked-immunospot-assay
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sandra A Calarota, Antonella Chiesa, Paola Zelini, Giuditta Comolli, Lorenzo Minoli, Fausto Baldanti
Approaches to evaluate T-cell responses to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) include enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT), which quantifies cells capable of immediate interferon-γ secretion upon antigen stimulation. However, evaluation of expandable EBV-specific memory T cells in an ELISPOT format has not been described previously. We quantified EBV-specific T-cell precursors with high proliferative capacity by using a peptide-based cultured interferon-γ ELISPOT assay. Standard and cultured ELISPOT responses to overlapping peptide pools (15-mers overlapping by 11 amino acids) covering the lytic (BZLF1 and BMRF1) and latent (EBNA1, EBNA3a, EBNA3b, EBNA3c, LMP1 and LMP2) EBV proteins were evaluated in 20 healthy subjects with remote EBV infection and, for comparison, in four solid organ transplant recipients...
August 2013: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22961815/demonstration-of-type-ii-latency-in-t-lymphocytes-of-epstein-barr-virus-associated-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis
#12
Yoshinori Ito, Yoshiki Kawamura, Seiko Iwata, Jun-Ichi Kawada, Tetsushi Yoshikawa, Hiroshi Kimura
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the most common infectious cause of non-genetic hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). To investigate EBV-infected lymphocytes and immune dysfunction in EBV-associated HLH, blood samples from a 6-year-old boy were longitudinally analyzed using molecular techniques. EBV-positive lymphocytes were detected as CD5(+) , CD8(+) , and/or HLA DR(+) lymphocytes on Day 25 of the disease, mostly disappearing thereafter. CD8(+) cells specific for lytic antigen BRLF1 were detected, but cells specific for latent antigens EBNA3 and LMP2 were not...
February 2013: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21896011/long-term-carriers-generate-epstein-barr-virus-ebv-specific-cd4-and-cd8-polyfunctional-t-cell-responses-which-show-immunodominance-hierarchies-of-ebv-proteins
#13
Raymond J Ning, Xue Q Xu, Kwok H Chan, Alan K S Chiang
T cells simultaneously producing multiple cytokines and possessing cytotoxic capacity termed polyfunctional cells (PFCs) are increasingly recognized as the immune correlate of protection against pathogenic viruses. We investigated co-expression of four cytokines (interferon-γ, macrophage inflammatory protein 1-α, tumour necrosis factor-α and interleukin-2) and degranulation capacity (CD107a surface expression) of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) -specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells upon stimulation by overlapping peptides of EBV lytic (BZLF1) and latent (EBNA1, EBNA3 and LMP2) proteins, in 20 healthy Chinese long-term carriers...
October 2011: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21440926/epstein-barr-virus-nuclear-protein-3c-binds-to-the-n-terminal-ntd-and-beta-trefoil-domains-btd-of-rbp-csl-only-the-ntd-interaction-is-essential-for-lymphoblastoid-cell-growth
#14
Michael A Calderwood, Sungwook Lee, Amy M Holthaus, Stephen C Blacklow, Elliott Kieff, Eric Johannsen
Association of EBV nuclear proteins EBNA2, EBNA3A and EBNA3C with RBP/CSL, is essential for lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL) proliferation. Conserved residues in the EBNA3 homology domain, required for RBP/CSL interaction, lack the WΦP motif that mediates EBNA2 and Notch binding to the RBP/CSL beta-trefoil domain (BTD). We map RBP/CSL interacting residues within EBNA3A(aa128-204) and EBNA3C(aa211-233). The EBNA3A results are consistent with an earlier report (aa125-222), but the EBNA3C domain is unexpectedly small and includes a "WTP" sequence...
May 25, 2011: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21429247/cytolytic-t-lymphocytes-from-hla-b8-donors-frequently-recognize-the-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-associated-latent-membrane-protein-2-of-epstein-barr-virus
#15
Ming L Tsang, Christian Münz
Epstein Barr virus (EBV) is a lymphotrophic γ-herpesvirus that infects more than 90% of the adult human population. It transforms B cells in vitro and is associated with lymphomas in vivo. In most EBV carriers the emergence of these malignancies, however, is prevented by T cell mediated immune control. Part of this control is mediated by CD8+ T cells, which mainly target a subset of viral nuclear antigens, EBNA3A, B and C, in healthy EBV carriers. In HLA-B8 positive individuals, the dominant CTL response is biased towards recognition of EBNA3A...
2011: Herpesviridae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21248177/epstein-barr-virus-latent-gene-sequences-as-geographical-markers-of-viral-origin-unique-ebna3-gene-signatures-identify-japanese-viruses-as-distinct-members-of-the-asian-virus-family
#16
Akihisa Sawada, Deborah Croom-Carter, Osamu Kondo, Masahiro Yasui, Maho Koyama-Sato, Masami Inoue, Keisei Kawa, Alan B Rickinson, Rosemary J Tierney
Polymorphisms in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent genes can identify virus strains from different human populations and individual strains within a population. An Asian EBV signature has been defined almost exclusively from Chinese viruses, with little information from other Asian countries. Here we sequenced polymorphic regions of the EBNA1, 2, 3A, 3B, 3C and LMP1 genes of 31 Japanese strains from control donors and EBV-associated T/NK-cell lymphoproliferative disease (T/NK-LPD) patients. Though identical to Chinese strains in their dominant EBNA1 and LMP1 alleles, Japanese viruses were subtly different at other loci...
May 2011: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21085583/extensive-co-operation-between-the-epstein-barr-virus-ebna3-proteins-in-the-manipulation-of-host-gene-expression-and-epigenetic-chromatin-modification
#17
Robert E White, Ian J Groves, Ernest Turro, Jade Yee, Elisabeth Kremmer, Martin J Allday
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is able to drive the transformation of B-cells, resulting in the generation of lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) in vitro. EBV nuclear proteins EBNA3A and EBNA3C are necessary for efficient transformation, while EBNA3B is dispensable. We describe a transcriptome analysis of BL31 cells infected with a series of EBNA3-knockout EBVs, including one deleted for all three EBNA3 genes. Using Affymetrix Exon 1.0 ST microarrays analysed with the MMBGX algorithm, we have identified over 1000 genes whose regulation by EBV requires one of the EBNA3s...
2010: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20593215/epstein-barr-virus-encoded-ebna-3-binds-to-vitamin-d-receptor-and-blocks-activation-of-its-target-genes
#18
Surya Pavan Yenamandra, Ulf Hellman, Bettina Kempkes, Suhas Deoram Darekar, Sabine Petermann, Tom Sculley, George Klein, Elena Kashuba
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a human gamma herpes virus that infects B cells and induces their transformation into immortalized lymphoblasts that can grow as cell lines (LCLs) in vitro. EBNA-3 is a member of the EBNA-3-protein family that can regulate transcription of cellular and viral genes. The identification of EBNA-3 cellular partners and a study of its influence on cellular pathways are important for understanding the transforming action of the virus. In this work, we have identified the vitamin D receptor (VDR) protein as a binding partner of EBNA-3...
December 2010: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18258677/dead-box-protein-103-dp103-ddx20-is-essential-for-early-embryonic-development-and-modulates-ovarian-morphology-and-function
#19
Jean-François Mouillet, Xiaomei Yan, Qinglin Ou, Lingling Jin, Louis J Muglia, Peter A Crawford, Yoel Sadovsky
The DEAD-box helicase DP103 (Ddx20, Gemin3) is a multifunctional protein that interacts with Epstein-Barr virus nuclear proteins (EBNA2/EBNA3) and is a part of the spliceosomal small nuclear ribonucleoproteins complex. DP103 also aggregates with the micro-RNA machinery complex. We have previously shown that DP103 interacts with the nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1, NR5A1), a key regulator of reproductive development, and represses its transcriptional activity. To further explore the physiological function of DP103, we disrupted the corresponding gene in mice...
May 2008: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17764621/high-level-expression-of-hla-a-0203-bsp-fusion-protein-in-escherichia-coli-and-construction-of-soluble-hla-a-0203-monomer-and-tetramer-loaded-with-epstein-barr-virus-peptide
#20
Qiantao Jia, Lihui Xu, Qingbing Zha, Xiaoyun Chi, Fengyao Li, Xianhui He
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) tetramer technology is critical for characterization of antigen-specific T cells. In the present study we reported the successful generation of HLA-A*0203 tetramer loaded with Epstein-Barr virus EBNA3(596-604) peptide (SVRDRLARL, SVR). Prokaryotic expression vector for the ectodomain of the heavy chain of HLA-A*0203 fused with a BirA substrate peptide (HLA-A*0203-BSP) was constructed and the expression conditions of the fusion protein in Escherichia coli (E. coli) were optimized...
August 2007: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
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