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global positioning system

Greg Haggerty, Michelle Stein, Caleb Siefert, Jennifer Zodan, Ashwin Mehra, Kelechi Ogbuji, Jaspreet Sangha, Michael Habib, Samuel J Sinclair, Mark A Blais
The social cognition and object relations scale-global rating method is a clinical rating system assessing 8 domains of self and interpersonal functioning. It can be applied to score numerous forms of narrative data. In this study, we investigate the SCORS-G relationship to measures of alliance and readiness for psychotherapy with an adolescent inpatient sample. Seventy-two psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents were consented and subsequently rated by their individual and group therapist using the SCORS-G...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Muktar H Aliyu, Olusegun A Adeyemi, Frank Oronsaye, Bolanle Oyeledun, Amaka G Ogidi, Echezona E Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND: Implementation research (IR) facilitates health systems strengthening and optimal patient outcomes by generating evidence for scale-up of efficacious strategies in context. Thus, difficulties in generating IR evidence, particularly in limited-resource settings with wide disease prevention and treatment gaps, need to be anticipated and addressed. Nigeria is a priority country for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). This paper analyses the experiences of four PMTCT IR studies in Nigeria, and proffers solutions to major challenges encountered during implementation...
April 17, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
Xiao Zhou, Jingfeng Liu, Xiaojun Ji, Xiaowei Yang, Meili Duan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate different inflammation markers for predicting the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) in sepsis patients. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted. The adult patients with sepsis for more than 24 hours admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 1st, 2010 to November 1st, 2017 were enrolled. Inflammatory markers such as white blood cell count (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rata (ESR), neutrophil and lymphocyte ratio (NLR), C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), etc...
April 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Tanfeng Cao, Robert L Russell, Thomas D Durbin, David R Cocker, Andrew Burnette, Joseph Calavita, Hector Maldonado, Kent C Johnson
Hybrid engine technology is a potentially important strategy for reduction of tailpipe greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and other pollutants that is now being implemented for off-road construction equipment. The goal of this study was to evaluate the emissions and fuel consumption impacts of electric-hybrid excavators using a Portable Emissions Measurement System (PEMS)-based methodology. In this study, three hybrid and four conventional excavators were studied for both real world activity patterns and tailpipe emissions...
April 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Ken Holst Andersen, Mads Bertelsen, Luca Zanini, Esben Bryndt Klinkby, Troels Schönfeldt, Phillip Martin Bentley, Jan Saroun
A global approach coupling the moderator to the beam extraction system has been applied for the design optimization of the thermal and cold moderators of the European Spallation Source (ESS), which will be the brightest neutron source in the world for condensed-matter studies. The design is based on the recently developed high-brightness low-dimensional moderator concepts. Para -hydrogen is used for the cold neutron source, while thermal neutrons are provided by moderation in water. The overall moderation configuration was chosen in order to satisfy a range of requirements on bispectral extraction, beamport configuration and instrument performance...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Crystallography
Howarth Bouis
Fundamentally, the prevalence of mineral and vitamin deficiencies is high in developing countries due to the fact that agricultural systems do not produce sufficient foods rich in minerals and vitamins. Biofortification involves breeding staple food crops to increase their micronutrient content, targeting staple foods widely consumed by low-income families globally. In so doing, biofortification contributes to solving the underlying problem of mineral and vitamin deficiencies by increasing the amount of iron, zinc, and provitamin A produced by food systems...
April 13, 2018: World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Sheng-Xing Long, Paul B Hamilton, Yang Yang, Sai Wang, Wen-da Huang, Chuan Chen, Ran Tao
Mercury (Hg) contamination in aquatic systems remains a global concern with the biomagnification of methylmercury (MeHg) through primary consumers (zooplankton) to fish and humans. In this study, total mercury (THg) and MeHg concentrations were analyzed in zooplankton collected from Baihua reservoir (Guizhou Province, China). Our results demonstrated that THg and MeHg concentrations were strongly correlated to zooplankton community and biomass composition. The THg concentration was significantly higher in micro-zooplankton compared to meso-zooplankton and macro-zooplankton, and MeHg concentration increased significantly as body size increased...
April 10, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Stan Boutin
In Focus: Blecha, K. A., Boone, R. B., & Alldredge, M. W. (2018). Hunger mediates apex predator's risk avoidance response in wildland-urban interface. Journal of Animal Ecology, 87, 609-622. Puma (Puma concolor), an apex predator, can live at the edge of cities where pockets of low-density human dwellings form residential patches in the wildland-urban interface. Blecha, Boone, and Alldredge () tracked puma via global positioning system (GPS) telemetry collars to determine when and where they hunted and made kills...
May 2018: Journal of Animal Ecology
Matthew R Blair, Nathan Elsworthy, Nancy J Rehrer, Chris Button, Nicholas D Gill
PURPOSE: To examine the movement and physiological demands of rugby union officiating within elite competition. METHODS: Movement demands of 9 elite officials across 12 Super Rugby matches were calculated, using global positioning system devices. Total distance (m), relative distance (m·min-1 ), percentage time spent within various speed zones were calculated across a match. Heart rate responses were also recorded throughout each match. Cohen d effect sizes were reported to examine the within match variations...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Muthmainnah, Achir Yani Syuhaimie Hamid, Rr Tutik Sri Hariyati
BACKGROUND: A remuneration system greatly influences the quality of nursing care and services. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify the effects of a remuneration system on nurses' performance. DESIGN: This research used a literature review design and involved the analysis of 25 articles published in the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Global Health databases. The literature was limited to articles published in English between August 2006 and August 2015...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
T Takahashi, P Harris, M S A Blackwell, L M Cardenas, A L Collins, J A J Dungait, J M B Hawkins, T H Misselbrook, G A McAuliffe, J N McFadzean, P J Murray, R J Orr, M J Rivero, L Wu, M R F Lee
For livestock production systems to play a positive role in global food security, the balance between their benefits and disbenefits to society must be appropriately managed. Based on the evidence provided by field-scale randomised controlled trials around the world, this debate has traditionally centred on the concept of economic-environmental trade-offs, of which existence is theoretically assured when resource allocation is perfect on the farm. Recent research conducted on commercial farms indicates, however, that the economic-environmental nexus is not nearly as straightforward in the real world, with environmental performances of enterprises often positively correlated with their economic profitability...
April 13, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Ji-Wei Wang, Cheng-Gang Zhang, Qing-Long Deng, Wan-Li Chen, Xian Wang, Jin-Ming Yu
BACKGROUND: Stomach cancer survivors (SCS) often carry the dual burden of the cancer itself and other comorbidities; meanwhile, they are highly motivated to seek health advice about lifestyles to improve their health and quality of life (QOL). The associations of the comorbidity and the consumption of vegetable and fruit with QOL remain even less clear among the SCS. This study aimed to investigate the associations of comorbidities and consumption of fruit and vegetable with QOL among SCS...
April 12, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Mathew Joseph Valamparampil, Ananth Mohan, Chinu Jose, Deepthi Kottassery Sadheesan, Jemin Jose Aby, Prasannakumar Vasudevakaimal, Sara Varghese, Anish Tekkumkara Surendrannair, Achu Laila Ashokan, Resmi Santhakumari Madhusoodhanan, Insija Selene Ilyas, Amjith Rajeevan, Sreekanth Balakrishnan Karthikeyan, Krishna Sulochana Devadhas, Rajesh Raghunath, Sethulekshmi Surendran, Harikrishnan Muraleedharanpillai, Zinia Thajudeen Nujum
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. The determinants of CVD in an urban population using conventional and geographic information system techniques were attempted as a community-based census-type cross-sectional study in Kerala, India, among 1649 individuals residing in 452 households. Sociodemographic details, risk factor exposures, and self-reported disease prevalence were determined. Location of houses, wells from which subjects drew drinking water, and distances of the house from the outer road (proxy for air pollution) were mapped using differential global positioning system and pH of water samples determined...
April 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
A Michelle Ferrell, R Jory Brinkerhoff
Patterns of vector-borne disease risk are changing globally in space and time and elevated disease risk of vector-borne infection can be driven by anthropogenic modification of the environment. Incidence of Lyme disease, caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, has risen in a number of locations in North America and this increase may be driven by spatially or numerically expanding populations of the primary tick vector, Ixodes scapularis . We used a model selection approach to identify habitat fragmentation and land-use/land cover variables to test the hypothesis that the amount and configuration of forest cover at spatial scales relevant to deer, the primary hosts of adult ticks, would be the predominant determinants of tick abundance...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
W Naito, M Uesaka
The accident at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant on 11 March 2011 released radioactive material into the atmosphere, and contaminated land in Fukushima and several neighbouring prefectures. During rehabilitation, it is important to accurately understand and determine individual external doses to allow individuals to make informed decisions about whether or not to return to the affected areas. Personal dosimeters (D-Shuttle), used together with a global positioning system and geographic information system device, can provide realistic individual external doses and associated individual external doses, ambient doses, and activity patterns of individuals in the affected areas of Fukushima...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
Daniel F Argolo, Clifford A Hudis, Neil M Iyengar
The rates of obesity are increasing worldwide and this condition is now recognized as a leading preventable cause of cancer. Several diseases are directly related to obesity, including diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, stroke, musculoskeletal disorders, and a diverse range of malignances-such as breast cancer. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of postmenopausal estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer and worse cancer-related outcomes for all breast tumor subtypes. Several mechanisms have been proposed to contribute to the obesity-cancer link, including high levels of circulating and local estrogens, altered amounts of adipokines (leptin and adiponectin), disrupted insulin/IGF signaling, modifications within the microbiome, and local and systemic effects of inflammation...
April 11, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
Shakeel Mahmood, Faiza Sharif, Atta-Ur Rahman, Amin U Khan
The objective of this study was to analyze and forecast municipal solid waste (MSW) in Nankana City (NC), District Nankana, Province of Punjab, Pakistan. The study is based on primary data acquired through a questionnaire, Global Positioning System (GPS), and direct waste sampling and analysis. Inverse distance weighting (IDW) technique was applied to geo-visualize the spatial trend of MSW generation. Analysis revealed that the total MSW generated was 12,419,636 kg/annum (12,419.64 t) or 34,026.4 kg/day (34...
April 11, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
C Esquinas, I Arance, J Pamplona, A Moraga, J F Dorado, J C Angulo
INTRODUCTION: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a significant sequela of prostate cancer surgery. In this article, we present the surgical technique and safety and efficacy of the adjustable transobturator male system (ATOMS®) with preattached scrotal port. MATERIAL AND METHOD: An open prospective study was conducted at a university hospital with the main objective of changing the baseline condition after adjustment in the daily pad count and their wet weight (pad test)...
April 8, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
Jeffrey D Dawson, Elizabeth Bair, Nazan Askan, Kelly Sewell, Jon Tippin, Matthew Rizzo
In naturalistic studies, Global Positioning System (GPS) data and date/time stamps can link driver exposure to specific environments (e.g., road types, speed limits, night driving, etc.), providing valuable context for analyzing critical events, such as crashes, near crashes, and breaches of accelerometer limits. In previous work, we showed how to automate this contextualization, using GPS data obtained at 1 Hz and merging this with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) databases maintained by the Iowa Department of Transportation (DOT)...
June 2017: Proceedings of the ... International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design
Masahiro Hatakeyama, Tomoe Sato, Tetsuya Takahashi, Masato Kanazawa, Osamu Onodera, Masatoyo Nishizawa, Takayoshi Shimohata
OBJECTIVE: To determine predictors of cognitive impairment and frontal dysfunction in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA). METHODS: We recruited 59 patients with MSA and determined the predictors of a decline in the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) scores. RESULTS: The MMSE scores negatively correlated with disease duration, Unified MSA Rating Scale (UMSARS) part 1 and 4 scores, and residual urine volume, and positively correlated with the coefficient of variation of electrocardiographic RR intervals...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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