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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545242/public-open-spaces-and-leisure-time-walking-in-brazilian-adults
#1
Alex Antonio Florindo, Ligia Vizeu Barrozo, William Cabral-Miranda, Eduardo Quieroti Rodrigues, Gavin Turrell, Moisés Goldbaum, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Billie Giles-Corti
Access to public open space is important to increase leisure-time walking (LTW) in high-income countries, but there is little evidence in middle-income countries. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis to examine the relationship between LTW and the presence of different public open spaces (parks, bike paths, and squares) and the mix of these recreational destinations near the homes of adults participating in the Sao Paulo Health Survey (n = 3145). LTW was evaluated by a questionnaire. We delineated buffers (500, 1000, and 1500 m) from the geographic coordinates of the adults' residential addresses using a geographic information system...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545077/the-regional-hydrologic-extremes-assessment-system-a-software-framework-for-hydrologic-modeling-and-data-assimilation
#2
Konstantinos M Andreadis, Narendra Das, Dimitrios Stampoulis, Amor Ines, Joshua B Fisher, Stephanie Granger, Jessie Kawata, Eunjin Han, Ali Behrangi
The Regional Hydrologic Extremes Assessment System (RHEAS) is a prototype software framework for hydrologic modeling and data assimilation that automates the deployment of water resources nowcasting and forecasting applications. A spatially-enabled database is a key component of the software that can ingest a suite of satellite and model datasets while facilitating the interfacing with Geographic Information System (GIS) applications. The datasets ingested are obtained from numerous space-borne sensors and represent multiple components of the water cycle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542797/application-of-geographic-information-systems-to-investigating-associations-between-social-status-and-burial-location-in-medieval-trino-vercellese-piedmont-italy
#3
Marissa C Stewart, Giuseppe Vercellotti
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic status differences in skeletal populations are often inferred from skeletal indicators of stress and burial location. However, to date, the association between osteometric parameters and spatial location in relation to socioeconomic status in medieval Italy has not been explicitly tested. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study examined the spatial distribution of osteometric data in the medieval (8th-13th c.) cemetery of San Michele di Trino (Trino Vercellese, VC, Italy) to determine whether skeletal correlates of socioeconomic status correspond with privileged burial locations...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541739/visualization-of-large-scale-narrative-data-describing-human-error
#4
William J Irwin, Saul D Robinson, Stephen M Belt
Objective Introduced is a visual data exploration technique for compiling, reducing, organizing, visually rendering, and filtering text-based narratives for detailed analysis. Background The analysis of data sets provides an increasingly difficult problem. The method of visual representation is considered an effective tool in many applications. The focus of this study was to determine if a latent semantic analysis-based projection of narrative data into a geographic information systems software program provided a useful tool for reducing and organizing large sums of narrative data for analysis...
June 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540895/pattern-of-acute-glomerulonephritis-in-adult-population-in-dubai-a-single-center-experience
#5
Amna K Alhadari, Fakhriya J Alalawi, Ayman Aly Seddik, Kaneez Zahra, Dileep Kumar, Hussain Yousif, Hind Alnour, Michael Jansen, Mohammad J Railey
Epidemiological data of renal diseases have great geographic variability throughout the world. Due to the lack of a national renal data registry system, there is no information on the prevalence rate, clinical and pathological features of various glomerulonephritis (GN) in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). In a retrospective cross-sectional study, we analyzed 158 renal biopsies done in Dubai Hospital, UAE, between the years of 2005 and September 2014, with an aim to determine the prevalence rate and frequency of different pathological patterns of GN in adult patients who presented with proteinuria ± hematuria...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537330/-eating-together-is-associated-with-food-behaviors-and-demographic-factors-of-older-japanese-people-who-live-alone
#6
M Ishikawa, Y Takemi, T Yokoyama, K Kusama, Y Fukuda, T Nakaya, M Nozue, N Yoshiike, K Yoshiba, F Hayashi, N Murayama
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the relationships between eating together and subjective health, frailty, food behaviors, food accessibility, food production, meal preparation, alcohol intake, socioeconomic factors and geography among older Japanese people who live alone. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, multilevel survey was designed. The questionnaire was distributed by post and self-completed by participants. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535602/quantifying-postglacial-sediment-storage-and-denudation-rates-in-a-small-alpine-catchment-of-the-f%C3%A4-g%C3%A4-ra%C3%A8-mountains-romania
#7
Adrian C Ardelean, Alexandru Onaca, Petru Urdea, Adriana Sărășan
The study of sediment production, transport, storage and discharge in alpine drainage basins is an essential prerequisite for a better understanding of the postglacial evolution of the alpine landscape. To get an overview on sediment production and alpine landscape evolution in Romania, the current study presents the first alpine sediment storage quantification in the Romanian Carpathians. Postglacial denudation was quantified within the small alpine catchment of the Doamnei Valley (3.62km(2)), located in the central part of the Făgăraș Mountains...
May 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534647/considering-built-environment-and-spatial-correlation-in-modelling-pedestrian-injury-severity
#8
Carlo G Prato, Sigal Kaplan, Alexandre Patrier, Thomas K Rasmussen
OBJECTIVE: This study looks at mitigating and aggravating factors that are associated with the injury severity of pedestrians when they have crashes with another road user and overcomes existing limitations in the literature by posing attention on the built environment and considering spatial correlation across crashes. METHOD: Reports for 6539 pedestrian crashes occurred in Denmark between 2006 and 2015 were merged with geographic information system resources containing detailed information about built environment and exposure at the crash locations...
May 23, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533899/genetic-diversity-and-structure-of-an-endangered-desert-shrub-and-the-implications-for-conservation
#9
Zhihao Su, Bryce A Richardson, Li Zhuo, Xiaolong Jiang, Wenjun Li, Xiaoshan Kang
Population genetic information can provide valuable insight for the conservation and management of threatened and endangered plant species. Tamarix taklamakanensis is an endangered shrub endemic to arid basins of northwestern China. This species serves to stabilize soils in this region, but has seen substantial loss in its abundance due to depletion of ground water. The populations of this species have become small and fragmented, warranting conservation. Seven microsatellite loci were used to assess the genetic diversity and structure of 15 populations in the Tarim Basin, China...
May 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529012/the-epidemiology-and-hotspots-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-moshi-tanzania-an-observational-study
#10
Joseph M Reardon, Luciano Andrade, Julian Hertz, George Kiwango, Anneth Teu, Msafiri Pesambili, Deena El-Gabri, Michael Hocker, Mark Mvungi, João Ricardo N Vissoci, Catherine A Staton
Road traffic injuries (RTIs) continue to increase with the proliferation of motor vehicles, especially in low-income countries where safe road infrastructure is lacking. Knowing where and why RTIs occur would allow for increased safety and prevention planning. In this study, police records of 300 motor vehicle collisions which occurred between February 2013 and January 2014 in Moshi, Tanzania were reviewed. Analysis of variables including victim age, gender, type of collision, conditions, and use of safety equipment were analyzed...
May 3, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527341/unravelling-respiratory-syncytial-virus-outbreaks-in-buenos-aires-argentina-molecular-basis-of-the-spatio-temporal-transmission
#11
Gabriel Lihue Rojo, Stephanie Goya, Mariana Orellana, Andrea Sancilio, Alberto Rodriguez Perez, César Montali, Carolina García, Lilian Sosa, Alejandra Musto, Daniela Alvarez, Alejandro Castello, Mariana Viegas
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the main viral cause of hospitalization due to acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants worldwide. Several vaccines against RSV are under research and development, which are about to be approved. We evaluated transmission patterns in different settings to determine age-specific vaccination targets from a viral perspective. We sequenced the G glycoprotein's ectodomain of a constant clinical sampling between two epidemic outbreaks in a limited geographical region and performed phylogeographic analyses...
May 17, 2017: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525800/what-is-the-association-between-healthy-weight-in-4-5-year-old-children-and-spatial-access-to-purposefully-constructed-play-areas
#12
Robin Poole, Graham Moon
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a global issue. Understanding associated factors is essential in designing interventions to reduce its prevalence. There are knowledge gaps concerning the leptogenic potential of play areas for very young children and particularly whether there is an association between levels of childhood obesity and play area quality. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted to investigate whether spatial access to play areas had an association with healthy weight status of 4-5-year-old children...
May 15, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520958/the-development-use-and-impact-of-a-global-laboratory-database-during-the-2014-ebola-outbreak-in-west-africa
#13
Kara N Durski, Shalini Singaravelu, Junxiong Teo, Dhamari Naidoo, Luke Bawo, Amara Jambai, Sakoba Keita, Ali Ahmed Yahaya, Beatrice Muraguri, Brice Ahounou, Victoria Katawera, Fredson Kuti-George, Yacouba Nebie, T Henry Kohar, Patrick Jowlehpah Hardy, Mamoudou Harouna Djingarey, David Kargbo, Nuha Mahmoud, Yewondwossen Assefa, Orla Condell, Magassouba N'Faly, Leon Van Gurp, Margaret Lamanu, Julia Ryan, Boubacar Diallo, Foday Daffae, Dikena Jackson, Fayyaz Ahmed Malik, Philomena Raftery, Pierre Formenty
Background: The international impact, rapid widespread transmission, and reporting delays during the 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa highlighted the need for a global, centralized database to inform outbreak response. The World Health Organization and Emerging and Dangerous Pathogens Laboratory Network addressed this need by supporting the development of a global laboratory database. Methods: Specimens were collected in the affected countries from patients and dead bodies meeting the case definitions for EVD...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520876/geographic-information-systems-mapping-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-an-ocular-telemedicine-network
#14
Pooja D Jani, Lauren Forbes, Philip McDaniel, Anthony Viera, Seema Garg
Importance: Minimal information exists on the use of geographic information systems mapping for visualizing access barriers to eye care for patients with diabetes. Objective: To use geographic information systems mapping techniques to visualize (1) the locations of patients participating in the North Carolina Diabetic Retinopathy Telemedicine Network, (2) the locations of primary care clinicians and ophthalmologists across the state, and (3) the travel times associated with traveling to the 5 primary care clinics in our study...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516144/geospatial-datasets-in-support-of-high-resolution-spatial-assessment-of-population-vulnerability-to-climate-change-in-nepal
#15
Janardan Mainali, Narcisa G Pricope
We present a geographic information system (GIS) dataset with a nominal spatial resolution of one-kilometer composed of grid polygons originally derived and utilized in a high-resolution climate vulnerability model for Nepal. The different data sets described and shared in this article are processed and tailored to the specific objectives of our research paper entitled "High-resolution Spatial Assessment of Population Vulnerability to Climate Change in Nepal" (Mainali and Pricope, In press) [1]. We share these data recognizing that there is a significant gap in regards to data availability, the spatial patterns of different biophysical and socioeconomic variables, and the overall population vulnerability to climatic variability and disasters in Nepal...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513818/the-risk-of-melanoma-associated-with-ambient-summer-ultraviolet-radiation
#16
Lauren Pinault, Tracey Bushnik, Vitali Fioletov, Cheryl E Peters, Will D King, Michael Tjepkema
BACKGROUND: Depletion of the ozone layer has meant that ambient ultraviolet radiation (UVR) has increased in recent decades. At the same time, the incidence of skin cancers, including melanoma, has risen. The relatively few large-scale studies that linked ambient UVR to melanoma found a trend toward rising incidence closer to the equator, where UVR estimates are highest. Similar research has not been conducted in Canada, where ambient UVR is generally lower than in countries further south...
May 17, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511348/integrated-flood-hazard-assessment-based-on-spatial-ordered-weighted-averaging-method-considering-spatial-heterogeneity-of-risk-preference
#17
Yangfan Xiao, Shanzhen Yi, Zhongqian Tang
Flood is the most common natural hazard in the world and has caused serious loss of life and property. Assessment of flood prone areas is of great importance for watershed management and reduction of potential loss of life and property. In this study, a framework of multi-criteria analysis (MCA) incorporating geographic information system (GIS), fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and spatial ordered weighted averaging (OWA) method was developed for flood hazard assessment. The factors associated with geographical, hydrological and flood-resistant characteristics of the basin were selected as evaluation criteria...
May 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511110/determination-of-regional-relationships-among-salmonella-spp-isolated-from-retail-pork-circulating-in-the-chiang-mai-municipality-area-using-a-wgs-data-approach
#18
Prapas Patchanee, Thanaporn Eiamsam-Ang, Juntakarn Vanaseang, Phacharaporn Boonkhot, Pakpoom Tadee
Salmonella is recognized as a significant zoonotic foodborne pathogen, and pork products are involved in one-fifth of infections. Whole genome sequencing data of Salmonella isolated from retail's pork circulating in the Chiang Mai Municipality area between April 2013 and September 2014, were used to focus on genetic diversity and proven in pig-human transmission based on Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST). Additionally, WGS data were used to investigate virulence genes, to assess the hazard or pathogenic potential transferred into the food production chain...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510620/association-between-neighborhood-supermarket-presence-and-glycated-hemoglobin-levels-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Y Tara Zhang, Mahasin S Mujahid, Barbara A Laraia, E Margaret Warton, Samuel D Blanchard, Howard H Moffet, Janelle Downing, Andrew J Karter
We estimated associations between neighborhood supermarket gain or loss and glycemic control (assessed by glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values) in patients from the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Diabetes Registry (n = 434,806 person-years; 2007-2010). Annual clinical measures were linked to metrics from a geographic information system for each patient's address of longest residence. We estimated the association between change in supermarket presence (gain, loss, or no change) and change in HbA1c value, adjusting for individual- and area-level attributes and according to baseline glycemic control (near normal, <6...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510584/identification-of-novel-risk-factors-for-community-acquired-clostridium-difficile-infection-using-spatial-statistics-and-geographic-information-system-analyses
#20
Deverick J Anderson, Leoncio Flavio Rojas, Shera Watson, Lauren P Knelson, Sohayla Pruitt, Sarah S Lewis, Rebekah W Moehring, Emily E Sickbert Bennett, David J Weber, Luke F Chen, Daniel J Sexton
BACKGROUND: The rate of community-acquired Clostridium difficile infection (CA-CDI) is increasing. While receipt of antibiotics remains an important risk factor for CDI, studies related to acquisition of C. difficile outside of hospitals are lacking. As a result, risk factors for exposure to C. difficile in community settings have been inadequately studied. MAIN OBJECTIVE: To identify novel environmental risk factors for CA-CDI. METHODS: We performed a population-based retrospective cohort study of patients with CA-CDI from 1/1/2007 through 12/31/2014 in a 10-county area in central North Carolina...
2017: PloS One
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