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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335583/is-accessibility-to-dental-care-facilities-in-rural-areas-associated-with-number-of-teeth-in-elderly-residents
#1
Tsuyoshi Hamano, Miwako Takeda, Kazumichi Tominaga, Kristina Sundquist, Toru Nabika
Given that public transportation networks are less developed in rural than in urban areas, a lack of accessibility to dental care facilities could be a barrier to routine dental checkups. Thus, we hypothesized that the distance to the dental care facilities is a risk factor for tooth loss. The aim of this study was to test whether there is an association between the distance to dental care facilities, estimated by geographic information systems, and number of teeth, assessed by an oral examination, among elderly residents of a rural area in Japan...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334271/a-temperature-dependent-phenology-model-for-liriomyza-huidobrensis-diptera-agromyzidae
#2
Norma Mujica, Marc Sporleder, Pablo Carhuapoma, Jürgen Kroschel
Liriomyza huidobrensis (Blanchard) is an economically important and highly polyphagous worldwide pest. To establish a temperature-dependent phenology model, essential for understanding the development and growth of the pest population under a variety of climates and as part of a pest risk analysis, L. huidobrensis life-table data were collected under laboratory conditions at seven constant temperatures on its host faba bean (Vicia faba L.). Several nonlinear equations were fitted to each life stage to model the temperature-dependent population growth and species life history and finally compile an overall temperature-dependent pest phenology model using the Insect Life Cycle Modeling (ILCYM) software...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330517/genetic-characterization-of-spotted-fever-group-rickettsiae-in-questing-ixodid-ticks-collected-in-israel-and-environmental-risk-factors-for-their-infection
#3
Jessica Rose, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Kosta Y Mumcuoglu, Moh A Alkhamis, Adi Ben-Nun, Itamar Lensky, Eyal Klement, Abedelmajeed Nasereddin, Ziad A Abdeen, Shimon Harrus
This study aimed to genetically characterize spotted fever group rickettsiae (SFGR) in questing ixodid ticks from Israel and to identify risk factors associated with SFGR-positive ticks using molecular techniques and geographic information systems (GIS) analysis. 1039 ticks from the genus Rhipicephalus were collected during 2014. 109/1039 (10·49%) carried SFGR-DNA of either Rickettsia massiliae (95), 'Candidatus Rickettsia barbariae' (8) or Rickettsia conorii (6). Higher prevalence of SFGR was found in Rhipicephalus turanicus (18·00%) compared with Rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (3·22%)...
March 23, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329939/-spatial-and-temporal-characteristics-of-hiv-aids-in-hubei-province-2010-2013
#4
M T Gao, T Wang, K K Wang, S Y Li, H Yan
Objective: To understand the spatial and temporal distribution of HIV/AIDS in Hubei province, and provide scientific evidence for the prevention and control of AIDS. Methods: GeoDa software was used for autocorrelation analysis, SatScan 9.2 software was used for statistical analysis of spatial scanning, and finally geographic information system was used for visualization. Results: A total of 6 952 HIV/AIDS cases were reported during 2010-2013 in Hubei, and the spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that Global Moran's I index was 0...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327843/-geographic-information-systems
#5
Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Diego Azañedo, Guido Bendezú-Quispe, Josmel Pacheco-Mendoza, R Martín Chaparro
The aim of this study was to geospatially explore the occurrence rates of car accidents involving pedestrians in Cercado de Lima (Lima District), Peru. Car accidents involving pedestrians recorded in the 2015 National Police Station Census of the National Statistics and Information Institute were described and georeferenced. Subsequently, a Kernel Density analysis was carried out to locate areas with high, medium, and low density events. Records of 171 car accidents involving pedestrians were studied: the types of vehicles involved were automobiles (56...
October 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327791/a-tale-of-two-neglected-tropical-infections-using-gis-to-assess-the-spatial-and-temporal-overlap-of-schistosomiasis-and-leprosy-in-a-region-of-minas-gerais-brazil
#6
David Alexander Phillips, José Antonio Ferreira, Deidra Ansah, Herica Sa Teixeira, Uriel Kitron, Thelma de Filippis, Marcelo H de Alcântara, Jessica K Fairley
BACKGROUND: Despite public health efforts to reduce the global burden of leprosy, gaps remain in the knowledge surrounding transmission of infection. Helminth co-infections have been associated with a shift towards the lepromatous end of the disease spectrum, potentially increasing transmission in co-endemic areas. OBJECTIVES: Using this biologically plausible association, we conducted a geographic information systems (GIS) study to investigate the spatial associations of schistosomiasis and leprosy in an endemic area of Minas Gerais (MG), Brazil...
April 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327395/using-pass-database-and-geographic-information-systems-gis-to-map-familial-hypercholesterolaemia-fh-diagnoses-in-england-and-wales
#7
K Kate Haralambos, J Whitmore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325736/geospatial-approaches-to-cancer-control-and-population-sciences
#8
EDITORIAL
Mario Schootman, Scarlett Lin Gomez, Kevin A Henry, Electra D Paskett, Gary L Ellison, April Oh, Stephen H Taplin, Zaria Tatalovich, David A Berrigan
Cancer incidence and mortality display strong geographic patterns worldwide and in the United States (1, 2). The environment where individuals live, work, and play is increasingly being recognized as important across the cancer control continuum, including the risk of cancer development, detection, diagnosis, treatment, mortality, and survivorship (3-5). At the same time, emergent technological capacity in geographic information systems (GIS) and mapping, along with increasing sophistication in applied spatial methods, has resulted in a growing research community developing and applying geospatial approaches in health research (5)...
March 21, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325664/-inequities-in-health-socio-demographic-and-spatial-analysis-of-breast-cancer-in-women-from-c%C3%A3-rdoba-argentina
#9
Natalia Tumas, Sonia Alejandra Pou, Maria Del Pilar Diaz
OBJECTIVE: To identify sociodemographic determinants associated with the spatial distribution of the breast cancer incidence in the province of Córdoba, Argentina, in order to reveal underlying social inequities. METHOD: An ecological study was developed in Córdoba (26 counties as geographical units of analysis). The spatial autocorrelation of the crude and standardised incidence rates of breast cancer, and the sociodemographic indicators of urbanization, fertility and population ageing were estimated using Moran's index...
March 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320440/ecological-niche-modeling-of-rabies-in-the-changing-arctic-of-alaska
#10
Falk Huettmann, Emily Elizabeth Magnuson, Karsten Hueffer
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a disease of global significance including in the circumpolar Arctic. In Alaska enzootic rabies persist in northern and western coastal areas. Only sporadic cases have occurred in areas outside of the regions considered enzootic for the virus, such as the interior of the state and urbanized regions. RESULTS: Here we examine the distribution of diagnosed rabies cases in Alaska, explicit in space and time. We use a geographic information system (GIS), 20 environmental data layers and provide a quantitative non-parsimonious estimate of the predicted ecological niche, based on data mining, machine learning and open access data...
March 20, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320394/el-ni%C3%A3-o-southern-oscillation-as-an-early-warning-tool-for-malaria-outbreaks-in-india
#11
Ramesh C Dhiman, Soma Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Risks of malaria epidemics in relation to El Niño and Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events have been mapped and studied at global level. In India, where malaria is a major public health problem, no such effort has been undertaken that inter-relates El Niño, Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall (ISMR) and malaria. The present study has been undertaken to find out the relationship between ENSO events, ISMR and intra-annual variability in malaria cases in India, which in turn could help mitigate the malaria outbreaks...
March 20, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316972/prediction-of-pig-trade-movements-in-different-european-production-systems-using-exponential-random-graph-models
#12
Anne Relun, Vladimir Grosbois, Tsviatko Alexandrov, Jose M Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Agnes Waret-Szkuta, Sophie Molia, Eric Marcel Charles Etter, Beatriz Martínez-López
In most European countries, data regarding movements of live animals are routinely collected and can greatly aid predictive epidemic modeling. However, the use of complete movements' dataset to conduct policy-relevant predictions has been so far limited by the massive amount of data that have to be processed (e.g., in intensive commercial systems) or the restricted availability of timely and updated records on animal movements (e.g., in areas where small-scale or extensive production is predominant). The aim of this study was to use exponential random graph models (ERGMs) to reproduce, understand, and predict pig trade networks in different European production systems...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300969/rat-infestation-associated-with-environmental-deficiencies-in-an-urban-slum-community-with-high-risk-of-leptospirosis-transmission
#13
Norlan de Jesus Santos, Erica Sousa, Mitermayer G Reis, Albert I Ko, Federico Costa
We analyzed environmental factors that provide food, water and harborage to rodents and the risk of household rodent infestation in a slum community with a high risk of leptospirosis transmission. Detailed environmental surveys were performed in 221 households. Multivariate regression models evaluated the association between rodent infestation and socioeconomic status and environmental attributes obtained from Geographical Information System surveys. The general household infestation rate was 45.9%. Rattus norvegicus signs were the most prevalent, present in 74% of the infested households...
March 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293283/-making-the-mentally-ill-count-lessons-from-a-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system-for-people-with-mental-and-neurological-disorders-in-the-kintampo-districts-of-ghana
#14
Kenneth A Ae-Ngibise, Edward Adiibokah, Obed Ernest A Nettey, Solomon Nyame, Victor Christian Korley Doku, Kwaku Poku Asante, Seth Owusu-Agyei
BACKGROUND: Persons with mental and neurological disorders (PMNDs) are among the most marginalised groups in developing countries, as they are socially excluded and overlooked in most developmental efforts. Due to high levels of stigma and other operational difficulties, PMNDs are often marginalised in routine enumeration exercises. Health and Demographic Surveillance System is an important public health research platform especially in countries that lacks reliable data systems, as it registers and monitor basic demographic and health events such as births, deaths and migration in a geographically defined population...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291805/socioeconomic-factors-associated-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-jamaica
#15
Debbie S Thompson, Novie Younger-Coleman, Parris Lyew-Ayee, Lisa-Gaye Greene, Michael S Boyne, Terrence E Forrester
OBJECTIVES: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is an important risk factor for illness and death globally, contributing to more than half of deaths in children worldwide. We hypothesized that SAM is positively correlated to poverty, low educational attainment, major crime and higher mean soil concentrations of lead, cadmium and arsenic. METHODS: We reviewed admission records of infants admitted with a diagnosis of SAM over 14 years (2000-2013) in Jamaica. Poverty index, educational attainment, major crime and environmental heavy metal exposure were represented in a Geographic Information System (GIS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291450/establishing-a-joint-theater-trauma-system-during-phase-zero-operations
#16
Jennifer J Walker, Zsolt T Stockinger, Colin G Chinn
OBJECTIVES: Military personnel risk injury due to accidents, disasters, and military threats during Phase Zero "shaping" operations. Medical facilities must be poised to respond. METHODS: The U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM) Area of Responsibility (AOR) covers more than 50% of the earth's surface; relevant Clinical Practice Guidelines must include the maritime setting and extended evacuation periods. Military hospitals in the region are not connected by a defined Trauma System...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287808/travel-burden-and-clinical-profile-of-cancer-patients-admitted-to-the-cancer-institute-of-iran-in-2012
#17
Fatemeh Sadeghi, Atefeh Ardestani, Maryam Hadji, Mohammad Ali Mohagheghi, Ali Kazemian, Mehrzad Mirzania, Habibollah Mahmoodzadeh, Mahdi Aghili, Kazem Zendehdel
BACKGROUND: Burden of cancer is increasing in developing countries, where healthcare infrastructures and resources are limited. Evaluating the pattern of care would provide evidence for planning and improvement of the situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied the pattern of residential place and clinical information of cancer patients who were admitted to the Cancer Institute of Iran from January 1, to May 31, 2012. RESULTS: We studied 1,705 consecutive cancer patients admitted to the Cancer Institute in the study period...
March 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284944/citizen-sensor-networks-to-confront-government-decision-makers-two-lessons-from-the-netherlands
#18
Linda Carton, Peter Ache
This paper presents one emerging social-technical innovation: The evolution of citizen-sensor-networks where citizens organize themselves from the 'bottom up', for the sake of confronting governance officials with measured information about environmental qualities. We have observed how citizen-sensor-networks have been initiated in the Netherlands in cases where official government monitoring and business organizations leave gaps. The formed citizen-sensor-networks collect information about issues that affect the local community in their quality-of-living...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283120/estimating-the-prevalence-of-toxic-waste-sites-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#19
Russell Dowling, Jack Caravanos, Patrick Grigsby, Anthony Rivera, Bret Ericson, Yaw Amoyaw-Osei, Bennett Akuffo, Richard Fuller
BACKGROUND: Exposure to heavy metals at contaminated industrial and mining sites, known also as hot spots, is a significant source of toxic exposure and adverse health outcomes in countries around the world. The Toxic Sites Identification Program (TSIP) developed by Pure Earth, a New York-based nongovernmental organization, is the only systematic effort to catalogue contaminated sites globally. To date, TSIP has identified and catalogued 3282 sites in low- and middle-income countries...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280351/regional-variation-in-post-stroke-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-care-among-veteran-residents-in-community-nursing-homes
#20
Huanguang Jia, Qinglin Pei, Charles T Sullivan, Diane C Cowper Ripley, Samuel S Wu, W Bruce Vogel, Xinping Wang, Douglas E Bidelspach, Jennifer L Hale-Gallardo, Barbara E Bates
INTRODUCTION: Effective post-acute multidisciplinary rehabilitation therapy improves stroke survivors' functional recovery and daily living activities. The US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) places veterans needing post-acute institutional care in private community nursing homes (CNHs). These placements are made under the same rules and regulations across the VA health care system and through individual per diem contracts between local VA facilities and CNHs. However, there is limited information about utilization of these veterans' health services as well as the geographic variation of the service utilization...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
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