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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#1
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776320/gis-based-planning-system-for-managing-the-flow-of-construction-and-demolition-waste-in-brazil
#2
Diogo Henrique Fernandes da Paz, Kalinny Patrícia Vaz Lafayette, Maria do Carmo Sobral
The objective of this article was to plan a network for municipal management of construction and demolition waste in Brazil with the assistance of a geographic information system, using the city of Recife as a case study. The methodology was carried out in three stages. The first was to map the illegal construction and demolition of waste disposal points across Recife and classify the waste according to its recyclability. In sequence, a method for indicating suitable areas for installation of voluntary delivery points, for small waste generators, are presented...
May 1, 2018: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774299/spatial-distribution-and-cluster-analysis-of-dengue-using-self-organizing-maps-in-andhra-pradesh-india-2011-2013
#3
Srinivasa Rao Mutheneni, Rajasekhar Mopuri, Suchithra Naish, Deepak Gunti, Suryanarayana Murty Upadhyayula
Background and objectives: Dengue is an emerging and re-emerging infectious disease, transmitted by mosquitoes. It is mostly prevalent in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world, particularly, in Asia-Pacific region. To understand the epidemiology and spatial distribution of dengue, a retrospective surveillance study was conducted in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India during 2011-2013. Material and methods: District-wise disease endemicity levels were mapped through geographical information system (GIS) tools...
February 2018: Parasite Epidemiology and Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#4
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772888/mapping-malaria-risk-using-geographic-information-systems-and-remote-sensing-the-case-of-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#5
Amare Sewnet Minale, Kalkidan Alemu
The main objective of this study was to develop a malaria risk map for Bahir Dar City, Amhara, which is situated south of Lake Tana on the Ethiopian plateau. Rainfall, temperature, altitude, slope and land use/land cover (LULC), as well as proximity measures to lake, river and health facilities, were investigated using remote sensing and geographical information systems. The LULC variable was derived from a 2012 SPOT satellite image by supervised classification, while 30-m spatial resolution measurements of altitude and slope came from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772886/urban-environmental-clustering-to-assess-the-spatial-dynamics-of-aedes-aegypti-breeding-sites
#6
Guillermo Albrieu-Llinás, Manuel O Espinosa, Agustín Quaglia, Marcelo Abril, Carlos Marcelo Scavuzzo
The identification of Aedes aegypti breeding hotspots in urban areas is crucial for the rational design of control strategies against this disease vector. Remote sensing and geographic information systems offer valuable tools for mapping habitat suitability of a given area. However, predicting species occurrences by means of probability distribution maps based on transversal entomological surveys has limited utility for local authorities. The aim of the present study was to carefully examine the temporal evolution of the number of houses infested with immature stages of Ae...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772879/understanding-needs-and-barriers-to-using-geospatial-tools-for-public-health-policymaking-in-china
#7
Dohyeong Kim, Yingyuan Zhang, Chang Kil Lee
Despite growing popularity of using geographical information systems and geospatial tools in public health fields, these tools are only rarely implemented in health policy management in China. This study examines the barriers that could prevent policy-makers from applying such tools to actual managerial processes related to public health problems that could be assisted by such approaches, e.g. evidence-based policy-making. A questionnaire-based survey of 127 health-related experts and other stakeholders in China revealed that there is a consensus on the needs and demands for the use of geospatial tools, which shows that there is a more unified opinion on the matter than so far reported...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772875/measuring-high-density-built-environment-for-public-health-research-uncertainty-with-respect-to-data-indicator-design-and-spatial-scale
#8
Guibo Sun, Chris Webster, Michael Y Ni, Xiaohu Zhang
Uncertainty with respect to built environment (BE) data collection, measure conceptualization and spatial scales is evident in urban health research, but most findings are from relatively lowdensity contexts. We selected Hong Kong, an iconic high-density city, as the study area as limited research has been conducted on uncertainty in such areas. We used geocoded home addresses (n=5732) from a large population-based cohort in Hong Kong to extract BE measures for the participants' place of residence based on an internationally recognized BE framework...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772874/spatial-electromagnetic-field-intensity-modelling-of-global-system-for-mobile-communication-base-stations-in-the-istanbul-technical-university-ayazaga-campus-area
#9
Kubra Boz, Hayri Hakan Denli
The rapid development of the global system for mobile communication services and the consequent increased electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure to the human body have generated debate on the potential danger with respect to human health. The many research studies focused on this subject have, however, not provided any certain evidence about harmful consequences due to mobile communication systems. On the other hand, there are still views suggesting such exposure might affect the human body in different ways...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772872/spatial-analysis-for-the-epidemiological-study-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-systematic-literature-search
#10
Carlos Mena, Cesar Sepúlveda, Eduardo Fuentes, Yony Ormazábal, Iván Palomo
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the primary cause of death and disability in de world, and the detection of populations at risk as well as localization of vulnerable areas is essential for adequate epidemiological management. Techniques developed for spatial analysis, among them geographical information systems and spatial statistics, such as cluster detection and spatial correlation, are useful for the study of the distribution of the CVDs. These techniques, enabling recognition of events at different geographical levels of study (e...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772871/access-to-dialysis-services-a-systematic-mapping-review-based-on-geographical-information-systems
#11
Benyamin Hoseini, Nasser Bagheri, Behzad Kiani, Amirabbas Azizi, Hamed Tabesh, Mahmood Tara
Equitable access to healthcare services constitutes one of the leading priorities of healthcare provision and access to dialysis services (ADS) has an essential impact on patients depending on renal dialysis. The many existing GIS-based ADS evaluations include various spatial and non-spatial factors affecting ADS. We systematically mapped and reviewed the available literature with reference to this area identifying gaps in current GIS-based ADS measurements and developing recommendations for future studies...
May 7, 2018: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770078/evaluating-the-timeliness-of-reporting-in-a-first-nations-communicable-diseases-program
#12
A Lam, S Woods, N Ndubuka
Background: Timely reporting of communicable diseases is necessary to enable a prompt response to mitigate and control outbreaks. This is especially true among First Nations communities due to a number of factors, including unique social determinants of health, which can contribute to rapid disease transmission. Objective: To assess the timeliness of reporting for 12 notifiable communicable diseases in the Northern Inter-Tribal Health Authority, which includes 33 First Nations on-reserve communities in Northern Saskatchewan, Canada, and to assess whether there were differences in reporting times depending on degree of remoteness of community, season or year...
June 1, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770076/the-use-of-technology-to-improve-health-care-to-saskatchewan-s-first-nations-communities
#13
I Khan, N Ndubuka, K Stewart, V McKinney, I Mendez
Background: Saskatchewan is a province of over one million people and over 13% are Indigenous peoples, many of whom live on reserve lands. Despite continued efforts, access to health care remains a significant challenge for these Indigenous people, especially those in the North. Objective: To address this challenge, Saskatchewan's health care providers have been incorporating the use of technology for various health services. This paper describes various ways technology has been used in First Nations communities in Saskatchewan...
June 1, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768615/mortality-due-to-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-brazil-and-its-geographical-regions-analyzing-the-effect-of-age-period-cohort
#14
Juliano Dos Santos, Karina Cardoso Meira, Amanda Rodrigues Camacho, Pétala Tuani Candido de Oliveira Salvador, Raphael Mendonça Guimarães, Ângela Maria Geraldo Pierin, Taynãna Cesar Simões, Flávio Henrique Miranda de Araújo Freire
The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of age-period and cohort (APC) of birth on mortality for acute myocardial infarction in Brazil and its geographic regions, according to sex in the period from 1980 to 2009. The data was extracted from the Mortality Information System and was corrected and adjusted by means of proportional redistribution of records with sex and age ignored, ill-defined causes, and corrections were made based on the death sub-register. The APC was calculated using the Poisson regression model with estimable functions...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764398/challenges-and-motivators-to-physical-activity-faced-by-retired-men-when-ageing-a-qualitative-study
#15
Ebba Langum Bredland, Sylvia Söderström, Kjersti Vik
BACKGROUND: Active ageing reflects the message from World Health Organisation about addressing the challenge faced by the rapidly ageing population. Knowledge about barriers and facilitators to an active lifestyle must be given more attention. In addition, men seem to participate less in cultural activities and less in fall-prevention groups than women do. When mostly women work with the elderly in primary care, one might question whether the activities offered to older men meet their activity preferences...
May 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764171/compassionate-communities-design-and-preliminary-results-of-the-experience-of-vic-barcelona-spain-caring-city
#16
Xavier Gómez-Batiste, Silvia Mateu, Susagna Serra-Jofre, Magda Molas, Sarah Mir-Roca, Jordi Amblàs, Xavier Costa, Cristina Lasmarías, Marta Serrarols, Alvar Solà-Serrabou, Candela Calle, Allan Kellehear
BACKGROUND: A program of Compassionate City or Community (CC) has been designed and developed in the City of Vic (43,964 habitants, Barcelona, Spain), based on The Compassionate City Charter and other public health literature and experiments, with the joint leadership of the City Council and the Chair of Palliative Care at the University of Vic, and as an expansion of a comprehensive and integrated system of palliative care. METHODS: The program started with an assessment of needs of the city as identified by 48 social organizations with a foundational workshop and a semi-structured survey...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763865/the-impact-of-seasonal-varied-human-activity-on-characteristics-and-sources-of-heavy-metals-in-metropolitan-road-dusts
#17
Cong Men, Ruimin Liu, Qingrui Wang, Lijia Guo, Zhenyao Shen
Due to significant human activity, road dust is becoming contaminated by heavy metals in many cities. To comprehensively investigate the variation of contamination level and sources of heavy metals in road dust, 10 heavy metals in road dust samples from Beijing, China, in both summer and winter, were evaluated by spatial analysis using geographic information system (GIS) mapping technology and the positive matrix factorization (PMF) Model. Although the concentrations of some heavy metals between summer and winter had similarities, the differences of others and spatial distributions of heavy metals between summer and winter were considerable...
May 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758865/risk-assessment-and-source-analysis-of-soil-heavy-metal-pollution-from-lower-reaches-of-yellow-river-irrigation-in-china
#18
Pengyan Zhang, Chengzhe Qin, Xin Hong, Guohua Kang, Mingzhou Qin, Dan Yang, Bo Pang, Yanyan Li, Jianjian He, Richard P Dick
The level of concentration of heavy metal in soil is detrimental to soil quality. The Heigangkou-Liuyuankou irrigation area in the lower-reach of Yellow River irrigation, as home to a large population and a major site to agricultural production, is vulnerable to heavy metal pollution. This study examined soil quality in Heigangkou-Liuyuankou irrigation areas of Kaifeng, China. Pollution in soil and potential risks introduced by heavy metal accumulation were assessed using Nemerow, Geoaccumulation, and Hakanson's ecological risk indices...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753995/small-scale-geographical-variation-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-control-study-using-danish-register-data-1971-2013
#19
Kristine Bihrmann, Nete Munk Nielsen, Melinda Magyari, Nils Koch-Henriksen, Rikke Baastrup Nordsborg, Annette Kjær Ersbøll
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) is largely unknown, but commonly assumed to be a complex interaction between genes and environmental exposures, presumably during early life. To evaluate the possible importance and timing of environmental exposures we investigated the spatial variation in the risk of MS in Denmark according to residence at birth, age 15, and clinical onset of disease. METHODS: We carried out a nationwide, register-based case-control study including 12 993 Danish MS cases with onset of disease 1971-2013...
May 4, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752497/motorized-activity-on-legacy-seismic-lines-a-predictive-modeling-approach-to-prioritize-restoration-efforts
#20
M L Hornseth, K E Pigeon, D MacNearney, T A Larsen, G Stenhouse, J Cranston, L Finnegan
Natural regeneration of seismic lines, cleared for hydrocarbon exploration, is slow and often hindered by vegetation damage, soil compaction, and motorized human activity. There is an extensive network of seismic lines in western Canada which is known to impact forest ecosystems, and seismic lines have been linked to declines in woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou). Seismic line restoration is costly, but necessary for caribou conservation to reduce cumulative disturbance. Understanding where motorized activity may be impeding regeneration of seismic lines will aid in prioritizing restoration...
May 11, 2018: Environmental Management
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