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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353114/toxic-hazards-of-ammonia-release-and-population-vulnerability-assessment-using-geographical-information-system
#1
N S Anjana, A Amarnath, M V Harindranathan Nair
Today, chemical industries manufacture, store and transport evermore hazardous substances and hence the risk of accidental releases of these chemicals can become more and more catastrophic in the context of increasing population and their requirements. The damage potential is proportional to the population characteristics of the location as well as various meteorological factors and geographical features. For the risk assessment of ammonia toxicity, the storage facility at Eloor industrial area is taken as a sample...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350506/electronic-health-record-super-users-and-under-users-in-ambulatory-care-practices
#2
Juliet Rumball-Smith, Paul Shekelle, Cheryl L Damberg
OBJECTIVES: This study explored variation in the extent of use of electronic health record (EHR)-based health information technology (IT) functionalities across US ambulatory care practices. Use of health IT functionalities in ambulatory care is important for delivering high-quality care, including that provided in coordination with multiple practitioners. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from the 2014 Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society Analytics survey...
January 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349106/the-wildland-urban-interface-raster-dataset-of-catalonia
#3
Fermín J Alcasena, Cody R Evers, Cristina Vega-Garcia
We provide the wildland urban interface (WUI) map of the autonomous community of Catalonia (Northeastern Spain). The map encompasses an area of some 3.21 million ha and is presented as a 150-m resolution raster dataset. Individual housing location, structure density and vegetation cover data were used to spatially assess in detail the interface, intermix and dispersed rural WUI communities with a geographical information system. Most WUI areas concentrate in the coastal belt where suburban sprawl has occurred nearby or within unmanaged forests...
April 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342852/atmospheric-environment-vulnerability-cause-analysis-for-the-beijing-tianjin-hebei-metropolitan-region
#4
Yang Zhang, Jing Shen, Yu Li
Assessing and quantifying atmospheric vulnerability is a key issue in urban environmental protection and management. This paper integrated the Analytical hierarchy process (AHP), fuzzy synthesis evaluation and Geographic Information System (GIS) spatial analysis into an Exposure-Sensitivity-Adaptive capacity (ESA) framework to quantitatively assess atmospheric environment vulnerability in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region with spatial and temporal comparisons. The elaboration of the relationships between atmospheric environment vulnerability and indices of exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity supports enable analysis of the atmospheric environment vulnerability...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342451/decadal-changes-in-the-edible-supply-of-seafood-and-methylmercury-exposure-in-the-united-states
#5
Elsie M Sunderland, Miling Li, Kurt Bullard
BACKGROUND: Methylmercury (MeHg) exposure is associated with adverse effects on neurodevelopment and cardiovascular health. Previous work indicates most MeHg is from marine fish sold in the commercial market, but does not fully resolve supply regions globally. This information is critical for linking changes in environmental MeHg levels to human exposure in the U.S. population. OBJECTIVES: We used available data to estimate the geographic origins of seafood consumed in the United States (major ocean basins, coastal fisheries, aquaculture, freshwater) and how shifts in edible supply affected MeHg exposures between 2000-2002 and 2010-2012...
January 16, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342444/scarlet-fever-epidemic-in-china-caused-by-streptococcus-pyogenes-serotype-m12-epidemiologic-and-molecular-analysis
#6
Yuanhai You, Mark R Davies, Melinda Protani, Liam McIntyre, Mark J Walker, Jianzhong Zhang
From 2011, Hong Kong and mainland China have witnessed a sharp increase in reported cases, with subsequent reports of epidemic scarlet fever in North Asia and the United Kingdom. Here we examine epidemiological data and investigate the genomic context of the predominantly serotype M12 Streptococcus pyogenes scarlet fever isolates from mainland China. Incident case data was obtained from the Chinese Nationwide Notifiable Infectious Diseases Reporting Information System. The relative risk of scarlet fever in recent outbreak years 2011-2016 was calculated using the median age-standardised incidence rate, compared to years 2003-2010 prior this outbreak...
January 11, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340259/relationships-between-road-distance-to-primary-care-facilities-and-ischemic-heart-disease-and-stroke-mortality-in-hokkaido-japan-a-bayesian-hierarchical-approach-to-ecological-count-data
#7
Yasuaki Saijo, Eiji Yoshioka, Yasuyuki Kawanishi, Yoshihiko Nakagi, Sharon J B Hanley, Takahiko Yoshida
Objective: Poor access to a primary care physician may lead to poor control of risk factors for disease. This study investigated whether geographic access to a primary care physician was related to ischemic heart disease and stroke mortality. Methods: Road-distances from the centroids of the basic unit blocks of the 2010 Japanese Census to the nearest primary care facilities in Hokkaido, northern Japan, were measured using geographic information system (GIS) software...
January 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338012/using-geospatial-techniques-to-develop-an-emergency-referral-transport-system-for-suspected-sepsis-patients-in-bangladesh
#8
Atique Iqbal Chowdhury, Rafiqul Haider, Abu Yousuf Md Abdullah, Aliki Christou, Nabeel Ashraf Ali, Ahmed Ehsnaur Rahman, Afrin Iqbal, Sanwarul Bari, D M Emdadul Hoque, Shams El Arifeen, Niranjan Kissoon, Charles P Larson
BACKGROUND: A geographic information system (GIS)-based transport network within an emergency referral system can be the key to reducing health system delays and increasing the chances of survival, especially during an emergency. We employed a GIS to design an emergency transport system for the rapid transfer of pregnant or early post-partum women, newborns, and children under 5 years of age with suspected sepsis under the Interrupting Pathways to Sepsis Initiative (IPSI) project. METHODS: A GIS database was developed by mapping the villages, roads, and relevant physical features of the study area...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329532/functionality-of-hospital-information-systems-results-from-a-survey-of-quality-directors-at-turkish-hospitals
#9
Mehmet Saluvan, Al Ozonoff
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine availability of core Hospital Information Systems (HIS) functions implemented in Turkish hospitals and the perceived importance of these functions on quality and patient safety. METHODS: We surveyed quality directors (QDs) at civilian hospitals in the nation of Turkey. Data were collected via web survey using an instrument with 50 items describing core functionality of HIS. We calculated mean availability of each function, mean and median values of perceived impact on quality, and we investigated the relationship between availability and perceived importance...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321867/high-site-fidelity-and-restricted-ranging-patterns-in-southern-australian-bottlenose-dolphins
#10
Cecilia Passadore, Luciana Möller, Fernando Diaz-Aguirre, Guido J Parra
Information on site fidelity and ranging patterns of wild animals is critical to understand how they use their environment and guide conservation and management strategies. Delphinids show a wide variety of site fidelity and ranging patterns. Between September 2013 and October 2015, we used boat-based surveys, photographic identification, biopsy sampling, clustering analysis, and geographic information systems to determine the site-fidelity patterns and representative ranges of southern Australian bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops cf...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317811/geographical-distribution-of-copd-prevalence-in-europe-estimated-by-an-inverse-distance-weighting-interpolation-technique
#11
Ignacio Blanco, Isidro Diego, Patricia Bueno, Eloy Fernández, Francisco Casas-Maldonado, Cristina Esquinas, Joan B Soriano, Marc Miravitlles
Existing data on COPD prevalence are limited or totally lacking in many regions of Europe. The geographic information system inverse distance weighted (IDW) interpolation technique has proved to be an effective tool in spatial distribution estimation of epidemiological variables, when real data are few and widely separated. Therefore, in order to represent cartographically the prevalence of COPD in Europe, an IDW interpolation mapping was performed. The point prevalence data provided by 62 studies from 19 countries (21 from 5 Northern European countries, 11 from 3 Western European countries, 14 from 5 Central European countries, and 16 from 6 Southern European countries) were identified using validated spirometric criteria...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317382/accurate-influenza-monitoring-and-forecasting-using-novel-internet-data-streams-a-case-study-in-the-boston-metropolis
#12
Fred Sun Lu, Suqin Hou, Kristin Baltrusaitis, Manan Shah, Jure Leskovec, Rok Sosic, Jared Hawkins, John Brownstein, Giuseppe Conidi, Julia Gunn, Josh Gray, Anna Zink, Mauricio Santillana
BACKGROUND: Influenza outbreaks pose major challenges to public health around the world, leading to thousands of deaths a year in the United States alone. Accurate systems that track influenza activity at the city level are necessary to provide actionable information that can be used for clinical, hospital, and community outbreak preparation. OBJECTIVE: Although Internet-based real-time data sources such as Google searches and tweets have been successfully used to produce influenza activity estimates ahead of traditional health care-based systems at national and state levels, influenza tracking and forecasting at finer spatial resolutions, such as the city level, remain an open question...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316896/substitution-of-care-for-chronic-heart-failure-from-the-hospital-to-the-general-practice-patients-perspectives
#13
J A Wildeboer, A R T van de Ven, D de Boer
BACKGROUND: Shifting care from the secondary to the primary system may present an opportunity to ensure that the increasing number of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) receive high-quality care while containing costs. However, shifting from secondary to primary care might seem radical to patients. A qualitative insight into patients' issues, preferences, expectations and needs may help arrange a smooth transition from secondary to primary care for CHF patients. The aim of this exploratory study is therefore to gain insights into the way CHF patients in secondary care perceive the possibility of substitution of CHF care from secondary to primary care...
January 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316761/-spatial-distribution-of-occupational-disease-prevalence-in-guangzhou-and-foshan-city-by-geographic-information-system
#14
Q Tan, H W Tu, C H Gu, X D Li, R Z Li, M Wang, S G Chen, Y J Cheng, Y M Liu
Objective: To explore the occupational disease spatial distribution characteristics in Guangzhou and Foshan city in 2006-2013 with Geographic Information System and to provide evidence for making control strategy. Methods: The data on occupational disease diagnosis in Guangzhou and Foshan city from 2006 through 2013 were collected and linked to the digital map at administrative county level with Arc GIS12.0 software for spatial analysis. Results: The maps of occupational disease and Moran's spatial autocor-relation analysis showed that the spatial aggregation existed in Shunde and Nanhai region with Moran's index 1...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307066/prevention-of-landfill-pollution-by-multicriteria-spatial-decision-support-systems-mc-sdss-development-implementation-and-case-study
#15
Afshin Khoshand, Ali Hasani Bafrani, Mohammad Zahedipour, Seyed Ahmad Mirbagheri, Majid Ehtehsami
Landfilling of municipal solid waste (MSW) is one of the serious environmental concerns as improper location of MSW landfill site can release the pollutants into the surrounding environment. The process of selecting MSW landfill site is a complicated decision making problem since it is subjected to simultaneous assessment of several environmental criteria, rules, and restrictions besides sociocultural and economic ones. The current study suggests a framework based on Multicriteria spatial decision support systems (MC-SDSS) to select landfill site...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307046/a-study-on-the-use-and-modeling-of-geographical-information-system-for-combating-forest-crimes-an-assessment-of-crimes-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-forests
#16
Mehmet Pak, Sercan Gülci, Arif Okumuş
This study focuses on the geo-statistical assessment of spatial estimation models in forest crimes. Used widely in the assessment of crime and crime-dependent variables, geographic information system (GIS) helps the detection of forest crimes in rural regions. In this study, forest crimes (forest encroachment, illegal use, illegal timber logging, etc.) are assessed holistically and modeling was performed with ten different independent variables in GIS environment. The research areas are three Forest Enterprise Chiefs (Baskonus, Cinarpinar, and Hartlap) affiliated to Kahramanmaras Forest Regional Directorate in Kahramanmaras...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305343/health-information-technology-usability-evaluation-scale-health-itues-for-usability-assessment-of-mobile-health-technology-validation-study
#17
Rebecca Schnall, Hwayoung Cho, Jianfang Liu
BACKGROUND: Mobile technology has become a ubiquitous technology and can be particularly useful in the delivery of health interventions. This technology can allow us to deliver interventions to scale, cover broad geographic areas, and deliver technologies in highly tailored ways based on the preferences or characteristics of users. The broad use of mobile technologies supports the need for usability assessments of these tools. Although there have been a number of usability assessment instruments developed, none have been validated for use with mobile technologies...
January 5, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295536/a-low-cost-approach-to-automatically-obtain-accurate-3d-models-of-woody-crops
#18
José M Bengochea-Guevara, Dionisio Andújar, Francisco L Sanchez-Sardana, Karla Cantuña, Angela Ribeiro
Crop monitoring is an essential practice within the field of precision agriculture since it is based on observing, measuring and properly responding to inter- and intra-field variability. In particular, "on ground crop inspection" potentially allows early detection of certain crop problems or precision treatment to be carried out simultaneously with pest detection. "On ground monitoring" is also of great interest for woody crops. This paper explores the development of a low-cost crop monitoring system that can automatically create accurate 3D models (clouds of coloured points) of woody crop rows...
December 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294735/women-s-mobility-and-the-situational-conditions-of-rape-cases-reported-to-hospitals
#19
Vania Ceccato, Douglas J Wiebe, Bita Eshraghi, Katerina Vrotsou
A third of all rapes in Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, take place in public outdoor places. Yet, little is known about the events that precede this type of sexual offence and less about the situational context of rape. This study aims to improve the understanding of the nature of situational conditions that immediately precede events of rape. Using medical records of 147 rape victims during 2012 and 2013, we constructed time- and place-specific records of the places women traveled through or spent time at, the activities they engaged in, and the people they interacted with sequentially over the course of the day when they were raped...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288816/practical-and-secure-telemedicine-systems-for-user-mobility
#20
Fatemeh Rezaeibagha, Yi Mu
The application of wireless devices has led to a significant improvement in the quality delivery of care in telemedicine systems. Patients who live in a remote area are able to communicate with the healthcare provider and benefit from the doctor consultations. However, it has been a challenge to provide a secure telemedicine system, which captures users (patients and doctors) mobility and patient privacy. In this work, we present several secure protocols for telemedicine systems, which ensure the secure communication between patients and doctors who are located in different geographical locations...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
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