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vegetarian marathon

Katharina Wirnitzer, Tom Seyfart, Claus Leitzmann, Markus Keller, Gerold Wirnitzer, Christoph Lechleitner, Christoph Alexander RĂ¼st, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
BACKGROUND: Beneficial and detrimental effects of various vegetarian and vegan diets on the health status are well known. Considering the growing background numbers of vegetarians and vegans, the number of vegetarian and vegan runners is likely to rise, too. Therefore, the Nutrition and Running High Mileage (NURMI) Study was designed as a comparative study to investigate the prevalence of omnivores, vegetarians, and vegans in running events and to detect potential differences in running performance comparing these three subgroups...
2016: SpringerPlus
Patrick B Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To describe the nutrition behaviors, perceptions, and beliefs of marathoners. METHODS: A survey-based study was conducted with 422 recent marathon finishers (199 men, 223 women). Participants reported their running background, demographics, diets followed, supplements used, and food/fluid intake during their most recent marathon (median 7 days prior), as well as beliefs about hydration, fueling, and sources of nutrition information. RESULTS: Median finishing times were 3:53 (3:26-4:35) and 4:25 (3:50-4:59) h:min for men and women during their most recent marathon...
September 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Wendy J Moore, Daheia Barr-Anderson
This study examined differences in diet, particularly vegetarian and vegan, among ultramarathon and other long distance runners. Participants who had completed a half- (HALF), full- (FULL), or ultramarathon (ULTRA) in the past 12 months were recruited to complete an online survey assessing current diet, reason for diet, and other dietary behaviors. A total of 422 participants completed the survey (n=125 ULTRA, n=152 FULL, n=145 HALF). More ULTRA participants were men (63%) (vs. FULL (37%) and HALF (23%)) and ULTRA participants reported significantly more years of running (16...
October 19, 2015: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Susan I Barr, Suzanne P Murphy, Tanya D Agurs-Collins, Mary I Poos
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) are now available for energy, macronutrients, fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and can be used to plan diets for individuals. This article defines the four DRIs (the Estimated Average Requirement, the Recommended Dietary Allowance, the Adequate Intake, and the Tolerable Upper Intake Level), and describes two other reference standards--the Estimated Energy Requirement and the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range. Planning diets for individuals involves identifying the appropriate nutrient intake goals, translating the nutrient goals into food intake (and supplement use, if warranted), assessing the plan, and revising it if required...
October 2003: Nutrition Reviews
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