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Decompressive craniectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642178/neurological-outcome-after-decompressive-craniectomy-predictors-of-outcome-in-different-pathologies
#1
Taco Goedemans, Dagmar Verbaan, Bert A Coert, Bertjan Kerklaan, René van den Berg, Jonathan M Coutinho, Tessa van Middelaar, Paul J Nederkoorn, W Peter Vandertop, Pepijn van den Munckhof
OBJECTIVE: Decompressive craniectomy (DC) has been proposed as lifesaving treatment in patients with elevated intracranial pressure, but its effectiveness on reaching favorable neurological outcome remains unclear. We identified predictors of outcome in a large, single-center cohort of patients undergoing DC for different pathologies. METHODS: This retrospective study included all patients undergoing DC from 2006-2014. One-year outcome, assessed using the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), was dichotomized into favorable (GOS 4-5) and unfavorable (GOS 1-3) outcome...
June 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637109/closing-the-dura-dural-hitching-versus-surgicel-and-tisseel-overlay-graft-in-craniocervicaldecompression-for-chiari-1-malformation
#2
Michael Tonkins, Naeem Farooqi, Rohan Ahmed, Saurabh Sinha, Debapriya Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: This study compares dural hitching to surgicel and tisseel overlay graft following craniocervical decompression and C1 laminectomy with simple durotomy for Chiari I malformation. Outcome measures were syrinx decompression, headache resolution and complication rates. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of case notes was conducted. Patients who had undergone craniocervical decompression (CCD) were grouped by method of dural closure. Outcomes compared were rates of syrinx decompression, headache resolution, and post-operative complications...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633982/corrigendum-to-does-size-and-site-matter-in-therapeutic-decompressive-craniectomy-a-laboratory-based-experimental-study-world-neurosurgery-95-2016-441-446
#3
Kate Millar, Sam Eljamel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623468/-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-in-polytrauma-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
REVIEW
T Neubauer, W Buchinger, E Höflinger, J Brand
BACKGROUND: The monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) represents a cornerstone in the intensive care of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the industry provides various technical solutions to this end. Decompressive craniectomy can be an option if conservative measures fail to reduce excessive ICP. OBJECTIVE: To examine the pathophysiology of ICP in trauma, the management of polytrauma involving TBI, and the indications for decompressive craniectomy; and to compare the different monitoring systems and their complications...
June 16, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621627/factors-associated-with-shunt-dependent-hydrocephalus-after-decompressive-craniectomy-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Aditya Vedantam, Jose-Miguel Yamal, Hyunsoo Hwang, Claudia S Robertson, Shankar P Gopinath
OBJECTIVE Posttraumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) affects 11.9%-36% of patients undergoing decompressive craniectomy (DC) and is an important cause of morbidity after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Early diagnosis and treatment of PTH can prevent further neurological compromise in patients who are recovering from TBI. There is limited data on predictors of shunting for PTH after DC for TBI. METHODS Prospectively collected data from the erythropoietin severe TBI randomized controlled trial were studied. Demographic, clinical, and imaging data were analyzed for enrolled patients who underwent a DC...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604106/decompressive-craniectomy-for-the-treatment-of-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-infarction
#6
Kapil Mohan Rajwani, Matthew Crocker, Barry Moynihan
INTRODUCTION: Malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction is associated with up to 80% mortality in the first week, despite maximal medical therapy. Decompressive craniectomy (DC) has been shown to improve survival rates in these patients. However, there are concerns that DC prolongs poor quality of life by increasing the number of survivors with major disability. This review will assess if DC in patients with malignant MCA infarction improves functional outcomes compared to maximal medical therapy...
June 12, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600010/hemicraniectomy-for-ischemic-and-hemorrhagic-stroke-facts-and-controversies
#7
REVIEW
Aman Gupta, Mithun G Sattur, Rami James N Aoun, Chandan Krishna, Patrick B Bolton, Brian W Chong, Bart M Demaerschalk, Mark K Lyons, Jamal McClendon, Naresh Patel, Ayan Sen, Kristin Swanson, Richard S Zimmerman, Bernard R Bendok
Malignant large artery stroke is associated with high mortality of 70% to 80% with best medical management. Decompressive craniectomy (DC) is a highly effective tool in reducing mortality. Convincing evidence has accumulated from several randomized trials, in addition to multiple retrospective studies, that demonstrate not only survival benefit but also improved functional outcome with DC in appropriately selected patients. This article explores in detail the evidence for DC, nuances regarding patient selection, and applicability of DC for supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage and posterior fossa ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke...
July 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593628/outcome-of-microsurgical-revascularization-in-patients-with-moyamoya-disease-first-report-from-iranian-population
#8
Abdolkarim Rahmanian, Mohammad Sadehgh Masoudi, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand, Mohammad Hossein Ashraf, Ehsanali Alibai
AIM: The aim of this study was to report the outcome of microsurgical revascularization in patients with moyamoya disease in Southern Iran. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Southern Iran during a 7-year period from 2009 to 2016. All the patients with moyamoya disease (confirmed with digital substraction angiography) who underwent microsurgical revascularization (extracranial-intracranial bypass or synangiosis) were included. All the patients were followed for at least 1 year and the outcome was measured using Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) and modified Rankin scale (MRS)...
May 7, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565992/pipeline-flow-diversion-of-ruptured-blister-aneurysms-of-the-supraclinoid-carotid-artery-using-a-single-device-strategy
#9
Robert W Ryan, Amir S Khan, Rebecca Barco, Armen Choulakian
OBJECTIVE Ruptured blister aneurysms remain challenging lesions for treatment due to their broad, shallow anatomy and thin, fragile wall. Historical challenges with both open microsurgical approaches and intrasaccular endovascular approaches have led to increased use of flow diversion for management of these aneurysms. However, the optimum paradigm, including timing of treatment, use of dual antiplatelet therapy, and number of flow-diverter devices to use remains unknown. The authors describe their experience with ruptured blister aneurysms treated with flow diversion at their institution, and discuss rates of rebleeding and number of devices used...
June 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547518/life-threatening-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-the-cerebellum-treated-by-posterior-fossa-decompression
#10
Yousef Abusabha, Athanasios K Petridis, Bastian Kraus, Marcel A Kamp, Hans-Jakob Steiger, Kerim Beseoglu
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-neuroradiological syndrome associated with various clinical conditions, such as headache, encephalopathy, and seizures. It is reversible if a prompt diagnosis is made and treatment undertaken. We report a 52-year-old male with hypertensive crisis. Progressing somnolence and an unresponsive left pupil occurred. MRI revealed an intra-axial hyperintensity of the cerebellum and brainstem and occlusive hydrocephalus suggestive of encephalitis or a tumor...
July 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531924/in-reply-to-ways-to-improve-outcome-of-decompressive-craniectomy-judicious-utilization-of-microneurosurgical-technique-adjuncts
#11
Paolo Missori, Carlotta Morselli, Maurizio Domenicucci, Simone Peschillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531923/ways-to-improve-outcome-of-decompressive-craniectomy-judicious-utilization-of-microneurosurgical-technique-adjuncts
#12
Guru Dutta Satyarthee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524127/-an-acute-subdural-hematoma-caused-by-rupture-of-a-middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysm
#13
R S Dzhindzhikhadze, O N Dreval', V A Lazarev, R L Kambiev
Acute subdural hematoma caused by cerebral aneurysm rupture is rare. We describe a clinical case of an acute subdural hematoma developed due to rupture of an aneurysm at the M1 segment bifurcation of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). The acute subdural hematoma associated with intracranial hypertension and transtentorial herniation resulted in a comatose condition. The patient underwent decompressive craniectomy, hematoma removal, and clipping of the aneurysm. A significant improvement was observed in the postoperative period...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523082/three-dimensional-printing-custom-made-implants-for-craniomaxillofacial-reconstructive-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Mariana Matias, Horácio Zenha, Horácio Costa
Craniomaxillofacial reconstructive surgery is a challenging field. First it aims to restore primary functions and second to preserve craniofacial anatomical features like symmetry and harmony. Three-dimensional (3D) printed biomodels have been widely adopted in medical fields by providing tactile feedback and a superior appreciation of visuospatial relationship between anatomical structures. Craniomaxillofacial reconstructive surgery was one of the first areas to implement 3D printing technology in their practice...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516363/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-presenting-in-the-anterior-circulation-with-malignant-intracranial-hypertension-requiring-surgical-decompression-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
S Hernández-Durán, A Barrantes-Freer, V Rohde, C von der Brelie
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is thought to result from endothelial dysfunction and breakdown of the blood-brain barrier with subsequent vasogenic edema. Abrupt hypertension has been identified as one of its risk factors. We present a rare case of PRES in the anterior circulation with sudden onset of left hemiparesis and rapid neurological deterioration on the basis of hypertensive crisis. Due to refractory intracranial hypertension, the patient required emergent right decompressive craniectomy...
July 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512621/spontaneous-acute-subdural-hemorrhage-in-a-patient-with-a-tick-borne-bunyavirus-induced-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome
#16
Jihwan Yoo, Ji Woong Oh, Chang Gi Jang, Ju Hyung Moon, Eui-Hyun Kim, Jong Hee Chang, Sun Ho Kim, Seok-Gu Kang
We report the first case of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) and a spontaneous acute subdural hematoma (SDH) in Korea. A 79-year-old male presented with fever and thrombocytopenia. On the third day of hospitalization, his mental changed from drowsy to semi-coma. Brain computed tomography indicated an acute subdural hemorrhage on the right convexity. He was given early decompressive craniectomy, but did not survive. Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis of a blood sample indicated the presence of SFTS virus (SFTSV)...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512613/comparison-of-complications-following-cranioplasty-using-a-sterilized-autologous-bone-flap-or-polymethyl-methacrylate
#17
Sung Hoon Kim, Dong Soo Kang, Jin Hwan Cheong, Jung Hee Kim, Kwan Young Song, Min Ho Kong
OBJECTIVE: The aims of current study are to compare complications following cranioplasty (CP) using either sterilized autologous bone or polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), and to identify the risk factors for two of the most common complications: bone flap resorption (BFR) and surgical site infection (SSI). METHODS: Between January 2004 and December 2013, 127 patients underwent CP and were followed at least 12 months. Variables, including sex, age, initial diagnosis, time interval between decompressive craniectomy (DC) and CP, operation time, size of bone flap, and presence of ventriculo-peritoneal shunt, were analyzed to identify the risk factors for BFR and SSI...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512612/review-of-cranioplasty-after-decompressive-craniectomy
#18
REVIEW
Yong Jun Cho, Suk Hyung Kang
Cranioplasty is an in evitable operation conducted after decompressive craniectomy (DC). The primary goals of cranioplasty after DC are to protect the brain, achieve a natural appearance and prevent sinking skin flap syndrome (or syndrome of the trephined). Furthermore, restoring patients' functional outcome and supplementing external defects helps patients improve their self-esteem. Although early cranioplasty is preferred in recent year, optimal timing for cranioplasty remains a controversial topic. Autologous bone flaps are the most ideal substitute for cranioplasty...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512611/decompressive-craniectomy-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review-article
#19
REVIEW
Ji Won Moon, Dong Keun Hyun
The importance of treating traumatic brain injury (TBI) is well known worldwide. Although many studies have been conducted in this topic, there is still much uncertainty about the effectiveness of surgical treatment in TBI. Recently, good randomized controlled trial (RCT) papers about the effectiveness of decompressive craniectomy (DC) in TBI has been published. In this article, we will review the overall contents of the DC (historical base, surgical technic, rationale, complications) and the results of the recently published RCT paper...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511969/the-current-role-of-decompressive-craniectomy-for-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
REVIEW
S Honeybul, K M Ho, C R P Lind, G R Gillett
There is little doubt that decompressive craniectomy can reduce mortality however, the results of a recent study has provided more evidence to inform the debate regarding clinical and ethical concerns that it merely converts death into survival with severe disability or in a vegetative state. The recently published RESCUEicp trial compared last-tier secondary decompressive craniectomy with continued medical management for refractory intracranial hypertension after severe traumatic brain injury. Patients were randomly assigned to decompressive craniectomy with medical therapy or to receive continued medical therapy with the option of adding barbiturates...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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