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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339041/factors-influencing-women-s-perceptions-of-shared-decision-making-during-labor-and-delivery-results-from-a-large-scale-cohort-study-of-first-childbirth
#1
Laura B Attanasio, Katy B Kozhimannil, Kristen H Kjerulff
OBJECTIVE: To examine correlates of shared decision making during labor and delivery. METHODS: Data were from a cohort of women who gave birth to their first baby in Pennsylvania, 2009-2011 (N = 3006). We used logistic regression models to examine the association between labor induction and mode of delivery in relation to women's perceptions of shared decision making, and to investigate race/ethnicity and SES as potential moderators. RESULTS: Women who were Black and who did not have a college degree or private insurance were less likely to report high shared decision making, as well as women who underwent labor induction, instrumental vaginal or cesarean delivery...
January 5, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338094/postnatal-experiences-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#2
C E Eades, E F France, J M M Evans
AIM: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at increased risk of Type 2 diabetes. This study aimed to explore experiences, knowledge and perceptions of women with GDM to inform the design of interventions to prevent or delay Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 16 women with GDM who were recruited from a clinic in one Scottish health board. A framework approach was used to manage and analyse data according to themes informed by psychological theory (self-regulation model and theory of planned behaviour)...
January 16, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302327/uptake-and-predictors-of-early-postnatal-follow-up-care-amongst-mother-baby-pairs-in-south-africa-results-from-three-population-based-surveys-2010-2013
#3
Anna Larsen, Mireille Cheyip, Getahun Aynalem, Thu-Ha Dinh, Debra Jackson, Nobubelo Ngandu, Witness Chirinda, Mary Mogashoa, Gupreet Kindra, Carl Lombard, Ameena Goga
Background: Achieving World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations for postnatal care (PNC) within the first few weeks of life is vital to eliminating early mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) and improving infant health. Almost half of the annual global deaths among children under five occur during the first six weeks of life. This study aims to identify uptake of three PNC visits within the first six weeks of life as recommended by WHO among South African mother-infant pairs, and factors associated with uptake...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300197/effectiveness-of-sucrose-used-routinely-for-pain-relief-and-neonatal-clinical-risk-in-preterm-infants-a-nonrandomized-study
#4
Beatriz Oliveira Valeri, Cláudia Maria Gaspardo, Francisco Eulógio Martinez, Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants (PI) requiring the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) are exposed to early repetitive pain/distress. Little is known about how pain relief strategies interact with infants'clinical health status, such as severity of illness with pain responses. This study aimed to examine main and interactive effects of routine sucrose intervention and neonatal clinical risk (NCR) on biobehavioral pain reactivity-recovery in PI during painful blood collection procedures. METHODS: Very-low birthweight PI (n=104) were assigned to Low and High Clinical Risk Groups, according to the Clinical Risk Index for Babies...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300195/expressing-human-milk-in-the-nicu-coping-mechanisms-and-challenges-shape-the-complex-experience-of-closeness-and-separation
#5
Maude Bujold, Nancy Feeley, Anna Axelin, Claudia Cinquino
BACKGROUND: Human milk has multiple benefits for human health; however, rates of infants receiving human milk at discharge in Canadian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) are far below recommendations of the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative supported by the Canadian Pediatric Association. Mothers of infants requiring NICU care usually need to express their milk, especially mothers of premature infants, since for some time their infant is unable to feed directly at the breast. Expressing human milk for an extended period can be challenging for mothers...
January 3, 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300153/bifidobacterium-catulorum-sp-nov-a-novel-taxon-from-the-faeces-of-the-baby-common-marmoset-callithrix-jacchus
#6
Monica Modesto, Samanta Michelini, Kaihei Oki, Bruno Biavati, Koichi Watanabe, Paola Mattarelli
In our previous study based on hsp60 PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism and 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we stated that the bifidobacterial strains isolated from the individual faecal samples of five baby common marmosets constituted different phylogenetically isolated groups of the genus Bifidobacterium. In that study, we also proposed that these isolated groups potentially represented novel species of the genus Bifidobacterium. Out of them, Bifidobacterium aesculapii, Bifidobacterium myosotis, Bifidobacterium tissieri and Bifidobacterium hapali, have been described recently...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298021/implementing-community-baby-showers-to-address-infant-mortality-in-oklahoma
#7
Timothy Thornberry, Jennifer Han, Linda Thomas
IMPORTANCE: Oklahoma has one of the highest rates of infant mortality and poor birth outcomes in the U.S., particularly among minority populations. OBJECTIVES: To describe the formation and implementation of a state-led infant mortality prevention program which sought to: educate minorities about their disproportionate risk for infant mortality; improve pregnancy, infancy, and early childhood outcomes; and prevent infant mortality. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants completed one of many community baby shower events and were evaluated pre- and post-shower on infant mortality and well-baby knowledge...
March 2017: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285437/the-effect-of-electromagnetic-radiation-due-to-mobile-phone-use-on-thyroid-function-in-medical-students-studying-in-a-medical-college-in-south-india
#8
Nikita Mary Baby, George Koshy, Anna Mathew
Background: Enormous increase in mobile phone use throughout the world raises widespread concerns about its possible detrimental effect on human health. Radiofrequency waves are emitted by cell phones. They are non-ionising and the effect on the thyroid gland is part of their non thermal effects. The thyroid gland may be particularly vulnerable to this effect because of its normal anatomical position. Materials and Methods: The study was done to explore the association between radiation exposure and thyroid dysfunction among mobile phone users...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282072/a-pilot-study-to-understand-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-stool-and-cord-blood-sample-collection-for-a-large-scale-longitudinal-birth-cohort
#9
S R Bailey, C L Townsend, H Dent, C Mallet, E Tsaliki, E M Riley, M Noursadeghi, T D Lawley, A J Rodger, P Brocklehurst, N Field
BACKGROUND: Few data are available to guide biological sample collection around the time of birth for large-scale birth cohorts. We are designing a large UK birth cohort to investigate the role of infection and the developing immune system in determining future health and disease. We undertook a pilot to develop methodology for the main study, gain practical experience of collecting samples, and understand the acceptability of sample collection to women in late pregnancy. METHODS: Between February-July 2014, we piloted the feasibility and acceptability of collecting maternal stool, baby stool and cord blood samples from participants recruited at prolonged pregnancy and planned pre-labour caesarean section clinics at University College London Hospital...
December 28, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278959/the-influence-of-maternal-life-stressors-on-breastfeeding-outcomes-a-us-population-based-study
#10
Panagiota Kitsantas, Kathleen F Gaffney, Lavanya Nirmalraj, Mehmet Sari
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of maternal financial, emotional, traumatic and partner-associated stressors on breastfeeding initiation and duration. METHODS: Data (216 756 records) from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System surveys were used in the analysis. Logistic regressions were conducted to estimate the magnitude and direction of associations between maternal stressors occurring in the 12 months prior to infant birth and both breastfeeding initiation and duration up to 4 weeks infant age...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258452/how-can-we-make-international-comparisons-of-infant-mortality-in-high-income-countries-based-on-aggregate-data-more-relevant-to-policy
#11
Ania Zylbersztejn, Ruth Gilbert, Anders Hjern, Pia Hardelid
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality rates are commonly used to compare the health of populations. Observed differences are often attributed to variation in child health care quality. However, any differences are at least partly explained by variation in the prevalence of risk factors at birth, such as low birth weight. This distinction is important for designing interventions to reduce infant mortality. We suggest a simple method for decomposing inter-country differences in crude infant mortality rates into two metrics representing risk factors operating before and after birth...
December 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251599/three-parent-baby-is-it-ethical
#12
Neha Dahiya, Suneela Garg
The UK was the first country to legalise mitochondrial donation in October 2015. In 2016, the first three-parent baby was born in Mexico and the US Food and Drug Administration declared that further research on mitochondrial donation is ethically permissible. It has now become an important issue, raising as it does, the spectre of "genetically modified designer babies".
November 14, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246382/promote-breastfeeding-in-the-outpatient-setting-it-s-easy
#13
Natasha K Sriraman
The numerous benefits for both mother and baby of breastfeeding are evidence-based and well-defined. Breastmilk is the physiologic norm for infant nutrition, offering multiple health benefits and protections for mothers and babies. Although major medical and health organizations, which represent the health of women and children, such as the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), American Academy of Family Practice (AAFP), Centers for Disease Control (CDC), UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Public Health Service (NPHS), all recommend exclusive breastfeeding, few women meet the recommended goals for duration and exclusivity, despite high initiation rates...
December 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237439/supporting-men-through-their-transition-to-fatherhood-with-messages-delivered-to-their-smartphones-a-feasibility-study-of-sms4dads
#14
Richard Fletcher, Francis Kay-Lambkin, Chris May, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Attia, Lucy Leigh
BACKGROUND: The transition to parenthood can be a challenging time, in which both mothers and fathers experience increased risk of distress and depression. Mothers are more likely than fathers to engage with services and have their mental health monitored and attended to during the perinatal period. The present study aimed to explore whether smartphone technology could be used to address fathers' needs across their transition to fatherhood. METHODS: A corpus of messages, including linked information and mood tracking software, was designed to support and enhance paternal relationships with their babies, their partners and themselves across the perinatal period...
December 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226192/qualitative-assessment-of-pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-infant-sleep-boxes
#15
Carolyn R Ahlers-Schmidt, Christy Schunn, Michelle L Redmond, Sharla Smith, Molly Brown, Stephanie N Kuhlmann, Matthew Engel, Mary Benton
Although several states have implemented programs providing boxes for infant sleep, safe sleep experts express concern regarding the paucity of safety and efficacy research on boxes. The purpose of this study was to assess pregnant women's perceptions regarding use of baby sleep boxes. A convenience sample was recruited from a community prenatal education program. Twenty-eight women were administered a brief semistructured interview about their knowledge of baby sleep boxes, opinions about the boxes, and questions they would have...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212457/the-decision-delivery-interval-in-emergency-caesarean-section-and-its-associated-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-at-a-referral-hospital-in-northern-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Birjna A Hirani, Bariki L Mchome, Nicholaus S Mazuguni, Michael J Mahande
BACKGROUND: Decision delivery interval (DDI) is the time line between a decision to conduct an emergency caesarean section and actual delivery of the baby. Prolong DDI constitute a third phase delay in provision of emergency obstetric care. Intervention designed to minimize DDI are vital, in attempt to prevent maternal morbidity and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The feasibility and practicability of the recommended DDI in recent studies have been questioned especially in limited resource setting and therefore the objective of our study was to determine the DDI and its associated fetalmaternal outcomes at a tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania...
December 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211385/bringing-babies-and-breasts-into-workplaces-support-for-breastfeeding-mothers-in-workplaces-and-childcare-services-at-the-australian-national-university
#17
Julie Smith, Sara Javanparast, Lyn Craig
In 1999, two leading Australian academics challenged Australian universities to lead moves to better manage employees' maternity and breastfeeding needs, and 'bring babies and breasts into workplaces'. This paper addresses the question of how universities cope with the need for women to breastfeed, by exploring barriers facing women who combine breastfeeding and paid work at the Australian National University (ANU). Data were collected through online surveys in 2013 using mixed method, case study design, nested within a larger national study...
March 2017: Breastfeeding Review: Professional Publication of the Nursing Mothers' Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203023/identifying-compensatory-driving-behavior-among-older-adults-using-the-situational-avoidance-questionnaire
#18
Jessica J Davis, Elizabeth G Conlon
INTRODUCTION: Driving self-regulation is considered a means through which older drivers can compensate for perceived declines in driving skill or more general feelings of discomfort on the road. One form of driving self-regulation is situational avoidance, the purposeful avoidance of situations perceived as challenging or potentially hazardous. This study aimed to validate the Situational Avoidance Questionnaire (SAQ, Davis, Conlon, Ownsworth, & Morrissey, 2016) and identify the point on the scale at which drivers practicing compensatory avoidance behavior could be distinguished from those whose driving is unrestricted, or who are avoiding situations for other, non-compensatory reasons (e...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202393/designing-a-lifestyle-intervention-to-reduce-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-postpartum-mothers-following-gestational-diabetes-an-online-survey-with-mothers-and-health-professionals
#19
Amanda P Moore, Maria I D'Amico, Natalie A M Cooper, Shakila Thangaratinam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify what components of a postpartum lifestyle intervention would engage postpartum mothers who had a diagnosis of gestational diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: Two online surveys were conducted, one involving postnatal mothers with GDM (n=83), and a second for health professionals (n=46). RESULTS: Seventy-eight percent of mothers were aware that healthy eating, exercise and weight management were all important to reduce risk of subsequent type 2 diabetes...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201117/the-effect-of-baby-walker-on-child-development-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Shervin Badihian, Negin Adihian, Omid Yaghini
Objective: Baby walkers are used all around the world as fun equipment without any dangers. In contrast with public beliefs, some researchers have claimed they can cause developmental delay. We aimed to investigate their effect on child development through a systematic review. Materials & Methods: We searched PubMed, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and Scopus for related articles in English and included all study designs. All articles, which fulfilled the inclusion criteria, were included without considering the year of publication...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
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