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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910160/the-experiences-of-fathers-when-their-partners-are-admitted-with-their-infants-to-a-psychiatric-mother-and-baby-unit
#1
Holly Reid, Angelika Wieck, Andrew Matrunola, Anja Wittkowski
: Mothers with severe post-natal mental illness can be admitted with their infant to a psychiatric mother and baby unit (MBU) in the UK. MBUs provide specialist assessment, management and support. Partners of women admitted to MBUs are integral to their recovery but may show reduced wellbeing themselves, yet their support needs have not been investigated. This study aimed to identify how fathers experience the MBU and how they felt supported. A qualitative design was adopted by using a purposive sample of 17 fathers, recruited from a MBU during their partner's admission...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907899/reducing-the-number-of-fetuses-in-a-pregnancy-providers-and-patients-views-of-challenges
#2
Robert L Klitzman
STUDY QUESTION: How do patients and providers perceive and make decisions about possible reductions of multi-fetal pregnancies? SUMMARY ANSWER: Physicians may be transferring additional embryos, assuming that patients will later undergo reduction if need be; but decisions to reduce pregnancies are difficult for patients, who may agree to undergo the procedure in advance and later renege. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN: Implanting more than one embryo increases the likelihood that at least one embryo will successfully lead to a child but also that the patient may end up with twins or higher-order multiple births...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905664/video-ethnography-during-and-after-caesarean-sections-methodological-challenges
#3
Jeni Stevens, Virginia Schmied, Elaine Burns, Hannah G Dahlen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper will describe the challenges of, and steps taken to successfully collect video ethnographic data during and after caesarean sections. BACKGROUND: Video ethnographic research utilises real-time video footage to study a cultural group or phenomenon in the natural environment. It allows researchers to discover previously undocumented practices, which in-turn provides insight into strengths and weaknesses in practice. This knowledge can be used to translate evidence-based interventions into practice...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883878/effect-of-the-postpartum-hospital-environment-on-the-attainment-of-mothers-and-fathers-goals
#4
Jenny Gaboury, Shalisa Capaday, Jennifer Somera, Margaret Purden
OBJECTIVE: To describe mothers' and fathers' goals in the postpartum period and how the hospital environment enables or hinders the attainment of these goals. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive design was used to explore participants' perceptions. SETTING: Mothers and fathers were recruited on the postpartum unit of an urban hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Ten mothers and eight fathers participated. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with mothers and fathers individually...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870578/utilizing-a-newly-designed-scale-for-evaluating-family-support-and-its-association-with-exclusive-breastfeeding
#5
Xiu Zhu, Luyan Liu, Yan Wang
BACKGROUND: Although a woman's perception of her family members' support has long been established to be an influential factor on exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), it still has not been specified and quantified as a facilitator and guidance for practice. OBJECTIVE: To investigate in new mothers the association between EBF and maternal perception of family support with a standardized scale that classified support into nine items of behavioral or psychological support...
November 21, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866316/epidemiology-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-within-the-uk-refining-the-risk-factors
#6
Timothy Woodacre, Thomas Ball, Peter Cox
PURPOSE: The epidemiology and risk factors for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) are still being refined. We investigated the local epidemiology of DDH in order to define incidence, identify risk factors, and refine our policy on selective ultrasound screening. METHODS: With a cohort study design, data were prospectively recorded on all live births in our region from January 1998 to December 2008. We compared data on babies treated for DDH with data for all other children...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865013/dancing-around-families-neonatal-nurses-and-child-protection
#7
Tina Saltmarsh, Denise Wilson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the processes neonatal intensive care nurses used in their child protection role with pre-term infants. BACKGROUND: Neonatal nurses' screening for family violence is important in identifying at-risk preterm infants requiring protection upon discharge from neonatal intensive care settings. We know little about neonatal nurses and their role in child protection. DESIGN: A qualitative research design using Glaserian Grounded Theory...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852328/a-pilot-program-of-knowledge-translation-and-implementation-for-newborn-resuscitation-using-us-peace-corps-volunteers-in-rural-madagascar
#8
Kristin Close, Michele Karel, Michelle White
BACKGROUND: Prevention of adverse perinatal outcome using the Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) neonatal resuscitation algorithm can reduce perinatal mortality in low income settings. Mercy Ships is a non-governmental organisation providing free healthcare education in sub-Saharan Africa and in an attempt to reach more rural areas of Madagascar with our neonatal resuscitation training we designed a novel approach in collaboration with US Peace Corps Volunteers (PCV). PCVs work in rural areas and contribute to locally determined public health initiatives...
November 16, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843833/effect-of-mother-infant-pair-s-latch-on-position-on-child-s-health-a-lesson-for-nursing-care
#9
Harshdeep Joshi, Pushpendra Magon, Sunil Raina
BACKGROUND: Effective breastfeeding is a function of the proper positioning of mother and baby and attachment of child to the mother's breast. Positioning of the baby's body is important for good attachment and successful breastfeeding. The study was planned to assess mother-infant pair latch on position and its impact on health status of the child. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was community-based cross-sectional study conducted among 1267 children between age group of 0-24 months in the urban and rural field practice areas of the Department of Community Medicine, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829395/improving-the-care-pathway-for-women-who-request-caesarean-section-an-experience-based-co-design-study
#10
Sara L Kenyon, Nina Johns, Sandhya Duggal, Ruth Hewston, Nicola Gale
BACKGROUND: Maternal request for Caesarean section is controversial and yet the NICE Caesarean section Guideline recommends that that if this is requested, following discussion of the risks and benefits, women should be supported in their choice. There was a desire to improve the pathway at Birmingham Women's NHS Foundation Trust. METHODS: Experience-based co-design methodology uses service user and clinicians experiences collected using qualitative methods to jointly re-design services...
November 9, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829393/advice-given-by-community-members-to-pregnant-women-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Bianca A Verma, Lauren P Nichols, Melissa A Plegue, Michelle H Moniz, Manisha Rai, Tammy Chang
BACKGROUND: Smoking and excess weight gain during pregnancy have been shown to have serious health consequences for both mothers and their infants. Advice from friends and family on these topics influences pregnant women's behaviors. The purpose of our study was to compare the advice that community members give pregnant women about smoking versus the advice they give about pregnancy weight gain. METHODS: A survey was sent via text messaging to adults in a diverse, low-income primary care clinic in 2015...
November 9, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818283/a-tailored-video-intervention-to-reduce-smoking-and-environmental-tobacco-exposure-during-and-after-pregnancy-rationale-design-and-methods-of-baby-s-breath
#12
Patricia Markham Risica, Adam Gavarkovs, Donna R Parker, Ernestine Jennings, Maureen Phipps
Low-cost interventions to decrease environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure of pregnant women and their newborns are needed to lower health risks of exposed fetuses and infants. Baby's Breath is a tailored video intervention developed and tested in a randomized controlled trial. The study aimed to test the efficacy of tailored video versus usual care approaches to reduce the ETS exposure of fetuses of low-income women during and after pregnancy; and to assess this intervention separately among non-smoking and smoking women...
November 4, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808413/a-new-solution-for-neonatal-bilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-endoscopic-arytenoid-abduction-lateropexy
#13
Shahram Madani, Ádám Bach, Vera Matievics, Eszter Erdélyi, Balázs Sztanó, Ilona Szegesdi, Paul F Castellanos, László Rovó
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Bilateral vocal cord paralysis in early childhood is a life-threatening condition, which often requires immediate intervention. One of the treatment options is a quick, reversible simple suture vocal cord lateralizing technique, whereby the arytenoid cartilage is directly lateralized to the normal abducted position. Considering pediatric laryngeal anatomy, a small endolaryngeal thread guide instrument was designed for precise suture insertion. STUDY DESIGN: New instrument validation...
November 3, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795658/outcomes-of-a-comparison-study-into-a-group-based-infant-parenting-programme
#14
Catrin Hedd Jones, Mihela Erjavec, Simon Viktor, Judy Hutchings
This paper reports on a quantitative evaluation of a group-based programme designed to promote parent-infant attachment and child development. Whilst group-based parenting programmes are recommended for treating and preventing conduct disorder in older children, there is, as yet, little evidence as to whether they have a positive effect on very young children and their carers'. Recent UK Government initiatives to support families and improve parenting skills in the first 2 years of children's lives have increased the demand for the delivery and evaluation of community-based programmes...
2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793111/bipolar-disorder-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes
#15
Marie Rusner, Marie Berg, Cecily Begley
BACKGROUND: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a mental disorder usually diagnosed between 18 and 30 years of age; this coincides with the period when many women experience pregnancy and childbirth. As specific problems have been reported in pregnancy and childbirth when the mother has BD, a systematic review was carried out to summarise the outcomes of pregnancy and childbirth, in mother and child, when the mother has BD diagnosed before pregnancy. METHODS: An a priori protocol was designed and a systematic search conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, PsycINFO and Cochrane databases in March 2015...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788416/effectiveness-of-a-theory-based-breastfeeding-promotion-intervention-on-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-china-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Yanhong Gu, Yu Zhu, Zhihong Zhang, Hongwei Wan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of a designed intervention programme on the promotion of exclusive breast feeding during 6 months post partum among Chinese primiparous women, based on the theory of planned behaviour. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A tertiary hospital in Shanghai, China. PARTICIPANTS: Chinese primiparous women who were able to breastfed their babies and companied by either husband or mothers...
September 22, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779814/use-and-evaluation-of-postpartum-care-services-in-rural-malawi
#17
Yenupini Joyce Adams, Manfred Stommel, Adejoke Ayoola, Mildred Horodynski, Address Malata, Barbara Smith
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine women's evaluation of postpartum care services (postpartum clinical assessments, health education, and midwife kindness) received from midwives prior to discharge in rural health facilities, and to examine husband-and-wife-farmer dyads' reasons for their decisions to return or not return for 1-week postpartum care visits in rural central Malawi. DESIGN: Cross-sectional matched-pairs survey design. METHODS: Participants included a convenience sample of 70 husband-and-wife-farmer dyads living in rural communities who had a live birth in the past year at one of four health facilities in Ntcheu district, central Malawi...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776495/lessons-learned-from-the-pmtct-program-in-swaziland-challenges-with-accepting-lifelong-art-for-pregnant-and-lactating-women-a-qualitative-study
#18
Leila Katirayi, Caspian Chouraya, Kwashie Kudiabor, Mohammed Ali Mahdi, Mary Pat Kieffer, Karen Marie Moland, Thorkild Tylleskar
BACKGROUND: Swaziland has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in sub-Saharan Africa, 26 % of the adult population is infected with HIV. The prevalence is highest among pregnant women, at 41.1 %. According to Swaziland's prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) guidelines, approximately 50 % of pregnant women are eligible for antiretroviral therapy (ART) by CD4 criteria (<350 cells/ml). Studies have shown that most mother-to-child transmission and postnatal deaths occur among women who are eligible for ART...
October 24, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766969/the-baby-friendly-hospital-initiative-and-breastfeeding-at-birth-in-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Márcia Lazaro de Carvalho, Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, Maria do Carmo Leal
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding in the first hour after birth is important for the success of breastfeeding and in reducing neonatal mortality. Government policies are being developed in this direction, highlighting the accreditation of hospitals in the Baby-Friendly Hospital (BFH) initiative. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between delivery in a BFH (main exposure), compared to non BFH, and timely initiation of breastfeeding (outcome). METHODS: Data came from the "Birth in Brazil" survey, a nationwide hospital-based study of postpartum women and their newborns, coordinated by the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation...
October 17, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757141/prevalence-of-timely-breastfeeding-initiation-and-associated-factors-in-dembecha-district-north-west-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Abebe Bimerew, Muluken Teshome, Getachew Mullu Kassa
BACKGROUND: Early initiation of breastfeeding is a simple and cost effective intervention to advance the health of mothers and newborn babies. A large number of neonatal deaths could be prevented if infants were breastfed. However, there is poor practice related to breastfeeding initiation within the first one hour of birth, and the factors affecting it are not well understood. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of timely breastfeeding initiation and associated factors in Dembecha district, North West Ethiopia...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
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