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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913132/the-incidence-risk-factors-and-mortality-of-preterm-neonates-a-prospective-study-from-jordan-2012-2013
#1
Nadin M Abdel Razeq, Yousef S Khader, Anwar M Batieha
OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence of preterm delivery, maternal risk factors for having a preterm neonate, and preterm neonates' mortality in Jordan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based design was applied. Socio-demographic, perinatal, delivery risk factors, and survival information were gathered in pre- and post-hospital discharge interviews with 21075 women who gave birth to live neonates at ≥20 weeks of gestation in 18 hospitals in Jordan...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898324/-probiotics-innocuousness-prevention-and-risks
#2
Oscar Brunser
Probiotics have been defined as live microorganisms which, when ingested in adequate numbers, confer health benefits to the host. They are currently consumed without any age restrictions and adverse effects such as sepsis, a marker of the risk of invasion of the bloodstream, are extremely infrequent. However, some health professionals express doubts about probiotics being truly innocuous. This review discusses the incidence of sepsis secondary to probiotics use, mainly lactobacilli and bifidobacteria, evaluated through molecular biology or classic culture techniques, showing that sepsis in large numbers of individuals along decennia is extremely low, of the order of 0,02% en some centers or as low as 1 case/million population in France...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893291/preference-for-cesarean-section-in-young-nulligravid-women-in-eight-oecd-countries-and-implications-for-reproductive-health-education
#3
Kathrin H Stoll, Yvonne L Hauck, Soo Downe, Deborah Payne, Wendy A Hall
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce unnecessary Cesarean sections (CS) in high and middle income countries have focused on changing hospital cultures and policies, care provider attitudes and behaviors, and increasing women's knowledge about the benefits of vaginal birth. These strategies have been largely ineffective. Despite evidence that women have well-developed preferences for mode of delivery prior to conceiving their first child, few studies and no interventions have targeted the next generation of maternity care consumers...
September 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891110/protein-digestion-of-baby-foods-study-approaches-and-implications-for-infant-health
#4
REVIEW
Junai Gan, Gail M Bornhorst, Bethany M Henrick, J Bruce German
Protein digestion is critical for infants. Dissimilarities between infants and adults in food intake and digestive physiology lead to distinct patterns of proteolysis between individuals. However, such differences are not well represented in many studies on protein digestion of baby foods. The complex biological structures of baby foods and the physiology of the infant digestive system are key factors affecting proteolysis during the first two years of life. Well-controlled in vitro studies have demonstrated that varying digestion conditions alter the specificity, rate, and extent of proteolysis of baby foods...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888353/preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-and-screening-current-status-and-future-challenges
#5
REVIEW
Hsin-Fu Chen, Shee-Uan Chen, Gwo-Chin Ma, Sung-Tsang Hsieh, Horng-Der Tsai, Yu-Shih Yang, Ming Chen
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a clinically feasible technology to prevent the transmission of monogenic inherited disorders in families afflicted the diseases to the future offsprings. The major technical hurdle is it does not have a general formula for all mutations, thus different gene locus needs individualized, customized design to make the diagnosis accurate enough to be applied on PGD, in which the quantity of DNA is scarce, whereas timely result is sometimes requested if fresh embryo transfer is desired...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884798/neonatal-skin-care-what-should-we-do-a-four-week-follow-up-randomized-controlled-trial-at-zagazig-university-hospitals
#6
Mohamed Amer, Nagwa Diab, Mohamed Soliman, Amin Amer
INTRODUCTION: Taking care of newborn skin is necessary to avoid skin infections. The normal daily exposure to external factors affects the skin negatively. Skin hygiene and proper skin cleansing as well as protection of the infant skin barrier are essential to maintain barrier function and overall infant health. AIM: The aim of this work is to assess the neonatal skin care effectiveness in promotion of normal skin development and protection of the optimal skin function by avoiding the different neonatal skin disorders which cause skin infection...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882767/optimization-of-alginate-microcapsules-containing-cells-overexpressing-%C3%AE-l-iduronidase-using-box-behnken-design
#7
Dirnete Diel, Valeska Lizzi Lagranha, Roselena Silvestri Schuh, Fernanda Bruxel, Ursula Matte, Helder Ferreira Teixeira
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is an autosomal recessive disease caused by deficiency of α-l-iduronidase (IDUA), which results in the lysosomal accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) leading to widespread clinical manifestations. The microencapsulation of IDUA overexpressing recombinant cells has been considered as a promising strategy for the treatment of MPS I. This study aimed at the optimization of alginate microcapsules containing recombinant BHK (Baby Hamster Kidney) cells (rBHK) overexpressing IDUA produced by electrostatic extrusion technique...
September 4, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882167/implementation-and-results-of-an-integrated-data-quality-assurance-protocol-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#8
Jonathon D Gass, Anamika Misra, Mahendra Nath Singh Yadav, Fatima Sana, Chetna Singh, Anup Mankar, Brandon J Neal, Jennifer Fisher-Bowman, Jenny Maisonneuve, Megan Marx Delaney, Krishan Kumar, Vinay Pratap Singh, Narender Sharma, Atul Gawande, Katherine Semrau, Lisa R Hirschhorn
BACKGROUND: There are few published standards or methodological guidelines for integrating Data Quality Assurance (DQA) protocols into large-scale health systems research trials, especially in resource-limited settings. The BetterBirth Trial is a matched-pair, cluster-randomized controlled trial (RCT) of the BetterBirth Program, which seeks to improve quality of facility-based deliveries and reduce 7-day maternal and neonatal mortality and maternal morbidity in Uttar Pradesh, India. In the trial, over 6300 deliveries were observed and over 153,000 mother-baby pairs across 120 study sites were followed to assess health outcomes...
September 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881513/-effect-of-docosahexenoic-acid-microalgae-oil-supplementation-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-on-levels-of-serum-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-and-tolerance-to-ovalbumin-in-suckling-mice
#9
Y F Wu, H Q Li
Objective: To study the tolerance to ovalbumin (OVA) in suckling mice whose mothers had different doses of docosahexenoic acid (DHA) microalgae oil (DMO) supplementation during pregnancy and lactation. Method: According to different doses of DMO fed to mother mice during pregnancy and lactation, 66 suckling mice were divided into four groups. Suckling mice whose mothers were fed with 0.7% DMO were designated as low dose group (group L) (n=16), 2.1% DMO as middle dose group (group M) (n=16), 3.5% DMO as high dose group (group H) (n=17) and no DMO as control group (n=17)...
September 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878726/the-family-alliance-model-a-way-to-study-and-characterize-early-family-interactions
#10
Nicolas Favez, France Frascarolo, Hervé Tissot
The aim of this paper is to present the family alliance (FA) model, which is designed to conceptualize the relational dynamics in the early family. FA is defined as the coordination a family can reach when fulfilling a task, such as playing a game or having a meal. According to the model, being coordinated as a family depends on four interactive functions: participation (all members are included), organization (members assume differentiated roles), focalization (family shares a common theme of activity), affect sharing (there is empathy between members)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877754/association-between-suspected-zika-virus-disease-during-pregnancy-and-giving-birth-to-a-newborn-with-congenital-microcephaly-a-matched-case-control-study
#11
Ticiane Henriques Santa Rita, Renata Barcelos Barra, Gisele Pasquali Peixoto, Pedro Goes Mesquita, Gustavo Barcelos Barra
OBJECTIVE: In early 2015, an outbreak of an acute exanthematous illness with dengue-like symptoms occurred in northeastern Brazil. By the end of the same year, an unexpected increase in the number of cases of microcephaly was observed in the region. The microcephaly outbreak cause was unknown and rumors pointing to various potential causes arose. Since we were unaware at the time if this scenario would attract the interest of the broader scientific community, due to the neglected regions associated and as often happens with many others health conditions related to infectious diseases in Latin America...
September 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872987/using-quality-improvement-methods-to-implement-an-early-childhood-oral-health-initiative-a-federally-qualified-health-center-pilot-study
#12
Rocio B Quinonez, Elizabeth Consky, Katrina Mattison, Greg Randolph
OBJECTIVES: To assess the use of quality improvement (QI) methods to implement an early childhood oral health program (Baby Oral Health Program-bOHP) in four federally qualified health center (FQHC) dental clinics. STUDY DESIGN: Using a mixed-methods study design, survey responses, administrative data, QI project templates, and focus group measures were collected. Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles as mini-projects to improve the implementation of bOHP were examined...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845482/induced-abortion-among-chinese-women-with-living-child-a-national-study
#13
Yan Jiang, Jingnan Han, Connor Donovan, Gholam Ali, Tan Xu, Yumei Zheng, Wenjie Sun
OBJECTIVE: Induced abortion is widely practiced in China. However, the information on induced abortion is limited. A national cross-sectional survey was designed to determine the risk factors of induced abortion among Chinese women with one child. METHODS: We sampled 16,881 Chinese women with one living child for the study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect induced abortion and related health information. The National Research Institute for Family Planning of China conducted a cross-sectional study among women who had delivered a baby between 2006 and 2008...
2017: Adv Dis Control Prev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839513/knowledge-and-awareness-of-mtct-and-pmtct-post-natal-follow-up-services-among-hiv-infected-mothers-in-the-mankweng-region-south-africa
#14
Refilwe Ramoshaba, Sello Levy Sithole
BACKGROUND: The pandemic of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the most severe health challenge affecting children across the world. It is estimated that more than 90% of all HIV infections in children result from Mother-to-Child Transmission (MTCT). Poor knowledge and awareness of MTCT and Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) among HIV positive mothers and their babies is a major setback to the success of the PMTCT programmes. METHODS: A qualitative approach and a cross-sectional design were applied in this study...
2017: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828297/confirming-longline-position-in-neonates-survey-of-practice-in-england-and-wales
#15
Arunoday Arunoday, Christos Zipitis
AIM: To establish how neonatal units in England and Wales currently confirm longline tip position, immediately after insertion of a longline. METHODS: We conducted a telephone survey of 170 neonatal units (37 special care baby units, 81 local neonatal units and 52 neonatal intensive care units) across England and Wales over the period from January to May 2016. Data was collected on specifically designed proformas. We gathered information on the following: Unit Level designation; whether the unit used longlines and specific type used? Modality used to confirm longline tip position? Whether guide wires were routinely removed and contrast injected to determine longline position? The responders were primarily senior nurses...
August 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819683/an-iphone-application-using-a-novel-stool-color-detection-algorithm-for-biliary-atresia-screening
#16
Eri Hoshino, Kuniyoshi Hayashi, Mitsuyoshi Suzuki, Masayuki Obatake, Kevin Y Urayama, Satoshi Nakano, Yasuyuki Taura, Masaki Nio, Osamu Takahashi
BACKGROUND: The stool color card has been the primary tool for identifying acholic stools in infants with biliary atresia (BA), in several countries. However, BA stools are not always acholic, as obliteration of the bile duct occurs gradually. This study aims to introduce Baby Poop (Baby unchi in Japanese), a free iPhone application, employing a detection algorithm to capture subtle differences in colors, even with non-acholic BA stools. METHODS: The application is designed for use by caregivers of infants aged approximately 2 weeks-1 month...
August 17, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804440/effect-of-dietary-interventions-during-weaning-period-on-parental-practice-and-lipoproteins-and-vitamin-d-status-in-two-year-old-children
#17
Nina Cecilie Øverby, Sigrunn Hernes, Margaretha Haugen
Objective: Evaluate if a two-day course for parents on nutrition and applied baby food preparation had an effect on child's intake of home-made foods, lipid concentration, and vitamin D status. Design: Randomized controlled trial at age 6 months and follow-up at ages 15 and 24 months. Setting: Four health care clinics in Kristiansand, Norway. Subjects: Thirty-nine pairs of 6-month-old children and their parents in the intervention group and 20 pairs in the control group. Results: At age 15 months, the intervention group had lower intakes of ready-made porridge (2...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795789/baby-friendly-hospital-designation-has-a-sustained-impact-on-continued-breastfeeding
#18
Anna Spaeth, Elisabeth Zemp, Sonja Merten, Julia Dratva
The Baby-Friendly Hospital (BFH) Initiative has led to an increase in breastfeeding rates and duration worldwide. But little is known about whether the beneficial effects persist beyond a facility's designation as a BFH. To investigate the association of BFH designation (current, former, and never) and compliance with Baby-Friendly (BF) practices on breastfeeding in Switzerland, this study combined nationwide survey data on breastfeeding with BFH monitoring data. In this cross-sectional study, 1,326 children were born in 34 current (N = 508), 28 former (N = 425), and 34 never designated BFHs (N = 393)...
August 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795377/comparison-of-the-fatty-acid-profile-of-spanish-infant-formulas-and-galician-women-breast-milk
#19
Rocío Barreiro, Patricia Regal, Olga López-Racamonde, Alberto Cepeda, Cristina A Fente
The importance of dietary lipids during childhood is evident, as they are necessary for correct growth and development of the newborn. When breastfeeding is not possible, infant formulas are designed to mimic human milk as much as possible to fulfill infant's requirements. However, the composition of these dairy products is relatively constant, while human milk is not a uniform bio-fluid and changes according to the requirements of the baby. In this study, breast milk samples were donated by 24 Spanish mothers in different lactation stages and different infant formulas were purchased in supermarkets and pharmacies...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795091/dataset-on-energy-efficiency-assessment-and-measurement-method-for-child-friendly-space-in-cold-residential-area
#20
Kai Ren, Leiqing Xu
The data related in this paper are related to "Environmental-behavior studies of sustainable construction of the third place - based on outdoor environment-behavior cross-feed symbiotic analysis and verification of selective activities" (Ren, 2017) [1]. The dataset was from a field sub-time extended investigation to children of Hohhot West Inner Mongolia Electric Power Community Residential Area in Inner Mongolia of China that belongs to cold region of ID area according to Chinese design code for buildings...
October 2017: Data in Brief
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