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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767550/effectiveness-of-adjunct-psychotherapy-for-cancer-treatment-a-review
#1
YokeYong Chen, Mahadir Ahmad
Psychotherapies were offered to alleviate psychological and physical symptoms; however, most psychological interventions were only delivered after cancer treatment. Newly diagnosed cancer patients experienced psychological distress while waiting for treatments. This review paper focused on randomized control trial studies, aimed to investigate the effectiveness of psychological intervention among newly diagnosed cancer patients. Eight randomized control trial papers were found in recent 10 years period through electronic database...
May 16, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766446/prognostic-significance-of-post-operative-morbidity-severity-score-after-potentially-curative-d2-gastrectomy-for-carcinoma
#2
Arfon Powell, Alexandra Harriet Coxon, Neil Patel, David Chan, Adam Christian, Wyn Lewis
BACKGROUND: Survival and relapse after gastric cancer surgery are largely attributed to tumor biology and surgical radicality; yet, other prognostic factors have been reported, including respiratory sepsis and anastomotic leakage, but not global morbidity severity score (MSS). The hypothesis tested was that MSS would be associated with both disease-free (DFS) and overall survival (OS). METHODS: Consecutive 373 patients undergoing potentially curative surgery for gastric adenocarcinoma between 2004 and 2016 in a UK cancer network were studied...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759287/comprehensive-preoperative-assessment-and-global-optimization
#3
REVIEW
Neil N Shah, Thomas R Vetter
To successfully deliver greater perioperative value-based care and to effectively contribute to sustained and meaningful perioperative population health management, the scope of existing preoperative management and its associated services and care provider skills must be expanded. New models of preoperative management are needed, which rely extensively on continuously evolving evidence-based best practice, as well as telemedicine and telehealth, including mobile technologies and connectivity. Along with conventional comorbidity optimization, prehabilitation can effectively promote enhanced postoperative recovery...
June 2018: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754828/prehabilitation-and-functional-recovery-for-colorectal-cancer-patients
#4
REVIEW
Enrico Maria Minnella, Francesco Carli
Cancer and its treatments are associated with functional decline that has impactful consequences on quality of life, and care continuum. Thus, optimizing perioperative functional capacity has been identified as a research and clinical priority in cancer care. The process of enhancing physical fitness before an operation to enable the patient to withstand the stress of surgery has been termed prehabilitation. Main elements are preoperative exercise, nutrition therapy, and anxiety-reduction techniques. Given the growing body of evidence on prehabilitation efficacy, this narrative review will summarize the rational underlying preoperative interventions, and propose a structured clinical pathway aimed at optimizing preoperative functional capacity...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754694/risk-factors-for-bad-outcomes-in-incisional-hernia-repair-lessons-learned-from-the-national-registry-of-incisional-hernia-evereg
#5
José Antonio Pereira, Blanca Montcusí, Manuel López-Cano, Pilar Hernández-Granados, Laura Fresno de Prado
INTRODUCTION: Registries are powerful tools for identifying factors predicting bad results. Our objective was to analyse data from the Spanish Registry of Incisional Hernia (EVEREG) to detect risk situations for the development of complications and recurrences. METHODS: We have analysed data of the cohort of hernias registered during the period from July 2012 to June 2014. We have compared the data between complicated and non-complicated patients in the short and long term follow-up...
May 10, 2018: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750973/effects-of-nutritional-prehabilitation-with-and-without-exercise-on-outcomes-of-patients-who-undergo-colorectal-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Chelsia Gillis, Katherine Buhler, Lauren Bresee, Francesco Carli, Leah Gramlich, Nicole Culos-Reed, Tolulope T Sajobi, Tanis R Fenton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although there have been meta-analyses of the effects of exercise prehabilitation on patients undergoing colorectal surgery, little is known about the effects of nutrition-only (oral nutritional supplements and/or counseling) and multi-modal (oral nutritional supplements and/or counseling with exercise) prehabilitation on clinical outcomes and patient function after surgery. We performed a systemic review and meta-analysis to determine the individual and combined effects of nutrition-only and multi-modal prehabilitation, compared with no prehabilitation (control), on outcomes of patients undergoing colorectal resection...
May 8, 2018: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745238/corrigendum-to-the-impact-of-prehabilitation-on-post-surgical-complications-in-patients-undergoing-non-urgent-cardiovascular-surgical-intervention-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
(no author information available yet)
The impact of prehabilitation on post-surgical complications in patients undergoing non-urgent cardiovascular surgical intervention: Systematic review and meta-analysis by F Marmelo et al. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology January 2018 25: 404-417, DOI: 2016 doi: 10.1177/2047487317752373 The third author's name, affiliation and Funding information were incorrect, the correct details are below: Daniel Moreira-Gonçalves Departamento de Cirurgia e Fisiologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade do Porto, Portugal CIAFEL, Faculdade de Desporto, Universidade do Porto, Portugal Funding D...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730070/exercise-prehabilitation-in-elective-intra-cavity-surgery-a-role-within-the-eras-pathway-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Samuel T Orange, Matthew J Northgraves, Phil Marshall, Leigh A Madden, Rebecca V Vince
The Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) model integrates several elements of perioperative care into a standardised clinical pathway for surgical patients. ERAS programmes aim to reduce the rate of complications, improve surgical recovery, and limit postoperative length of hospital stay (LOHS). One area of growing interest that is not currently included within ERAS protocols is the use of exercise prehabilitation (PREHAB) interventions. PREHAB refers to the systematic process of improving functional capacity of the patient to withstand the upcoming physiological stress of surgery...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683834/the-effect-of-preoperative-exercise-on-upper-extremity-recovery-following-breast-cancer-surgery-a-systematic-review
#9
Ajax Yang, Jonas Sokolof, Amitabh Gulati
Prehabilitation benefits among patients undergoing various oncological surgeries have been demonstrated. However, the effects of presurgical exercise and fitness on postoperative ipsilateral upper extremity recovery outcomes in patients with breast cancer surgery are less evident. A systematic review was performed to assess the effects of preoperative exercise and fitness on postmastectomy recovery. Systematic literature search was performed in 12 electronic databases. Study eligibility was accessed using the PICOS (Participants, Interventions, Comparison, Outcome and Study Design) criteria...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574506/time-from-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-to-laparoscopic-curative-surgery-is-there-a-safe-window-for-prehabilitation
#10
N J Curtis, M A West, E Salib, J Ockrim, A S Allison, R Dalton, Nader K Francis
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in the adoption of formal prehabilitation programmes prior to elective surgery but regulatory targets mandate prompt treatment following cancer diagnosis. We aimed to investigate if time from diagnosis to surgery is linked to short- and long-term outcomes. METHODS: An exploratory analysis was performed utilising a dedicated, prospectively populated database. Inclusion criteria were biopsy-proven colorectal adenocarcinoma undergoing elective laparoscopic surgery with curative intent...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565109/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-in-europe-chapter-8-the-prm-specialty-in-the-healthcare-system-and-society
#11
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) in Europe, this paper deals with a global overview of the role of PRM in healthcare systems in Europe. Several documents and reports by WHO and the UN call for the worldwide strengthening of rehabilitation as a key health strategy of the 21st century. Therefore, further implementation of PRM in healthcare systems is crucial. Many aspects need to be considered when implementing PRM in a health system. Since PRM should be provided along the whole continuum of care, a specific phase model has been developed...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550413/sex-differences-in-common-sports-injuries
#12
REVIEW
Cindy Lin, Ellen Casey, Daniel Herman, Nicole Katz, Adam Tenforde
Common sports injuries include bone stress injuries (BSIs), anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, and concussions. Less commonly recognized are the specific sex differences in epidemiology, risk factors, and outcomes of these conditions by sex. An understanding of these factors can improve their clinical management, from prescribing appropriate prehabilitation to guiding postinjury rehabilitation and return to play. This narrative review summarizes the sex differences in the diagnosis and management of BSIs, ACL injuries, and concussions...
March 14, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547007/prehabilitation-expanding-the-concept-of-cardiac-rehabilitation
#13
Ana Abreu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546448/the-impact-of-total-body-prehabilitation-on-post-operative-outcomes-after-major-abdominal-surgery-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Alison Luther, Joseph Gabriel, Richard P Watson, Nader K Francis
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in perioperative care, post-operative clinical and functional outcomes after major abdominal surgery can be suboptimal. Prehabilitation programmes attempt to optimise a patient's preoperative condition to improve outcomes. Total body prehabilitation includes structured exercise, nutritional optimisation, psychological support and cessation of negative health behaviours. This systematic review aims to report on the current literature regarding the impact of total body prehabilitation prior to major abdominal surgery...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538165/prehabilitation-for-major-abdominal-urologic-oncology-surgery
#15
Bente T Jensen, Susanne V Lauridsen, Jørgen B Jensen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Whether prehabilitation in radical cystectomy adds to the effort of reducing postoperative morbidity and impairments in the survivorship phase has until recently received limited attention. This narrative review aims to summarize the current evidence base on prehabilitaion interventions focusing on the efficacy of procedure-specific interventions and the influence on postoperative outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Given the oncological risk, there is a relative short window to intervene and proactively optimize the patient before radical cystectomy...
May 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525775/is-it-feasible-to-conduct-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-pretransplant-exercise-prehabilitation-for-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-awaiting-autologous-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-protocol-for-the-preempt-study
#16
Carol Keen, Julie Skilbeck, Helen Ross, Lauren Smith, Karen Collins, Joanne Dixey, Stephen Walters, Diana M Greenfield, John A Snowden, Susan Mawson
INTRODUCTION: While myeloma is an incurable malignancy, developments in disease management have led to increased life expectancy in recent years. Treatment typically involves stem-cell transplantation. Increased survival rates equate to more patients living with the burden of both the disease and its treatment for increasing number of years, rendering myeloma a long-term condition.Evidence exists to demonstrate the benefits of exercise for patients recovering from stem-cell transplantation, and prehabilitation-exercise before treatment-has been shown to be effective in other disease areas...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478189/maximizing-patient-adherence-to-prehabilitation-what-do-the-patients-say
#17
Vanessa Ferreira, Ramanakumar V Agnihotram, Andreas Bergdahl, Stefanus J van Rooijen, Rashami Awasthi, Francesco Carli, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl
PURPOSE: Multimodal prehabilitation programs (exercise, nutrition, and anxiety reduction) have been shown to be successful for enhancing patients' physical function prior to surgery, although adherence remains a challenge. Given the short pre-operative period, maintaining adherence is critical to maximize program effectiveness. This study was designed to better understand patients' perspectives of prehabilitation and to identify factors related to program adherence. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted based on 52 cancer patients enrolled in a prehabilitation program at the Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Canada...
February 24, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466955/the-effects-of-prehabilitation-versus-usual-care-to-reduce-postoperative-complications-in-high-risk-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-or-dysplasia-scheduled-for-elective-colorectal-resection-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Annefleur E M Berkel, Bart C Bongers, Marie-Janne S van Kamp, Hayke Kotte, Paul Weltevreden, Frans H C de Jongh, Michiel M M Eijsvogel, A N Machteld Wymenga, Marloes Bigirwamungu-Bargeman, Job van der Palen, Marc J van Det, Nico L U van Meeteren, Joost M Klaase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452805/perioperative-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-cpet-consensus-clinical-guidelines-on-indications-organization-conduct-and-physiological-interpretation
#19
D Z H Levett, S Jack, M Swart, J Carlisle, J Wilson, C Snowden, M Riley, G Danjoux, S A Ward, P Older, M P W Grocott
The use of perioperative cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to evaluate the risk of adverse perioperative events and inform the perioperative management of patients undergoing surgery has increased over the last decade. CPET provides an objective assessment of exercise capacity preoperatively and identifies the causes of exercise limitation. This information may be used to assist clinicians and patients in decisions about the most appropriate surgical and non-surgical management during the perioperative period...
March 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444561/committed-to-be-fit-the-value-of-preoperative-care-in-the-perioperative-medicine-era
#20
Javier Ripollés-Melchor, Franco Carli, Miquel Coca-Martínez, Macarena Barbero-Mielgo, José M Ramírez-Rodríguez, José A García-Erce
In the era of perioperative medicine, important advances have been made in the perioperative care of patients, usually within those known as enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols. These have led to a decrease in postoperative complications and the duration of hospital stays; however, there is still a lack of preoperative care, which could make perioperative medicine more prominent. Elderly patients, malnourished, anemic and ones with a low physical function before surgery are likely to have sub-optimal recovery from surgery...
May 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
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