keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prehabilitation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498541/current-data-about-the-benefit-of-prehabilitation-for-colorectal-cancer-patients-undergoing-surgery-are-not-sufficient-to-alter-the-nhs-cancer-waiting-targets
#1
Kai J Leong, M A S Chapman
Prehabilitation can be defined as a period whereby patients undertake physical and psychological assessments to determine their baseline functioning levels and any impairments identified so that targeted interventions can be carried out before surgery [1]. Prehabilitation is typically viewed as the beginning of the continuum of rehabilitation and occurs from the time of diagnosis to the point of receiving treatment for their cancer. The aim is to optimise patients' health, reduce the incidence and the severity of current and future impairments resulting from surgery and facilitate return of patients' function to the highest possible level...
May 12, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489682/personalised-prehabilitation-in-high-risk-patients-undergoing-elective-major-abdominal-surgery-a-randomized-blinded-controlled-trial
#2
Anael Barberan-Garcia, Marta Ubré, Josep Roca, Antonio M Lacy, Felip Burgos, Raquel Risco, Dulce Momblán, Jaume Balust, Isabel Blanco, Graciela Martínez-Pallí
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of personalized prehabilitation on postoperative complications in high-risk patients undergoing elective major abdominal surgery. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Prehabilitation, including endurance exercise training and promotion of physical activity, in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery has been postulated as an effective preventive intervention to reduce postoperative complications. However, the existing studies provide controversial results and show a clear bias toward low-risk patients...
May 9, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488799/systematic-review-of-exercise-training-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-during-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Stefanus J van Rooijen, Maartje A Engelen, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl, Francesco Carli, Rudi Mh Roumen, Gerrit D Slooter, Goof Schep
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer surgery results in considerable postoperative morbidity, mortality and reduced quality of life. Since many patients will undergo additional (neo)adjuvant therapy, it is imperative that each individual optimize their physical function. To elucidate the potential of exercise in patient optimization, we investigated the evidence for an exercise program before and after surgical treatment in colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions, the guidelines of the Physical Therapy Journal and the PRISMA guidelines...
May 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482864/the-effect-of-pre-and-post-operative-physical-activity-on-recovery-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery-physsurg-c-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Aron Onerup, Eva Angenete, David Bock, Mats Börjesson, Monika Fagevik Olsén, Elin Grybäck Gillheimer, Stefan Skullman, Sven-Egron Thörn, Eva Haglind, Hanna Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Surgery for colorectal cancer is associated with a high risk of post-operative adverse events, re-operations and a prolonged post-operative recovery. Previously, the effect of prehabilitation (pre-operative physical activity) has been studied for different types of surgery, including colorectal surgery. However, the trials on colorectal surgery have been of limited methodological quality and size. The aim of this trial is to compare the effect of a combined pre- and post-operative intervention of moderate aerobic physical activity and inspiratory muscle training (IMT) with standard care on post-operative recovery after surgery for colorectal cancer...
May 8, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478854/efficacy-of-preoperative-uro-stoma-education-on-self-efficacy-after-radical-cystectomy-secondary-outcome-of-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Bente Thoft Jensen, Berit Kiesbye, Ingrid Soendergaard, Jørgen B Jensen, Susanne Ammitzboell Kristensen
PURPOSE: Radical Cystectomy with a creation of an uro-stoma is first line treatment in advanced bladder-cancer. Enhancing or maintaining an individual's condition, skills and physical wellbeing before surgery has been defined as prehabilitation. Whether preoperative stoma-education is an effective element in prehabilitation is yet to be documented. In a prospective randomized controlled design (RCT) the aim was to investigate the efficacy of a standardised preoperative stoma-education program on an individual's ability to independently change a stoma-appliance...
June 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456341/patient-centered-surgical-prehabilitation
#6
Gabrielle Shaughness, Ryan Howard, Michael Englesbe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410650/prehabilitation-for-the-frail-patient-approaching-esrd
#7
REVIEW
Anoop Sheshadri, Kirsten L Johansen
Frailty is a distinct phenotype that is highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and appears to be more prevalent with decreasing glomerular filtration rate. Exercise training or intervention to increase physical activity may ameliorate poor physical functioning and frailty, and even may improve survival in patients with CKD. Although exercise interventions improve outcomes across the spectrum of CKD, including patients treated with dialysis, patients treated with dialysis face barriers to exercise that patients with predialysis CKD do not...
March 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386715/radiologically-determined-sarcopenia-predicts-morbidity-and-mortality-following-abdominal-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Keaton Jones, Alex Gordon-Weeks, Claire Coleman, Michael Silva
BACKGROUND: Individualised risk prediction is crucial if targeted pre-operative risk reduction strategies are to be deployed effectively. Radiologically determined sarcopenia has been shown to predict outcomes across a range of intra-abdominal pathologies. Access to pre-operative cross-sectional imaging has resulted in a number of studies investigating the predictive value of radiologically assessed sarcopenia over recent years. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine whether radiologically determined sarcopenia predicts post-operative morbidity and mortality following abdominal surgery...
April 6, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352936/pre-surgery-exercise-and-post-operative-physical-function-of-people-undergoing-knee-replacement-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Maria A Peer, Robert Rush, Peter D Gallacher, Nigel Gleeson
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the evidence regarding the effectiveness and dose-response characteristics of pre-operative exercise programmes on post-operative physical function following total knee arthroplasty. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PubMed, SPORTDiscus and EMBASE. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials were eligible if they provided full description of physiological stress (i.e. mode, frequency, intensity and duration)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349032/experience-of-sport-stacking-in-korean-older-adults
#10
Chae-Hee Park
Today sedentary lifestyles are a major public health concern and there are many evidences related to physical inactivity. The well-documented evidence is that regular physical activity is an essential part for improving overall health with advancing aging and the most efficient means playing roles of rehabilitation and prehabilitation. However, there are few activity programs which could motivate older adults to continue and maintain their active lifestyles. The purpose of the current study was to describe experience of sport stacking which applied to Korean older adults in the first time...
February 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302377/stair-negotiation-as-a-rehabilitation-intervention-for-enhancing-recovery-following-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-surgery
#11
REVIEW
James P Gavin, Tikki Immins, Thomas Wainwright
BACKGROUND: Total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) are common orthopaedic procedures. However, an optimal programme for post-operative rehabilitation has yet to be established. Stair negotiation is a challenging, habitual task, regularly used as a post-operative functional outcome measure; yet as a physical rehabilitation intervention it appears to be rarely used. AIM: The review purpose was to investigate the effectiveness of stair climbing as a rehabilitation intervention for THR and TKR patients...
May 2017: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300279/prehabilitation-in-perioperative-care
#12
K Moorthy, V Wynter-Blyth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289508/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-current-research-insights-and-future-direction
#13
REVIEW
Aliza Abeles, Richard Mark Kwasnicki, Ara Darzi
Since the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) was introduced in the late 1990s the idea of implementing specific interventions throughout the peri-operative period to improve patient recovery has been proven to be beneficial. Minimally invasive surgery is an integral component to ERAS and has dramatically improved post-operative outcomes. ERAS can be applicable to all surgical specialties with the core generic principles used together with added specialty specific interventions to allow for a comprehensive protocol, leading to improved clinical outcomes...
February 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258331/the-role-of-perioperative-surgical-home-on-health-and-longevity-in-society-importance-of-the-surgical-prehabilitation-program
#14
EDITORIAL
Masahiko Kawaguchi, Mitsuru Ida, Yusuke Naito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258290/-improving-pre-and-perioperative-hospital-care-major-elective-surgery
#15
Ilona M Punt, Roel van der Most, Bart C Bongers, Anouk Didden, Erik H J Hulzebos, Jaap J Dronkers, Nico L U van Meeteren
Surgery is aimed at improving a patient's health. However, surgery is plagued with a risk of negative consequences, such as perioperative complications and prolonged hospitalization. Also, achieving preoperative levels of physical functionality may be delayed. Above all, the "waiting" period before the operation and the period of hospitalisation endanger the state of health, especially in frail patients.The Better in Better out™ (BiBo™) strategy is aimed at reducing the risk of a complicated postoperative course through the optimisation and professionalisation of perioperative treatment strategies in a physiotherapy activating context...
April 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252474/physical-and-nutritional-prehabilitation-in-older-patients-with-colorectal-carcinoma-a-systematic-review
#16
Stéphanie M L M Looijaard, Monique S Slee-Valentijn, René H J Otten, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sarcopenia and malnourishment are highly prevalent in older patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), who form a growing group of patients at risk of adverse outcome after surgery. Intervention on physical function and/or nutritional status may decrease the risk of postoperative complications. However, the overall effect of preoperative physical and nutritional interventions (better known as prehabilitation) in older patients with CRC remains unknown. The objective was to review the literature on physical and nutritional prehabilitation performed as observational cohort studies or randomized controlled trials in patients 60 years and older undergoing elective CRC surgery...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247331/exercise-based-interventions-for-injury-prevention-in-tackle-collision-ball-sports-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Nicola Sewry, Evert Verhagen, Mike Lambert, Willem van Mechelen, Wayne Viljoen, Clint Readhead, James Brown
BACKGROUND: The injury burden in collision sports is relatively high compared to other team sports. Therefore, participants in these sports would benefit by having effective injury prevention programs. Exercise-based interventions have successfully reduced injuries in soccer, but evidence on exercise-based interventions in tackle collision sports is limited. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to systematically examine the evidence of exercise-based intervention programs reducing injuries in tackle collision sports...
February 28, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243813/systematic-review-the-impact-of-exercise-on-mesenteric-blood-flow-and-its-implication-for-preoperative-rehabilitation
#18
REVIEW
K A Knight, S J Moug, M A West
BACKGROUND: Exercise in the preoperative period, or prehabilitation, continues to evolve as an important tool in optimising patients awaiting major intra-abdominal surgery. It has been shown to reduce rates of post-operative morbidity and length of hospital stay. The mechanism by which this is achieved remains poorly understood. Adaptations in mesenteric flow in response to exercise may play a role in improving post-operative recovery by reducing rates of ileus and anastomotic leak. AIMS: To systematically review the existing literature to clarify the impact of exercise on mesenteric arterial blood flow using Doppler ultrasound...
March 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208990/swiss-ball-versus-mat-exercises-for-core-activation-of-transverse-abdominis-in-recreational-athletes
#19
Prateek Srivastav, Nirmala Nayak, Sudeep Nair, Lobsang Bhuti Sherpa, Diana Dsouza
INTRODUCTION: Core stability is an essential component for improving athletic performance and injury prevention. Exercises on a Swiss ball and on the mat are two different ways of improving core stability. Comparison of these methods can help physiotherapists incorporate the better method for athletic training and rehabilitation. AIM: To compare swiss ball and mat exercises for core stability of transverse abdominis in recreational athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This pilot randomized control trial was performed on a total of 25 recreational athletes...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161527/a-systematic-review-of-prehabilitation-programs-in-abdominal-cancer-surgery
#20
REVIEW
Yasser Hijazi, Umair Gondal, Omer Aziz
INTRODUCTION: Prehabilitation programs aim to optimise patients in order to enhance post-operative recovery. This study aims to review the composition of prehabilitation programs for patients undergoing major abdominal cancer surgery and define the outcome measures that are used to evaluate this intervention. METHODS: A systematic literature review of all comparative studies on prehabilitation versus standard care in patients undergoing abdominal cancer surgery was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
March 2017: International Journal of Surgery
keyword
keyword
91058
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"