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Digoxin mortality

Igor Diemberger, Giulia Massaro, Maria Letizia Bacchi Reggiani, Stefano Lorenzetti, Mauro Biffi, Matteo Ziacchi, Cristian Martignani, Giuseppe Boriani
Dronedarone was found to have divergent safety profiles in randomized controlled trials (RCT) in term of cardiac death and overall mortality. We decided to evaluate all available evidence on the cardiovascular safety of this drug. A systematic search was made of the MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from January 2003 through April 2016 for RCT comparing dronedarone to placebo/active control, to provide the most accurate estimate of the effects of this agent and observational cohort studies (OBS) reporting clinical outcomes in patients treated with dronedarone, according to current guidelines, to obtain a real-life comparator for the findings summarized by RTC analysis...
October 6, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Julius Chacha Mwita, Matthew J Dewhurst, Mgaywa G Magafu, Monkgogi Goepamang, Bernard Omech, Koketso Lister Majuta, Marea Gaenamong, Tommy Baboloki Palai, Mosepele Mosepele, Yohana Mashalla
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure is a common cause of hospitalisation and therefore contributes to in-hospital outcomes such as mortality. In this study we describe patient characteristics and outcomes of acute heart failure (AHF) in Botswana. METHODS: Socio-demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected from 193 consecutive patients admitted with AHF at Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone between February 2014 and February 2015. The length of hospital stay and 30-, 90- and 180-day in-hospital mortality rates were assessed...
August 24, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Jindřich Špinar, Jiří Vítovec, Lenka Špinarová
UNLABELLED: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction occurs almost with the same frequency as heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. The diagnosis is based on echocardiography with evidence-based ejection fraction over 50 %, or with left atrial enlargement and left ventricular hypertrophy, and specification of natriuretic peptides. BNP 35 pg/ml and NT-proBNP 125 pg/ml are considered the limits of the norm for chronic heart failure. The treatment of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction lacks clear evidence of mortality reduction, diuretics are recommended to remove symptoms, ACE inhibitors or sartans and beta-blockers to improve the prognosis...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Naoki Okumura, Pardeep S Jhund, Jianjian Gong, Martin P Lefkowitz, Adel R Rizkala, Jean L Rouleau, Victor C Shi, Karl Swedberg, Michael R Zile, Scott D Solomon, Milton Packer, John J V McMurray
BACKGROUND: In the PARADIGM-HF trial (Prospective Comparison of ARNI with ACEI to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure), the angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril/valsartan was more effective than the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitorenalapril in patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction. We examined whether this benefit was consistent irrespective of background therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the effect of study treatment in the following subgroups: diuretics (yes/no), digitalis glycoside (yes/no), mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (yes/no),and defibrillating device (implanted defibrillating device, yes/no)...
September 2016: Circulation. Heart Failure
Zohreh Oghabian, Omid Mehrpour
Aluminium phosphide (AlP) is used to protect stored grains from rodents. It produces phosphine gas (PH3), a mitochondrial poison thought to cause toxicity by blocking the cytochrome c oxidase enzyme and inhibiting oxidative phosphorylation, which results in cell death. AlP poisoning has a high mortality rate among humans due to the rapid onset of cardiogenic shock and metabolic acidosis, despite aggressive treatment. We report a 21-year-old male who was referred to the Afzalipour Hospital, Kerman, Iran, in 2015 after having intentionally ingested a 3 g AlP tablet...
August 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Wissam Alajaji, Atallah Baydoun, Sadeer G Al-Kindi, Leslie Henry, Mazen A Hanna, Guilherme H Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: Right heart failure is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. The optimal treatment for patients with RV failure is not established. The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the literature to assess the relative benefits and harms of digoxin therapy in patients with RV failure. METHODS: We performed a literature search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) on Nov. 4, 2014. We did not use publication type, period or language restrictions to the search strategy...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Julia W Erath, Mate Vamos, Stefan H Hohnloser
AIMS: The effects of digitalis on mortality in patients with structural heart disease are controversially discussed. We aimed to assess the effects of digitalis administration in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients. METHODS AND RESULTS: This retrospective analysis comprises 1020 consecutive patients who received an ICD at our institution and who were followed for up to 10 years (median 37 months). A total of 438 patients were receiving digitalis at the time of ICD implantation and 582 did not...
July 2016: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
Harish Thanusubramanian, Meena Kumari Kamal Kishore, Ranjan Shetty, Mohan Babu Amberkar
INTRODUCTION: Heart failure is one of the most common heart problems seen in the Indian population. There are various drugs used to prevent further progression of the disease. In India, there are few studies in relation to treatment outcome in a tertiary care hospital. AIM: To study the treatment outcome of drug therapies used in heart failure patients with associated co-morbidities in a tertiary care hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational study conducted on 250 patients with heart failure...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Rodolphe Malebranche, Christian Tabou Moyo, Paul-Henry Morisset, Nernst-Atwood Raphael, James Robert Wilentz
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and epidemiologic profile of congestive heart failure at the principal free-care hospital in Haiti. Cardiovascular disease represents the most prevalent cause of admissions to the medical service of the University Hospital of the State of Haiti. No previous study has examined the demographics of congestive heart failure in urban Haiti. METHODS: Two hundred forty-seven patients presented to the inpatient service between May 2011 and May 2013...
August 2016: American Heart Journal
Kirkwood F Adams, Javed Butler, J Herbert Patterson, Wendy Gattis Stough, Jerry L Bauman, Dirk J van Veldhuisen, Todd A Schwartz, Hani Sabbah, John I Mackowiak, Hector O Ventura, Jalal K Ghali
AIMS: Many patients with heart failure and reduced EF remain at high risk for hospitalization despite evidence-based therapy. Digoxin may decrease hospitalization; however, uncertainty persists concerning its proper administration and effect on mortality. This study investigated whether using dose response concepts to re-evaluate the relationship between serum digoxin concentration and key mortality outcomes in patients with reduced EF in the Digitalis Investigation Group trial would help clarify efficacy and safety...
August 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
Konrad H Stopsack, Alexandra J Greenberg, Lorelei A Mucci
PURPOSE: Most prostate cancer patients also have comorbidities that are treated with both prescription and nonprescription medications; furthermore, many use dietary supplements. We assess their association with prognosis after prostate cancer diagnosis, and we discuss methodological challenges and clinical implications. METHODS: We reviewed high-quality observational studies investigating the association of commonly used medications and supplements with prostate cancer-specific mortality...
August 4, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Maurizio Sessa, Annamaria Mascolo, Mikkel Porsborg Andersen, Giuseppe Rosano, Francesco Rossi, Annalisa Capuano, Christian Torp-Pedersen
PURPOSE: This study investigated the impact of chronic kidney disease on all-causes and cardiovascular mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with digoxin. METHODS: All patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation and/or atrial flutter as hospitalization diagnosis from January 1, 1997 to December 31, 2012 were identified in Danish nationwide administrative registries. Cox proportional hazard model was used to compare the adjusted risk of all-causes and cardiovascular mortality among patients with and without chronic kidney disease and among patients with different chronic kidney disease stages within 180 days and 2 years from the first digoxin prescription...
2016: PloS One
Christian Madelaire, Morten Schou, Karl Emil Nelveg-Kristensen, Michelle Schmiegelow, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Finn Gustafsson, Lars Køber, Gunnar Gislason
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Digoxin is widely used as symptomatic treatment in heart failure (HF), but the role in contemporary treatment of HF with sinus rhythm (SR) is debatable. We investigated the risk of death and hospital readmission, according to digoxin use, in a nationwide cohort of digoxin-naïve patients with HF and SR. METHODS: From Danish nationwide registries, digoxin-naïve HF patients from 1996 to 2012 were identified. Patients with cardiac dysrhythmias or use of warfarin were excluded...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Ari Katz, Elad Maor, Jonathan Leor, Robert Klempfner
BACKGROUND: Many of the studies associating digoxin use with increased mortality were conducted before beta-blockers became a standard therapy for heart failure (HF) patients. Our goal was to determine the effect of beta-blockers on the prognosis of patients hospitalized for decompensated HF who receive digoxin therapy at discharge. METHODS: We analyzed 2402 patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of decompensated HF during the prospective National Heart Failure Survey in Israel...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Ilarraza-Lomelí Hermes, García-Saldivia Marianna, Rojano-Castillo Jessica, Barrera-Ramírez Carlos, Chávez-Domínguez Rafael, Rius-Suárez María Dolores, Iturralde Pedro
BACKGROUND: Mortality due to cardiovascular disease is often associated with ventricular arrhythmias. Nowadays, patients with cardiovascular disease are more encouraged to take part in physical training programs. Nevertheless, high-intensity exercise is associated to a higher risk for sudden death, even in apparently healthy people. During an exercise testing (ET), health care professionals provide patients, in a controlled scenario, an intense physiological stimulus that could precipitate cardiac arrhythmia in high risk individuals...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Mohamed M M Abdel-Latif
CONTEXT: Medication errors are the most common types of medical errors in hospitals and leading cause of morbidity and mortality among patients. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the knowledge of healthcare professionals about medication errors in hospitals. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to randomly selected healthcare professionals in eight hospitals in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: An 18-item survey was designed and comprised questions on demographic data, knowledge of medication errors, availability of reporting systems in hospitals, attitudes toward error reporting, causes of medication errors...
June 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
Gulsum Limon, Gurkan Ersoy, Nese Colak Oray, Basak Bayram, Onder Limon
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory findings, treatment strategies and clinical outcomes of patients presenting at emergency department (ED) with digoxin levels at or above 1.2 ng/ml. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with serum digoxin levels at or above 1.2 ng/ml admitted to an ED between January 2010 and July 2011 were investigated in this cross-sectional descriptive study...
March 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mohamed Metawee, Richard Charnigo, Gustavo Morales, Yousef Darrat, Vincent Sorrell, Luigi Di Biase, Andrea Natale, Brian Delisle, Claude S Elayi
BACKGROUND: The safety of digoxin has been a subject of debate for decades, most recently among patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Digoxin has been used during the acute phase of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) complicated with AF or heart failure. Data about digoxin in this setting are scarce. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that digoxin maybe associated with increased mortality when used during the acute phase of ST segment myocardial infarction. METHODS: We investigated the association between digoxin and mortality in patients enrolled in the MAGnesium In Coronaries (MAGIC) study, which evaluated the efficacy of early magnesium administration in STEMI...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Ivan Koychev, Klaus P Ebmeier
Anxiety disorder in the elderly is twice as common as dementia and four to six times more common than major depression. Anxiety is associated with poorer quality of life, significant distress and contributes to the onset of disability. Mortality risks are also increased, through physical causes, especially cardiovascular disease, and suicide. Diagnosing anxiety disorders in older adults remains a challenge because of the significant overlap in symptoms between physical disorders (shortness of breath; abdominal and chest pain; palpitations) and depression (disturbed sleep; poor attention, concentration and memory; restlessness)...
January 2016: Practitioner
Oliver J Ziff, Dipak Kotecha
After 230 years of use, digitalis remains an important and useful therapy for patients with atrial fibrillation, heart failure, and the 30-50 % of patients with both conditions. Although the combination of positive inotropic activity with negative chronotropic effects has been shown to reduce hospital admissions in heart failure, there is a distinct lack of robust trial data, particularly in patients with atrial fibrillation. We recently performed a comprehensive meta-analysis of all digoxin studies and demonstrated a neutral effect on mortality...
October 2016: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
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