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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319089/natural-variation-at-the-soybean-j-locus-improves-adaptation-to-the-tropics-and-enhances-yield
#1
Sijia Lu, Xiaohui Zhao, Yilong Hu, Shulin Liu, Haiyang Nan, Xiaoming Li, Chao Fang, Dong Cao, Xinyi Shi, Lingping Kong, Tong Su, Fengge Zhang, Shichen Li, Zheng Wang, Xiaohui Yuan, Elroy R Cober, James L Weller, Baohui Liu, Xingliang Hou, Zhixi Tian, Fanjiang Kong
Soybean is a major legume crop originating in temperate regions, and photoperiod responsiveness is a key factor in its latitudinal adaptation. Varieties from temperate regions introduced to lower latitudes mature early and have extremely low grain yields. Introduction of the long-juvenile (LJ) trait extends the vegetative phase and improves yield under short-day conditions, thereby enabling expansion of cultivation in tropical regions. Here we report the cloning and characterization of J, the major classical locus conferring the LJ trait, and identify J as the ortholog of Arabidopsis thaliana EARLY FLOWERING 3 (ELF3)...
March 20, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318463/decreasing-the-overall-environmental-impact-of-the-dutch-diet-how-to-find-healthy-and-sustainable-diets-with-limited-changes
#2
Gerard Fh Kramer, Marcelo Tyszler, Pieter Van't Veer, Hans Blonk
OBJECTIVE: To find diets optimised on nutrition and environmental impact close to the current Dutch diet and to identify the most effective and acceptable options for mitigating environmental impact. DESIGN: Linear programming was used to optimise diets of Dutch men and women aged 9-69 years, divided into ten age-gender groups. The analysis included nutrient composition, a metric for popularity and life cycle assessments of 207 food products. Greenhouse gas emissions, fossil energy use and land occupation were used to calculate a weighted score for the overall environmental impact...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303705/the-sense-of-life-satisfaction-versus-dietary-choices-of-young-women-doing-fitness-for-recreational-purposes
#3
Maria Gacek
Background: : The health potential of a person can be improved thanks to recreational physical activity and rational diet. The sense of life satisfaction is also one of significant health resources. Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the relations between the level of life satisfaction and the frequency of consuming selected products in the group of young women who engage in fitness for recreational purposes. Material and Methods: The study involved 200 young women (20-30 years old) who regularly do recreational physical activity in fitness clubs in Małopolska...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303381/differences-in-dietary-intake-during-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer-patients-compared-to-women-without-cancer
#4
Y C de Vries, M M G A van den Berg, J H M de Vries, S Boesveldt, J Th C M de Kruif, N Buist, A Haringhuizen, M Los, D W Sommeijer, J H N Timmer-Bonte, H W M van Laarhoven, M Visser, E Kampman, R M Winkels
PURPOSE: Breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy often experience symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite that potentially affect dietary habits. This study assessed the intake of energy, macronutrients and food groups before and during chemotherapy in breast cancer patients compared with women without cancer, and determined the association between symptoms and energy and macronutrient intake. METHODS: This study included 117 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients scheduled for chemotherapy and 88 women without cancer...
March 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303047/physicochemical-characterization-antioxidant-and-anticancer-activities-of-proteins-from-four-legume-species
#5
Zhongqin Chen, Jingya Wang, Wei Liu, Haixia Chen
The physicochemical, functional, antioxidant and anticancer properties of protein isolates from the seeds of Soybean (SP), Black soybean (BSP), Adzuki bean (ABP), and Mung bean (MBP) were comparatively characterized. The difference was found in the protein composition and physicochemical properties of the four types of legume proteins, which affected the functional properties and bioactivities. BSP and SP had six predominant proteins with a molecular weight (MW) range of 20-95 kDa, whereas ABP and MBP showed the most intense bands of 48 kDa...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303039/nutritional-properties-of-green-gram-germinated-in-mineral-fortified-soak-water-ii-effect-of-cooking-on-total-and-bioaccessible-nutrients-and-bioactive-components
#6
Morteza Oghbaei, Jamuna Prakash
The effect of pressure and microwave cooking on total and bioaccessible nutrients and bioactive components in whole and dehulled green gram (GG) germinated in mineral fortified soak water was studied. Whole GG was soaked in water fortified with iron (100 or 200 mg/100 ml) or zinc (50 or 100 mg/100 ml), germinated, cooked by two methods and analyzed. Results showed that method of cooking did not affect the nutrient composition of whole or dehulled grains, however, phytic acid and dietary fiber were higher in microwave cooked samples...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302185/in-vitro-ruminal-fermentation-characteristics-and-utilisable-cp-supply-of-sainfoin-and-birdsfoot-trefoil-silages-and-their-mixtures-with-other-legumes
#7
A Grosse Brinkhaus, U Wyss, Y Arrigo, M Girard, G Bee, J O Zeitz, M Kreuzer, F Dohme-Meier
The extensive protein degradation occurring during ensiling decreases the nutritive value of silages, but this might be counteracted by tannins. Therefore, silages from two legume species containing condensed tannins (CT) - sainfoin (SF) and birdsfoot trefoil (two cultivars: birdsfoot trefoil, cv. Bull (BTB) and birdsfoot trefoil, cv. Polom) - were compared for their in vitro ruminal fermentation characteristics. The effect of combining them with two CT-free legume silages (lucerne (LU) and red clover (RC)) was also determined...
April 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299520/on-farm-feeding-interventions-to-increase-milk-production-in-lactating-dairy-cows
#8
Metha Wanapat, Suban Foiklang, Kampanat Phesatcha, Chainarong Paoinn, Thiwakorn Ampapon, Thitima Norrapoke, Sungchhang Kang
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of tropical legume (Phaseolus calcaratus) mixed with ruzi grass feeding on the performance of lactating dairy cows. Eighty-eight lactating dairy cows from 22 smallholder dairy farms northeast of Thailand were assigned to respective dietary treatments according to a Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD). Four cows were selected from each farm and were allocated into two different feeding groups as follows: ruzi grass and P. calcaratus mixed with ruzi grass (1:1 ratio), respectively...
March 15, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298518/evidence-for-ancient-origins-of-bowman-birk-inhibitors-from-selaginella-moellendorffii
#9
Amy Midori James, Achala S Jayasena, Jingjing Zhang, Oliver Berkowitz, David Secco, Gavin J Knott, James Whelan, Charles Bond, Joshua S Mylne
Bowman-Birk Inhibitors (BBIs) are a well-known family of plant protease inhibitors first described 70 years ago. BBIs are known only in the legume (Fabaceae) and cereal (Poaceae) families, but peptides that mimic their trypsin inhibitory loops exist in sunflowers and frogs. The disparate biosynthetic origins and distant phylogenetic distribution implies these loops evolved independently, but their structural similarity suggests a common ancestor. Targeted bioinformatic searches for the BBI inhibitory loop discovered highly divergent BBI like sequences in the seedless, vascular spikemoss Selaginella moellendorffii...
March 14, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296004/nitrogen-modulation-of-medicago-truncatula-resistance-to-aphanomyces-euteiches-depends-on-plant-genotype
#10
Elise Thalineau, Carine Fournier, Antoine Gravot, David Wendehenne, Sylvain Jeandroz, Hoai-Nam Truong
Nitrogen (N) availability can impact plant resistance to pathogens by regulating plant immunity. To better understand the links between N nutrition and plant defence, we analysed the impact of N availability on Medicago truncatula resistance to the root pathogen Aphanomyces euteiches. This oomycete is considered as the most limiting factor for legume production. Ten plant genotypes were tested in vitro for their resistance to A. euteiches in either complete or N-deficient medium. N-deficiency led to enhanced or reduced susceptibility depending on plant genotype...
March 15, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294361/nutritive-quality-and-protein-production-from-grain-legumes-in-a-boreal-climate
#11
Clara I Lizarazo, Anna-Maija Lampi, Jingwei Liu, Tuula Sontag-Strohm, Vieno Piironen, Frederick L Stoddard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294226/insight-into-the-gastro-duodenal-digestion-resistance-of-soybean-proteins-and-potential-implications-for-residual-immunogenicity
#12
Elisabetta De Angelis, Rosa Pilolli, Simona L Bavaro, Linda Monaci
Soy is an important component of the human diet thanks to its nutritional value and high protein content; however, it also represents a risk for allergenic consumers due to its potential to trigger adverse reactions in sensitized individuals. The putative correlation between immunoreactivity and resistance to the human gastrointestinal (GI) digestion has drawn attention to investigating soybean proteins digestibility. In this work, we provided further insights into this field by performing in vitro simulated GI digestion experiments directly on ground soybean seeds, to provide more realistic results obtained from the digestion of the whole food matrix...
March 15, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294150/dietary-patterns-and-the-risk-of-rhinitis-in-primary-school-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Xudong Liu, Claudie Chiu-Yi Wong, Ignatius T S Yu, Zilong Zhang, Lixing Tan, Arthur P S Lau, Albert Lee, Eng Kiong Yeoh, Xiang Qian Lao
This study was to investigate the association between dietary patterns and rhinitis in primary school children. 1,599 students without rhinitis at baseline survey were selected from a primary school children cohort. Information on food consumption, respiratory symptoms, and confounders was collected using questionnaires. Dietary patterns were defined using principal component analysis. Logistic regression was performed to calculate odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). The incidence of rhinitis during 12 months follow-up was 21...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287176/de-novo-and-reference-transcriptome-assembly-of-transcripts-expressed-during-flowering-provide-insight-into-seed-setting-in-tetraploid-red-clover
#14
Mallikarjuna Rao Kovi, Helga Amdahl, Muath Alsheikh, Odd Arne Rognli
Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is one of the most important legume forage species in temperate livestock agriculture. Tetraploid red clover cultivars are generally producing less seed than diploid cultivars. Improving the seed setting potential of tetraploid cultivars is necessary to utilize the high forage quality and environmentally sustainable nitrogen fixation ability of red clover. In the current study, our aim was to identify candidate genes involved in seed setting. Two genotypes, 'Tripo' with weak seed setting and 'Lasang' with strong seed setting were selected for transcriptome analysis...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285657/two-component-regulatory-system-acts-actr-is-required-for-sinorhizobium-meliloti-adaptation-to-oxidative-stress
#15
Guirong Tang, Sunjun Wang, Dawei Lu, Leqi Huang, Ningning Li, Li Luo
The two-component system ActS/ActR plays important roles in bacterial adaptation to abiotic stress, including acid tolerance and oxidant resistance. However, the underlying regulatory mechanism is not clear. In this study, we found that the ActS/ActR system is required for adaptation to oxidative stress by regulating the transcription of the genes actR, katB, gshA and gshB1. The actS and actR mutants were sensitive to low pH and oxidants such as H2O2, oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP)...
May 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285373/rhizobia-a-potential-biocontrol-agent-for-soilborne-fungal-pathogens
#16
REVIEW
Krishnashis Das, Radha Prasanna, Anil Kumar Saxena
Rhizobia are a group of organisms that are well known for their ability to colonize root surfaces and form symbiotic associations with legume plants. They not only play a major role in biological nitrogen fixation but also improve plant growth and reduce disease incidence in various crops. Rhizobia are known to control the growth of many soilborne plant pathogenic fungi belonging to different genera like Fusarium, Rhizoctonia, Sclerotium, and Macrophomina. Antagonistic activity of rhizobia is mainly attributed to production of antibiotics, hydrocyanic acid (HCN), mycolytic enzymes, and siderophore under iron limiting conditions...
March 12, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283520/biogeography-of-a-novel-clade-of-ensifer-meliloti-associated-with-the-australian-legume-trigonella-suavissima
#17
Bertrand Eardly, Patrick Elia, John Brockwell, Daniel Golemboski, Peter van Berkum
Here we describe a novel clade within Ensifer meliloti and consider how geographic and ecological isolation contributed to the limited distribution of this group. Members of the genus Ensifer are best known for their ability to form nitrogen-fixing symbioses with forage legumes of three related genera, Medicago L., Melilotus Mill., and Trigonella L., which are members of the tribe Trifoleae. They have a natural distribution extending from the Mediterranean basin through west Asia, where there is an unsurpassed number of species belonging to these genera...
March 10, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282950/development%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-gene-based%C3%A2-ssr%C3%A2-markers%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-winged%C3%A2-bean%C3%A2-psophocarpus%C3%A2-tetragonolobus%C3%A2-l-%C3%A2-dc-%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-diversity%C3%A2-assessment
#18
Quin Nee Wong, Alberto Stefano Tanzi, Wai Kuan Ho, Sunir Malla, Martin Blythe, Asha Karunaratne, Festo Massawe, Sean Mayes
Winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) is an herbaceous multipurpose legume grown in hot and humid countries as a pulse, vegetable (leaves and pods), or root tuber crop depending on local consumption preferences. In addition to its different nutrient-rich edible parts which could contribute to food and nutritional security, it is an efficient nitrogen fixer as a component of sustainable agricultural systems. Generating genetic resources and improved lines would help to accelerate the breeding improvement of this crop, as the lack of improved cultivars adapted to specific environments has been one of the limitations preventing wider use...
March 9, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280027/draft-genome-assembly-of-colletotrichum-chlorophyti-a-pathogen-of-herbaceous-plants
#19
P Gan, M Narusaka, A Tsushima, Y Narusaka, Y Takano, K Shirasu
Colletotrichum chlorophyti is a fungal pathogen that infects various herbaceous plants, including crops such as legumes, tomato, and soybean. Here, we present the genome of C. chlorophyti NTL11, isolated from tomato. Analysis of this genome will allow a clearer understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying fungal host range and pathogenicity.
March 9, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276145/ljmot1-a-high-affinity-molybdate-transporter-from-lotus-japonicus-is-essential-for-molybdate-uptake-but-not-for-the-delivery-to-nodules
#20
Guilan Duan, Tsuneo Hakoyama, Takehiro Kamiya, Hiroki Miwa, Fabien Lombardo, Shusei Sato, Satoshi Tabata, Zheng Chen, Toshihiro Watanabe, Takuro Shinano, Toru Fujiwara
Molybdenum (Mo) is an essential nutrient for plants, and is required for nitrogenase activity of legumes. However, the pathways of Mo uptake from soils and then delivery to the nodules have not been characterized in legumes. In this study, we characterized a high-affinity Mo transporter (LjMOT1) from Lotus japonicus. Mo concentrations in an ethyl methanesulfonate-mutagenized line (ljmot1) decreased by 70-95% compared with wild type (WT). By comparing the DNA sequences of four AtMOT1 homologs between mutant and WT lines, one point mutation was found in LjMOT1, which altered Trp(292) to a stop codon; no mutation was found in the other homologous genes...
March 9, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
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