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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230416/legume-consumption-and-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality
#1
REVIEW
Hua Li, Jinmeng Li, Yegen Shen, Jie Wang, Depu Zhou
Background: Legume consumption is suggested to have protective effects against cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in the general population, but the results have been equivocal. We conducted a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies to assess the association between legume consumption and risk of CVD mortality and all-cause mortality. Methods and Results: Medline (via Ovid) and EMBASE (via Ovid) databases were searched through April 2017 to identify eligible studies...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228298/seedstor-a-germplasm-information-management-system-and-public-database
#2
R S P Horler, A Turner, P Fretter, M Ambrose
SeedStor (https://www.seedstor.ac.uk) acts as the publicly available database for the seed collections held by the Germplasm Resources Unit (GRU) based at the John Inness Centre, Norwich, UK. The GRU is a national capability supported by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). The GRU curates' germplasm collections of a range of temperate cereal, legume and Brassica crops and their associated wild relatives as well as precise genetic stocks, near-isogenic lines and mapping populations...
December 8, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228264/co-invading-symbiotic-mutualists-of-medicago-polymorpha-retain-high-ancestral-diversity-and-contain-diverse-accessory-genomes
#3
Stephanie S Porter, Joshua J Faber-Hammond, Maren L Friesen
Exotic, invasive plants and animals can wreak havoc on ecosystems by displacing natives and altering environmental conditions. However, much less is known about the identities or evolutionary dynamics of the symbiotic microbes that accompany invasive species. Most leguminous plants rely upon symbiotic rhizobium bacteria to fix nitrogen, and are incapable of colonizing areas devoid of compatible rhizobia. We compare the genomes of symbiotic rhizobia in a portion of the legume's invaded range, with those of the rhizobium symbionts from across the legume's native range...
December 6, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227275/antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-georgian-leguminous-crops-cultures
#4
I Chkhikvishvili, T Mamniashvili, N Gogia, M Enukidze, M Machavariani, T Sanikidze
The aim of the study was to identify the common in Georgia leguminous crops culture with pronounced antioxidant, anti-inflammatory activity. The primary evaluation of the antiinflammatory effects of beans was performed on the experimental models of MDCK and Jurkat cells model systems. Extracts of various varieties of legumes (Beans "Kidney", Meadow beans, Beans Shulavera, Batumian beans, Beans "Udelebi", green peas, peas Shulavera, lentils Lens Culinaris, Soy) were added to the intact or incubated under oxidative stress conditions Jurkat and MDCK cells...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226306/symbioses-with-nitrogen-fixing-bacteria-nodulation-and-phylogenetic-data-across-legume-genera
#5
Michelle E Afkhami, D Luke Mahler, Jean H Burns, Marjorie G Weber, Martin F Wojciechowski, Janet Sprent, Sharon Y Strauss
How species interactions shape global biodiversity and influence diversification is a central - but also data-hungry - question in evolutionary ecology. Microbially-based mutualisms are widespread and could cause diversification by ameliorating stress and thus allowing organisms to colonize and adapt to otherwise unsuitable habitats. Yet the role of these interactions in generating species diversity has received limited attention, especially across large taxonomic groups. In the massive angiosperm family Leguminosae, plants often associate with root-nodulating bacteria that ameliorate nutrient stress by fixing atmospheric nitrogen...
December 11, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224356/heating-and-soaking-influence-the-in-vitro-hindgut-fermentation-in-pigs-of-tropical-legume-grains
#6
Julieta Torres, Luz Munoz, Michael Peters, Carlos Montoya
The effect of different thermal (raw versus autoclaving or boiling for 5 and 20 min) and soaking (with or without) treatments on the in vitro hindgut fermentation in pigs of undigested residue collected after in vitro foregut digestion of tropical legumes' grains (Canavalia brasiliensis; Lablab purpureus; pink, red and white Vigna unguiculata) were investigated. The undigested residue was fermented with a pig faecal inoculum to determine fermentability, gas and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) productions. Soaked raw legumes increased the production of SCFAs (e...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223530/diet-quality-of-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-and-the-impact-of-nutritional-counseling
#7
Andréia Silva Fernandes, Christiane Ishikawa Ramos, Fabiana Baggio Nerbass, Lilian Cuppari
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to evaluate the quality of the diet of nondialysis-dependent patients with chronic kidney disease and to investigate the impact of dietary counseling in the quality of the diet of these patients. METHODS: In the cross-sectional analysis, 3-day food records of 100 nondialysis-dependent patients with chronic kidney disease patients, in the first visit to the renal dietitians, were evaluated using the Diet Quality Index (DQI)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223341/genetic-resistance-against-viruses-in-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-state-of-the-art-and-future-prospects
#8
REVIEW
Chouaïb Meziadi, Sophie Blanchet, Valérie Geffroy, Stéphanie Pflieger
Viruses are obligate parasites that replicate intracellularly in many living organisms, including plants. Consequently, no chemicals are available that target only the virus without impacting host cells or vector organisms. The use of natural resistant varieties appears as the most reliable control strategy and remains the best and cheapest option in managing virus diseases, especially in the current ecological context of preserving biodiversity and environment in which the use of phytosanitary products becomes limited...
December 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218056/respiratory-burst-oxidase-homolog-gene-a-is-crucial-for-rhizobium-infection-and-nodule-maturation-and-function-in-common-bean
#9
Manoj-Kumar Arthikala, Jesús Montiel, Rosana Sánchez-López, Noreide Nava, Luis Cárdenas, Carmen Quinto
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by respiratory burst oxidase homologs (RBOHs) regulate numerous plant cell processes, including the symbiosis between legumes and nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Rapid and transient ROS production was reported after Phaseolus vulgaris root hairs were treated with Nod factors, indicating the presence of a ROS-associated molecular signature in the symbiosis signaling pathway. Rboh is a multigene family containing nine members (RbohA-I) in P. vulgaris. RNA interference of RbohB suppresses ROS production and attenuates rhizobial infection thread (IT) progression in P...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217921/dietary-patterns-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-gaza-strip-palestine
#10
Abdel Hamid El Bilbeisi, Saeed Hosseini, Kurosh Djafarian
Background: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is raising worldwide; however, the role of diet in the origin of metabolic syndrome is not understood well. This study identifies major dietary patterns among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with and without metabolic syndrome; and its association with metabolic syndrome components in Gaza Strip, Palestine. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among 1200 previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (both genders, aged 20 - 64 years) patients receiving care in primary healthcare centers in Gaza Strip, Palestine...
May 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216408/a-cold-responsive-erf-from-medicago-falcata-confers-cold-tolerance-by-up-regulation-of-polyamine-turnover-antioxidant-protection-and-proline-accumulation
#11
Chunliu Zhuo, Lu Liang, Yaqing Zhao, Zhenfei Guo, Shaoyun Lu
ERF subfamily transcription factors play an important role in plant abiotic and biotic stress tolerance. A cold responsive ethylene responsive factor (ERF), MfERF1, was isolated from Medicago falcata, an important forage legume that has great cold tolerance. Overexpression of MfERF1 resulted in an increased tolerance to freezing and chilling in transgenic tobacco plants, while down-regulation of the ortholog of MfERF1 in M. truncatula resulted in reduced freezing tolerance in RNAi plants. Higher transcript levels of some stress responsive genes (CHN50, OSM, ERD10C, and SAMS) and those involved in spermidine (Spd) and spermine (Spm) synthesis (SAMDC1, SAMDC2, SPDS1, SPDS2, and SPMS) and catabolism (PAO) were observed in transgenic plants than in WT...
December 7, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216402/soyasaponins-a-new-class-of-root-exudates-in-soybean-glycine-max
#12
Yuhei Tsuno, Teruhisa Fujimatsu, Keiji Endo, Akifumi Sugiyama, Kazufumi Yazaki
Root exudates are plant metabolites secreted from the roots into the soil. These exudates are involved in many important biological processes, including acquisition of nutrients, defense, and signaling to rhizosphere bacteria, such as isoflavones of soybean crucial for the symbiosis with rhizobium. Less is known, however, about other types of root exudates. This study shows that soybean roots secrete large amounts of soyasaponins (triterpenoid glycosides) as root exudates. The soyasaponins are classified into four groups, with group A being the most secreted of these compounds, whereas DDMP soyasaponins being the group showing greatest accumulation in root tissues, suggesting a selection system for secreted compounds...
December 4, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215971/a-mediterranean-style-dietary-intervention-supplemented-with-fish-oil-improves-diet-quality-and-mental-health-in-people-with-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial-helfimed
#13
Natalie Parletta, Dorota Zarnowiecki, Jihyun Cho, Amy Wilson, Svetlana Bogomolova, Anthony Villani, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Theo Niyonsenga, Sarah Blunden, Barbara Meyer, Leonie Segal, Bernhard T Baune, Kerin O'Dea
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether a Mediterranean-style diet (MedDiet) supplemented with fish oil can improve mental health in adults suffering depression. METHODS: Adults with self-reported depression were randomized to receive fortnightly food hampers and MedDiet cooking workshops for 3 months and fish oil supplements for 6 months, or attend social groups fortnightly for 3 months. Assessments at baseline, 3 and 6 months included mental health, quality of life (QoL) and dietary questionnaires, and blood samples for erythrocyte fatty acid analysis...
December 7, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214636/evolution-of-microrna827-targeting-in-the-plant-kingdom
#14
Wei-Yi Lin, Yen-Yu Lin, Su-Fen Chiang, Cueihuan Syu, Li-Ching Hsieh, Tzyy-Jen Chiou
Unlike most ancient microRNAs, which conservatively target homologous genes across species, microRNA827 (miR827) targets two different types of SPX (SYG1/PHO81/XPR1)-domain-containing genes, NITROGEN LIMITATION ADAPTATION (NLA) and PHOSPHATE TRANSPORTER 5 (PHT5), in Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa to regulate phosphate (Pi) transport and storage, respectively. However, how miR827 shifted its target preference and its evolutionary history are unknown. Based on target prediction analysis, we found that in most angiosperms, miR827 conservatively targets PHT5 homologs, but in Brassicaceae and Cleomaceae it preferentially targets NLA homologs, and we provide evidence for the transition of target preference during Brassicales evolution...
December 5, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212827/diet-quality-is-associated-with-disability-and-symptom-severity-in-multiple-sclerosis
#15
Kathryn C Fitzgerald, Tuula Tyry, Amber Salter, Stacey S Cofield, Gary Cutter, Robert Fox, Ruth Ann Marrie
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between diet quality and intake of specific foods with disability and symptom severity in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: In 2015, participants in the North American Research Committee on MS (NARCOMS) Registry completed a dietary screener questionnaire that estimates intake of fruits, vegetables and legumes, whole grains, added sugars, and red/processed meats. We constructed an overall diet quality score for each individual based on these food groups; higher scores denoted a healthier diet...
December 6, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211775/potential-to-curb-the-environmental-burdens-of-american-beef-consumption-using-a-novel-plant-based-beef-substitute
#16
Benjamin Goldstein, Rebekah Moses, Norman Sammons, Morten Birkved
The food demands of the United States (US) impart significant environmental pressures. The high rate of consumption of beef has been shown to be the largest driver of food-borne greenhouse gas emissions, water use and land occupation in the US diet. The environmental benefits of substituting animal products with vegetal foods are well documented, but significant psychological barriers persist in reducing meat consumption. Here we use life cycle assessment to appraise the environmental performance of a novel vegetal protein source in the mean US diet where it replaces ground beef, and in vegetarian and vegan diets where it substitutes for legumes, tofu and other protein sources...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211012/comparative-analysis-of-the-nitrogen-effect-of-common-agricultural-practices-and-rotation-systems-in-a-rainfed-mediterranean-environment
#17
Panagiotis Dalias, Damianos Neocleous
The nitrogen (N) effect of legumes is one of the main reasons for their inclusion in rotation systems and their success in rainfed agriculture of Mediterranean areas. The comparative analysis of this effect in relation to alternative systems or practices is essential for a comprehensive appreciation in their merit. This field experiment was comprised of four three-year rotation cycles. Wheat (Triticum turgidum durum) was seeded for two consecutive years after common vetch (Vicia sativa L.), treated in three different ways, and after fallow and compared with three wheat monocultures: the conventional one, the continuous straw incorporation, and the sewage sludge incorporation once every three years...
December 6, 2017: Plants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210451/inactivation-methods-of-trypsin-inhibitor-in-legumes-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Sara Avilés-Gaxiola, Cristina Chuck-Hernández, Sergio O Serna Saldívar
Seed legumes have played a major role as a crop worldwide, being cultivated on about 12% to 15% of Earth's arable land; nevertheless, their use is limited by, among other things, the presence of several antinutritional factors (ANFs - naturally occurring metabolites that the plant produces to protect itself from pest attacks.) Trypsin inhibitors (TIs) are one of the most relevant ANFs because they reduce digestion and absorption of dietary proteins. Several methods have been developed in order to inactivate TIs, and of these, thermal treatments are the most commonly used...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210053/food-groups-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer
#19
Lukas Schwingshackl, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Anne Laure Preterre, Khalid Iqbal, Angela Bechthold, Stefaan De Henauw, Nathalie Michels, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Heiner Boeing, Sabrina Schlesinger
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to summarize the evidence on the relation between intake of 12 major food groups, including whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruit, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages with risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). We conducted a systematic search in PubMed and Embase for prospective studies investigating the association between these 12 food groups and risk of CRC until April 2017. Summary risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using a random effects model for high vs...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209289/co-existence-of-rhizobia-and-diverse-non-rhizobial-bacteria-in-the-rhizosphere-and-nodules-of-dalbergia-odorifera-seedlings-inoculated-with-bradyrhizobium-elkanii-rhizobium-multihospitium-like-and-burkholderia-pyrrocinia-like-strains
#20
Junkun Lu, Fucheng Yang, Shengkun Wang, Haibin Ma, Junfeng Liang, Yinglong Chen
Rhizobia induce root nodules and fix atmospheric N2 for most legume species in exchange for carbon. However, the diverse endophytic non-rhizobial bacteria in legume nodules that co-exist with rhizobia are often ignored because they are difficult to cultivate using routine cultivation approaches. To enhance our understanding of the incidence and diversity of legume-bacteria associations, a high-throughput sequencing analysis of bacterial 16S rRNA genes was used to examine the bacterial community in the rhizospheres and root nodules of Dalbergia odorifera seedlings that were uninoculated or inoculated with Bradyrhizobium elkanii H255, Rhizobium multihospitium-like HT221, or Burkholderia pyrrocinia-like H022238, in two growth media (nitrogen [N]-supplied soil or N-omitted potting mix)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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