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Erin Cameron, Pamela Ward, Sue Ann Mandville-Anstey, Alyssa Coombs
While most body image research has focused on young female populations, evidence has shown that as few as 12% of older women are satisfied with their body size. Recent studies have also highlighted how anti-aging discourses are promoting unrealistic body norms, which have shown to contribute to poor body image and altered health behaviors. A systematic review of empirical studies focused on older women's perspectives of health, body image, and the aging body is presented. Findings support that body image is a persistent, lifelong issue for women and should be considered when implementing healthy aging policies and practices...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Women & Aging
Rohan Hazra, Susan Tenney, Alexandra Shlionskaya, Rajni Samavedam, Kristin Baxter, John Ilekis, Jennifer Weck, Marian Willinger, Gilman Grave, Katerina Tsilou, David Songco
The benefits of data sharing are well-established and an increasing number of policies require that data be shared upon publication of the main study findings. As data sharing becomes the new norm, there is a heightened need for additional resources to drive efficient data reuse. This article describes the development and implementation of the Data and Specimen Hub (DASH) by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) to promote data sharing from NICHD-funded studies and enable researchers to comply with NIH data sharing policies...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Data
Żaneta Bargańska, Dimitra Lambropoulou, Jacek Namieśnik
Bumblebees play an important role in the pollination process of many crops and flowers. Therefore, taking action to protect and assess the impact of pesticides on these insects is fully justified. Pesticides may cause mortality and also sub-lethal effects that are not always directly visible. Bumblebees, like honeybees, can be used as indicators for environmental monitoring contamination. Two approaches are mainly used for the determination of pesticide residues in pollinating insects: a toxicological test (to know effects) and multi-stage analytical methodologies (to know exposure)...
March 20, 2018: Critical Reviews in Analytical Chemistry
Mary H Hayden, Erika Barrett, Guyah Bernard, Eunice N Toko, Maurice Agawo, Amanda M Okello, Jayleen K L Gunn, Kacey C Ernst
Increasing the active participation of professional women in vector control (VC) activities may help promote greater gender equity in the workplace and reduce the burden of vector-borne diseases. This stakeholder survey examined the current roles and perspective of professionals employed in the VC sector in Kenya, Indonesia, India, and other countries. The largest barriers that women face in pursuing leadership roles in the VC sector include lack of awareness of career opportunities, limitations based on cultural norms, and the belief that VC is men's work...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Bernd Zimmer, Hiba Sino
PURPOSE: To analyze common values of bracket torque (Andrews, Roth, MBT, Ricketts) for their validity in achieving incisor inclinations that are considered normal by different cephalometric standards. METHODS: Using the equations developed in part 1 (eU1(BOP) = 90° - BT(U1) - TCA(U1) + α1 - α2 and eL1(BOP) = 90° - BT(L1) - TCA(L1) + β1 - β2 ) (abbreviations see part 1) and the mean values (± SD) obtained as statistical measures in parts 1 and 2 of the study (α1 and β1 [1...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Ronald L Eisenberg, Long H Ngo, Benedikt H Heidinger, Alexander A Bankier
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To analyze the pattern and longitudinal evolution of honorary authorship in major radiology journals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this Institutional Review Board-approved study, an electronic survey was sent to first authors of original research articles published in the American Journal of Roentgenology, European Radiology, the Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, and Radiology during 2 years (July 2014 through June 2016). Questions addressed the perception of honorary authorship and contributing factors, as well as demographic information...
March 16, 2018: Academic Radiology
Martin Lorenz Eisinger, Laiyin Nie, Aline Ricarda Dörrbaum, Julian David Langer, Hartmut Michel
Multidrug resistance (MDR) in bacterial pathogens has become a severe threat to public health. Membrane transporters of the multidrug and toxic compound extrusion (MATE) family contribute critically to MDR, making them promising drug targets. Despite recent advances, structures in different conformations and the mechanistic details of their antiport cycle are still elusive. Here we studied NorM_PS, a representative MATE transporter from Pseudomonas stutzeri, using biochemical assays in combination with hydrogen/deuterium exchange-mass spectrometry (HDX-MS)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Molecular Biology
Linda Waldman, Tanvir Ahmed, Nigel Scott, Shahinoor Akter, Hilary Standing, Sabrina Rasheed
BACKGROUND: Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) which enable people to access, use and promote health information through digital technology, promise important health systems innovations which can challenge gatekeepers' control of information, through processes of disintermediation. College students, in pursuit of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information, are particularly affected by gatekeeping as strong social and cultural norms restrict their access to information and services...
March 20, 2018: Globalization and Health
Ting Li, Yang Claire Yang, Yanlong Zhang
This study examined the patterns of social-network types and their relative survival benefits among Chinese older adults. We examined how macro-level social factors such as cultural norms and unbalanced regional economic development shaped older people's network behaviors, and whether these factors could moderate the association between network types and mortality. Using data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (2008-2014), we identified four network types-diverse, friend-focused, family-focused, and restricted-based on individuals' social network measures...
March 12, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Amy Bleakley, Amy Jordan, Morgan E Ellithorpe, DeAnn Lazovich, Sara Grossman, Karen Glanz
Indoor tanning is a risk factor for melanoma among young white women. Health communications can be an effective way of reaching this population and promoting behavior change. The purpose of this study was (i) to investigate the associations between intention to quit indoor tanning and attitudes, normative pressure, and efficacy about quitting, and (ii) to identify beliefs about quitting indoor tanning that can be used to design effective health communication messages to reduce skin cancer risk. A national online survey was conducted with 279 non-Hispanic white women ages 18-25 in the USA who are indoor tanners...
March 15, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Tsung-Ching Lin, Liming Hou, Hongqing Liu, Yong Li, Trieu-Kien Truong
The problem of blind image recovery using multiple blurry images of the same scene is addressed in this paper. To perform blind deconvolution, which is also called blind image recovery, the blur kernel and image are represented by groups of sparse domains to exploit the local and nonlocal information such that a novel joint deblurring approach is conceived. In the proposed approach, the group sparse regularization on both the blur kernel and image is provided, where the sparse solution is promoted by -norm...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Zachary S Ballard, Calvin Brown, Aydogan Ozcan
The microbiome has been heralded as a gauge of and contributor to both human health and environmental conditions. Current challenges in probing, engineering, and harnessing the microbiome stem from its microscopic and nanoscopic nature, diversity and complexity of interactions among its members and hosts, as well as the spatiotemporal sampling and in situ measurement limitations induced by the restricted capabilities and norm of existing technologies, leaving some of the constituents of the microbiome unknown...
March 19, 2018: ACS Nano
Shahenaz Najjar, Nashat Nafouri, Kris Vanhaecht, Martin Euwema
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is the central component of health-care quality. There is a lack of patient safety data in the occupied Palestinian territory. The aim of this study was to assess patient safety and explore relationships between patient safety culture and the prevalence of adverse events at the department level. METHODS: Between May 25, 2009, and June 1, 2010, the Arabic validated Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture was used to measure the norms and perceptions of health professionals regarding safety...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Marwan Diab, Yasser Abu Jamei, Ashraf Kagee, Guido Veronese
BACKGROUND: In the context of violations of human rights and insecurity, the Gaza Community Mental Health Programme (GCMHP) provides mental health services and psychosocial interventions that match local cultural and social norms. The GCMHP uses a community mental health approach to promote the psychological wellbeing of the people living in the Gaza Strip and advocate on mental health issues. METHODS: The GCMHP provides preventive and therapeutic care to a broad public health spectrum of Gazan society...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Hendia Abu Nabaa', Nisreen Shelleh
BACKGROUND: The mammogram is considered a life-saving breast cancer screening procedure for women aged 40 years and older, yet uptake of mammography services by Palestinian women is very low. Breast cancer is the most common cancer, comprising 17% of all reported cancer cases, and the second leading cause of death in women in the occupied Palestinian territory. The aim of this study was to understand the barriers to mammography uptake through an exploratory qualitative study in Ramallah and Salfeet...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Eatimad Shalabi-Abbas, Saba Dweikat, Israa Al Gazawy, Sajeda Draghmah
BACKGROUND: Menstruation is a natural phenomenon that occurs throughout the reproductive life of every woman. The aim of this study was to explore knowledge and self-care practices among Palestinian adolescent girls during their menstrual period. Reproductive health issues in adolescent girls is an important but neglected area of Palestinian research. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study we recruited girls from grades seven, eight, and nine in the three biggest schools for girls in Nablus district...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Lito M Amit, Young-Woong Song
Body surface area (BSA) is an important parameter in the conduct of human exposure studies and in clinical processes in children. The aim of this paper was to compare seven BSA formulas and to find out which of these formulas is appropriate for use with Korean children. Body surface area was calculated according to age, age-group and BMI-group using the height and weight data of Korean children (n = 4899) ages 1 to 18 from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2012-2014). We used the formulas of Banerjee and Bhattacharya (1961), Fujimoto and Watanabe (1969), US EPA (1985), Gehan and George (1970), Boyd (1935), Haycock et al (1978) and Mosteller (1987)...
2018: Journal of UOEH
Jun-Hua Zhang, You-Ping Li, Bo-Li Zhang
The introduction and popularization of evidence-based medicine has opened up a new research field of clinical efficacy evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), produced new research ideas and methods, and promoted the progress of clinical research of TCM. After about 20 years assiduous study and earnest practice, the evidence based evaluation method and technique, which conforms to the characteristics of TCM theory and practice, has been developing continuously. Evidence-based Chinese medicine (EBCM) has gradually formed and become an important branch of evidence-based medicine...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Joshua A Zeichner, Lawrence F Eichenfield, Steven R Feldman, J Scott Kasteler, Ilia L Ferrusi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of rosacea on self-perception, emotional, social, and overall well-being and quality of life in individuals with erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR) and papulopustular rosacea (PPR). DESIGN: We distributed a cross-sectional email invitation for participants in the United States to fill out a web-based survey. PARTICIPANTS: We included adults who reported having previously received a diagnosis of erythematotelangiectatic rosacea or papulopustular rosacea...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Lisa G Sorensen, Katie Neighbors, Regina M Hardison, Kathleen M Loomes, James W Varni, Vicky L Ng, Robert H Squires, Estella M Alonso
OBJECTIVE: To determine health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and neurocognitive impairment in survivors of pediatric acute liver failure (PALF). STUDY DESIGN: A longitudinal prospective study was conducted. At 6 and 12 months after PALF presentation, surveys of HRQoL were completed for 2- to 19-year-olds and executive functioning for ages 2-16 years. At 12 months, patients 3-16 years of age completed neurocognitive testing. HRQoL scores were compared with a healthy, matched sample...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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