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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462817/the-interaction-of-n-acetylcysteine-and-serum-transferrin-promotes-bacterial-biofilm-formation
#1
Supeng Yin, Bei Jiang, Guangtao Huang, Yulong Zhang, Bo You, Yu Chen, Yali Gong, Jing Chen, Zhiqiang Yuan, Yan Zhao, Ming Li, Fuquan Hu, Zichen Yang, Yizhi Peng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a novel and promising agent with activity against bacterial biofilms. Human serum also inhibits biofilm formation by some bacteria. We tested whether the combination of NAC and human serum offers greater anti-biofilm activity than either agent alone. METHODS: Microtiter plate assays and confocal laser scanning microscopy were used to evaluate bacterial biofilm formation in the presence of NAC and human serum. qPCR was used to examine expression of selected biofilm-associated genes...
February 15, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461122/synchronous-delivery-of-oxygen-and-photosensitizer-for-alleviation-of-hypoxia-tumor-microenvironment-and-dramatically-enhanced-photodynamic-therapy
#2
Xiaomeng Guo, Jiaxin Qu, Chunqi Zhu, Wei Li, Lihua Luo, Jie Yang, Xiaoyi Yin, Qingpo Li, Yongzhong Du, Dawei Chen, Yunqing Qiu, Yan Lou, Jian You
Photosensitizer, proper laser irradiation, and oxygen are essential components for effective photodynamic therapy (PDT) in clinical cancer therapy. However, native hypoxic tumoral microenvironment is a major barrier hindering photodynamic reactions in vivo. Thus, we have prepared biocompatible liposomes by loading complexes of oxygen-carrier (hemoglobin, Hb) and photosensitizer (indocyanine green, ICG) for enhanced PDT against hypoxic tumor. Ideal oxygen donor Hb, which is an oxygen-carried protein in red blood cells, makes such liposome which provide stable oxygen supply...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454329/bilateral-acute-angle-closure-glaucoma-following-tramadol-subcutaneous-administration
#3
Anis Mahmoud, Fatma Abid, Imen Ksiaa, Sourour Zina, Riadh Messaoud, Moncef Khairallah
BACKGROUND: To report a case of bilateral acute angle closure-glaucoma following the use of subcutaneous Tramadol. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old healthy man with unremarkable past medical and ocular history, was admitted to the Orthopedic Department for surgical treatment of a bilateral open fracture of the femur following a road accident. Three hoursafterTramadolsubcutaneous injection, the patient complained of a bilateral acute painful visual loss with persistent vomiting...
February 17, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451774/organic-semiconducting-photoacoustic-nanodroplets-for-laser-activatable-ultrasound-imaging-and-combinational-cancer-therapy
#4
Wei Tang, Zhen Yang, Sheng Wang, Zhantong Wang, Jibin Song, Guocan Yu, Wenpei Fan, Yunlu Dai, Jingjing Wang, Lingling Shan, Gang Niu, Quli Fan, Xiaoyuan Chen
Combination of photoacoustic (PA) and ultrasound (US) imaging offers high spatial resolution images with deep tissue penetration, which shows great potential in applications in medical imaging. Development of PA/US dual-contrast agents with high contrast and excellent biocompatibility is of great interest. Herein, an organic semiconducting photoacoustic nanodroplet, PS-PDI-PAnD, is developed by stabilizing low-boiling-point perfluorocarbon (PFC) droplet with a photoabsorber and photoacoustic agent of perylene diimide (PDI) molecules and coencapsulating the droplet with photosensitizers of ZnF16 Pc molecules...
February 21, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450993/near-infrared-photoimmunotherapy-with-combined-exposure-of-external-and-interstitial-light-sources
#5
Yasuhiro Maruoka, Tadanobu Nagaya, Kazuhide Sato, Fusa Ogata, Shuhei Okuyama, Peter L Choyke, Hisataka Kobayashi
Near infrared photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT) is a new target-cell specific cancer treatment that induces highly selective necrotic/immunogenic cell death after systemic administration of a photo-absorber antibody conjugate and subsequent NIR light exposure. However, the depth of NIR light penetration in tissue (approximately 2 centimeters) with external light sources, limits the therapeutic effects of NIR-PIT. Interstitial light exposure using cylindrical diffusing optical fibers can overcome this limitation...
February 16, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447915/comparing-treatment-of-acute-retinal-necrosis-with-either-oral-valaciclovir-or-intravenous-aciclovir
#6
Julijana Baltinas, Sue Lightman, Oren Tomkins-Netzer
PURPOSE: To compare the visual outcomes of patients with acute retinal necrosis (ARN) treated initially with intravenous aciclovir versus oral valaciclovir therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative, interventional case series. METHODS: 62 patients (68 eyes) with ARN, treated at Moorfields Eye Hospital (United Kingdom) between 1992 and 2016, were identified through the hospital's electronic database. Exclusion criteria included insufficient patient records or follow-up (<150 days)...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422100/the-influence-of-norepinephrine-and-phenylephrine-on-cerebral-perfusion-and-oxygenation-during-propofol-remifentanil-and-propofol-remifentanil-dexmedetomidine-anaesthesia-in-piglets
#7
Mai Louise Grandsgaard Mikkelsen, Rikard Ambrus, Rune Rasmussen, James Edward Miles, Helle Harding Poulsen, Finn Borgbjerg Moltke, Thomas Eriksen
BACKGROUND: Vasopressors are frequently used to increase blood pressure in order to ensure sufficient cerebral perfusion and oxygenation (CPO) during hypotensive periods in anaesthetized patients. Efficacy depends both on the vasopressor and anaesthetic protocol used. Propofol-remifentanil total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) is common in human anaesthesia, and dexmedetomidine is increasingly used as adjuvant to facilitate better haemodynamic stability and analgesia. Little is known of its interaction with vasopressors and subsequent effects on CPO...
February 8, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399826/photodynamic-therapy-via-navigational-bronchoscopy-for-peripheral-lung-cancer-in-dogs
#8
Ali I Musani, Julia K Veir, Zheng Huang, Tim Lei, Steve Groshong, Deanna Worley
OBJECTIVE: In the setting of lung cancer, photodynamic therapy (PDT) is typically used to treat centrally located endobronchial tumors. The development of navigational bronchoscopy has opened the potential for using PDT to treat peripheral lung tumors. However, there is limited information about the feasibility of this approach for treating peripheral lung cancers, and about its effects on surrounding healthy lung tissue. We studied the use of PDT delivered by electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy to treat peripheral lung cancer in dogs...
February 5, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384394/prospective-analysis-of-the-port-wine-stain-patient-population-in-the-netherlands-in-light-of-novel-treatment-modalities
#9
M Ingmar van Raath, Caroline A Bambach, Lea M Dijksman, Albert Wolkerstorfer, Michal Heger
BACKGROUND: Pulsed dye laser is the gold standard for port-wine stain (PWS) treatment. However, pulsed dye lasers achieve suboptimal clinical results in a majority of patients. Patient demand for novel therapies and willingness to participate in clinical studies is currently unknown, yet, imperative for steering R&D activity. The objective of this study was to evaluate these two factors in relation to PWS patient demographics. METHODS: A questionnaire was used to assess patient and PWS characteristics, treatment history, efficacy, and satisfaction, stress level, willingness to travel and pay for an effective treatment, participation in clinical studies, and amenability to intravenous drug administration...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376969/-the-commonest-therapeutic-methods-for-laser-irradiation-of-blood
#10
S V Moskvin, T V Konchugova, A А Khadartsev
One of the most widely employed methods of laser therapy is laser irradiation of blood (LIB). There are two modifications of this technique, one being intravenous low-intensity laser irradiation of blood (ILIB), the other non-invasive blood irradiation(NLIB). The two methods have been developing independently since either has its advantages and disadvantages. The present article was designed to review the main currently available techniques for laser irradiation of blood which are presented in the form of tables (charts)...
December 5, 2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376616/-laser-therapy-for-mens-infertility-part-2-systematic-review-of-clinical-trials
#11
O I Apolikhin, S V Moskvin
Male infertility is a multifactorial syndrome associated with a wide range of pathological conditions affecting both the sexual and other body systems: endocrine, nervous, blood, and immune. Laser therapy is a form of modern physiotherapy that applies low-intensity laser irradiation (LILI) in various parts of the body. It is widely used in all areas of modern medicine due to its high efficiency, ease of use, the absence of contraindications and side effects. The authors reviewed the results of 171 studies investigating laser therapy, of which 93 were experimental (20 in Russian and 73 international publications), four clinical and experimental (all in Russian), 74 clinical (73 in Russian and 1 in English)...
December 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373689/central-line-associated-mucor-velutinosus-bloodstream-infection-in-an-immunocompetent-pediatric-patient
#12
Madan Kumar, Barbara Jantausch, Clarivet Torres, Joseph Campos, Adrian Zelazny
We report here the isolation of Mucor velutinosus from multiple blood cultures performed on samples from Broviac catheters and culture of a Broviac insertion-site wound sample from a 6-year-old boy with a history of intestinal failure secondary to chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction, parenteral nutrition, and jejunostomy tube dependence. Examination of a slide from the culture revealed the presence of wide nonseptate hyphae with sporangiophores, columella, and chlamydospores. The fungal isolate was sent to the National Institutes of Health for further evaluation and was identified as Mucor velutinosus by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry and genomic sequencing...
January 24, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359611/evaluation-of-long-term-outcome-and-prognostic-factors-of-feline-squamous-cell-carcinomas-treated-with-photodynamic-therapy-using-liposomal-phosphorylated-meta-tetra-hydroxylphenyl-chlorine
#13
Irene Flickinger, Eva Gasymova, Simona Dietiker-Moretti, Alexander Tichy, Carla Rohrer Bley
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, long-term outcome and prognostic factors of feline squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) treated with photodynamic therapy (PDT). Methods Cats with histologically verified SCC of the head and neck received an intravenous injection of liposomal phosphorylated meta-tetra(hydroxylphenyl)chlorine (mTHPC) and 4 h later 652 nm light was delivered by a diode laser. One group received ⩽10 J/cm2, the other 20 J/cm2. Tumour response and duration were analysed with stage, tumour diameter, location and treatment intensity as prognostic factors...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336463/protein-corona-in-drug-delivery-for-multimodal-cancer-therapy-in-vivo
#14
Eugenia Li Ling Yeo, Patricia Soo Ping Thong, Khee Chee Soo, James Chen Yong Kah
The protein corona is inevitably formed on nanoparticles (NPs) when they are introduced in vivo and has been associated with a reduction in targeting yield, immune recognition and rapid blood clearance, leading to poor tumor accumulation. We have recently shown that it is possible to exploit the protein corona for drug delivery by exploiting it for loading and triggering the release of a photosensitizer Chlorin e6 (Ce6) for simultaneous photodynamic (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) in vitro. Here, we extended our previous in vitro studies to evaluate its effectiveness in vivo...
January 16, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334095/gd3-doped-mose2-nanosheets-used-as-a-theranostic-agent-for-bimodal-imaging-and-highly-efficient-photothermal-cancer-therapy
#15
Jiali Pan, Xufeng Zhu, Xu Chen, Yingyu Zhao, Jie Liu
Recently, two dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) being used as nanomedicine have aroused great interest because of their unique photothermal properties. A simple liquid-phase method was used to prepare gadolinium (Gd3+)-doped molybdenum selenide (MoSe2) nanosheets, and then using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) modification on the surface, MoSe2(Gd3+)-PEG nanosheets were obtained which had high stability in physiological solutions and showed no obvious toxicity in vivo. It revealed that Gd3+ used as a paramagnetic material for MoSe2(Gd3+)-PEG provided a strong contrast effect in magnetic resonance imaging, furthermore, the MoSe2 showed strong absorption in the near infrared region, and therefore, MoSe2(Gd3+)-PEG could be used as contrast agent for photoacoustic imaging (PAI)...
January 15, 2018: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323915/resonance-energy-transfer-promoted-photothermal-and-photodynamic-performance-of-gold-copper-sulfide-yolk-shell-nanoparticles-for-chemophototherapy-of-cancer
#16
Yun Chang, Yan Cheng, Yanlin Feng, Hui Jian, Li Wang, Xiaomin Ma, Xi Li, Haiyuan Zhang
Gold (Au) core@void@copper sulfide (CuS) shell (Au-CuS) yolk-shell nanoparticles (YSNPs) were prepared in the present study for potential chemo-, photothermal, and photodynamic combination therapy, so called "chemophototherapy". The resonance energy transfer (RET) process was utilized in Au-CuS YSNPs to achieve both enhanced photothermal and photodynamic performance compared with those of CuS hollow nanoparticles (HNPs). A series of Au nanomaterials as cores that had different localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) absorption peaks at 520, 700, 808, 860, and 980 nm were embedded in CuS HNPs to screen the most effective Au-CuS YSNPs according to the RET process...
January 11, 2018: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311480/tissue-clearing-techniques-enable-three-dimensional-visualization-of-aerosolized-model-compound-and-lung-structure-at-the-alveolar-scale
#17
Kohei Togami, Anri Kitayama, Takayuki Daisho, Rui Wang, Hitoshi Tada, Sumio Chono
In this study, we examined the usefulness of a tissue-clearing technique for the evaluation of the lung distribution of aerosolized drugs. An aerosol formulation of TexasRed dextran (70 kDa), a model compound of drug carrier for aerosolized drugs, was administered intrapulmonarily to mice using a MicroSprayer, and then DyLight 488-conjugated tomato lectin was administered intravenously to visualize general lung structure via the fluorescent labeling of alveolar and bronchial epithelial cells. Tissue clearing followed by laser scanning confocal microscopy enabled the three-dimensional visualization of intrapulmonary TexasRed dextran and the evaluation of its distribution at the alveolar scale without the preparation of thin tissue sections...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303871/a-systematic-evaluation-of-state-laws-governing-optometric-glaucoma-management-in-the-united-states-up-to-2015
#18
Kevin Chodnicki, Sachin Kalarn, Laura Quinn, Henry Jampel, Osamah Saeedi
PURPOSE: To describe state laws that govern the optometric practice of glaucoma management in the United States and to correlate those laws with state demographics up to 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional ecological study of the 50 United States and the District of Columbia. Regulations governing optometric scope of practice as written by each state Board of Optometry were reviewed. Specific optometric privileges assessed included: ability to manage glaucoma independently, use of diagnostic pharmaceutical agents, use of therapeutic pharmaceutical agents (including topical and oral steroids and other oral pharmaceutical agents), intravenous injections, intraocular injections, therapeutic lasers, presence of defined referral and co-management guidelines, and hours of yearly continuing education needed for glaucoma management...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302668/near-infrared-optical-and-x-ray-computed-tomography-dual-modal-imaging-probe-based-on-novel-lanthanide-doped-k0-3bi0-7f2-4-upconversion-nanoparticles
#19
Ran An, Pengpeng Lei, Peng Zhang, Xia Xu, Jing Feng, Hongjie Zhang
A novel K0.3Bi0.7F2.4 upconversion (UC) matrix has been prepared successfully by a solvothermal method. K0.3Bi0.7F2.4:Yb3+/Ln3+ (Ln = Er, Ho, Tm) upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) show a corresponding excellent upconversion luminescence (UCL) under 980 nm laser irradiation. Especially, the strong near-infrared (NIR) UCL of K0.3Bi0.7F2.4:20% Yb3+/0.5% Tm3+ (abbreviated as BYT) UCNPs is suitable for deep tissue optical imaging. Moreover, the high X-ray absorption coefficient of Bi makes the as-prepared UCNPs favorable for computed tomography (CT) imaging...
January 5, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290824/a-transferrin-conjugated-hollow-nanoplatform-for-redox-controlled-and-targeted-chemotherapy-of-tumor-with-reduced-inflammatory-reactions
#20
Jun Zhou, Menghuan Li, Wei Qi Lim, Zhong Luo, Soo Zeng Fiona Phua, Runlan Huo, Liqi Li, Ke Li, Liangliang Dai, Junjie Liu, Kaiyong Cai, Yanli Zhao
Purpose: In this study, we report the design, development and evaluation of a hollow drug delivery nanoplatform for cancer therapy in vitro and in vivo. This composite nanosystem was prepared by modifying hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSNs) with transferrin (Tf) targeting moieties via redox-liable linkage, and was capable of delivering therapeutic cargos (doxorubicin) specifically to the tumor site and subsequently releasing them in an on-demand manner. Moreover, the Tf corona could simultaneously reduce the inflammatory response after intravenous administration in vivo...
2018: Theranostics
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