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Oxaliplatin lymphoma

Gillian M Keating
Pixantrone (Pixuvri(®)) is an aza-anthracenedione with a novel mode of action that is conditionally approved in the EU for use as monotherapy in adult patients with multiply relapsed or refractory aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). In the randomized, open-label, multinational, phase 3 PIX301 trial in patients with multiply relapsed or refractory aggressive NHL, the complete response (CR) plus unconfirmed CR (uCR) rate at the end of treatment (primary endpoint) was significantly higher with intravenous pixantrone monotherapy than with a single-agent comparator (vinorelbine, oxaliplatin, ifosfamide, etoposide, mitoxantrone or gemcitabine)...
October 18, 2016: Drugs
F Tixier, F Ranchon, A Iltis, N Vantard, V Schwiertz, E Bachy, F Bouafia-Sauvy, C Sarkozy, J F Tournamille, E Gyan, G Salles, C Rioufol
Optimal salvage chemotherapy regimen for patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma remains unclear but often based on platinum regimens. This retrospective study assesses in real life the toxicities profiles of patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoma treated with DHA (dexamethasone, high dose aracytine cytarabine) plus platinum salt (dexamethasone-High dose aracytine (cis)platin (DHAP), dexamethasone-High dose aracytine carboplatin (DHAC), or dexamethasone-High dose aracytine Oxaliplatin (DHAOX)), from February 2007 to May 2013 in 2 French hospitals...
July 5, 2016: Hematological Oncology
Yoon Hee Chung, Daejin Kim
BACKGROUND: Phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) by phosphatidyl-inositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) or inhibition of GSK3β with small-molecule inhibitor attenuates cell survival and proliferation and increases apoptosis in most cancer cell lines. In this study, we investigated the role of phosphorylated GSK3β activated by enhanced toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression in drug-treated colon cancer cells as a model of post-chemotherapy cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of TLR4 stimulation on metastasis and apoptosis in drug-exposed colon cancer cells was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunoblotting...
July 2016: Anticancer Research
Xiao-Mei Jing, Zhi-Hui Zhang, Ping Wu, Shi-Chuan Zhang, Yuan-Rong Ren, Zhu-Juan Xiong, Wen Wei, Lei Luo, Li Li
Extranodal nature killer (NK)/T cell lymphoma (ENKL), nasal type, is a highly aggressive and heterogeneous disease. Here we report a retrospective study of 38 newly-diagnosed ENKL patients treated with pegaspargase, gemcitabine, oxaliplatin (P-Gemox) and sandwiched radiotherapy in our department during 2012-2016. A median of 4 (range, 2-6) (total=141) cycles of P-Gemox were administered. Interim restaging after at least 2 cycles showed complete remission (CR) rate of 23.68%, partial remission (PR) rate of 63...
August 2016: Leukemia Research
Antònia Obrador-Hevia, Margalida Serra-Sitjar, José Rodríguez, Lamiae Belayachi, Leyre Bento, Marta García-Recio, Jose María Sánchez, Priam Villalonga, Antonio Gutiérrez, Silvia Fernández de Mattos
Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive lymphoma subtype that accounts for 6-8% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. The disease is mostly incurable and characterized by a continuous pattern of relapse. Major changes have recently been implemented in the management of MCL, but continuous relapses still mark this disease as a challenge for clinicians. We previously reported the efficacy of GemOx-R (Gemcitabine, Oxaliplatin and Rituximab) in patients with refractory and relapsing MCL. We present results for a larger series with longer follow-up and including high-risk frontline patients, showing an overall response rate of 83%...
September 2016: British Journal of Haematology
Ozlem Gokce, Irem Dogan Turacli, Hacer Ilke Onen, Ozlem Erdem, Elif Erguven Kayaa, Abdullah Ekmekci
Flavopiridol is a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor that promotes cell cycle arrest. We aimed to examine the anti-proliferative effects of the flavopiridol and oxaliplatin combination on p16INK4A deficient melanoma cells B16F10 and also its apoptotic effects on a subcutaneously injected B16F10 allograft melanoma tumor model. Flavopiridol and oxaliplatin treated B16F10 cell viability was determined by MTT assay. C57BL6 mice were injected with B16F10 cells and treated with flavopiridol after tumor implantation...
April 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Jing-Hua Wang, Liang Wang, Cheng-Cheng Liu, Zhong-Jun Xia, Hui-Qiang Huang, Tong-Yu Lin, Wen-Qi Jiang, Yue Lu
Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is an aggressive neoplasm with a poor outcome. Asparaginase-based regimens are recommended for patients with advanced-stage or relapsed/refractory ENKTL. We retrospectively investigated the efficacy and toxicity of combined gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, and pegaspargase (P-gemox) in these patients. A total of 35 patients with newly diagnosed stage III-IV, relapsed or refractory ENKTL were treated with 2 to 8 cycles of P-gemox: gemcitabine (1250 mg/m2) and oxaliplatin (85 mg/m2) injected intravenously and pegaspargase (2500 IU/m2) injected intramuscularly on day 1 and repeated every 2 weeks...
May 17, 2016: Oncotarget
Jing-Hua Wang, Hua Wang, Yan-Jun Wang, Zhong-Jun Xia, Hui-Qiang Huang, Wen-Qi Jiang, Yue Lu
Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is an aggressive neoplasm with a poor outcome. Novel L-asparaginase-based treatment regimens, such as GELOX (gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, and L-asparaginase) and P-gemox (gemcitabine, oxaliplatin, and pegaspargase), have shown promising results against stage IE/IIE ENKTL. To define the general applicability of P-gemox, in a retrospective analysis we examined the efficacy and safety of P-gemox in a cohort of 117 patients with newly diagnosed or relapsed/refractory ENKTL...
June 7, 2016: Oncotarget
T Srikumar, M Markow, B Centeno, S Hoffe, J Tao, H Fernandez, J Strosberg, D Shibata
Synchronous cancers of different primary origin are rare. Here, we describe the case of a patient with concomitant diagnoses of rectal adenocarcinoma and splenic marginal zone lymphoma (smzl). A 57-year-old woman initially presented with abdominal pain. Physical examination and computed tomography demonstrated massive splenomegaly, and a complete blood count revealed microcytic anemia and lymphopenia. During the subsequent evaluation, she presented with hematochezia, melena, and constipation, which prompted gastroenterology referral...
February 2016: Current Oncology
Jae-Cheol Jo, Jin Ho Baek, Je-Hwan Lee, Young-Don Joo, Sung-Hwa Bae, Jung-Lim Lee, Jung-Hee Lee, Dae-Young Kim, Won-Sik Lee, Hun Mo Ryoo, Yunsuk Choi, Hawk Kim, Kyoo-Hyung Lee
AIM: We performed a phase II study to evaluate the efficacy of combination chemotherapy consisting of gemcitabine, dexamethasone and oxaliplatin (GemDOx) as a biweekly regimen and salvage therapy in patients with relapsed or refractory aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). METHODS: Gemcitabine (1000 mg/m(2) ) and oxaliplatin (85 mg/m(2) ) were administered intravenously on days 1 and 15, and dexamethasone (40 mg) was administered orally on days 1-4. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients were enrolled, and most patients had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n = 18)...
June 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
Rana Khalife, Mohammad Hassan Hodroj, Rajaa Fakhoury, Sandra Rizk
Topotecan, a topoisomerase I inhibitor, is an anticancer drug widely used in the therapy of lung, ovarian, colorectal, and breast adenocarcinoma. Due to the primary dose-limiting toxicity of topotecan, which is myelosuppressive, it is necessary to identify other chemotherapeutic agents that can work synergistically with topotecan to increase its efficacy and limit its toxicity. Many studies have shown synergism upon the combination of topotecan with other chemotherapeutic agents such as gemcitabine. Other studies have demonstrated that pre-exposing cells to naturally occurring compounds such as thymoquinone, followed by gemcitabine or oxaliplatin, resulted in higher growth inhibition compared to treatment with gemcitabine or oxaliplatin alone...
March 2016: Planta Medica
Michael S Balzer, Hendrik Eggers, Michael Heuser, Ansgar Reising, Anna Bertram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Annals of Hematology
Liang Wang, Zhi-Hui Wang, Xiao-Qin Chen, Ke-Feng Wang, Hui-Qiang Huang, Zhong-Jun Xia
In recent years, asparaginase-based chemotherapy regimens have produced excellent short-term efficacy in patients with extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL). However, few long-term outcomes have been reported to date. A phase II clinical trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of a combination of gemcitabine, oxaliplatin and asparaginase (GELOX), followed by radiotherapy (RT) in the treatment of localized ENKTL, was reported by this group in 2012. By the time of the present analysis, detailed information had been collected for all 27 patients in the phase II trial, over an extended follow-up period...
August 2015: Oncology Letters
Zhi-Min Wang, Nan Song, Yan-Ling Ren
Several biological properties of icariin have been identified, including its anticancer effect. However, the potential mechanisms underlying the effect of icariin on HepG2 hepatocellular carcinoma cells remain to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of icariin on the proliferation and cytoskeleton of HepG2 cells. A 3‑(4,5‑dimethylthiazol‑2‑yl)‑2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay was used to assess the antiproliferative effects of icariin and to determine the optimal concentration and treatment schedule of icariin on the HepG2 cells...
November 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jing Zhang, Wei Jiang, Wei-Da Wang, Cheng-Cheng Liu, Yan-Ping Hu, Zhong-Jun Xia
GELOX (gemcitabine, oxaliplatin and L-asparaginase) regimen showed an impressive result in our previous study, but the effect of this new regimen is still dissatisfying for some patients, so it is necessary to identify which patients will benefit from this regimen. A total of fifty-one cases with nasal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma receiving initial GELOX chemotherapy were enrolled in this study. The ki-67 expression detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in the specimens ranged from 10% to 90%, with a median value of 70%, so cases higher than the median value (≥70%) were defined as high ki-67 expression, and the others were designated as low ki-67 expression...
2015: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Xi-wen Bi, Yi Xia, Wen-wen Zhang, Peng Sun, Pan-pan Liu, Yu Wang, Jia-jia Huang, Wen-qi Jiang, Zhi-ming Li
The optimal treatment strategy for elderly patients with natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) remains to be established. A total of 63 elderly patients with newly diagnosed NKTCL were retrospectively reviewed. Among the patients with stage I-II disease, 58.3 % received radiotherapy (RT) ± chemotherapy, and 41.7 % received chemotherapy alone. Compared with chemotherapy alone, RT ± chemotherapy elicited a significantly higher overall response rate (ORR) (100 vs. 57.1 %, P < 0.001) and substantially prolonged 5-year overall survival (OS) (55...
September 2015: Annals of Hematology
Bi-Ling Chen, Zhe Zhao, Shi-Hai Qin, Li Liu, Qing-Ling Tan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the short-term efficacy and safety of GEMOX regimen for the treatment of lymphoma, so as to provide the reference for further rational selection of chemotherapy. METHODS: A total of 61 patients with relapse and refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) treated with chanotherapy of GEMOX regimen from 2010 Jannary -2013 year were selected, and their clinical data were collected, and the short-term efficacy, toxic effects and short-term survival were analyzed...
April 2015: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
E Fréling, F Granel-Brocard, C Serrier, N Ortonne, A Barbaud, J-L Schmutz
BACKGROUND: Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is a rare form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and carries a poor prognosis. Depending on the primary sites of anatomical involvement, it is subcategorized into nasal or extra-nasal ENKTL. Cutaneous involvement is the second localization reported for these lymphomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A woman was admitted for erythematous infiltrative patches on the breasts having an ulcerative course. Cutaneous histopathology showed a dense, diffuse infiltrate of atypical lymphocytes...
February 2015: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Hong-Qiang Guo, Lei Liu, Xin-Feng Wang, Tong-Yu Lin, Shu-Na Yao, Zhi-Hua Yao, Shu-Jun Yang
There is currently no standard first-line regimen for patients with extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL). In this study, we investigated the efficacy and toxicity of gemcitabine (GEM) combined with oxaliplatin (L-OHP), L-asparaginase (L-ASP) and dexamethasone (DXM) (GOLD regimen) as a systemic treatment scheme for newly-diagnosed ENKTCL cases. A total of 55 patients were recruited at the Henan Province Cancer Hospital and the Cancer Center of Sun Yat-sen University between May, 2008 and August, 2012...
November 2014: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Chenfei Zhou, Jun Ji, Min Shi, Liu Yang, Yingyan Yu, Bingya Liu, Zhenggang Zhu, Jun Zhang
Oxaliplatin and the histone deacetylase inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), also known as vorinostat, are potent antitumor agents. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of SAHA on the antitumor efficacy of oxaliplatin in gastric cancer and the interaction between oxaliplatin and SAHA. Cell growth inhibition was evaluated using Cell Counting Kit‑8 and colony formation assays. Xenografts established in nude mice were used to assess tumor growth in vivo. Western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of acetyl‑histone H3, phosphorylated histone H2AX (γH2AX), B‑cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl‑2), cleaved caspase‑3, cleaved poly (ADP‑ribose) polymerase (PARP), phosphorylated- (p-)Src, Src, Akt and p‑Akt in gastric cancer cells...
November 2014: Molecular Medicine Reports
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